|Publication number||US3769778 A|
|Publication date||Nov 6, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 1, 1971|
|Priority date||Dec 7, 1970|
|Also published as||CA961757A, CA961757A1, DE2160292A1, DE2160292B2, DE2160292C3|
|Publication number||US 3769778 A, US 3769778A, US-A-3769778, US3769778 A, US3769778A|
|Original Assignee||Nordqvist J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (10), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Nordqvist 1! Nov. 6, 1973 1' APPARATUS FOR FORMING A FOIL ENVELOPE AROUND A NUMBER OF BODIES ASSEMBLED INTO A UNIT  Inventor: Jack Nordqvist, Kastellegardsgatan 50 D, Kungalv, Sweden  Filed: Dec. 1, 1971  Appl. No.: 203,549
 Foreign Application Priority Data 3,643,396 2/1972 'Togashi et a]. 53/182 Primary Examiner- -Travis S. McGehee Attorney-Holman & Stern  ABSTRACT A manner of forming a number of bodies into a parallelepipedic unit suitable for handling and transporting, and applies a wrapping to an assembled unit in a weldable foil, which by a movement of the unit in the horizontal plane is first wrapped around three sides of the unit, then welded along the fourth side thereof and finally welded along the fifth and sixth sides to form a closed cover, which possibly may be heat shrunk. The foil originally has a breadth greater than that of the unit, which means that during a preliminary step of the wrapping operation portions of the foil will protrude outside opposite sides of the unit, transversely to the direction of movement thereof. The top parts of these protruding portions must not prematurely fold down along the fifth and the sixth sides, respectively, of the unit because that would block the final steps of the wrapping operation. The aim of the invention is to design the means transporting the unit from one station to an other within the wrapping apparatus in such a manner that parts of the foil are supported, which will facilitate the introduction of expandible fork members required to spread the protruding parts of the foil and prepare same for the final welding operation.
4 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures Patented Nov. 6, 1973 4 Sheets-Sheet l Patented Nov. 6, 1973 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG..?
Inll'll-Illlll .lllllllllllillllllll Patented Nov. 6, 1973 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 III! I6 l I i I I I l I I l I IL I... II I III I 1 I l 7 u Wuun? F I HHHHHH IL..
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The enclosing a number of bodies, assembled into a unit of substantial parallelepipedic shape, in an envelope of weldable plastics foil may in a convenient manner be performed in an apparatus comprising two platforms arranged in the same horizontal plane, means for supporting the foil vertically between the two platforms, the foil primarily having "a greater breadth than that of the unit, means for transferring the unit assembled upon the first platform onto the second platform in such a manner that the foil will be wrapped around three sides of the unit being perpendicular to the direction of movement, first welding means to bring the foil to contact the fourth side of the unit and to weld the ends of the foil together, second welding means to work along the fifth and the sixth sides respectively, of the unit to close the ends of the coverprotruding therefrom, and an expandible fork member mounted at the second platform being designed, prior to the last welding steps, to be introduced into each of the protruding portions of the cover to stretch said portions to narrow slots suited for closure by welding.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The aim of the invention is to design the apparatus in such a manner that the protruding portions of the foil cover will be supported during an intermediate step of the procedure to facilitate the introduction of the fork members. The invention is characterized in that the transferring means includes an open, three sided frame member turned with its open end in the direction of movement and having arms parallel thereto, said arms beingdesigned to carry part of the protruding portions of the foil when the partly wrapped unit has been transferred to the second platform, that a pressure plate mounted above the second platform, having'substantially the same dimensions as the unit, is displaceable towards and away from the second platform to temporarily exert a pressure upon the unit, when the same has been transferred to the second platform, that the expandible fork members aredesigned to be moved to working position while the frame member is still enclosing theunit upon the second platform, and that the arms of the frame member are formed to permit retraction from the second platform while the fork members remain in working position.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS .lV--IV of FIG. 3;.
FIGS. 5 is similar to FIGS. 1 and 3 showing the apparatus during the step where the cover is welded together,
FIG. 6 is a horizontal section on the plane of line V'I Vlof FIG. 5; 1
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a'corner of the unit during a following step of the operation; and
t 2 FIG. 8 shows a vertical section taken on the second platform.
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The apparatus shown in the drawings includes two platforms l0 and 11, respectively, which are arranged at the same level and separated by a small clearance through which a sheet 12 of plastics foil extends and is wound upon two storage rolls, l3 and 14 respectively. The platforms may form parts of conveyors transporting the bodies to the apparatus and the wrapped units away therefrom, respectively.
The first platform 10 has a size suited to receive the required number of bodies and to form a unit thereon. On the present occasion the unit. is intended to consist of rolls of toilet paper, the unit having a base surface defined by 4 X 5 rolls, and with an arbitrary number of such rolls on top of each other. The rolls are placed on the first platform and are formed to a transport unit by means of a frame consisting of a base member 15 and two arms 16 and 17 mounted thereon. These arms are movable towards and away from each other with respect to the base portion 15 by means of pressure fluid operated rams 18, mounted on the base portion and provided with control means not shown here. A wall member 19 is arranged at the end of the first platform, adjacent to the secondplatform and is movable in a vertical plane in such a manner that it, whenbrought down onto the platform, will form a fourth side defining the unit. The frame is displacable in the horizontal plane, parallel to the platforms and as a first step in the operation the base portion is pushed in the direction of the wall member 19, while simultaneously the arms 16 and 17 are moved towards each other. Hereby the-rolls are arranged to form a compact, basically parallelepipedic unit 20, which is to be enclosed in the plastics foil 12. The force exerted on the individual bodies during these arranging movements must of course not be so high that the bodies will be deformed. The stroke of the parts of the frame, as well'as theforce exerted therebymay be varied in suitable manner.
The frame is displacable further in the horizontal plane, sufficient to bring the formedunit 20, after removal of wall member 19, onto the second platform 11. During this displacement the unit will pull along a portion of the plastics foil 12 in such a manner that this portion at first will enclose the, unit 20 along three sides thereof. A pressure plate 2l'is mounted above the second platform 11, and is by means of pressure fluid rams 22, controlled in any suitable manner, displacable towards and away from the unit. The size of the pressure plate substantially corresponds to that of the unit, and when it is-forced downwards it will bring along the sheet of foil to stretch it over the top of the unit.
The pressure plate 21 will retain the bodies within the unit with respect to the second platform 11, to permit the frame 15,16,17 to be withdrawn to the first platform 10, in order that a package can be formed as follows: as is shown in FIG. 5, two welding electrodes 23,
displacable towards and away from each other, are ar ranged between the sheet of plastics foil. 12 and the unit 20, when transferred to the second platform 11. These electrodes are designed in such a mannerthat they will bring the foil downwards along the fourth side of the unit, facing towards platform 10, and to unite the meeting edges of the foil and complete a tubular cover open at its sides. The welding electrodes will sever the cover thus obtained from the sheet of foil, and will simultaneously weld together the adjacent ends of the foil extending from the rolls in such a manner that an unbroken sheet, having a transverse joint 30 shown in FIG. 1, will be formed, ready to recieve the following unit.
The foil originally has a breadth or width which is greater than that of the desired unit, preferably about twice the thickness of the unit, and the cover now obtained will thus have open end portions protruding from opposite sides of the unit. With respect to the following operations it is important, that the upper parts of these protruding portions do not inadvertidly fold down along the fifth and sixth sides of the unit.
FIG. 2 shows how fork members 24, each provided with two arms 25, movable towards and away from each other, are mounted adjacent to the second platform 11 in a position not to prevent a displacement of the unit from the first to the second platform. These fork members are, in the manner shown in FIG. 4, brought into the protruding end portions of the cover during the step shown in FIG. 3. Each arm 16, 17 of the frame includes a U-beam, which is turned with the open side away from the unit. The flanges of the U- beam will keep the portions of the protruding end parts separate, whereby the arms of the fork members may be freely moved towards the unit. When thus the pressure plate 21 has been forced against the unit and retains the same against the second platform, the fork members 24 may be brought to an operating position, and the frame arms l6, 17 can be withdrawn without any hindrance from the fork members. The free ends of the arms 16, 17 are provided with endportions 16a and 17a, respectively, designed to prevent the ends of the arms from cutting through the foil 12. In order to permit the fork member 24, 25 at platform 11 to pass through the end portion 16a, 17a the latter are provided with slots 16b and 17b, respectively.
The welding along the fourth side of the unit can be performed in one step after the retraction of the frame members l6, 17 or in two or more steps, for instance primarily'between the arms of the frame member and at the corners of the sheet to leave openings permitting the retraction of the arms.
When thereafter the arms 25 of the fork members 24 are moved apart the end portions of the cover will be stretched to'be broader that the unit, whereby the opening of the protruding portion will be formed to a narrow slot 26 in the manner best shown in FIG. 7, while simultaneously the material in these portions is brought in close to the sides of the unit. The slots may thereupon be closed by means of two further welding electrodes 27 at each side of the unit, said electrodes being movable towards and away from each other in a vertical plane and forced against the sides of the cover and towards each side of the unit parallel to the direction of displacement whereby the cover will envelop the unit along all sides thereof. The welding seams along the fifth and the sixth side of the unit are preferably located at the same level as the welding seam along the fourth side, i.e. about midway of the heigth of the unit. Together with the seam 30 connecting the severed ends of the foil a reinforcing band will be formed around the unit. The triangular portions 28, which hereby are obtained at each corner may, either manually or by further mechanical means, not shown on the drawing, be folded inwards against one adjacent side of the unit and be bonded or welded thereto.
The size of the components, as well the shape of the arms of the frame and of theforks will have to be chosen with consideration to the bodies to be handled and to the size of the unit desired. The arrangement shown and described thus is one example only of the invention the details of which may be modified in many ways within the frame of the accompanying claims. The foil envelope may advantagously be heat shrunk when the welding operations have been concluded.
1. An apparatus for enclosing a number of bodies, assembled into a unit of substantially parallel-epipedic shape, into an envelope of weldable foil comprising,
first and second platforms arranged in substantially the same horizontal plane and means for supporting a sheet of foil vertically between the two platforms, the foil primarily having a breadth bigger than that of the unit,
means including an open, three sided frame member turned with its open side in the direction of movement and having arms parallel thereto for transferring a unit assembled upon the first platform onto the second platform in such a manner that the foil will be wrapped around three sides of the unit being perpendicular to the direction of movement, said arms being provided with at least one outwardly directed flange designed to carry part of the protruding portions of the foil when the partly wrapped unit has been transferred to the second platform,
a pressure plate of substantially the same dimension as the unit mounted above the second platform and cooperating with means to move the plate towards and away from the second platform to temporarily exert a sufficient pressure uponthe unit to retain it upon the second platform,
first welding means to tighten the foil along a fourth side of the unit and to weld the ends of the foil together,
second welding means to work along the fifth and the sixth sides'of the unit, respectively, to close the ends of the cover protruding therefrom, and
two expandible fork members mounted at opposite sides of the second platform and designed to be introduced into the protruding portions of the foil while the frame member is still enclosing the unit upon the second platform and before the first welding operation along the fourth side of the unit is terminated, the arms of the frame member being designed to permit retraction from the second platform, while the fork members remain in working position to thereafter stretch the protruding portions of the foil to narrow slots suited for closure by welding.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1, in which the arms of the frame member is each formed as a beam having a basically U-shaped cross section and being turned with its open side away from the unit, the cooperating fork member being designed to operate between the legs of the U, when brought to working position.
3. The apparatus according to claim 2 in which each U-shaped beam, in order to prevent damage to the foil during the movement of the frame member towards the second platform, at its free end, is provided with an end plate having a' slot for permitting the passage of a form member.
4. The apparatus according to claim 1 in which the arms of the frame member include means for moving them in direction towards and away from each other in order to permit compression of the unit to be enclosed in the foil.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3481107 *||Jan 11, 1967||Dec 2, 1969||Wetterberg Erik Ernst Waldemar||Machine for wrapping a group of containers such as cans in material of foil type|
|US3643396 *||May 8, 1970||Feb 22, 1972||Ikegai Iron Works Ltd||Method and apparatus for wrapping an article|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7356978||Dec 19, 2006||Apr 15, 2008||Tissue Machinery Company S.P.A.||Method for producing a pack for groups of products and machine for implementing said method|
|US7886502 *||May 21, 2008||Feb 15, 2011||Sealed Air Corporation (Us)||Packaging machine|
|US8033081||Jan 14, 2011||Oct 11, 2011||Sealed Air Corporation (Us)||Packaging machine|
|US20070137145 *||Dec 19, 2006||Jun 21, 2007||Dall Omo Davide||Method for producing a pack for groups of products and machine for implementing said method|
|US20080209866 *||Apr 10, 2008||Sep 4, 2008||Dall Omo Davide||Method for producing a pack for groups of products and machine for implementing said method|
|US20090126319 *||May 21, 2008||May 21, 2009||Sealed Air Corporation (Us)||Packaging Machine and Method|
|US20100313523 *||Dec 16, 2010||Seelen A/S||Compression plate|
|US20110107725 *||May 12, 2011||Sealed Air Corporation (Us)||Packaging Machine|
|EP1801012A1 *||Dec 20, 2006||Jun 27, 2007||Tissue Machinery Company S.p.A.||Method for producing a pack for groups of products and machine for implementing said method|
|EP2256044A1 *||May 29, 2009||Dec 1, 2010||Seelen A/S||Compression plate|
|International Classification||B65B9/00, B65B9/02|