|Publication number||US3780472 A|
|Publication date||Dec 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 1, 1971|
|Priority date||Dec 1, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3780472 A, US 3780472A, US-A-3780472, US3780472 A, US3780472A|
|Original Assignee||American Metal Climax Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (18), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Biebuyck DOOR STRUCTURE Lawrence F. Biebuyck, Niles, Mich.
American Metal Climax, Inc., New York, N.Y.
Filed: Dec. 1, 1971 Appl. No.: 203,814
Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 59,981, July 31, 1970, abandoned.
US. Cl. 49/501, 287/l89.36 Int. Cl. E06b 3/00 Field of Search 49/501; 52/627, 624;
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1953 Brownlie et al 287/l89.36 H X l2/l959 Sharp et al 52/627 X [451 Dec. 25, 1973 Peremi 287/l89.36 H Gillespie 287/l89.36 H X 2/l96l 2/l963 Primary Examiner-Kenneth Downey Atrorney-Mason, Kolehmainen, Rathburn & Wyss 57 ABSTRACT 3 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures Mullah minim DOOR. STRUCTURE This application is a continuation "US. Pat. application Ser. No. 59,981 filed July "31,1970, now abandoned.
The present inventionrelates to a newandimproved door structure, and particularly a stileshas structure of connected by type having extruded frame members supporting a panel such as of :glass, and characterized by very narrow stiles. glazing Heretofore difficulty has been experienced in obtaining door constructionhaving a maximumglass or panel size and characterized by'havinga minimum width of stile members. Some'of the difficulty arises from therequirement that in order to glaze a doorafter assembly of the door frame, itis necessaryfor a shallowand deep glazing pocket ztorconfront :eachot her in order totprovide for'ins tallation clearance of the glass. Moreover it is necessary that the door frame :members :have sufficient strength to withstand the loads imposed thereon.
The door frames may be particularly critical with regard to the strength of the jointsbetween thestiles and uppcr'and lower rail members.
Accordingly it is an object of the present invention 'to provide a newand improved door structure.
Another object of the present invention-is to provide a new and improved door structure having relatively narrow stiles.
Still another object of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved door structure having improved strength.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent as the followingdescription proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize the invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.
In accordance with these and other objects, there is provided an improved door structure of the type having a frame supporting a panel such as of glass, and characterized by very narrow stiles. Each of the stileshas face portions connectedby a transverse web anddefining confronting shallow and deep glazing pockets. Upper and lower rail assemblies interconnect the stiles and are provided with coped ends having screw splines fitting into the confronting glasing pocketsFastener means extend through the transverse webs into the screw splines to secure the rail assemblies and stiles together. Suitable stile caps cover the exposed fastener heads in the webs.
For a better understanding of the present invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. I is an elevational view'of a door according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary elevational sectional view of the door of FIG. 1, taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary plan sectional view of the door of FIG. 1, taken along line 33 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective exploded view of the door of FIG. 1, illustrating the connection of the lock stile to the horizontal rails.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective exploded view of the door of FIG. 1, illustrating the connection of the pivot stile to the horizontal rails;
'FIGJ is a fragmentary cross sectional'plan view of a door according to the present invention and illustrating the securement of an offset'pivot'to the door.
"FIG. 7:is a fragmentary elevational sectional view of the door of FIG. 6, takenalong line '77'ofFIG..6; and
FlG.8-is a fragmentary exploded perspective view of I the door of FIG. 6, illustrating the attachment of the lower pivot to the door.
terconnected by upper and lower rail assemblies 15 and .16. The stile membersand rail assemblies define a door framesupporting a panel 18 of glass or other suitable material. In the illustrated embodiments the stile member 12 may be referred to as the lock stile, while the stile member l3 may be referred to as the pivot stile.
Referring first to the lock stile member 12, it is formed by an extruded element, such as of aluminum, and provided with relatively heavy face portions 12a, 12b interconnected by a transverse web 12c. The face portions and web, 12a, 12b, 12c, together define a shallow glazing pocket 12d and an opposed edge channel 12c. The confronting edges of the glazing pocket 12d includes parts defining gasket channels 12f for retaining suitable glazing gaskets 19. In the illustrated embodiment, the edge channel 12e is of somewhat T shape, having undercut portions 123. In addition the edge channel 12e has confronting grooves 12h for slidably receiving a stile cap 20.
The pivot stile member 13 is similar to the lock stile member 12, having the same narrow width, and includes relatively heavy face portions 13a, 13b interconnected by a transverse web 130. The face portions and web 13a, 13b, 13c together define a deep glazing pocket 13d, and an edge channel 13a. The confronting edges of the glazing pocket 1341 are provided with gasket channels 13f supporting suitable glazing gaskets 19. Moreover the confronting edges of the edge channel 13:? are provided with confronting grooves 13h slidably receiving a pivot stile cap 21. If desired studs 23 of nylon or other suitable material may be threaded through the web 13c against the glazing 18 to prevent creeping of the glazing into the deep glazing pocket.
It will be appreciated that the lock stile member 12 is formed with the shallow glazing pocket 12d, and has a relatively deep edge channel 12c, while the pivot stile member 13 is formed with a deep glazing pocket 13d and has a shallow edge channel 12e, thus permitting maximum utilization of material and minimum width to the stile members.
The upper rail assembly 15 is formed of a rail member 25 and a face member 26, both of extruded aluminum or other suitable material, and each having parts interfitting to lock the face member 26 to the rail member 25. More specifically, and as best illustrated in FIG. 2, the rail member 25 includes a generally tubular center portion having transverse webs 25a, 25b, an outer face portion 250, and an inner web 25d. Formed integrally with the inner web is a toe portion 252 and hook portion 25f forming parts interlocking with corresponding parts of the face member. Screw splines 25g are formed with the transverse webs 25a and 25b defining relatively heavy metal portions at the centers of the webs. The face member 26 includes a toe portion 26a and a hook portion 26b for camming and interlocking relation with the respective toe and hook portions 25e, 25f of the rail member 25. When assembled the upper rail assembly 15 defines a glazing pocket 27 and an upper open pocket 28 for receiving door closures, operators and the like.
The lower rail assembly 16 is similar to the upper rail assembly 15, but may differ primarily dimensionally. More specifically the lower rail member 16 includes a rail member 30, FIG. 2, having a generally tubular center portion formed of transverse webs 30a, 30b, a face portion 300, and an inner web 30d. A toe portion 30e and a hook portion 30f are provided along the inner web 25d for interlocking relationship with a face member 31. Suitable screw splines 30g are provided generally centrally of the rail assembly 16 and define relatively heavy central portions to the transverse webs 30a, 30b. The face member 31 also includes a toe portion 31a and a hook portion 31b for interlocking relationship with the toe and hook portions, 30e, 30f of the rail member 30. The lower rail assembly 16 also defines a glazing pocket 32 at its upper end, and a downwardly opening pocket 33 at its lower end.
The joint or corner connection of the stile members and rail assemblies are best illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5. Referring first to the lock stile end of FIG. 4, the end of the rail assemblies 15 and 16 are coped back so that only the relatively heavy portions of the transverse webs defined by the screw splines project in tongue-like manner and are closely fit and confined within the glazing pocket 12d of the lock stile member 12. Suitable screw fasteners, such as screws 35, are driven into the respective screw splines 25g, 30g through apertures 36 in the stile member 12. The stile cap 20 covers the exposed heads of the screws 35.
The connection between the rail assemblies 15 and 16 to the pivot stile member 13 is similar, with the lock ends of the upper and lower rail assemblies 15 and 16 being coped back so that the material in the area of the screw splines 25g, 30g projects in tongue-like manner into the deep glazing pocket 13d of the pivot stile member 13. Suitable screw fasteners, such as screws 37, are secured within the screw splines 25g, 30g through apertures 38 in the transverse web 13c of the pivot stile member 13. The stile cap 21 covers the exposed heads of the fasteners 37.
Advantageously the projecting tongue-like portions of the upper and lower rail assemblies being closely fit within the respective glazing channels and carry the torsion load directly between the rail assemblies 15 and 16 and the stile members 12 and 13, so that the fasteners 35 and 37 carry only tensile loads which they are designed to do. Moreover it will be appreciated that the particular arrangement of deep and shallow glazing pockets, and deep and shallow edge channels in the stile members 12 and 13 there is provided maximum utilization of material along with a minimum width of door stile.
The embodiment of FIGS. 1 through is illustrated for a center hung, double acting door. To this end there is provided a pivot fitting 42 in the lower pocket 33 of the lower rail assembly 16 for receiving a pivot pin, the inner web 25d being cut away to accommodate the pin. Moreover a suitable upper pivot, somewhat diagramatically illustrated in FIG. 1 as 43, is readily accommodated within the upper pocket 28 of the upper rail assembly 15.
FIGS. 6 through 8 illustrate one other form of supporting a door 50 by means of an offset pivot. The members forming the door 50 are similar to those heretofore described, however since the door 50 is a single acting door the outer contour of the stile members is changed in accordance with the desired door function. Accordingly the lock stile member of the door 50 is represented by 12, and the pivot stile member of pivot door 50 is represented by 13'. Similar components of the door 50 with the door 10 heretofore described are represented by the same reference characters.
As illustrated there is provided an upper pivot fitting 52 and a lower pivot fitting 53. Each of the pivots 52, 53 are provided with tongue portions 52a, 53a and the face portions 13'a, l3b of the pivot stile member 13' are cut away along their inner edges to receive the tongue portions 520 and 53a without cutting into the transverse web 13c. Suitable threaded fasteners 55 are threaded directly into the relatively heavy face portions 13a, l3b through suitable apertures 52b, 53b of the respective pivot fittings 52,53.
A door structure in accordance with the described invention provides for maximum utilization of the stile material so that a door with minimum width stiles is provided. Advantageously the door provides pleasing lines and appearance for the architect. Moreover the corner joint of the door frame is strong and sturdy, accomplishing transfer of torsional loads between the members without the addition of shear blocks and the like.
Although the present invention has been described by reference to several embodiments thereof, it will be apparent that numerous other modifications and embodiments intended by the appended claims to cover all modifications and embodiments which will fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A door structure of the type having a frame supporting a panel such as of glass and characterized by very narrow stiles, said door structures comprising:
spaced vertical door stiles, each having relatively heavy face portions connected by a transverse web defining confronting shallow and deep glazing pockets;
spaced upper and lower rail assemblies interconnecting said stilesz:
at least one of said rail assemblies including:
a rail member having a generally tubular center portion having parts thereon defining longitudinally extending screw splines and a face portion, and
a face member defining a glass stop and forming a glazing pocket with its face portion;
said rail member and said face member having interlocking parts;
the ends of said rail assemblies being coped with the ends of the screw splines fitted within the confronting shallow and deep glazing pockets of the door stiles and against the webs thereof, and
fastener means extending through the transverse webs into said screw splines securing said rail assemblies and said vertical stiles together.
2. A door structure as set forth in claim 1 wherein channels are defined in the outer edges of said door 6 glazing pocket is defined in the pivot stile, and wherein the channel in said lock stile is deeper than the channel in said pivot stile, whereby said lock stile is adapted to receive door hardware associated with said stile.
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|International Classification||E06B3/30, E06B3/12, E06B3/54, E06B3/04, E06B3/96|
|Cooperative Classification||E06B3/9636, E06B3/305, E06B3/12, E06B3/549, E06B3/5409, E06B2003/5463|
|European Classification||E06B3/30A4, E06B3/12, E06B3/54H|