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Publication numberUS3769745 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 6, 1973
Filing dateApr 24, 1972
Priority dateApr 24, 1972
Also published asDE2250887A1
Publication numberUS 3769745 A, US 3769745A, US-A-3769745, US3769745 A, US3769745A
InventorsCrosman D
Original AssigneeRemco Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tearing doll with rotatable head
US 3769745 A
Abstract
An improved toy doll which will produce tearing and simultaneously move its arms (in response thereto) to provide the appearance of a crying doll. A fluid reservoir, located in the head of the doll includes ducting to carry the fluid from that reservoir to the eyes of the doll. The eyes of the doll are arranged with respect to the ducting so as to deflect the fluid passing therethrough to create the appearance of a crying or tearing doll. An elastically compressible bulb, connected to the fluid reservoir, is located in the passageway between the head and the body of the doll and is aligned along the axis of rotation of the head. When the bulb is compressed, the fluid contained therein is displaced and passes from the fluid reservoir to the eyes of the doll. The tearing system has no overflow or air intake ports inside the doll.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Crosman [451 Nov. 6, 1973 TEARING DOLL WITH ROTATABLE HEAD [73] Assignee: Remco Industries Inc., Harrison, NJ.

Primary Examiner-F. Barry Shay Attorney-William Isler et al.

[57] ABSTRACT An improved toy doll which will produce tearing and simultaneously move its arms (in response thereto) to provide the appearance of a crying doll. A fluid reservoir, located in the head of the doll includes ducting to carry the fluid from that reservoir to the eyes of the doll. The eyes of the doll are arranged with respect to the ducting so as to deflect the fluid passing therethrough to create the appearance of a crying or tearing doll. An elastically compressible bulb, connected to the fluid reservoir, is located in the passageway between the head and the body of the doll and is aligned along the axis of rotation of the head. When the bulb is compressed, the fluid contained therein is displaced and passes from the fluid reservoir to the eyes of the doll. The tearing system has no overflow or air intake ports inside the doll.

3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTEDnnv 5 I973 3.759.745 SHEET 10F 2 I j 2 42. 277% 1 HF AR m TEARING DOLL WITH ROTATABLE HEAD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an improved tearing toy doll which will simultaneously move its arms and provide tears to theeyes of the doll. More particularly, this invention relates to a toy tearing doll which is capable of having its heat rotated about its body without damaging the tearing mechanism contained therein.

Previously, toy dolls, which would produce the efiect of tearing, had tearing mechanisms located within the body of the doll. Because of the location and construction of such mechanism, the arc through which the head of the doll could be rotated was restricted. In addition, should the user move the head of the conventional doll past the restricted point, the tearing mechanism would often times be damaged. This provided a severe disadvantage in that thetearing-mechanism of the doll would be rendered useless.

The present invention is directed to providing a toy doll with a tearing mechanism to produce tear-like drops of fluid around the eyes of the dollfThe tearing mechanism is arranged within the doll so as to permit the head to be rotated about its axis without damaging the tearing mechanism. Further, the tearing mechansim has no air intake or overflow ports inside the body cavity. Thus, the overflow of fluid or the intake of air is accomplished through the small tear ducts associated with the eyes of the doll. I

v SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The head and body of the doll are arranged so that the head can be totally rotated around the body of the doll. A fluid reservoir located inthe head of the doll and a compressible, flexible bulb which is connected to the fluid reservoir passes through the passageway created between the head and body of the doll. The fluid reservoir is connected to the eyes with small ducts so that when the flexible bulb is compressed, the fluid within the bulb and reservoir is displaced, passing through the ducts. The eyes are arranged so as to present a surface which is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the duct to deflect the fluid passing therethrough. Thus, the fluid passing onto the face of the,

doll hasthe appearance of tears.

A lever located in the body of the doll, when pressed, simultaneously presses against the flexible bulb to displace the fluid therein, and in addition, is interconnected with the arms of the doll so as to provide movement to the arms. Thus, when the lever is pressed by the child, both the arms of the doll will move and the eyes will emit fluid so as to produce a doll which pro-- vides the appearance of a crying baby.

The fluid is introduced into the fluid reservoir by means of a flexible bottle which simulates the appearance of a babys milk bottle. The flexible bottle is placed into contact with the mouth of the doll and squeezed. Fluid from the flexible bottle passes from the bottle through a supply duct and into the fluid reservoir. The supply duct extends intov the interior of the fluid reservoir and is covered by a displaceable cap. This cap permits the fluid to flow into the fluid reservoir but will seal off the supply duct when the pressures of. the fluid within the fluid reservoir bears against it.

The fluid reservoir has no overflow or air intake ports inside the body. The fluid in the present invention flows out of the eyes of the doll when the fluid reservoir is over-filled. Additionally, air is taken into the system through the eyes when, after being compressed, the compressible bulb returns to its original configuration.

It is the principal object of the present invention to provide a tearing doll with a head that is totally rotatable without damaging the tearing mechanism.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a tearing doll which simultaneously will emit tears from the eyes of the doll as well as move its hands so as to present the appearance of a crying child.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a doll with a fluid reservoir with no overflow or air intake ports inside the doll.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a tearing doll which will eliminate the squirting of fluid away from the face of the doll when the tearing mechanism is activated.

An additional object of the present invention is to provide a tearing doll which can easily be filled with fluid and yet will not leak the fluid from the fluid reser- VOII'.

Other objects, aspects and advantages of the invention will in part be pointed out in and in part apparent from the following description considered together with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the doll which embodies the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a front view of the doll of FIG. 1 with the linkage contained therein shown in phantom.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the doll'taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFER-RE EMBODIMENT a 1 FIG. 1 shows the doll in sitting position. The tearducts 13 are located beliind the dolls eyes and the orifree 15, through which the fluid reservoiris supplied with fluid, is located in the mouth of the doll.

FIGS. 2, 3, and 4 show the internal workings of the doll in greater detail. The fluid reservoir 17 is located within the head of the doll and a flexible bulb 19 is located in the lowermost portion of the fluid reservoir and passes through the passageway 21 which interconnectes the interior of the head with the interior of the body of the doll. The annular lip 23 located on the neck portion of the body engages and holds thereon the rim 25 of the dolls head. Thus, the annular lip 23 of the neck and the rim 25 of the head cooperate so as to provide an annular shaped, rotatable coupling joining the head with the body of the doll. The flexible bulb 19 extends from the fluid reservoir through the passageway created by the annular lip 23 and the rim 25 into the ters the fluid reservoir through the eyes and tear ducts 13.

The body of the doll contains lever 27. Lever 27 includes theron a push rod 29 which extends from the lever 27 through the body of the doll to the exterior of the doll and is the means by which the tearing mechanism is operated. Further, lever 27 includes pivot point 31 which is journaled in the body of the doll at pivot point position 33. The upper portion of lever 27 engages bell crank 35 which is joumaled at journal points 37 and 39 in the body of the doll. When lever 27 is moved, the interconnection between lever 27 and the bell crank 35 causes the arms of the doll to move.

The movement of the lever. 27 within the body of the doll is more clearly shown with reference to FIGS. 3, 4 and 7 of the drawings. The bottle 41, which is in the shape of a babys milk bottle and which is constructed of a flexible material, is inserted into the duct 43 which provides a conduit for the fluid to flow from the bottle 41 into the fluid reservoir 17. As shown in FIG. 3, the lever 27 is in its inactivatedposition. As can be noted, lever 27 is joumaled at pivot point position 33 within the body of the doll. Spring means 45, which forms a portion of the lever 27, is buttressed against body member 47 and provides a rotational torque to the lever so as to maintain the lever in its inactivated position. Side clip 49, which forms a portion of lever 27, journals the bell crank 35 therein. Swing arm 53 is pivoted about pivot point 55 and the lower portion of the swing arm 53 is in contact with the upper portion of the lever 27 When 'the'two are engaged, swing arm 53 will move in response to the movement of lever 27. Further, swing arm 53 will move against the flexible bulb 19 located within the body of the doll. I m

As is shown in FIG. 4, when push rod 29 is depressed, the arm members 51 will rise slightly and the bulb 19 contained within the body of the doll will be compressed. By pressing against the push rod 29, lever 27 moves in a counter-clockwise direction about its pivot point 31. This counter-clockwise movement causes spring means 45 to be compressed and to thereby provide a rotational torque to the lever 27 which will cause into the duct 57. The eye 58 includes a cylindrical projection which is inserted into the ducts 57 to close off the duct. The axial groove 65 is not closed off and it provides the passageway for the fluid to pass from the fluid reservoir to the eyes of the doll. The eyes 58 are arranged to present a perpendicular surface to the longitudinal axis of the axial groove 65 so as to deflect the fluid passing therethrough. The deflection of the fluid in this manner will eliminate the squirting of the fluid away from the face of the doll when the tearing mechanism is activated. ln addition, the small cross-sectional size of the axial groove permits only a small portion of the fluid within the reservoir to be expended during each cycle of operation.

Duct 43 interconnects the mouth'of the doll with the fluid reservoir so as to enable the user toflll the reservoir with fluid. As shown in the cross-sectional view of FIG. 6, the duct 43 extends through the wall of the front section 61 so as to form a second duct 67 which is axially aligned with, and in communication with, duct 43. Cap 69, located at the end of the second duct 67, closes off the duct 43. The cap is made of an elastically displaceable material that will move'axially on the duct- I and to thereby close the second duct. Thus, fluid is prethe lever to return to its Original position. In addition, 7

the counter-clockwise motion of the lever 27 causes the bell crank 55, which is journaled in the side clip 49, to move about its axis causing the arms of the doll to raise. The interaction between the upper portion 59 of the lever 27 and swing arm 53, causes the swing arm to pivot in the clockwise direction'about its pivot point 55. This movement causes the flexible bulb 19 to be compressed and to displace the fluid contained within the bulband the fluid reservoir. The displaced fluid passes from the fluid reservoir, through the duct 57, to the eyes of the doll to'provide and appearance of a doll with tears in its eyes. I

FIG. 5 discloses in greater detail the tearing mechanism and in particular, the relationship of the fluid reservoir 17 with the flexible bulb 19. FIG. 6 shows a cross-section of the apparatus of FIG. 5, The fluid reservoir includes front section 61 and rear section 63 which are suitably joined together so as toforrn a water tight seal therein. Ducts 57 extend away from the front section 61 of the fluid reservoir 17 and are arranged so as to be located at the position of the eyes of the doll. A small axial groove 65 in the duct 57 permits only a small amount of fluid to flow from the fluid reservoir 17 onto the face of the doll when the eye 58 is inserted vented from escaping from the fluid reservoir.

In operation, the flexible bottle 41 is filled with a fluid such as water and is put in contact with the orifice of the duct 43 which is in the mouth of the doll. The bottle 41 is squeezed so as to introduce the fluid into both the fluid reservoir 17 and the flexible bulb 19. Upon the introduction of the fluid, the elastically displaceable cap 69 moves away from the opening of the duct so as to permit the fluid to pass from the second duct 67 into the fluid reservoir. The doll is now ready to operate. v I

When the push rod 29 is moved, the lever 27 pivots in the counter-clockwise,direction about its pivot point 31 and causes the bell crank 35 to partially rotate about its axis of rotation thereby causing the doll to raise its arms. At substantially the same time, the upper portion 59 of the lever 27, which is in contact'with swing arm 53, causes the swing arm 53'to rotate about its pivot point 53in the clockwise direction. This rotation causes the swing arm 53 to compress the flexible bulb.

When the flexible bulb 19 is compressed, it causes the fluid contained within the bulb 19 and the fluid reservoir 17 to exert pressure on the surrounding surfaces. This pressure causes the cap 69'to move against the opening of duct 67 so as to close that duct off and to prevent the escape of fluid through the mouth of the doll. The remaining fluid is moved from the fluid reservoir 17 through the axial groove 65 in the duct 57 so as'to provide the escape of fluid from the duct 57 in the location of the eyes.

It is tobe noted that when the push rod 29 is depressed into the body of the doll, the arms move at substantially the same time that the tearing action begins.

When thepush rod 29 is" released, the rotational torque imparted to the lever 27 by the spring member 45 causes the lever 27 to move in a clockwise direction about its pivot point 31. This in turn causes the swing arm 53 to return to its original position and allows the fluid in the fluid reservoir to refill theflexible bulb l9.

Further, the bell crank 35 returns the arms of the doll to their original position. The dolls operating cycleis complete and the cycle is ready to be repeated again by the movement of push rod 29.

As can be noted from FIGS. 3 through 6, the mechanism in which the fluid is contained that produces the tearing effect is located with the exception of the flexible bulb, in the head of the doll. The flexible bulb passes through the passageway 21 connecting the internal portions of the head with the internal portion of the body and is arranged on the axis of rotation of the head so as to permit the head to be rotated as many times as desired about the body without any damage to the tearing mechanism.

I claim:

1. An improved toy doll of the type which has an individual head, body, legs and arms and which is capable of emitting a fluid from its eyes to produce the effect of a doll shedding tears, said improved toy doll comprising:

a. a fluid reservoir mounted within the head of the doll;

b. a duct connecting the reservoir with openings at the eyes of the doll to produce a passageway for the fluid to move from the fluid reservoir to the eyes of the doll to produce the visual effect of a doll shedding tears;

c. a flexible bulb connected to said reservoir with its interior in communication therewith and extending downwardly from said fluid reservoir and into the body of the doll;

. a lever passing from the outside of the doll into the body of said doll and arranged so that when moved it will compress the bulb and thereby displace the fluid contained within the bulb whereby when said fluid is displaced, the fluid will pass out through the duct to produce a tearing effect;

c. an annular shaped rotatable coupling connecting the head with the body of the doll so as to permit the head to be turned completely about its axis of rotation while providing a passageway interconnecting the interior of the head and body; said bulb being located in said passageway between the head and the body with the longitudinal axis of the bulb substantially aligned with the axis of the rotation of the head, whereby the head may be continuously turned about its axis without damaging the fluid reservoir or bulb and without removing said bulb from a position where it is compressible by said lever.

2. An improved hollow toy tearing doll of the type having a rotatable head with eyes and mouth, a body,

arms, legs and with a tearing mechanism disposed,

within the hollow doll wherein said improvement includes:

a. a stationary fluid reservoir located within the doll including a substantially rigid container portion disposed wholly within the rotatable head and a compressible bulb portion disposed within the body and connected to said rigid container portion;

b. a first duct system interconnecting the fluid reservoir with openings at each eye of the doll;

c. a second duct system including a conduit interconnecting an opening at the mouth of the doll with the interior of said rigid container portion of said fluid reservoir including a tubular portion extending into the interior of said reservoir; I

(1. means in said container portion to allow the ingress of fluid into the fluid reservoir but preclude egress of fluid out of the fluid reservoir through said conduit, said means including a member car-' ried by the tubular portion of said conduit disposed within said reservoir and movable thereon between positions wherein said conduit is opened and closed;

e. compressing means embracing said bulb to expel fluid from the fluid reservoir through the opening at each of the eyes of the doll.

3. The improved toy doll as set forth in claim 2 wherein the first duct system interconnecting the fluid reservoir with the opening at the eye of the doll includes:

a. a first duct, an axial groove in the periphery of the first duct wall parallel to the longitudinal axis of the first duct;

b. an eye including a simulated pupil and a rearwardly extending cylindrical projection, said projection disposed in the duct and positioning the simulated pupil of the doll in proximity to said axial groove to deflect and disperse the fluid passing from the fluid reservoir through the axial groove to the simulated pupil of the doll and provide the appearance of a crying doll.

Patent Citations
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US2811810 *Apr 4, 1955Nov 5, 1957Ostrander Robert KWeeping doll
US2934857 *Feb 17, 1953May 3, 1960Alexander Doll Company IncDoll with rotatable head and liquid reservoir
US3070921 *Jul 6, 1960Jan 1, 1963Ideal Toy CorpTearing mechanism for weeping doll
CA571688A *Mar 3, 1959Toy IdeasCrying dolls
FR819329A * Title not available
FR1110546A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4339889 *Feb 1, 1980Jul 20, 1982Mattel, Inc.Multiple function doll
US4356663 *Feb 8, 1980Nov 2, 1982Marvin Glass & AssociatesCrying doll
US4674989 *Feb 6, 1986Jun 23, 1987Coleco Industries, Inc.Figure toy with simulated leg action and pivoted striking element
US4738649 *Feb 7, 1986Apr 19, 1988Coleco Industries, Inc.Figure toy with punching arm mechanism
US5305918 *Jun 8, 1992Apr 26, 1994D'andrade Bruce MAction figure with the ability to shoot water
US6093078 *Feb 4, 1999Jul 25, 2000Mattel, Inc.Hand held doll simulating skating action
US6793553Feb 12, 2002Sep 21, 2004Mattel, Inc.Compact motion mechanism for an animated doll
US6988928Jun 9, 2004Jan 24, 2006Mattel, Inc.Compact motion mechanism for an animated doll
US7189137May 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Steven EllmanTearing mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US7322874Jun 1, 2005Jan 29, 2008Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or moveable eyes
US7841920Jun 7, 2007Nov 30, 2010Mattel, Inc,Crying toy dolls
US8662955Oct 8, 2010Mar 4, 2014Mattel, Inc.Toy figures having multiple cam-actuated moving parts
WO2002064231A1 *Feb 12, 2002Aug 22, 2002Mattel IncCompact motion mechanism for an animated doll
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/306, 446/392, 446/359
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/24
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/24
European ClassificationA63H3/24