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Publication numberUS3782322 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1974
Filing dateSep 28, 1970
Priority dateSep 28, 1970
Publication numberUS 3782322 A, US 3782322A, US-A-3782322, US3782322 A, US3782322A
InventorsWilson P
Original AssigneeWilson P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Field marking system and a marker therefor
US 3782322 A
Predetermined distances are visually marked by a plurality of markers so arranged that a progressively varying distance from a predetermined point is designated by a progressively darker color. The individual markers comprise a hollow, nestable, substantially conical base provided with a receptacle means in the upper surface of said base; a flexible shaft one end of which is adapted to removably engage the receptacle means; and an indicator means affixed to the other end of the shaft.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ljnited States Patent Wilson in] amm .llan.1,1974

[ FIELD MARKKNG SYSTEM AND A MARKER THEREFOR [76] Inventor: Porter Carol Wilson, Box 1 1010,

Tucson, Ariz. 85706 [22] Filed: Sept. 28, 1970 {211 App]. No.2 75,919

1l6/173,174,175;40/125 J, 125 H, 145 A; 94/1.5;52/113, 103,104,116

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,976,000 3/1961 Gumderson 116/173 3,064,617 11/1962 Meagher 116/28 3,478,715 11/1969 Asbury 116/63 P 1,824,643 9/1931 Warren et a1. 40/125 .1

2,333,273 11/1943 Scanlon 40/125 .1 2,385,878 10/1945 Nic01e11o.. 116/173 2,483,734 10/1949 Neal 116/63 P 2,719,214 9/1955 Potter 40/145 A 2,957,444 10/1968 Boettler 116/63 P 3,132,624 5/1964 Shoemaker, Jr 116/63 P 3,153,773 10/1964 Wood 116/63 X 3,233,352 2/1966 Projector et a1. 116/63 UX 3,476,929 11/1969 Klinger 1 16/173 X 1,845,558 2/1932 Rich 40/125 1 2,002,756 5/1935 Segelhorst 40/125 3,036,545 5/1962 Legg 116/28 R FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 777,786 6/1957 Great Britain 116/63 P 891,693 3/1962 Great Britain 951,684 3/1964 Great Britain 1 16/63 P Primary Examiner-Louis J. Capozi AttorneyG0rdon W. l-lueschen Cepuritis and Talivaldis 57 ABSTRACT Predeterrnined distances are visually marked by a plurality of markers so arranged that a progressively vary ing distance from a predetermined point is designated by a progressively darker color. The individual markers comprise a hollow, nestable, substantially conical base provided with a receptacle means in the upper surface of said base; a flexible shaft one end of which is adapted to removably engage the receptacle means; and an indicator means affixed to the other end of the shaft.

2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 1 1974 FIG. 2

. FIG. 3

INVENTOR PORTER C. WILSON FIELD MAKING SYSTEM AND A MARKER THEREFOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to distance and/or boundary markers. In one particular embodiment this invention relates to sideline markers for football fields.

Heretofore yardline markings have been in the form of numbered rubber or plastic plates which are inserted into the ground along a playing field or erected into position at a desired location. Such yardline indentification devices are necessarily bulky so as to allow large, readily visible numerals to be imprinted thereon. The bulk of the device also contributes to the weight thereof. Moreover, the bulk and weight of these devices make it necessary for them to have a relatively low profile relative to the ground which materially reduces the visibility of the numerals and makes it difficult to ascertain the exact location of the reference point both by the players and the spectators.

In order to enhance the visibility of the numerals a dark or black background is provided. This results in markers which are rather stark and unattractive in appearance, especially when contrasted with the colorful uniforms normally associated with athletic events.

Furthermore, low positioning for the markers is also required because the entire marker must collapse, spin, bend, or otherwise offer little resistance if fallen upon or struck by a player.

It is an object of the present invention to provide light-weight markers which obviate the foregoing problems, which are readily visible, and which can be easily handled and stored when not in use. Still other objects will readily present themselves to one skilled in the art upon reference to the ensuing specification, the drawing, and the claims.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention contemplates a light-weight plastic marker comprising a hollow, nestable, substantially conical base which is provided with a receptacle means in the upper surface thereof. A flexible shaft is also provided, one end of the shaft being adapted to removably engage the receptacle means so as to hold the shaft in a substantially upright position when engaged by said receptacle means. An indicator means is affixed to the flexible shaft.

This invention also contemplates a method for visually marking predetermined distances by providing a set or plurality of markers each individual marker being coded with a different color and arranging the markers so that a progressively varying distance from a predetermined location is designated by a progressively darker color.


FIG. I is a perspective view of a portion of the sideline of an athletic field showing the markers of this invention arranged therealong;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of an individual marker in accordance with another embodiment of the invention with portions of the indicator means broken away; and

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the upper portion of a flexible shaft, exploded to show assembly details.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. I, football field I0 is provided with a set of markers II, I2, 13, I4, I5, 16 and 17 along sideline I8. Each marker such as Ill comprises a nestable, frusto-conical base 19 which can be provided, if desired, with outwardly extending flange 20 for enhanced stability. Flexible shaft 211 is removably received in opening 22 in the upper surface of base I9 and retains shaft 21 in a substantially upright position. Indicator means 23 in the form of a pennant or a streamer is affixed to the upper end of shaft 21. In the alternative, the shaft itself can be color coded. Similarly, indicator means 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29 are provided for markers 12, 13, M, I5, 16 and I7, respectively.

The pennants or streamers can be color coded so as to serve the same function as the heretofore utilized numerals in identifying the particular yardlines. For example, the pennant can be white at midfield or 50-yard line, yellow at 40-yard line, orange at 30-yard line, blue at 20-yard line, and green at lO-yard line. The goal line and the end zone could be marked by a red pennant, if desired. As a further embodiment of one aspect of this invention the colors of the pennants are chosen so that a progressively varying incremental distance, for example from mid-field to the end zone, is designated or identified by a progressively darker color.

The indicator means can also comprise a light source situated within or on top of the marker, suitably energized, for example from a self-contained power source such as a battery or the like. The light source can be also situated within the base of a marker, along with the power source, and the marker shaft adapted to glow in response to energization from the light source. Alternatively, the light source can be situated within the shaft, or the shaft can be adapted to glow in response to energization from any suitable power source. Such light source can be made to blink or flash adding numerical identification to the color glow. Electronic equipment is commercially availbale to provide a single repeated flash of green at ten yard marker dual flash of blue at 20 yard marker triple flash of orange at 30 yard marker quadruple yellow flash at 40 yard marker continuous white flashing light at 50 yard marker.

The length of shaft 21 is not critical and can be selected as desired, being controlled only by the size and- /or weight of the base that is used. The receptacle means for the shaft in the base can be a suitably sized socket or a hole in the upper surface of the base through which the shaft can be inserted. When the base and/or the shaft is struck by a player during a game, the base, being made of an elastic material such as rubber or plastic, e. g., polyethylene or the like, will topple over and/or collapse and the flexible shaft will either fly away from the base and/or bend, thereby precluding any injury to the player.

Another marker embodying the present invention is shown in FIG. 2. Base 30 is also conical in shape but of different geometrical configuration than base I I shown in FIG. l and without an outwardly extending lower flange. It has been found that as the lower surface area of base is made larger a lower flange can be dispensed with without sacrificing the overall stability. Shaft 31 is removably received in a blind bare 3ll' in the top surface of base 30 and extends substantially upwardly therefrom. Pennant 32 is affixed at the upper end of shaft 31 by means of cap 33 and pin 34 as will be discussed in more detail hereinbelow.

Referring to Fig. 3, diametrically aligned slits 35 and 36 are provided in the upper portion of shaft 31 within which a doubled over portion of pennant 32 is received. Slit 37 is provided in inner projection 38 of cap 33 and is adapted to engage that portion of pennant 32 situated between slits 35 and 36. Projection 38 is also provided with slot 39 substantially normal to slit 37 and adapted to receive pin 34 therethrough. Cap 33 is also equipped with ridges 42 and 43 which facilitate gripping.

Pennant 32 is affixed to shaft 31 by first doubling over a portion thereof so that hole 40 near one edge of pennant 32 aligns with hole 41 of shaft and a similar hole (not shown) situated near the opposite edge. The doubled over portion is then inserted in slits 35 and 36 so that hole 40 is situated therebetween and cap 33 placed thereover so that the doubled over portion is also received within slit 37 and hole 40 is in alignment with slot 39 and with hole 41 in shaft 31. The entire assembly is then secured in place by means of pin 34 which is inserted through hole 41, slot 39, hole 40, and a diametrically opposite hole (not shown) in shaft 31. Alternatively, the doubled over portion of pennant 32 can be first inserted within slit 37 of cap 33, this subassembly inserted into the upper end of shaft 31 so that the pennant is received in slits 35 and 36, and thereafter secured in place by pin 34 as hereinabove set forth.

The pennants or streamers can be manufactured from any convenient fabric or sheet material such as nylon, nylon-vinyl combinations, vinyl, cotton, or the like.

The flexible shaft can be made of rubber, polyethylene, or the like.

The markers of the present invention, while particularly well suited for designating the yardlines of a football field, are also well suited for delineating parking areas, for crowd control, as well as for marking certain locations or points on cross-country or linking courses. The nestability, light weight, and ease of storage of the present markers make them readily portable and particularly well suited for various marking needs.

The foregoing discussion and the accompanying drawing are intended as illustrative but not limiting. Still other variations and rearrangements of parts within the spirit and scope of this invention will readily present themselves to the skilled artisan.

1 claim:

1. A light weight marker comprising a hollow, nestable, substantially conical base made of elastic material, said base being provided with an opening at the top thereof, a flexible shaft having its lower end removably engaged in said opening and being held in a substantially upright position, said shaft being provided at its upper end with slot means extending therethrough, a streamer having an intermediate portion thereof disposed in said slot means, said upper end of said shaft and said streamer being provided with aligned apertures therein, and pin means extending through said aligned apertures to fasten said streamer to said shaft.

2. A marker according to claim 1, further comprising a cap secured upon the upper end of said shaft, said cap having a lower portion provided with a slit for receiving a part of said intermediate portion of said streamer.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4055840 *Mar 1, 1976Oct 25, 1977Uchytil Anton RReusable safety warning device
US4218157 *Aug 21, 1978Aug 19, 1980Moxness Kermit WParking lot marker apparatus
US4232862 *Feb 1, 1979Nov 11, 1980Michael MasonObstacle safety device
US5269251 *Jul 2, 1992Dec 14, 1993Continental Safety Supply Co.Traffic safety control system and method
US5485700 *Sep 28, 1994Jan 23, 1996Van Vranken; Brian M.Telescopic flag and cone device
US5862773 *Nov 5, 1996Jan 26, 1999Kaufman; Carol G.Resilient flag assembly
US6053657 *Dec 18, 1997Apr 25, 2000Consolidated Edison Company Of New York, Inc.Portable safety marker
US7124705Aug 23, 2002Oct 24, 2006Kuldip RandhawaVisual parking guide
US7690858 *Feb 7, 2008Apr 6, 2010Vincent ChiavolaCommercial vehicle safety barrier
US8740267Feb 26, 2013Jun 3, 2014Tony C. WilsonDeployable tanker truck barrier
US8777512 *Mar 30, 2012Jul 15, 2014David HendersonVertically stackable and retrofittable traffic cone linking
US20030037718 *Aug 23, 2002Feb 27, 2003Kuldip RandhawaVisual parking guide
U.S. Classification116/63.00P, 40/598, 116/173, 404/10
International ClassificationA63C19/06, A63C19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63C19/062
European ClassificationA63C19/06A