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Publication numberUS3773208 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1973
Filing dateOct 27, 1970
Priority dateOct 27, 1970
Publication numberUS 3773208 A, US 3773208A, US-A-3773208, US3773208 A, US3773208A
InventorsCurry J
Original AssigneePhoenix Closures Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container and closure combination
US 3773208 A
Abstract
This disclosure relates to a container of thermoformed plastic material having a metallic closure, the closure being of a conventional construction and including a channel terminating in a relatively rigid peripheral skirt, the container having a body terminating at an upper end portion in a bead having a peripheral skirt normally disposed upon the upper end portion of the container body, and the peripheral skirt of the closure being of an internal diameter less than the predetermined maximum diameter of the container peripheral skirt whereby the container body peripheral skirt is deflected inwardly by the closure peripheral skirt to a diameter less than the predetermined maximum diameter thus increasing the firctional purchase between contacting surface portions of the peripheral skirt due to the inherent tendency of the resilient container peripheral skirt to rebound radially outwardly toward its predetermined maximum diameter. In addition, the container peripheral skirt includes an exterior surface formed with circumferentially spaced axially extending lands and valleys, and being constructed from pressure-deformable material whereby the lands are depressed at the contacting surface portions of the skirts as the container peripheral skirt rebounds toward its normal position thus producing a "self-threading" or "self-locking" feature of the invention.
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O Umted States Patent 3,773,208

Curry 5] Nov. 20, 1973 [54] I g CLOSURE FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS C INATIO 650,162 9/1928 France 220/43 R [75] Inventor: John J. Curry, Westchester, Ill. [73] Assignee: Phoenix Closures, Inc., Chicago, Primary Lowrence L Assistant ExaminerJames R. Garrett Attorney-Diller, Brown, Ramik and Holt [22] Filed: Oct. 27, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 84,349 [57] ABSTRACT This disclosure relates to a container of thermoformed [52] US, Cl, 220/43 R, 220/42 A, 220/42 C plastic material having a metallic closure, the closure [51] Int. Cl B65d 43/04 being of a conventional construction and including a 58 Field of Search 220/42 A, 43, 42 c, channel terminating in a relatively rigid Peripheral 220/39 R, 40 R; 229/43, 55, 93; 150/ 5 skirt, the container having a body terminating at an upper end portion in a bead having a peripheral skirt [56] R f n Cit d normally disposed upon the upper end portion of the UNITED STATES PATENTS container body, and the peripheral skirt of the closure 2,780,385 2/1957 Tupper 220 43 R being dameter less the prfadeter 3,032,927 5,1962 Kobs 22O/42 C X m ned maximum diameter of the conta ner peripheral 3,351,227 11/1967 collieum 220/6o R skirt whereby the container body penpheral skirt 18 3,422,984 1/1969 poster 220/60 R x deflected inwardly by the closure peripheral skirt to a 3,609,263 9 1971 clementim 220 0 R diameter less than the predetermined maximum diam- 3,128,005 4/1964 Sherlock 220/39 R eter thus increasing the firctional purchase between 3,336,611 1968 Crute 220/40 R contacting surface portions of the peripheral skirt due 1,762,310 RUIk OWSkl 229/43 to the inherent tendency of the resilient container pe g: 32: i ripheral skirt to rebound radially outwardly toward its 2104540 H1938 Hoffman "229/5 5 X predetermined maximum diameter. In addition, the 12/1942 Scott v 229'/5.5 container peripheral skirt Includes an exterior surface 2,790,576 4/1957 Lawrence ISO/.5 X formed with circumferentially spaced axially extend- 2302593 8/1957 Slaughter 220,42 A ing lands and valleys, and being constructed from 2,857,947 10 195 Powers 5 pressure-deformable material whereby the lands are 3,321,124 5/1967 Bank 229/43 depressed at the contacting surface portions of the 3,378,163 4/1963 Grifi'lth 229/43 X skirts as the container peripheral skirt rebounds toward norrnal position thus producing a elf. 1,415,986 5/1922 Bum) 220/43 R threading or self-locking feature of the invention. 2,334,225 11/1943 Socke.... 220/43 R 2,901,098 8/1959 Tupper.. 220/42 C 3,460,711 8/1969 Al-Roy 220/ R 2 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 2,887,117 5/1959 Rosholt 220/60 R IIIIIII/ PATENTEDHUY20 I973 3,773,208

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1N VENTOR JOHN J CURRY CONTAINER AND CLOSURE COMBINATION A primary object of this invention. is to provide a novel closure of a relatively rigid construction which includes a channel terminating in a relatively rigid peripheral skirt, a container having a body formed from resilient material and provided at an upper end thereof with a radially outwardly directed shoulder terminating in a downwardly direction peripheral skirt, the peripheral skirt having an exterior surface normally of a maximum diameter greater than that of the diameter of an internal surface of the closure peripheral skirt whereby upon the snap applicafion of the closure to the container the container peripheral skirt is deflected inwardly to a diameter less than the predetermined maximum diameter thereof thus increasing the frictional purchase between contacting surface portions of the peripheral skirts due to the inherent tendency of the resilient container peripheral skirt to rebound radially outwardly toward its predetermined maximum diameter.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel combination of the type aforesaid wherein the container peripheral skirt is constructed from pressuredeformable material whereby upon continued outward deflection thereof the outer surface is depressed by the more rigid peripheral skirt of the closure to obtain selflocking or interlocking between the peripheral skirts.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel combination of the type described wherein the exterior surface of the container peripheral skirt is preferably formed with circumferentially spaced and generally axially extending valleys and lands, the latter of which are deformed upon the outward deflection of the container peripheral skirt.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel combination of the type heretofore described wherein tab means formed as an integral extension of the container peripheral skirt are provided for removing the closure, and the container peripheral skirt additionally includes a slot fromed therein opening through a lowermost peripheral edge thereof for providing an access area for a persons fingers to facilitate the removal of the closure from the container body.

With the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claimed subject matter, and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

IN THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a container and closure of this invention with a portion of the closure removed for clarity, and illustrates an outer peripheral skirt of the container provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced lands and valleys.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken generally along line 2-2 of FIG. 1, and illustrates the container and closure immediately after same have been snap secured together.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1,. and illustrates the manner in which one of the lands has been depressed under the influence of the outward deflection or rebound of the container peripheral skirt during storage, shipment and/or display.

FIG. 4 is. a fragmentary enlarged sectional view taken generally along line 4-4 of FIG. 1, and illustrates a downwardly opening slot in the container peripheral skirt for the receipt of a person s fingers to facilitate the removal of the closure by grasping and drawing upwardly the peripheral skirt thereof.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of another container and closure, and illustrates a peripheral skirt of the container being provided with a tab for facilitating the removal of the closure.

Referring particularly to FIGS. 1 through 3 of the drawing, a novel container constructed in accordance with this invention is generally designated by the reference numeral 10, and is preferably constructed from thermoformed, injection molded, blow molded, hot drawn, or similar forming processes utilizing polyethylene, polystyrene or similar polymeric or copolymeric material. Irrespective of the particular material from which the container 10 is constructed, in keeping with this invention the material must be resilient and also capable of deformation when subjected to pressure, for a reason which will appear more fully hereinafter.

The container 10 includes a generally cylindrical body 11 having a bottom wall (not shown) and an upper end portion 12 terminating in upwardly, outwardly and downwardly directed wall 13, of which the downwardly directed portion 14 defines a peripheral skirt having inner and outer surfaces 15, 16, respectively.

About. the entire circumference of the peripheral skirt 14 are disposed a plurality of flutes, generally designated by the reference numeral 17 (FIG. 1) formed of lands and valleys 18 and 20, respectively. The lands and valleys 18, 20 thus impart a generally undulating configuration to the exterior surface 16 of the peripheral skirt l4, and though illustrated as being disposed perfectly vertically or axially, the same may be offset to the longitudinal axis of the container body 11.

A metallic closure or lid, generally designated by the reference numeral 21, includes an end panel 22, a radially upwardly outwardly and inwardly directed bead 23 defining a downwardly opening channel 24 with the downwardly turned portion of the head 23 defining a peripheral skirt 25 terminating in an inwardly upwardly and outwardly directed curl 26.

As is best illustrated in FIG. 2, the closure 21 is illustrated immediately after being assembled upon the upper end portion 12 of the container 10. Prior to being applied to the upper end portion 12, the peripheral skirt 14 is normally disposed more radially outwardly, as indicated in phantom outline in FIG. 2, with the dimension D indicating the diametric distance between diametrically opposite lands 18 of the exterior surface 16. The dimension D1 indicates the innermost minimum diameter of the curl 26. Due to the greater distance D compared to the distance D1, when the closure 21 is pushed downwardly upon the upper end portion 12 of the container 10, the peripheral skirt 14 is deflected radially inwardly in a progressive manner until such time as the closure 21 is fully seated, with this position being shown in FIG. 2. Since the closure 21 is constructed from relatively rigid material the diameter D1 remains substantially unchanged while the resilient nature of the material from which the container 10 is constructed permits the deflection of the peripheral skirt 14 to the position illustrated in FIG. 2. At this time the lands 18 of the flutes 17 are in forceful contact with the curl 26 due to the resilient reboundable nature of the material of the container 10 which continually urges the peripheral flange l4 outwardly in the direction of the initial position (phantom outline in FIG. 2) thereof. This force continually causes the material of the lands 18 to be depressed by the more rigid material of the curl 26 resulting in the formation of a groove 27 in each of the lands 18 in the manner shown in FIG. 3. Thus, during a length of time dependent upon the resilience and deformable nature of the material of the container 10 the initial pure frictional interlock between the lands 18 and the curl 26 (FIG. 2) is transformed into a mechanical interlock between the eventually formed grooves 27 and the curl 26, thus producing a self-threading or self-interlocking feature of the invention. The desirability of the latter is, of course, readily obvious since exotic capping machinery is unnecessary yet the mechanical interlock is far superior than pure frictional purchase. Moreover, once the lands 18 have been deformed to form the grooves 27, the grooves 27 remain as shown since the material is compressed beyond its elastic limit and continued reclosure of the lid and container may be achieved with the same interlock between the grooves 27 and the curl 26 being effected each time.

In order to remove the closure 21, the same may be pried upwardly in a coventional manner, but in accordance with this invention, a portion of the peripheral skirt 14 is slotted at 30 to form a generally downwardly opening arcute slot of a sufficient depth to permit a persons fingers to be inserted therein and provided access area for grasping the curl 26 to lift the same upwardly in the manner readily apparent from FIG. 4.

In lieu of the slot 30 the container 10 may be provided with a lifting tab 31 (FIG. formed as an integral extension of a peripheral skirt 32 of a container 33 corresponding identically to the container of FIGJ except for the tab 31. In this embodiment the tab 31 is gripped and lifted upwardly to force a lid 34 away from its seated position. Preferably the tab 31 is in part defined by a pair of slots 35, 36 extending upwardly into the peripheral skirt 32 so that the tab 32 may be hinged or pivoted sufficiently to dislodge the closure 34 from the container 33.

In further keeping with this invention, the flexibility of the peripheral skirt 14 may be varied by providing the same with a plurality of circumferentially spaced slots about the entire periphery thereof. Two such slots .37, 38 are illustrated adjacent the slot 30 but additional slots (not shown) are positioned about the peripheral skirt 14. These slots are preferably formed in the valleys by a partially or totally removing the material thereof. 7

While preferred forms and arrangements of parts have been shown in illustrating the invention, it is to be clearly understood that various changes in details and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this disclosure.

I claim:

1. A container including a body having a neck finish, said neck finish being integral with and of the same material as said container, said neck finish being of a predetermined original nondeformed exterior configuration, permanently deformed indentation means in portions of said neck finish exterior for engaging a closure, said neck finish being defined by upwardly, outwardly and downwardly directed wall portions relative to said body with said downwardly directed wall portion carrying said indentation means, a closure having a relatively rigid peripheral skirt of an internal diameter less than a predetermined maximum diameter of said downwardly directed wall portion whereby said downwardly directed wall portion is deflected inwardly by said closure peripheral skirt to a diameter less than said predetermined meximum diameter thus increasing the frictional purchase between contacting surface portions of said peripheral skirt and said downwardly directed wall portion and thereby forming said permanently deformed means, and said closure peripheral skirt terminates in an inwardly upwardly and outwardly directed curl which forms said permanently deformed means.

2. A container including a body having a neck finish, said neck finish being integral with and of the same material as said container, said neck finish being of a predetermined original nondeformed exterior configuration, permanently deformed indentation means in portions of said neck finish exterior for engaging a closure, said neck finish being defined by upwardly, outwardly and downwardly directed wall portions relative to said body with said downwardly directed wall portion carrying said indentation means, said downwardly directed wall portion has a downwardly opening slot formed therein and opens through a lowermost peripheral edge thereof for providing an access area for a persons fingers to facilitate the removal of a closure from said container body, a closure having a relatively rigid peripheral skirt of an internal diameter less than a predetermined maximum diameter of said downwardly directed wall portion whereby said downwardly directed wall portion is deflected inwardly by said closure peripheral skirt to a diameter less than said predetermined maximum diameter thus increasing the frictional purchase between contacting surface portions of said peripheral skirt and said downwardly directed wall portion and thereby forming said permanently deformed means, said closure peripheral skirt terminates in an inwardly upwardly and outwardly directed curl which forms said permanently deformed means.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4034886 *Mar 28, 1975Jul 12, 1977United States Steel CorporationPlastic lids and pails
US4880131 *Nov 13, 1987Nov 14, 1989Van Dorn CompanyRingless paint container
US4887736 *Apr 22, 1988Dec 19, 1989Cleveland Container CorporationSealed container
US4936482 *Apr 10, 1989Jun 26, 1990Van Dorn CompanyRingless paint container
US4946064 *Oct 10, 1989Aug 7, 1990Cleveland Container CorporationSealed container
US5065888 *Dec 18, 1990Nov 19, 1991Van Dorn CompanyImproved ringless paint container with step down lid
US5240138 *Apr 24, 1992Aug 31, 1993Van Dorn CompanyRingless paint container
US20110095030 *Oct 28, 2009Apr 28, 2011Dave DunnContainer assembly having a heat-sealed metal end, a metal end therefor, and a method for making same
WO2003076286A1 *Feb 28, 2003Sep 18, 2003Superfos AsA container, a packaging made therefrom and a method of manufacturing the container
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/269, 220/806, 220/805
International ClassificationB65D43/04, B65D43/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2543/00277, B65D2543/00509, B65D2543/00555, B65D2543/00972, B65D2543/00092, B65D2543/00944, B65D43/0218, B65D2543/00537
European ClassificationB65D43/02S5B