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Publication numberUS3783264 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1974
Filing dateJul 7, 1972
Priority dateJul 7, 1972
Publication numberUS 3783264 A, US 3783264A, US-A-3783264, US3783264 A, US3783264A
InventorsR Glickman, F Hamilton, G Hartz, J Tawil
Original AssigneeBerkey Colortran
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reflective barndoor
US 3783264 A
A soft fill luminaire for minimizing shadows on the field to be illuminated is provided with reflective barndoors. The barndoors raise the level of fill illumination at the center of the field without materially reducing the fill illumination at the margins of the field.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Hamilton et a]; Jan. 1, 1974 1 REFLECTIVE BARNDOOR 1,805,886 5/1931 Rizer 240/41.1 1,913,517 6/1933 Smith et a1.. 240/41.1 [75] Inventors: f 'f' Los Angeles; 685,806 11 1901 Weber 240/75 Richard Gllckman, Sherman 1,747,754 2/1930 Craig 240/3 Oaks; George t CanOga 3,643,079 2/1972 Glickman 240/3 Park; Joseph N. Tawil, Woodland Hills, all of Calif.

[73] Assignee: Berkey-Colortran, lnc., Burbank, Primary Examiner-Richard Sheen Calif Attorney-Fred Flam [22] Filed: July 7, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 269,709 I [57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl. 240/3, 240/4l.l5 [51] F2lp 5/00 A Soft fill luminaire for minimizing shadows on the [58] Field of Search 240/3, 3.1, 41.1, fi to be illuminated is prbvided with reflective 2410/4115 41 2 doors. The barndoors raise the level of fill illumination at the center of the field without materially reducing [56] Referen e Cit d the fill illumination at the margins of the field.

UNITED STATES, PATENTS 1,765,957 6/1930 Westphalen 240/3 3 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTEDJAN 1 1974 SHEEI 1 0F 2 o 9 o wmwmwwmmo arm/ve Fee/w z w FEET PATENTEU JAN 1 74 SHEEI 2 OF REFLECTIVE BARNDOOR 1. Field of Invention i This invention relates to lighting'equipment suitable for motion picture and television photography or the like. The objects intended to be photographed may be illuminated by the use of two types of lighting equipment: first, primary or key lighting that brings the field to a level of illumination appropriate for camera use; and second, fill lighting. Fill lighting may be used for two essentially difierent purposes. One purpose is to highlight portions of the field. Another purpose is to soften harsh shadows produced by the primary lighting equipmentfThis invention relates particularly to fill lighting of the type intended to soften the field.

2. Discussion of Prior Art I Typical luminaires for providing a shadowless light comprise a rather large non-focusing reflector-illuminated by anindirect or recessed light source. If the shadows cast by theprimary light source were not sufficiently softened by a single soft fill luminaire, addi- -tional similar luminaires were brought into play. A

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In order to achieve the foregoing objective, we pro vide barndoor type attachments to the soft fill luminaire. Whereas barndoors are ordinarily black and nonreflective, serving onlyrsharply to cutoff primary lightingffrom edge portions of the field, the barndoors that we provide have their interior surfaces reflective. The light energyis redirected rather than absorbed, as in the conventional barndoor arrangement. The intensity level ofthecentral portion of the field. is raised in a shadowless manner.

To the extent that one barndoor intercepts light energy that would illuminate the marginal portions of the field, .the opposite barndoor, by virtue of its reflective function, largely compensates. Consequently, the fill characteristics of the luminaire at the marginal field portions are retained. Although the center of the field is more intensely illuminated, it is illuminated by a source that does not increase the shadow-casting characteristic.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A detailed description of the. invention will be'made with reference "to the accompanying drawings. These drawings, unless described as diagrammatic or unless otherwise indicated,"are to Scale.

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a typical stage, indicating both a primary lighting luminaire and a soft fill luminaire, the softfill luminaire being made in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a graph showing intensity in foot candles of a conventional soft fill luminaire and a luminaire made in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the improved soft fil luminaire y FIG. 4 is a top plan view, thereof. FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary elevational-view showing a typical bracket mounting for the barndoor.

DETAILED. DESCRIPTION The following detailed description is of the best presently contemplated mode of carrying out the invention. This description is not to be taken in a limiting sense but ismade merely for the purpose of illustrating the general principles, of the invention since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims. In FIG. 1 there is illustrated a stage illuminated by one or moreprimary lighting luminaires 10. While the primary luminaire 10 raises the level of illumination adequately for motion picture or television camera work, it casts sharp shadows due at least in part to thefact that the source itself is exposed along the axis of the luminaire opening and due in part to the small physical size of an intense source. In order'to soften the shad ows, a soft fill luminaire 1 2 provided.

The luminaire 12 includes a box-like housing 14 that has a large rectangular frontal opening 16. A source of illumination is located along the bottom of the housing 14, and it is shielded from direct view by a cover plate 18. The light from the source is cast upwardly towards a reflector 20 formed in this instance on the inside of the housing back. The reflectorcasts soft fill lighting outwardly of the opening 16.

The illumination is of the shadowless type due to the indirect location of the illumination source, the large size of the opening 16 and the broad, non-focusing characteristics of thereflector 20. The graph A in FIG. 2 shows the distribution of illumination cast by the luminaire 12 as thus far described.

' Without changing the 'size' or rating of the light source itself, the level of illumination at the center of thefield illuminated by the luminaire 12 is increased without markedly reducing the level of illumination at the marginsof the field, allas indicated by the graph B in FIG. 2. This'is accomplished by providing two barndoors 22 and 24 at ing 14. r

The inner surface of each barndoor does not absorb light cast upon it as a conventional barndoor does, but instead redirects theluminousenergy to the field to be opposite sides of the. luminaire housphotographed. Forthis purpose, the inner surface of each of the barndoors is reflective. The surface may be highly specular or mirror-like or preferably it is slightly mottled. Each barndoor at least partially reiterates the illuminated luminaire housing, not the recessed light source itself. Each barndoor is located at an appropriate angle to intercept thelight radiating from the reflector 20 and to redirect it to the center of the field.

The barndoor 24, for example, necessarily intercepts the soft fill illumination at the-right portion R of the stage. However, the companion barndoor 22 reflects light from the luminaire 12 to the right portion of the stage past the edge of the barndoor 24.8imilarly, the barndoor 24 compensates-for the intercept of the barndoor 22. Asshown in FIG. 2, the marginal illumination is not appreciably reduced by the barndoors 22 and 24. In order to ensure the compensating effect, the width of the barndoors is heldto a fraction of the width of the luminaire opening 16 itself. Good results are achieved by limiting the barndoor width to about one-half the width'of the opening 16.

The soft fill illumination at the center of the field is markedly increased by the reflective character of the barndoors, and the use of a second soft fill luminaire may be avoided.

The configuration barndoors 22 and 24 is otherwise noncritical. The doors 22 and 24 may be supported in any desired manner to provide adjustment of angularity for focusing. In the present instance, the barndoors are generally rectangular. A long, generally U-shaped bracket 26 is attached to the inside of the barndoor 22 near one vertical edge. The ears 28 and 30 of the U- shaped bracket are pivotally mounted by a pair of angle brackets 32 and 34. One of the brackets 34 is shown in detail in FIG. 5. The ear 30 is in face-to-face contact with the upstanding arm of the angle bracket 34. A screw 36 extends through aligned apertures in the ear 30 and the bracket arm and is confined in the apertures by a nut 38. A spring 40 surrounds the bold and acts between the head of the bolt 36 and the car 30 to impose a force yieldingly restraining angular movement of the barndoor. The companion ear 28 of the bracket 26 is similarly supported by the angle bracket 32. The com panion barndoor 24 is supported in the same manner.

Adjustment of the angularity of the barndoors serves to some extent to shape the curve B. For example, the center peak may be flattened and the peripheral level slightly raised. The angularity necessary to focus is of course a function of the distance of the luminaire from the subject illuminated.

Intending to claim all novel, useful and unobvious features shown or described,

We claim: 1. In a system of stage lighting in which one or more luminaires provide primary lighting for the field to be illuminated, the combination therewith of a separate secondary soft fill luminaire:

a. said soft fill luminaire having a housing providing a large opening adapted to be addressed to the field;

b. said housing having a reflector surface located behind said opening;

c. a source of indirect illumination frontally concealed within the opening, and casting light on said reflector; said luminaire having no effective direct source of illumination; and

d. a pair of reflective members, each of said members being pivotably attached on an opposite side of said large opening and being pivotable about said side to an angle for concentrating illumination at the center of the field illuminated by said soft fill luminaire, each of the reflective members compensating by reflection for the barndoor effect of the opposite reflective member whereby marginal illumination of the field is maintained.

2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which said reflective members are mounted for angular adjustment for focusing the reflected rays.

3. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which the width of each reflective member is about half the corresponding width of the luminaire opening.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US685806 *Mar 28, 1901Nov 5, 1901Henry W WeberLamp.
US1747754 *Jun 27, 1928Feb 18, 1930George W CraigSpot and flood lamp
US1765957 *Nov 30, 1928Jun 24, 1930Leonard WestphalenPhotographer's twin-arc lamp
US1805886 *Oct 31, 1930May 19, 1931Conrad K RizerHeadlight
US1913517 *Apr 24, 1929Jun 13, 1933Harry E BuffingtonLight projection
US3643079 *Jan 29, 1970Feb 15, 1972Berkey Colortran Mfg IncHigh-efficiency adjustable luminaire
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4763231 *Jun 19, 1987Aug 9, 1988Georges HouplainFitting with removable support for lighting fixtures fixed in ceiling
US9010948 *Sep 30, 2013Apr 21, 2015Global Fiberoptics, Inc.Photography lighting fixture
US20140293572 *Sep 30, 2013Oct 2, 2014Global Fiberoptics, Inc.Photography lighting fixture
DE202014009662U1Dec 5, 2014Jan 20, 2015Dedo Weigert Film GmbhTorflügel für eine Leuchte
U.S. Classification362/283
International ClassificationF21S8/00, F21S10/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21S10/00, F21W2131/406
European ClassificationF21S10/00
Legal Events
May 2, 1988AS06Security interest
Effective date: 19880217
May 2, 1988ASAssignment
Effective date: 19880217
Oct 29, 1987ASAssignment
Effective date: 19871013
Oct 29, 1987AS06Security interest
Effective date: 19871013