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Publication numberUS3777649 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 11, 1973
Filing dateMar 31, 1972
Priority dateMar 31, 1972
Publication numberUS 3777649 A, US 3777649A, US-A-3777649, US3777649 A, US3777649A
InventorsLuckey W
Original AssigneeLuckey W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Frieze vent
US 3777649 A
Abstract
A prefabricated apparatus used for occupying the space between the roofing material and the outer walls of a building, the size of such space being dependent upon the vertical dimension of the rafters supporting the roofing material and the horizontal distance between rafters. The apparatus is provided with corrugations so that it may be adjusted for variations in the normal sizes of the space and the rafters.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Luckey Dec. 11, 1973 [54] FRIEZE VENT 2,969,726 1/1961 Bottom 98/37 l 42 19 4 h 9 1 Inventor: William Luke 3043 Jefferson ijziiiia 21926 $2221, 5313 Ave., El Paso, Tex. 2 Filed; Man 31 1972 Primary Examiner-William J. Wye

Att0rneyNed L. Conley et al, [21] App]. No.: 240,214

. [57] ABSTRACT [52] U.S. Cl .L...' 98/37, 98/29, 52/94, A prefabricated apparatus used for occupying the 52/95, 52/198, 52/199 space between the roofing material and the outer [5 1] Int. Cl F24f 7/00 walls of a building, the size of such space being depen- [58] Field of Search 52/94, 95, 198, 199; dent upon the vertical dimension of the rafters sup- 98/DIG. 6, 37, 29 porting the roofing material and the horizontal distance between rafters. The apparatus is provided with [56] References Cited corrugations so that it may be adjusted for variations UNITED STA S PATENTS in the normal sizes of the space and the rafters. 2,954,727 10/1960 Katt 98/33 12 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures ill I 9 7 K 5 Q j /0 q l /0 v Q 'l 9a Q Q a Q Q T 5 Q Q q a Q Q 1 Q Q I T 5a a l Q v il J 4 J W PATENIED DEC 1 1 i973 1 FRIE'ZE VENT- BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention, relates to frieze vents for buildings.

2. Description of thePrior Art Ithas long been the practice that in order to seal the space between the roofing material and outside walls of a building, bounded on the ends by the rafters a socalled frieze board would be constructed by carefully measuring the spacing between the rafters, cutting notches in a long board to fit around the rafters, and nailing the board in place. Vent holes are sometimes provided, which holes may be covered with screen wire.

The above method of construction and installation of a frieze board has been an arduous and time consuming task. That probelm is solved by the frieze vent, which is prefabricated and easily installed. The vent can be prefabricated because it is adjustable to variations in the normal size of the space between the rafters.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is a prefabricated sheet of metal, plastic or other material which is used to occupy the spaces between the roofing material and outside walls of a building. This space is caused by the vertical dimensions of the rafters which raise the roofing material above the outside walls.

The frieze vent is prefabricated in a number of sizes designed to conform to various dimensions and spacings of the rafters, and it is provided with means for adjusting its dimensions to accommodate variations in the normal sizes of the openings. It is perforated to a degree to allow ventilation of the attic space enclosed but at the same time to exclude the entry of birds and large insects. The invention is provided with ears in order that it may be easily installed by connection to the wooden rafters.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, many forms of apparatus may be utilized to practice the method of this invention. The accompanying drawings show a preferred embodiment of apparatus which may be used to practice the method of this invention.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the frieze vent in place;

FIG. 2 is a front view of one embodiment of the frieze vent showing the connecting ears, corrugations and bent edge in perspective;

FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view of the embodiment of FIG. 2 taken at line 3-3 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view of the embodiment of FIG. 2, taken at line 4-4 of FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows a building structure having rafters 1 supporting roofing materials 2. Due to the vertical di= mension of the rafters, openings 3 are formed between the roofing material 2 and the outer walls 4 of the building. The frieze vent 5 of this invention is used to cover that opening, and is held in place by attaching ears 6 to rafters l.

Referring now to FIG. 2, a front view of the frieze vent 5 shows vent slits 7 through which air may pass, but which is designed to exclude birds and large insects. Also shown are ears 6 to be'attached to rafters, as by means of nails, for which holes 6a may be provided. This attachment operates to hold the frieze vent in place. Bent edge 9 is connected to one longitudinal side of the frieze vent and has extensions 9a which overlay the rafters at each end of the frieze vent. Bent edge 9 provides an upper seal against the roofing material and may be at an angle, for example, of 60 to the plane of the body of the frieze vent so as to be easily bent as necessary during installation to lie substantially against the roofing material 2. Between ears 6 and the perforated portion of the frieze vent is located a crimped section 10 which makes the width of the vent adjustable for imperfect spacings and variations in the dimensions of rafters. A longitudinal extension 11a juts from each end of the bottom longitudinal side of the frieze vent, and is provided with a longitudinally extending corrugation 11 on its upper edge. The extensions 9a and 11a are preferably no longer than about the thickness of a rafter, and more preferably are about half the thickness of a rafter. If the extensions 11a are made longer than half the thickness of a rafter, each such extension is designed to fit inside or overlay the adjacent extension. This design depends upon the degree to which edge 8 is folded at each extension 11a.

FIG. 3 illustrates in detail the installation of one em bodiment of the frieze vent 5 of this invention. One ear 6 is fastened to an adjacent rafter l, as by means of nails 12, the corrugations 10 being contracted or expanded as necessary to allow the frieze vent to fit the width of the opening, and corrugations 11 being expanded or contracted as necessary to engage the bottoms of the rafters and to allow extensions 9a to lie on top of the rafters. Bent edge 9 is shown providing an upper seal against roofing material 2, which is preferably applied after the frieze vent is installed. Also shown in this view are vent slits 7 and folded edge 8 which provides the lower seal against the outer wall 4 of the building.

Referring now to FIG. 4, a horizontal sectional view of a portion of the frieze vent 5 shows vent slits 7, car 6, and crimped section 10, shown partially expanded, which allows the frieze vent to be adjusted for variations in the normal distance between the rafters. Also shown is corrugation 11.

The frieze vent of this invention may be readily stamped from a single flat sheet of aluminum or other metal sheet material, or it may be molded from various materials. Other materials and methods of manufacture will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

The corrugations or crimping at 10 and 11 provide adjustment for minor variations in dimensions of the openings between rafters and for variations in the vertical dimensions of the rafters installed. Various sizes may be made to fit normal rafter sizes and spacings.

As stated, many variations to the above preferred embodiment will be apparent to those skilled in the art. It is impractical to show and describe all the variations included within the invention and as a result the embodiments described should be considered illustrative only, and not limiting the scope of the invention being as broad as is defined by the appended claims. The form of the claims and the specification, including the Abstract, is adopted solely for explanation and should not be considered in interpreting the scope of the invention as claimed.

I claim:

1. A frieze vent comprising:

a flat rectilinear sheet, having first and second parallel longitudinal sides and first and second parallel transverse sides,

longitudinal extensions connected to the first longitudinal side of said sheet and in the same plane as said sheet,

the second longitudinal side of said sheet having an integral edge bent at an angle to said sheet,

said bent edge having longitudinal extensions at each end,

an ear on each transverse side of said sheet and intersecting said sheet at an angle, each ear extending from the extensions of the first longitudinal side to the bent edge extensions of the second longitudinal side,

each extension from the first side having longitudinal corrugations on the side adjacent said ear,

said sheet having a plurality of vent holes on that portion of said sheet-between the ears,

said sheet having transverse corrugations at each end of that portion of the frieze vent which contains the vent holes, said corrugation being adjacent to said ears, and

the first longitudinal side of said sheet, including the extensions thereof, having a folded edge.

2. A frieze vent comprising a piece of sheet material,

integral nailing extensions thereon,

corrugations integral therewith for adjusting the dimensions of the sheet material, and

means provided therein for the through passage of air.

3. A frieze vent comprising a flat rectilinear sheet, having first and second parallel longitudinal sides,

longitudinal extensions from the first side of said sheet and in the same plane as said sheet,

an ear on each end of said sheet and intersecting said sheet at an angle, each ear extending from the extensions from the first side to the second longitudinal side,

said sheet having longitudinal corrugations on each of the extensions from the first side, such corrugations being adjacent to said ears.

4. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 3 comprising the second side of said sheet having an integral longitudinally extending edge bent at an angle to said sheet.

5. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 4,

said bent edge having longitudinal extensions at each end.

6. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 5 said sheet having a plurality of vent holes on that portion of said sheet between the ears.

7. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 6 said sheet having transverse corrugations at each end of that portion of the frieze vent which contains the vent holes, said corrugations being adjacent to said ears.

8. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 7,

the first side of said sheet, including the extensions thereof, having a folded edge.

9. A frieze vent comprising a flat rectilinear sheet, having first and second parallel longitudinal sides,

longitudinal extensions from the first side of said sheet and in the same plane as said sheet,

an ear on each end of said sheet and intersecting said sheet at an angle, each ear extending from the extensions from the first side to the second longitudinal sides,

said sheet having a plurality of vent holes on that portion of said sheet between the ears,

said sheet having transverse corrugations at each end of that portion of the frieze vent which contains the vent holes, said corrugations being adjacent to said ears.

10. A frieze vent as set forth in claim 10, said sheet having longitudinal corrugations on each of the extensions from the first side, such corrugations being adjacent to said cars.

11. A frieze vent comprising a flat rectilinear sheet, having first and second parallel longitudinal sides,

an car on each end of said sheet and intersecting said sheet at an angle,

said sheet having a plurality of vent holes on that portion of said sheet between the ears,

said sheet having transverse corrugations at each end of that portion of the frieze vent which contains the vent holes, said corrugations being adjacent to said ears.

12. A frieze vent comprising a piece of sheet material,

corrugations integral therewith for adjusting the dimensions of the sheet material, and

means provided therein for the through passage of arr.

UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION DATED 2 DECEMBER 11, 1973 INVENTOR(S) 1 WILLIAM A. LUCKEY It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 4, line 30, change "10" to 9 Signed and Scaled this Eighteenth Day of April 1978 [SEALI ,4 msr:

RU'IH MASON LI'TRELLE F. PARKER Arresting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2954727 *Sep 6, 1957Oct 4, 1960Katt Harold MRoof ventilator
US2969726 *Jan 7, 1959Jan 31, 1961Bottom Theodore JBuilding construction
US3125942 *Oct 26, 1960Mar 24, 1964 Soffit ventilator
US3256654 *Apr 26, 1962Jun 21, 1966Pinckney Jr Eustace BSoffit supporting fitting
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4007672 *Jun 23, 1975Feb 15, 1977Luckey William ARafter vent
US4069628 *May 5, 1976Jan 24, 1978Pease CompanyEave thermal baffle for insulation
US4096790 *Jun 24, 1977Jun 27, 1978Curran Laurence EVentilation and insulation baffle
US4126973 *May 17, 1976Nov 28, 1978Luckey William ARafter vent
US4184416 *May 30, 1978Jan 22, 1980Koontz Bryce LCombination thermal insulation stop and ventilation baffle article
US4214510 *Sep 14, 1978Jul 29, 1980Ward Bruce KVent and baffle unit
US4249460 *Aug 23, 1979Feb 10, 1981Mcswain Edward DWall ventilator construction
US4607566 *Jan 10, 1985Aug 26, 1986Glidevale Building & Products LimitedVentilator for use in a roof structure
US4676145 *Jul 7, 1986Jun 30, 1987Allred Robert FVentilating apparatus for building foundations in both brick and siding type structures
US5185974 *Sep 27, 1991Feb 16, 1993Diehl Rollie SIn a building having roof sheathing supported by rafters
US5328406 *May 18, 1993Jul 12, 1994Morris Jr John SFascia ventilator and drip edge
US5370577 *Nov 1, 1993Dec 6, 1994Mike JonettIntegral multi-functional apparatus used with a building truss
US5560158 *Oct 21, 1994Oct 1, 1996Aluma-Crown, Inc.Decorative siding structure for buildings having sidewalls
US5564233 *Oct 21, 1994Oct 15, 1996Aluma-Crown, Inc.For buildings
US5918425 *Dec 13, 1997Jul 6, 1999W. ArchardEave block, vent and channel arrangement
US6151836 *Oct 30, 1997Nov 28, 2000Mcglothlin; W. NealGutter system
US6241602 *May 7, 1999Jun 5, 2001Robert Charles AllenGable end roof ventilator
US6705052 *Apr 18, 2002Mar 16, 2004Plastic Components, Inc.Soffit vent
US6718698Jun 20, 2001Apr 13, 2004Thomas C ThompsonFire-blocking hurricane-earthquake frieze plate
US6941706 *May 10, 2002Sep 13, 2005Monier Lifetile LlcVented eaves closure
US7134252 *Feb 28, 2001Nov 14, 2006Thompson Thomas CRetrofit hurricane and earthquake protection
US7424790Mar 14, 2005Sep 16, 2008Monier, Inc.Vented eaves closure
US7757440Aug 26, 2008Jul 20, 2010Boral Lifetile Inc.Vented eaves closure
US8112945Mar 22, 2011Feb 14, 2012Boral Lifetile, Inc.Vented eaves closure
DE102009034221A1 *Jul 22, 2009Feb 3, 2011Protektorwerk Florenz Maisch Gmbh & Co. KgVentilation profile, has ventilation openings formed in profile flanges, and connecting line designed as predefined bending edge along which ventilation openings are bent against each other
EP0084909A2 *Jan 17, 1983Aug 3, 1983Redland Bouwprodukten B.V.Means for the protection of the lower edge of an inclined roof covered by scaly elements, like roof tiles
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/260, 52/94, 52/95, 52/198, 52/199
International ClassificationE04D13/17, F24F7/00, E04D13/00
Cooperative ClassificationF24F7/00, E04D13/178
European ClassificationF24F7/00, E04D13/17D