US 3774985 A
When the lock is pushed-in, a cam which moves with the lock, causes a vertical lock rod, on which catches are mounted, to be cammed down and a spring to be loaded. Catches on the lock rod then fall in front of drawer stops of closed drawers, to lock said drawers. When the lock of the file cabinet is unlocked with a key, it is projected forwardly and the loaded spring then raises the lock rod to cause the catches to clear the draw stops, to unlock the drawers and allow them to be pulled to open positions. If the projected lock is pushed-in while the drawer is open, and the open drawer is thereafter shut, the drawer will be automatically locked, because a cam on a catch of the lock rod, is engaged by the drawer stop of the pushed-in drawer, to cause the lock rod to be moved down, and allow the drawer to be fully closed. When the drawer stop clears the cam on a catch, the lock rod is snapped up by the loaded spring to bring the catch in front of the retracted drawer stop, to lock the drawer in closed condition.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Chovanec et al.
[451 Nov. 27, 1973 FILE LOCKING MECHANISM  Inventors: William Chovanec, Montvale; Peter Heck, Teaneck, both of NJ.  Assignee: Art Steel Company, Inc., Bronx,
 Filed: Nov. 3, 1971  Appl. No.: 195,103
 11.8. C1. 312/217  Int. Cl. E051) 65/46, E050 15/04  Field of Search.....' 312/216, 217, 218, 312/219; 70/361, 360, 70, 8
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,574,712 2/1926 Stone 312/219 UX 1,193,955 8/1916 Watson et al. 1,806,643 5/1931 Ohnstrand 312/217 2,743,149 4/1956 Abrahamson et a1 312/219 3,238,003 3/1966 Stark 312/219 3,325,234 6/1967 Lewin 312/219 Primary Examiner-Paul R. Gilliam Attorney-J. B. Felshin  ABSTRACT When the lock is pushed-in, a cam which moves with the lock, causes a vertical lock rod, on which catches are mounted, to be cammed down and a spring to be loaded. Catches on the lock rod then fall in front of drawer stops of closed drawers, to lock said drawers. When the lock of the file cabinet is unlocked with a key, it is projected forwardly and the loaded spring then raises the lock rod to cause the catches to clear the draw stops, to unlock the drawers and allow them to be pulled to open positions. If the projected lock is pushed-in while the drawer is open, and the open drawer is thereafter shut, the drawer will be automatically locked, because a cam on a catch of the lock rod, is engaged by the drawer stop of the pushed-in drawer, to cause the lock rod to be moved down, and allow the drawer to be fully closed. When the drawer stop clears the cam on a catch, the lock rod is snapped up by the loaded spring to bring the catch in front of the retracted drawer stop, to lock the drawer in closed condition.
PAIENIEDxuv 27 I913 SHEET 2 BF 3 FIGS INVENTOR5 LIAM Chow/v50 7E? IVECA pushed-in and in locked condition, after the FILE LOCKING MECHANISM An object of this invention is to generally improve earlier drawer file constructions which allow one to shut a drawer of a file cabinet while the file lock is pushed-in and in locked condition, and automatically lock the pushed-in drawer. I
Another object of this invention is to provide file lock construction of the character described which is selfcontained and can be installed in the field on non-lock file cabinets, without any additional welded brackets.
Still another object of this invention is to provide locking means for drawer file cabinets having highly improved interlocking means, including a slider movable with the lock housing and having a groove to re ceive part of a plate fixed to a wall of the cabinet, which plate has a groove to receive a wall of the slider, and said slider having a cam to move a vertical lock rod slidably mounted onthe cabinet and carrying catches which cooperate with drawer stops to lock the drawers.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide in a drawer file cabinet of the character described, catches which assemble easily with the lock rod, after the lock rod is in place, by means of plastic pins which do not take the pressure of camming action of cam means on the catches, the pressure being on the lock rod itself and not on the plastic pins.
A further object of this invention is to provide in .a drawer file construction of the character described, a lock rod controlled by the lock, and catches on the lock rod, which act as locking means for the drawer, because the catches are in front of the drawer stops when the lock is in locked condition, and further provided with cam means to cause the lock rod to move down, if the drawer is shut while the lock is in pu'shed-in locked position until the drawer stop clears the catch, to allow a spring to raise the lock rod to bring the catch again into locking position in front of the drawer stop,
and to hence automatically lock the drawer in closed position if it is closed while the lock is in said pushed-in, locked condition.
Still a further object of this invention is toprovide a smoothly operating and positive file drawer lock mechanism of the character described comprising a support plate fixed to the cabinet, a 'lock housing slidably mounted on said plate for movement between a retracted, pushed-inor locked position, and a projected unlocked position, a slider assembled with said lock housing for reciprocatory movement therewith, with spring means to project said lock housing when it is unlocked, and with cam means on said slider to depress a lock rod which carries catches to lock the drawers in closed position.
Yet a further object of this invention is to provide in when said lock is unlocked and projected, and to raise said lock rod after it has been depressed by engagement of the drawer stop with a cam on a catch mounted on the lock rod, when a drawer is shut while the lock is drawer stop clears the catch cam.
Another object of this inventionis to provide in a drawerfile construction of the character described, improved means to guide the lock rod for vertical movement relative to the cabinet.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a strong and durable drawer file construction of the character described which shall be relatively inexpensive to manufacture, easy to assembly and which shall yet be practical and efficient to a high degree in use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of invention will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawings in which is shown various illustrative embodiments of this invention,
FIG. 1 is cross-sectional view taken just below the top wall of a drawer cabinet, looking down, which cabinet is provided with locking means and embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a partial perspective view illustrating the case track and means to guide the lock rod for vertical sliding movement;
FIG. 7.is a cross-sectional view taken on line 7-7 of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a horizontal partial cross-sectional view showing how a case track is fixed to a side wall of the cabinet; and
FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of a catch and portion of the lock rod to which it is attached.
Referring now in detail to the drawing, 10 designates a drawer file cabinet comprising a housing 11 in which one or more drawers 12 are slidably mounted.
The housing or casing 11 is made of sheet metal and comprises a rear wall 13 and side walls 14 from the front end of each of which there extends a front web 15 provided: with a rearwardly extending flange l6. Welded to each side wall 14,at the front of the casing, is a front vertical post 17 comprising a flange 17a contacting the inside of web 15. Extending from flange 17a is a web 17b contacting flange 16 and disposed parallel to wall 14. Extending from web 17b is a wall 17c parallel to flange 17a. Extending from wall 17c is a flange 17d contacting the inside surface of wall 14.
In FIG. 1, only one side wall 14is shown, it being understood that the opposite side wall 14 is similar and symmetrically disposed relative thereto.
Welded to the inside of each of the side walls 14 are welded vertical intermediate posts 20 and vertical rear posts 21. Posts 20 and 21 as well as posts 17 are of usual, well known construction. Welded to the posts 17, 20, 21 at the insides of the side walls 14 of the cabinet, are parallel, horizontal aligned pairs of case tracks 22, there being one pair for each. drawer 12 for supporting the drawer for opening and closing movement in the well known manner.
Each case track 22 has an outer web 22a in a vertical plane. Extending from the upper end of wall 22a is a horizontal wall 22b extending inwardly (away from wall 14). Extending downwardly from wall 22b is a flange 22c. Extending from the lower side of web 22a is a horizontal wall 22d parallel to wall 22b, and extending upwardly from wall 22d is a flange 22e in the plane of flange 22c.
Housing 11 has a top wall 25 provided at the front, with a downwardly extending wall 26 formed with a rearwardly extending horizontal flange 27. Welded to the top of flange 27 is a plate support 28 having a lower flange 28a contacting thetop of flange 27. Extending upwardly from wall 28a is a vertical web 28b, from which a horizontal wall 28c extends rearwardly. At the rear end of wall 280 is a downwardly extending rib or flange 28d.
The drawer 12 has a double front wall 29 to which a handle 30 is fixed. Drawer 12 has a side wall 31 of usual construction provided with a drawer stop 32. Drawer stop 32 has a vertical flange 32a welded to the outside of wall 31. Extending from the lower end of flange 32a is a horizontal flange 32b which projects sideways, toward side wall 14 and is located just above the associated case track 22. Thus, there is a drawer stop for a case track 22 at each level.
Screwed to the top of wall 280 of member 28 by means of screws 35, is a bracket 36 comprising a flat horizontal wall 37 having a front edge 37a, an inner edge 37b, a rear edge 370, an inclined edge 37d interconnecting edges 37b and 370, and an outer edge 37e. Extending upwardly from wall 37 is a web 38 spaced from and parallel to rear edge 37e. Extending from web 38 is a horizontal flange 39. Cut from the wall 37 is a flange or keeper 40 which projects upwardly in spaced parallel relation to web 38 and disposed between the ends of said web. Also cut from wall 37 is an upstanding flange 41 disposed in a plane perpendicular to flange 40 and between the planes of flange 40 and web 38, and spaced rearwardly of web 38. Flange 41 is formed with a transverse, centrally located slot 41a for the purpose hereinafter appearing.
Wall 37 is formed, at its edge 37e and near its rear edge 370, with a notch 42 having an edge 42a parallel to edge 37e and from the ends of which extend edges 42b, 42c leading to edge 37e. Extending from edge 420 is a narrow slot 43 parallel to edge 37e.
Slidably mounted on said member 36 is a slider or cam member 50. Said member 50 comprises a top wall 51 of rectangular shape disposed above wall 37. Extending downwardly from the outer side of top wall 51 is a flange 52 formed with a slot 53 receiving part of wall 37. Part of flange 52 is received in slot 43.
Extending forwardly from the forward end of top wall 51 is a horizontal tongue or rod 55 which passes through slot 41a and passes beneath top flange 39.
Slidably mounted between wall 37 and flange 39, and between the web 38 and flange 40 is a cylinder barrel lockhousing 56 formed at its rear end with a slot 57 receiving the forward end of tongue 55. Said tongue is attached to lock housing 56 by means of a screw 58 passing through registering openings in said tongue and housing. A coil compression spring 59 surrounds tongue 55 and is interposed between flange 41 and the rear end of lock housing 56 to bias the housing and slider 50 forwardly.
In housing 56 is a cylinder barrel 60 controlled by a key 61, which is inserted in a key opening in the barrel 60. When the housing 56 is in the outward, projected or unlocked position of FIGS. 1 and 3, a bolt or latch 62 held in retracted position by the flange 40 and spring 59 retains said housing in projected position.
When the housing 56 is pushed rearwardly, sufficiently for the bolt 62 to clear the rear edge of flange 40, said bolt will spring out and engage said flange to retain the housing 56 in retracted, pushed-in condition.
When the housing 56 is in pushed-in condition, the closed drawers are locked by mechanism to be described hereinafter. When a key is inserted into the barrel, andturned, the bolt 62 is retracted to permit the spring 59 to project the housing 56. Means is provided as will be explained hereinafter, to release the drawers for opening movement when the lock housing is projected. Means is also provided, as will be explained, to automatically lock any drawer which is shut while the lock housing is in pushed-in condition.
To this end, flange 52 at its rear end has a downwardly and forwardly inclined camming under edge 65. When the lock housing is in projected position, cam edge 65 crosses the wall 37 substantially at the edge 420 of notch 42, so that the upper part of said cam edge is disposed rearwardly of said edge 42c and above wall 37 and notch 42, and the lower part of said cam edge is disposed forwardly of said edge 42c and below wall 37. When said lock housing 56 is pushed rearwardly, slider 50 moves rearwardly therewith to the dot-dash position of FIG. 3 where the lower end of cam edge 65 is disposed somewhat rearwardly of edge 420 of notch 42, for the purpose hereinafter appearing.
Slidably mounted in the cabinet for vertical reciprocation in the space between the case tracks 22 on the right side of the cabinet and the right side wall 14 of the cabinet casing, is an elongated lock rod of flat bar stock. Lock rod 70 comprises an elongated bar 70a of uniform width contacting the outer surfaces of the webs'22a of the case tracks 22. A vertical plane perpendicular to bar 70a and equally spaced from the side edges 70b of said bar, passes through the notch 42 and is equally spaced from the notch edges 42b, 42c. The lock rod 70 is hence located between the posts 17 and 20. The lock rod 70 crosses each of the case tracks 22 and is guided for up and down vertical movement by outwardly embossed angle-shaped guides 71 cut from the metal of webs 22a, of the case tracks.
Extending-up from the upper end of bar 70a is a bar portion 700 narrower in width relative to bar 70a and centered with respect thereto. Extending outwardly from the upper end of bar portion 70c, toward adjacent side wall 14 is a horizontal bar portion 70d, from which an end bar portion 70e extends upwardly through the notch 42, and against the outer side of flange 52 of slider 50.
A coil tension spring 74 is connected at its lower end to bar portion 70c, and at its upper end to wall 37, to bias the lock bar 70 upwardly. When the lock 56 is unlocked and projects forwardly (under influence of spring 59), as shown in full lines in FIGS. 1 and 3, bar portion 70c'is pressed up against the underside of wall 37 under the influence of spring 74.
As the lock housing 56 is pushed-inv to locking position, the slider 50 is moved rearwardly from the full line position of FIGS. 1 and 3 to the dot-dash line position of said figures. During such movement, cam edge 65 moving to the left, as shown in FIG. 3, depresses the lock rod 70 for the purpose hereinafter appearing.
The bar 70a of lock rod 70 is formed at each drawer stop 32 level, with a lower slot and an upper slot 81 both extending to the rear edge 70b of the bar (see FIG.
9). Slot 80 has a depressed edge; 80a and slot 81 has a depressed edge 81a. The depressed 'edges 80a, 81a are closer to the rear edge 70b than to the front edge 70b of bar 70a. Said bar 70ais also formed witha through opening 82 between each pair of slots 80, 81 and centrally located between edges70b of bar 70a.
Attached to the bar70a ateach level is a catch 85 comprising avertical web 86 lying against the outer surface of bar 70a. Said web 86 is formed with a central opening87 registering with opening 82. A nylon pin or catch fast88 has a shank 88a passing through registering openings 82, 87,-and a head 88b contacting the inner face of bar 70a. The shank 88a of the catch fast or pin 88 has a tapered outer endto facilitate insertion of the shank into said openings 82, 87, and shoulders to engage the outer surface of web 86 of the catch 85, to releasably hold the catch in place.
Extending from the lower end of web 86 is a bottom wall 90 forming a corner 91 with said web. The forward portion of said corner is cut away as at 91a to form a narrow portion 90a of wall90 adjacent the rear edge 90b of said wall,'and a lower edge 86a at the lower end of web 86 and beyond the narrow wall 90a. Extending up from theinner end "of bottom wall 90 is an upwardly extendingflange92lprovided with an upper, downwardly and forwardly inclined cam edge 92a. Flange 92 is spaced from web 86 and lies in a vertical plane crossing theassociated drawer stop flange 32b (FIG. '2).
Extending from the upper end of web 86 is a narrow horizontal wall 93 from which a flange 94 extends up wardly.
In assemblying the catch with the bar, narrow web 93 passes into slot 81 and comes down to rest on the depressed edge 8la ofsaid slot. At the same time narrow portion 90a of wall 90 passes through slot 80 and comes down to rest on depressed edge 80a. The flange 94 rests against the inner surface of bar 71a.
When the lock is unlocked and projects forwardly, and the lock rod 70 has been raised by spring 74, the drawer stop 32 of any shut-drawer is behind the catch 85 at thatlevel and the horizontal flange 32b of said drawer stop is just below the level of wall 90 of the adjacent catch, so that said drawer can be pulled out or opened without hindrance. i
If the drawer is shut and the lock 56 is pushed-into lockand depress the lock rod 70, theflange 92 of the catch will be lowered so that its rear edge92b will cross the flange 32b and wall 90 of the catch will be located below said flange 32b. The drawer is now locked and cannot be opened because the forward edge of flange 32b will strike the rear edge 92b of cam 92.
If the lockis opened and projected, the lock rod is raised and the drawer can then be opened. If while the drawer is open, the lock housing 56 is pushed-in, the drawer can thereafter be shut and will then automatically lock. This is so becausethe lock rod is then in lowered position, due to engagement of the lower end of the cam edge 65,, (and lower edge of flange 52) with lower the lockrod 70, against the tension of spring 74,
tobring flange 92 to the lower dot-dash position of FIG. 3. Asthe flange 32b passes beyond flange 92, the
lock rod will snap up to its upper dot-dash position of FIG. 3, in which position wall 70d of the lock rod will again contact the lower edge of flange 52 of the slider 50. The flange 92 will now again be in front of flange 32b and the drawer is again locked.
It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative.
, I claim:
l. A drawer file comprising a drawer file cabinet, a key controlled lock comprising a lock housing, means to support said lock housing in said cabinet for axial reciprocation, first spring means to project said lock housing from said cabinet when the lock is unlocked, means to retain said lock housing in retracted position when it is pushed-in to non-projecting position, a slider attached to said lock housing for reciprocal movement therewith, means to mount said slider on said support means for sliding movement together with said lock housing, a vertical lock rod in said cabinet, means in said cabinet to support said lock rod for vertical reciprocation, second spring means interconnected from said lock rod to said cabinet to bias said lock rod upwardly, means on said slider to move said lock rod downwardly, when said lock housing is being pushed-in from projected to retracted position, and to allow said second spring means to bias the lock rod upwardly when the lock housing is projected upon unlocking said lock, a drawer slidably mounted in said cabinet, and means to lock said drawer against opening when said lock housing is in retracted condition, and to allow said drawer to be opened whensaid lock housing is in open, projected position, and to automatically lock said drawer against being pulled open should the drawer be pushed-in to shut position while the lock housing is in pushed-infretracted position.
2. The combination of claim '1, said supportmeans comprising a plate, means to fix said plate to said cabinet, said plate having a slot slidably receiving part of said slider, said slider having a slot slidably receiving part of said plate.
3. The combination of claim 1, said means on the slider to move said lock rod downwardly when said lock housing is pushed-in from projected to retracted position, comprising cooperating cam means on said slider and lock rod.
4. The combination of claim 1, said plate having a notch, and the upper end of said lock rod slidably engaging in said notch.
5. The combination of claim 1, a drawer stop fixed on said drawer, said last means comprising means fixed on said lock rod and disposed in a position to be clear of said drawer stop and below said door stop, when the lock housing is in projected position and said lock rod is in raised position under influence of said second spring means, to allow the drawer to be moved from shut to open position, and said means on said lock rod, being in the path of said drawer stop and in front thereof, when said lock housing is in retracted condi tion and saidlock rod has been moved down by said cam means, to prevent opening of the drawer, and cooperating cam means on said lock rod and drawer stop to lower said lock rod when the drawer is moved from open to closed position, while the lock housing is in retracted position, to allow the drawer to be closed, and to allow the lock rod to be raised by said second spring means when said drawer stop has passed beyond said means on said lock rod, to allow said means on said lock rod to again move into position in front of, and in the path of, said drawer stop, to automatically lock said drawer against being opened.
6. The combination of claim 5, said support means comprising a plate, means to fix said plate to said cabinet, said plate having a slot slidably receiving part of said slider, said slider having a slot slidably receiving part of said plate.
7. The combination of claim 6, said means on the slider to move said lock rod downwardly when said lock housing is pushed-in from projected to retracted position, comprising cooperating cam means on said slider and lock rod.
8. The combination of claim 1, a draw stop fixed on said drawer, said last means comprising a catch fixed on said lock rod having a vertical flange formed with a rear vertical edge, said drawer stop comprising a horizontal flange having a front edge, said vertical edge of said flange on said catch being in front of and in the path of said front edge of said drawer stop when the drawer is closed and said lock housing is in retracted condition.