|Publication number||US3786499 A|
|Publication date||Jan 15, 1974|
|Filing date||Nov 16, 1972|
|Priority date||Nov 16, 1972|
|Also published as||CA990382A, CA990382A1, DE2350760A1|
|Publication number||US 3786499 A, US 3786499A, US-A-3786499, US3786499 A, US3786499A|
|Inventors||E Funk, A Jankowski, J Moll|
|Original Assignee||Fairchild Camera Instr Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (25), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent. [191 J ankowski et al.
ALPHA-NUMERIC DISPLAY PACKAGE Inventors: Alfred S. Jankowski, San Jose; John L. Moll, Stanford; Ernest J. Funk, Cupertino, all of Calif.
Assignee: Fail-child Camera and Instrument Corporation, Mountain View, Calif.
1/1969 McNaney 340/380 X [451 Jan. 15, 1974 3,570,157 3/1971 Ohlsson 340/378 R 3,573,814 4/1971 Lang 340/378 R 3,631,478 12/1971 McNaney... 340/380 3,744,048 7/1973 Treichel 340/380 X Primary Examiner-David L. Trafton Attorney-Roger S. Borovoy and Alan H. MacPherson 57 ABSTRACT A package for displaying alpha-numeric characters using a plurality of discrete, light-emitting diodes, each diode providing a point source of light corresponding to one of the segments of the characters when electrically activated, including a substrate having the light-emitting diodes mounted upon it; a block of material adjacent the substrate containing a plurality of light pipes in the shape of the segments; and a composite flys eye lens on top of the light pipes for displaying the selected character by the selective activation of the light-emitting diodes.
8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures ALPHA-NUMERIC DISPLAY PACKAGE FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention is in the field of packages for solid state displays. More specifically, the packages of this invention are the form of hybrid circuits having a plurality of light-emitting diodes mounted on a base, along with a self-contained packaging system to display the emitted light in the form'of an alpha-numeric character.
PRIOR ART Packages used for displaying alpha-numeric characters from a plurality of light-emitting diodes mounted on a substrate are known in the art. These packages generally employ a plurality of translucent, plastic plugs in the shape desired for each segment of the alpha-numeric character. The light from an activated diode is passed through the plastic segment, lighting up the translucent material of the plastic and creating the luminescent display of that digit segment. Because of the translucent character of the plastic, no lensing system is required. The combination of all the lighted segments makes up the desired character. The primary difficulty with these prior art packages is the inefficiency of the transmission of the tiny amount of light from each light-emitting diode through the translucent plastic. Accordingly, a more efficient system had to be developed. I
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION This invention is a package for selectively displaying one of a plurality of alpha-numeric characters using a plurality of discrete, light-emitting diodes, each diode providing a point source o'f light corresponding to a segment of the characters when electrically activated. The invention includes a substrate having arranged laterally thereupon a plurality of light-emitting diodes in the general shape of the necessary segments of all the alpha-numeric characters to be displayed; a single block of material adjacent to the substrate having two opposed parallel faces, the first face lying adjacent to the substrate; a plurality of light pipes in the shape of the character segmentsextending completely through the block from the first face-to the opposite one, a different one of the light pipes being aligned with a corresponding one of the diodes, the walls of each light pipe being reflective, whereby the light emitted from each electrically activated diode is passed through its corresponding light pipe; and a composite lens covering the second opposite face of the block, the lens comprising a plurality of flys eye lenses in close proximity with each other, the composite lens at least covering the ends of all the light pipes where they extend to the second opposite face, whereby the light from each electrically activated light-emitting diode is passed through its corresponding light pipe and then through the composite lens, thereby optically displaying on the lens all the segments of the alpha-numeric characters selected by the electrical activation of one or a plurality of the light-emitting diodes.
While light pipes have been used in the past for light transmission of bright incandescent lamps, a system has not been found for using light pipes with sufficient light transmission efficiency for the tiny amount of emitted light from a light-emitting diode. In this invention, it was unexpectedly found that the combination of a light pipe having reflective walls and which is covered at the display end of the pipe with a flys eye lens provides a very efficient means of displaying light from these tiny, light-emitting diodes. This unique combination of the invention provides a vast improvement over the prior art light-emitting diode packages using translucent plastic. Moreover, it is inexpensive and simple to mass produce.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top view of the substrate of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the block which contains the light pipes of the invention;
FIG. 3 is an end, interior view (with the end of the package removed) of the package of the invention; and
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view through the lines 44 of FIG. 2.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to the drawings, and in particular to FIG. 1, each of the light-emitting diodes ll, l2, l3, l4, l5, l6 and 17 are mounted with their light-emitting side up on a conductive metal plate 18. These diodes are arranged laterally upon the substrate in the general shape of the necessary segments of all the alpha-numeric characters to be displayed. In the selected embodiment of the invention, diodes ll, l2, 14, 15, 16 and 17 are arranged to correspond with the segments of a figure eight (as shown in FIG. 2). As is well known in the art, a seven-segment figure eight, by the selective activation of two or more diodes, is sufficient to display all of the digits zero through nine. Diode I3 is used to display the decimal point. This segment arrangement is, conventional in the art, and needs no further explanation here.
The first electrical connection to each diode is a common connection which results from the soldering of each diode to the common metal plate 18 on substrate 10, as shown in FIG. I. The other electrical connection is a separate connection for each diode (for selective electrical activation) in the form of a wire 19 from the top surface of each diode to a conductive post 20. Posts 20 extend, as shown in FIG. 3, out from the bottom of the package for plug-in electrical connection to a conventional printed circuit board. Preferably, the surface of the metal plate 18 is covered, surrounding the diodes, with an opaque, insulating layer, such as black paper, to prevent shorting of wires 19 against the metal. The opaqueness prevents unwanted light reflections.
The single block of material containing the light pipes of this invention is shown in FIGS. 2 and 4. Block 21, preferably made of plastic, has a first lower face 22 which is located adjacent to the top surface of substrate light pipes 24 in the shape of the desired character segments. Referring to FIGS. 2 and 4, these segments extend completely through block 21 from the first face 22 to the opposite face 23. A different one of the light pipes 24 is aligned with each of the light-emitting diodes 11-17 shown in FIG. 1. The interior walls of each light pipe 24 are reflective. This reflectivity is preferably achieved by coating the interior walls of each light pipe with a reflective material, preferably a reflective metal such as gold. Although gold is expensive, it is one of the most highly reflective metals available. With the construction of block 21 shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the light emitted from each electrically activated diode is efficiently passed through its corresponding light pipe 24 and displayed as a lighted segment on surface 23 of block 21. For optimum efficiency, it has been found advantageous to coat the surface 23 with a non-reflective coating surrounding the exposed segments 24.
However, without the lens cap 25 shown in FIG. 3, the amount of light displayed at the surface 23 of block 21 does not appear as individual segments, but as a hot spot in the center of each light pipe. Accordingly, a composite lens cap 25 is employed covering the second face 23 of block 21. This lens cap comprises a plurality of flys eye lenses 26 in close proximity with each other. The effect of the lens cap is to spread out the displayed light so that the segments are entirely illuminated. The composite lens 25 at least covers the ends of light pipes 24 where they extend to the second face 23 as shown in FIG. 2. In other words, lens cap 25 must contain a sufficient area of flys eye lenses 24 to at least cover the entire figure eight and the decimal point 27 shown in FIG. 2. In the embodiment of the invention shown, the flys eye lenses 26 are directly molded into cap 25 which is made of translucent plastic. The plastic material can be white, red, clear, frosted, or any color desired in the application of the display. Lens cap 25 fits tightly over the sides of substrate as shown in FIG. 3, to form a complete enclosure.
The light from each electrically activated lightemitting diode 11-17 shown in FIG. I, is passed through its corresponding light pipe 24, shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, and then through the composite lens 25, shown in FIG. 3, thereby optically displaying on the lens cap 25 all the segments of the alpha-numeric character selected by the electrical activation of one or a plurality of light-emitting diodes. For example, if all of the lightemitting diodes ll-l7 are electrically activated, all of the segments 24 shown in FIG. 2 and the decimal point 27 will be lighted, displaying the figure eight followed by a decimal point. If all the diodes except diodes 11 and 12, corresponding to the two lower left ones of segments 24 in FIG. 2 (one vertical and one horizontal) are lighted, the character displayed will be a figure nine followed by a decimal point. Obviously, if diode 13 (FIG. I) is not activated, the decimal point 27 (FIG. 2) will not be displayed.
Obviously the invention is applicable to the display of characters denoting letters of the alphabet, numbers, Chinese or Japanese characters, or any other lateral configuration, of segments 24 (and corresponding lateral arrangement of the light-emitting diodes on the substrate 10), using the proper selective activation of the diodes to activate the designated character for display. These techniques are well known in the art.
I. A package for selectively displaying one of a plurality of alpha-numeric characters using a plurality of discrete, light-emitting diodes, each diode providing a 5 point source of light corresponding to a segment of said characters when electrically activated, comprising:
a substrate having arranged laterally thereupon a plurality of light-emitting diodes in the general shape of the necessary segments of all the alpha-numeric 0 characters to be displayed;
a single block of material adjacent said substrate having two opposed parallel faces, the first face lying adjacent to said substrate;
a plurality of light pipes in the shape of said character segments extending completely through said block from said first face to the opposite one, a different one of said pipes being aligned with a corresponding one of said diodes, the walls of each light pipe being reflective, whereby the light emitted from each electrically activated diode is passed through its corresponding light pipe; and composite lens covering the second opposite face of said block, said lens comprising a plurality of flys eye lenses in close proximity with each other, said composite lens at least covering the ends of all of said light pipes where they extend to said second opposite face, whereby the light from each electrically activated light-emitting diode is passed through its corresponding light pipe and then through said composite lens, thereby optically displaying on said lens all the segments of the alphanumeric character selected by the electrical activation of one or a plurality of said light-emitting diodes.
2. The package of claim I further characterized by said block being plastic.
3. The package of claim 2 further characterized by the walls of said light pipes being covered with a reflective metal.
4. The package of claim 1 further characterized by the surface of said substrate adjacent said block having a non-reflective, insulating layer surrounding said light emitting diodes.
5. The package of claim 3 further characterized by said non-reflective coating being an insulating material.
6. The package of claim 1 further characterized by the segments of said characters being arranged in the shape of a composite digit.
. reflective coating. 5 5
7. The package of claim 6 further characterized by i
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|U.S. Classification||340/815.42, 340/815.54, 313/500, 340/815.45, 313/512, 345/46|
|International Classification||G09F9/33, H05B33/02, H05B33/12, H01L33/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01L33/00, H05B33/02, H05B33/12|
|European Classification||H01L33/00, H05B33/12, H05B33/02|