|Publication number||US3783437 A|
|Publication date||Jan 1, 1974|
|Filing date||Oct 7, 1971|
|Priority date||Oct 7, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3783437 A, US 3783437A, US-A-3783437, US3783437 A, US3783437A|
|Inventors||J Graff, R Rhoades|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (41), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Graft et a1.
[ 1 Jan. 1, 1974 LAMP AND SOCKET FOR DECORATIVE STRING SET  Inventors: James C. Graff; Robert M. Rhoades,
both of Cleveland Heights, Ohio General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY.
Oct. 7, 1971 211 Appl. No.: 187,348
 US. Cl 339/144 R, 339/176 L, 339/221 L  Int. Cl H01! 13/26  Field of Search 313/318; 339/144, 339/59, 176, 221
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,286,088 11/1966 Ahroni 339/176 L 3,648,044 3/1972 Barnard et a1. 2,110,035 3/1938 Chirelstein 339/221 R X 2,329,471 9/1943 King 339/221 R X 3,671,923 6/1972 Rieth 339/176 L X 3,050,705 8/1962 Benson 339/176 L X 3,130,921 4/1964 Morgan 339/176 L X 3,143,301 8/1964 Trautner et a1. 339/176 L 3,523,274 8/1970 Horan 339/176 L Primary ExaminerRichard E. Moore Attorney-Henry P. Truesdell et a1.
'  ABSTRACT An electric lamp having a stem press with opposite parallel faces, each face having a groove terminating in an end wall followed by an indentation, lead wires bent around the stem presss outer edge are guided by the respective grooves so as to be positioned over the indentations. A socket with two contacts adapted to engage the stern press of a lamp, each contact having two fingers one of which makes electrical contactwith the lamps bent around lead wires while the other fin- I get contacts the glass portion of the stem press.
4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures LAMP AND SOCKET FOR DECORATIVE STRING SET BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The invention relates to electric lamps and sockets for use in decorative lighting such as Christmas tree string sets. More particularly, the invention relates to the stern press and socket constructions.
2. Description of the Prior Art Decorative lamp and socket combinations presently in use consist of a lamp, a separate base, and a socket. In one form, an incandescent lamp with extended lead wires is secured to a base having two legs with openings through which the lamps lead wires pass. The respective extended portions of the lead wires are bent around the base legs before insertion into a socket. This construction and method of assembly is more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,233,207.
One of the difficulties of a lamp-base-socket combination is the reduced electrical reliability due to the increased number of connections, i.e., lamp-to-base, base-to-socket. Furthermore, the lamp-base-socket combination is inherently more expensive because of the added material costs of a separate base and the additional labor cost of assembling the base to the lamp.
Attempts to alleviate the above difficulties have not been fully satisfactory. A baseless lamp socket combination, as described in'U.S. Pat. No. 3,286,088, consists of a lamp with a'grooved stem press and rigid socket contacts with ribs to fit the grooves thereby making electrical contact with the bent-around lead wires in each groove. One of the disadvantages of this combination is the fixed position of the rigid contacts which do not always touch the lead wires because of variations in the dimensions of the component parts. Baseless lamps of this type are also susceptible to falling out of the socket when jarred or vibrated. Since typical dimensions of this type of decorative lamp socket combination are 0.250 inch for the lamps stem press and 0.0l inch for the groove, a variation as small as 0.005 inch can give rise tothe above problem.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION mized by having spring contacts which constantly hold the lamp in compression regardless of the dimensional variations.
In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the
envelope of an incandescent lamp is provided with a stem press having opposite substantially parallel faces each of which is provided with a guideway or groove leading to an indentation. The lamps lead wires are bent around the outer edge of the stem press and are guided by the respective grooves so as to overlie the indentations.
The socket of the invention is comprised of power leads, a husk and two contacts secured therein. Each contact has two fingers which are positioned in slots of the husk so that one finger of each contact will firmly press each lead wire in each indentation and the other two fingers will exert a compressive force against the fiat portions of the stem press. The contacts are made of spring-like material and positioned such that they form an interference fit with the stem press of the lamp irrespective of minor dimensional variations. This construction not only gives a reliable electrical and mechanical connection between the socket and the lamp but also eliminates the need for a base.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS One embodiment of the invention will now be described with references to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevation view of the lamp of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the lamps stem press; 7
FIG. 3 is an exploded elevation view of the power leads, contacts and husk; and
FIG. 4 is an elevation view and partial section of the assembled lamp and socket taken along section line 4-4 in FIGS. 1 and 3.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 of the drawings illustrates an incandescent lamp 11 having an envelope 12 with a stem press 13. Filament 14 is connected to lead wires 15 and I6 which are held in position by glass bead I7. Lamps of the type illustrated are generally used as Christmas tree lamps which are electrically connected in series in a string set. In order to maintain a closed circuit in the event of filament failure, oxidized cutout wire 18 is wrapped around the leads just above the glass bead 17. This wire will electrically connect the two lead wires below the filament if the filament fails. Lead wires 15 and 16 are hermetically sealed in stem press 13 and extend beyond the stem presss outer edge 19.
As shown in FIG. 2, stem press 13 has parallel faces 20, 21 and sides 22, 23. Face 20 contains groove 24 which is separated from indentation 25 by end wall 26. Slot 27, which is longitudinally aligned with groove 24 extends from the upper wall of indentation 25 toward envelope 12. Indentation 25 extends from one side to approximately the center of the stem press.
Parallel face 21 is constructed similar to face 20. Groove 28, indentation 29, and slot 30 of face 21, shown by dotted lines, correspond to groove 24, indentation 25 and slot 26 respectively of face 20. The extended portion of lead wire 15 is bent around outer edge 19 and positioned or guided by groove 24 so that part of the extended lead wire passes over end wall 26 down into indentation 25. The end of lead wire 15 is positioned in slot 27 which is aligned with groove 24. The positioning of the end of the lead wire in slot 27 gives an improved lead alignment. Although slot 27 is not essential to all embodiments of the invention, it is recommended for optimum results inasmuch as it serves to locate the end of the lead wire in fixed position. Lead wire 16 is bent around outer edge 19 in the opposite direction so as to overlie indentation 29 of opposite parallel face 21. After the bending and positioning of the lead wires, the lamp is ready for insertion into socket 31, the component parts of which are shown in an exploded view in FIG. 3.
Socket 31 is comprised of two contacts 32, 33, power leads 34, 35 and husk 36. Contacts 32 and 33 each have two fingers 37, 37', 38, 38 for engaging the lamps lead wires and stem press.
Electrical contact between power leads 34, 35 and contacts 32, 33 is made by crimping the respective insulation-bared ends 39, 40 of the power leads into sleeves 41, 42 formed on contacts 32 and 33, respectively. Projections 43, 44 are then clamped around the insulated portion of the power leads to give additional strength to the connection. This type of connection eliminates the need for soldering the power leads to the contacts.
After the husk is slipped over the power leads, and the power leads are attached to the contacts, as described, the contacts are pulled down into a central cavity in the husk so that notched sides of the contacts 32, 33 are inserted into slots 45, 46 of the socket 31. Slots 45, 46 are tapered from top to bottom such that the depth of the slots into the husk wall is greater at the top of husk 36 than at the bottom. The distance at the top is selected such that it is slightly greater than the distance between the tips 47 of notched sides. As the contacts are inserted into the husk, the distance between these extremities change and the fit between the contacts and the husk becomes an interference fit. The tapering of the slots serves two purposes. First, the clearance fit at the top facilitates assembly of the contact and husk, while the interference fit at the bottom prevents contact removal.
As the contacts are pushed to the bottom of the slots, the power leads are drawn through bores 48 shown in FIG. 4. The lamp of FIG. 1 can then be inserted in the socket.
Contacts 32, 33 are spaced within the husk 36 so that there is an interference fit between stern press 13 and both contacts. This interference fit along with the resiliency of the spring-like material of the contacts generates a constant compressive force on the lamps stem press to hold the lamp and maintain a reliable connection.
Indentation 29 and the lead wire diameter are sized such that the top of the lead wire is approximately flush with the surface of the stem press. After lamp 11 has been inserted in socket 31, finger 37 of contact 32 presses bent'around lead wire 16 against the glass surface of the indentation 29, as shown in FIG. 4. Simultaneously, finger 38' of contact 33 exerts a force opposite that of the force exerted by finger 37. Adjacent fingers 37 and 38, not shown in FIG. 4, exert a similar force on the other side of stem press 13. Once the lamp 11 is positioned between the contacts, it cannot be removed by jarring or vibrating because lead wires extending over end walls 26 of indentations 29 and 25 act as stops.
By constructing each contact 32 and 33 with separate fingers, one of which grips a lamp lead wire and the other the face of the lamp stem press, a considerable latitude is developed by relative movement between the fingers to compensate for manufacturing tolerances and small variations in the dimensions of the stem press and lead wires. This insures good electrical contact with the lamp, and firm seating of the lamp in the husk, inspite of the above-mentioned variations and tolerances which sometimes'appear in manufacture of the ultra-miniature lamp of this invention. Because the lamp lead wires are positioned in grooves in the stern press they are always in position for gripping by a socket finger and cannot become bent or displaced such as to prevent a good electrical connection between the lamp and the socket.
What we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. An electric lamp and socket combination comprising a sealed vitreous envelope, with lead-in conductors hermetically sealed in and extending from the stem press of said envelope, said stem press having opposite substantially parallel faces and sides, one of said faces containing an indentation extending from one side to approximately the center of said stem press, a groove extending from the outer edge of said stem press inwardly toward said envelope and terminating in an end wall before reaching said indentation, said opposite face of said stem press being similarly constructed such that said indentations are on opposite sides of said stem press, the extended portion of one of said lead-in conductors being bent around the outer edge of said stem press and positioned in said groove, said lead-in conductor rising out of said groove over said end wall and overlying said indentation, said other lead-in conductor being bent and positioned in the groove and over the indentation of the opposite face, said socket comprising a husk with a cavity for receiving said lamp, two bores extending through the wall of said husk into said cavity, two power leads extending into said bores, said power leads being respectively connected to a pair of contacts located in said cavity, said lamp being inserted in said socket with said stem press being positioned between said pair of contacts, each of said contacts having two bent fingers one of which presses a respective one of said lead-in wires against the surface of said indentation, said contacts being positioned in said husk so that an interference fit is formed between said contact fingers and said stem press, the respective other fingers touching respective areas of said stern press on the face opposite said lead-in wires and indentation to hold said lamp and make electrical contact.
2. The electric lamp and socket combination described in claim 1 wherein each face of said stem press has a slot, longitudinally aligned with said groove, which extends from the upper edge of said indentation toward said envelope, wherein the end of said lead-in wire is positioned in said slot to give an accurate alignment.
3. An electric lamp comprising a sealed vitreous envelope, with lead-in conductors hermetically sealed in and extending from a stem press of said envelope, said stem press having opposite substantially parallel faces and sides, each of said faces containing an indentation extending from one side to approximately the center of said stem press, a groove extending from the outer edge of said stem press inwardly toward said envelope and terminating in an end wall before reaching said indentation, said opposite face of said stem press being simi larly constructed such that said indentations are on op posite sides of said stem press, the extended portion of one of said lead-in conductors being bent around the outer edge of said stem press and positioned in said groove, said lead-in conductor rising out of said groove over said end wall and overlying said indentation, said other lead-in conductor being bent and positioned in the groove and over the indentation of the opposite face.
4. The electric lamp described in claim 2 wherein each face of said stem press has a slot, longitudinally aligned with said groove, which extends from the upper edge of said indentation toward said envelope.
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|International Classification||H01R33/09, H01K1/46, F21V19/00, F21S4/00, H01K1/44|
|Cooperative Classification||F21S4/001, H01R33/09, H01K1/44, H01K1/46|
|European Classification||F21S4/00E, H01K1/46, H01R33/09, H01K1/44|