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Publication numberUS3779549 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1973
Filing dateApr 21, 1972
Priority dateApr 21, 1972
Publication numberUS 3779549 A, US 3779549A, US-A-3779549, US3779549 A, US3779549A
InventorsMacneil J
Original AssigneePisesky M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Head brace for hockey players
US 3779549 A
Abstract
A head brace for hockey players having a strut adapted to fit between a player's chin and his sternum, and head and chest strap assemblies for securing upper and lower ends of the strut to the player's head and body so as to restrain downward freedom of movement of the player's head, but not side movement.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 MacNeil Dec. 18, 1973 [54] HEAD BRACE FOR HOCKEY PLAYERS 2,735,424 2/1956 Benjamin 128/87 B 2,791,999 5/1957 Bustamante 272/80 X [75] Inventor: 1" d P Burnaby 3,148,375 9/1964 Jones 273/190 A x Brmsh Columbm, Canada 3,455,300 7/1969 Wayner 128/76 R 3,508,757 4/1970 Rhodes 273/190 R [73] Ass'gnee Brmsh columb'a 3,697,065 10/1972 Glassburner, Jr. 273/190 R [22] Filed: 1972 Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham [21] Appl. No.: 246,369 Assistant Examiner-Paul E. Shapiro Attorney-Brian J. Wood [52] US. Cl. 273/1 B, 128/76 R, 273/190 C,

. 128/87 B, 272/80 [57] ABSTRACT I l I. 7 g z Search A head brace for hockey players havmg a strut 273/] 5 A 22/80 ,1 adapted tofit between a players chin and his sternum, B 78 and head and chest strap assemblies for securing upper and lower ends of the strut to the player's head [56] References Cited and body so as to restrain downward freedom of UNITED STATES PATENTS movement of the player's head, but not side movement. 1,618,273 2/1927 Davidson 272/80 1,803,556 5/1931 Nugent 128/87 B 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures //6 I 32 1 1 1 1 1 /0 1 1 l 4'5}? (1 1 1 27 \1 11 s,

I +3: 4.? Z8 Q o /Z 25 /6 f x D \C I 9 1D 1 35 L1 5* 1 33 L 39/ 1 1 1 /9 1 I 1 /3 23 \1 1 1 1 I L I 1 1 I I! L-\ 1 1 PATENTEUDEC 1 8 ms.

sum 2 BF 2 HEAD BRACE FOR HOCKEY PLAYERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to 7 training equipment for young hockey players and in particular to'a head brace for training a player to hold his head upright.

2. Prior Art In body contact sports, particularly in the sport of hockey where speeds are high it is of great importance that a player be trained to hold his head upright at all times to that he is able to dodge, and avoid colliding with, opposing players. Not only are chances of injury reduced but the players game is improved in that he can more effectively pass or receive a puck.

Training for this purpose has thus far been confined to shouted commands while a player is carrying the puck, soon forgotten by a player in his efforts to maintain the puck under control while stick handling, thus increasing the possiblity of injury. I

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a head brace which tends to influence the player to maintain his head erect at all times during training exercise but which does not interfere otherwise with movements of his body.

The head brace of the present invention includes a strut adapted to be positioned between the players chin and his sternum, and head and chest strap assemblies for maintaining the strut in position. The strut is made of a resilient flexible material which maintains upward pressure on a players chin should a player lower his head from an upright position so that he tends to hold his head upright.

A detailed description following related to drawings gives exemplification of a preferred embodiment of the invention which, however, is capable of expression in a structure other than that particularly described and illustrated.

DESCRIPTION, OF THE DRAWINGS I FIG. 1 is a perspective of a head brace apparatus of the present invention fastened on a player,

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a strut.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to FIG. 1 the head brace assembly of the invention, generally 9, is shown secured to a hockey player 10, shown in broken outline, and includes a strut 11 adapted to be positioned between the players chin l2 and his sternum 13. The strut is secured to the player by a chest strap assembly, generally 14, and a head strap assembly, generally 15.

The strut 11, see also FIG. 2, is formed of a suitable resilient flexible material, for example foamed polyethylene, and has an enlarged upper end portion 16 which end is cupped to obtain a snug fit beneath a players chin and has a trans-verse upstanding lip 17 which extends upwards in front of, and over, the players chin. The strut has a narrow neck portion 18 of substantially circular cross section and an enlarged base portion 19, a back surface 20 of which is shaped to engage the players sternum over a relatively large area.

Transverse keyhole-shaped grooves 22 and 23 extending across the upper and lower end portions and opening out of a front surface 24 of the strut provide means for connection of the chest and head strap assemblies, I4 and 15.

The head strap assembly has a neck strap 25 which fits in the groove 22 and which can be fastened around the players neck and a head strap 27, proper, secured at one end 28 to the neck strap adjacent one side of the strut can be passed over the player's head and secured to the neck strap adajcent an opposite side of the strut. The head strap carries a pad 32 which fits over the players crown.

The chest strap assembly 15 has a chest strap 35 which fits in the keyhole groove 23 and which can be fastened around the players' chest. Shoulder straps 39-39 are secured at ends 39.139.1 to the chest strap on opposite sides of the strut and are adapted to be passed over the players shoulder and secured to the chest strap at the players back.

All of the straps are provided with suitable adjustable fastening devices, generally 43, which can, for exam-. ple, be buckles or dome fasteners so that the straps can be tightened to a required extent.

In applying the head brace 10 the strut is positioned beneath the players chin. The neck and head straps are then applied and tightened to press the chin firmly against the upper end of the strut, and the lip, then with the players head in an upright position, the lower end of the strut is firmly secured against his sternum by fas-- tening and appropriately adjusting the chest and shoulder straps.

The chest strap assembly, effectively, prohibits movement of the lower end of the strut and the head strap assembly, effectively, prohibits relatve movement of the players head and the upper end of the strut, so that movement of the players head can be effected only through flexure of the narrow neck portion of the strut. Cross sectional dimension of the neck portion is such that having regard to type of material of construction and side and muscular development of the player, the player can only lower his head or swing his head from side to side with difficulty so that in order to avoid tiring his neck muscles he tends to maintain his head upright.

A strut formed of suitable vinyl plastic of hardness of on Shore (A) scale and having a neck diameter of one and one half inches has been found to be suitable.

I claim:

1. A head brace apparatus for hockey player's includ-' a. a strut adapted to be positioned between a hockey players chin and his sternum, the strut having a cup shaped upper end adapted to receive the point of the players chin and having a broad flattened lower end portion has contact with the players sternum,

b. a chest strap connected to the lower end portion to secure the said lower end portion,

c. shoulder straps connected to the chest straps on opposite sides of the chest strap,

d. a neck strap secured to the upper end portion of the strut adapted to be secured around the players neck,

e. a head strap adapted to be passed over the players crown and secured to the neck strap on opposite sides of the strut.

2. A head brace as formed in claim 1 including an upardly extending transverse lip at an upper end of the strut for engagement with the players chin.

4 which the strut has keyhole shaped grooves extending transversely across the upper and lower portions of the strut for accepting the neck and chest straps.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1618273 *Oct 31, 1921Feb 22, 1927John F DavidsonBody exerciser
US1803556 *Dec 10, 1929May 5, 1931John J NugentSpinal extensor
US2735424 *Mar 31, 1953Feb 21, 1956 Cervical brace
US2791999 *Sep 27, 1954May 14, 1957Bustamante CesarNeck exercising device
US3148375 *Feb 20, 1962Sep 15, 1964Jones Cordell CFootball helmet harness
US3455300 *Dec 27, 1965Jul 15, 1969Laura Franklin Delano EstateChin seat
US3508757 *Dec 2, 1966Apr 28, 1970Rhodes Cecil CGolf swing practice device
US3697065 *Jan 12, 1971Oct 10, 1972Thomas M Glassburner JrTraining aid for sprinters
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4022466 *Jun 11, 1976May 10, 1977Kaiser Thomas AHockey helmet attachment
US4300765 *Dec 29, 1978Nov 17, 1981Stringham Ronald LBatting aid
US4560201 *Mar 19, 1984Dec 24, 1985Scott Samuel CHeadrest for sedentary traveler
US4735196 *Nov 10, 1986Apr 5, 1988Krag Martin HCervical-thoracic orthosis and method
US4746118 *Jun 30, 1986May 24, 1988Dennis DeveneyBatting aid
US4826165 *Nov 27, 1987May 2, 1989Roger SocciBatting chin shoulder harness
US4886052 *Nov 30, 1987Dec 12, 1989Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.Emergency medical cervical collar
US4954815 *Jun 17, 1988Sep 4, 1990Delmonte Jeffrey CHead positioning system
US5054475 *Mar 18, 1988Oct 8, 1991Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5088482 *Dec 11, 1990Feb 18, 1992Mcguinness CharlesCervical brace
US8808103 *Nov 6, 2009Aug 19, 2014Monroe HartGolf training system and method
US20110111876 *Nov 6, 2009May 12, 2011Monroe HartGolf Training System and Method
Classifications
U.S. Classification473/446, 473/208
International ClassificationA63B71/12, A63B71/08
Cooperative ClassificationA63B71/1291
European ClassificationA63B71/12N