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Publication numberUS3781047 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 25, 1973
Filing dateMar 31, 1972
Priority dateMar 31, 1972
Also published asCA965916A1
Publication numberUS 3781047 A, US 3781047A, US-A-3781047, US3781047 A, US3781047A
InventorsSurko W
Original AssigneeEmhart Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable support
US 3781047 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Surko, Jr. Dec. 25, 1973 ADJUSTABLE SUPPORT 3,261,631 7/1966 Alessi 292/2515 2,496,691 2/1950 Berry [751 lnvemor- Walter Sm), Swthmgmn, 3,325,639 6/1967 King 248/206 A ux Conn.

[73] Assignee: Emhart Corporation, Bloomfield, Primary ExammeF-MafVin A- Champion Conn.

Assistant Examiner-William F. Pate, lll AltorneylFrederick J. Haesche [22] Filed: Mar. 31, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 240,220 [57] ABSTRACT An adjustable magnetic door holder comprises an 52 11.s.c1 292/251.5, 248/206 A, 248/285, electromagnetic unit and an adjustable Strike pp 237/3 287/21 which includes a base and an armature or strike plate. 51 1111. cu. E056 17/56 The strike plate is adjustably Coupled to the base by a 58 Field 61 Search 292/2515, DIG. 15; ball and socket joint carried y a cylindrical member 243 20 A, 235 2 13 2g7 3 21 37 12 supported for limited angular movement and axial translation relative to the base whereby wide variation [56] Ref Ci of adjustment between the strike plate and base may UNITED STATES PATENTS be attained to facilitate precise alignment of the strike 2,802,395 8/1957 Madion 248/286 X plate wlth the electromagneuc umt 3,425,657 2/1969 Doyle 287/12 X 15 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures AmtJs'rAaLE SUPPORT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates in general to adjustable supports for coupling structures in stationary relation and deals more particularly with improved supports which provide universal adjustment.

The structure of the present invention may be advantageously employed wherever it is desired to universally couple two relatively stationary structures. However, it has been found particularly suitable for use in a magnetic latching or holding device which maintains a door or the like in open position and permits closing of the door upon application of suitable force or in response to predetermined ambient temperature or smoke condition. A magnetic door holder of the aforedescribed type usually includes an electromagnetic unit for mounting on a wall or the like and an adjustable strike or armature support which includes a base for mounting on a door and a relatively adjustable armature or strike plate which cooperates in magnetic coupled relation with the magnetic unit to hold the door in open position. Wide variations in mounting problems encountered in the field require that the strike plate be adjustable relative to its mounting surface to facilitate proper alignment with the magnetic unit. Heretofore, such strike assemblies have been provided with ball and socket joint connection between a mounting base and armature or strike plate to permit some degree of swivel adjustment therebetween. However, the limited degree of adjustment attainable by such strike assemblies has not proven satisfactory to meet all mounting requirements.

It is the general aim of the present invention to provide an improved adjustable support having a wide range of adjustment. A more specific aim of the invention is to provide an attractive durable strike support for a magnetic door holder of the aforedescribed general type which support has an extremely wide range of adjustment and a degree of self alignment capability.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention, an adjustable support is provided which comprises a first member supporting a second member for limited angular movement about an axis and relative to the first member. A ball mounted on the second member with the center thereof radially offset from the axis is received in a socket associated with a third member which is angularly movable relative to the ball. A means is provided to releasably retian the second member in a selected position of angular adjustment relative to the first member.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. l is a side elevational view of a magnetic door holder which includes an adjustable strike support embodying the present invention, the strike support being shown attached to a door and magnetically coupled to an electromagnetic holder unit mounted on a wall.

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the strike support of FIG. ll.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 33 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a plan view of the strike support of FIG. ll shown mounted on a door, various positions of adjustment being illustrated.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a pivot which comprises a part of the holder of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Turning now to the drawing, the present invention is illustrated with reference to a magnetic door holder indicated generally by the reference numeral and adapted to provide for automatic emergency release of a closer-equipped smoke and fire barrier door or the like. The door holder 10 comprises a strike assembly or adjustable strike support indicated generally at 12 shown attached to a door 14 and an electromagnetic holder unit 16 shown mounted on a wall 18. As illustrated, the door holder 10 is in activated condition, the strike assembly 12 being magnetically coupled in faceto-face relation to the electromagnetic unit 16 and holding the door 14 in an open position. On interruption of currect to the elctromagnetic unit 16 by any means such as by operation of a fire or smoke detector, a sprinkler system or the like upon occurrence of a power failure, the electromagnetic holder 16 is deactivated permitting the closer-equipped door I4 to swing to closed position.

Novel features of the invention are embodied in the adjustable strike assembly l2 which generally comprises a first member or base 20, a second member or pivot 22, which is adjustably mounted on the base and carries a ball 24, and a third member or strike indicated generally at 26. The strike or armature 26 is carried by the ball 24 and is angularly adjustable relative thereto.

Considering the strike support 12 in further detail, the base 20 has a substantially planar rear mounting surface 28 and a generally cylindrical bore 30 opening through the lower surface of the base. The axis of the bore 30 is designated by the numeral 31 and generally parallel to the mounting surface 28. A forwardly opening groove 32 formed in the base communicates radially with the bore 30 and has a generally semicircular configuration as viewed in side elevation and as best shown in FIG. I. The radius of curvature of the groove 32 is substantially greater than the radius of curvature of the ball 24 which is at least partially received within the groove. Fasteners 34, 34 secure the base 20 to the door 14, substantially as shown.

The pivot 22 is generally cylindrical and slidably received in the bore 30 for limited angular movement about the axis 31 and for limited axial translation relative to the base 20. It has a radially outwardly opening recess or notch 36 formed therein and an internally threaded opening 38 which extends diametrically therethrough and opens into the recess 36. The ball 24 is mounted on the pivot 22 to move therewith, the center of the ball being radially offset from the axis 31. The ball 24 has a parti-spherical configuration and includes a radially outwardly projecting threaded shank 40 which is threadably received in the hole 38. The outer end of the shank 40 is adapted to extend through the pivot 22 and bear against the surface of the bore 30 to releasably retain the pivot 22 in a preselected position of adjustment relative to the base 20. An hexagonal socket 42 formed in the ball 24 diametrically opposite the shank 40 opens through the forward surface of the ball for cooperative engagement with an associated tool or wrench (not shown) which may be used to tighten the ball and thereby secure the device in a desired position of adjustment.

As shown, the strike 26 is formed in two parts and icludes a generally circular strike or armature plate 44, which complements the circular configuration of the face of the magnet unit 16, and a relatively thin back plate 46, which cooperates with the armature plate to define a parti-spherical socket 48, which recevies and retains the ball 24 therein and in frictional engagement therewith. The armature plate 26 has a rearwardly extending annular peripheral skirt 49 which is rolled inwardly over the edge of the back plate 46 to retain it in assembly with the armature plate 44. The armature plate has a generally forwardly facing substantailly planar strike surface 50 for engaging the face of the magnet unit 16. A circular hole 52 opens through the strike surface 50 and communicates with the socket 48 to expose a portion of the ball 26 diametrically opposite the shank 40 whereby a wrench may be inserted into the hexagonal socket 42 to turn the shank 40 in the pivot 22 in adjusting the device.

The strike assembly 12 is mounted on the door 14 with the strike 26 in general alignment with the magnet unit 16 and the axis 31 disposed in a generally vertical direction. Some adjustment may be necessary to attain precise alignment between the strike surface 50 and the associated face of the magnet unit 16 to attain maximum magnetic efficiency. Vertical alingment may be attained by loosening the shank 38 relative to the pivot 22 and adjusting the vertical position of the pivot 22 relative to the base 20, as shown in FIG. 1 where the limits of vertical adjustment of the strike 26 are indicated by broken lines. Horizontal alignment may be attained by adjusting the angular position of the pivot 22 relative to the base and the strike 26 relative to the ball 24 as shown in FIG. 4 where a centralized position of the strike is indicated by broken lines at 26a and an alternate position of horizontal offset adjustment is indicated by the full line position of the strike 26. The plane of the strike surface 50 may also be angularly offset relative to the plane of the mounting surface 28 to adapt the device to various mounting requirements by adjusting the angular position of the pivot 22 relative to the base 20 such as shown by the position of the strike indicated at 26b in FIG. 4. A somewhat more extreme position of angular adjustment is indicated at 26a in H0. 4. The adjustable strike support 12 is releasably retained in any preselected position of adjustment by turning the ball 24 relative to the pivot 22 to cause the shank 40 to bear against the wall of the bore 30. As previously noted, the strike 26 is supported for limited angular movement relative to the ball 24 and is retained in precise alignment relative to the magnetic unit 16 by frictional engagement of the ball 24 and its associated socket 48. Since the strike may move relative to the ball in response to applied force sufficient to overcome the frictional engagement of the ball and socket it will be evident the face of the strike 26 will align itself with the face of the magnet unit 16 when the strike support 26 is brought into engagement with the magnet unit 16. Even if the ball joint should loosen due to wear the strike 26 will nevertheless attain face-to-face engagement with the magnetic unit 16 each time the door 14 is moved to its hold open position provided a reasonable degree of alignement is maintained between the strike and magnetic unit.

The invention has been illustrated and described with reference to a magnetic door holder; however, it will be evident that the adjustable support of the invention may be advantageously employed wherever it is desirable to adjustable couple structures. Thus, for example, an adjustable support made in accordance with the present invention may be employed as a mount means for a camera or optical instrument and it should be understood that such varied uses are contemplated within the scope of the invention. 1 claim:

1. An adjustable support comprising a first member, a second member pivotally mounted on said first member for angular movement about an axis and relative to said first member, a ball having a parti-spherical surface, means for mounting said ball on said second member with the center of said ball radially off-set from said axis and for movement with said second member and relative to said first member and for releasably retaining said second member in selected angular position relative to said first member, and a third member having a parti-spherical socket receiving and retaining said ball therein, said third member being angularly movable relative to said ball.

2. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 1 wherein said ball has a shank projecting outwardly therefrom threadably engaging said second member and engageable with said first member, said shank comprising said means for releasably retaining said second member.

3. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 2 wherein said first member has a generally cylindrical bore, said second member is journalled in said bore, and said shank extends through said second member and engages the wall defining said bore.

4. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 1 wherein said first member defines a generally planar mounting surface and said axis is generally parallel to said mounting surface.

5. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 1 wherein said second member is mounted on said first member for limited axial translation relative thereto.

6. An adjustable armature support assembly for a magnetic door holder and comprising a base having a bore and a generally radially outwardly opening groove communicating with said bore, a generally cylindrical member slidably received in said bore, a ball having a parti-spherical surface and including an outwardly projecting shank, said shank threadably engaging said cylindrical member and retaining said ball at least partially within said groove, a strike having a partispherical socket receiving and retaining said ball therein, said strike being angularly movable relative to said ball, said ball and said strike being supported by said cylindrical member for limited angular movement and axial translation relative to said base.

7. An adjustable armature support assembly as set forth in claim 6 wherein said cylindrical member has a radially outwardly opening notch formed therein, said ball being partially disposed with said notch.

8. An adjustable armature support assembly as set forth in claim 6 wherein said shank extends through said cylindrical member and engages the wall of said bore to releasably retain said cylindrical member and said ball in selected angular and axial position relative to said base.

9. An adjustable armature support assembly as set forth in claim 6 wherein said strike has a strike surface and a hole therethrough opening through said strike surface and communicating with said socket to expose a portion of said ball generally diametrically opposite said shank and means assoicated with the exposed portion of said ball for cooperative engagement with a tool for rotating said shank relative to said cylindrical member.

10. An adjustable support comprising a first member, a second member slidably supported on said first member for angular movement about a pivot axis relative to said first member and for limited axial translation along said pivot axis, said first member defining a generally planar mounting surface, said pivot axis being generally parallel to said mounting surface, means for releasably retaining said second member in selected position relative to said first member, a ball having a parti-spherical surface, means for mounting said ball on said second member with the center of said ball radially off-set from said pivot axis and for movement with said second member and relative to said first member, and a third member having a parti-spherical socket receiving and retaining said ball therein, said third member being angularly movable relative to said ball.

11. An adjustable support comprising a first member having a generally cylindrical bore and a radially outwardly opening groove communicating with said bore, a generally cylindrical second member slidably received in said bore and angularly movable about its axis and relative to said first member, means for releasably retaining said second member in selected position relative to said first member, a ball having a parti-spherical surface, means for mounting said ball on said second member at least partially within said groove with the center of said ball radially off-set from said axis and for movement with said second member and relative to said first member, and a third member having a partispherical socket receiving and retaining said ball therein, said third member being angularly movable relative to said ball.

12. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 11 wherein said second member and said ball cooperate with said first member to restrain said third member for limited angular movement and limited axial translation relative to said first member.

13. An adjustable support as set forth in claim 11 wherein said cylindrical member has a radially outwardly opening notch formed therein, said ball being partially received within said notch.

14 An adjustable support as set forth in claim 13 wherein said second member and said ball cooperate with said first member to restrain said third member for limited angular movement and limited axial translation relative to said first member.

15. An adjustable armature support assembly for a magnetic door holder and comprising a base defining a rearwardly facing, generally planar mounting surface and having a bore with the axis thereof generally parallel to said mounting surface and a generally radially outwardly and forwardly opening groove communicating with said bore, a generally cylindrical member slidably received in said bore and having a radially outwardly opening notch therein, a ball having a partispherical surface and including an outwardly projecting shank, said shank threadably' engaging said cylindrical member within said notch and retaining said ball at least partially within said groove, said shank extending through said cylindrical member and engaging the wall of said bore to releasably retain said cylindrical member and said ball in selected angular and axial position relative to said base, a strike having a substantially planar, generally forwardly facing strike surface and a rearwardly opening parti-spherical socket receiving and retaining said ball therein, said strike being angularly movable relative to said ball, said ball and said strike being supported by said cylindrical member for limited angular movement and axial translation relative to said base,

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No, 3,781,047 Dated December 25, 1973 Inventor(s) Walter E Surko, Jr.

It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Col. 1, line 51, "retian" should be --retain--.

C01. 2, line 19, "currect" should be --current--.

Col. 3, line 6 "rec'evies" should be --receives--.

Col. 3, line 64, "alignement" should be --alignment--.

Col. 4, line 56, "with" should be --within--.

Signed and sealed this 23rd day of d April 19714..

(SEAL) v Attest: v v h v 'lJDwAHD I LFIETGHERJR. C. MARSHALL DANN' Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents F R PC4050 0459) I USCOMM-DC scan-pen I I 9 ma GOVERNMENT PRINTNG OFFICE 2 '95 0"356334,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4669766 *Sep 11, 1986Jun 2, 1987Hanchett Entry Systems, Inc.Door holding magnet
US4744810 *Mar 31, 1986May 17, 1988Isover Saint-GobainProcess for forming fiber mats
US4798567 *Mar 3, 1988Jan 17, 1989Mitsuboshi Belting, LimitedPower transmission belt
US4852919 *Feb 2, 1989Aug 1, 1989Schlage Lock CompanyDoor magnet improvement
US4941235 *May 2, 1989Jul 17, 1990Application Art Laboratories Co., Ltd.Magnetic lock closure device
US4957316 *Apr 19, 1989Sep 18, 1990Harrow Products, Inc.Armature for electromagnetic lock
US5139293 *Nov 8, 1991Aug 18, 1992Von Duprin, Inc.Armature assembly for electromagnetic door holder
US5201896 *Jun 20, 1991Apr 13, 1993Kruszewski Kevin WUniversal audio speaker mounting bracket
US5687499 *Sep 29, 1995Nov 18, 1997Brnjac; StephenOverhead advertising display system
US5741034 *Oct 2, 1995Apr 21, 1998General Signal CorporationElectromagnetic door holder apparatus
US5782512 *Jan 13, 1997Jul 21, 1998Xerox CorporationMagnetic field latch assembly
US5790910 *Aug 4, 1997Aug 4, 1998Peerless Industries, Inc.Camera mounting apparatus
US5944368 *Jun 12, 1997Aug 31, 1999Hastings; Mark S.Door knob holding device
US7889482 *Jun 20, 2007Feb 15, 2011Lg Electronics Inc.Display assembly for refrigerator
US8615852May 13, 2009Dec 31, 2013Termax CorporationMagnetic fastener clip
US20110119865 *Nov 17, 2010May 26, 2011Majid VigehDoor stop pin and related assembly
WO1993009320A1 *Jul 27, 1992May 9, 1993Von Duprin IncArmature assembly for electromagnetic door holder
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/251.5, 403/122, 403/59, 403/53, 403/127, 403/90
International ClassificationE05C17/56, E05C17/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05C17/56
European ClassificationE05C17/56