|Publication number||US3770601 A|
|Publication date||Nov 6, 1973|
|Filing date||Jun 29, 1972|
|Priority date||Jul 3, 1971|
|Also published as||CA958758A, CA958758A1, DE2230750A1, DE2230750B2|
|Publication number||US 3770601 A, US 3770601A, US-A-3770601, US3770601 A, US3770601A|
|Inventors||Coenen R, Collaris M, Maan C|
|Original Assignee||Philips Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [1 1 Maan eta]; 1 1 Nov. 6, 1973 METHOD OF ELECTROCOATING A HEATING MEMBER WITH A  U.S. Cl 204/181, 117/231, 117/218 DARK.COLOURED INSULATING LAYER  int. CL; B0lk 5/02; C23b 13/00 AND HEATIN MEMBER FOR AN  Field Of Search 204/18]; 1 17/231, INDIRECTLY HEATED CATHODE "7/218 MANUFA TURE C BY SAID M  References Cited  Inventors. Cornelis Man; Man: Antonius UNITED STATES PATENTS Alphonsus Andreas Collarls; Renter 2 800 446 7/1957 Fredenbur h 204/18] g i 3,024,184 3/l962 Bowes et al 204/181 Emmasmgel, Elndhoven, Netherlands Primary Examiner-Howard S. Williams  Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation, New York, Attorney-Frank R. Trifari NY. 22 Filed: June 29, 1972  ABSTRACT A black second layer containing xylene, petrol and  APP! 267,577 tungsten powder is provided on an unsintered first insulating layer of aluminium oxide and polyvinyl acetate  Foreign Application priority Dam of a filament of an indirectly heated cathode.
July 3, 1971 Netherlands 7109224 4 Claims, No Drawings METHOD OF ELECTROCOATING A HEATING MEMBER WITH A DARK-COLOURED INSULATING LAYER AND HEATING MEMBER FOR AN INDIRECTLY HEATED CATHODE MANUFACTURED BY SAID METHOD The invention relates to a method of covering a heating member for an indirectly heated cathode with an insulating layer which is dark-coloured at the surface, in which adark-coloured layer is provided on an unsintered insulating layer after which both layers are simultaneously heated and sintered. The invention furthermore relates to a heating member manufactured by means of said method.
It is known from German Patent Specification 1,281,038 to provide a dark-colouredtungstic acidfication 1,355,710 to provide a black zirconium oxidecontaining layer on an unsintered aluminium oxide layer and to add collodium to both layers as a binder. In this known method, the two layers were simultaneously sintered. I
It has been found, however, that the known exhibit drawbacks, since the adhesion of the layers often is not sufficient so that they break or work loose if the heating wire in the further processing is bent, while the solvent of the dark layer can also partly dissolve the binderv of the previously provided insulating layer, so that the lower layer can be damaged, while the parts of the dark layer, usually consisting of metal, can penetrate into the insulating layer as a result of which the insulation resistance becomes smaller.
A very favourable method of covering a heating member for an indirectly heated cathode with an insulating layer which is coloured dark at the surface, in which a dark-coloured second layer is provided on an unsintered first insulating layer consisting of a suitable metal oxide and a binder, after which both layers are simultaneously heated and sintered, is obtained, if according to the invention, the metal oxide and the binder of the first layer are both provided electrophoretically on the heating wire, after which on said first layer is provided a second layer of a suspension containing a darkcoloured material anda suitable metal oxide in a finely divided condition, a solution of a binder, a solvent for the binder present in the first layer, and a material which hampers the action of said solvent on the binder in the first layer.
The first layer may consist of an oxide of aluminium, magnesium or beryllium with polyvinyl acetate as a binder, which materials are both provided by electrophoresis from methanol on a filament which, for exammethods ple, is helically wound. On this first layer a darkcoloured second layer is provided consisting of a suspension containing:
600 g of A1203 powder (particle size smaller than 8 900 g of tunsten powder (average particle size 1.5
to 3 u) 410 ml of polymetacrylate solution (400 g of polymetacrylate in 1000 ml of petrol of boiling point between 100C and 140C 700 ml of xylene,
1100 ml of petrol (having a boiling range between 100 and 140C). The petrol prevents the xylene from attacking the binder of the first layer too considerably, as a result of which the first layer would soften and mixing and damage of the layers could occur. A certain action, however, is necessary to obtain a good adhesion between the first layer and the dark second layer. The ratio of the quantities of petrol and xylene may be between 7 :3
and 1:1. A suitable valugisjzZ. V, 1
If no xylene is added, a poor adhesion occurs between the layers; if too much xylene is added, the first layer softens and mixing and damage of the layers can occur.
The particle size distribution of the metal oxide present in the suspension for the dark-coloured second layer preferably is: 14 percent smaller than 1 u, 100% smaller than 8 iii stead ofthe aluminium oxide, the oxide of thorium (ThO beryllium (BeO), zirconium (ZrO,) or magnesium (MgO) may be used in said suspension.
What is claimed is:
l. A method of covering a heating member for an indirectly heated cathode with an insulating layer which is dark coloured at the surface, in which a darkcoloured second layer is provided on an unsintered first insulating layer consisting of a suitable metal oxide and a binder, after which both layers are simultaneously heated and sintered, characterized in that the metal oxide and the binder of the first layer are both provided electrophoretically on a heating wire, after which on said first layer is provided a second layer of a suspension containing a dark-coloured material and a suitable metal oxide in a finely divided condition, a solution of a binder, a solvent for the binder present in the first layer, and a material which hampers the action of said solvent on the binder of the first layer.
2. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the binder of the first layer consists of polyvinyl acetate, the solvent for said binder present in the second layer is xylene and the material which hampers the action of the xylene on the polyvinyl acetate is petrol havn bio ins g as ssn 0 and 0 3. Ameth od as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the volume ratio of the quantities of petrol and xylene lies between 7:1 and 1:1 and preferably is 3:2.
' A I A heating rnernber comprising a first insulating layer and a dark second layer provided by means of the method as claimed in claim 1.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2800446 *||Jul 27, 1953||Jul 23, 1957||Rca Corp||Electron emissive coating material and method of application|
|US3024184 *||Sep 29, 1958||Mar 6, 1962||Sylvania Electric Prod||Electrophoretic article coating machine|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4077806 *||Oct 2, 1975||Mar 7, 1978||The Richardson Company||Light sensitive composition and products thereof|
|US4789309 *||Dec 7, 1987||Dec 6, 1988||Saes Getters Spa||Reinforced insulated heater getter device|
|US4983420 *||Sep 20, 1989||Jan 8, 1991||U.S. Philips Corporation||Method of applying a thermally black layer to a heating member for an indirectly heated cathode|
|EP0364018A1 *||Sep 25, 1989||Apr 18, 1990||Philips Electronics N.V.||Method of applying a thermally black layer to a heating member for an indirectly heated cathode|
|U.S. Classification||219/209, 204/486, 204/490, 219/200|