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Publication numberUS3775233 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 27, 1973
Filing dateApr 11, 1972
Priority dateApr 11, 1972
Publication numberUS 3775233 A, US 3775233A, US-A-3775233, US3775233 A, US3775233A
InventorsMaige W
Original AssigneeMaige W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tufted pile product
US 3775233 A
Abstract
A tufted pile product having a woven polypropylene fabric with a flock adhered to one side thereof and pile extending through the fabric from the opposite side thereof to form a product wherein the flock and the pile cover one side of the polypropylene fabric to provide a pleasing visual effect.
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Maige [111 3,775,233 [451 Nov. 27, 1973 TUFTED PILE PRODUCT Inventor: William L. Maige, 21 Oak Ln.,

Moultrie, Ga.

Filed: Apr. 11, 1972 Appl. No.: 242,922

US. Cl 161/62, 117/19, 117/25,

117/33, 156/72, 156/148, 156/279, 161/64, 161/67 [51] Int. Cl. D03d 27/00, D04h 1 1/00 [58] Field of Search 161/62, 64, 67; 156/72, 148, 279; 117/19, 25, 33

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/1972 Riordan 161/64 Primary Examiner-George F. Lesmes Assistant Examiner-M. E. McCamish Attorney-Martin Fleit et al.

16 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures TUFTED PILE PRODUCT This invention relates to a tufted pile product, and more particularly to a tufted carpet or rug having flock adhered to one side of a woven polypropylene fabric. Pile extends through the fabric to form a product wherein the flock and the pile cover one side of the fabric to provide a pleasing visual effect.

In the past, numerous articles of different types have been coated with flock. For example, Stephens et al. U.S. Pat, No. 3,565,742 describes a flocked golf green that exhibits responses to a golf ball similar to natural turf. Various'types of flock material were applied and bonded to various backing materials in the Stephens et al. patent to provide the desired result. Grundman U.S. Pat. No. 3,436,245 also relates to a flock coated substrate wherein the flock fibers are firmly held in place while a permanent settable adhesive is applied. The permanent settable adhesive is applied through the porous, open back side of the substrate to firmly bond the adhered ends of the flock fibers. In addition, various types of tufted carpet have been developed, such as described in Schwartz et al. U.S. Pat. No. 3,359,934 and in Chopra U.S. Pat. No. 3,443,541.

However, a persistent problem in the carpet and other tufted pile product arts has been the fact that the carpet backing is frequently visible through the carpet tufting in an undesirable manner. This problem has been emphasized where polypropylene is used as the backing, since the carpet tufting frequently does not cover the entire backing area and a glare from the polypropylene is frequently visible through the tufting. This, of course, is an undesirable effect and makes the carpet appear worn, thin, and poorly made.

Although the prior art shows various methods of flocking for different purposes and various tufted carpet constructions, the problem of carpet backing being visible through the carpet tufting has persisted.

It is, therefore,-an object of the present invention to provide a tufted pile product which is pleasing to the eye.

Another object is to provide a tufted pile product wherein the backing is hidden from view by pile and by flock adhered to the backing.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a method for manufacturing a tufted pile product wherein pile and flock are positioned on one side of a backing fabric to provide a pleasing visual effect.

Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and {in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects and advantages are realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

To achieve these and other objects, the present invention provides a tufted pile product having a woven fabric of polypropylene, an adhesive material bonded to one side of the fabric, flock covering the adhesive material and bonded thereto and pile extending through the fabric to form a product wherein the flock and the pile cover one side of the fabric to provide a pleasing visual effect and to hide the polypropylene fabric from view.

It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are not restrictive of the invention. a

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate an example of a preferred embodiment of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the polypropylene fabric used in the tufted pile product of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the polypropylene fabric having an adhesive material bonded over a predetermined portion thereof and flock bonded to a selected area of the adhesive; and

FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic cross-sectional view of the tufted pile product of this invention.

With reference now to the drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in FIG. 1 a woven fabric 10 of polypropylene. The polypropylene is preferably extruded in the form of a ribbon or filament, and the polypropylene fabric is used as the primary backing for the tufted pile product of this invention, although fabric made from other materials, either natural or synthetic, can be used.

FIG. 2 shows polypropylene fabric 10 with an adhesive material 12 bonded to one side of the fabric and flock 14 covering the adhesive material and bonded thereto. Flock 14 is illustrated in FIG. 2 as covering only a portion of adhesive 12 for the purpose of explanation only. In actual .practice, the flock is uniformly applied over the entire adhesive area.

As illustrated in FIG. 3, the polypropylene fabric 10 is comprised of weft ribbons or filaments l6 and warp ribbons or filaments 18. Adhesive 12 is applied to one side of fabric 10 and flock 14 is bonded to adhesive 12. In addition, pile 20 extends through fabric 10 from the side opposite from adhesive 12 to the side of the fabric on which adhesive 12 is located. A layer 13 of conventional material may also be applied, if desired, to the opposite side of fabric 10 as a secondary backing. This feature, however, fonns no part of the invention.

Thus, a tufted carpet or tufted pile product is provided wherein flock l4 and pile 20 cover one side of fabric 10 to provide a pleasing visual effect and to prevent viewing of fabric or backing 10 from the flocked side of the backing.

Flock 14 can be a natural fiber (not dyed) or a predyed fiber. When a natural fiber flock is used, a natural yarn may be used for pile 20, and the pile yarn and the flock may be composed of the same generic fiber. A product so formed can then be dyed to provide the uniform color desired with respect to the flock and the pile.

Of course, flock 14 may vary in generic class from the material used in pile 20 and with proper dye selection, desirable contrast between pile 20 and flock 14 can be achieved. If a dyed flock is applied to adhesive 12, pile 20 can be formed from stock-dyed yarns to produce the desired effects.

Any type of adhesive known to be useful for making flocked fabrics can be used as the adhesive in the present invention. However, tests and experience have shown that certain adhesives are preferable. For example, acrylic polymers and copolymers, and especially acrylic copolymers having vinyl chloride, epoxy, vinylidene chloride or urethane segments have been found to be preferred. A vinyl chloride-acrylic acid copolymer applied from a water-based emulsion has proven to be very successful. A combination of polyether polyurethane with an arcylic acid and acrylate applied from a water-based emulsion has also proved successful, as have various acrylic polymers adjusted to a viscosity of 18,000 centipoise.

Some of these adhesives are available in an unadjusted form from commercial houses as Geon manufactured by B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co., and specific examples are Geon 46OX2 and Geon 450x32. Copolymers of butadiene and acrylonitrile known as Hycar can also be used as the adhesive. l-lycar is manufactured by B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co. and specific examples are Hycar 2679X6 and Hycar 2600x131. Nyathane WS70 may also be used. Additives to the adhesive may include thickeners such as Carbopol 934, which is a synthetic hydrophilic colloid in the form of a free-flowing powder made by B. F. Chemical Co., Bentone 38, which is an organic derivative of a special magnesium montmorillonite supplied as a fine, creamywhite powder by Baroid Division, National Lead Co., or Titanium Oxide.

Flock 14 can be comprised of a number of materials. For example, the flock may be a polyester, polyamide, acrylic, polyethylene, polypropylene, cellulosic, or natural fiber. The natural fibers may be, for example, wool, rabbit, fur, or silk. In addition, in colored flock, rayons and nylons, for example, may be used.

Various sizes of flock can be used, and lengths of from inch to A inch have proven to be desirable. In addition, in the natural nylon range, for example, flock sizes have been used of 15 denier and 6 denier.

It should be understood that flock other than in fibrous form may be used. For example, powder material may be used as the flock with equally successful results.

In manufacturing the tufted pile product or carpet of this invention, woven polypropylene fabric 10 is first placed in position for receiving adhesive material 12. The adhesive may be an acrylic polymer, for example, and the polymer is preferably a copolymer containing a vinyl chloride, urethane, epoxy, or vinylidene chloride group. The adhesive material, containing approximately 50% solids, is then applied wet to one side of fabric 10 by a knife blade or pad (not shown). The adhesive is preferably applied to the fabric to a thickness of from 0.004 inch to 0.012 inch, and the level of wet application may be varied but 0.008 inch has provided excellent results.

Flock 14 is then applied uniformly to adhesive material 12 by well-known vibration methods, electrostatic methods or other methods or by combinations thereof. Adhesive 12 with flock 14 thereon is then cured by drying the adhesive and by subjecting the adhesive to a temperature, for example, between 225 F and 275 F for a period of minutes. Temperatures and time of cure, however, may vary with thickness of adhesive film, type of adhesive and density of flock. Pile 20 is then caused to pass through fabric as well as through adhesive 12 and through flock 14 to form tufts on the same side of the fabric as flock 14. Following the curing step, excess flock 14 is removed by vacuum, vibration, or a combination of these methods.

The present invention, thus, provides for a unique tufted pile product and for a unique method of manufacturing a tufted pile product wherein the product has pile and flock positioned on one side of a woven polypropylene fabric to hide the fabric backing from view and to provide a pleasing visual effect.

The invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details shown and described and departures may be made from such details without departing from the principles of the invention and without sacrificing its chief advantages.

What is claimed is:

1. A tufted pile product, comprising:

a woven fabric of polypropylene;

an adhesive material bonded to one side of said fabric;

flock covering said adhesive material and bonded thereto; and

pile extending through the fabric to form a product wherein the flock and the pile cover said one side of said fabric to provice a pleasing visual effect.

2. A product as in claim 1 wherein the woven fabric is comprised of polypropylene ribbons.

3. A product as in claim 1 wherein the woven fabric is comprised of polypropylene filaments.

4. A product as in claim 1 wherein the flock and the pile are comprised of the same material.

5. A product as in claim 1 wherein the flock and the pile are of the same color.

6. A product as in claim 1 wherein the adhesive comprises an acrylic polymer.

7. A product as in claim 6 wherein said polymer is a copolymer containing a vinyl chloride, urethane, epoxy, or vinylidene chloride group.

8. A product as in claim 1 wherein said adhesive is from 0.004 inch to 0.012 inch thick.

9. A product as in claim 1 wherein the flock is nylon or rayon.

10. A product as in claim 1 wherein the flock is comprised of fibers from ris inch to 25 inch long.

11. A product as in claim 1 wherein the flock is a powder material.

12. A method of manufacturing a tufted pile product, comprising the steps of:

positioning a woven polypropylene fabric;

applying an adhesive material to one side of the fabrrc;

applying a flock to uniformly cover said adhesive material;

curing the adhesive; and

passing pile through the fabric to form tufts on the same side of the fabric as said flock.

13. A method as in claim 12 further including the steps or removing excess flock.

14. A method as in claim 12 wherein said adhesive is heated to a temperature between 225". F and 275 F.

15. A method as in claim 14 wherein said adhesive is heated for 5 minutes.

16. A method of manufacturing a tufted pile product comprising passing pile through a woven polypropylene fabric having a layer of flock securely bonded thereto, said tufting being positioned on the same side of said fabric as said flock.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3672929 *Dec 10, 1970Jun 27, 1972Microfibers IncFlocked open looped pile fabric and method of making same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4482593 *Sep 20, 1982Nov 13, 1984The Procter & Gamble CompanyFlocked floor mat with hydrophilic adhesive
US6475553Apr 10, 2001Nov 5, 2002Gillette Canada CompanyMethod of manufacturing a textured toothbrush bristle
US20100306944 *Apr 28, 2010Dec 9, 2010Braun GmbhToothbrush bristle and method for manufacturing such a bristle
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/87, 156/148, 156/279, 428/90, 427/201, 428/475.8, 428/96, 156/72
International ClassificationD05C17/00, D05C17/02
Cooperative ClassificationD05C17/02
European ClassificationD05C17/02