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Publication numberUS3775764 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 27, 1973
Filing dateOct 2, 1972
Priority dateOct 2, 1972
Also published asCA975074A, CA975074A1, DE2349399A1
Publication numberUS 3775764 A, US 3775764A, US-A-3775764, US3775764 A, US3775764A
InventorsJ Gaur
Original AssigneeNcr
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multi-line plasma shift register display
US 3775764 A
Abstract
In the present invention at least two rows of plasma charge transfer devices have their holding arrays of electrodes connected to a common sequential potential source while the stepping and entering arrays of each row are connected to independent sequential potential sources. Each independent source is controlled by a logic means, such that an input character signal, applied to all the rows of transfer devices, will only be entered and stepped through those rows that are selected by the logic means for having the sequential potential applied to their stepping and entering arrays. Signals already entered in the rows not selected will be held in place.
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United States Patent Gaur MULTI-LINE PLASMA SHIFT REGISTER DISPLAY Inventor: Jai P. Gaur, Dayton, Ohio The National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio Filed: Oct. 2, '1972 Appl. No.: 294,006

Assignee:

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Kupsky 315/169 R X Rosenberg et a1. 315/169 R X Ogle 3l5/l69RX Caras 315/169 TV X Baasch 340/166 R X Glaser 315/169 TV X Primary Examiner-David L. Trafton Attorney-J. T. Cavender et al.

[5 7] ABSTRACT In the present invention at least two rows of plasma charge transfer devices have their holding arrays of electrodes connected to a common sequential potential source while the stepping and entering arrays of each row are connected to independent sequential potential sources. Each independent source is controlled by a logic means, such that an input character signal, applied to all the rows of transfer devices, will only be entered and stepped through those rows that are selected by the logic means for having the sequential potential applied to their stepping and entering arrays. Signalsalready entered in the rows not selected will be held in place.

11 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTEUNEVZT 2973 SHEET 1 BF 4 FIG. 2

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snm'u [W4 CHARAiTER ROW I (B? A CHARACTER G ROW#2 v @A (DB 52 I Dr Vsr- A F l 54 N U Dr SIGNALS FROM' f Q l ROW SELECT N I DECQDER 38 I G O L /55 'F N DY 1 MULTI-LINE PLASMA SHIFT REGISTER DISPLAY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention utilizes rows of plasma charge transfer devices wherein information can be serially entered into all the selected rows without disturbing the information contained in any of the nonselected rows.

2. Description of the Prior Art The present invention is a direct improvement of the invention disclosed in U. S. Patent application Ser. No. 255,547, entitled Plasma Charge Transfer Device, by W. E. Coleman et al., which application is assigned to The National Cash Register Company, the assignee of the present invention. The teachings of the referenced application are incorporated by reference into the present application as though set forth in full detail herein. In the referenced application when a plurality of plasma charge transfer devices are connected in parallel it is necessary to have an AND gate for each set of line inputs servicing one transfer device. Enabling the AND gate servicing a selected transfer device allows the signals present on the line inputs to be entered and stepped through the transfer device. To hold information, in place, within the nonselected transfer devices, requires additional electronics. If it is desirable to enter information into one plasma charge transfer device while maintaining (holding) the information in the other rows of plasma charge transfer devices then it is necessary to have individual electronics for applying the sequencing and holding potentials to each row. A logic means is then used to control the input AND gates and the sequencing and holding electronics to achieve the desired results.

Simplification of the electronics needed to accomplish the desired function can be achieved by taking advantage of certain commonalities in the electronics. The present invention directs itself to this simplification.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is an improvement in plasma discharge systems wherein two or more rows of plasma charge transfer devices are used. Each plasma charge transfer device generally contains at least one channel, formed as an envelope, wherein an ionizable gas is held. Multiple parallel channels are frequently used so as to allow a segment of a desired character to be formed in each channel, with all the channels in a transfer device forming the complete character. A plurality of electrodes are positioned sequentially and alternately along opposite surfaces of each channel. The electrodes are arranged such that every other electrode on each of the opposing surfaces of individual channels is connected together to form first and second pairs of oppositely positioned arrays, which arrays can be called the stepping and holding arrays in accordance with their function. An input electrode is provided for each channel and arranged with respect to the nearest oppositely located electrode in the first pairs of arrays such that a selected potential occurring between the input electrode and the nearest electrode will cause a plasma discharge within the channel. The present improvement in the aforementioned system is the provision for pairs of channel drive means corresponding in number to the plasma charge transfer devices for sequentially applying potentials to the first pair of arrays LII of opposing electrodes of each channel to effect a shifting of the plasma discharge to the second pair of arrays of opposing electrodes.

One set of drive means is made common to all the second pairs of arrays of opposing electrodes and is used to sequentially apply potentials to the opposing electrodes for shifting the plasma discharge along those channels when sequential potentials are also applied to the first pair of arrays, or for holding the plasma discharge in place between opposing electrodes of the second pairs of arrays when the sequential potential is not applied to the first pairs of arrays via the associated channel drive means. A logic means is provided for applying potentials sequentially to the selected channel drive means to cause the plasma discharge to shift in the selected channel while applying a holding potential to the channel drive means not selected.

In a second embodiment of the present invention each of the first array electrodes in the first array pairs are connected to individual channel drive means, while all of the second array electrodes in the first array pairs are connected to a common channel drive means.

The logic means then applies potentials sequentially to the individual and common drive means associated with a selected channel to cause shifting of the plasma discharges within the selected channels while restraining the sequencing potentials from the individual channel drive means servicing the nonselected channels.

From the foregoing it can be seen that it is a principal object of the present invention to provide an improved plasma discharge transfer system;

It is another object of the present invention to provide a plasma discharge transfer system wherein portions of the electronics used to operate the system are shared;

It is a further object of the present invention to minimize the electronics associated with multi-row plasma discharge transfer systems;

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a multi-line character display system of the serial-address type wherein characters can be entered into selected rows independently of the nonselected rows.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top view, partially in schematic form, of a 5 X 7 plasma charge transfer device;

FIG. 2 is a sectioned view, partially in schematic form, taken along the section lines 22 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 illustrates wave forms useful in understanding the operation of the invention of FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of two of the plasma charge transfer devices of FIGS. 1 and 2 connected in accordance with the present invention in a first preferred embodiment; and

FIG. 5 is a block diagram, for use with the block diagram of FIG. 4, illustrating a second preferred embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 a plasma display transfer device 20 is shown schematically as a 5 X 7 display maionizable gas, such as neon and nitrogen. A plurality of electrodes 9 are located on the inner wall 15 of the substrate, opposite one another, in parallel alignment but laterally offset. An input electrode 7 is positioned at one end of the formed channel 13. A keep-alive cell is formed by a pair of electrodes 6, capacitively coupled to the ionizable gas, and connected to an alternating voltage source 21 of sufficient magnitude to ionize the gas within the keep-alive cell. The ionized gas within the keep-alive cell insures a sufficient quantity of ionized particles being available at the first cell which cell is formed between the input electrode 7 and the first electrode 10. Each succeeding pair of opposing electrodes forms another cell. An erase electrode 18 is positioned within channel 13 at the end opposite the keep-alive cell. A dielectric coating 1 1 covers all of the electrodes except the input electrode 7 and the erase electrode 18. All of the odd positioned electrodes on one side of the transfer device 20 are electrically connected together to terminal A. All the even positioned electrodes on the same side of the transfer device are connected to terminal C. In a like manner, on the opposite side, odd positioned electrodes are connected to terminal B, and even positioned electrodes are connected to terminal D. The electrodes connected to terminal A in conjunction with the electrodes connected to terminal B form a first array pair. The terminal A connected electrodes are positioned first sequentially in the channel and as such will hereinafter be called the first array of the first array pairs. The terminal B connected electrodes are positioned second sequentially in the channel and as such will hereinafter be called the second array of the first array pairs. Similar nomenclature will apply to the terminal C and D connected electrodes being called first and second arrays respectively, of the second array pairs. The seven input electrodes 7 are labeled I, through I Each cell of a channel can be used to form dots. These dots can be lit via the plasma discharge between opposing electrode pairs. By using multi-parallel channels it is practical to create a visual display in the form of an alpha-numeric dot matrix where the alphanumeric characters, A to Z, and, to 9, are formed by an array of 35 dots, 7 dots high and dots wide. Other symbols can also be formed using the available dot matrix. Increasing the array, along its width, enables the displaying of multiple characters which can be used to create words. By placing the multi-channel plasma charge transfer devices in parallel it is possible to form a page display of characters. The display of FIG. 1 although showing only one character, the letter l-I, is used for example only, with the more practical device having a multiple character display ability.

The ionizable gas between any opposing electrodes effectively forms a gas cell dischargeable when subjected to a suitable potential. By alternating the applied potential step by step (sequentially) along the length of the column the gaseous discharge is transferred successively through the length of the channel. When a gaseous discharge is located between two adjacent opposite electrodes a charge is formed on the positive and the negative electrodes so as to produce a wall charge (trapped charge). The voltage attributed to the wall charge has a polarity opposite to the applied voltage which initiated the discharge, and upon reversal of the applied voltage, after discharge, the applied voltage and wall charge add together to cause another gaseous discharge (with current flow in opposite direction).

Referring now to FIG. 3, there appears a timing diagram showing the voltage pulse sequence as applied to terminals A, B, C and D, input electrode 7, and the erase electrode 18. The timing diagram illustrates the two major modes of operation of the plasma discharge transfer devices, namely the load and shift operation, and the hold operation. The four signals 4),, to rb are phased sequentially. The increments of time T, to T correspond to the load and shift operation. The time increment T corresponds to the hold operation. The T, time group is divided into nine subincrements a to i. In a typical case T T T and T would be 40 microseconds each with the time between the increments 0 to a and a to b being equal to 2.5 microseconds. All the time periods between the remaining increments are set to 5 microseconds. The potential V, is a potential the magnitude of which when added to a wall charge of like polarity gives rise to a potential greater than the firing potential so as to cause a discharge. In the absence of a like wall charge adding to the potential V,, the potential V has a magnitude less than the firing potential. The input signal V is a potential of a magnitude which ionizes the gas between the input electrode 7 and the first electrode 10 when the first electrode is at ground potential, absent a wall charge. For a binary type display a 1" can correspond to a lit cell, with a O corresponding to an un-lit cell. If such is the case, the presence of a V, pulse on the input electrode 7 enters a binary l into the charge device channel when the first array electrode (terminal A) is switched to ground potential.

For example, in operation at time T the input electrode 7 is switched from 0 volts to V, but no discharge takes place between the electrodes labeled 7 and 10 because the potential difference between these electrodes is not yet high enough to cause ionization due to the presence of the potential V, on electrode 10. At time T all the electrodes connected to the A terminal, which includes electrode 10, are driven to a zero potential while the input electrode potential has reached the peak value Vi. At this point in time the voltage differential between electrodes 7 and 10 exceeds the ionization (firing) voltage so as to cause a gaseous discharge to form therebetween. This discharge however, is extinguished in a short period of time (0.2 to 0.5 microseconds) because the wall charge created by this discharge is trapped on the dielectric material covering the first electrode 10. The input electrode 7, being directly coupled to the gas discharge, does not store a charge. Additionally, no charge is deposited on the walls adjacent any of the other electrodes since there has been no gaseous discharge between them, even though all other electrodes connected to the A terminal were simultaneously switched from the potential V to the potential 0.

At the time increment T all the first array A electrodes are returned to the potential V, while the input electrode 7 is maintained at the potential V, so as to prevent a back-firing discharge between electrode 10 and electrode 7.

At the time increment T all the electrodes connected to terminal B are driven to a 0 potential while all the electrodes connected to terminals A, C and D are held at the V, potential which creates a potential difference between the electrodes connected to terminals A, and C, and the electrodes connected to terminal B. The wall charge present on the first electrode adds to this applied voltage thereby increasing the potential difference between electrodes 10 and 16, the latter being the first elecrode connected to terminal B, to a value greater than the firing potential which in turn causes a gaseous discharge between electrodes 10 and 16. This discharge causes a reversal in the polarity of the wall charge adjacent to electrode 10. A positive charge is formed on the wall adjacent electrode 16. No additional discharge occurs at any other electrode particularly because of the lack of sufficient potential difference therebetween without the existence of any wall charge.

At time T all the electrodes connected to terminal B are driven to the potential V, leaving the trapped charge on the wall adjacent electrode 16 as it was immediately after the discharge which occurred at time increment T At time T all the electrodes connected to the terminal C are driven to a 0 potential while all the electrodes connected to terminals A, B and D are held at the potential V, thereby creating a potential difference between the electrodes of terminals B and C, which together with the potential difference caused by the trapped wall charge present adjacent the electrode 16, causes a gaseous discharge between the electrodes 16 and 17, thereby reversing the polarity of the trapped charge on the wall adjacent electrode 16 and creating a positive charge on the wall adjacent electrode 17. Electrode 17 is the first electrode connected to terminal C.

At time T all the electrodes connected to the terminal C are again driven to the potential V leaving the trapped charge at the first electrodes of terminal C as it was immediately after the discharge which occurred in time T At time T the electrodes connected to terminal D are driven to 0 which together with the trapped charge causes a discharge between electrode 17 and the first electrode connected to terminal D to again cause a re versal in polarity of the charge adjacent the electrode connected to the terminal C. When this occurs a positive charge is formed adjacent the first electrode connected to terminal D.

At time T all theelectrodes are driven to the potential V leaving the trapped charge as it was at the end of the discharge which occurred at time T The potential V, is switched periodically to ground (0 potential) and applied to the electrodes connected to the terminals A, B, C and Din a sequencing order so as to cause the discharge to step thru the channel. The sequence of potentials associated with the time period T, corresponds to a movement of the discharge thru the channel to the second array pairs of holding electrodes connected to the C and D terminals.

The signals shown for the second time group labeled T are identical to the signals in group T except that the input signal now corresponds to a binary zero. For this case no discharge will occur and the associated input cells will remain un-lit. But as the sequence of signals is applied to all the electrodes connected to terminals A, B, C and D the signal indicative of a binary-one entered during the time period T, is stepped through the channel to the next sets of electrodes.

At any point in time the device can be placed in a hold mode so that the discharges present within a channel will be held in place. This is accomplished as shown in the time period T.,, by holding the electrodes connected to terminals A and B at the potential V, while driving the electrodes connected to terminals C and D at the same rate. During the time period T, the erase electrode 18 is maintained at the potential V,. Any wall charge present on the dielectric adjacent the last electrode, connected to terminal D, will remainat that location because the potential between electrode 18 and the wall charge combined-with the potential on terminal D is not sufficient to cause a discharge to terminal 18. When an erase action is desired terminal 18 is switchedto ground and with the proper polarity of wall charge coupled with the potential V, being applied to terminal D a discharge will take place. With no dielectric coating on electrode 18 the charge cannot build and is erased from the channel.

Referring now to FIG. 4, two rows of plasma transfer devices 20 and 30 are shown with each row comprised of seven identical channels. Within'each row all of the C, D, B and A arrays are connected together, respectively. All of the corresponding inputs in each row are electrically connected together, i.e., l of character row 1 to I, of character row 2, etc. An oscillator 40 provides a basic timing frequency which signal is received by a timing circuit 41. The timing circuit transforms the basic frequency into four sequential (phased) signals, the order sequence of which is denoted by the subscripts A to D. In this particular embodiment the C and D array of electrodes are continuously connected to a driver means 39 containing a pair of drivers, one connected between each input and output line. The output of the driver means is a pair of signals corresponding to the two adjacent phased signals from the timing circuit 41 in which two adjacent phased signals are denoted by (b and During the operatign of th e system, the driver 39 applies the two signals (b and 4),, to thecorresponding C and D arrays, as shown in FIG. 4, to effect .a sequencing potential whereby if a wall charge is present on one of the electrodes adjacent the electrode to which the potential is being applied a plasma discharge will occur.

A row select decoder 38 receives as its input a row select address signal. The address signal can be applied to the row select decoder by means of a keypunch, toggle switch, punched card or other well known means. The outputs of the row select decoder are fed to an ANDing means 43. Only two outputs are shown coming from the row select decoder because only two rows of devices 20 and 30 are used. If more rows are used, then selection signals from the decoder 38 have to also increase correspondingly in number. The ANDing function block 43 also receives the two adjacent phased signals 4),, and 4: When coincidence occurs between these two phase signals and the row select signals the two signals are fed as inputs to either the channel drive 44 and/or the channel driver 45, depending on whether one or both rows have been selected. The channel driven circuits are simple pairs of gating circuits which are connected, one each, between each input line and output line of a driver. The gating circuits (driver) apply the positive potential V, to the A and B arrays electrodes and sequentially switch to applying a zero potential in accordance with the levels of signals (b, and 42 respectively. As channel driver 44 is selected, the character row 20 will be energized on the A and B arrays such that input information appearing on the input terminals I through I will be input into the respective row channels and stepped through the channel, for so long as the A and B arrays are energized. The character row 30 receiving only the C and D array electrode signals will not load or shift any information contained on its input electrodes I to I, due to the absence of the sequencing signals on its A and B array electrodes. If the row select decoder had provided an output signal such that channel drivers 44 and 45 were both activated, then identical messages would be fed at the inputs and stepped simultaneously through the channels of each of the character rows.

The character signals that are input to the selected rows are formed using a character generator 48. Selection of the particular character is accomplished by first selecting the character through a keyboard convertor 50, which provides an output signal in parallel format along seven output lines to a buffer 49. The bufier operates to control, time-wise, the entrance of the keyboard data into the character generator. The output lines from the character generator drive seven corresponding input drivers 51 between the potential V, and ground, which potentials are applied directly to the input electrodes I through I A mode select control means 42 provides a synchronization signal to the row select decoder 38 and the column enable address 47, to synchronize the input signals with the sequence phase array signals 4), through da In the present embodiments a character consists of a 5 X 7 dot matrix. Each column of the dot matrix is stored in the character generator 48, which may be a read only memory. When a key is depressed on the keyboard, data appears at the output of the character generator in column by column form. The occurrence of a column of data at the generator output is controlled by the column enable address circuit 47.

A second embodiment of the invention is disclosed in FIG. 5. This embodiment is identical to the embodiment of FIG. 4 except for the commonality of the terminal B array electrode driver 52. In this embodiment the B, C, and D arrays in each of the character rows are driven from' common drivers. Independent channel drivers are provided for the A arrays of each row. Data present on the input electrodes of a particular row will not be entered unless the potential on the A array is applied as per FIG. 5. The row select decoder 38 provides a selection signal on one or both of its output lines which signals or signal is received by the ANDing function means 53, ANDing circuit also receives the shift signal (in. When the signals from the row select decoder 38 and the shift signal 41 coincide for a particular driver, an output is fed to that driver, which output causes the selected driver to gate the potential signal V, to the A array electrodes thereby enabling the characterrow foreither loading or shifting information. The B array is connected directly by means of driver 52 to the phase signal 42 No control signal is fed to this driver and it remains in operation for so long as the d) signal is applied to its input.

While there have been shown what are considered to be the preferred embodiments of the present invention, these embodiments have been shown by way of example and explanation only and are not to be taken as limiting the invention, which islimited only by the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is: 1. In a plasma discharge system having at least two plasma charge transfer devices wherein each of the transfer devices is comprised in part of an envelope defining at least one channel containing an ionizable medium, a plurality of electrodes positioned sequentially and alternately along opposite surfaces of said channel, said electrodes being arranged such that every other electrode on each of the opposing surfaces is commonly connected together to form first and second pairs of oppositely positioned arrays, an input electrode means within each channel arranged with respect to the nearest oppositely located electrode in said first pair of arrays such that a selected potential occurring between said input electrode and the nearest oppositely located electrode will cause a plasma discharge to exist in the channel wherein the improvement comprises:

channel drive means corresponding in number to said plasma charge transfer devices for sequentially applying potentials to said first pairs of arrays of opposing electrodes for shifting the plasma discharge to said second pairs of arrays of opposing electrodes;

drive means common to all of said second pairs of arrays of opposing electrodes for sequentially applying potentials to opposing electrodes of said second pairs of arrays for shifting said plasma discharge along those channels when sequential potentials are also applied to said first pairs of arrays, and to hold said plasma discharge between opposing electrodes of said second pairs of arrays for those channels when sequential potentials are not applied to said first pairs of arrays; and

logic means for applying potentials sequentially to selected channel drive means so as to cause the plasma discharges within the channel serviced by the selected channel drive means to shift while holding all other plasma discharges within the nonselected channels.

2. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 1 wherein corresponding input electrode means of said at least two plasma charge transfer devices are connected together such that identical potentials are applied to corresponding input electrode meansof each plasma charge transfer device.

3. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 1 wherein said logic means is comprised of:

a four phase signal source for providing two adjacent phased signals to said drive means; a selecting means for providing signals indicative of the selection of a plasma charge transfer device; and

means responsive to the selection signals from said selecting means for receiving and gating another two adjacent phased signals from said four phase signal source to the channel drive means associated with the selected plasma charge transfer device.

4. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 3 wherein said logic means further comprises:

input data means for providing signals indicative of a selected character;

character generator means for transforming said provided signals into a preset sequence of signals corresponding to the selected character and for feeding said preset sequence of signals to said input electrode means so as to cause associated discharges to occur in said plasma charge transfer devices with the positioning of the discharges being proportional to the configuration of the character selected.

5. In a plasma discharge system having at least two plasma charge transfer devices wherein each of the transfer devices is comprised in part of an envelope defining at least one channel containing an ionizable medium, a plurality of electrodes positioned sequentially and alternately along opposite surfaces of said channel, said electrodes being arranged such that every other electrode on each of the opposing surfaces is commonly connected together to form first and second pairs of oppositely positioned arrays, an input electrode means within each channel arranged with respect to the nearest oppositely located electrode in said first pair of arrays such that a selected potential occurring between said input electrode and the nearest oppositely located electrode will cause a plasma discharge to exist in the channel, wherein the improvement comprises: i

a potential source, the potential level of which is sufficient to cause a plasma discharge between electrodes when a static charge of correct polarity exists on one of the electrodes;

a plurality of first and second channel driver means, corresponding in number to the number of plasma charge transfer devices, with the first driver means connected to the electrodes of the first pair of arrays on one surface of said channels and the second driver means connected to the electrodes of the first pairs of arrays on the opposite surface of said channels, said first and second channel driver means operatively connected to said potential source for controllably connecting associated electrodes to said potential source;

a first and second drive means, with the first drive means connected to all electrodes of the second pairs of arrays positioned on one surface of said channels and the second drive means connected to all electrodes of the second pairs of arrays positioned on the opposite surface of said channels, said first and second drive means sequentially connected to said potential source for connecting asso ciated electrodes sequentially to said potential source;

logic means for selecting and sequentially controlling said first and second channel drive means so as to cause the plasma discharges within the channel serviced by the selected channel driver means to shift while holding all other plasma discharges within the nonselected channels.

6. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim wherein corresponding input electrodes of said at least two plasma charge transfer devices are connected together such that identical potentials are applied to corresponding input electrodes of each plasma charge transfer device.

7. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 5 wherein said logic means is comprised of:

a four phase signal source for providing two adjacent phased signals to said first and second drive means respectively;

a selecting means for providing signals indicative of the selection of a plasma charge transfer device; and

means responsive to the selection signals from said selecting means for receiving and gating another two adjacent phased signals from said four phase signal source to the channel driver means associated with the selected plasma charge transfer device.

8. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 5 wherein said logic means further comprises: input data means for providing signals indicative of a selected character;

character generator means for transforming said provided signals into a preset sequence of signals corresponding to the selected character and for feeding said preset sequence of signals to said input electrode means so as to cause associated discharges to occur in said plasma charge transfer devices with the positioning of the discharges being proportional to the configuration of the character selected. 7

9. In a plasma discharge system having at least two plasma charge transfer devices wherein each of the transfer devices is comprised in part of an envelope defining at least one channel containing an ionizable medium, a plurality of electrodes positioned sequentially and alternately along opposite surfaces of said channel, said electrodes being arranged such that every other electrode on each of the opposing surfaces is commonly connected together to form first and second pairs of oppositely positioned arrays, an input electrode means within each channel arranged with respect to the nearest oppositely located electrode in said first pair of oppositely positioned arrays such that a selected potential occurring between said input electrode and the nearest oppositely located electrode will cause a plasma discharge to exist in the channel wherein the improvement comprises:

a signal source for providing first, second, third and fourth sequentially phased signals, means for applying said third and fourth phased signals to said second pairs of oppositely positioned arrays of opposing electrodes to effect a sequencing potential between said electrodes;

means for applying said second phased signal to the array of electrodes in said first pairs of oppositely positioned arrays of electrodes which are located adjacent said input electrode means;

a plurality of drive means, corresponding in number to the number of plasma charge transfer devices, for controllably applying said first phased signal to the array of electrodes in said first pairs of oppositely positioned arrays of electrodes which are located opposite said input electrode means upon receipt of a selection signal; and

logic means for providing a selection signal to particular drive means so as to cause the channel associated with said drive means to enter and shift discharges within said plasma charge transfer devices.

10. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 9 wherein corresponding input electrodes of said at least two plasma charge transfer devices are connected together such that identical potentials are applied to corresponding input electrodes of each plasma charge transfer device.

1 1. The improved plasma discharge system according to claim 9 wherein said logic means further comprises: input data means for providing signals indicative of a selected character;

character generator means for transforming said provided signals into a preset sequence of signals corresponding to the selected character and for feeding said preset sequence of signals to said input electrode means so as to cause associated discharges to occur in said plasma charge transfer devices with the positioning of the discharges being proportional to the configuration of the character selected.

* i h i

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US3878430 *Jun 19, 1973Apr 15, 1975Fujitsu LtdSelf shift display panel driving system
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Classifications
U.S. Classification345/61
International ClassificationG09G3/28, G09G3/285, G09G3/29, H01J11/00, H01J17/49
Cooperative ClassificationH01J11/12, G09G3/29
European ClassificationH01J11/12, G09G3/29