|Publication number||US3775781 A|
|Publication date||Dec 4, 1973|
|Filing date||Oct 15, 1971|
|Priority date||Oct 15, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3775781 A, US 3775781A, US-A-3775781, US3775781 A, US3775781A|
|Inventors||J Bruno, R Pietras|
|Original Assignee||J Bruno, R Pietras|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (84), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Bruno et a]. Dec. 4, 1973 [5 PATIENT TURNING APPARATUS 3,526,908 9/1970 Davis 5/81 R  Inventors: Joan F. Bruno, 2668 6th Ave.;
Richard E. Pietras, 917 Lipman Primary ExaminerCasmir A. Nunberg St. both f San Diego, C ]if Attorney-Richard K. MacNeil  Filed: Oct. 15, 1971  ABSTRACT  Appl. No.: 189,702
' A patient turning apparatus, for operationby a patient, in which a two-sectioned air mattress is placed  US. Cl. 5/61, 5/8l R, 5/348 on a patientvs bed having a width generally cont-(mm [5 Ilit. to the of the bed and a length terminating at Fleld of Search 68, 81, 88, the patients Shoulders and calves Each section of h 5/91 348; 291/253; 128/33 air mattress is coupled through a different solenoid operated valve to a source of air pressure. A switch  References C'ted box disposed above the patients head, having coded UNITED STATES PATENTS buttons, operates the solenoids and allows the patient 3,477,071 11/1969 Emerson 5/61 to i fl i h si f ing a turn ei h to he l f 2,769,182 11/1956 Nunlist or right, with a third control for exhausting both sec- 2,649,595 8/1953 Lewin tions of the air mattress when desired 1,772,310 8/1930 Hart 3,485,240 12/1969 Fountain 128/33 3 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATIENT TURNING APPARATUS RELATED PATENTS The following patents were turned up by a patentably search of the prior art: US. Pat. Nos. 3,477,071; 3,485,240; 2,649,595; 3,526,908; 2,769,182; and
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a patient turning apparatus and more particularly to a patient turning apparatus which can be operated by the patient.
According to the invention,a patient tuming apparatus is provided having an air mattress with left and ght sections thereon for placing on a patients bed. The patient will typically be lying in the center where the two sections are joined. Should the patient desire to turn to the right, the left section will be inflated througha solenoid operated valve having a control button disposed within easy reach of the patient. A second solenoid operated valve inflates the opposite section turning the patient in the opposite direction. A third control button deflates both sections simultaneously when desired.
An object of the present invention is the provision of an improved patient turning apparatus.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a patient turning apparatus which can be conveniently operated by the patient. I
A further object of the invention is the provision of a patient turning apparatus which does not interfere with the patients head or feet.
- Yet another object of the invention is the provision of a patient turning apparatus which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and extremely convenient in use. Y
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to. the following detailed description when considered in connection with the ac: com-panying drawings in which like, referencenumen als designate like parts through-out the FIGURES whereof and wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention in situ;
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of the present invention utilized in turning a patient in one direction;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view illustrating the present invention turning the patient in a second direction; and
FIG. 4 is a schematic representation showing the control circuitry of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Referring to FIG. 1, a bed is shown generally at 11,having a mattress 12 on a frame 13. An air mattress having sections 14 and 15 is shown disposed on top of mattress 12 with a patient 16 illustrated in phantom on top of the two sectioned air mattress. Air mattress 15 is secured to mattress 12 by straps l7 and 18. Control box 19 has a right turn switch 21,a left turn switch 22 and a stop button 23. Control box 19 has an electric cable 24 coupled to solenoid box 26. Solenoid box 26 has an air input line 27,electric input line 28, and air output lines 29 and 31.Air output lines 29 and 31 are coupled to sections 15 and 14,respectively.
Referring to FIG. 2,mattress 12 is shown with inflatable sections 14 and 15 of the air mattress. Sections 14 and 15 have intake lines 31 and 29, respectively.Section l5is shown with arrows indicating air pressure therein and is inflated turning patient 16 on one side.
Referring to FIG. 3,mattress 12 is shown with air Contact 36A of solenoid 41 is coupled to another' side of solenoid38. Contact 44 of solenoid 38 is connected to another side of switch 34 and contact 44 A of solenoid 38 is connected to another side of solenoid 41. Another side of 381s connected to another side of valve solenoid 42 and another .side of solenoid 41 is connected to another side of valve solenoid43.
Valve solenoids 42 and 43 actuate solenoid valves 44 and 46,respective-ly. Solenoid valves 44 and 46 have exhaust lines 47 and 48,respectively, and intake lines coupled to pressure input'line 49 through regulator 51. Solenoid valves 44 and 46 have exhaust lines 29 and 31 coupled to air mattress sections 15 and 14. A patient 16 is shown lying on top of sections 14 and. 15.
OPERATION Referring now to all of the FIGURES and particularly to FIG. 4 a sequence of operation will be described. Quiescently electrical power is applied through plug 30 to input leads 32 and 33. Input lead 33 can be considered the return lead and supplies one side of the line through stop switch 39 to the lower ends of solenoids 38 and 41 and to the lower ends of valve solenoids 42 and 43.
Lead 32,which can be considered the hot side,applies power to open turn, switches 36 and 39 which when depressed actuates either relay 38 through back contacts 36A of solenoid 41 or relay 41 through back contact 44A of solenoid 38. In this manner when solenoid 38 or 41 is actuated the other onecan not be actuated because of the break in the back contact circuit. When either solenoid 38 or 41 is actuated holding contacts 37 or 36,respectively,keep that solenoid in actuation until the return circuit is broken via stop switch 39.
When solenoid 38 is actuated through turn switch 36,valve solenoid 42 is simultaneously thrown,opening solenoid valve 44 to the path from input line 49 regulator 41 and pressure line 29 to section 15 of the air mattress. This will inflate section 15 and turn the patient as indicated in FIG. 2.When it is desired to deflate section 15 stop button 39 is depressed denergizing solenoids 38 and 42,which exhaust section 15 through exhaust line 47 of solenoid valve 44. When turn switch 34 is depressed solenoid 41 is actuated through contacts 44A of solenoid 38 and simultaneously valve solenoid 43 is actuated opening valve 46 through regulator 51 into pressure line 31 which inflates section 14 of the air mattress and turns the patient as illustrated in FIG. 3.
Referring particularly to FIG. 1 it is emphasized that sections 44 and 15 of the air mattress have a length dimension for excluding the head and feet portions of the patient in the turning operation.This means that the feet are free to move in any manner the patient desires and a pillow is not affected by the inflation of either section.
It should be understoodpf course,that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure which do not constitute from the departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
at least one solenoid actuated valve coupling said source of air pressure to said first and second sections; and
first and second switches in operable proximity to said patient for actuating said first and second sole noid actuated valves.
2. The patient turning apparatus of claim 1 wherein:
said at least one solenoid actuated valves have an exhaust position for deflating said first and second sections.
3. The patient turning apparatus of claim 2 and further including: .x
an exhaust button mounted in proximity to said patient and coupled to said at least one solenoid actuated valves for deactivating said at least one solenoid actuated valves and thereby deflating said at least one valves.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1772310 *||Dec 16, 1926||Aug 5, 1930||Julian D Hart||Variable-pressure bed or mattress|
|US2649595 *||Dec 29, 1951||Aug 25, 1953||Lewin Mordcha M||Adjustable bed mattress|
|US2769182 *||Apr 21, 1954||Nov 6, 1956||Erwin J Nunlist||Inflatable mattress lifters|
|US3477071 *||Oct 14, 1968||Nov 11, 1969||John H Emerson||Device for automatically shifting the body of a patient|
|US3485240 *||Mar 15, 1967||Dec 23, 1969||Edmund M Fountain||Hospital bed with inflatable patient turning means|
|US3526908 *||Oct 24, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Davis Sanford||Body-turning device for a hospital patient|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3895403 *||Apr 5, 1974||Jul 22, 1975||Davis Sanford||Patient orienting device|
|US3935604 *||Jun 10, 1974||Feb 3, 1976||Collins Robert A||Support device for lifting and supporting patients|
|US4005498 *||Jan 19, 1976||Feb 1, 1977||Frank Starr||Patient lifting device|
|US4104425 *||Mar 16, 1977||Aug 1, 1978||Rudolf Felix Homberger||Power cell driven by a gaseous or liquid pressure medium|
|US4225988 *||Jan 30, 1979||Oct 7, 1980||Cary George R||Ortho-turn bed|
|US4637083 *||Mar 13, 1985||Jan 20, 1987||Support Systems International, Inc.||Fluidized patient support apparatus|
|US4653130 *||Nov 28, 1984||Mar 31, 1987||Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.||Bedsore preventing apparatus|
|US4697290 *||May 12, 1986||Oct 6, 1987||Regionala Stiftelsen I Varmland Med Firma Erress||Device comprising a mattress support|
|US4788729 *||Jan 9, 1987||Dec 6, 1988||Walker Robert A||Air mattress with audible pressure relief valve|
|US4794659 *||Dec 18, 1985||Jan 3, 1989||Fuji Electric Company Ltd.||Fluid bed system|
|US4829616 *||Sep 14, 1987||May 16, 1989||Walker Robert A||Air control system for air bed|
|US4890344 *||Jan 31, 1989||Jan 2, 1990||Walker Robert A||Air control system for air bed|
|US4895183 *||Nov 8, 1988||Jan 23, 1990||Ogura Jewel Industry Co., Ltd.||Valve for fluid mat and apparatus for controlling an attitude assumed by fluid mat|
|US4897890 *||May 2, 1986||Feb 6, 1990||Walker Robert A||Air control system for air bed|
|US4945590 *||Apr 6, 1989||Aug 7, 1990||Ogura Jewel Industry Co., Ltd.||Valve for fluid mat and apparatus for controlling an attitude assumed by fluid mat|
|US4962553 *||Apr 19, 1989||Oct 16, 1990||Marquis Charles E||Inflatable mattress structure|
|US5003654 *||Sep 28, 1988||Apr 2, 1991||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Method and apparatus for alternating pressure of a low air loss patient support system|
|US5016268 *||Oct 6, 1989||May 14, 1991||Lotman D Barry||Patient support|
|US5044029 *||Apr 9, 1990||Sep 3, 1991||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Alternating pressure low air loss bed|
|US5052067 *||Jul 18, 1990||Oct 1, 1991||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Bimodal system for pressurizing a low air loss patient support|
|US5062167 *||Jul 18, 1990||Nov 5, 1991||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Bimodal turning method|
|US5062171 *||Mar 12, 1990||Nov 5, 1991||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Patient support air bags and related system with connectors for detachable mounting of the bags|
|US5065466 *||Jul 19, 1990||Nov 19, 1991||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Quick disconnect coupling for a low air loss patient support|
|US5073999 *||Jul 20, 1990||Dec 24, 1991||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Method for turning a patient with a low air loss patient support|
|US5095568 *||Jul 19, 1990||Mar 17, 1992||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Modular low air loss patient support system|
|US5103511 *||Mar 1, 1990||Apr 14, 1992||Hector Sequin||Oscillatory bed|
|US5103519 *||Sep 4, 1990||Apr 14, 1992||Hasty Charles E||Air support bed with patient movement overlay|
|US5121512 *||Nov 1, 1989||Jun 16, 1992||Irene Kaufmann||Auxiliary inflatable device serving as mattress|
|US5121513 *||Jul 19, 1990||Jun 16, 1992||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Air sack support manifold|
|US5142719 *||Feb 19, 1991||Sep 1, 1992||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Patient supporting method for averting complications of immobility|
|US5142720 *||Jul 22, 1991||Sep 1, 1992||Kansas Creative Device, Inc.||Positioning device and method|
|US5152021 *||Mar 18, 1991||Oct 6, 1992||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Low air loss bag for patient support system|
|US5170522 *||Dec 16, 1991||Dec 15, 1992||Select Comfort Corporation||Air adjustable bed|
|US5182826 *||Apr 29, 1991||Feb 2, 1993||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Method of blower control|
|US5251349 *||Mar 19, 1992||Oct 12, 1993||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Multi-modal patient support system|
|US5394577 *||Mar 29, 1993||Mar 7, 1995||James; Ingrid B.||Therapeutic anti-decubitus, lateral rotation mattress|
|US5452486 *||Jun 17, 1994||Sep 26, 1995||Czako; Josef||Inflatable lifting device for the bedridden|
|US5526543 *||Dec 30, 1993||Jun 18, 1996||Nova Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for treating or preventing bed sores|
|US5560057 *||Jul 1, 1994||Oct 1, 1996||Madsen; Roger T.||Turning air mattress|
|US5603133 *||Feb 17, 1995||Feb 18, 1997||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Apparatus for alternating pressure of a low air loss patient support system|
|US5606754 *||Jul 17, 1995||Mar 4, 1997||Ssi Medical Services, Inc.||Vibratory patient support system|
|US5647079 *||Mar 20, 1996||Jul 15, 1997||Hill-Rom, Inc.||Inflatable patient support surface system|
|US5745942 *||Oct 19, 1995||May 5, 1998||Geomarine Systems, Inc.||Simplified control for lateral rotation therapy mattresses|
|US5802645 *||Oct 15, 1997||Sep 8, 1998||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Low air loss bag for patient support|
|US5970550 *||Apr 29, 1997||Oct 26, 1999||Gazes; Jimmy||Multiple compartment inflatable mattress|
|US5983429 *||Sep 23, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Stacy; Richard B.||Method and apparatus for supporting and for supplying therapy to a patient|
|US6073291 *||Feb 21, 1997||Jun 13, 2000||Davis; David T.||Inflatable medical patient transfer apparatus|
|US6098222 *||Feb 21, 1997||Aug 8, 2000||Hill-Rom Company, Inc.||Vibratory patient support system|
|US6154900 *||Jul 28, 1999||Dec 5, 2000||Shaw; Mark||Patient turning apparatus|
|US6163908 *||Sep 8, 1998||Dec 26, 2000||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Air sac for oscillating low air loss bed|
|US6282737||Feb 18, 1997||Sep 4, 2001||John H. Vrzalik||Apparatus for alternating pressure of a low air loss patient support|
|US6415814||Aug 7, 2000||Jul 9, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vibratory patient support system|
|US6493888 *||Apr 18, 2000||Dec 17, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Pediatric mattress|
|US6665898 *||Dec 3, 2001||Dec 23, 2003||Bruce Gordon||Device for correcting a sagging bed|
|US6708352||Dec 16, 2002||Mar 23, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient support apparatus and method|
|US6718584||Dec 13, 2000||Apr 13, 2004||Technevolve Limited||Patient support|
|US6735800||Jun 27, 2000||May 18, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Disposable mattress portion|
|US6820640||Jul 8, 2002||Nov 23, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vibratory patient support system|
|US6966081 *||Jun 14, 2004||Nov 22, 2005||Lewis Sharps||Transport and positioning system for use in hospital operating rooms|
|US6990700 *||Jun 22, 2001||Jan 31, 2006||Team Worldwide Corporation||Inflatable product provided with electric air pump|
|US7065815 *||Dec 7, 2004||Jun 27, 2006||Gaymar Industries, Inc.||Inflatable pads with adjustable static hold downs|
|US7080422 *||Feb 6, 2006||Jul 25, 2006||Michael Ben-Levi||Automatic patient turner|
|US7114207 *||Oct 30, 2003||Oct 3, 2006||Team Worldwide Corporation||Inflatable product provided with electric air pump|
|US7152265 *||Oct 30, 2003||Dec 26, 2006||Team Worldwide Corporation||Inflatable product provided with electric air pump|
|US7464422||Jul 3, 2006||Dec 16, 2008||Bobie Kenneth Townsend||Inflatable device for turning people on their side and back again|
|US8429774||Aug 13, 2010||Apr 30, 2013||Hill-Rom Industries Sa||Lateral tilt device|
|US8601622||Apr 5, 2013||Dec 10, 2013||Hill-Rom Industries S.A.||Patient support apparatus including a lateral tilt device|
|US8789224||Nov 6, 2001||Jul 29, 2014||Tempur-Pedic Managemant, LLC||Therapeutic mattress assembly|
|US8813276 *||Feb 8, 2010||Aug 26, 2014||Laura Lee||Patient turning system and method|
|US8978184 *||Jan 21, 2013||Mar 17, 2015||Rick Garrett||Patient movement assist device|
|US20040117912 *||Oct 30, 2003||Jun 24, 2004||Team Worldwide Corporation||Inflatable product provided with electric air pump|
|US20040123396 *||Oct 30, 2003||Jul 1, 2004||Team Worldwide Corporation||Inflatable product provided with electric air pump|
|US20050120486 *||Dec 7, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Gaymar Industries, Inc.||Inflatable pads with adjustable static hold downs|
|US20050166328 *||Mar 8, 2005||Aug 4, 2005||Tumamatic Foundation||Automatic patient turner|
|US20050273926 *||Jun 14, 2004||Dec 15, 2005||Lewis Sharps||Transport and positioning system for use in hospital operating rooms|
|US20100199425 *||Aug 12, 2010||Lee Laura W||Patient turning system and method|
|DE2816642A1 *||Apr 17, 1978||Oct 26, 1978||Andersson Irene||Hilfseinrichtung fuer die behandlung bettlaegeriger patienten|
|DE3217981A1 *||May 13, 1982||Nov 11, 1982||Helmut Dr Med Voelkner||Pneumatische wendematratze zur entlastung druckgefaehrdeter gewebsbezirke bei liegenden kranken|
|WO1988001158A1 *||Aug 14, 1987||Feb 25, 1988||Butcher Ian Donald||A body supporting apparatus|
|WO1990007317A1 *||Jan 11, 1989||Jul 12, 1990||Irene Kaufmann||Auxiliary device serving as mattress|
|WO2000009064A1 *||Aug 17, 1998||Feb 24, 2000||David T Davis||Improved inflatable medical patient transfer apparatus|
|WO2001070166A1 *||Mar 21, 2001||Sep 27, 2001||Diaz Manuela Sanchez||Inflatable system for enabling postural changes of patients in a clinical bed or the like|
|WO2004089270A1||Dec 8, 2003||Oct 21, 2004||Michael Ben-Levi||Automatic patient turner|
|WO2005122992A2 *||Jun 9, 2005||Dec 29, 2005||Rakesh Batish||Transport and positioning system for use in hospital operating rooms|
|U.S. Classification||5/607, 5/715|
|International Classification||A61G7/00, A61G7/10|
|Cooperative Classification||A61G2200/32, A61G7/001, A61G7/1021|