Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3786510 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 15, 1974
Filing dateJul 26, 1972
Priority dateJul 26, 1972
Publication numberUS 3786510 A, US 3786510A, US-A-3786510, US3786510 A, US3786510A
InventorsF Hodges
Original AssigneeF Hodges
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Medical testing and data recording apparatus
US 3786510 A
A container includes means for testing a manifestation of health, as a urine specimen of a diabetic, and means for cumulatively recording data indicative of the results of the test.
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Jan. 15, 1974 United States Patent [1 1 Hodges @HH wm UOZ 82 "/11 u 6/ O6 24 3 at" T 1 r mlu amS my m mh u. a h a e c BCAMS 36227 34566 99999 mummm 98944 2983 ,93 40289 0 259 2233 Greenville, SC. 29607 July 26, 1972 Appl. No.: 275,140

[22 Filed:

Primary Examiner.loseph W. Hartary Att0rneyWilliam M. Hobby et al.

T C A R T S B A H 5 l. 50 n m ww m m 6 R3A 2 l 8/ 6 B4 3 m 3 3 6 4 3 l. l m C S. 1 U m n U 5 5 Field of"sit;;;i;1111'.11111'.111'."5467531115, 143, 145,

346/17; 128/2 R, 2 W, 2 F; 206/632 R, 12; A container includes means for testing a manifestation of health, as a urine specimen of a diabetic, and means for cumulatively recording data indicative of the results of the test.

1,322,515 346/33 ME X 4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDJARIEIW 6.766510 SHEEI30F3 J) I Q DEC.31 1 TEST OR KE- DEC.31 AM 0-40 msu. 711510 AL TONE PM 0-40 msu. -1234567 90 NNNN1/4 NN 1234567690 -1234567890: TT TT1/4 65 1234567 90 0 1234567690 1 1 1 1 1/2 MM 1234567690 1 0000000000 00000000 000000000 .AM. 0-40 msu. PM 0-40 W50. 62 1234567890"2X2X2X2X1/2 LL' 1234567690 64 1234567690 3x 3x3x3x1 4234567890- 1234567890 4x4 4x4 1 1234567690 MEDICAL TESTING AND DATA RECORDING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to apparatus useful in medical testing and recording data of such tests.

2. Description of the Prior Art Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by an insufficient supply of insulin in the body. This lack of insulin, supplied by the pancreas, reduces the ability of the body to store or burn glucose, a form of sugar utilized by the body for the production of energy. As a result, the body is starved for energy, while theglucose that could supply energy accumulates in the blood, is .collected in the kidneys, and thereafter passes into the urine. Diabetes is thus marked by excessive sugar in the urine of the diabetic.

In order to offset this disorder, diabetics daily, and.

sometimes more frequently, take injections of insulin, or alternatively, take oral compounds which act to stimulate the pancreas. The insulin is injected subcutaneously with a hypodermic syringe and is usually administered by the diabetic. With insufficient insulin, harmful by-products (ketone bodies) are produced which act as poisons to the system. Further, the amount of insulin may vary from time to time, depending upon the activity and diet of the diabetic as well as other factors.

Thus, the sugar level in the urine of a diabetic should be tested several times daily to insure that the proper insulin dosage is being administered. Again, this testing is usually performed by the diabetic. Generally, the test simply comprises collecting a urine specimen and applying a reagent to the specimen. The result is then compared with a color-encoded chart, to provide a gross gauge of the percent of sugar in the urine. Activity, food intake and ensuing insulin requirements can then be adjusted accordingly.

The diabetic must keep a written record of these tests, in order to adjust his own insulin intake and provide his physician with information needed for office visits. However, many diabetics fail to maintain proper records, and rely on, memory for determining the proper insulin dosage. This approach prevents the accumulation of the statistical data necessary for proper control. Moreover, the problem is compounded when the information is not available to the diabetics physician for recommendations during scheduled physicals.

Further, while studies of the variations in insulin requirements for diabetics have been conducted under controlled conditions, there is a need for providing means for collecting the data from daily urine sugar tests for a large number of diabetics over a long period of time. Such a large collection of data could provide useful information regarding the required insulin dosages, and the results of insulin in terms of urine sugar and ketone poisons. Further, this information, collected on a national scale could provide a basis for further research into improved medicines and methods for treating diabetics. Most importantly, since this testing is mandatory for proper diabetic control, if the data was collected for each individual diabetic, the diabetic himself would have a ready reference for determining the insulin requirements, depending upon the expected diet and subsequent activity.

Several portable systems have been developed for recording data. See, for example, U. S. Pat. Nos. 3,618,836 to BUSHNELL, et al.; 3,435,192 to HART NEY; and see, US. Pat. No. 2,132,412 to GOLL- WITZER; 2,716,484 to WEPPLER; and 2,077,242 to LA PIERRE.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention comprises medical testing and data recording apparatus and includes a container having means carried thereby for testing a manifestation of health. The container further carries means for cumulatively recording data indicative of successive ones of such tests.

THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective view, a portion of which is cutaway, of apparatus embodying the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the apparatus of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is another perspective view of the apparatus of FIG. 1; and

FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are cut-away portions of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Apparatus embodying the present invention is shown and described with reference to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3. In this embodiment the apparatus comprises means for testing a urine specimen of a diabetic and means for cumulatively recording data from such tests.

The apparatus, referred to generally as 10, comprises a container 12. In the embodiment of the drawing the container 12 comprises a body having six faces including one face 14 having a large area opening 16 therein. The size, shape and dimensions of the container 12 are not critical.

With a specific reference to FIG. 1, the container 12 defines a cavity 18 therein. The cavity is divided into an upper chamber 20 and a lower chamber 22 by a partition 24 therebetween. The term upper and lower as used with respect to chambers 20, 22 is intended to refer to FIG. 1 for descriptive purposes only, it being understood that the container 12 may have any orientation.

Another face of the container 12 opposite the one face 14 comprises a lid 26 hinged about one edge. Noting FIG. 3 the inner surface of the lid 26 has disposed thereon a color-encoded chart, the purpose of which will be hereinafter described in greater detail. The lid 26 also includes a diabetic identification card 27. The lower chamber 22 is adapted to receive some of the paraphernalia normally used by diabetics in the 'daily testing of urine and in the administration of insulin. This includes a test tube 28, dropper 30, a package 32 for carrying reagent tablets 34 therein, and a hypodermic syringe 36. A vial of insulin (not shown) may also be included. This paraphernalia is stored in the lower chamber 22 when not in use, as shown in cross section in FIG. 2. Noting FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the container 12 includes an inner wall 37 which is adapted to receive the test tube 28.

Referring again to FIG. 1, a portion of another face of the container which is normal to the one face 14 comprises a removable cover 38. When removed the cover 38 provides access to the upper chamber 20. The cover 38 includes two apertures 40, 42 extending through the cover, the apertures each being adapted to receive a respective turning knob 41, 43. The turning knobs 41, 43 each comprise a portion of respective ones of a storage reel 44 and a takeup reel 46. Each of the reels 44, 46, are rotatably mounted on a side of the upper chamber 20 opposite the cover 38.

A flat tape guide 48 is juxtaposed substantially parallel to the one face 14 and is mounted inside the upper chamber 20. A pre-encoded universal machine readable tape 50 is disposed around the reels 44, 46 and across the tape guide 48 such that the tape 50 is exposed in the opening 16 of the one face 14. The tape 50 will be described in greater detail with reference to FIGS. 4, and 6. The taps guide 48 has two tabs 47, 49 which are adapted to fit into two corresponding slots 51, 53 in the cover 38.

Noting FIGS. 1 and 2, the container 12 includes a transparent protective layer 52, as a piece of plastic, mounted over the tape 50 in the opening 16 of the one face 14. A perforating arm 54 is carried by the container 12 such that the arm 54 is slidable across the one face 16 and movable into and out of the opening 16 (note arrows in FIG. 6). A protrusion 56 extends towards the container 12 from the perforating arm 54 to provide means for perforating the tape 50. The protective layer 52 includes a slot 58 therein and the tape guide 48 has a slot 60 therein (note FIG. 2) which corresponds to, and is juxtaposed opposite the slot 58 in the protective layer. The perforating arm 54 is thus adapted to extend through the slot 58 in the protective layer 52 such that the protrusion perforates the tape at pre-selected areas thereon. As shown in FIG. 6, a plurality of male indentations 53 are mounted along an edge of the one face 14, and are adapted to mate with corresponding female indentations 55, such that the perforating arm 54 is properly aligned with the tape 50.

Noting FIGS. 5 and 6, the tape 50 has a plurality of holes 62 along a central portion 64 thereof. A gear 66 carried by the tape guide 48 has a plurality of gear teeth 68 adapted to sequentially engage the holes 62 in the tape 50. As shown in FIG. 2, a dual-pronged spring steel member 70 is mounted inside the upper chamber 20, and is adapted to frictionally engage gear teeth 71 along the rear of each reel 44, 46, such that movement of the tape 50 along the tape guide 48 is only caused by a rotational force about one of the reels 44, 46.

The apparatus as described thus far, provides means for storing and carrying the paraphernalia required by diabetics. In addition, the apparatus 10 comprises a portable means for testing the diabetic urine specimen. Noting FIG. 3, the specimen is collected in the test tube 28, which is inserted in the inner wall 37. Thereafter one of the re-agent tablets 34 is inserted into the specimen,.which is thereafter compared with the color-encoded chart 25 to determine the sugar content of the specimen. For example, if the urine is more close in color to the color block marked in the chart 25, then the diabetic is made readily aware that there is a moderate amount of sugar in the specimen. A ketone test is similarly made. The diabetic can then adjust his insulin dosage as needed.

An important part of the present invention is the manner in which the results of the urine test and the insulin dosage administered by the diabetic can be cumulatively recorded for long periods of time. Another important aspect of the invention is the manner in which this information can be gathered at a central data facility and processed by known data-processing machinery.

Noting FIG. 4, these and other aspects of the invention are achieved, in part, by employing any one of the paper tapes which are a standard in the data-processing industry. As shown in FIG. 4, the tape is pre-encoded with a date-group and test series, each series being representative of one 24-hour period. The center portion 72 of the series, identified by test provides means for indicating the results of each of four urine specimen tests at, for example, 7:00 and 1 1:00 am. and 5:00 and 10:00 pm. of a 24-hour period. As the tape 50 is rotated around the reels 44, 46, the tape is perforated at the appropriate pre-selected and pre-encoded area to indicate the results of the tests (note perforations in tape 50 as shown in FIG. 6).

In a similar manner the diabetic enters the insulin dosage administered or amount of oral compound taken as a result of the corresponding urine test. For example, the upper-left portion 74 of the date-group includes three rows of single digit numbers I through 0. For a dosage of 64 units of insulin, the 6 digit in the upper row 76 is perforated and the 4 digit in the center row 78 is perforated. Similarly, the tape 50 can indicate the strength of the insulin taken; for example, whether aainsyl n wasAQanits( 1-4019t8 units P c.c. With respect to the oral compound, the /1, /4, etc., indicates the amount of one tablet taken. In this manner results of the test and the insulin and oral compound dosage administered can be cumulatively recorded.

Tape 50 can be pre-recorded with a date-group and test series for an extended period, for example, about 6 months. After all of the tape is perforated, the tape may be forwarded to a central location where the data for a large group of diabetics may be processed.

I claim: I

1. A diabetes testing and data recording apparatus comprising:

a container;

means for collecting a urine specimen;

color-encoded means carried by said container for comparing a reagent inserted in said urine specimen with said color encoding;

a pre-encoded, machine readable tape;

means for moving said tape along one face of said container;

means for perforating said tape in pre-encoded portions to record data thereon, said data corresponding to said comparison between said specimen and said color encoding; and

means for sequentially taking up those portions of said tape having data recorded thereon.

2. Apparatus as recited in claim 1 further comprising means for recording data corresponding to a dosage of insulin administered as a result of said comparing step.

3. Apparatus as recited in claim 2 further comprising means for recording data corresponding to a ketone test as a result of employing said comparing means.

4. Apparatus as recited in claim 3 further comprising means for recording data corresponding to a dosage of an oral compound administered as a result of employing said comparing means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1322515 *Apr 1, 1919Nov 25, 1919Harry A D BaerRecord-recording device.
US1904719 *Dec 11, 1930Apr 18, 1933Materiel Electrique S W LeRecording apparatus
US2410928 *Jun 5, 1944Nov 12, 1946Ames CoContainer
US2622899 *Aug 7, 1950Dec 23, 1952Robert Edwin McleodIndicating and recording device
US3058584 *Sep 25, 1961Oct 16, 1962Duncan MarshallDiabetic's service kit
US3299534 *Dec 9, 1964Jan 24, 1967Tele Pro Ind IncData recorder responder and teaching system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3993452 *Jul 31, 1975Nov 23, 1976Moulding Thomas SDevice for timed removal and replacement of a specimen container
US4469110 *Jun 17, 1982Sep 4, 1984Slama Gerard JDevice for causing a pinprick to obtain and to test a drop of blood
US4648408 *May 7, 1985Mar 10, 1987Medscan B.V.Blood sampling unit
US4790979 *Aug 29, 1986Dec 13, 1988Technimed CorporationTest strip and fixture
US4976923 *May 12, 1989Dec 11, 1990Rhode Island HospitalSample container
US5100621 *Sep 20, 1988Mar 31, 1992Hygeia Sciences, Inc.Test kit for diagnostic procedures
US5360013 *Oct 19, 1993Nov 1, 1994Gilbert Edward CMethod and device for qualitative detection of blood in urine
US6540672 *Nov 29, 1999Apr 1, 2003Novo Nordisk A/SMedical system and a method of controlling the system for use by a patient for medical self treatment
US6648820Oct 27, 1999Nov 18, 2003Home-Medicine (Usa), Inc.Medical condition sensing system
US6656114 *Nov 30, 1999Dec 2, 2003Novo Noadisk A/SMethod and a system for assisting a user in a medical self treatment, said self treatment comprising a plurality of actions
US6781522Aug 22, 2001Aug 24, 2004Kivalo, Inc.Portable storage case for housing a medical monitoring device and an associated method for communicating therewith
US6988996 *Jun 7, 2002Jan 24, 2006Roche Diagnostics Operatons, Inc.Test media cassette for bodily fluid testing device
US7237205Jun 30, 2003Jun 26, 2007Home-Medicine (Usa), Inc.Parameter evaluation system
US7364699 *May 14, 2004Apr 29, 2008Bayer Healthcare LlcContainers for reading and handling diagnostic reagents and methods of using the same
US7481777Jan 5, 2006Jan 27, 2009Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Lancet integrated test element tape dispenser
US7749454Mar 19, 2008Jul 6, 2010Bayer Healthcare, LlcContainers for reading and handling diagnostic reagents and methods of using the same
US7785272Nov 18, 2005Aug 31, 2010Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Test media cassette for bodily fluid testing device
US7927545May 27, 2010Apr 19, 2011Bayer Healthcare LlcContainers for reading and handling diagnostic reagents and methods for using the same
US7959581Oct 2, 2006Jun 14, 2011Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Test magazine and method for processing the same
US8029448Sep 30, 2004Oct 4, 2011Dimicine Research It, LlcTelemedicine system, and method for communication with remotely located patients
US8043224Mar 28, 2006Oct 25, 2011Dimicine Research It, LlcTelemedicine system
US8083992Jan 26, 2009Dec 27, 2011Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Lancet integrated test element tape dispenser
US8178351Mar 15, 2011May 15, 2012Bayer Healthcare LlcContainers for reading and handling diagnostic reagents and methods of using the same
US8192372Jul 21, 2010Jun 5, 2012Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Test media cassette for bodily fluid testing device
US8196374Nov 23, 2011Jun 12, 2012Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Lancet integrated test element tape dispenser
US8257277Aug 2, 2010Sep 4, 2012Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Test media cassette for bodily fluid testing device
US8621828May 11, 2012Jan 7, 2014Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Lancet integrated test element tape dispenser
US8986223May 8, 2012Mar 24, 2015Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc.Test media cassette for bodily fluid testing device
EP0323901A1 *Jan 5, 1989Jul 12, 1989Inax CorporationMethod and apparatus for detecting urinary constituents
U.S. Classification346/33.0ME, 346/143, 206/305, 600/584, 206/232, 206/459.1, 206/438, 346/145, 422/400
International ClassificationA61B5/20, A61B5/00, A61B10/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61B10/00, A61B5/20
European ClassificationA61B5/145G, A61B10/00, A61B5/20