Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3772532 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 13, 1973
Filing dateAug 4, 1972
Priority dateJan 26, 1970
Also published asDE2103544A1
Publication numberUS 3772532 A, US 3772532A, US-A-3772532, US3772532 A, US3772532A
InventorsBudilov B, Petrov J, Zaitsev A
Original AssigneeBudilov B, Petrov J, Zaitsev A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors
US 3772532 A
Abstract
In an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors using pulse transformers, the primary windings of the pulse transformers are series-connected via blocking capacitors and in parallel with series-connected thyristors. The secondary windings of the same transformers are connected between the gate and cathode of the respective thyristors. One end of the network formed by the primary windings of the transformers is connected to the common anode of the group of thyristors, while the other end terminates in a control switch operating at the recurrence frequency of the signal triggering the thyristors.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Petrov et al.

[ Nov. 13, 1973 APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUS TRIGGERING OF SERIES-CONNECTED THYRISTORS Omskaya, l3, kv. 60; Boris Alexandrovich Budilov, 2 Murinsky prospekt, 3, kv. 30; Anatoly Danilovich Zaitsev, Grazhdansky prospekt, 31, korpus 3, kv. 4 Leningrad, U.S.S.R.

Inventors: Jury Ivanovich Petrov, ulitsa 7, all of [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,267,290 8/1966 Diebold 307/252 L 3,573,484 4/1971 Engroff 307/252 L 3,599,075 8/1971 Etter et al. 307/252 L Primary Examiner.lohn Zazworsky AttorneyHolman & Stern [57] ABSTRACT In an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of seriesconnected thyristors using pulse transformers, the primary windings of the pulse transformers are seriesconnected via blocking capacitors and in parallel with series-connected thyristors. The secondary windings of the same transformers are connected between the gate and cathode of the respective thyristors. One end of the network formed by the primary windings of the transformers is connected to the common anode of the group of thyristors, while the other end terminates in a control switch operating at the recurrence frequency of the signal triggering the thyristors.

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures 37 33 Well- 219 29 WW WW APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUS TRIGGERING F SERIES-CONNECTED TI'IYRISTORS This is a Continuation of application Ser. No. 107711, filed Jan. I9, 1971, and now abandoned.

The present invention relates to an improvement in an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of seriesconnected thyristors and may be used, for example, in H.T. pulse modulators and oscillators.

In the prior art, there is an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors, utilizing energy furnished by an auxiliary trigger-signal source and applied to the gates of the thyristors by pulse transformers.

In this prior-art apparatus, the primary windings of the transformers are connected in series via blocking capacitors. Each network formed by the primary winding of the transformer and its, blocking capacitor is connected via a resistor in parallel with the respective thyristor. The secondary windings of the pulse transformers are connected via dropping resistors between the gate and cathode of the respective thyristors and by-passed by diodes. The positive side of the triggersignal source is connected to the center tap of the network formed by the primary windings of the transformers, and the negative side of the same trigger-signal source is connected via additional blocking capacitors to the extreme points of the same network.

A major disadvantage of this prior-art apparatus is the need to use a trigger-signal source with a power output many times the power required to trigger a single thyristor, and has to be further increased with increasing number of series-connected thyristors.

Another disadvantage is the need to provide H.T. isolation between the series-connected thyristors'and the trigger-signal source.

A further disadvantage is that some of the thyristors operate under adverse conditions for the reason that the discharge current of the blocking capacitors induces negative pulses in the gates of these thyristors. I

It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of seriesconnected thyristors, using trigger signals of a power which is considerably smaller than that of the prior-art apparatus and which is independent of the number of thyristors to be triggered.

Another object of the present invention is to ensure optimum operating conditions for all the thyristors.

With these and other objects in view, the present invention resides in an apparatus for simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors, comprising as many pulse transformers as there are thyristors, the secondary windings of which are connected between the gate and cathode of the respective thyristors, and the primary windings are connected in series via blocking capacitors into a network one end of which is connected to the common anode of a group of thyristors and in parallel with that group, in which according to the invention, the other end of the network formedby the primary windings of the transformers and the blocking capacitors terminates in a controlled switch operating at the recurrence frequency of the thyristortriggering signals and arranged so that the voltage drop across the switch when it is in OFF state is not less than the total voltage applied to the network of the primary windings of the transformer to induce in the secondaries current pulses sufficient to trigger the thyristors.

With this arrangement of the pulse-transformer primaries, the thyristors are triggered by the charging current of the blocking capacitors, produced by a redistribution of potential in the trigger circuit when the switch changes to the ON (conducting) state, which fact makes the power of the trigger-signal source independent of the number of series-connected thyristors, reduces the required power of the trigger-pulse source, creates optimum conditions for operation of all thyristors and makes unnecessary any H.T. isolation between the series-connected thyristors and the triggersignal source.

The controlled switch referred to may be built around an H.T. transistor whose collector is connected to the primary winding of a transformer, whose emitter is earthed, and the base circuit of which accepts trigger pulses which drive the switch transistor into conduction, while connected in parallel with the transistor is a resistor bypassed by a series RC-network, and the blocking capacitors are bypassed by resistors.

As an alternative, the controlled switch may be built around a thyristor whose anode is connected to the primary winding of a transformer, whose cathode is earthed, and the gate of which accepts trigger signal driving the switch thyristor into conduction, while connected in parallel with the thyristor is a resistor bypassed by a series RC-network, and the blocking capacitors are by-passed by resistors.

The invention will be more fully understood from the following description of a preferred embodiment when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. I is a circuit schematic diagram of an apparatus of the present invention for simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors;

FIG. 2 shows connection of a transistor used as the controlled element of a switch;

FIG. 3 shows connection of a thyristor used as the controlled element of a switch.

Referring to FIG. I, there is an apparatus for the simultaneous triggering of series-connected thyristors, comprising pulse transformers I, 2, 3, and 4, the primary windings 5 of which are connected in series via blocking capacitors 6, 7, and 8 bypassed by resistors 9, IO, and II. The secondary winding I2 of the transformers I through 4 are connected each between the cathode and gate one of the series-connected thyristors [3, I4, I5, and I6, respectively. Connected in series with the secondary windings I2 of the transformers I through 4 are resistors I7, I8, I9, and 20. The windings I2 are bypassed by diodes 2I, 22, 23, and 24. At one of its ends the network of the primary windings 5 of the transformers is connected to the anode of the thyristor 13 which is, in this case, the common anode for the group of thyristors I3 through I6.

The other end of this network terminates in a control switch 25 operating at the recurrence frequency of the signals triggering the thyristors 13 through 16 and coming from an external source (not shown in the diagram). This switch 25 is arranged so that in its off" state, it has a sufficiently high resistance and in its on" state it has a sufficiently low resistance, as a result of which, voltage drops at the switch 25 when it is switched on, and the potential is redistributed in the triggering circuit and the voltage rises across the capacitors 6, 7 and 8, causing the charging current of the capacitors 6, 7 and 8 to flow in the primary winding 5 of the transformers l, 2, 3 and 4. This induces in the secondary winding 12 of the transformers l, 2, 3 and 4 current pulses which are supplied to the gate of the thyristors 13, 14,15 and 16 and puts the thyristors in an open state simultaneously.

The controlled element of the switch referred to may be a relay, a vacuum valve, a transistor, or a thyristor. If a semiconductor device is used as this controlled element of the switch, it is preferable to bypass the blocking capacitors 6 through 8 with resistors 9 through II (as shown in FIG.I).

The transformers I through 4, the blocking capacitors 6 through 8, the bypass and dropping resistors 9 through II and I7 through 20, the diodes 2I through 24, and the switch 25 form the trigger circuit.

To improve the operating conditions for the thyristors I3 through I6 and to enhance the reliability of the apparatus disclosed herein as a whole, it may be extended to incorporate a steady-state voltage divider made up by resistors 26 through 29 connected in parallel with each thyristor I3 through I6 respectively, and a reconvery-voltage divider made up by the RC- networks connected in parallel with each thyristor I3 through I6 and respectively comprising resistors 30 through 33 and capacitors 34 through 37.

Connection of an H.T. transistor 38 of the n-p-n type as the controlled element of the switch is shown in The collector 39 of the transistor 38 is connected to the primary winding of the transformer 4, the emitter 40 is earthed, and the base 4I is connected to an external trigger-signal source. Connected in parallel with the transistor 38 is a resistor 42 bypassed by a series RC- network consisting of a resistor 43 and a capacitor 44. Thus, the controlled switch comprises a combination of a transistor, a resistor and an RC-network.

Connection of a thyristor 45 as the controlled element of a switch is shown in F103.

The anode 46 of the thyristor 45 is connected to the primary winding 5 of the transformer 4, the cathode is earthed, and the gate 48 is connected to an external trigger-signal source. Connected in parallel with the thyristor 45 is a resistor 49 bypassed by a series RC- network comprising a resistor 50 and a capacitor 5I. Thus, the switch is formed by a combination of a thyristor, a resistor, and an RC-network.

Consider operation of the apparatus disclosed herein when the controlled element of the switch is the thyristor 38.

Originally, the trigger circuit is at a potential equal to that at the anode of the thyristor I3. The voltage applied to the trigger circuit (equal to the voltage across the series-connected thyristors I3 through I6) is partitioned between the capacitors 6 through 8 and SI in proportion to the resistances of their bypass resistors 9 II and 49. The voltage across the thyristor 45 is determined by the resistance of the resistor 49. When a trigger pulse is applied to the gate 48 of the thyristor 45, the latter jumps into the ON state, that is, to a highconductance state. The capacitor 5I begins to discharge through the thyristor 45 and the dropping resistor 50. Just as this happens, the potential of the trigger circuit is re-distributed so that the capacitors 6 through 8 come by a higher potential. This potential redistribution gives rise to a current in the trigger circuit, which charges the capacitors 6 through 8 and, on traversing the primary windings 5 of the pulse transformers I through 4, induces in their secondary windings I2 current pulses which are simultaneous applied to the gates of the thyristors I3 through I6 and drive them to the ON (conducting) state.

Since the trigger signal has to actuate only one switch, the power of the trigger-signal source may be only a small fraction of that of the prior-art apparatus; and since no power current traverses the switch, its

controlled element may be one with a low current rating.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for simultaneous triggering of a plurality of series-connected thyristors, comprising in combination: a plurality of series-connected thyristors forming an anode-end terminal and a cathode-end terminal, and as many pulse transformers as there are thyristors, each of said pulse transformers having a primary winding, and a secondary winding connected between the cathode and the gate of a respective thyristor; blocking capacitors connected between said primary windings of said pulse transformers; a control switch means having an anode terminal, a cathode terminal and a controlled input terminal, said primary windings of said pulse transformers and the interposed blocking capacitors being connected to form a continuous series circuit, one end of which is connected to said anode-end terminal of said series-connected thyristors and the other end is connected to said anode-terminal of said switch means whose cathode terminal is connected to said cathode-terminal of said seriesconnected thyristors.

2. An apparatus as claimed in claim I, in which, said control switch means comprises a transistor, one of whose main electrodes, Le, a collector, is connected to said anode terminal of said switch means, the other main electrode, or emitter, is connected to said cathode terminal of said switch means and earthed, and the base of said transistor is connected to said control input terminal of said switch means, said transistor being connected in parallel with a resistor which is shunted by a series-RC circuit, said blocking capacitors between said primary windings of the pulse transformers being shunted by resistors.

3. An apparatus as claimed in claim I, in which said control switch means comprises a thyristors whose anode is connected to said anode terminal of said switch means, the cathode of said thyristor being connected to said cathode terminal of said switch means, and the gate of said thyristor being connected to said control input terminal of said switch means, said thyristor being connected in parallel with a resistor which is shunted by a series-RC circuit, said blocking capacitors between said primary windings of said pulse transformer being shunted by resistors.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3267290 *Nov 5, 1962Aug 16, 1966Int Rectifier CorpSeries connected controlled rectifiers fired by particular-pulse generating circuit
US3573484 *Aug 6, 1968Apr 6, 1971Bell Telephone Labor IncPulse circuit
US3599075 *Nov 4, 1969Aug 10, 1971Bbc Brown Boveri & CieProtections circuit for series connected solid state valves
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3938026 *Nov 4, 1974Feb 10, 1976Siemens AktiengesellschaftCircuit for the simultaneous ignition of a plurality of thyristors
US4242594 *Mar 16, 1979Dec 30, 1980General Atomic CompanySwitch arrangement
US4302651 *Jun 21, 1979Nov 24, 1981Varo Semiconductor, Inc.High-voltage SCR circuit for microwave oven and the like
US4337404 *Dec 20, 1979Jun 29, 1982Asea AktiebolagApparatus for firing series-connected thyristors
US4346308 *Dec 11, 1978Aug 24, 1982Hewlett-Packard CompanyDC Switching circuit with current through resistive load below holding current of triac strings to charge capacitive load to predetermined potentials
US4431960 *Nov 6, 1981Feb 14, 1984Fdx Patents Holding Company, N.V.Current amplifying apparatus
US4464585 *Aug 22, 1983Aug 7, 1984Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaGate circuit of gate turn-off thyristor
US4750100 *Jun 6, 1986Jun 7, 1988Bio-Rad LaboratoriesTransfection high voltage controller
US4816891 *Jan 9, 1987Mar 28, 1989Handotai Kenkyu ShinkokaiOptically controllable static induction thyristor device
US7450689Oct 4, 2007Nov 11, 2008General Electric CompanyX-ray apparatus
DE3718941A1 *Jun 5, 1987Feb 4, 1988Bio Rad LaboratoriesVorrichtung und verfahren zur einleitung von hochspannungsstroemen in eine chemische loesung
Classifications
U.S. Classification327/471
International ClassificationH03K17/72, H02M1/088, H03K3/00, H03K17/723, H03K3/57
Cooperative ClassificationH03K17/723, H03K3/57, H02M1/088
European ClassificationH03K3/57, H02M1/088, H03K17/723