US 3772551 A
A cathode ray tube system having a source of electrons and a phosphor screen. A michrochannel plate having secondary emissive surfaces is positioned in the cathode ray tube so that the source of electrons is directed towards the microchannel plate. Output electrons from the microchannel plate are directed towards the reduced cross-sectional end of a magnification tube interposed between the microchannel plate and the phosphor screen which is at the enlarged end of the magnification tube. The resulting structure allows a reduced cross-sectional area microchannel plate to be used in the cathode ray tube system. Alternatively, the system may be manufactured of two envelopes with the first envelope containing the source of electrons which is directed to the microchannel plate. Electrons are then directed from the microchannel plate towards a phosphor screen adjacent thereto and light energy from the phosphor screen transmitted to a fiber optic structure at the end of the first envelope. A second fiber optic structure in the second envelope is adjacent the first fiber optic structure. Light emanating intothe fiber optic structure then appears at a photosensitive device adjacent the second fiber optic structure. The photosensitive device emits electrons into a magnitication tube in the second envelope which are directed towards a phosphor screen in the other end of the second envelope.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Grant Nov. 13, 1973 CATHODE RAY TUBE SYSTEM Inventor: John M. Grant, Granada Hills,
Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner-Darwin R. Hostetter Attorney-C. Cornell Remsen, Jr. et al.
[ 57] ABSTRACT A cathode ray tube system having a source of elec- P an P $Ph9.9 ..-.A.WE EIQFPQIQQLPE having secondary emissive surfaces is positioned in the cathode ray tube so thatthe source ot electrons is directed towards the microchannel plate. Output electrons from the microchannel plate are directed towards the reduced cross-sectional end of a magnification tube interposed between the microchannel plate and the phosphor screen which is at the enlarged end of the magnification tube. The resulting structure allows a reduced cross-sectional area microchannelplate to be used in the cathode ray tube system. Alternatively, the system may bemanufactured of two envelopes with the first envelope containing the source of electrons which is directed to the microchannel plate. Electrons are then directed from the microchannel plate towards a phosphor screen adjacent thereto and light energy from the phosphor screen transmitted to a fiber optic structure at the end of the first envelope. A second fiber optic structure in the second envelope is adjacent the first fiber optic structure. Light emanating intothe fiber optic structure then appears at a photosensitive device adjacent the second fiber optic structure. The photosensitive device emits electrons into a magnitication tube in the second envelope which are directed towards a phosphor screen in the other end of the second envelope.
3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures CATHODE RAY TUBE SYSTEM The invention relates in general to cathode ray tube systems and more particularly to electro-optical brightener intensifiers for use in a cathode ray tube.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In conventional cathode ray tubes the output brightness display of a fast response tube is determined by the beam current density falling on the phosphor and the energy at which that beam is delivered. The density of the electron beam is normally determined by the perveance, P, of the electron gun. The perveance is normally defined by the formula P I/V where:
I is the electron gun beam current; and
V is the accelerating voltage.
It will be noted that higher beam densities, of course, imply higher voltages. The higher voltage, in turn, results in the stiffness of the beam, that is, more power is required for deflection.
In prior art devices, which have been utilized to obtain greater brightness in a cathode ray tube, it has been suggested to position an electron multiplier in the vicinity of the phosphor screen. The electron multiplier produces electron gain, and the beam requirements to produce an output display are substantially reduced. However, by placing the electron multiplier in proximity with the phosphor screen, it has been found that the large electron multiplier results in an uneconomical device, as a large electron multiplier device is required.
In order to overcome the attendant disadvantages of prior art high output brightness display systems, the present invention provides a high output brightness display which does not require high voltages in the cathode ray tube. Thus, a minimum of power is required for deflection of the electron beam produced by the electron gun of the cathode-ray tube. Further, an electron multiplier is so positioned in the tube that its size is a minimal size and can be produced economically. Moreover, the present invention produces a relatively high output brightness display while a minimum of power is required to deflect the electron beam of the cathode ray tube.
The advantages of the invention, both as to its construction and mode of operation, will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like referenced numerals designate like parts throughout the figures.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings there is shown a cathode ray gun 12 which is positioned at one end 14 of an evacuated envelope 16. Electrons emitted from the gun 12 are deflected by means of a magnetic deflection coil 18 so that they will travel towards a window 22 having a phosphor surface 24 thereon.
Positioned adjacent the phosphor surface 24, between the gun 12 and the surface 24 is a microchannel plate 26. The microchannel plate is of conventional design and may be of the type described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,260,876. The electron beam scans the microchannel plate and the electrons are amplified by the microchannel plate. The microchannel plate is positioned sufficiently close to the phosphor surface 24 so that as the amplified electrons leave the microchannel plate, they are proximity focused on the phosphor surface. The microchannel plate and the surface 24 are normally biased in the manner taught by the aforementioned patent. Thus, the electron beam is amplified by the microchannel plate, and the beam density required to produce the desired display brightness need not be as great as when the microchannel plate is not utilized.
As can readily be seen in the embodiment of FIG. 1, the microchannel plate size is almost the same dimensions as the window 22. While the system of FIG. 1 reduces the need for large voltages to obtain the desired brightness, it has been found that large microchannel plates needed for such systems are expensive so that the entire cost of the cathode ray tube becomes noncompetitive.
Referring now to FIG. 2, there is shown an alternative embodiment of a cathode ray oscilloscope containing a microchannel plate. In FIG. 2, the microchannel plate 32 is much smaller than the phosphor coated window 34 of an envelope 36, and is positioned closer to the deflection coil 38.
A focusing cone 42 is positioned between the microchannel plate 32 and the window 34. The end 44 of the cone 42 is of approximately the same inner dimensions as the plate 32 and diverges outwardly to the other end 46 adjacent the window 34 and is approximately the same size as the window. The cone 42 can be determined from existing electro-optic designs. An applicable design is used in the Delft magnification tube manufactured by Aerojet-General Corporation.
Electrons from a cathode ray gun 48 produce a dir ectional electron beam which is deflected by coils 36 so that the point of impact moves along the microchannel plate 32. The electrons are multiplied by the microchannel plate 32 and exit the channels of the plate toward the window 34. The cone 42 focuses the electrons on the phosphor window 34, thus in effect, magnifying or enlarging the electron pattern on the output side of the microchannel plate.
Referring now to FIG. 3, there is shown an alternative embodiment of the device of FIG. 2, wherein a pair of envelopes is joined to form a cathode ray tube system. The first envelope 62 contains a cathode ray gun 64 at one end of the tube. The electron beam from the gun is deflected by magnetic deflection coils 66 with the electron beam point of impact being a microchannel plate 68. The amplified electrons then impinge on a phosphor screen 72 positioned on one side of a fiber optic output window 74. The other side of the window 74 has formed thereon, the end surface 76 of the envelope 62. The envelope is generally cylindrical in shape and the microchannel plate 68 and fiber optic output window 74 both are slightly smaller than the inner dimension of the envelope 62.
A second envelope 82 has an input end 84 of approximately equal cross-sectional dimensions as the envelope 62 and a diverging output envelope cone 86 extending therefrom. The input end 84 of the envelope 82 abuts the end surface 76 of the envelope 62 and contains a fiber optic input window 88 similar to the window 74 in envelope 62. The window 88 contains a photocathode 92 at its end adjacent the cone 86. At the enlarged output end of the envelope 82 a phosphor surface 94 may be coated thereon. A focusing cone 96 of the Delft magnification tube type as described in FIG. 2 is mounted on the envelope cone portion 86.
In operation, electrons from the gun are amplified by the microchannel plate 68 and impinge on the phosphor screen 72. Light from the screen 72 is transmitted through the fiber optic output window 74 which normally may be formed to a plurality of light guiding fibers. The light signal is then transmitted to the window 88. The light from the window 88 impinges on the photocathode 92. Photocathode 92 in turn emits electrons which enter the focusing cone 96 and a magnified output appears on the phosphor screen 94. It should be understood, of course, the elements of the system must be correctly biased so as to enable the electrons to travel from the gun 64 to the screen 94.
What is claimed is:
1. A cathode ray tube system comprising:
a magnification tube having a first longitudinal section of reduced cross-sectional area and a second section of enlarged cross-sectional area;
a source of electrons at one end of said first section and a first phosphor screen at the opposite end of said second section;
a microchannel plate having secondary-emissive surfaces in the channels for multiplying electrons from said source, said microchannel plate being positioned within the other end of said first section;
electromagnetic deflection means around said first section between said electron source and microchannel plate for scanning electrons across said microchannel plate; and
conical electron focusing means in said second section extending outwardly from the reduced to the enlarged cross-sectional area between said microchannel plate and screen for focusing and directing multiplied electrons onto said screen to provide an enlarged image of increased brightness.
2. The cathode ray tube system in accordance with claim 1 further comprising fiber optic means adjacent said other end of said first section interposed between said microchannel plate and said other end, a second phosphor screen on one side of said fiber optic means facing said microchannel plate, and a photoemissive surface on the other side of said fiber optic means at said other end.
3. The cathode ray tube system in accordance with claim 2 wherein said magnification tube includes two adjacent longitudinal tubular envelopes having adjacent ends of reduced cross-sectional areas, said fiber optic means includes a first and second fiber optic device positioned adjacent each other in respective adjacent ends of said tubular envelopes, said first envelope containing said source of electrons, said microchannel plate, said second phosphor screen and said first fiber device, and said second envelope including said second fiber optic device and said photoemissive surface in said reduced cross-sectional area and said focusing means and said first phosphor screen in said enlarged area.