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Publication numberUS3786628 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 22, 1974
Filing dateApr 28, 1972
Priority dateApr 30, 1971
Also published asDE2220409A1, DE2220409B2, DE2220409C3
Publication numberUS 3786628 A, US 3786628A, US-A-3786628, US3786628 A, US3786628A
InventorsFossard H, Joly H
Original AssigneeFossard H, Joly H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Warning system and method
US 3786628 A
Abstract
A warning device particularly useful for the deaf or partially deaf comprising a mechanical vibration generator responsive to signals produced by a trigger signal generator to which it is operatively connected, the trigger signal generator being responsive to various external sources of different natures, such as an alarm clock, a door bell or a car horn.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 1111' 3,786,628

Fossard et al. Jan. 22, 1974 WARNING SYSTEM AND METHOD 6 2,972,140 2/1961 Hirsch 340 407 [76] Inventors: Hubert Ren Louis Fossard, Rue de Vitot, Le Neubourg; Henriette 2:980:893 4/1961 Josephine Joly, 22 Avenue 2,512,775 6/1950 Parmentier, Paris, both of France 2,721,611 10/1955 3,455,102 7/1969 Wolf 58/152 B [22] Filed: Apr. 28, 1972 PP N04 248,611 Primary ExaminerLawrence R. Franklin Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Morse, Altman & Oates Foreign Application Priority Data Apr. 30, 1971 France 71.15615 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U s G 58/152 B 340/407 A warning device particularly useful for the deaf or 51 nit c111:I:11:11:11:11:11:11: 6666 23/12 Partially deaf mPrising a mechanical vibration [58] Field of Search 58/19 ZLIZ [52 340/407 erator responsive to signals produced by a trigger signal generator to which it is operatively connected, the

[56]) References Cited trigger signal generator being responsive to various external sources of different natures, such as an alarm UNITED STATES PATENTS clock, a door bell or a car horn.

2,150,364 3/1939 Dudley. 340/407 2,192,505 3/1940 Raybuck 340/407 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Figures WARNING SYSTEM AND METHOD The present invention relates to a warning system and method.

An object of the invention is to provide a warning system and method adapted to overcome the drawbacks of known systems and methods making use of an audio signal for getting one or more persons attention.

Such audio known systems besides the fact that they are incapable of warning one or more individuals only in a group of people, are totally inoperative for handicapped people, for example the totally or partially deaf.

The present invention proposes a method of getting one or more persons attention which is characterized by the application of a mechanical vibration as warning means to which the individual(s) to be warned are directly or indirectly subjected.

The warning system according to the invention therefore comprises a fixed or variable frequency mechanical vibration generator operatively connected by a physical or nonphysical connection to a signal generator for triggering the vibration generator.

The invention will be fully understood from the description which follows, made by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the system according to the invention FIG. 2 is aschematic diagram of the system according to the invention for another embodiment FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a system according to the invention for still another embodiment FIG. 4 is a view in perpsective from the front of a device according to the invention constructed in the form of an alarm clock FIG. 5 is a plan view-taken in the direction of the arrow A in FIG. 4 of the device illustrated in this figure certain portions having been removed for the sake of clarity and FIG. 6 is a schematic view in perspective of a device similar to that illustrated in FIG. 4 but for another embodiment;

A warning system according to the invention (FIG. 1) comprises a mechanical vibration generator 12 electrically or electronically operated which upon reception of a signal emitted by a trigger signal generator to which it is operatively connected by a connection shown schematically at 11, produces mechanical vibrations of a fixed or variable frequency to call the attention of an individual to be warned, the person being in direct or indirect contact therewith.

The generator 10 may be triggered by any suitable means.

When the generator is controlled by means of different natures, it preferably comprises a selector means 13 to make it responsive to a particular desired external source such as shown schematically at 14 for a sound or audio signal, at 15 for a light source and at 16 for an electrical signal of an appropriate nature.

The mechanical vibration generator is, for example as shown in FIG. 1, an eccentric vibrator comprising an electric motor 38 adapted to be supplied by,a current source such as a battery 39, the electric motor having a shaft 40 carrying eccentrically a disc 71 or the like. The invention is of course not limited to this type of vibration generator and may include a purely mechanical or electrical operated device.

Similarly, the operative connection between the trigger signal generator 10 and the vibration generator 12 may be a physical connection, such as an electric conductor, or a nonphysical connection, for example such as an electromagnetic wave.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, a mechanical vibration generator 30 is connected by conductors 31, 32, 33, etc., to trigger signal generators 34, 35, 36 respectively responsive to external sources of different natures for commanding the vibration generator 30 which comprises means schematically shown at 37 for identifying signals emitted by the generators 3436, for example as a function of the signal emitted by each one of the generators.

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, a trigger signal generator 20 is connected by conductors 21, 22, 23, etc. to mechanical vibration generators 24, 25, 26, etc. adapted to be controlled independently of one another and/or at the same time as one another from a control station 27 comprising means schematically shown at 28 for selecting and controlling as well as means schematically shown at 29 for monitoring the generator(s) 24-26 selected and activated.

When the system according to the invention is used as a warning device for one or more deaf or partially deaf individuals, the trigger signal generator preferably comprises a microphonic sensing device responsive to external sound signals, such as an alarm clock, a door bell or a car horn.

In one embodiment, the device according to the invention is an alarm clock for use in particular for deaf or partially deaf individual. The signal generator for triggering the vibrator of the system is, in this case, means responsive to the ringing of a common alarm clock connected by a conductor to the motor of the vibrator whose input circuit preferably comprises a transistorized electronic amplifier for its control.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, the trigger signal generator is an electric timer 40 housed in a case 41 having a dial with an hour hand 43 and a minute hand 44 visible on the face 45 of the case 41. The dial of the timer 40 also has an indicator 46 for indicating the instant, an electric switch 47 must be closed in a manner known per se which comprises a fixed contact 48 connected to an electric current source 49, such as a battery, and a movable contact 50 at one of the terminals of an electric motor 51 having a rotational speed which may be of the order of 1,500 RPM and having a shaft 52 carrying an eccentric weight 53 for generating mechanical vibrations. The battery 49 is connected by a circuit 54 to the timer 40 and by a circuit 55 to the motor 51 and to the timer 40.

,In order to use the device, a person who is deaf or partially deaf and who desires to be awakened, for example, at 7 oclock adjusts the dial pointer 46 of the timer to the number 7, then places the whole device in his bed, for example under his pillow. At 7 oclock, the timer 40 brings the movable contact 50 of the switch 47 into contact with the fixed contact 48, the motor 51 is energized and the vibrator comprising the combination of the motor and the eccentric weight 53 produces a mechanical vibration which awakens the user.

In the embodiment of FIG. 6, the electric timer is housed in a case having a dial 62 on its face 61, the timer being connected by a wire 63 to another case 64 in which is housed a vibrator, and if necessary the electric supply battery therefor. In order to use such an alarm clock for a physically handicpped person, for example a deaf or partially deaf individual, it is simply necessary to place the case 64 under the pillow or the like and maintain the case 60 with a dial constantly visible on an adjacent night table.

What we claim is 1. A warning unit comprising a small size casing adapted to be applied in close juxtaposition to a body of a person, a silent mechanical vibration generator housed in said casing, an electrically operated timepiece having a dial and hands and setting mechanism housed in said casing, means operatively connecting said timepiece to said silent mechanical vibration generator, a window in said casing to show the dial and lected in said timepiece.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2150364 *Jul 31, 1937Mar 14, 1939Bell Telephone Labor IncSignaling system
US2192505 *Mar 10, 1939Mar 5, 1940Raybuck Franklin ASilent alarm wrist watch
US2512775 *Oct 23, 1946Jun 27, 1950Parissi Anthony JSignaling device
US2580598 *Jan 23, 1951Jan 1, 1952Rody PasqualeAlarm for deaf persons
US2721611 *May 2, 1952Oct 25, 1955Joseph Gordon EdwardClock with remote alarm control
US2972140 *Sep 23, 1958Feb 14, 1961Joseph HirschApparatus and method for communication through the sense of touch
US2980898 *Sep 20, 1957Apr 18, 1961Collins Radio CoFault location system
US3017631 *Mar 24, 1958Jan 16, 1962Gen Motors CorpSelective paging receiver
US3455102 *Feb 21, 1966Jul 15, 1969Wolf Paul BSilent alarm clock
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4093944 *Feb 16, 1977Jun 6, 1978Muncheryan Hrand MSilent awakening system with means adapted to induce sleep
US4180810 *Jan 16, 1978Dec 25, 1979Muncheryan Hrand MSilent awakening system
US4237449 *Jun 16, 1978Dec 2, 1980Zibell J ScottSignalling device for hard of hearing persons
US4297677 *Dec 10, 1979Oct 27, 1981John S. LewisPersonal ambient sound referenced annunciator
US4368459 *Dec 16, 1980Jan 11, 1983Robert SaporaEducational apparatus and method for control of deaf individuals in a mixed teaching environment
US4379639 *Oct 14, 1980Apr 12, 1983Eugene StephensAlarm watch with remote sonic amplifier
US4645353 *Apr 8, 1985Feb 24, 1987Kavoussi James PScent clock alarm device
US4679943 *Nov 7, 1986Jul 14, 1987Kavoussi James PScent clock bimetallic device
US5045833 *May 30, 1989Sep 3, 1991Smith Edward RApparatus and system for alerting deaf persons
US5119346 *Jan 16, 1990Jun 2, 1992Deborah J. HendersonChild alarm system
US5686884 *Jan 3, 1996Nov 11, 1997Larkin; Dennis S.Warning unit
US5737692 *Sep 27, 1996Apr 7, 1998Sony CorporationClock radio system with remote alert device
US5917420 *Jan 28, 1997Jun 29, 1999Gonzalez; AntonioSmoke/fire detector for the hearing impaired
US6087942 *May 18, 1998Jul 11, 2000Jb Research, Inc.Tactile alert and massaging system
US7112107 *Feb 4, 2004Sep 26, 2006Brunswick CorporationThrottle control mechanism with haptic feedback
US7173881Jun 30, 2003Feb 6, 2007Freudenberg Jr Frank JSilent morning alarm
US7540847Jan 16, 2004Jun 2, 2009Klein Charles WApparatus and method for selectively transmitting vibrations to an individual situated on a support surface
CN102110336BFeb 28, 2011Oct 17, 2012黄勇Deaf-mute doorbell additional device
Classifications
U.S. Classification368/12, 340/407.1, 368/250, 340/326
International ClassificationG08B3/00, G08B3/10
Cooperative ClassificationG08B3/1008
European ClassificationG08B3/10B