|Publication number||US3781856 A|
|Publication date||Dec 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 22, 1971|
|Priority date||Dec 26, 1970|
|Also published as||DE2163414A1, DE2163414B2|
|Publication number||US 3781856 A, US 3781856A, US-A-3781856, US3781856 A, US3781856A|
|Inventors||Aizawa T, Kawamata T, Sawada T, Saya H, Tauchi Y|
|Original Assignee||Fujitsu Ltd, Nippon Telegraph & Telephone|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (2), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Aizawa et al.
[ TERMINAL COMMUNICATION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD Nippon Telephone & Telephone Public Corporation, Tokyo; Fujitsu Limited, Kawasaki, Japan Filed: Dec. 22, 1971 Appl. No.: 210,640
[ Dec. 25, 1973 3,639,913 Watson A. IMO/172.5
 ABSTRACT In a data processing system, a communication control system for terminal equipment, such as a typewriter, receives and processes control codes for that terminal equipment for controlling the operation thereof and, particularly, automatically inserts idle codes immediately after certain control codes such as for controlling line feed, tabulation, and carriage return operations. Control codes received by the control system from a central processing unit are collated with char-  Foreign Application Priority Data I Y f d f acter c asst lcation in ormation store in a memory 0 Dec,26, 1970 Japan 45/118994 the c nt ol yst fo detecting and identifying the  U S Cl 340/172 5 Gosh/13,02 predetermined control codes. For each such identified  340/172 5 control code, a signal-inserting circuit is actuated for inserting an idle code of prescribed length immedi-  Reierences Cited ately thereafter and thus prior to the next successive control code, to afford sufficient time for proper oper- UNITED STATES PATENTS ation of the terminal equipment. Through use of the 3,680,051 7/1972 B1CSS111131 340/1725 invention programming requirements ()f the central 3569943 3/1971 f 340/1725 processing unit are greatly simplified and the length of fizigaj i g data required to be transmitted is minimized. 3,636,524 1/l972 Holland 340/1725 14 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures 1 7 jg "2 7 1 tu. l 3 I J 5 n N N RG 0 o o 9 Q 2 --3 a I N 0 c 1 162 b i L C R L. R r i I61 I 1 k c B IFC CPU -L.UT+-SPC*- AB AN c 1 TM j HDJ- 0c IO N f I I x r c 2 3 1 ccu TERMINAL COMMUNICATION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to data processing systems and, more particularly, to a communication control system for use therein, for receiving and processing data for control of terminal units such as typewriters or other equipment.
State of the Prior Art A terminal unit, such as a typewriter, of a data processing system performs a number of different functions or operations in response to various, different control codes applied thereto. These include the functions of typing individual letters or characters, as well as various non-typing functions, such as return, line feed, tabulation, and back space operations. In general, each of these non-typing functions requires a longer operating time than that for the operation of typing an individual letter or character. For simplicity, all of the non-typing functional codes are referred to hereinafter by the general term, typewriter control code.
Typically, each of these functions, be it a typing function or a non-typing function, is identified by a corresponding, specific code consisting of one character presented in a suitable code. Accordingly, if the typewriter control codes are supplied successively at the normal character transmitting time intervals, the typewriter cannot perform its function satisfactorily. In conventional data processing systems, this problem is overcome by an operation performed within the central processing unit of the basic data processing system. More specifically, the central processing unit, when transmiting typewriter control codes together with letter or character codes, operates to insert one or more idle codes immediately after each typewriter control code. The idle codes are selected such that they do not interfere with the typewriter operation and thus have no control effect thereon. Accordingly, the idle codes are selected to provide a sufficient operating time to enable the specific typewriter control function required to be performed by a given control code. The insertion of such idle codes by the central processing unit, however, increases the amount, or length, of the data required to be transmitted and presents an additional burden in the development of the associated software for the central processing unit.
The present invention overcomes these and other de' fects of prior art systems and particularly is directed to obviating the requirement, in conventional data processing systems, of providing the idle codes as aforedescribed; more specifically, the present invention comprises an improved communication control system which controls the terminal unit and automatically inserts idle codes to assure proper operation of the terminal unit.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 comprises a block diagram ofa data processing system with which the communication control system of the invention may be utilized; and
FIG. 2 comprises a more detailed block diagram of the communication control system of the invention, as incorporated in the data processing system of FIG. I.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention, the communication control system is utilized in a data processing system for receiving control codes from a central processing unit and presenting them to a terminal unit for control of the operation thereof. The communication control system includes a permanent memory for storing a character classification table. Character request circuits generate a character request signal for requesting transmission of a character code from the central processing unit. When received, the code is stored in a character buffer in the control system. That character is decoded and collated with the prestored characters of the classification table of the permanent memory to identify whether the code represents the operation of typing an individual character or letter, requiring what may be termed a standard time interval, or whether it comprises a typewriter control code representing a non-typing function of the terminal unit, and thus requiring a greater operating time than that for typing a character or letter. When a typewriter control code is identified, timing means are enabled for inserting an appropriate number of idle codes subsequent to the typewriter control code in an assembly buffer, thereby to afford sufficient time for the control function to be performed. The character request circuitry then requests a further character code from the central processing unit in timed relationship to the control code currently being processed, whereby the further control code is received in proper timed relationship with respect to the control function required by the previously received control code. In the event that a control code, as received, is recognized by the collation function as not comprising a typewriter control code, and thus only requiring the operation of typing an individual letter or character, the control code is processed without the insertion of idle codes and a character request signal is transmitted immediately to the central processing unit.
The control system of the invention therefore provides for the automatic insertion ofidle codes by recognition of each character code, as received, and thus the corresponding function to be performed. Accordingly, the insertion of idle codes by the central processing unit as in conventional prior art systems is obviated, greatly simplifying the necessary software employed in th central processing unit and reducing the length of the data required to be transmitted.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In FIG. 1 there is shown a block diagram of a data processing system incorporating a communication control system in accordance with the invention. Particularly, there is provided a central processing unit CPU which transmits data through a multiplexing channel MXC to the communication control system CCU and, particularly, to an interface circuit [PC of the latter. This data comprises various control codes requiring respectively corresponding functions to be performed by the terminal equipment, for example a typewriter, such as the function of typing specified, individual letters or characters as well as non-typing functions such as return, line feed, tabulation, and back space. The data is processed through a communication control circuit TC and a line circuit LC to an output line unit LUT for actuation of the terminal unit in accordance with the code. Additionally, the line unit LUT has plural output lines connected with corresponding plural terminal units and these lines transmit and receive information between the line unit LUT and each terminal unit. In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, each of the circuit blocks CPU, MXC, IFC, TC, LC and LUT as shown in FIG. 1, may take the form of the corresponding circuits as disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,337855 and 3,34l,8l 8.
The control system CCU furthermore includes a permanent memory PM storing a character classification table affording, in a collation-type operation, identification of each received typewriter control code. A timer TM then operates to provide the necessary timing interval to permit proper operation ofthe terminal unit in response thereto, as is more fully described in relation to FIG. 2. Alternatively, the timing control may be performed by a character counter provided in a temporary memory CM. In such an embodiment, the number of idle codes subsequent to each typewriter control code are counted thereby to establish the required duration of the timing interval.
Referring now to FIG. 2, and assuming the communication control system to be on line with the central processing unit, as performed in conventional manner, a line character requesting circuit LCR activates a character requesting circuit LR to produce a character request signal. This signal is supplied through the normally enabled gate 102 to an interface circuit lFC for transmission through the multiplexing channel MXC to the central processing unit CPU. in response thereto, the unit CPU transmits a character code through the multiplexer channel MXC to the interface circuit lFC of the communication control system CCU. The character code transmitted from the unit CPU to the character buffer CB may be either a typewriter control code or a code for the operation of typing an individual letter or character. The character code thus received is transferred to the character buffer CE for temporary storage, the output of the buffer CB supplying the character code both to a second normally enabled gate IG! and a decoder DC.
The decoder DC operates in conjunction with the permanent memory PM, the latter having stored therein a character classification table identifying each of the typewriter control codes, as distinguished from the codes relating to typing of characters or numerals. Decoder DC operates to decode the character code received thereby for addressing the permanent memory PM; thus, the decoded signal from the decoder DC accesses the address of the permanent memory PM. In the event that the decoded character is not a typewriter control code, i.e. the decoded character represents a typing function code, no output is produced from the permanent memory PM because no corresponding information in said address to the typewriter control code has been stored beforehand. Thus, it is determined that the operation to be performed is, for example, typing of a character or numeral and which is accomplished in a standard time interval. Thus, no additional time is required. Accordingly, the assembly buffer AB which receives the code from the gate lGl supplies the code to a serial to parallel converter SPC and then to the line unit LUT for activation of the terminal unit.
In the event that the character code is a typewriter control code, such as line feed, return, tabulation or back space of a typewriter, the information corresponding to the specific typewriter control code, such as the signal 1", 2" and 3", indicating the idle code insertion interval, is read out from the permanent memory PM and stored in a register R0. The information corresponding to the specific typewriter control code has been stored at the address of the memory which was addressed by the decoded character code. An idle code insertion judging circuit IDJ responds to the information stored in register R6 to determine the additional time required for the thus identified function to be performed by the typewriter. The circuit [01 then controls timer TM in accordance with that function. That is, the idle code insertion judging circuit [D] decodes the information stored in the register BC by an inner decoder IDJ-DC to control a timer TM. The timer TM has a number of timing circuits TMI, TMZ and TM3 and a selected one of the said circuits is activated in response to the output of the circuit ID].
More specifically, the actuation time of the timer TM as established by the circuit lDJ may be for any of a plurality of periods of different lengths of time in excess of the standard time interval, and depending upon the specific typewriter control code as identified by the output from the permanent memory PM. For example, the actuating period for the return operation of the typewriter can be set to be longer than the actuating period for a back space operation. Thus, the character classification table may produce an appropriate output representing a comparatively longer timer actuation period for a return code while producing an output representing a comparatively shorter timer actuation period for a back space code.
The output of timer TM is supplied to the disable inputs of the normally enabled gates I01 and I62 and thus for the duration of its actuation, disables those gates. Accordingly, the character requesting signal from the circuit LR is inhibited from being applied to the interface circuit lFC for the duration ofthat timing period. Similarly, transfer of any further character code from the character buffer CB to the assembly buffer AB is inhibited by disabling of the gate lGl.
The output of the timer TM is, as well, applied to AND gate AN. Therefore, when both the output of the timer TM and the transmit timing signal applied periodically from a transmit timing controller XTC appear, an idle code from the idle code generating circuit IDL is applied to the assembly buffer AB through the AND gate AN. As shown in the drawing, the idle code generating circuit lDL selectively controls the output levels on the eight output lines thereof, in accordance with an eight bit idle code. Specifically, each output line is connected with input lines labelled 0 or 1 through a patchboard P. Therefore, the output 0 or 1 appears at each of the output lines thereby establishing the idle code output signal.
Upon termination of the timer actuation period, the inhibit gates 1G1 and lG2 again are enabled to permit the aforedescribed transfer of the character request signal from the circuit LR through interface circuit IFC and, as well the transfer of the character from the character buffer CB to the assembly buffer AB.
In summary, therefore, the communication control CCU of the invention operates to insert automatically a suitable idle code or codes immediately after each typewriter control code without necessitating any operation at the central processing unit CPU. As a result, accurate data transmission and efficient data processing are assured.
Numerous alternatives to the specific system as dis closed will be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, as an alternative to use of timer TM, a character counter or an output code counter may be utilized to establish the desired time interval for operation of the typewriter in response to each control code. With such a counter, the number of idle codes inserted immediately after each typewriter control code are counted, and the typewriter operating period corresponding to each of these control codes may be determined by regulating the number of idle codes following the typewriter control codes. A character counter to perform this counting operation may be provided in the temporary memory CM(FIG. l) which may be incorporated in the line circuit LC (HO. 1). As a further alternative, a long mark signal, or other suitable signal may be employed in lieu of the idle code or idle codes to afford the necessary timing function.
Thus, in the operations wherein the characters or the idle codes are counted, the operating period allowed for each typewriter control code can be determined by selectively regulating the number of the idle codes which are inserted immediately after the typewriter control code as a function of the specific control operation. Similarly, the length of a mark signal may be regulated in accordance with the required control operation specified by the typewriter control code. Thus, in either instance of the use of a long mark or one or more idle codes, a timing interval of selectively controlled duration may be provided to assure proper operation of the typewriter.
In summary, the communication control system of the invention, upon detection ofa specific control code for operation of terminal equipment automatically inserts thereafter one or more additional codes having no control effect on the operation of the terminal equipment. Accordingly, the modification of the data to incorporate such idle codes subsequent to each control code, and which has heretofore been accomplished at a central processing unit, now is effected automatically by the communications control system. Accordingly, the software for the central processing unit is considerably simplified. Furthermore, interference to the terminal equipment by codes produced by the central processing unit is eliminated and accurate data transmission is assured.
Numerous modifications and adaptations of the system of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art and thus it is intended by the dependent claims to cover all such modifications and adaptations as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
I. For use in a data processing system having a central processing unit for supplying codes for controlling operation of terminal equipment, and wherein certain of the codes are control codes as to which the corre sponding operation of the terminal equipment exceeds a standard time interval of operation as required for operation in response to others of the codes, a communication control system for receiving and processing the codes from the central processing unit comprising:
means for receiving and temporarily storing each code received by the control system;
means for identifying each said stored control code in said storing means for which the corresponding operation of said terminal equipment exceeds the standard time interval;
means responsive to each identified control code for determining the corresponding predetermined interval of terminal operation of said identified control code;
means for generating an idle code having no control effect on said terminal equipment; and
means responsive to identification of a control code by said identifying means for selectively applying to said terminal equipment the idle code from said generating means in response to each such identitied control code, for a time interval corresponding to said predetermined interval of terminal operation according to said identified control code to afford a sufficient time for operation of said terminal equipment.
2. A communications control system as recited in claim 1 wherein said identifying means includes a memory storing a character classification table corresponding to each of the control codes.
3. A communications control system as recited in claim 2 wherein said identifying means further includes decoding means responsive to the code received and stored by said code storing means for collating each such received code with the character classification table of said memory.
4. A communications control system as recited in claim 3 wherein said identifying means further comprises:
a register for storing the control code identification derived from said memory. 5. A communications control system as recited in claim 1 wherein there is further provided:
an assembly buffer; a gate for supplying said timing code from said timing code generating means to said assembly buffer, and
said gate is normally disabled and is enabled by said inserting means for the time interval established thereby.
6. A communications control system as recited in claim 5 wherein said idle code generating means generates a succession of idle codes.
7. A communications control system as recited in claim 1 wherein:
said timing code generating means generates a succession of idle codes, and
said applying means includes means for counting the number of idle codes inserted subsequent to the control code to establish a timing code of the required time interval.
8. A communications control system as recited in claim 1 wherein:
said idle code generating means generates an idle code of relatively long duration, and
said applying means responsive to the identification of the control code for inserting the long duration idle code subsequent to each control code for the required time interval corresponding to the identified control code.
9. A communications control system as recited in claim 1 wherein there is further provided:
means for generating a character request signal to be transmitted to the central processing unit for requesting transmission of each successive code to the communication control system,
first gating means normally enabled to pass the character request signal for transmission and disabled by said inserting means for the duration of each timing code,
output means for supply of codes from said communication control system to said terminal equipment, and
second gating means normally enabled to transmit the received code from said temporary storage means to said output means, and disabled by said applying means for the duration of the idle code produced thereby.
10. In a data processing system having a central processing unit for supplying codes for controlling operation of terminal equipment, and wherein certain of the codes are control codes as to which the corresponding interval of operation of the terminal equipment exceeds a standard time interval of operation as required for operation in response to others of the codes, a method of operation for receiving and processing the codes from the central processing unit comprising:
receiving and temporarily storing each code received by the control system;
identifying each said control code for which the corresponding operation of said terminal equipment exceeds the standard time interval and its corresponding interval of operation;
generating a timing code having no control effect on said terminal equipment; and
selectively inserting the timing code subsequent to each control code in accordance with the interval of operation of the corresponding identified control code to afford a sufficient time for operation of said terminal equipment.
ll. A method of operation as recited in claim 10 wherein the identifcation of each control code comprises:
storing in a memory a character classification table corresponding to each of the control codes, decoding each said received and stored code, and
collating each such received code with the character classification table stored in the memory for deriving therefrom an identification of the control code. 12. A method of operation as recited in claim 10,
the step of generating includes providing a succession of idle codes as the timing code, and
the step of selectively inserting includes the insertion of a number of idle codes subsequent to each said control code to establish a timing code of the required time interval.
13. A method of operation as recited in claim 10,
the step of generating includes providing a long duration signal as the timing code, and
the step of selectively inserting includes the insertion of a single long duration signal subsequent to the insertion of each control code for the required time interval of operation corresponding to the identified idle code.
14. A method of operation as recited in claim 10 further comprising:
generating a character request signal to be transmitted to the central processing unit for requesting transmission of each successive code to the communication control system,
transmitting a successive character request signal upon receipt of each code requiring a standard time interval of operation of the terminal equipment, and
for each received control code requiring an operation of said terminal equipment exceeding the standard time interval, transmitting a successive character request signal upon termination ofthe timing code inserted subsequent to each said control code.
i i 4' i Patent No. 3,781,856 D d December 25, 1973 Inventor(s) TETSUYA AIZAWA ET AL It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
' The Assignees of the above-identified patent shall read:
Nippon Telegraph E. Telephone Public Corporetion, Tokyo;
Fujitsu Limited, Kawasaki, Japan Signed and sealed this 21st day of May 197 b (SEAL) Attest:
EDWARD LLQ'LLSTUTLEEQJK. c. I-mnsnALL DAMN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3569943 *||Apr 2, 1969||Mar 9, 1971||Ibm||Variable speed line adapter|
|US3618031 *||Jun 29, 1970||Nov 2, 1971||Honeywell Inf Systems||Data communication system|
|US3636524 *||Dec 8, 1969||Jan 18, 1972||Tel Tech Corp||Multiplex communication system|
|US3639913 *||Nov 10, 1969||Feb 1, 1972||North American Rockwell||Method and apparatus for addressing a memory at selectively controlled rates|
|US3680051 *||Jul 29, 1970||Jul 25, 1972||Honeywell Inf Systems||Apparatus for maintaining character synchronization in a data communication system|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4202040 *||Apr 27, 1976||May 6, 1980||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Data processing system|
|US4894798 *||Jun 20, 1986||Jan 16, 1990||International Business Machines Corporation||Automatic stop code insertion feature for a word processing apparatus|
|International Classification||H04L13/08, G06F3/09, G06F13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F3/09, H04L13/08|
|European Classification||G06F3/09, H04L13/08|
|Jul 30, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NIPPON TELEGRAPH & TELEPHONE CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE PUBLIC CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004454/0001
Effective date: 19850718