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Publication numberUS3767901 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 23, 1973
Filing dateJan 11, 1971
Priority dateJan 11, 1971
Publication numberUS 3767901 A, US 3767901A, US-A-3767901, US3767901 A, US3767901A
InventorsM Black, W Gunning, E Hoover, R King, R Nater, W Roberts, C Rolston
Original AssigneeWalt Disney Prod
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Digital animation apparatus and methods
US 3767901 A
Abstract
A digital data processing system for generation and storage of data for controlling animated figures, similar and associated devices. Via an input console, digital and analog positioning and control information is entered into the system. A programmed general purpose digital computer accepts the entered data, formats it properly, adds identifying information and retrievably stores the data. Stored data is selectively then read out and used to control one or more animated figures and related functions. Both analog and on-off devices are controlled. In the preferred embodiment, the animated figures and related functions combine to constitute a completely controlled animated show or presentation. A monitor system continually checks the status of on-off devices throughout the system and informs the general purpose computer of off-normal conditions. By computer control, the off-normal conditions may be restored to normal and the operator notified of the off-normal condition.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Black et al.

[ 1 Oct. 23, 1973 6/l97l Harrison 340/324 A OTHER PUBLICATIONS [75] Il'lVCl'liOl'SZ Millard G. Black, Santa Ana; Robert "Method for C ymputer Animation of Lip Move. Granada Hills; Charles ments" IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, Vol. 14, Rolston, Santa Ana; William H. N 10, 34972, 235-l5l. Roberts, Corona Del Mar; Edward 11 Placemia; wimam Primary Examiner-Eugene G. Botz Glllllllllg, L05 Altos; Robe" King, Attorney-Fulwider, Patton, Rieber, Lee & Utecht Anaheim, all of Calif.

[73] Assignee: Walt Disney Productions, Burbank, ABSTRACT Calif. A digital data processing system for generation and [22] Ffled Jan 11 1971 storage of data for controlling animated figures, similar and associated devices. Via an input console, digi- [21] Appl. No.: 105,597 tal and analog positioning and control information is entered into the system. A programmed general pur- 52 us. Cl 235/151, 340/324 R, 340/1725, f P entered. data [79,100 2 S mats it properly, adds identifying information and re trievably stores the data. Stored data is selectively [51] Int. Cl. G05b 15/100 h d d d l l {58] Field of Search 40/l06.3, 106.36, m w 40/28 3. [7900 2 340/324 A 172 mated figures and related functions. Both analog and 318/567, 568, 62464, 17; 235/151, 151. on-off devices are controlled. In the preferred embodils L1 1 ment, the animated figures and related functions c0mbine to constitute a completely controlled animated z'izrkszhz'sziafisrsl 2,2230; 2:120:03? UNITED STATES PATENTS tem and informs the general purpose computer of off- 3,567,9l4 3/1971 Neese et al. 235/l51.l normal conditions, By computer control, the Offfi t lfy normal conditions may be restored to normal and the enwor y 3,46l,4$7 8/1969 Kawamura et al 340/l'74.l R X operator noufied of the off normal condition 3,479,647 ll/l969 Cohen et al. 340/l72.5 131 Claims, 31 Drawing Figures mac f eimr: P1! 14 ccwrflal raw/M 16 UNIT wv/r 1mm: I i p -12? COMPt/Tll PAIENIED IICI 23 ms sum 01 or 21 4 rraeA/svs PATENTEB IICI 2 3 I973 SIIEEI 030$ 21 PATENTEB MI 2 3 1973 sum 11 or 21 mmowkh PATENTEUUCI 2 3 I975 SHEEI IBM 21

Patent Citations
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Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Method for Computer Animation of Lip Movements IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, Vol. 14, No. 10, 3 1972, 235 151.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4001785 *Feb 14, 1975Jan 4, 1977Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for monitoring changes of multiple inputs
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US6198247 *Apr 20, 1999Mar 6, 2001Steven BarrServo-articulated modules and robotic assemblies incorporating them
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Classifications
U.S. Classification318/568.11, 360/79
International ClassificationG06T15/70
Cooperative ClassificationG06T13/00
European ClassificationG06T13/00