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Publication numberUS3778908 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1973
Filing dateJul 27, 1971
Priority dateJul 27, 1971
Publication numberUS 3778908 A, US 3778908A, US-A-3778908, US3778908 A, US3778908A
InventorsW Notbohm
Original AssigneeBlack Dawson Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paper machine drying apparatus
US 3778908 A
Abstract
At least one dryer felt roll in a paper machine dryer section is of the variable crown type so that the pressure with which the roll bears against the dryer felt may be varied along the length of the roll. In this way, nonuniformities in felt tension caused by the deflection of other felt rolls in the dryer section may be compensated for, and more uniform drying of a paper web in the cross machine direction obtained as it is pressed against the dryer drums by the dryer felt.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Appl. No.: 166,400

Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 833,407, June 16, 1969, abandoned.

29/116 AD, 116; 100/162 R;226/192, 194,195

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,873.949 8/1932 Williams 34/116 Notbohm Dec. 18, 1973 1 1 PAPER MACHINE DRYING APPARATUS 3,161,125 12/1964 Hornbostel 100/162 R [75] Inventor: Willard C. Notbohm, watertown 3,443,295 5/1969 Denoyer et a1. 29/1 16 D Primar Examiner-Charles J. M hre 73 A Th Bl k D c Y Y I Sslgnee i g; 2:5 ompany Assistant Examiner-Theophil W. Streule, Jr. Atmrney-Marecha1, Biebel, French & Bugg [22] Filed: July 27, 1971 [57] ABSTRACT At least one dryer felt roll in a paper machine dryer section is of the variable crown type so that the pressure with which the roll bears against the dryer felt may be varied along the length of the roll. In this way, nonuniformities in felt tension caused by the deflection of other felt rolls in the dryer section may be compensated for, and more uniform drying of a paper web in the cross machine direction obtained as it is pressed against the dryer drums by the dryer felt.

13 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAPER MACHINE DRYING APPARATUS CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a continuation of application Ser No. 833,407, filed June 16, 1969 now abandoned, for PAPER MACHINE DRYING APPARATUS.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Conventional practice in drying a web of newly formed paper is to convey the moisture-laden web through a series of presses where water is expressed from the web by pairs of pressure rolls, and then to pass the web through a dryer section comprised of a series of large diameter, steam-heated drums. The drums in the dryer section are generally arranged in two sets, with the axes of the drums of each set oriented in generally the same horizontal plane. The drums in one set are positioned beneath the drums in the other set with their axes offset with respect to the set above them, and the paper web is trained in serpentine fashion about the drums. In this manner the paper web is pressed against the surfaces of each of the heated drums and is in turn heated, causing moisture to be evaporated from the web.

To enhance the drying rate, an endless felt is usually associated with each set of drums to press the wet web against the surface of the drums. To some extent, the pressure with which the felt presses the wet web against the drum surfaces will determine the rate at which the web is dried. It will also be obvious that if the tension in the dryer felt is nonuniform in the cross machine direction, the pressure with which the wet web is pressed against the drum surfaces will also be nonuniform and result in a nonuniform moisture profile in the web.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a somewhat schematic view of a dryer section of a paper machine incorporating the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an elevational view with parts in section showing a variable crown roll which finds utility in the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a plan view of a portion of the dryer felt showing the efiect on the dryer felt seam of varying tension transversely of the felt.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As seen in FIG. l-of the drawings, a web of paper W, shown in phantom lines, is led from the last press of a press section about a pair of rollers 11 and 12, and thence into the dryer section comprising a plurality of additional rollers and referenced in its entirety by the numeral 13. The dryer section 13 comprises an upper set and a lower set 30 of large diameter, steamheated drums with the axes of the drums of each set in substantially the same horizontal plane and with the axes of the drums in the lower set offset with respect to the axes of those in the upper set. In this way, as the web enters the dryer section, it may be trained around each of the drums in serpentine fashion. To press the web W against the surfaces of the drums and to enhance heat transfer from the drums to the web, and hence the drying rate, a pair of endless felts 21 and 31 are provided, one for each set of drums in the dryer section.

The lower run of the upper felt 21 is maintained adjacent a portion of the peripheries of the upper set of drums 20 by means of a series of intermediate felt rolls 22, while lower felt 31 is maintained in position by means of the intermediate felt rolls 32. As the felts 21 and 31 leave the last drum in their respective sets, they are conveyed by means of turning rolls 23 and 33, respectively, a series of guide and stretch rolls, and lead in rolls 24 and 34, respectively, back into the dryer section.

As will be observed from FIG. 1, the felt rolls are of considerably less diameter than the dryer drums, and hence are more readily subject to deflection as a result of their own weight and the tension in the dryer felt. For example, felt return roll 25 would probably tend to sag due to the combined felt weight, its own weight, and the tension in the felt. Other felt rolls in the dryer section might tend to deflect in a horizontal plane or even upwardly, depending upon the particular combination of forces acting on them. If the net effect of the deflection of all rolls were to cause greater tension in the felt adjacent the edges thereof than in the center thereof, the felt would tend to press the paper web against the surface of the dryer drum with greater pressure along the edges of, the web than towards the center. This would result in a web having a higher moisture content near its center portion than adjacent its edges. Conversely, if tension adjacent the center of the felt is greater than at the edges, the web would be drier in the center than at its edges as it leaves the dryer section.

To compensate for the uneven felt tension caused by deflections of the felt rolls, one of the felt rolls, preferably the last roll immediately upstream of the dryer section, is provided with means for varying the pressure with which it contacts the felt along the length of the roll. In this regard it should be noted that the term dryer section includes not only the series of drums per se, but ancillary equipment such as the intermediate felt rolls 22, 32. As seen in FIG. 2, the variable pressure means may take the form of apparatus for causing the roll, such as roll 24 or 34, to deflect relative to its axis in the desired direction. Thus as seen in FIG. 2, the roll 24 may be mounted on a'rigid supporting beam 40 having a pair of fixed, self-aligning bearings 41 mounted thereon and rotatably receiving the journals 42 protruding from each end of the roll 24. At the outer ends of the journals 42 are movable bearings 43, which are also preferably of the self-aligning type, and which have depending therefrom the adjusting mechanisms 44. A bracket member is rigidly attached to each end of the beam 40 and protrudes outwardly therefrom to en'- gage the adjusting mechainsms 44.

From the above, it will be apparent that by means of the adjusting mechanisms 44, the movable bearings 43 may be moved in a direction normal to the axis of the roll 24. This will cause the journals 42 to pivot about the fixed bearings 41 and in turn, cause the center of the roll 24 to bow upwardly or downwardly, as indicated at 46 and 47 in FIG. 2.

When the tension in the felts is nonuniform in the cross machine direction, this may be readily noted by observing the dryer felt seam as it passes through the dryer section. Thus as seen in FIG. 3, if the dryer felt seam is observed to be leading or bowed in the direction of travel, as indicated by the phantom line 50, this would be an indication that the tension in the center of the felt is greater than that at the edges of the felt, and themachine operator could compensate for this condition by imparting a reverse crown to the roll 24 by means of the adjusting mechanism 44. Conversely, if the dryer felt is lagging, that is, bowed away from the direction of travel of the felt as shown by phantom line 51, the machine operator could impart a positive crown to the roll 24 to correct for this condition. When the net deflection of all of the dryer felt rolls is compensated for by the roll 24, the dryer felt seam will return to a position substantially normal to the direction of travel as shown at 52 in FIG. 3.

From the above, it will be apparent that through deflection compensation by means of the variable crown rolls 24 and 34 nonuniform felt tensions may be substantially alleviated, and a uniform moisture profile obtained in the paper web as it leaves the dryer section.

While the form of apparatus herein described constitutes a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to this precise form of apparatus, and that changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:-

1. In a dryer section, including a set of rotatable dryer drums, an endless felt trained about a portion of the peripheries of said drums to maintain a web being dried in said dryer section in contact with said drums a series of intermediate felt rolls positioned within the loop of said endless felt and adjacent said drums to maintain said ,felt adjacent said drums, and additional felt rolls for conveyingsaid felt from the last drum of said set to the first drum thereof, the improvement comprising:

a. means for varying the pressure with which at least one of said last named rolls contacts said felt along the length thereof to correct uneven felt tension in a cross machine direction and provide a uniform moisture profile in said cross machine direction in a web received between said felt and said drums and being dried by said dryer section.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein:

a. said means for varying the pressure with which at least one of said last named rolls contacts said felt along the length thereof comprises means for defleeting said roll with respect to the axis thereof.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said deflecting means comprise:

a. a journal protruding outwardly of each end of said roll,

b. a fixed bearing engaging each of said journals,

0. a movable bearing engaging each of said journals outwardly of said fixed bearings, and

d. means for moving said movable bearings in directions normal to the axis 'of said roll.

4. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein:

a. said variable pressure roll is the last roll immediately upstream of said drying section.

5. A dryer section comrpising: a. a plurality of rollers including:

i. a set of rotatable dryer drums, and ii. a series of felt rolls associated therewith,

b. an endless felt wrapped about at least a portion of the peripheries of said rollers,

0. means for conveying a web of indeterminate length into said dryer section intermediate said felt and said wrapped portions to dry said web by contact with said wrapped portions, and

a. means for controlling the pressure between said felt and at least one of said rollers along the length of said one of said rollers to vary tension in said felt transversely thereof and provide a substantially uniform moisture profile in said web in a cross machine direction as said web exits said dryer section.

6. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein said means for controlling the pressure between said felt and said one of said rollers comprises:

a. means for bowing said one of said rollers longitudinally thereof.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein said means for bowing said one of said rollers comprises:

a. journal means protruding longitudinally outwardly of said one of said rollers,

b. fixed bearing means engaging said journal means,

c. movable bearing means engaging said jounral means, and

d. means for moving said movable bearing means substantially normally to the axis of said one of said rollers.

8. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein:

a. said one of said rollers comprises a felt roll.

9. A dryer section comprising:

a. an upper set of large diameter heated drums having the axes thereof disposed in a first horizontal plane,

b. a lower set of large diameter heated drums having the axes thereof offset with respect to the axes of said first set of drums and disposed in a second horizontal plane beneath said first horizontal plane,

0. first and second series of intermediate felt rolls operatively associated with said upper and lower sets of drums, respectively,

. an endless upper felt trained about a portion of the periphery of said upper drums and maintained in wrapping relationship therewith by said first series of intermediate felt rolls,

e. a lower felt trained about a portion of the periphery of said lower drums and maintained in wrapping relationship therewith by said second series of intermediate felt rolls,

f. means for delivering a web of indefinite length to said dryer section,

3. a lead in roll associated with each of said sets of drums and wrapped by the endless felt associated with that particular set of drums,

It. means journaling said lead in rolls adjacent the outer ends thereof, and

1'. bearing means mounted for movement in a direction normal to the longitudinal axes of said lead in rolls and rotatably engaging said lead in rolls outwardly of said journaling means for bowing said lead in rolls longitudinally thereof to correct uneven felt tension and provide a substantially uniform moisture profile in a cross machine direction in a web being dried in said dryer section.

10. In a paper making machine drying section including a plurality of rolls, portions of which are wrapped by an endless felt having substantially transversely extending seam therein, the method of controlling felt tension transversely thereof comprising:

a. monitoring the position of said felt seam relative to the direction of travel thereof,

b. observing variations in said position from a preselected norm, and

c. varying the pressure between said felt and at least one of said rolls wrapped thereby in response to variations in the position of said seam from said preselected norm.

1]. The method of claim wherein said step of varying said pressure comprises:

a. bowing said one of said rolls about the longitudinal axis thereof.

12. In a dryer including a plurality of rolls, portions of which are wrapped by an endless felt, the method of drying an indefininte length web in said dryer to a substantially uniform moisture profile in the cross machine direction comprising the steps of:

a. introducing said web into said dryer intermediate said felt and said wrapped portions of said rolls, b. monitoring the moisture profile of said web, c. observing variations in moisture profile from a substantially uniform moisture profile,v and d. varying the pressure between said felt and at least one of said rolls wrapped thereby transversely of said felt in response to variations in moisture profile of said web from a substantially uniform condition. 13. The method of claim 12 wherein said step of varying said pressure comprises:

a. bowing said one of said rolls about the longitudinal axis thereof.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1873949 *Jan 29, 1930Aug 30, 1932Harrison R WilliamsPaper drying means
US3161125 *Feb 15, 1961Dec 15, 1964Beloit Iron WorksAdjustable crown roll
US3443295 *Feb 4, 1966May 13, 1969Beloit CorpTable roll
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3878620 *Jul 17, 1972Apr 22, 1975Mount Hope Machinery LtdMethod and apparatus for drying paper
US4324820 *Jul 18, 1980Apr 13, 1982St. Regis Paper CompanyDeflection with bar of coating liquid to form free-standing curtain which impinges on substrate
US6260287 *Apr 27, 2000Jul 17, 2001Raffaele ManciniWet web stability method and apparatus
US8353219 *Jul 31, 2009Jan 15, 2013Paperchine IncDryer felt tension indicator apparatus
US20110023317 *Jul 31, 2009Feb 3, 2011Brackett Timothy JDryer felt tension indicator apparatus
DE4429859A1 *Aug 23, 1994Feb 29, 1996Voith Gmbh J MPaper-making machine drying section preventing angular fibre lie
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/116
International ClassificationD21F5/02
Cooperative ClassificationD21F5/02
European ClassificationD21F5/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 21, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: BLACK CLAWSON COMPANY, NEW YORK
Owner name: HYDROTILE MACHINERY COMPANY (NOW KNOWN AS BC MANUF
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNORS:BANK ONE, DAYTON, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION;CENTRAL TRUST COMPANY, N.A.;DNC AMERICA BANKING CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:006414/0133
Effective date: 19921116
May 21, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: BANK ONE, DAYTON, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHEMICAL BANK;REEL/FRAME:005319/0279
Effective date: 19900208
Aug 2, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: CHEMICAL BANK, AS AGENT
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BLACK CLAWSON COMPANY, THE, AN OH CORP.;HYDROTILE MACHINERY COMPANY, ANIOWA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004930/0102
Effective date: 19880601
Nov 3, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: BLACK CLAWSON COMPANY THE
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:HELLER FINANCIAL, INC. F/K/A/ WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY INC.;REEL/FRAME:004628/0875
Effective date: 19861015
Apr 9, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., 101 PARK AVE., N
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BLACK CLAWSON COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:004250/0792
Effective date: 19840130