|Publication number||US3776580 A|
|Publication date||Dec 4, 1973|
|Filing date||Feb 28, 1972|
|Priority date||Feb 28, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3776580 A, US 3776580A, US-A-3776580, US3776580 A, US3776580A|
|Original Assignee||Micro & Precision Mouldings Lt|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (11), Classifications (5), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
I United States Patent 1191 [111 3,776,580 Michael Dec. 4, 1973  CATCHES 2,946,612 7/1960 Ahlgren 292/17 2 30365 11190  Inventor: Joseph James Michael, Cheltenham, 5 Johnson et al 292/17 England Primary ExammerGeo. V. Larkm  Assignee: Micro & Precision Mouldings A lr i S. Thom on et (Cheltenham) Limited, Cheltenham, England 57 ABSTRACT  Filed: 1972 A catch and a striker therefor are each in the form of  Appl. No.: 229,698 a one-piece plastics moulding. The catch has a back fixing flange from which a re-entrant tubular formation projects, an intumed portion of such formation  US. Cl. 292/17 51 1m. (:1 E05c 7/00, E05c 9/00, E050 19/02, P Slmed whereby 'q E050 19/06 into resiliently flexible tongues. The tubular formatlon 58 Field of Search 49/414-41s, a Femal 9 ii a sgket 2 49/428 43O 292/3 14 17 19 tiono atapermg stemo estr1 er. estn er asa fixmg flange and a catch-engaging stem 15 offset from and projects generally parallel to the striker flange. A  References Clted headed formation of the stem results in the striker UNITED STATES PATENTS being gripped by the resilient catch tongues, and this 650,059 5/1900 Almonte 292/17 grip and fitting of the tapering stem in the taper socket 9841118 2/1911 results in firm lateral location of the striker. 3,086,803 4/1963 842,304 1/1907 11 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures CATCHES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to catches suitable, for example, for use with hinged cupboard doors and of the type comprising a body formed to receive and retain a striker projection of a keeper with a grip which can be freed by pulling the keeper and the catch body apart.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides a catch comprising an integral one-piece body having a fixing flange and a tubular formation which projects forwardly from the flange to provide a central taper socket in which a tapering striker projection of a keeper can be received and retained with a grip which can be freed by pulling the keeper and the catch body apart, said tubular formation being re-entrant to provide a continuous outer wall surrounding and spaced from an inwardly directed portion which is slotted to provide a plurality of resiliently flexible tongues for engagement with the striker projection so that the latter is restrained in all lateral directions.
Four longitudinal slots may be used to provide four tongues for the tubular catch portion, and the body and keeper are desirably each in the form of a plastics moulding with an integral screw-fixing flange. Suitable moulding materials are an acetyl resin for the catch body, which provides the necessary flexibility, and a nylon for the keeper. These compatible materials in particular provide a non-squeak combination. The spacing of the continuous wall from the inwardly directed tongues, between which the striker projection of the keeper is received, can be chosen to limit the outward flexing of the tongues and thereby prevent any possible overstressing thereof.
The body and keeper are preferably moulded so that the bore of the tubular formation is of waisted shape generally complementary to the shape of the striker projection, and in a preferred embodiment this shape has two frusto-conical portions disposed coaxially with their smaller diameter ends adjoining. The outer cone angle of the bore, which provides the taper socket, is preferably slightly greater than that of the corresponding tapering portion of the striker projection of the keeper in order to provide the desired resilient grip these cone angles may for example be 30 and 22. The relative dimensions of the two portions may provide a headed appearance for the striker projection, one portion substantially providing the head and the other a stem section of the projection.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A door catch in accordance with the invention will now be described by way of example and is illustrated in the accompanying-drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is an outer end view of a body of the catch,
FIG. 2 is a sectional view on the line II II of FIG.
FIG. 3 is a side view of a keeper of the catch, and
FIGS. 4 and 5 are respectively views of the keeper in the direction of the arrows IV and V in FIG. 3.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The catch body 11 is an acetyl resin mouldingand has a back plate-like screw-fixing flange 12 from which a re-entrant tubular formation projects forwardly to provide a continuous wall 13 which encircles and is spaced from an inwardly directed portion 14. Throughout substantially its whole length the portion 14 is longitudinally split, as at 15, to provide four equiangularly and symmetrically arranged tongues 16. The spacing of the two walls 13 and 14 is such that outward flexing of the tongues 16 is limited before they are overstressed and the axis 17 of a central through bore of the tubular formation is disposed at right angles to the flange 12. The through bore defines a taper socket which is surrounded by the tongues 16. The recess is of waisted shape with two frusto-conical sections 18 and 19, the outer section 18 providing the taper socket and presenting an inlet cone angle of 30 and the inner section 19 having a cone angle of 60.
The keeper 20, which is a nylon moulding, has a plate-like screw-fixing flange 21 which is disposed parallel to and offset from a headed projection 22 the stem 23 of which is connected to the flange 21 through an upstanding support web 24. The stem 23 acts as a striker and is of tapering frusto-conical shape with a cone angle of 22, and this adjoins a frusto-conical portion which provides most of the head 25 of the projection 22 and which has a cone angle of 60. The leading end of the head 25 presents a short tapering nose 25a with a cone angle of which adjoins the main section through a short cylindrical section 25b. Thus the projection 22 mainly comprises two frusto-conical portions with their smaller diameter ends adjoining, and of a shape generally complementary to the shape of the body bore except that the latter has said inlet cone angle of 30. As the outer portion of the wall having this cone angle opens out to accommodate the stem 23 of the keeper projection the latter is resiliently gripped and retained until released by a sharp pull on the body 11 away from the keeper 20.
The keeper flange 21 is generally U-shaped, with the striker stem 23 projecting centrally between the side limbs of the U in plan view. These side limbs have slots for the fixing screws, which slots are elongated parallel to the stem 23 to allow final adjustment, in the direction of the stern, before the screws are tightened. The web 24 from which the stem 23 projects joins the flange 21 at the inner edge of the intermediate limb of the U shape of the flange.
It will be appreciated that both the described parts of the catch, namely the body 11 and the keeper 20, are intended for surface mounting on the door and surrounding fixed structure respectively. The catch is particularly suitable for use with a cupboard door, and the described form of the keeper 20 enables the flange 21 thereof to be screwed directly to the side surface of a door jamb. The keeper then acts as a door stop so that a separate stop is not required, nor does a mounting block or bracket have to be fixed to the jamb. With catches in general use a door stop and/or a keeper mounting block or bracket is normally required. Engagement of the keeper projection in the taper socket of the catch also provides relative vertical location of the parts and rigidifies the structure in a horizontal plane. With prior catches it is commonly necessary to provide a separate pin and socket for this purpose.
1. A catch comprising an intergral one-piece body having a fixing flange and a tubular formation which is open at both ends and projects forwardly from the flange to provide a central -taper socket, and a keeper having a tapering striker projection which can be received in the taper socket and retained therein with a grip which can be freed by pulling the keeper and the catch body apart, said tubular formation being reentrant to provide a continuous outer wall surrounding and spaced from an inwardly directed portion which is slotted to provide a plurality of resiliently flexible tongues for engagement with the striker projection so that the latter is restrained in all lateral directions.
2. A catch according to claim 1 and said keeper, wherein the keeper is of one-piece moulded form with a fixing flange spaced from and generally parallel to the striker projection which has a headed taper stern for engagement in the taper socket of the catch body.
3. A catch and striker according to claim 2, wherein an upstanding support web of the keeper is joined at one edge to the keeper flange and the taper stem projects from one side face of the support web.
4. A catch according to claim 2, wherein the catch body is moulded from an acetyl resin and the keeper is a nylon moulding.
5. A catch according to claim 1 and said striker, wherein the bore of the tubular formation of the catch body is of waisted shape generally complementary to the shape of the striker projection.
6. A catch according to claim 5, wherein said waisted shape comprises two frusto-conical portions disposed coaxially with their smaller diameter ends adjoining and the outer of such portions providing said taper socket.
7. A catch according to claim 6, wherein the taper socket portion of said bore has a slightly greater cone angle than that of the corresponding tapering portion of the striker projection in order to provide the desired resilient grip.
8. A catch according to claim 7, wherein said cone angle of the bore is of the order of 30 and that of the corresponding portion of the striker projection is of the order of 22.
9. A catch and striker combination wherein the catch is a one-piece plastics moulding comprising a fixing flange and an open-ended re-entrant tubular formation with an inturned portion which is longitudinally slotted to provide resiliently flexible tongues to grip the striker and which has a central bore providing a taper socket, and said striker is also a one-piece moulding comprising a fixing flange and a catch-engaging stem ofiset from and projecting generally parallel to the striker flange, said stern having a headed form so that it is gripped by said resilient tongues and a tapering stern which fits said taper socket.
10. A catch and striker combination according to claim 9, wherein said inturned portion of the catch has four equiangularly arranged longitudinal slots providing four symmetrically arranged resiliently flexible tongues.
11. A catch and striker according to claim 9, wherein the flange of the keeper is cut away on the side towards which the stem thereof projects to provide, in plan view, a generally U-shaped flange with the stem mounted on the intermediate limb of the U and projecting centrally between the side limbs of the U, which side limbs are provided with screw fixing holes.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 77 ,5 Dated December I 1973 Invent Michael Josenh James It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
On the cover sheet item Joseph James Michael" should read Michael Joseph James Signed and sealed this 30th day of April 197R.
EDWARD I'-'I.FLETCHER,JR. C MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer v Commissioner of Patents FORM B04050 (10- USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 q us GOI/IFRIQIIYN'T fnmf'mp omcz p09 9-38-38.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US650059 *||Jan 9, 1900||May 22, 1900||Bernard Almonte||Door stop and holder.|
|US842304 *||Dec 30, 1905||Jan 29, 1907||Charles Gaylord Deming||Door-check.|
|US984118 *||Feb 14, 1911||Greene Tweed & Co Inc||Door-check.|
|US2530365 *||Jun 25, 1948||Nov 14, 1950||Nels H Johnson||Doorstop and catch assembly|
|US2946612 *||Feb 24, 1958||Jul 26, 1960||Amerock Corp||Self-alining catch|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US4022504 *||Mar 15, 1976||May 10, 1977||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Latch receptacle|
|US4462645 *||Feb 2, 1982||Jul 31, 1984||Bosch-Siemens Hausgerate Gmbh||Cooling appliance, especially a household refrigerator or the like|
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|US6931897 *||Feb 11, 2003||Aug 23, 2005||Joseph Talpe||Lock for a sliding door or gate|
|US8601650 *||Jan 21, 2009||Dec 10, 2013||Yazaki Corporation||Attachment structure of clip|
|US20030150247 *||Feb 11, 2003||Aug 14, 2003||Joseph Talpe||Lock for a sliding door or gate|
|US20060042815 *||Mar 13, 2003||Mar 2, 2006||Johnson Controls Interiors Gmbh & Co. Kg||Rod passage,especially for actuating rods in motor vehicles|
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|US20130020813 *||Jan 24, 2013||Storr Walter K||Door latch assembly with movable lock plate|
|International Classification||E05C19/00, E05C19/06|
|Nov 26, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MEESPIERSON CAPITAL CORP., DELAWARE CORPORATION, N
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN UNITED STATES TRADEMARKS AND PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:MEES PIERSON, N.V., NEW YORK AGENCY;REEL/FRAME:008744/0973
Effective date: 19971120
|Apr 2, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MEES PIERSON N.V., NEW YORK AGENCY, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN UNITED STATES TRADEMARKS AND PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:HARTWELL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:008430/0578
Effective date: 19970324