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Publication numberUS3787812 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 22, 1974
Filing dateOct 20, 1971
Priority dateOct 20, 1971
Also published asCA972981A, CA972981A1, DE2251092A1
Publication numberUS 3787812 A, US 3787812A, US-A-3787812, US3787812 A, US3787812A
InventorsW Armstrong
Original AssigneeWaterbury Pressed Metal Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pick-proof lock
US 3787812 A
Abstract
A pick-proof lock for use with a key having a double bitting. First means is included for reading the first bitting. Second means is included for reading the second bitting to open the lock only when the first bitting reading means and second bitting reading means are enabled by a key having the proper bittings. Unlocking preventing means prevents unlocking of the lock until the second bitting reading means is enabled. Responsive means disables the unlocking preventing means when the second bitting reading means is enabled.
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United States Patent 1191 Armstrong 7 Y 1 PICK-PROOF LOCK [75] Inventor:

Conn.

[73] Assignee: The Waterbury Pressed Metal Company, Waterbury, Conn.

22 Filed: Oct. 20, 1971 21 Appl. No.: 190,905

[52] US. Cl. 340/164 R, 70/278, 70/283,

200/44, 340/274 [51] int. Cl E05b 47/00, E05b 45/10 [58] Field of Search..... 70/277, 278, 282, 2.83, 356, 70/358, 416, 419, 421, DIG. 49; 200/44; 340/164 R, 274

[56] References Citedv UNITED STATES PATENTS 421,205 2/1890 Sykora 70/373 1,435,682 11/1922 Allain 70/l56 3,500,326 3/1970 Benford 340/147 3,599,454 8/1971 Hill et al. 70/265 3,194,034 7/1965 William H. Armstrong, Middlebury,

Leiser 70/358 1 1 Jan. 22, 1974 2,057,301 10/1936 Golokow et al. 200/44 3,494,157 2/1970 Coker 70/276 2,475,220 7/1949 Chaulk et a1. 307/10 3,670,538 6/1972 Curry 70/271 3,415,087 12/1968 Kramasz et al. 70/277 Primary Examiner-Albert G. Craig, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or FirmDavis, l-loxie, Faithful] &

Hapgood [5 7 ABSTRACT A pick-proof lock for use with a key having a double bitting. First means is included for reading the first bitting. Second means is included for reading the second bitting to open the lock only when the first bitting reading means and second bitting reading means are enabled by a key having the proper bittings. Unlocking preventing means prevents unlocking of the lock until the second bitting reading means is enabled. Responsive means disables the unlocking preventing means when the second bitting reading means is enabled.

6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PICK-PROOF LOCK The present invention relates to locks and more specifically, to a pick-proof lock for use with a key having a double bitting.

Various devices known in the art have been used with locks for actuating alarms to indicate attempts at improper access. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,427,413 and 2,057,301 disclose the utilization of electric switches with locks having standard pin tumblers for actuating an alarm to signal an attempt at improper access. However, none of the prior art devices disclose a pick-proof lock for actuation by a key having a double bitting.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a pick-proof lock.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a lock for use with keys having double bittings to enhance the number of different key changes possible.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a pick-proof withalarm signal means.

Briefly, the pick-proof lock of the present invention includes a first means for reading the first bitting and a second means for reading the second bitting to open the lock only when the first bitting reading means and second bitting reading means are enabled by a key having the proper bittings. Unlocking preventing means prevents unlocking of the lock until the second bitting reading means is enabled. Responsive means disables the unlocking preventing means when the second bitting reading means is enabled.

Other objects, aspects and advantages of the present invention will be more fully understood when the detailed description is considered in conjunction with the drawings as follows:

FIG. 1 is a partial sectional view of a pick-proof lock according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the lock of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating one possible circuit arrangement for the enabling switch, the alarm actuating switches, and the alarm circuitry, in use with a key having the improper bitting.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the pick-proof lock includes a housing 12 having a recess 13 and a cylinder or barrel 14 positioned in the recess 13 for rotational movement therein in a conventional manner.

A first bitting reading means or tumblers 16 are positioned in the housing 12, e.g. by springs (not shown), and extend into bores 18 arranged in the cylinder 14 transversely to the direction of longitudinal key slot 20. A key 22 having the proper bitting 21 will, upon insertion intoslot 20, move the tumblers l6 upward to the desired position for enabling the barrel 14 to rotate.

Disposed l80 opposite to the tumblers 16 is a second bitting reading means or plungers 23 positioned for reciprocating movement in housing 12 and extending into bores 24. The plungers 23 are in contact with microswitches 25 and act to open or close the microswitches 25 in response to a key 22 having the proper second bitting 26. An additional plunger 27 is arranged at the opposite end of slot for actuation of microswitch 28.

Microswitch 28 which may be arranged to be normally closed is opened by the downward movement of plunger 27 when engaged by the end 30 of the second bitting 26. The plunger 27 thus in a sense reads the length of the key 22 to determine if the-key 22 is of the proper length.

As shown in FIG. 3, a solenoid 32 is electrically connected in series with the terminals of microswitches 25A, 25B, 25C, 25D and 28 to a source of power, shown as a battery 34. (The terminals are designated as normally open [NO], common [C], and normally closed [NC].) Utilizing the proper key 22 having the proper bit length and second bitting 26 will open microswitch 28 and close normally open microswitches 25C and 25D and open normally closed microswitches 25A and 25B allowing the solenoid 32 to be energized. Energization of the solenoid 32 retracts movable core arm 36 from core slot 38, allowing the barrel 14 to rotate to retract a bolt (not shown) for unlocking the door, see FIG. 2.

Further, a conventional bell alarm 40 and relay 42 may be electrically connected to the second bitting reading means for actuation should the microswitches 25 be partially actuated by having one or more of the microswitches improperly opened or closed, e.g., by insertion of a key having the improper bitting. As shown in FIG. 3, microswitch 25C remains in a normally open state due to use of a key with the improper bitting 26 thereby preventing energization of the solenoid 32 and also causing energization of the alarm 40.

In the normal, inoperative, position the tumblers 16 and plungers 23 and 27 extend into the cylinder 14 and the core arm 36 is positioned within the core slot 38 to prevent rotation of the cylinder 14 within the housing 12 and unlocking of the lock. When a key having the proper bittings 21 and 26 is inserted into the key slot 20, the tumblers 16 move upward in bores 18, thereby enabling the first bitting reading means. Further, the

- required plungers 23 and 27 are also depressed,

thereby closing microswitches 25 and 28 and enabling the second bitting reading means. The lock 10 is opened by simply rotating the key 22 and barrel 14 as with conventional locks.

At least one of the microswitches 25 and 28 should be normally open. When a key 22 having the proper bitting 26 is inserted into the key slot 20 the end 30 of the key 22 will be read by microswitch 28. The desired microswitches 25 and 28 must all be closed to complete the circuit to the solenoid 32 for retraction of core arm 34 from core slot 36, thereby disabling the core arm 34 and allowing the barrel 14 to rotate within the housing 14 to open the lock.

By arranging the microswitches 25 (shown as four in the drawing) and microswitch 28 in open or closed positions, combinations are proper, thereby multiplying the conventional number of key combinations by 70.

What is claimed is:

1. A lock of the type having a rotatable cylinder arranged within a housing and tumblers extending into the key slot of the cylinder to receive the biting of a key, wherein the improvement comprises:

means for preventing the rotational movement of said cylinder to prevent unlocking of said lock even when a key with the proper bitting is read by the tumblers; and

means including a microswitch for simultaneously reading a second bitting of the key arcuately disposed from the tumblers to disable said rotation preventing means in response to a key with the proper second bitting, whereby the lock may be immediately opened.

2. A lock as claimed in claim 1 including:

an alarm;

means electrically coupled to said disabling means for actuating said alarm when said disabling means is partially disabled.

3. A pick-proof lock comprising:

a lock housing having a recess arranged therein;

a cylinder positioned in said recess for rotation therein, said cylinder having a longitudinal key slot arranged therein;

tumblers positioned in said housing and extending into spaced slots arranged transversely to said key slot and adapted for reciprocal movement allowing said cylinder to rotate within said housing when engaged by a key having a proper first bitting;

means for preventing rotational movement of said cylinder to normally prevent unlocking of said lock; and

means including a microswitch for simultaneously engaging a second bitting of the key to disable said rotation preventing means in response to a key having the proper second bitting, whereby the lock may be immediately unlocked.

4. A pick-proof lock as claimed in claim 3 including:

an alarm;

means electrically coupling said alarm to said disablingmeans for actuation of said alarm when said disabling means is partially disabled.

5. A pick-proof lock comprising:

a lock housing having a recess arranged therein;

a cylinder positioned in said recess for rotation therein, said cylinder having a longitudinal key slot arranged therein;

tumblers positioned in said housing and extending into spaced slots arranged transversely to said key slot and adapted for reciprocal movement allowing said cylinder to rotate within said housing when engaged by a key having a proper first bitting;

means for preventing rotational movement of said cylinder to normally prevent unlocking of said lock, said rotation preventing means including a solenoid with a movable core arm and a core slot arranged in said cylinder into which said core arm is normally positioned; and

means for disabling said rotation preventing means in response to a key having a proper second bitting, whereby the lock may be unlocked only with a key having the proper, double bitting, said disabling means including a plurality of microswitches electrically coupled to said solenoid, and a source of electric power connected in series with said solenoid and said microswitches, whereby actuation of said microswitches energizes said solenoid causing retraction of said movable core arm from said core slot.

6. A lock of the type having a rotatable cylinder arranged within a housing and tumblers extending into the key slot of the cylinder to receive the bitting of a key, wherein the improvement comprises:

means for preventing the rotational movement of said cylinder to prevent unlocking of said lock even when a key with the proper bitting is read by the tumblers, said rotation preventing means including a solenoid having a movable arm and a slot arranged in said cylinder for engagement with said movable arm; and means for simultaneously reading a second bitting arcuately disposed from the tumblers to disable said rotation preventing means in response to a key with the proper second bitting, whereby the lock may be immediately opened.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3926021 *Jan 2, 1974Dec 16, 1975Monitron IndElectronic combination lock and system
US4157478 *Aug 15, 1977Jun 5, 1979Quinton Richard JAutomobile theft prevention system
US4333328 *May 2, 1980Jun 8, 1982A.R.M.Access identification apparatus
US4803467 *Feb 23, 1988Feb 7, 1989George PetersMagnetic key lock provided with an alarm system
US4901545 *Dec 28, 1987Feb 20, 1990Rising Star Technologies (A Partnership)Self-contained electromechanical locking device
US4924686 *Feb 2, 1988May 15, 1990R. Berchtold AgContact device for transmitting electrical signals between a lock and key in a cylinder lock
US4953420 *Sep 29, 1989Sep 4, 1990Clum Manufacturing Company, Inc.Key lock apparatus
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US6958551Jun 25, 2002Oct 25, 2005Strattec Security CorporationVehicle coded ignition lock using a magnetic sensor
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US9003845Nov 10, 2009Apr 14, 2015Master Lock Company LlcLock apparatus and method
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WO1999052748A1 *Apr 12, 1999Oct 21, 1999Pocrass Alan LKey activated system having multiple keys
Classifications
U.S. Classification340/5.3, 200/43.8, 340/5.31, 340/5.67, 340/542, 70/278.3, 70/283
International ClassificationE05B27/00, E05B47/06, E05B45/10
Cooperative ClassificationE05B45/10, E05B47/063, E05B47/0004
European ClassificationE05B47/06C4R1, E05B45/10
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 21, 1984AS17Release by secured party
Owner name: AKIFIEV, :
Owner name: SHAWMUT BANK OF BOSTON, N.A. F/K/A THE NATIONAL SH
Owner name: WPM, INC., F/K/A THE WATERBURY PRESSED METAL COMPA
Nov 21, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: WPM, INC., F/K/A THE WATERBURY PRESSED METAL COMPA
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNORS:SHAWMUT BANK OF BOSTON, N.A. F/K/A THE NATIONAL SHAWMUT BANK OFBOSTON;AKIFIEV, OLEG N.;PYTEL, JURY A.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004330/0075;SIGNING DATES FROM