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Publication numberUS3777203 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1973
Filing dateJan 11, 1972
Priority dateJan 11, 1972
Publication numberUS 3777203 A, US 3777203A, US-A-3777203, US3777203 A, US3777203A
InventorsFukuda K, Nakai H, Takami Y, Terashima E, Yamada J
Original AssigneeHitachi Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Color picture tube shadow mask of low carbon soft steel
US 3777203 A
Abstract
A color picture tube in which a color selective electrode is disposed in close proximity to a phosphor screen and is provided with a plurality of openings through which electron beams emanating from electron guns pass to impinge against the phosphor dots. The color selective electrode is made of a plate of soft steel containing 0.002 to 0.012 percent by weight of carbon for minimizing the formation of undesirable projections on the side wall surface of the openings.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 [111 3,777,203 Yamada et al. Dec. 4, 1973 COLOR PICTURE TUBE SHADOW MASK OF LOW CARBON SOFT STEEL Inventors: Junichi Yamada; Etuzo Terashima;

Yasuji Takami; Kenji Fukuda; Hiromitu Nakai, all of Mobara-shi, Japan [73] Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan [22] Filed: Jan. 11, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 216,438

[52] US. Cl. 313/85 S, 313/92 B [51] H01j 29/06 [58] Field of Search 313/85 S, 92 B [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,762,942 9/l956 Palmer 313/92 B X 3,368,098 2/1968 Demmy 313/85 S 3,479,546 11/1969 Mears 313/85 S OTHER PUBLICATIONS Wrought Stainless Steels Publication; page 409 of Volume l of Society for Metals Handbook; 1967 Primary ExaminerRoy Lake Assistant ExaminerSiegfried I-I. Grimm Att0rneyPaul M. Craig, Jr. et al.

[57] ABSTRACT A color picture tube in which a color selective electrode is disposed in close proximity to a phosphor screen and is provided with a plurality of openings through which electron beams emanating from electron guns pass to impinge against the phosphor dots. The color selective electrode is made of a plate of soft steel containing 0.002 to 0.012 percent by weight of carbon for minimizing the formation of undesirable projections on the side wall surface of the openings.

2 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure COLOR PICTURE TUBE SHADOW MASK OF LOW CARBON SOFT STEEL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a color picture tube and more particularly to a color selective electrode thereof.

2. Description of the Prior Art A color picture tube, for example, a shadow mask type color picture tube has such a construction that a color selective electrode or shadow mask is disposed between electron guns and a phosphor screen and the position of electron beam passing openings of the shadow mask relative to the phosphor dots on the phosphor screen and to the electron guns is suitably selected so as to obtain a desired color picture.

However, the shadow mask employed in conventional color picture tubes has been defective in that many projections exist on substantially the entire surface of the shadow mask including the side wall surface of the openings and the electron beams impinge against these projections thereby giving rise to one of the sources of objectionable halation in the color picture tube. These projections consist principally of iron carbide (Fe C) and are considered to be produced due to aggregation and growth of the crystals of iron carbide. Therefore, the formation of the undesirable projections must be prevented by suppressing the aggregation and growth of the iron carbide crystals. However, it has been extremely difficult to prevent the growth of iron carbode crystals.

In an effort to obviate the above drawback, means have been employed heretofore according to which blanks of soft steel for forming the shadow mask therefrom are annealed over tens of hours, for example, 40 hours at a temperature of the order of the order of 650 C for the purpose of tempering and the satisfactorily tempered blanks are then subjected to microscopic structural analysis for the exclusive and careful selection of the materials in which the carbide is finely and uniformly distributed. However, the conventional means above described has involved various problems which hinder the mass production in that not only the annealing over such an extended period of time and the exclusive and careful selection of suitable blanks by microscopic structural analysis result in a very troublesome process, but also in an undesirable increase in the manufacturing cost and an undesirable reduction in the operating efficiency results.

Recently, a color picture tube of a so-called black matrix type has been proposed. This color picture tube has such a structure that the diameter of phosphor dots is smaller than that of electron beams impinging thereagainst and the space between the phosphor dots is covered with a light absorbing material such as graphite. In the manufacture of this black matrix type color picture tube, it is common practice to employ a shadow mask of a so-called post etched type which is called by this name due to the fact that post etching is applied thereto for enlarging the diameter of openings of the shadow mask after exposure to form the phosphor screen. In this case too, projections are frequently formed on the side wall surface of the openings of the shadow mask having been subjected to the post etching even when the shadow mask is made of a carefully selected material annealed over an extended period of time and is free from any projections during the step of exposure to form the phosphor screen. Thus, a vital defect has been unavoidable with the conventional process as far as it resorts to the post etching and the prevention of objectionable halation in the color picture tube has been nearly impossible.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a color picture tube having a unique color selective electrode for minimizing the formation of undesirable projections on the side wall surfaces of electron beam passing openings.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a color picture tube in which one of the sources of objectionable halation is removed and which ensures improved color purity.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a color picture tube which is suitable for mass production due to the simplification of the manufacturing process.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The sole FIGURE isa partly cut-away side elevation of a color picture tube embodying the present inventlOn.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT An embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawing. While the following description refers, by way of example, to a shadow mask type color picture tube in which a color selective electrode is in the form of a shadow mask which is provided with a plurality of openings for passing electron beams therethrough, it will be understood that the present invention is also applicable to a Chromatron (Trade Mark) type color picture tube which is provided with a color selective electrode commonly called a grid having a plurality of slits for passing electron beams therethrough.

Referring to the drawing, an envelope 1 consists of a neck portion 2, a funnel portion 3 and a panel portion 4. A phosphor screen 6 consisting of an assembly of phosphor dots (not shown) is formed on the inner surface 5a of the front wall 5 of the panel portion 4. Electron guns 7 emanating an electron beam 10 for each of the primary colors are disposed within the neck portion 2 of the envelope 1. A shadow mask 8 is disposed in close proximity to the phosphor screen 6 between the phosphor screen 6 and the electron guns 7 and is fixed within the panel portion 4 of the envelope 1 by being supported by means such as a mask support 9.

The present invention is intended to limit the carbon content of the material of the shadow mask 8 for the purpose of minimizing the formation of undesirable projections produced by the aggregation and growth of iron carbide crystals. According to the present invention, the shadow mask 8 is made of a plate of soft steel which contains carbon in an amount of from 0.002 to 0.0l2 percent by weight, preferably from 0.002 to 0.006 percent by weight.

A carbon content of more than about 0.02 percent by weight is undesirable in that projections tend to appear onthe side wall surface of the openings. An extremely low carbon content is also undesirable in that the shadow mask made of such a low carbon steel does not possess a sufficient mechanical strength. Thus, a carbon content of at least 0.002 percent by weight is absolutely necessary. Experimental results have proved that a carbon content of 0.002 to 0.006 percent by weight is most desirable. It has been found, however, that the carbon content may be increased to about 0.012 percent by weight without appreciably producing projections.

When the shadow mask is made of a plate of soft steel containing carbon in an amount of about 0.002 to 0.012 percent by weight, the mechanical strength of the shadow mask may be reduced depending on the temperature, duration and other conditions of treatment, resulting in deformation of the shadow mask. However, this undesirable deformation can be sufficiently eliminated by securely fixing the shadow mask by means such as a mask support or increasing the number of levelling by a roller leveller during the manufacture of the shadow mask.

It will be understood from the foregoing description that the color picture tube according to the present invention is provided with a shadow mask which is made of a plate of soft steel containing carbon in an amount of from 0.002 to 0.012 percent by weight, preferably from 0.002 to 0.006 percent by weight. In the color picture tube, the shadow mask is substantially free from undesirable projections formed on the side wall surface of the openings thereof thereby minimizing objectionable halation. The shadow mask is suitable for mass production due to the fact that annealing over an extended period of time and microscopic structural analysis for the exclusive and careful selection of suitable ones are unnecessary. Thus,troublesome steps are not required for the production of the shadow mask which can therefore be manufactured at low cost.

We claim:

1. A color picture tube comprising an envelope consisting of a neck portion, a funnel portion and a panel portion, electron guns disposed within said neck portion, a phosphor screen formed on the inner surface of the front wall of said panel portion opposite to said electron guns, and a color selective electrode disposed in close proximity to said phosphor screen and having a plurality of openings for passing the electron beams emanating from said electron guns therethrough, said color selective electrode being made of a palte of soft steel containing carbon, the carbon content being 0.002 to 0.012 percent by weight.

2. A color picture tube as defined in claim 1 wherein the carbon content of the soft steel from which the color selective electrode is made is 0.002 to 0.006 percent by weight.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2762942 *Dec 22, 1954Sep 11, 1956American Brass CoApertured mask
US3368098 *Mar 1, 1965Feb 6, 1968Rca CorpShadow mask welded to frame at twelve points
US3479546 *Jun 11, 1968Nov 18, 1969Buckbee Mears CoSelf-supporting shadow mask for colored tv picture tubes
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Wrought Stainless Steels Publication; page 409 of Volume 1 of Society for Metals Handbook; 1967
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3909656 *May 2, 1974Sep 30, 1975Zenith Radio CorpLayered, one-sided etched color selection electrode
US4292565 *Apr 19, 1979Sep 29, 1981Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaShadow mask assembly for a cathode ray tube
US6252343 *Jan 20, 1999Jun 26, 2001Samsung Display Divices Co., LtdShadow mask for cathode ray tube and method of manufacturing same
Classifications
U.S. Classification315/85, 313/402
International ClassificationH01J29/07
Cooperative ClassificationH01J2229/0733, H01J29/07
European ClassificationH01J29/07