|Publication number||US3769718 A|
|Publication date||Nov 6, 1973|
|Filing date||Sep 15, 1972|
|Priority date||Sep 15, 1972|
|Also published as||CA964054A, CA964054A1|
|Publication number||US 3769718 A, US 3769718A, US-A-3769718, US3769718 A, US3769718A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (2), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 Nopanen 1 Nov. 6, 1973  Assignee: General Electric Company,
Bruder 292/83 Robinson et al 312/248 Primary Examinerl(enneth W. Sprague Assistant Examiner-James C. Yeung Att0rney-Lawrence R. Kempton et al.
 Filed: Sept. 15, 1972 21 A l N 289,662 1 PP  ABSTRACT 52 11.5. C1 .I; 34/99 34/91 292/87 A hair dryer that may be collapse? forFarrying 3 storage and erected for operatlon, including a base as-  Int Cl A45! 20/00 E056 13/04 sembly, a rigid hood assembly to be positioned about  Fieid 34/90 91 the head of the user for distributing heated air to the 295/ head, and a strut for supporting the rigid hood assembly elevated from the base assembly. A latch release mechanism is provided that releases the hood assembly from  References cued the base assembly to allow the hood assembly to be UNITED STATES PATENTS raised simultaneously to its'operational position, all 151,466 6/1874 Bourne 292/19 with one hand 316,115 4/1885 Cassady 1,185,422 5/1916 Mammelli 292/254 8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures MoToR 44 29 28 ii I 1 1 1 7 82 64 I 80 7 6 76 72 HAIR DRYER WITH RELEASE MECHANISM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention:
This invention relates to hair dryers and, more particularly, to hair dryers havinga rigid hood.
2. Description of the Prior Art:
Hair dryers generally fall into two types namely, those which are usually permanently installed in beauty parlors, and those of the household type which are small portable appliances. The professional type is massive, costly, and does not lend itself to feasible utilization in the home. This invention relates particularly to household type hair dryers that utilize a rigid hood.
Household rigid hood hair dryers should be capable of easy storage and easy erection for operational use. One common type of rigid hood household hair dryer has a hoodthat closes down upon the base with a folding air duct interconnecting the hood and base enclosed within thehood. This makes a compact hair dryer that may be easily stored and carried. In such household rigid hood hair dryers, one problem is to hands to simultaneously release the latches. Moreover,
the latches are located down where the rigid hood sits on the base and the handle is at the top of the hood, making it even more difficult-to accomplish the opening and erecting procedure.
By my invention, there is provided a rigid hood hair dryer that has means for releasing the latch mechanism between the hood and the base and simultaneously raising the hood to the operational position, all with one hand.
7 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION I In accordance with this invention, there is provided a hair dryer having a rigid hood assembly to be positioned over the head of the user for distributing air to the hair, a base assembly, means for producing a flow of heated air to be distributed to the hair by the hood assembly, and a strut for supporting the rigid hood assembly elevated from the base assembly. There is a means which includes the strut for lowering the hood assembly onto the base assembly and for raising the hood assembly to an elevated position for operationalv use of the hair dryer. The hairdryer incorporates-a hood latch for securing the hood assembly to the base assembly for storage and carrying and latch release means including an elongated member having a push button at one end and'a cam surface at the other end cooperating with the hood latch to release the latch by cam action when the push button'is activated.
It is an object of this invention to provide a hair dryer.
that has a hoodthat may be conveniently and easily raised to its operational position by the user.
It is also an objectof this invention to provide a hair dryer with a rigid hood assembly that may be released from attachment to a base assembly as for storage and carrying and raised to its operational position simultaneously with one hand.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS .with the latch release mechanism in its latched position.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now'to the drawings in detail, FIG. I illustrates my hair dryer in erected condition ready for op-- erational use, such as in the home, and it generally in-' cludes a base'assembly 10, a rigid hood assembly 11 to be placed over the head of the user, and a strut in the form of a connecting air conduit between the hood assembly and base assembly that includes a hollow air duct assembly 12 which may be selectively adjustable as by telescoping the sections to position the hood at a height comfortable to the user. The hair dryer may be the type shown-in FIG. 1 where it is contemplated to be used by placing the entire hair dryer on a table orsimilar appropriate counter top. support and the user sits on a chair and positions her head within the rigid hoodassembly 11. It is to be understood, however, that'other rigid hood type hair dryers may also be employed in my inventionand that the hair dryer shown in the drawings is merely illustrative ofone embodiment of myinvention. I
The base assembly tains the usual means for-producing a flow of heated air. That is, thehousing contains an electrical heating means for heating air, electrically operated impeller means for causing the heated air to flow, and regulating means for both the heating and impellermeans incl'ud ing amanually operated selector switch accessiblefrom the exterior of the housing. There are also suitable air passages formed in the housing including an ambient air inlet and an integral heated air outlet which communicates with the air duct assembly 12.
The housing of the base assembly 10 includes a base member 14 and a cover 15 which are secured to each other in any convenient manner. The base member and cover may be of rigid plastic material of any suitable known type. The top of the cover l5, forms a deck-l6. Centrally, on the upper side of the deck is an air inlet grill 17. An air outlet tubular section'20 is molded integrally with cover -15. A selector switch operating knob 18 is mounted on the deck 16 and is'accessible to the user for manually operating the hair dryer. The air duct assembly 12 between the base and hood assemblies comprises three sections of air ducts lower duct 22, upper duct 24, and hood duct 26. These ducts may be made of the same rigid plastic material as that from which the base housing is made. The ducts are hollow tubular members that are generally rectangular. in cross-section. The lower duct 22 is slightly smaller in lateral cross-section compared to air outlet tubular section 20, so that it can be telescopically slidably dis- 10 includes a housingwhich conposed inside air outlet tubular section 20. The telescopic movement is used for adjusting the height of the hood assembly 11 relative to the base assembly 1 0. A hinge 25 is provided between the lower duct 22 and upper duct 24, and there is a hinge 27 between hood duct 26 and hood assembly 1 l. Hinge 29 secures the air duct assembly to the hood assembly. These hinges provide the means for raising the hood assembly for operational use and lowering it onto the base assembly for storage and carrying.
The hood assembly 11 comprises two main rigid plastic molded head receiving members-28 and 30. They are 'nested with respect to each other in'spaced. relationship to definean air distributing space or manifold 32 therebetween. The outer shell 28 is air tight, whereas the. inner liner 30 has a plurality of air distributing apertures 34 formed thr'oughoutthe surface hair of the userpThe inner liner 30 hasan outwardly and upwardly directed'peripheralflange 36 formed integrally therewith which engages'the bottom edge of the outer member 28' along a meeting line 38 that may be covered by a trim member if desired. The top of the outer shell 28 has a handle 39 for carrying the hair dryer when it is in its collapsed carrying and storage po- 'sitionJThe handle is also used to raise the hood to its operative position as will be described later.
at the front of the hood assembly 11. The push button.
42 projects through an opening 46 in the outer shell 28 at the'forward top of the hood assembly but is prevented from completely passing through opening 46 by stop meansconip'rising 'a stop element 48 having a dithereof for the purpose of directing heated air into-the leaf spring 58 exerts constant force against the hookshaped latch 56 to continuously urge it inwardly. The hook-shaped latch 56 has a shoulder portion 60 dis posed horizontally that engages a horizontal shoulder 62 molded into the inner liner 30 so that the latch shoulder 60 and liner shoulder 62 cooperate with each other to retain the forward end of the hood assembly on the base assembly. The hook-shaped latchv56 has a cam surface 64 extending from the top 66 of the latch to the outer edge 68 of the latch shoulder 60. The hook-shaped latch 56 extends from the base assembly 10 through an opening 70 in the base assembly and for the hood assembly to receive the upwardly projecting 78 in the outer shell'during the. closing operation. It-
should be notedthat a small section 80 of the outer shell below the opening 78 is provided and is dimensioned to be received within the space between the in wardly directed engaging element 74 and the lower section 76 of deck 16. This small section 80 is therefore retained in the hook-shaped configuration of the above-described latching means and will retain the rear of the hood assembly in its closed position upon the base assembly. The closing movement of the hood assembly onto the base assembly, as from that shown in FIG. 1 to that shown in FIG. 4, permits the rear portion of the hood assembly to engage the rear latching arrangement prior toi'engagement of the forward latching assembly. The forward latching a'ssemblyis engaged'by slight downward force so that the edge ofv opening 70 ameter larger than opening '46."Tli'estop element 48 j abuts theinside periphery of the hole 46'during upward movement 'of'the remote release control 40. The elongated member 41 is flexible yet sufficiently rigid so that by pushing on one end the other end is-moved correspondingly and it may be a cable or made from suitable plastic that performs and functions as a cable. Retention of the elongatedfmember 41 within the manifold 32 in its proper position may beaccoinplished by an upper bracket and a lower bracket 52 both of which are secured to the innerliner 30. The entire'rernote release control 40 is by this arrangement movable up and down within the manifold '32 within the structural limits provided and only a small amount of movement isupon contactirig latch'camsu'rface 64 overcomes the spring'bias force afforded by leaf spring 58 until the latch shoulder passes through opening 70 and the spring forces the latch 56 to engage 'liner' shoulder 62. To erect th e'hood assembly to 'itsbperativ'e position from the closed position shown in FIG. "4, the usermerely grips the handle 39 and exerts thumb pressure,
on-the outwardly exposed push button42 therebyv forcing the elongated member 41 carryingcam element 44 downwardly. Cam element 44 has a cam surface 82 which engages cam surface 64 of the hook-shaped latch 56 and upon continuedv thumb pressure and downward face 82 forces spring biased hook-shaped latch 56 outwardly-of the hair dryer, as'show'n'in FIG. 2, thereby causing disengagement of shoulder 60 of thelatch and shoulder 62 of the liner-30. ln' this position then the hook-shaped latch 56 is now disengaged from holding the forward portion of hood assembly 11 onto the base ward end in position upon the base assembly 10 consists'of a hook-shaped:latch 56 pivotally secured to the through opening72 in the liner 30. Continued moveassembly l0'and the user mer ely lifts the hood assembly simultaneously by means of the handle 39 whereupon thehook-shape'd latch 56 is withdrawn from inside manifold 32 of the'hood assembly and passes ment of the hood assembly to the erected position also accomplishes disengaging the rearward latch by withdrawing inwardly directed engaging element 74 through rearward opening 78 in the outer shell thereby releasing the hood assembly from the base assembly except for the hinged air duct assembly 12 interconnecting the hood and base assemblies which when unfolded is arranged and constructed to support the hood assembly and lock the hood assembly elevated relative to the base assembly.
To lower the hood assembly onto the base assembly for storage and carrying the user simply unlocks the hood from the air duct assembly 12 support and while gripping the handle closes the hood assembly onto the base assembly while folding the air duct assembly within the hood. The rear latch and front latch engages the hood assembly as described previously. Since there is no thumb pressure on push button 42 at this time the remote release control 40 is cammed upardly by the inwardly directed spring force exerted on hook-shaped latch 56 having latch shoulder 60 so that the remote release control 40 is positioned ready to be actuated the next time the hood assembly is to be erected for operational use. If desired, the remote release control could have a separate spring arranged to move it back to its position as before actuation.
The foregoing is a description of the preferred embodiment of the invention and variations may be made thereto without departing from the spirit of the invention, as defined in the appended claims.
1. A hair dryer comprising:
a. a base assembly including a spring biased latch,
b. means for producing a flow of heated air,
c. a rigid hood assembly arranged to be positioned about the head of the user, said assembly including an outer shell, an inner perforated liner spaced.
from the outer shell, and a latch receiving means,
d. a strut connecting the base and hood assemblies,
e. means including the strutfor lowering said hood assembly onto said base assembly and for raising the hood assembly to an elevated position relative to the base assembly for operating the hair dryer, and
f. latch release means including an elongated member having a push button at one end and a cam surface at the other end, said cam surface cooperating with the hood latch to release the latch from the hood latch receiving means by cam action when said push button is actuated.
2. The hair dryer of claim 1 wherein the spring biased force on the latch causes the elongated member to return to its position as before actuation.
3. The hair dryer of claim 1 wherein the latch release means is located in the space between the outer shell and inner liner and the push button projects through an opening in the outer shell at the forward top of hood assembly.
4. A hair dryer comprising:
a. a base assembly housing means for producing a flow of heated air and including a pivotally secured spring biased hood latch having a cam surface,
b. a rigid hood assembly arranged to be positioned about the head of the user, said assembly including an outer shell, an inner perforated liner spaced from the outer shell, and a latch receiving means,
c. air conducting means for directing heated air from said producing means to said hood assembly, said air conducting means including a hollow air duct assembly hingedly secured to the hair dryer be tween the hood assembly and base assembly,
d. means including the air duct assembly for lowering said hood assembly onto said base assembly for carrying the hair dryer and for raising the hood to an elevated position relative to the base assembly to an operative position, and
e. latch release means including an elongated member having a push button at one end and a cam sur? face at the other end, said cam surface cooperating with the cam surface of the latch to release the latch from the latch receiving means by cam action when said push button is actuated.
5. The hair dryer of claim4 wherein the latch has a horizontal shoulder and the latch receiving means has a horizontal shoulder both of said shoulders engaging each other when the hood assembly is positioned on base assembly.
6. The hair dryer of claim 4 wherein a rear latching arrangement is included to secure the hood assembly onto the base assembly at two locations.
7. The hair dryer of claim 4 wherein the hood bly has a handle at the top.
8. The hair dryer of claim 4 wherein the latch release means is located in the space between the outer shell and inner liner and the push button projects through an opening in the outer shell.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US151466 *||May 8, 1874||Jun 2, 1874||Improvement in mechanisms for unfastening end-gates|
|US316115 *||Sep 27, 1884||Apr 21, 1885||Tereitoey|
|US1185422 *||Jan 17, 1916||May 30, 1916||Dominick P Mammelli||Window-latch.|
|US1241192 *||Apr 14, 1917||Sep 25, 1917||Leo Bruder||Door-fastener.|
|US2877077 *||Nov 25, 1957||Mar 10, 1959||Amana Refrigeration Inc||Refrigerator door with trays|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4021930 *||Jan 13, 1976||May 10, 1977||Sunbeam Corporation||Hair dryer|
|US6042157 *||Jun 25, 1998||Mar 28, 2000||Hirose Electric Co., Ltd.||Lock lever release for connector|
|U.S. Classification||34/99, 34/91, 292/254, 292/87|
|International Classification||A45D20/44, A45D20/00|
|Sep 27, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BLACK & DECKER, INC., 1423 KIRKWOOD HIGHWAY NEWARK
Free format text: ASSIGNS AS OF APRIL 27, 1984 THE ENTIRE INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004349/0275
Effective date: 19840824