|Publication number||US3780523 A|
|Publication date||Dec 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Feb 2, 1972|
|Priority date||Feb 10, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3780523 A, US 3780523A, US-A-3780523, US3780523 A, US3780523A|
|Original Assignee||Suwa Seikosha Kk|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Naito Dec. 25, 1973 WATCHES HAVING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS  Inventor: Okito Naito, Suwa, Japan  Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Suwa Seikosha,
Tokyo, Japan  Filed: Feb. 2, 1972  Appl. No.: 222,742
 Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 10, 1971 Japan 46/5217  US. Cl. 58/50 R, 340/336  Int. Cl. .t, G04b 19/30  Field of Search 58/23 R, 23 A, 23 BA,
58/50 l1 340/309A, 336; 350/160 LC  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/l972 Mitsui 58/50 R 3,672,155 6/1972 Bergey etal. ..58/50R Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant Examiner-Edith Simmons Jackmon Attorney-Alex Friedman et al.
[5 7] ABSTRACT A watch having a liquid crystal display for the digital display of time in response to timing signals produced by divider and driving circuits, which in turn produce said timing signals in response to the high frequency time standard signal of a quartz crystal oscillator. A switch means is coupled to said driving circuits for rendering said liquid crystal-display inoperative without disturbing said oscillator and divider circuit.
3 Claims,,4 Drawing Figures PATENTEDUEEZS i975 3.780.523
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to watches incorporating liquid crystal displaydevices, and wherein a quartz crystal oscillator serves as a time standard. One defect in such watches is that liquid crystal displays have fairly short lives, about 5,000 -,7,000 hours, so that replacement of the liquid crystal display is required after only a short period of use.
Further, since about l-30uW are required to drive liquid crystal displays and since small-sized batteries of limited capacity are incorporated in watches, the drain on the battery must be minimized to the extent possible so as to extend the life of the battery. If the battery of the watch has to be changed more often then about once a year, then the watch would not prove commercially practical.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Generally speaking, in accordance with the invention, a watch is provided having a quartz oscillator for producing a high frequency time standard signal, divider and driving circuit means for producing timing signals in response to said high frequency time standard signal, liquid crystal display means for digitally displaying time in response to said timing signals, and switch means operatively coupled to said driving circuit means for rendering said liquid crystal display means inoperative without rendering said divider circuit means simultaneously inoperative.
The switch means may include a light detecting element for rendering said liquid crystal display inoperative upon the detection of less than a predetermined level of light by said light detecting element. Said driving circuit means may include inverter means having an output coupled to said liquid crystal display means and an input coupled to the output of a NAND gate. A first input of said NAND gate is coupled to said divider circuit means for receiving timing signals therefrom while a second input of said NAND gate is coupled to said switch means for application of a voltage thereto when said switch means is on, whereby said liquid crystal display means is operative only .when said switch means is on.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a fully electronic wrist watch including a digital display.
Another object of the invention is to provide means for extending the life of the liquid crystal displays incorporated in a watch.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for prolonging life of the battery in an electronic watch having a liquid crystal display.
Still other objects and advantages of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part be apparent from the specification and drawings.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the constructions hereinafter set forth, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a fuller understanding of the invention, reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of one embodiment of'the arrangement in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of a second embodiment of the arrangement in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 3a is a circuit diagram of an inverter formed from COS/MOS transistors suitable for incorporation in the circuits of FIGS. 1 and 2; and
FIG. 3b is a circuit diagram of a NAND gate formed from COS/MOS transistors suitable for incorporation in the circuits of FIGS. 1 and 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIG. 1, a portion of the driving circuit and liquid crystal display means of an electronic watch is depicted. Specifically, liquid crystal display segments 1, 2 and 3 are commonly connected at one electrode, each of the other electrodes of said liquid crystal display segments being respectively connected to the output of one of inverters 4, 5 and 6. The input to said inverters are respectively provided by the outputs of NAND gates 12, 13 and 14. Each of said NAND gates is provided with two inputs, a first of said inputs of said NAND gates being connected respectively to terminals 7, 8 and 9, which terminals are in turn connected to receive timing signals from the divider and driving circuits of the electronic watch. For example, the electronic watch in accordance with the invention could be formed with a quartz crystal oscillator (not shown) providing a high frequency time standard signal. Said high frequencysignal would be divided by a binary divider chain to a low frequency timing signal which would be applied to suitable driving circuits.
Said driving circuits would include decoder circuits for applying suitable timing signals to respective liquid crystal display segments as required to digitally display time. The segments may be arranged in a conventional seven bar display, seven of said segments being associated with each digit of the display, but the arrangement in accordance with the invention is not limited to this display arrangement.
The other input to NAND gates l2, l3 and 14 is provided by a common line connected through switch 10 to a source of voltage. Said common line is connected through a resistor to ground. When the switch 10 is on (closed), inverters 4, 5 and 6 drive the respective liquid crystal display segments 1, 2 and 3 in response to the timing signals received from terminals 7, 8 and 9 re spectively. For example, a timing pulse applied to terminal 7 would produce a lower output from NAND gate 12 only when switch 10 was on, which low output would produce a high driving output from inverter 4. On the other hand, when switch 10 is off (open), NAND gate 12 will produce a high output irrespective of the signal applied to terminal 7 so that no driving voltage would be applied to liquid crystal display segment 1. The operation of switch 10 in no way affects the operation of the driving and divider circuits which continue to function in their normal manner irrespective of the setting of switch 10 so that the timing keeping function remains unaffected. Only the display function of the watch is disabled by the operation of switch 10, thereby increasing the life of the liquid crystal display segments, as well as the life of the battery providing the source of voltage.
FIG. 2 depicts a second embodiment of the arrangement according to the invention wherein switch 10 is coupled to a photo-detecting element 11 mounted on the liquid crystal dial so as to automatically cut off the operation of the liquid crystal display segments in the presence of insufficient ambient light, irrespective of the setting of switch 10. Switch is coupled through inverter to photo-detecting element 11 and resistor 16, said resistor being in turn connected to a source. In effect, said photo-detecting element serves as the voltage source for one of the inputs to the NAND gates by bringing the input to inverter 15 to ground in the presence of a predetermined level of light to produce said voltage at the inputs to the NAND gates.
As more particularly shown in FIGS. 3a and 3b, the inverter and NAND circuits of the arrangement in ac cordance with the invention are preferably formed from COS/MOS transistors (metal oxide semiconductor transistors disposed in the complementary symmetry configuration). The inverter circuit in accordance with the invention formed from two MOS transistors is depicted in FIG. 3a, while the NAND circuit in accordance with the invention formed from four MOS transistors is depicted in FIG. 3b.
The foregoing arrangements insure that the liquid crystal display device is inoperative when the watch is not being used, or at night, when the liquid crystal display could not be read in any event. In this manner, the life of both the liquid crystal and the battery is extended, insuring the provision of a watch having a liquid crystal display which is commercially feasible.
It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above, and those made apparent from the preceding description, are efficiently attained and, since certain changes may be made in the above constructions without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific fea tures of the invention herein described, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.
1. in a watch having time standard oscillator means for producing a high frequency signal; divider and driving circuit means for producing low frequency timing signals in response to said high frequency signal; and liquid crystal display means operative in respone to said timing signals, the improvement which comprises switch means connected intermediate said liquid crystal display means and said driving circuit means for se lectively rendering said liquid crystal display means inoperative without affecting the operation of said oscillator means and said divider circuit means, said switch means including inverter means having an output coupled to said liquid crystal display means and an input; NAND gate means having an output coupled to said inverter means and first and second inputs, a first of said inputs being coupled to said driving circuit means for receiving timing signals therefrom; and means for selectively applying a voltage to said NAN D gate second input to render said liquid crystal display means operative in response to said timing signal when said voltage is applied to said NAND gate means second input and to render said liquid crystal means inoperative when said voltage is not so applied, said means for selectively applying said voltage including a light detecting element positioned to detect light applied to said liquid crystal display means, and means coupling said light detecting element and said NAND gate means second input for application of said voltage thereto for rendering said liquid crystal display means operative in response to said tuning signal when a predetermined level of light is detected by said light detecting element.
2. A watch as recited in claim 1, wherein said liquid crystal display means is formed from a plurality of liquid crystal display segments, one of said NAND gate means and inverter means being connected to one electrode of each of said liquid crystal display segments, the other electrode of said liquid crystal display segments being connected in common, said light detecting means being connected between said common connection of said liquid crystal display segment electrodes and a common connection of the respective NAND gate means second input.
3. In a watch having a time standard oscillator means for producing a high frequency signal; divider and driving circuit means for producing low frequency timing signals in response to said high frequency signals; and liquid crystal display means disposed in a watch dial and operative in response to said timing means, the improvement which comprises switch means connected intermediate said liquid crystal display means and said driving circuit means for selectively rendering said liquid crystal display meansinoperative without affecting the operation of said oscillator means and said divider circuit means, said switch means including a manually operable on and off switch, a photo-detecting element mounted on said watch dial, and circuit means interconnecting said switch means and photo-detecting element so that said liquid crystal display means is rendered operative in response to said timing signal, a predetermined setting of said manual switch and a predetermined level of light detected by said photo-detecting element.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3896430 *||Nov 27, 1973||Jul 22, 1975||Hitachi Ltd||Driving system or liquid crystal display device|
|US3903518 *||Nov 27, 1973||Sep 2, 1975||Hitachi Ltd||Driving system for liquid crystal display device|
|US5258754 *||Jun 5, 1990||Nov 2, 1993||Eurosil Electronic Gmbh||Circuit array for operating a liquid-crystal display (LCD)|
|U.S. Classification||368/68, 368/242, 968/934, 345/51|