|Publication number||US3784729 A|
|Publication date||Jan 8, 1974|
|Filing date||Aug 23, 1971|
|Priority date||Aug 23, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3784729 A, US 3784729A, US-A-3784729, US3784729 A, US3784729A|
|Inventors||Davis J, Harmon R, Odom J|
|Original Assignee||Chance Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (13), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Davis et al. Jan. il fli l [5 ELECTRICAL CABLE CONNECTOR 3,080,447 3/1963 Lush et al. 174 73 R 3,376,541 41968 L' k 33 61 R  inventors: John P. Davis, l-lallsville; Robert W. l m 9/ Harmon, Centralia; James T. Odom, Gla gow, all f M Primary ExaminerMarvin A. Champion Assistant ExaminerRobert A. l-lafer  Asslgnee: Chance Company Cemmha Attorney-Schmidt, Johnson, Hovey & Williams  Filed: Aug. 23, 1971 v  Appl. No.: 173,837  ABSTRAQT Related Application Data An electrical connector unit has a unitary insulating Cami ation in n f S N 640 M h 18 housing provided with an epoxy resin wheathershed 1970 'g 0 are portion integrally united with an elastomeric cablereceiving portion. One embodiment utilizes a polyole-  U S C] 174/73 R 339/61 R 339/268 R fin type solvent dispersed polymer bonding agent to 339/278 339/217 join the two housing portions, while a second embodi-  1m 0 3/00 ment utilizes an epoxy resin band integrally joined w M R with the elastomeric portion during molding of the lat- 339/6O c R 61 C M ter, and an adhesive to bond the weathershed portion 102 R R S R213 213 to the outer surface of the band. Each embodiment 143 R C S C Cf174/73 utilizes a retaining ring embedded within the housing R P 80 to firmly retain components of the connecting structure Within the housing once connection has been ef-  References Cited fected, thereby precluding axial movement of the UNITED STATES PATENTS cable relative to the housing.
3,622,688 11/1971 Link et al 339/61 R 6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures ELECTRLCAL CABLE CONNECTUR CROSS REFERENCES This is a continuation-in-part of our copending applh cation Ser. No. 20,640, filed Mar. 18, 1970, and entitled Electrical Cable Connector, now abandoned.
This invention relates generally to electrical transmission equipment and, more particularly, to an outdoor connector or terminator unit having special utility for joining the conductor of an underground cable with an exposed, overhead, pole-top conductor.
In ever increasing numbers, residential, as well as commercial buildings, are being supplied with electrical power by means of underground distribution cables as opposed to overhead cables. Such underground cables are then joined, in many instances, to polesupported power lines, requiring a suitable terminator unit for effecting the connection between the conductor of the underground cable and the conductor from the pole-top line. Such a terminator must be insulated both electrically and against adverse Weather conditions and, ideally, this may be accomplished by providing both a substantially rigid, skirted weathershed of cast epoxy or porcelain in conjunction with a molded, elastorneric receptacle at the entry of the underground conductor to the terminator. The weathershed provides highly reliable insulating and track-resistance properties, while the elastomeric receptacle about the terminus of the underground conductor is responsive to thermally caused expansion and contraction of the conductOI.
In the past, a terminator having an insulating housing containing an epoxy weathershed and an elastomeric receptacle has been extremely difficult to produce satisfactorily, without the use of external constraints functioning to couple the receptacle and the weathershed together for the formation ofa weathertight, insulating housing. Moreover, in many respects, such assemblies often simply do not provide the weathertight, reliable protection that is needed in terminators of this type.
Additionally, terminators in the past have not been totally effective in retaining the distribution cable within the terminator housing after connection of the underground cable conductor to the exposed, external conductor. This is particularly true where the terminator itself is carried by a crossarrn or the like on a supporting pole and the distribution cable is suspended from its connection internally of the terminator such that the weight of the cable and the effects of wind and moisture tend to loosen the otherwise tight fit between the receptacle and the cable.
Accordingly, an important objects of the present invention is to provide an electrical connector unit having an outer, unitary insulating housing consisting of a substantially rigid, synthetic resin weathershed portion havin excellent track resistance properties which is integrally united with an elasto'rneric receptacle portion which is highly responsive to thermal expansion and contraction of the cable conductor.
Another important object of th present invention is to provide a connector unit as aforesaid having components which afford quick and easy connection of the cable conductor to the terminus of the exposed conductor, yet which preclude relative axial movement between the cable and the connector housing once the electrical connection has been effected.
In the drawings:
FIG. it is a plan view of an outdoor connector unit or terminator constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view of the terminator of FIG. ll;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the terminator taken along line 3l3 of H6. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a second terminator embodying alternative principles of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the second embodiment of the invention taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4; and
H6. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 6-6 of FIG.
The terminator 10 of FIGS, l-3 has a unitary, tubular, insulating housing 12 consisting of a substantially rigid, skirted weathershed portion M at the left end thereof, and a resilient receptacle portion to at the opposite end thereof. The weathershed portion 14 is preferably constructed of a thermosetting, synthetic resin ous material such as an epoxy resin, while the receptacle portion :16 is preferably constructed of a synthetic elastomeric material such as an ethylene propylene diene (modified) polymer, sold by E. l. du Pont de Nemours 8!. Company, of Wilmington, Delaware, under the trademark NORDEL. A conductive coating l8 of the Nordel product impregnated with carbon particles, surrounds the receptacle portion.
The unitary housing 12 is produced by initially molding the receptacle portion lb about a tubular, conductive insert 20 of the Nordel rubber and forming a central passage therethrough for the connector structure which will hereinafter be described in more detail. At this point, in the past it has been necessary to utilize external constrains in the nature of threaded fasteners or the like to combine the receptacle 316 with the weathershed portion M in order to complete housing l2. This is true primarily because of the nature of the Nordel rubber which resisted direct adhesion to epoxy resin articles and the fact that there was no practical way to mold the receptacle portion lb to the weathershed portion M. However, it is now possible to integrally unite the two portions by means of a polyolefin type, solvent dispersed polymer bonding agent, preferably a polyethylene and/or polypropylene polymer combined with a carbon material such as carbon black dispersed in a solvent such as heptane, hexane, or a similar aliphatic solvent. Such a product is commercially available from the Whittaker Corporation, Dayton Chemical Products Division, West Alexandria, Ohio, under the trademark THIXON AP 1442. Therefore, in completing the production of the housing 12, once the molded receptacle portion lb has been prepared, the insert end llba thereof is covered with the Thixon bonding agent and enclosed within a second mold for the weathershed portion M, whereupon the epoxy resin is added to the mold and allowed to cure, causing integral joining of the two portions and formation of a passage in the weathershed portion id in alignment with the corresponding passage through insert 20 and receptacle portion lo. After the weathershed portion M has been formed, the unitary housing l2 is stored as a single item in readiness for use in the field.
The terminator 30 further includes connecting structure broadly denoted by the numeral 22, within housing l2 which joins the conductor 24 of an insulated cable 25 with an external conductor (not shown) such as on a line pole or the like and which firmly retains the cable 26 within the housing 12. In addition to the inner conductor 24, cable 25 has a nonconductive sheating 26 surrounding conductor 24 and an outer conductive covering 27 which is removed to such an extent that sheathing 26 is within portion 16, creating an aubtting shoulder effect between the respective ends of portion 16 and outer covering 27. Such structure 22 includes a link in the nature of a conductive ferrule 28 disposed within insert 20 and crimped at one end thereof about the conductor 24, the ferrule 28 being adapted the threadably receive the complementally threaded end 30 of a conductive rod 32 disposed within a rigid, cylindrical conductive core 34. The rod 32 is provided with wrench flats 36 for effecting the threaded engagement of rod 32 with ferrule 28. and a rigid, annular ring 38 embedded within the insert 20 projects into the passage therewithin for engagement with rod 32, core 34 and ferrule 28 to preclude axial movement of the same relative to housing 12 once the connection has been effected between rod 32 and ferrule 28.
Ring 38 has an inner diameter greater than the diameter of rod 32 but less than the diameter of ferrule 28, while it has an outer diameter greater than that of core 34. Thus, the rod 32 extends through ring 38, while the core 34 abuts one side of the latter with the end of ferrule 28 abutting the opposite side thereof. A cap 40 of the terminal connector 42 at the left end of housing 12, threadably receives a second end 44 of rod 32 and bears against the core 34 such that the latter may be forced tightly against the embedded ring 38 by the interaction of end 44 and cap 40. With the connecting structure 22 in the relationship as above described, the ring 38 thereby functions as a stop component such that when cable 25 attempts to move axially in a leftward direction relative to housing 12, the end of ferrule 28 bears against ring 38. while movement of cable 25 in the opposite direction is prevented by the engagement of core 34 against the opposite face of ring 38.
Strands of conducting wire 46 surround the cable 25 at the right end thereof to form a concentric neutral for cable 25 leading to ground, while windings 48 of a semi-conductive tape surround the zone ofjunction between cable 25 and receptacle portion 16. A clamping ring 50 about housing 12 is provided to mount the terminator 10 on a crossarm or other supporting structure on a line pole or the like.
The terminator 10 may be easily assembled in the field by initially crimping the ferrule 28 onto the cable conductor 24, threading the rod 32 into ferrule 28, and then forcing the assembly through the right end of receptacle portion 16 which has the passage thereof coated with a suitable sealing grease. The rod 32 will pass through the opening of ring 38 until the ferrule 28 strikes the latter, whereupon the addition of the core 34, cap 40, and the tape windings 48 complete the assembly of the terminator 10. Once the terminator 10 is assembled and is in operation, the conductive insert 20 electrically shields any entrapped air to eliminate corona within the receptacle portion 16 as the conductive core 34 serves a similar purpose within the weathershed portion 14.
In the embodiment of FIGS. 4-6, the terminator 110 is substantially identical to that of FIGS. 1-3 except for the manner in which the unitary housing 112., having weathershed and receptacle portions 114 and 116 respectively, is obtained. Thus, the details of construction relating to the connecting and retaining structure 122 for cable 125 will not hereinafter be described.
weathershed portion 114 is again preferably constructed of epoxy resin, while the receptacle portion 116 is constructed of Nordel rubber. Accordingly, the
same basic problem is presented of properly uniting the two portions in an integral manner to produce the desired unitary housing 112. In this instance, the problem is solved not through the use of the Thixon bonding agent, but rather through the provision of an epoxy resin band 152 which is integrally joined with the receptacle portion 116 during formation of the latter by molding. While the band 152 could not be suitably bonded to the finished receptacle 116 without the use of a special bonding agent such as Thixon, nonetheless, during the molding process of receptacle portion 116, the band 152 is readily accepted into the body of the latter.
The band 152 is disposed within receptacle portion 116 in such a manner as to expose the outer surface of band 152 such that the weathershed portion 114 may then be bonded directly to band 152 by means of additional epoxy resin. Thus, once the resin has cured, the weathershed portion 114 and receptacle portion 116 are integrally united to present the unitary housing 112. In this manner, the favorable attributes of each portion, including excellent resistance to tracking by the epoxy resin weathershed portion 114 and excellent resistance to corona, ozone, weather, ground chemicals, water and heat inherent in the receptacle portion 116, are obtained within a sinle unitary housing 112.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
I. An electrical connector assembly for joining the conductor of an insulated cable with the terminus of an external conductor, said assembly comprising:
conductive coupling structure adapted for interengagement with said terminus and the cable conductor; and
an electrical insulating housing disposed in covering relationship with said structure for protecting the latter from environmental conditions, said housing including,
a substantially rigid, tubular weathershed portion at one end thereof normally adjacent said terminus and constructed of electrical insulating, thermosetting, synthetic resinous material,
a flexible, tubular expansion portion at the opposide end thereof constructed of electrical insulating elastomeric material, at least partially disposed within said weathershed portion, and adapted to receive said cable; and
a substantiallyrigid element constructed of said resinous material molded into said elastomeric portion and having an exposed outer surface, and an adhesive bonding the outer surface of said element to th rigid portion, thereby integrally uniting said rigid and elastomeric portions to produce a unitary housing wherein the rigid portion thereof exhibits insulating and track resistance properties while the elastomeric portion is sufficiently elastic to provide environmental integrity with the cable under varying temperature and weather conditions.
2. The assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said element is tubular in configuration and completely surrounds said elastomeric portion.
3. The assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said resinous material consists of an epoxy resin.
4. The assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said elastomeric material consists of an ethylene propylene diene (modified) polymer.
5. The assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said structure includes a conductive component connected to said terminus, extending through the rigid portion,
' and into said elastomeric portion; a conductive link sesulating material and having a passage therein adapted to receive said element and the proximal portion of the cable in surrounding protecting rela tionship;
a rigid, annular stop component projecting from said housing into the passage in a location abutting the conductive element;
a rigid, tubular conductive core housing said conductor rod and abutting said stop component on the opposite side of said component from the conductive element; and
an elongated conductor rod provided with a complementally threaded end portion and extending through said stop component, said end portion being received within said threaded opening whereby engagement of said element and said conductive core housing with the stop component precludes axial movement of the cable within the housing.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3080447 *||Feb 8, 1961||Mar 5, 1963||G & W Electric Speciality Co||Inorganic shielded cable termination system|
|US3376541 *||Mar 11, 1966||Apr 2, 1968||Rfe Corp||Safe break terminator|
|US3622688 *||Dec 2, 1969||Nov 23, 1971||Rte Corp||Cable lead bushing|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3883208 *||Oct 25, 1973||May 13, 1975||Rte Corp||Visible break tee-connector|
|US3927841 *||May 9, 1974||Dec 23, 1975||Flight Connector Corp||Contact|
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|US4810899 *||Dec 9, 1986||Mar 7, 1989||Orega Electronique Et Mecanique||High-voltage connection device, especially for a high-voltage transformer, without lead-out cables and with detachable potentiometer set|
|US5316492 *||May 2, 1990||May 31, 1994||Nkf Kabel B.V.||Plug-in connection for high-voltage plastic cable|
|US6333462||Apr 9, 1998||Dec 25, 2001||Pirelli Cavi E Sistemi S.P.A.||Dry termination for an electric cable|
|US6818828||Oct 24, 2001||Nov 16, 2004||Pirelli Cavi E Sistemi S.P.A.||Dry termination for an electric cable|
|US8152563||Dec 28, 2010||Apr 10, 2012||Lex Products Corporation||Electrical connector having a spin ring, a pre-mold and an over-mold|
|US8298012||Mar 14, 2012||Oct 30, 2012||Lex Products Corporation||Electrical connector having a spin ring and a pre-mold with a wiggle ring groove|
|US8328578||Dec 11, 2012||Lex Products Corp||Electrical connector and a method for manufacturing same|
|US9190763||Oct 16, 2012||Nov 17, 2015||Lex Products Corporation||Electrical connector having a pre-molded and an over-molded material|
|US9300076||Mar 14, 2012||Mar 29, 2016||Lex Products Corp.||Electrical connector assembly having a spin ring and a pre-mold covering an electrical connector|
|WO1998045917A1 *||Apr 9, 1998||Oct 15, 1998||Pirelli Cavi E Sistemi S.P.A.||Dry termination for an electric cable|
|U.S. Classification||174/73.1, 439/592|
|International Classification||H02G15/064, H02G15/02|