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Publication numberUS3769043 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 30, 1973
Filing dateMay 20, 1971
Priority dateMay 20, 1971
Publication numberUS 3769043 A, US 3769043A, US-A-3769043, US3769043 A, US3769043A
InventorsMorishima T, Shimizu R
Original AssigneeRicoh Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Treating solution for planographic printing plates
US 3769043 A
Abstract
A treating solution for planographic printing plates, which consists essentially of an aqueous solution containing dissolved therein at least one iron-cyano-complex such as ammonium ferrocyanide, sodium ferrocyanide, sodium ferricyanide, potassium ferrocyanide and potassium ferricyanide, at least one heteropoly-acid such as phosphorus vanadate and ammonium or alkali metal salts of said acids and at least one phosphate such as diammonium hydrogen phosphate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, the balance, apart from impurities, being water.
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finited States Patent 11 1 Morishima et a1.

[ Oct. 30, 1973 1 1 TREATING SOLUTION FOR PLANOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATES [52] U.S. Cl. 106/2, 96/1 R, 101/451, 106/19, 106/286, 117/47, 117/135.5, 117/169,148/6.15 R

[51] Int. Cl. C0911 5/20, C09k 3/00, C09k 3/18 [58] Field of Search 106/219-232, 286;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,398,002 8/1968 Bondurant et a1. 106/2 12/1969 Shimazu 101/453 7/1970 Shimizu et al. 106/2 [57] ABSTRACT A treating solution for planographic printing plates, which consists essentially of an aqueous solution containing dissolved therein at least one iron-cyanocomplex such as ammonium ferrocyanide, sodium ferrocyanide, sodium ferricyanicle, potassium ferrocyanide and potassium ferricyanide, at least one heteropoly-acid such as phosphorus vanadate and ammonium or alkali metal salts of said acids and at least one phosphate such as diammonium hydrogen phosphate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, the balance, apart from impurities, being water.

4 Claims, No Drawings TREATING SOLUTION FOR PLANOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATES CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 814,792, filed Apr. 9, 1969, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a hydrophilic treating solution for use in offset printing for the purpose of making hydrophilic the non-image areas of both offset printing plates having a paper support and offset type planographic printing plates having a metal or plastic or other support. The hydrophilic treating solution referred to in this invention also involves what is called a fountain solution for use in offset printing which is obtained by diluting the aforementioned treating solution.

2. Description of the Prior Art Offset type planographic printing plates have been widely developed under various types and so have many kinds of compositions to make their plate materials. For instance, when an offset printing plate is utilized in which the image is produced by electrophotography, a layer consisting of a resin binder dispersed with zinc oxide is formed over the surface of a support when a printing plate is utilized in which an image is produced on the surface of its support by means of xerography and a printing plate is utilized in which an image is produced directly on its support, a layer consisting of a hydrophilic colloidal matter, clay, etc. is formed on the surface of a support and the layer is set up for hardening by submitting same to an aftertreatment with an aqueous solution which contains metallic salts-Such plates that are prepared by forming a diazotype light-sensitive layer upon the surface of a support such as paper, metal plate and plastic sheet treated with aforementioned hardening set up are also widely known. It is generally believed that if the materials which compose the surface of printing plates are different treating solutions should be used in order to make the non-image areas on the surfaces of said printing plates hydrophilic depending on the type of the respective layer composition used in preparing the printing plates. At the present, there are commercially available various types of treating solutions for planographic printing plates having special formulations in order to function effectively with the compositions of the surfaces of the respective types of printing plates.

However, when several types of printing plates made of different materials are to be used for printing on one offset type planographic printing machine, the treating solutions have to be changed, much to the inconvenience of the users, so that the succeeding treating solution will meet the requirements of the succeeding printing plate.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to provide a universal type treating solution for planographic printing plates made that can be used for making hydrophilic the aforementioned printing plates of various types of materials. Therefore, when the treating solution which is prepared according to the present invention is used in offset printing, it completely avoids the necessity of changing the treating solutions, which has been a conventional practice followed when a printing plate of different type from the previous one is to be used on the printing machine.

The inventors have successfully accomplished the object of this invention by finding that a treating solution consisting essentially of an aqueous solution containing three components i.e., heteropoly-acid, ironcyano-complex and phosphate, has general purpose performances. The invention is the result of experimental research work in which various types of compositions were prepared to make treating solutions of many kinds and determining how successfully each of them coact with the respective printing plates that are made of different kinds of materials.

A treating solution according to the present invention should accordingly contain the following three components in order. to make hydrophilic the nonimage areas on the surface of said printing plates made of various types of plate materials.

As for the first of the indispensable components, namely, iron-cyano-complex, iron-cyano-complexes of ammonium and iron-cyano-complexes of alkali metals are best suited for the purpose and, for instance, ammonium ferrocyanide, ammonium ferricyanide, sodium ferrocyanide, sodium ferricyanide, potassium ferrocyanide and potassium ferricyanide are used.

As for the second of said components, namely, heteropolyacid, there are used any of such heteropoly acids that are water soluble and contain water of crystallization in large quantities and are stable enough not to be decomposed in an acid solution. For instance, heteropoly-acids such as phosphomolybdic phosphotungsted and phosphovanodic acids are suitable for the purpose. In this invention, these heteropoly-acids can be used as salts of alkali metals such as sodium and potassium, or ammonium salts. Also, sodium molybdate and sodium tungstate can be used. Furthermore, salts which are expressed by the general formula such as 2(M) O'P O '5MoO 'nl-I,O (wherein, M is selected from the group consisting of Na, K and N14,, and n is whole number in the range of 2-22), are applicable in this invention. These heteropoly-acids have a property to solidify proteins such as gelatin, casein and albumen. A treating solution which contains any of these heteropoly-acids, therefore, when used for plate materials which have a printing surface containing a protein, not only increases the strength of the layer physically as well as mechanically but also improves its printing quality and lengthens its printing life, and also contributes to give the image-areas formed on the plate surface a water-repellent property.

As for phosphates, the third of said components, all phosphates are usable for the present invention so far as they are water soluble; however, alkali metal salts and ammonium salts such as disodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, diammonium hydrogen phosphate, and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate are the most suitable ones.

The treating solutions according to the present invention contain from about 0.5 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one iron-cyano-complex selected from among the aforementioned various kinds of ironcyano-complexes, from about 0.05 to about 10 percent by weight of at least one heteropoly-acid selected from among the heteropoly-acids and from about 1.0 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one phosphate 3 selected from among the phosphates, the balance, apart from impurities, being water. In addition to the aforementioned three components, it is advisable in the present invention to'use at least one compound selected from among such hydrophilic colloidal materials as gum arabic, sodium alginate, ester of alginic acid and propylene glycol, propylene glycol, carboxymethyl cellulose, dextrin, polyacrylic acid and glycerine.

Therefore, the present invention is also featured in providing a treating solution consisting essentially of an aqueous solution containing the three components i.e., iron-cyano-complex, heteropoly-acid and phosphates,

and from about 1.0 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one hydrophilic colloidal material selected from among the aforementioned hydrophilic colloidal materials.

lt is important that the concentration of each of the components is within the specified ranges, one or other of the desired properties falling off if the concentration of any of them is outside the limits set forth above.

When the concentration of each of iron-cyanocomplex and heteropoly-acid in the treating solution is in excess of the respective maximum of the aforementioned ranges, it tends to bring about the defect that the printing ink is absorbed even onto the non-image areas outside the image areas of the printing plate, while when the concentration is below the minimum of said range, it tends to bring about the defect that a sufficient quantity of printing ink is hardly absorbed onto the image, areas of the printing plate.

The concentration of the phosphate in the treating solution must also be within said range, and when the phosphate concentration above the maximum of said range is used, it tends to bring about the defect that a sufficient quantity of printing ink is hardly adsorbed onto the image areas of printing plate, while when the concentration is below the minimum of said range, it tends to bring about the defect that the printing ink is adsorbed even onto the non-image areas outside the image areas of printing plate.

The hydrophilic colloidal materials in the present invention contribute greatly to the improvement of the hydrophilic effect of the treating solution.

When the concentration of hydrophilic colloidal materials in the treating solution is less than 1.0 percent, the effect resulting from the addition of such materials is limited only to an extremely small extent. In other words, since the treating solution according to the present invention per se possesses, without containing such materials, a function enough to make the non-image areas hydrophilic, it is difficult to observe an effect to be brought about by addition of small amounts of these materials. When the contents of such materials in the treating solution are more than 20 percent, on the other hand, there can be observed a tendency to cause insufficient adhesion of ink to the image areas.

Taking into consideration the relation between the concentration and the effect of the respective components as aforesaid, it will be most preferable in the present invention that the concentration of each component lies within the range as given below.

lron-cyano-complex: from about 0.5 to about 10 percent by weight Heteropoly-acid: from about 0.05 to about 5 percent by weight Phosphate: from about L0 to about percent by weight Hydrophilic colloidal material: from about 1.0 to about 10 percent by weight When a treating solution composed of the aforementioned components according to this invention is used to treat printing plates, it can be used to make hydrophilic printing plates of various types of plate materials and in printing, the printing ink shows a good lay and satisfactory printing results can be obtained from the very beginning of the printing. While heightening the hydrophilic effect of the non-image area of printing plates, the treating solution improves the waterrepellent property of the image areas, and also improves the lay of ink in the solid areas, which problem has heretofore been encountered in case of offset printing plates prepared by electrophotography, and pos sesses the advantage of improving the printing quality of the plates. Other merits are that this treating solution and a fountain solution prepared by diluting this treating solution can be used satisfactorily on the offset press equipped with an automatic etching device, and that since it is not necessary to change the treating solution even when the printing plates are changed, this treating solution contributes much to the saving of time in printing operations.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS phosphotungstic acid (hydrogen phosphorus wolframate) ammonium dihydrogen phosphate sodium ferrocyanide l part by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight were dissolved in water. Water was further added to this solution until a total of 1,000 parts by weight of an aqueous solution was obtained as a treating solution for use in offset printing, and part of the treating solution was diluted in water at the ratio of l:l0 to prepare a fountain solution. The aforementioned image carrying copying paper was made hydrophilic by the use of the treating solution, and then was set on the offset press to conduct printing while wetting the image carrying copying paper with said fountain solution. More than 3,000 copies of prints carrying a clearly printed image were obtained and the lay of ink was very good from the beginning of the printing. Example 2 After a plate material of copying paper carrying an image obtained according to Example 1 was treated with a solvent steam of trichlene to fix the said image, the plate surface was treated with a treating solution comprising the undermentioned components and set for the printing. Two thousand copies of prints carrying a clear image were thus obtained. Water was added to 2 parts by weight 30 parts by weight 40 part! by weight gylcerine 50 parts by weight to make the total quantity of 1,000 parts by weight. Example 3 A solution consisting of 100 parts by weight of 3% aqueous solution of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose having a low viscosity, 20 parts by weight of colloidal silica, 20 parts by weight of clayand 20 parts by weight of glycerine was coated on a paper support having water resisting properties. In order to make the coating layer insoluble, it was further treated with a 5% aqueous solution consisting of copper sulfate and aluminum sulfate, and was then dried to make a plate material for use in direct image writing. After having an image drawn on the surface of this plate material by the use of an oily pencil (typewriter or electrostatic reproduction may also be used), the plate material was treated with a treating solution comprising the undermentioned components to make it hydrophilic:

5 parts by weight 30 parts by weight l parts by weight 200 parts by weight to which water was added to make the total quantity of 1,000 parts by weight of aqueous solution. When offset type planographic printing was conducted using said plate material, 3,000 copies of prints having a clearly printed image thereon were obtained. The lay of the ink on the plate was very good. As for a fountain solution, part of the treating solution having the abovementioned components was used after it was diluted with water at the ratio of 1:20. Example 4 A solution comprising the following components was applied to the surface of paper support having water resisting properties:

5 pans by weight 5 parts by weight 20 parts by weight l part by weight 0.5 part by weight 200 pans by weight hydroxy ethyl cellulose polyvinyl alcohol aluminum hydroxide dimethylol melamine ammonium chloride water The plate thus obtained was hot-set to make a plate material for use in direct image writing, upon which an image was drawn with a ball-point pen. The plate was then treated with a treating solution consisting of the following components:

phosphomolybdic acid (hydrogen phosphorus molybdate) sodium dlhydrogen phosphate sodium ferricyunide sodlum alglnate glycerine 0.5 part by weight 50 parts by weight 30 parts by weight parts by weight 50 parts by weight phosphotungstic acid (hydrogen phosphorus wolframate) sodium ferrocyanide diammonium hydrogen phosphate sodium alginate ethylene glycol 1 part by weight 5 parts by weight parts by weight 5 parts by weight 100 parts by weight to which water was added to make the total quantity of 1,000 parts by weight. The performance of the abovementioned treatingsolution was approximately equal to those treating solutions referred to in Examples l-4.

, Example 6 5 parts by weight 7 m l odi oxa n e) was apgli ed to the surface of the alumi- A solution of methyl cellosolve containing diazo compounds (for instance, ester of naphthoquinone-( l 2)-diazido sulfonic acid) of quinone diazido type was applied to the surface of a paper support having water resisting qualities and was dried, on which'a positive original was placed and exposed to ultraviolet rays for three minutes. The plate was developed with an alkaline developer, was also fixed and made hydrophilic by the use of a treating solution which was composed of the following components:

phosphomolybdic acid (hydrogen phosphorus molybdate) ammonium hydrogen phosphate potassium ferrycyanide ester of alginic acid-propylene glycol propylene glycol l0 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 20 parts by weight l00 parts by weight,

TABLE 1 lron-cyano Heteropoly- Treating Complex acid Phosphate W ater Solution (Parts by (pans by (Parts (parts No. weight) weight) by by weight) weight) Potassium Phosphorus Ammonium ferricyanide molybdate dihydro gen (5) llNa O-P o phosphate (5) SMOOQHHQO] (2) Sodium Phosphorus Potassium ferrocyanide molybdate dihydrogen (5) [2(NH.),O'P,O;' phosphate (5) 5MoO 'nH,O]

Sodium Sodium Ammonium ferrocyanide molybdate dihydrogen (5) [Na,MoO '2H 0] phosphate Ammonium Diammonium ferrocyanide hydrogen phosphate Sodium Sodium Ammonium ferrocyanide molybdate dihydrogen (l0) [Na MoO -2l-l O] phosphate Sodium wolframate [N WO QI-LOI Sodium dihydrogen phosphate 5 it was confirmed that the properties and performances of these treating solutions were as same as those of the treating solutions given in the foregoing Exampies. Example 8 The printing plates used in aforesaid Examples were respectively made hydrophilic with treating solutions having undermentioned compositions. As a result, it was recognized that said treating solutions possess the same effect as those used in the Examples.

Treating solution No. 1

Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphotungstic acid Disodium hydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution N0. 2

Sodium ferricyanide Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphomolybdic acid Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 3

Potassium ferrocyanide Disodium phosphorus molybdate l2Na O-P o -sMoO -nii l Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 4

Potassium ferricyanide Diammonium phosphorus moiybdate [2(NH,),O'P 0 -5MoO 'nH,O1 Potassium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 5

Potassium ierrocyanide Ammonium ferrocyanide Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphotungstic acid Sodium molybdate [Na,MoO.-2H,0) Diammonium hydrogen phosphate Disodium hydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 6

Ammonium ferricyanide Phosphomlybdic acid Sodium wolframate Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 7

Ammonium ferrocyanide Ammonium ferricyanide Diammonium phosphorus molybdate [2(NH,),O'P,0 ,5MoO,,-nl-l,O] Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 8

Potassium ferrocyanide Disodium phosphorus moiybdate [2Na,O'P 0,'5Mo0 'nl-i,0l Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 9

Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphomoybdic acid Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Water Treating solution No. 10

Sodium ferrocyunide Fhosphotungstic acid Disodium hydrogen phosphate Gum arubic Water Treating solution No. ii

Sodium t'erricysnide Phosphomobybdic acid Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Sodium nlginate Gum arable Water Treating solution No. i2

Potassium ferricyanide Potassium ferrocyanide 5 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 200 parts by weight 695 parts by Weight 3 parts by weight 2 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 200 parts by weight 785 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 05 part by weight 10 parts by weight 984.5 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 5 parts by weight l0 parts by weight 980 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight lOO parts by weight I00 parts by weight 500 parts by weight 150 parts by weight 50 parts by weight parts by weight 10 parts by weight 770 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 05 part by weight l00 parts by weight 699.5 parts by weight 200 parts by weight I part by weight 200 parts by weight 599 parts by weight lOO parts by weight 10 parts by weight I00 parts by weight 790 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 50 parts by weight iOO parts by weight I00 parts by weight 745 parts by weight I00 parts by weight 0.5 part by weight I00 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 699.5 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight Disodium phosphorus molybdate {ZNmO-EOySMoOgnl-QO] Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate Propylene glycol Water Treating solution No. 13

Potassium ferricyanide Diammoniurn phosphorus molybdate [2(NH ),0-P,O -5MoO,-nH,0] Potassium dihydrogen phosphate Carboxymethyl cellulose Water Treating solution No. 14

Ammonium ferrocyanide Phosphotungstic acid Sodium molybdate '[Na MoO, 2l-i,O]

Diammonium hydrogen phosphate Dextrin Water Treating solution No. 15

Ammonium ferricyanide Phosphototungstic acid Phosphomolybdic acid Sodium wolframate Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Polyacrylic acid Water Treating solutio No. 15

Ammonium ferricyanide Diammonium phosphorus molybdate [2(NH O'P,O,-5Mo0;,-nH-,O] Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Glycerine Water Treating solution No. 17

Potassium ferricyanide Disodium phosphorus molybdate [2Na O'P O;'5MoO;,nH,O] Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Gum arabic Water v Treating solution No. 18

Sodium ferricyanide Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphomolybdic acid Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Sodium alginate Water Treating solution No. 19

Sodium ferrocyanide Phosphotungstic acid Disodium hydrogen phosphate Gum arabic Propylene glycol Carboxymethyl cellulose Water 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight parts by weight 780 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 0.5 part by weight 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 974.5 parts by weight lOO parts by weight 30 parts by weight 20 parts by weight l00 parts by. weight 10 parts by weight 740 partsby Weight 100 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 50 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 670 parts by weight 100 parts by weight 0.5 part by weight l0 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 879.5 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 30 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 945 parts by Weight 5 parts by weight 5 parts by weight 1 part by weight 20 parts by weight 60 parts by weight 20 parts by weight l0 parts by weight 879 parts by weight i0 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 10 parts by weight 20 parts by weight 60 parts by weight 20 parts by weight 870 parts by weight The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. A treating solution for 'planographic printing plates, which consists essentially of an aqueous solution of (a) from about 0.5 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one iron-cyano-complex selected from the group consisting of sodium ferrocyanide, sodium ferricyanide, potassium ferrocyanide, potassium ferricyanide, ammonium ferricyanide and ammonium ferrocyanide, (b) from about 0.05 to about 10 percent by weight of at least one material selected from the group consisting of phosphomolybdic acid, phosphotungstic acid, 'phosphovanadic acid, ammonium salts of said acids, alkali metal salts of said acids, sodium molybdate and sodium tungstate, and (c) from about 1.0 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one phosophate selected from the group consisting of disodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, diammonium hydrogen phosphate and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, the balance of said solution, apart from impurities, being water.

2. A treating solution according to claim 1, wherein the concentration of said iron-cyano-complex is in the range of from about 0.5 to about 10 percent by weight, the concentration of said material (b) is in the range of from about 0.05 to about percent by weight, and the concentration of said phosphate is in the range of from about 1.0 to about percent by weight.

3. A treating solution for planographic printing plates, which consists essentially of an aqueous solution of (a) from about 0.5 to about percent by weight of at least one iron-cyano-complex selected from the group consisting of sodium ferrocyanide, sodium ferricyanide, potassium ferrocyanide, potassium ferricyanide, ammonium ferricyanide an ammonium ferrocyanide, (b) from about 0.05 to about 10 percent by weight of at least one material selected from the group consisting of phosphomolybdic acid, phosphotungstic acid, phosphovanadic acid, ammonium salts of said acids, alkali metal salts of said acids, sodium molybdate and sodium tungstate, (c) from about 1.0 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one phosphate selected from the group consisting of disodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium di-hydrogen phosphate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, diammonium hydrogen phosphate and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate; and (d) from about 1.0 to about 20 percent by weight of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of gum arabic, sodium alginate, ester of alginic acid-propylene glycol, propylene glycol, carboxymethyl cellulose, dextrin, polyacrylic acid and glycerine, the balance of said solution, apart from impurities, being water.

4. A treating solution according to claim 3, wherein the concentration of said iron-cyano-complex is in the range of from about 0.5 to about 10 percent by weight, the concentration of said material (b) is in the range of from about 0.05 to about 5 percent by weight, the concentration of said phosphate is in the range of from about 1.0 to about 10 percent by weight, and the concentration of said compound is in the range of from about 1.0 to about 10 percent by weight.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 7 9 043 Dated October 30 1973 lnv fl Tsuyoshi Morishima and Rentaro Shimizu It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the Title Page insert Priority Data as below:

"Claims Priority Japan Serial No. 24 649 filed April 13, 1968.

Col. 8, line 62; change "phosophate" to ---phos phate- Signed and sealed this 2nd day of April 1971+.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLE'I'CHER,JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents F ORM P0-105O (10-69) USCOMM-DC 6O376-P69 U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I969 0-365-334,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3398002 *Jun 29, 1967Aug 20, 1968BondurantUniversal fountain solution for planographic printing
US3481271 *Mar 17, 1967Dec 2, 1969Polychrome CorpPhotoconductive layer construction
US3522062 *Mar 25, 1968Jul 28, 1970Ricoh KkTreating solution for planographic printing plates made with electrophotographic recording papers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4024085 *Oct 3, 1974May 17, 1977Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Gum removing solution for lithographic plate
US4089708 *Apr 8, 1976May 16, 1978Compagnie Francaise De Produits IndustrielsSodium phosphates, ammonium tungstate, ethylene oxide nonylphenol adduct
US4116698 *Sep 23, 1977Sep 26, 1978Ricoh Co., Ltd.Ferrocyanate treating liquid for offset master
US5178961 *Jul 17, 1991Jan 12, 1993Hoechst AktiengesellschaftThermally crosslinkable hydrophilic copolymers and their use in reprography
US5178963 *Jul 17, 1991Jan 12, 1993Hoechst AktiengesellschaftHydrophilic copolymers and their use in reprography
US5219664 *Jul 17, 1991Jun 15, 1993Hoechst AktiengesellschaftHydrophilic copolymers and their use in reprography
US5221370 *Jun 14, 1990Jun 22, 1993Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.Surface treatment of metal with aqueous zinc phosphate solution containing silicotungstic acid and/or silicotung-state
US5221546 *Jun 14, 1991Jun 22, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyLaminated pastry dough
US5262244 *Mar 1, 1993Nov 16, 1993Hoechst AktiengesellschaftHydrophilic copolymers and their use in reprography
US5302460 *Jul 17, 1991Apr 12, 1994Hoechst AktiengesellschaftSupport material for offset-printing plates in the form of a sheet, a foil or a web process for its production and offset-printing plate comprising said material
US20130087167 *Oct 7, 2011Apr 11, 2013Xerox CorporationTunable surfactants in dampening fluids for digital offset ink printing applications
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/97, 430/49.8, 106/31.95, 430/104, 106/2, 148/253, 106/31.94, 524/413, 101/451, 524/408
International ClassificationB41N3/00, B41N3/08
Cooperative ClassificationB41N3/08
European ClassificationB41N3/08