US 3768447 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Kiillstrand ECONOMIZER WITH FLUES CONNECTED IN SERIES Primary ExaminerKenneth W. Sprague  Inventor: Giista K'allstrand, Jarfalla, Sweden A't0mey E"l0tt Pollock et  Assignee: AB Svenska Maskinverken, Kallhall,
- Sweden 22 Filed: Mar. 16, 1972  ABSTRACT  Appl' 235,190 An economizer, comprising a plurality of vertical gas passageways disposed with their axes parallel to each 30 Foreign Application priority Data other and having inlets and outlets therein so that a Mar 3 1971 Sweden 4175/71 heated gas can flow serially therethrough, the walls of said vertical gas passageways comprising a plurality of tubes that are disposed in essentially parallel relation- (gill. p to each other and welded together to form  Fieid 412 421 screens, the interior of said vertical gas passageways containing vertical screens composed of a plurality of  References Cited tubes arranged in parallel relationship, and means for passing a cooling fluid in series through said screens UNITED STATES PATENTS and tubes 1,538,256 5/1925 Munzinger I22/42l FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures 551,685 10/1956 Belgium 122/421 l 5- l L] ECONOMIZER WITH FLUES CONNECTED IN SERIES This invention relates to an economizer comprising vertical tube screens arranged in vertical gas flues connected in series.
Economizers of this kind comprise a plurality of tube screens finned tubes or tubes welded together to panels by sheet metal strips which are suspended in vertical flue-gas passages or ducts made of sheet metal. The temperature differences in the walls of these passages being high, the passages are to be constructed with great care to master expansions and thermal stresses. The passages also are to be provided with a relatively thick insulation.
The present invention has as its object to solve the aforesaid problems in the simplest way and to lower the manufacturing costs of the construction. The present invention renders it possible to eliminate the costs for the walls between the ducts and can be assumed to eliminate half of the manufacturing costs for the remaining walls.
The invention is characterized in that the walls of the gas passages or ducts are panel walls flown through by water and connected in series with the water circulation system of the economizer, that the walls are placed before, after or between groups of economizers and constitute a part of the heat-absorbing surface of the economizer.
An embodiment of the invention is described in the following with reference to the accompanying Figures.
FIG. 1 shows in a schematical way a vertical section, and
FIG. 2 shows a cross-section through an economizer according to the invention.
Economizers of the kind referred to by the invention are advantageously applied in connection with soda recovery units, and preferably it is the heat of the flue gases from soda recovery units which is to be recovered in the economizer according to the invention. The economizer comprises three ducts designated A, B, C. The ducts are separated from each other, and the flue gases flow from the arrow I into the duct A and downwards therethrough, turn at the pocket II and flow upwards through duct B. At III the flue gas is led into duct C and leaves the economizer in the lower portion of duct C at the arrow IV. Feed water for absorbing the heat content in the flue gases is introduced through the pipe 1 to a distribution box 2. In the duct C a number of screens b are mounted through which the water can flow upwards. The water is led from the distribution box 2 via distribution pipes 3 to each of the screens b, which include tubes welded together in a manner known per se to form screens. Alternatively to their arrangement within the duct, the distribution box 2 and distribution pipes 3 may be located outside the duct with connection to the tube screens b. The tube screens b are upwardly in the duct C connected to a collecting box 5, from which pipes 6 lead the water to further distribution boxes 7 and 8 at the lower edge of duct B, which boxes are interconnected and constitute a communicating system. From said distribution boxes 7 and 8 the water flows through the tubes in the walls 9-14 all of which, thus, are connected in parallel to the collecting boxes l620, which are interconnected in the same way as the aforementioned distribution boxes. From the collecting boxes 16-20 the water is led through pipes 21 downwards to further distribution boxes 22 and, respectively, 23 in the lower edge of duct A. The pipes 21 preferably may extend through the duct B. In the duct A there are provided economizer screens a in the form of tube screens in the same known manner as described above, which lead the water to collecting boxes 24 and 25, from which the water is led away from the economizer through the pipes 26.
It is to be observed, thus, that the ducts A, B and C are defined by tube screens 9, 10, ll, 12 and 13/14, which receive their feed water through the distribution boxes 7 and 8 located downwardly in each duct. For providing an entrance for the flue gases at the arrow 1, the tube screen 9 must have an opening, which preferably is so arranged that a collecting pipe 15 is placed in the lower edge of the opening. Said collecting pipe distributes the water outwards to the sides so that the water can rise around the opening and is re-collected in collecting pipes 16 in the upper edge of the duct. The tube screen wall 12 has in the same way a collecting pipe 17 in the upper edge of duct C, but here no opening through the tube screen wall 12 is required, because the flue gases at duct C go off downwardly.
The invention provides the further advantage, in addition to those mentioned in the introductory portion, that in the entire passage wall system a temperature of highest possible uniformity is obtained and that, furthermore, the insulation thickness of the walls can be reduced. It is to be noted, thus, that the feed water flows in series through the tube screens and in a counterflow to the flue gases.
What I claim is:
1. An economizer, comprising in combination a. a plurality of vertical gas passageways disposed with their axes parallel to each other and having inlets and outlets therein so that a heated gas can flow serially therethrough,
b. the walls of said vertical gas passageways comprising a plurality of tubes that are disposed in essentially parallel relationship to each other and welded together to form screens,
c. the interior of said vertical gas passageways containing vertical screens composed of a plurality of tubes arranged in parallel relationship, and
d. means for passing a cooling fluid in series through the screens of (c) and the tubes of (d).