|Publication number||US3779549 A|
|Publication date||Dec 18, 1973|
|Filing date||Apr 21, 1972|
|Priority date||Apr 21, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3779549 A, US 3779549A, US-A-3779549, US3779549 A, US3779549A|
|Original Assignee||Pisesky M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (12), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 MacNeil Dec. 18, 1973  HEAD BRACE FOR HOCKEY PLAYERS 2,735,424 2/1956 Benjamin 128/87 B 2,791,999 5/1957 Bustamante 272/80 X  Inventor: 1" d P Burnaby 3,148,375 9/1964 Jones 273/190 A x Brmsh Columbm, Canada 3,455,300 7/1969 Wayner 128/76 R 3,508,757 4/1970 Rhodes 273/190 R  Ass'gnee Brmsh columb'a 3,697,065 10/1972 Glassburner, Jr. 273/190 R  Filed: 1972 Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham  Appl. No.: 246,369 Assistant Examiner-Paul E. Shapiro Attorney-Brian J. Wood  US. Cl. 273/1 B, 128/76 R, 273/190 C,
. 128/87 B, 272/80  ABSTRACT I l I. 7 g z Search A head brace for hockey players havmg a strut 273/] 5 A 22/80 ,1 adapted tofit between a players chin and his sternum, B 78 and head and chest strap assemblies for securing upper and lower ends of the strut to the player's head  References Cited and body so as to restrain downward freedom of UNITED STATES PATENTS movement of the player's head, but not side movement. 1,618,273 2/1927 Davidson 272/80 1,803,556 5/1931 Nugent 128/87 B 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures //6 I 32 1 1 1 1 1 /0 1 1 l 4'5}? (1 1 1 27 \1 11 s,
I +3: 4.? Z8 Q o /Z 25 /6 f x D \C I 9 1D 1 35 L1 5* 1 33 L 39/ 1 1 1 /9 1 I 1 /3 23 \1 1 1 1 I L I 1 1 I I! L-\ 1 1 PATENTEUDEC 1 8 ms.
sum 2 BF 2 HEAD BRACE FOR HOCKEY PLAYERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to 7 training equipment for young hockey players and in particular to'a head brace for training a player to hold his head upright.
2. Prior Art In body contact sports, particularly in the sport of hockey where speeds are high it is of great importance that a player be trained to hold his head upright at all times to that he is able to dodge, and avoid colliding with, opposing players. Not only are chances of injury reduced but the players game is improved in that he can more effectively pass or receive a puck.
Training for this purpose has thus far been confined to shouted commands while a player is carrying the puck, soon forgotten by a player in his efforts to maintain the puck under control while stick handling, thus increasing the possiblity of injury. I
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a head brace which tends to influence the player to maintain his head erect at all times during training exercise but which does not interfere otherwise with movements of his body.
The head brace of the present invention includes a strut adapted to be positioned between the players chin and his sternum, and head and chest strap assemblies for maintaining the strut in position. The strut is made of a resilient flexible material which maintains upward pressure on a players chin should a player lower his head from an upright position so that he tends to hold his head upright.
A detailed description following related to drawings gives exemplification of a preferred embodiment of the invention which, however, is capable of expression in a structure other than that particularly described and illustrated.
DESCRIPTION, OF THE DRAWINGS I FIG. 1 is a perspective of a head brace apparatus of the present invention fastened on a player,
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a strut.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to FIG. 1 the head brace assembly of the invention, generally 9, is shown secured to a hockey player 10, shown in broken outline, and includes a strut 11 adapted to be positioned between the players chin l2 and his sternum 13. The strut is secured to the player by a chest strap assembly, generally 14, and a head strap assembly, generally 15.
The strut 11, see also FIG. 2, is formed of a suitable resilient flexible material, for example foamed polyethylene, and has an enlarged upper end portion 16 which end is cupped to obtain a snug fit beneath a players chin and has a trans-verse upstanding lip 17 which extends upwards in front of, and over, the players chin. The strut has a narrow neck portion 18 of substantially circular cross section and an enlarged base portion 19, a back surface 20 of which is shaped to engage the players sternum over a relatively large area.
Transverse keyhole-shaped grooves 22 and 23 extending across the upper and lower end portions and opening out of a front surface 24 of the strut provide means for connection of the chest and head strap assemblies, I4 and 15.
The head strap assembly has a neck strap 25 which fits in the groove 22 and which can be fastened around the players neck and a head strap 27, proper, secured at one end 28 to the neck strap adjacent one side of the strut can be passed over the player's head and secured to the neck strap adajcent an opposite side of the strut. The head strap carries a pad 32 which fits over the players crown.
The chest strap assembly 15 has a chest strap 35 which fits in the keyhole groove 23 and which can be fastened around the players' chest. Shoulder straps 39-39 are secured at ends 39.139.1 to the chest strap on opposite sides of the strut and are adapted to be passed over the players shoulder and secured to the chest strap at the players back.
All of the straps are provided with suitable adjustable fastening devices, generally 43, which can, for exam-. ple, be buckles or dome fasteners so that the straps can be tightened to a required extent.
In applying the head brace 10 the strut is positioned beneath the players chin. The neck and head straps are then applied and tightened to press the chin firmly against the upper end of the strut, and the lip, then with the players head in an upright position, the lower end of the strut is firmly secured against his sternum by fas-- tening and appropriately adjusting the chest and shoulder straps.
The chest strap assembly, effectively, prohibits movement of the lower end of the strut and the head strap assembly, effectively, prohibits relatve movement of the players head and the upper end of the strut, so that movement of the players head can be effected only through flexure of the narrow neck portion of the strut. Cross sectional dimension of the neck portion is such that having regard to type of material of construction and side and muscular development of the player, the player can only lower his head or swing his head from side to side with difficulty so that in order to avoid tiring his neck muscles he tends to maintain his head upright.
A strut formed of suitable vinyl plastic of hardness of on Shore (A) scale and having a neck diameter of one and one half inches has been found to be suitable.
1. A head brace apparatus for hockey player's includ-' a. a strut adapted to be positioned between a hockey players chin and his sternum, the strut having a cup shaped upper end adapted to receive the point of the players chin and having a broad flattened lower end portion has contact with the players sternum,
b. a chest strap connected to the lower end portion to secure the said lower end portion,
c. shoulder straps connected to the chest straps on opposite sides of the chest strap,
d. a neck strap secured to the upper end portion of the strut adapted to be secured around the players neck,
e. a head strap adapted to be passed over the players crown and secured to the neck strap on opposite sides of the strut.
2. A head brace as formed in claim 1 including an upardly extending transverse lip at an upper end of the strut for engagement with the players chin.
4 which the strut has keyhole shaped grooves extending transversely across the upper and lower portions of the strut for accepting the neck and chest straps.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1618273 *||Oct 31, 1921||Feb 22, 1927||John F Davidson||Body exerciser|
|US1803556 *||Dec 10, 1929||May 5, 1931||John J Nugent||Spinal extensor|
|US2735424 *||Mar 31, 1953||Feb 21, 1956||Cervical brace|
|US2791999 *||Sep 27, 1954||May 14, 1957||Bustamante Cesar||Neck exercising device|
|US3148375 *||Feb 20, 1962||Sep 15, 1964||Jones Cordell C||Football helmet harness|
|US3455300 *||Dec 27, 1965||Jul 15, 1969||Laura Franklin Delano Estate||Chin seat|
|US3508757 *||Dec 2, 1966||Apr 28, 1970||Rhodes Cecil C||Golf swing practice device|
|US3697065 *||Jan 12, 1971||Oct 10, 1972||Thomas M Glassburner Jr||Training aid for sprinters|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4022466 *||Jun 11, 1976||May 10, 1977||Kaiser Thomas A||Hockey helmet attachment|
|US4300765 *||Dec 29, 1978||Nov 17, 1981||Stringham Ronald L||Batting aid|
|US4560201 *||Mar 19, 1984||Dec 24, 1985||Scott Samuel C||Headrest for sedentary traveler|
|US4735196 *||Nov 10, 1986||Apr 5, 1988||Krag Martin H||Cervical-thoracic orthosis and method|
|US4746118 *||Jun 30, 1986||May 24, 1988||Dennis Deveney||Batting aid|
|US4826165 *||Nov 27, 1987||May 2, 1989||Roger Socci||Batting chin shoulder harness|
|US4886052 *||Nov 30, 1987||Dec 12, 1989||Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.||Emergency medical cervical collar|
|US4954815 *||Jun 17, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||Delmonte Jeffrey C||Head positioning system|
|US5054475 *||Mar 18, 1988||Oct 8, 1991||Charles Greiner And Company, Inc.||Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer|
|US5088482 *||Dec 11, 1990||Feb 18, 1992||Mcguinness Charles||Cervical brace|
|US8808103 *||Nov 6, 2009||Aug 19, 2014||Monroe Hart||Golf training system and method|
|US20110111876 *||Nov 6, 2009||May 12, 2011||Monroe Hart||Golf Training System and Method|
|U.S. Classification||473/446, 473/208|
|International Classification||A63B71/12, A63B71/08|