US 3790006 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 5, 1974 POSITION CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A WAREHOUSE APPARATUS Elmer C. Hartman, Ill, Geneva, NY.
Assignee: Hartman Metal Fabricators, Inc.,
Filed: Nov. 15, 1972 Appl. No.: 306,862
Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 73,159, Sept. 17, 1970, abandoned.
US. Cl 214/16.4 A, 318/603, 318/629 int. Cl. B65g l/06 Field of Search... 214/164 A, 16.4 B; 318/603,
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Primary Examiner-Gerald M. Forlenza Assistant Examiner-R. B. Johnson Attorney, Agent, or Firm-B. Edward Shlesinger et al.
[5 7] ABSTRACT An automatic stacker or load carrier has a trolley section movable down an aisle between a pair of storage racks, an elevator movable vertically on the trolley, and a retractable fork mechanism movable out of either side of the elevator to pick up a load from, or deposit a load into, a selected bin in one of the racks. A stationary console remote from the stacker is connected electrically to the stacker by a plurality of brush contacts on the stacker, which have sliding, electrical contact with a like plurality of conductors, which extend from the console down the aisle. By means of a computer connected to the console, an op erator can program the stacker to perform a plurality of successive pick up and deposit operations to transfer loads between selected bins and a loading station at one end of the aisle, or between selected bins in the racks. At the end of each cycle, which comprises either a pick up or deposit operation, the stacker remains stationary until the computer enters the address of a new cycle.
. m. .1 Wiae.Fi !s PAIENIED E 51914 3,790,006
saw a or 7 INVENTOR. ELMER C. HARTMAN III M a) I ATTORNEYS FIG. 3E
POSITION CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A WAREHOUSE APPARATUS This is a continuation of applicants pending patent application Ser. No. 73,159, filed Sept. 17, 1970 now abandoned.
This invention relates to automated stackers or load carriers of the type employed in automatic warehouse systems, and more particularly to a stacker which can be programmed automatically to transfer loaded pallets between loading stations and selected bins in one or more storage racks. In a more specific aspect, this invention relates to an automatic stacker which can be programmed by a computer disposed remote from the stacker. 1
Conventional stackers can be programmed to effect a single or dual command i.e., to effect automatic delivery of a load from a home loading station to a selected bin in a nearby storage rack, and/or to retrieve a load from a selected bin in the rack. Heretofore, however, with many types of stackers it has been necessary to cycle the stacker home after each command, whether single or dual, to enable the operator to program the stacker for a new command. The reason is that the address switches, which must be manually actuated to program a command, have been mounted on the stacker itself, and consequently it was essential that the stacker be returned to the head of the aisle at the completion of a command so as to be accessible to the operator for the programming of a new command.
Some stackers, though, have been built with remote controls; which in such cases may be located any desired distance from the stackers which they control, and from the racks served by the stackers. However, even where remote controls have been employed, it has been necessary heretofore in the case of certain dual command stackers to employ two separate sets of bin selector switches, one set for a storage command and another set for a retrieval command.
A further disadvantage of prior such stackers is that they are capable only of transferring loads between a loading station at one end of the aisle in which the stacker travels and any one of the bins in the associated racks; and they are not capable of transferring loads between bins in the racks.
It is an-object of this invention to provide an improved remote controlled automatic stacker which does not have to return to any particular home or operating station in order to be programmed.
Another object of this invention is to provide a novel stacker of the type described which has only one set of selector switches programmable by a computer remote from the stacker to effect successive load pick upand deposit cycles for as long a period as the computer imparts program information to the stacker.
A further object of this invention is to provide an automatic stacker of the type described which is substantially more compact and versatile than prior such stackers.
Other objects of the invention will be apparent hereinafter .from the specification and the recital of the appended claims, particularly when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings; FIG. 1 is an end elevation and FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of part of a warehousing system and a typical stacker therefor made in accordance with one embodiment of this invention;
FIGS. 3A, 3B, 3C, 3D, 3E and 3F are electrical wiring diagrams illustrating one manner in which this stacker may be wired for remote'control operation, portions of the stacker also being illustrated schematically; and
FIGS. 4 and 5 are truth charts for the horizontal and vertical selector relays which control the corresponding motions of the stacker.
Referring now to the drawings by numerals of reference, 20 (FIGS. 1, 2 and 3B) denotes generally a stacker comprising a trolley portion 21, an elevator 22, which is mounted for vertical movement on a mast 28 carried by the trolley, and a reciprocable, load-bearing fork or shuttle mechanism 23, which is mounted on the elevator for telescopic movement selectively out of opposite sides thereof. Trolley 21 is mounted in a conventional manner for movement by a motor HM (FIG. 3F longitudinally in an aisle between a pair of identical, spaced storage racks 24 and 25, and two pairs of loading stations 26 and 27, which are located at opposite ends of the aisle. The two racks 24 and 25 have their storage bins 29 arrangedin confronting horizontal rows and vertical columns at opposite sides of the aisle. The elevator 22 is movable vertically on mast 28 by a motor VM (FIG. 3F); and the fork 23 is movable laterally out of either side of the elevator by a motor LM (FIG. 3F). Each of the motors HM, LM and VM has a brake (not illustrated), which normally is in its braking state, and which is released in a known manner, when the associated motor is energized.
Trolley 21 carries a horizontal sensing head HHD (FIG. 3B), which travels just above a pair of seriesconnected wires I-ICW, that are fixed to the floor beneath the stacker to extend longitudinally down the aisle between the racks. These wires, which cross and recross one another at spaced points along the aisle, from at alternate intersections thereof a plurality of stable nulls, or null points H0, H1, H2, etc. through HX, which are designed to develop in head HHD a control signal that is used to stop trolley 21 precisely at any one of a plurality of different horizontal positions in the aisle, in each of which positions the trolley will be in registry with a pair of confronting columns of bins of the racks.'When the stacker 20 is properly positioned between one of the pair of loading stations 26 and 27 (FIG. 2), the head HHD will register with either the null point H0 or HX, respectively. The remaining horizontal null points correspond in number to, and register with,-the columns of bins in each rack, and they are positioned so that as the stacker registers with successive pairs of confronting columns of bins during its movement in the aisle, its head HHD will register success'ively with the corresponding null points.
The elevator 22 carries a pair of' vertically spaced heads UVHD and LVHD (FIG. 3B), which cooperate with a further pair of series-connected wires VCW mounted on the vertical mast 28 that projects upwardly from the trolley 21 for movement therewith. As in the case of the horizontal wires HCW, the vertical crossover wires VCW cross and recross one another at vertically spaced intervals to form at alternate crossings a plurality of null points, two of which are illustrated at VNl and VN2 in FIG. 3B. These null points correspond to successive, vertically spaced rows of storage bins in each rack, and are arranged so that point VNl corresponds to the lowest row of bins in each rack, point VN2 corresponds to the second row of bins up from the bottom of each rack; and so on. In cooperation with the heads UVHD and LVI-ID these wires serve to position the elevator 22 in precise vertical alignment with any selected row of bins in the racks in a manner described in more detail below.
Mounted on the elevator for vertical movement therewith is a vertical wiper VW (FIG. 3B), which has sliding electrical contact with a vertical wiper track 183. Wiper track 183 is mounted on the same mast 28 that supports the wires VCW, and comprises a plurality of vertical spaced conductor bars, two of which are designated as 184-1 and 184-2, respectively. The number of conductor bars in track 183 equals the number of rows of bays or bins arranged vertically in each rack and, therefore, the number of null points in the vertical wires VCW. The confronting ends of the vertically spaced conductors 184-1, 184-2, etc. are connected to one another by resistors 186, which are selected to develop a predetermined, equal voltage drop (for example 1 volt) between adjacent conductors in the track, so that the uppermost conductor in the track will be at a higher voltage than the lowermost.
through 200-X. The trolley 21 carries a horizontal wiper contact HW, which has sliding electrical contact with the conductors of track 200. The bars in track 200 are two greater in number than the columns of bays in eachrack, and are spaced along the aisle horizontally so that bar 200- registers with the. loading stations 26 at one end of the aisle, the bar 200-X registers with the loading stations 27 at the opposite end, and the remaining bars register with the columns of bays in the racks. As in the case of the vertical track 183, confronting ends of adjacent conductor bars 200 are connected by like resistors 199, which develop predetermined equal voltage drops (for instance 1 volt) between adjacent bars in the track 200.
The potentials on the wipers HW and VW correspond, respectively, to the particular conductor bar of the'tracks 200 and 183, respectively, with which. they are engaged at any particular moment. The voltages on the horizontal and vertical wipers HW and VW thus represent the actual position of the stacker at any given instant. For example, when the stacker 20 is properly positioned between the'loading stations 26, the horizontal wiper I-IW (FIG. 3B) is at the ground potential of the bar 200-0, while its vertical wiper VW is at the ground potential of the vertical conductor bar 184-1.
I The stacker carries both a horizontal voltage comparator HVC and a vertical voltage comparator VVC, each of which has a pair of input terminals. The voltage of the horizontal wiper I-IW is applied by a wire 30 to one of the input terminals of the horizontal comparator I-IVC; and the potential of the vertical wiper VW is applied by a wire 31 to one of the input terminals of the vertical comparator VVC.
The other input terminals of the comparators HVC and VVC, as represented by the wires 40 and 41, respectively, are adapted to be placed selectively at different potentials corresponding to the positions to which it is desired to dispatch the stacker trolley 21 and elevator 22. When the input potentials (40, 30) to the horizontal comparator HVC are equal, the trolley 21 stops; but when these inputs are unequal, the trolley moves in a direction to equalize these inputs. Similarly the elevator 22 is moved vertically whenever the inputs (41, 31) to the vertical voltage comparator /VC are unequalQand its vertical movement is stopped, when the inputs 41, 31 are equal.
The dispatch signals to the comparator leads 40 and 41 are provided by a plurality of address selecting relays CRl through CR11 (FIG. 3A), which are mounted in a stationary console (not illustrated) remote from the stacker, and which areenergizable selectively by signals emanating from a conventional computer (not illustrated). The address relays CR1, CR2, CR3 and CR4 control the vertical position of the elevator 22 by operating a vertical voltage selector denoted generally at VVS in FIG. 3B; and the relays CR5, CR6, CR7, CR8, CR9, CR10 and CR11 control the horizontal position of the trolley portion 21 of the stacker through operation of a horizontal voltage selector denoted generally at HVS in FIG. 3B. In FIG. 3B the components to the left of the broken line A are located in the stationary console, while the apparatus and circuits carried by the stacker 20 are illustrated at the right of this line.
The horizontal voltage selector network I-lVS comprises two identical sets of series connected resistors R1 through R7 (FIG. 38) corresponding, for example, to 10, 20, 40, 80, I00, 250 and 500 ohms, respectively. The resistors R1 to R7 of one set (the left hand set in FIG. 3B) are connected, respectively, in parallel with normally-open relay switches CR11, CR10, CR9, CR8, CR7, CR6 and CR5, respectively, between a line 201 and a direct current power source 208 of, for example, 100 volts. The resistors R1 to R7 of the other set (the right hand set in FIG.3B) are connected, respectively, in parallel with normally-closed relay switches CR11, CR10, CR9, CR8, CR7, CR6 andCRS, respectively, between the line 201 and ground. Consequently, when switches CR5 through CR11 are in the positions illustrated in the drawing (FIG. 38), line 201 will be placed at ground potential, and 100 ma. flows in the circuit, with the full lOO volt potentialon terminal 208 being dropped across the left handset of resistors R1 to R7. When, however, the positions of these switches are reversed, line 201 will be at the potential of terminal 208, or at 100 volts. By selective energization of the relays CR5 to CR1 1 as illustrated in part by the chart in FIG. 4, the potential applied by the selector HVS to line 201 can be made to be any-where from zero to I00 volts.
Thevertical voltage selector VVS (FIG. 3B) comprises ten terminals VO through V9 separated from one another by like, series connected resistors, each of which may have a value, for example, of 20 ohms. Terminal V0 is connected to ground potential, and terminal T9 to a direct current power source 207 (eg 24 volts) which is operative to maintain terminals V0 in FIG. 5, the terminals V0 to V9 may be connected selectively to line 202 thereby'to apply anywhere from zero to nine volts to line 202.
Line 201 extends down the aisle between the racks 25 and 24, and is slidingly engaged by a wiper contact 201' carried by the stacker, and connected through a normally-open relay switch CR50-3 and a normallyclosed switch CR79-1 to horizontal comparator input 40. Line 202 also extends down the aisle between racks 25 and 24, and is slidingly engaged by another wiper contact 202, which is mounted on the stacker for movement therewith, and which is connected through normally-open switch CR50-4 and normally-closed switch CR79-2 with the vertical comparator input 41. It is therefore possible to apply preselected horizontal and vertical address signals to the comparators HVC and VVC regardless of where the stacker is located in the aisle.
As shown in FIG. 3C, additional wiper contacts 203, 204' and 205' are carried by the stacker for transmitting signals between the console and the stacker along lines 203, 204 and 205, respectively. These signals are controlled, at least in part, by solid state logic circuitry (FIGS. 3D and 3E), which is mounted on a stacker control panel for movement with the stacker.
The address signals ASl through AS11 (FIG. 3A) for controlling the address relays CRl-CRII originate at the computer with a twelfth address signal AS12, which determines which rack (left or right) is to be serviced respectively; relay CR12 being operable, as noted hereinafter, to determine from which side of the elevator 22 the fork or shuttle 23 will advance, when the stacker reaches its programmed. destination.
The computer also develops at certain times a clear signal CLR (FIG. 3A), which is applied to one of the inputs of an AND gate G13;'a load signal LS which is applied to the input of AND gate G14; and a read RS signal, which is applied to the input of an AND gate G15. The other input to each of gates G13, G14 and G15 is a code signal CS, which is developed at the computer to supply signals, for example, selectively to one of a plurality of stackers similar to stacker 20, and which is decoded at the stationary console by a conventional decoding device (not illustrated) before being applied as an enabling signal to gates of the type denoted at G13, G14 and G15. When gate G13 is enabled, it produces at its output a signal 304, which resets register 302, and resets a flip flop 306, which controls an enabling relay CR13. When G14 is gated it produces at its output a signal 308, which is applied to gates G1 through G12, and to flip flop 306 to set the latter and energize CR13. When G15 is gated, its output signal 310 is applied to one of the inputs of AND gates'G25, G26, G27 and G28, which will be described hereinafter.
Power for operating the console and stacker circuits, including the stacker motor control circuits of FIG. 3F,
- is supplied from a conventional three phase alternating current power source through a manually operable power switch MPP (FIG. 38) to power lines L1, L2 and L3. Line L1 supplies power to the console (FIG. 3C), while all three of these lines are connected (for example by conventional wiper contacts, not illustrated) to the input terminals T1, T2 and T3 (FIG. 3B) of a control panel on the stacker 20.
To avoid unnecessary repetition, it will be assumed hereinafter that the switch MPP has been closed to apply power to the system.
With switch MPP closed, the hot terminals T1, T2
and T3 (FIG. 38) on the stacker energize the stacker power lines L1, L2 and L3, respectively. Line L1 energizes a photo cell unit PC3, which is mounted on the stacker elevator 22 to detect the presence or absence of a load on the fork or shuttle 23. If a load is present the load will prevent light from a lamp on the elevator from falling on the photo cell PC3, and consequently will permit its associated switch PC3-l (FIG. 3D) to return to its normally-closed position. If on the other hand there is no load on the elevator, the photo cell PC3 will be actuated by the light from its associated lamp, and switch PC3-1 will be held open.
On the negative half-cycle of the voltage applied to line L1 upon the closing of switch MPP, a cycle complete relay CR15 (FIG. 3C) in the stationary console is energized from line L1 through the normally-closed relay switch CR53-l, the diode D1, the normallyclosed switch CR53-2, the wiper contact 204 on the stacker, conductor 204, diode D2 and relay CR15 to ground. A diode D3 and a bin reject relay CR16 are connected in parallel with' the diode D2 and relay CR15, but diode D3 is oriented oppositely with respect to the diodes D1 and D2, so that it prevents current flow in the bin reject relay CR16, when the cycle complete relay CR15 is energized. The now energized relay CR15 closes its switch contacts CR15-l (FIG. 3C) and CR15-2 (FIG. 3A), thereby sending a cycle complete signal to one of the inputs of the dual input AND gate G25 (FIG. 3A), and energizing a time delay unit TDl (FIG. 3C), which momentarily delays the energization of a reset relay CRIS. This relay is used to indicate the absence of power in the stacker logic. At this time the stacker-power-on switch SPON (FIG. 38) has 1 not yet been closed, so that after a brief delay the relay CRIS is energized by TDl and'closes its switch CR18-1 (FIG. 3A) to send a power off or reset signal to one of the inputs of the AND gate G28.
At this time, assuming that the signals from the computer are intended for stacker 20, the decoder (not illustrated) on the console will produce the code signal CS (FIG. 3A), which partially enables gates G13, G14 and G15. At this time also the computer applies a l read signal RS to gate G15 to determine the present mode of the stacker. Gate G15 is therefore enabled and produces an output signal 310 which is applied to one of the inputs of each of the AND gates G25, G26, G27 and G28, which when gated, send signals to the computer. Since switches CR15-2 and CRl8-1 are closed at this time, gates G25 and G28 are enabled and send cycle complete" and reset signals, respectively, to the computer. It will be assumed that there is no load on elevator 22 at this time,-so that switch CRl7-1 (FIG. 3A) is open and G27 is not gated.
The computer responds to the cycle complete" signal by sending a clear signal CLR together with the code signal CS to the gate G13 so that the latter is enabled and produces an outputsignal in line 304, which resets the twelve bit Address" register 302 and the enable flip flop 306. Normally, when a pluraity of successive commands are being fed to the stacker by the computer, the cycle complete" signal appears only momentarily, each time the fork mechanism retracts back onto the elevator 22 after a pickup or deposit operation, or just long enough to reset the register 302 and the flip flop 308. At this time, however, power has not yet been applied to the stacker logic circuitry, (i.e., switch SPON (FIG. 38) has not yet been pushed closed) so that the energizing voltage for relays CR and CRIS continues to be applied through switches CR53-l and CR53-2 (FIG. 3C). The prolonged energization of relay CRIS, and the consequent energization of relay CR18, indicates to the computer that the stacker power must be reset or turned on by pushing switch SPON. This reset condition, which may be indicated at the'computer by a print out or other visual indicator means, will occur whenever relay CRIS is energized.
For purposes of explanation, it will be assumed that the empty stacker is positioned between the load stations 26, and that it is desired to pick up a loaded pallet from the left hand station 26 (FIG. 2), and to place this pallet in the right hand rack 24 in a bin 29 which is the fourth bin up from ground level in the fourth column of bins down the aisle from stations 26. To perform these operations, the computer is programmed to instruct the stacker to perform two successive cycles; the first cycle comprising picking up the load from the left station 26, and the second comprising depositing the load in the selected bin. A cycle complete signal is generated at the end of each of these cycles.
The operator now closes the stacker Power On switch SPON to energize the main control relay MC from the line L1 through the normally-closed stacker Power On switch SPOF and switch SPON. This closes a holding switch MC-2 to maintain the relay MC energized upon release of the switch SPON, and closes switch MC-l to supply power to the stacker logic through leads 4L1, 4L2 and 4L3. These leads then remain energized until relay MC is deenergized, for example by the manual opening of switch MPP, or by a conventional safety circuit (not ilustrated). Instantly the Power On relay CR53 (FIG. 3C) is energized from line Ll through the holding switch MC-2, line 35 and relay CR53 to ground, thereby opening the switches CR53-l and CR53-2 and removing the signal from wiper contact 204'. This deenergizes the cycle complete relay CRIS, thereby opening switches CRIS-2 (FIG. 3A) and CRIS-l. (FIG. 3C) and deenergizing resetrelay CRIS-1 so that both the cycle complete and reset signals are removed from the computer input.
When the cycle complete and reset signals are removed the computer initiates the first of the two above-noted cycles by applying a load signal LS together with a code signal CS to the inputs of gate G14 (FIG. 3A), at the same time that it applies the programmed address signals to selected ones of the gates G1-G12. Gate G14 is thus enabled, producing a signal in line 308, which simultaneously enables those of gates G1 through G12 which are receiving address signals from. the computer, and sets flip flop 306 to energize the stacker enabling relay CR13. Relay CR13 then closes its switches CR 13-1 and CRl3-2 (FIG. 3C).
At this time,-since the stacker is already in position to pick up a load from station 26, it need not be moved before picking upthe load; and consequently no signals are present on any of the address signal lines ASl through A81 1, whereby'relays CR1 through CRll remain deenergized. However, at this time the computer does apply a signal to line AS12 (FIG. 3A) to energize relay CRI2 to program the forks 23 for movement left. Relay CR12 closes switch CR12-l (FIG. 3C) and opens CRl2-2 to energize the forks left" relay CR48 on the positive half cycle of the voltage in line L] through CR13-1, CRl2-1 diode D6, line 203, wiper 203, diode D7 and CR48 to ground. With relay CR48 energized, its switch CR48-l (FIG. 3D) will be closed to energize converter 903. Since at this time there is no load on the elevator 22, switch PC3-l (FIG. 3D) will be open, and converter 906 deenergized.
Also at this time the switches which are illustrated as controlling motors LM, VM and HM (FIG. 3F) are open, so these motors remain in their deenergized, braked mode. Moreover, the now-energized line 4L1 energizes a transformer TR2 (FIG. 3B), and direct current power supplies PS-l and PS-2 (FIG. 3F) and PS-9 (FIG. 3D). The output of the transformer TR2 supplies power for the vertical crossover wires VCW (FIG. 3B); the power supplies PS-l and PS-2 provide, respectively, positive and negative 24 volt power supplies for the stacker motor circuits (FIG. 3F); and the power supply PS9 supplies a negative 125 volts DC for the stacker logic illustrated in FIGS. 3D and E. The power supply PS-l also has its output connected to the vertical wiper track 183 as shown in FIG. 3B.
The now-energized power supply PS-9 applies an I input signal through a pair of normally-closed switches PCI and PC2 (FIG. 3D) to a converter 911 in the stacker solid state logic. This produces an output signal MM in the logic to indicate that the bin testing system is ready. Switches PCI' and PC2 are controlled by photoelectric cell units PCI and PC2 (FIG. 3C), which are adaptd to be energized selectively through normally-open relay switches CR76-1 and CR78-l from line 4L1. These units, which are conventional, are mounted on the left and right hand sides, respectively, of elevator 22 to detect the presence or absence of a load in a selected bin, or on one of the loading stations, to prevent 'the stacker from attempting to deposit a load in a filledbin or station. Whenever either unit PCl or PC2 is energized from line 4L1 to perform a testing operation, the corresponding switch PCl' or PC2, respectively, is opened. The normally-open switches PCI-l and PC2-1, however, which are in parallel with one another, and in series with the converter 908 (FIG. 3D), are closed only when the light fromthe lamp associated therewith is reflected ontothe photoelectric cell of the particular unit during conduction of a test.
At this time the power On relay switches CR53-3 (FIG. 3C) and CR53-4 are closed to enable the transmission of signals between the stacker and console through the wipers 204, and 205. Also, as previously noted, relay CRl3 has been energized by signals from the computer, so that its switches CR13-l and CR13-2 (FIG. 3C) are closed. Consequently, on the positive half cycle of the voltage in line Ll, power is applied through these switches, a diode D8, line 205, wiper 205', switch CR53-4, line 39, diode D9 and both relays CR50 and CRSl to ground. Relay CR51 then closes its switches CRSl-l and CR51-2 (FIG. 3F) so that signals may be sent the horizontal and vertical motor controllers I-IMC and VMC as noted hereinafter. Also, since 9 the stacker travel enabling relay CR50 is now energized, its normally-closed switches CR50-1 and CR50- 2 (FIG. 3B) are opened; its switches CR50-3 and CR50-4 are closed to enable address voltages to be applied from selectors I-IVS and VVS to the inputs 40 and 41 of the horizontal comparator HVC and vertical comparator VVC through the normally-closed switches CR79-I and CR79-2, respectively; and switch CR50-5 (FIG. 3D) is closed to energize converter 910.
At this time, however, none of the address relays CRI-CRII are energized, so that lines 201 and 202 apply ground potential to the comparator inputs 40 and 41. Since the stacker is between stations 26 with its elevator in its lowermost position (FIG. 3B), the inputs 30 and 31 of the comparators I-IVC and VVC are also at ground potentials.
The comparators I-IVC and VVC (FIG. 3B) operate in known manner to control relays CR46, CR47 and CR4ll, CR42, respectively, which are connected to their outputs. When the inputs to either comparator are equal, there is no signal at the output of the comparator, and consequently neither of its relays CR46, CR47 or CR4I or CR42 is energized. If the inputs to a comparator HVC or VVC are different, an output signal is produced to energize one of its output relays. For the horizontal comparator I-IVC, if the address signal or voltage on input 40 is greater than (more positive with respect to) the signal on input 30, the relay CR46 will be energized to energize the horizontal or trolley motor HM (FIG. 3F) in a direction to drive the stacker away from stations 26 and toward stations 27. Merely for purposes of description, this will be referred to as the forward direction of travel of the stacker. Conversely, if the voltage on line 30 is greater than on the input line 40, the relay CR47 will be energized and the stacker will travel in a reverse direction (toward stations 26).
When the address voltage on the vertical comparator input 41 (FIG. 3B) is greater than that on line 31 the relay CR4I is energized to cause the elevator to be driven upwardly; and when the voltage on line 31 exceeds the voltage on line 41, the relay CR42 is energized to drive theelevator downwardly.
Referring now to FIG. 3F, CR39 and CR44 represent two relays, which control what may be definedv as the coarse and fine feed operations of the vertical and horizontal motors VM and HM. When the two relays CR39 and CR44 are deenergized, the horizontal and vertical motors HM and VM are in coarse control and will operate at high speeds to move the stacker and elevator, respectively, rapidly toward a selected designation; and when these two relays are energized, the motors HM and VM are switched from coarse to fine control mode in which they operate slowly to bring the stacker and elevator precisely to the desired destination. During coarse control predetermined direct current voltages are applied to the horizontal and vertical motor controllers HMC and VMC (FIG. 3F); but during fine control variable signals are applied to the inputs of the controllers from the sensing heads III-ID and UVHD, LVI-ID (FIG. 38) on the stacker. These heads develop signals only when moved relative to their associated wires I-ICW and VCW. and during coarse" control they have no effect on the con trollers I-IMC and VMC. When input signals, either coarse" or fine, are applied to the controllers HMC and VMC, the reversible motors I-IM (FIG. 3F) and VM are rotated in one direction or the other, depending upon the polarity of the input signals. Moreover, whenever the horizontal motor HM is energized, the controller HMC energizes a horizontal tachometer relay CR45;and when the motor VM is energized, controller VMC energizes a vertical tachometer relay CR40. Relays CR45 and CR40 control normally-closed switches CR45-1 and CR40-1 (FIG. 3D) in a zero center control circuit.
At this time relays CR39 and CR44 (FIG. 3F) are energized from the power supply PS4 through the normally-closed switches CR41-l and CR42-1, and the normally-closed switches CR46-1 and CR47-1, respectively, and relays CR40 and CR45 are deenergized. Consequently, the switches CR39-1, CR40-1, CR45-1 and CR44-1 (FIG. 3D) are closed, so that voltage is applied from PS-9 to the input of the stacker converter 909. Also switches CR39-2 and CR44-2 (FIG. 3F) are open to isolate controllers VMC and HMC from the DC power supplies PS-I and PS-2, and switches CR39- 3 and CR44-3 are closed to enable signals developed by the head III-ID to be applied-through switches CR44-3 and CR5l-2 to the input of controller HMC and to enable signals from head UVHD to be applied through CR71-1, CR39-3 and CRSl-l to the input of controller VMC. Since the stacker 20 is now motionless in the position illustrated in FIG. 38, its horizontal head I-IHD registers with the null HO of the horizontal wires HCW, and its upper vertical head UVI-ID is in registry with the lowermost null VNL of the vertical wires VCW. As a result, no sensing signals are developed in these heads by the associated wires, and consequently at this time there are no input signals to the horizontal and vertical controllers HMC and VMC. The vertical and horizontal motors VM and HM therefore remain deenergized.
At this time the fork mechanism 23 is in its retracted or centered position on elevator 22, where it holds closed two limit switches FC-1 and FC-2 (FIG. 3D), which therefore complete a signal input circuit from the power supply PS9 to the converter 907. At this time, therefore, the converters 903, 907, 909 910 and 911 (FIGS. 3D and 315) are receiving input signals. Converter 903 produces the signal in line AA, which indicates to stacker 20 that its fork mechanism 23 is to 'be moved to the left, when actuated. Converter 911 produces the signal MM, which indicates that the bin sensor device is ready. Converters 907 and 909 now produce the forks-centered signal FF and the stackercentered signal DD, respectively (FIGS. 3D and E).
Signal FF is applied to the input of a memory element M1, which controls the mode of the fork mechanism 23 by preparing it for either a retract or an extend operation. Although signal FF tends to place M1 in its extend mode, it is already in this mode as a result of having received an initial setting signal on line from a unit reset device U1, which is energized from the power supply PS-9 when the stacker switch SPON (FIG. 3B) is depressed. Each time it is pulsed, the reset U1 (FIG. 3E) also resets the step memories SI and S2, the memory M2, the sealed AND element A15 to produce the output signals in lines 1 19 (FIG. 3D), GG, 129 and 150, respectively. The timer elements of the logic illustrated in FIGS. 3D and E are also reset upon the appearance of the signal 110 to produce signals in lines 124 and 122 at the output of the timers T2 and T4, respectively.
At this time unit S1 (FIG. 3D), which controls the energization of the upper and lower heads UVHD and LVl-ID (FIGS. 38 and 3F) by the solenoid CR71 (FIG. 3D), has its output signal along line 118 blocked, which therefore prevents the energization of the relay CR71, so that its normally-closed switch CR71-1 (FIG. 3F) remains 'closed to maintin the upper vertical head UVI-ID energized, while the switch CR71-2 remains open to deenergize the lower vertical head LVI-ID. With the upper head energized, the elevator 22 is maintained in its lower position with respect to the two different positions it assumes for picking up and depositing, respectively.
Signal FF also blocks the output of the NOT element N2 (FIG. 3D) and gates the AND/NOT element A'l to produce the output signal in line 121. For the first two seconds after the stacker switch SPON (FIG. 3B) is closed, the resulting signal FF combines with the input signal 124 at the AND/NOT unit A2 (FIG. 3E) to produce an output signal in line 127 that momentarily energizes the cycle complete relay CR73. Signal FF is also applied to the input of the two-second time delay element T2, so that approximately two seconds after T2 is actuated, the latter is gated to produce the output signal in line 147, and to block the output signal from line 124. This removes the signal from line 124 to the input to element A2, and causes this element to switch its mode, thus blocking any output signal to line 127 and deenergizing relay CR73, and producing instead at A2 an output signal through line 154. This pulsing of the cycle complete relay CR73 occurs each time that the forks-centered signal FF is generated at the completion of a cycle, when the forks retract back onto the center of the elevator. This pulse causes the momentary closing of the switch CR73-1 (FIG. 3C) so that a cycle complete signal can be transmitted from line 4L1, upon the negative half cycle of its voltage, through switch CR73 1, diode D4, the now-closed switch CR53-3, the brush contact 204' and its associated conductor 204, thediode D2 and the relay CRIS to ground. This, as noted above, momentarily closes switch CR15-2 (FIG. 3F) to send a cycle complete signal to the computer.
The output signal in line 154 (FIG. 3E) from the element A2 is applied with the signal DD (FIGS. 3D and 3E) to the AND element A14 (FIG. 3D) to produce an output signal in line 107, which gates the OR element 03 to produce an output signal in line 130. The pick up" signal G6 is applied to the input of the OR element to produce an output signal in line 131, which appears with the signal' in line 130 at the input of the AND element A8. The energized converter 910 is producing the stacker enabling signal PP in the stacker logic, thereby completing the input signals (150, 154, PP) to the AND element A13, thus gating this element and producing a signal in line 152. Signal 152 completes the input signals (130, 131, 152) to element A8, which is thus gated to produce the input signal 133 for the timer T5. Approximately 5 seconds later this timer is gated producing an output signal in line 148, which is applied to the inputs of the AND elements All and A12. Since at this time the forks are not extended, there is no input signal EE for the NOT element N1, so that this element has an output signal EE', which completes the input signals AA, .88, and EE' to the AND element A3, thus gating this element and producing an output signal in line 134, which gates the OR element 01. This produces an output signal in line 142, which is applied to the input of the element All. At this time the bin sensor ready signal MM is applied to the inputs of the AND elements A11 and A12. This completes the input signals (I42, 148, MM) to element All, which is therefore gated producing the output signal 144, which energizes the forks left relay CR74 in the stacker logic.
The stacker now begins to operate because relay CR74 closes switch CR74-1 (FIG. SC) to energize the forks left relay LR from the line 4L1 through switches CR74-1, to normally closed right relay switch RR-2, and relay LR to ground. The relay LR closes the switch LR-l (FIG. 3F) to energize the reversible motor LM in a direction to drive the'associated fork mechanism 23 out of the left hand side of the elevator 22 and beneath the load on the left hand loading station 26.
As the fork mechanism 23 moves out of the left side of the elevator, it allows the fork center switches FC-1 and FC-2 (FIG. 3D) to open, thus removing the input to the converter 907 and blocking the output signal FF, so that during the time that the forks are not centered on the elevator 22, the NOT element N2 has an output signal FF, which energizes the relay CR79, reversing its associated switches C R79-1, CR79-2, CR79-3 and CR79-4 from the positions illustrated in FIG. 3B and holding these switches in their reversed positions. This shunts the two input signals to each of the horizontal and vertical voltage comparators HVC and VVC to prevent energization of any of the relays CR41, CR42, CR46 and CR47 during the lateral movement of the fork mechanism.
The signal FF also is applied to the inputs of elements A4 and A6, neither of which is gated at this time; and signal FF also gates the OR elements 06 and 03 to produce signals in lines 146 and 130, respectively. The signal in line 130 already exists at this time because of the presence of a signal in line 107, which is not blocked upon the removal of signal FF from elements T2 and A2. The reason for this is that although signal 124 now reappears at the input to A2, the latter is not gated because signal FF is missing, therefore signal 154 remains to keep element A14 gated.
When. the fork mechanism 23 has extended completely under the load it closes the forks-left limit switch 'FLL (FIG. 3C) to energize the forks-extended relay CR52 from of said carrier relative to said supports, through switch FL L and relay CR52 to ground. The relay switch CR52-l' (FIG. 3D) is thus closed to apply an input signal from the power supply PS-9 to the converter 905 in the stacker logic. This produces the 1 fork-extended signal EE, which blocks the signal EE' to deenergize element 01 to All, and the relays CR74 and LR. This stops the fork mechanism 23 in its extended position.
Signal EE also'appears simultaneously at the input to the timer T1 and the amplifier SAl (FIG. 3D). There is a delay of four seconds before the timer TI is gated, and during this period the amplifier SAl applies an output signal to line 113, which gates the step memory S1 to block its output signal to line 119, and to produce instead an output signal in line 1 18, which energizes the head control relay CR71 to open switch CR71-1 (FIG. 3F) and to close switch CR71-2, so that the upper vertical head UVI-ID becomes deenergized, and the lower vertical head LVI'ID is instead energized. Since it is not precisely in registry with the vertical null V1, the lower head now develops a signal which, causes the elevator 22 to move slightly upwardly in a known manner unitl the lower vertical head LVI-ID registers with the null VI-I, at which time the elevator stops. This slight upward movement, which takes slightly less than four seconds, is sufficient to cause the fork mechanism 23 to engage and lift the loaded pallet slightly off of the loading station 26.
Shortly after the load is lifted, the timer Tl times out, and is gated to produce an output signal in line 112 (FIG. 3D), which switches the mode of the memory M1 to block its output signal BB, and to produce the retract signal BB, which is applied to the inputs of the AND elements A4 and A6. This causes the AND element A6 to be gated, therefore producing an output signal in line 137, which gates the OR element 02 to produce an input signal in line 143 to element A12.
This completes the input signals (143, 148, MM) to the element A12, which therefore energizes the forks-right 4L2 and 4L3 in the reverse direction. The now-loaded fork mechanism 23 then begins to retract toward the right onto the elevator.
As shown in FIG. 3D, during travel of the forks either to the left or to the right in response to the output signals in line 144 or 145, the OR element 010 is gated to produce an output signal in line 156, which is applied to the input of a time delay element T8, which has a delay of approximately ten seconds before it is gated to produce an output signal in line 157. Under normal operation this output signal is not generated. If, however onstruction such as a misplaced load should prevent the fork mechanism 23 from completing its movement either outwardly, or rearwardly back onto the elevator, within the ten second period, the timer T8 will be gated to produce a signal in line 157, which will gate an OR element 08 to energize a bin-reject realy CR7 in a manner which will be described in more detail below.
After the loadis picked up from the loading station, and during the retraction of the load back onto the elevator, and switch FLL (FIG. 3C) reopens to remove signal EE (FIG. 3D); and the lamp for the photoelectric cell PC3 (FIG. 3B) is blocked, therefore deenergizing the photocell and permitting its switch PCS-l (FIG. 3D) to close to complete the input signal to the converter 906 from the power supply PS9. This produces the signal NN indicating the presence of a load on the fork mechanism but at this time (during retraction) the input signal FF to the element Al is missing, so that the latter element is not gated. The signal NN does gate at this time the OR element 06 to maintain the signal in line 146 at the inputs to the step. memory units S1 and S2; but this has no effect on these units at this time.
When the fork mechanism finally returns in loaded condition to the center of the elevator, it once again closes the fork center switches FC-1 and FC-2 (FIG. 3D) to apply an input signal to the converter 907, thereby producing an output signal FF, and blocking the output signal FF of the NOT element N2. This removes the input signal FF'from the element A6, thereby deenergizing the'forks-right relay CR75- to stop the lateral motor LM. The removal of signal FF also deenergizes the relay CR79 so that the inputs to the horizontal and vertical voltage comparators I-IVC and VVC are no longer shunted. Also at this time the As noted above, during the two second interval it takes before the timer T2 is gated, the element A2 is momentarily gated to block its output signal 154, and to produce an output signal in line 127, which momentarily energizes the cycle-complete relay CR73. Also, since the load-present signal NN is present, when the loaded fork mechanism returns to the center of the elevator, the AND/OR element Al is also gated to remove the output signal from line 121, and to develop instead an output signal in line 120. Signal 121 is removed in time to prevent the gating of the sealed AND element A15. Also, the removal of signal 121 from the input to the step memory S1 has no effect on the latter, which isalready in the mode that produces a signal in line 118. The blocking of signal through line 121 to the input of the step memory S2, on the other hand, switches the mode of this element from pickup to deposit, by blocking the output signal GG, and producing instead a signal GG. The signal in line energizes the load present relay CR72; and the signal FF switches the memory M1 to block its output signal BB and to produce instead the output signal BB.
When the relays CR72 and CR73 are thus energized, they send signals from the stacker to the remote console to indicate that the stacker is loaded and ready to travel to the selected bin into which the load is to be deposited. The relay CR72 closes switch CR72-1 (FIG. 3C) to apply the voltage of line 4L1, on the negative half cycle thereof, through the switch CR72-1, a diode D11, the line 39, the now-closed switch CR53-4, the brush 205 and its associated conductor 205, the diode D12, and through the load-present or load-aboard relay CR17 in the console to ground, thus energizing relay CR17.
Also on the negativehalf cycle thereof, the voltage in line 4L1 is applied through the now-closed switch CR73-l (FIG. 3C), the diode D4, now-closed switch CR53-3, the brush 204 and its associated conductor 204, and through the diode D2 and the cycle-complete relay CR15 in the console to ground.
Relays CR15 and CR17 close their associated switches CR15-1, CR15-2 and CR17-1 (FIGS. 3A and 3C), to energize the timer unit TD1 (FIG. 3C) and to apply cycle complete and load aboard" signals to gates G25 and G27 (FIG. 3A). The computer then sends the clear signal CLR (FIG. 3A), which resets or clears the register 302 and the enable flip-flop 306. By this time the time-delay period for element T2 (FIG. 3E) has expired, and a signal in line 147 appears at its output, thereby blocking the signal in line 124 so that element A2 is no longer gated, thereby blocking a sigcludes the load signal LS and code signal CS to enable gate G14, plus the address signals A81, A82 (vertical) and AS9 (horizontal). Since the forks are to be extended to deposit in the right hand rack, the signal AS12 is not present. Since the enabling signal in line 308 is present, gates G1, G2 and G9 are enabled and cause relays CR1, CR2 and CR9 to become energized, thereby reversing the positions of their associated switches in the vertical and horizontal selectors VVS and HVS (FIG. 3B), and as indicated by the charts in FIGS. 4 and 5, producing a potential of three volts on line 202, and four volts on line 201.
The enabling signal in line 308 has again set flip flop 306 so that relay CR l3 is energized, and so that its switches CR13-1 and CRl3-2 (FIG. 3C) are closed. Since relay CR12 is not energized at this time, on its negative half cycle the voltage in line Ll will energize the forks-right relay CR49 from the line Ll through the now-closed switches CR13-1 (FIG. 3C), CR12-2, the diode D13, the conductor 203 and its associated brush 203 on the stacker 20, the diode D14 and the relay CR49 to ground. This closes the associated switch CR49-1 (FIG. 3D) to energize the stacker converter 904 from the power supply PS -9, thus producing the output signal CC in the stacker logic. Similarly the stacker travel relay CR50 will be energized through switch CR13-2, etc., so that signals may be applied from the voltage selector HVS and VVS to the comparator inputs 40 and 41.
Since the voltage which is applied through line 201.
to the comparator input line 40 (FIG. 3B) is approxi mately four volts greater than, or positive with respect to, the ground potential, which is at this time applied by the horizontal wiper HW to the other input lead 30 of the comparator HVC, this positive voltage differential causes the forward" relay CR46 of this comparatorto be energized/Also, since the voltage applied by the conductor 202 and its associated wiper contact 202' to the input lead 41 of the vertical voltage comparator VVC also is approximately three volts greater than the ground potential which is presently applied to the other input terminal 31 of this comparator by the vertical wiper VW, the up relay CR41 of the vertical comparator VVC is energized.
The now-energized relays CR46 and CR41 cause their associated switches CR46-l, CR46-2, CR41-1 and CR41-2 to be reversed from the positions illustrated in FIG. 3F, thereby deenergizing the relays CR39 and CR44. These latter relays in turn permit their switches CR39-l and CR44-1 (FIG. 3D) to return to their normally-open positions, thereby opening the zero center circuit, and removing the input to the converter 909 in the stacker logic. Also at this time switch CR41-3 (FIG. 3F) is closed, and CR41-4 is open, so that a positive, coarse, twenty-four volt signal is applied from the power supply PS-l through the now-closed switches CR41-3, CR39-2 and CRSl-l to the input of the vertical controller VMC. This positive voltage energizes the vertical motor up relay VMU. Also at this time switch CR46-3 is closed and CR46-4 is open, so that a positive, coarse, twenty-four volt signal is applied from power supply PS-l through switch CR46-3, CR44-2 and CR51-2 to the horizontal controller I-IMC, which in turn energizes the horizontal motor forward relay HMF.. At this time, and whenever the stacker is in coarse control (i.e., relays CR44 and CR39 deen-' ergized), the switches CR44-3 and CR39-3 are open so that the signals developed by the heads HHD and UVHD or LVHD, cannot be applied to the associated controller l-IMC or VMC. The relay switches VMU-l and HMF-l now close to energize the vertical and horizontal motors VM and HM in the up and forward directions, respectively. Accordingly, the trolley and elevator sections of the stacker travel simultaneously toward the selected bin (4X4). During this stacker movement the tachometer relays CR40 and CR45 (FIG. 3F) are energized so that their switches CR40-l and CR45-1 (FIG. 3D) are held open.
When the carriage or trolley 21 has moved far enough down the aisle to register approximately with the fourth column of bins in each rack, its horizontal wiper I-IW (FIG. 38) moves into contact with the fourth conductor away from the conductor 200-0 in the horizontal wiper track 200, so that the wiper HW will apply through the line 30 a voltage that is equal to the four volts then being applied by the address selector HVS through line 40 to the other input of the comparator HVC. Consequently the forward relay CR46 once again becomes deenergized. Similarly, when the elevator 22 has traveled upwardly far enough to register approximately with the fourth row of bins, its wiper VW engages the third conductor up from the lowermost conductor 184-1 in the vertical wiper track 183, whereby the input voltage supplied by the line 31 to the vertical voltage comparator VVC will be identical with the voltage then being applied by the line 41 to the other input terminal of this comparator from the address selector VVS. At this time the up relay CR41 will therefore become deenergized. Consequently the relays CR39 and CR44 (FIG. 3F) once again become energized so that the coarse, positive, 24 volt inputs to the horizontal and vertical controllers l-IMC and VMC are removed by the opening of the switches CR45-3, CR41-3, CR44-2 andCR39-2.
At this moment both the trolley and elevator sections of the stacker are moving so that signals are developed in the heads I-IHD (FIG. 3B) and LVI-ID by the associated wire systems I-ICW and VCW. Moreover, since relays CR39 (FIG. 3F) and CR44 are energized, these signals are fed through the now-closed switches CR39- .3 and CRSl-l to the input of the vertical motor controller VMC, and through switches CR44-3 and CRSl- 2 to the input of the horizontal motor controller l-IMC so that the horizontal and vertical motors HM and VM are now controlled by the head signals as in U. S. letters Pat. No. 3,349,303, issued Oct. 24, 1967 to Burch and Burnight. The heads I-II-ID. and LVI-ID cause the carriage and elevator'to stop in exact registry with the selected bin (4X4) in rack 24, Moreover, since the motors HM and VM have stopped, the associated tachometer relays CR45 and CR40 have become deenergized.
The preceding operations of the motors HM qnd VM need not, of course, always terminate simultaneously. I.e., either motor I-IM or VM may halt in advance of the other, assuming the associated trolley or elevator section reaches its destination in 'advance'of the other sectron.
At this time switches CR39-l, CR44-1 and CR45-1 (FIG. 3D) are closed, so that power is applied to converter 909. This developes the zero-center signal DD, and initiates a test to determine whether or not the selected bin is empty. The signal .DD completes the input signals in lines 154, DD to element A14 which there fore is gated to produce the signal in line 107, which gates element 03. This produces a signal in line 130, which is applied to the inputs of elements A8, and T4. Element A4 is not gated at this time, but after approximately one second delay, T4 is gated to block the signal from line 122 and generate a signal in line 123. The removal of the signal from line 122 blocks the output signal in line 155 from element 09; and the signal in line 123 completes the input signals (GG', 147, 123) needed to gate the AND element A7, which produces the output signal in line 132 that is applied to the input of the AND element A10. The memory M2 is still producing the signal in line 129 (until its mode is switched by an input signal in line 117), so that the input signals (12?, 132, CC) to A are completed, and A10 is gated to produce the test signal in line 139.
The signal in line 139' gates the OR element 04 to apply an input signal through line 140 to the time delay unit T3, and simultaneously energizes the right-bin-test relay CR78. Relay CR78 immediately closes switch CR78-ll (FIG. 3C) to energize the reflex photoelectric cell PC2 (FIG. 3C) at the right side of the elevator from line 4L1 through switch CR78-1 and the unit PC2 to ground. This opens switch PC2 (FIG. 3D) to deenergize converter 911 and to remove signal MM from the stacker logic to prevent actuation of the fork mechanism during the test period. There is approximately a two second time delay before the signal in line 140 gates the unit T3 to product a reject signal in line 141. During this interval the selected bin is tested by the unit PC2. If the selected bin is already occupied by a loaded pallet, the light from the lamp in unit PC2 is not reflected onto the associated photo cell, and consequently the unit PC2 is not actuated at this time; but if the selected bin is empty, the reflected light from the associated lamp does actuate the cell PC2 to close its associated switch PC2-l as noted in more detail below.
Assuming that the selected bin (4X4) is full, and that the photocell unit PC2 is not actuated, the time delay element T3 will be gated after the expiration of the two second time interval, producing the reject signal in line 141, which gates the OR element 08 to apply an actuating signal through line 149 to the bin-reject relay CR77. Relay CR77 now closes its switch CR77-1 (FIG. 3C) to apply a reject signal from the stacker to the console on the positive half cycle of the voltage in the line 4L1 through the switch CR77-1, a diode D15, switch CR53-3, the wiper contact 204 and its associated conductor 204, and through the diode D3 and the binreject relay CR16 in the console to ground. Relay CR16 closes switch CR16-l (FIG. 3A) to apply an input signal to gate G26, which at this time also receives a signal through line 310 so that a bin reject signal is sent to the computer. i
When the computer receives the reject signal it indicates to the operator in any desired manner (e.g. by operating a reject lamp or printing out a reject notice) that the selected bin is loaded, and that the computer must be reprogrammed to send the loaded stacker to another bin. At this time the computer is still receiving the load aboard signal from the output of gate G27 (FIG. 3A), memory S1 (FIG. 3D) is still in the mode in which it energizes relay CR71 to maintain the lower vertical head LVHD energized, and memory S2 is still in its deposit mode producing signal GG. Thus, assuming thata new program is entered in the computer calling, for example, for the load to be deposited in the left rather than the right bin, the computer would send,
together with the code signal CS, first the clear signal CLR to reset the register 302 and the flip flop 306. As soon as the enable flip flop 306 is reset, it deenergizes relays CR77 and CR78 so that the photo cell unit PC2 is deenergized, and the cycle reject relay CR16 is consequently deenergized. Then the computer sends the load signal LS together with the new address signals,
which would include signal A512 to effect energization of relay CR12 (FIG. 3A), and consequent energization of the .left deposit relay CR48 in a manner that will be apparent from the above disclosure. Since the stacker is already at its newly programmed destination, the bin test photo cell unit PCl is energized to check whether or not the left bin is loaded. If the new address had necessitated movement of the stacker to a new bin, this movement would, of course, occur before the bin testing step.
Assuming that when the stacker reached the originally programmed bin 4X4 the bin was empty, and that no reject signal was developed in the logic, the photocell PC2 would have been energized by light reflected back from the selected bin before the time delay element T3 had had an opportunity to be gated. In this case the switch PC2-1 (FIG. 3D) closes before timer T3 is gated. This applies an input signal to the converter 908, which produces the binempty signal PM in the stacker logic, thereby gating the OR element 07 to produce a signal in line 117, which reverses the mode of the memory M2 to block the signal from line 129, and to produce instead a signal in line 128. The blocking of the signal from line 129 removes the input signal in line 140 from timer T3 before the latter is gated, and also effects the deenergization of relay CR78 and the photo cell unit PC2. I I
The signal in line 128 now gates the OR element 05 to produce the input signals (130, 131, 152) to element A8, which is gated to produce the input signal through line 133 for the time delay elementTS, which has a one second delay to permit stabilization of the logic signals before the forks are advanced. The time T5 thus is gated to produce a signal in line 148, which is applied to the input of the AND element A12. Since the photocell unit PC2 is deenergized, switch PC2 has reclosed so that the bin-sensor-ready signal MM (FIG. 3D) is also present at the input to A12. At this time, the AND element A5 is gated by the input signals in lines CC, BB and EE', thereby producing the output signal in line 136, which gates theOR element 02. This produces a signal in line 143, which completes the input signals (143, 148, MM) to the element A12, which is gated to produce the signal in line 145, which energizes the forks right relay CR75. The loaded forks are thus extended out of the right side of the elevator into the empty bin.
When the forks are fully extended, they close the forks-right limit ,switch FRL to energize the forksextended relay CR52 (FIG. 3C) from line 4L1. This closes switch CR52-l (FIG. 3D) to apply a signal to the converter 905, thus developing the signal BE in the stacker logic. This blocks the NOT element N1 to remove signal EE', therefore blocking element A5 and deenergizing relay CR to stop the forks. The signal EE then actuates the signal amplifier SAl to switch the mode of memory S1 and deenergize relay CR71. The
fork 23 then deposits the load in the selected bin. After,
the elevator has dropped slightly to deposit the load in the bin, the reenergized head UVl-ID homes out at the selected null point on wires VCW, and the timer T1 is gated to effect return of the empty fork mechanism to the center of the elevator. When the shuttle 23 is fully retracted it momentarily develops the cyclecomplete signal in line 127.
At this time, there is no load aboard the elevator so that the photo cell unit PC3 is energized and switch PCS-1 (FIG. 3D) is held open, therefore deenergizing converter 906 and removing signal NN from the stacker logic. This deenergizes relay CR72 and opens switch CR72-1 (FIG. 3C) so that the load aboard relay CR17 is deenergized, thereby blocking gate G27 and removing the load aboard signal from the computer. Since the stacker is motionless, converter 909 is energized; the forks are centered so that converter 907 is energized; the bin sensors are ready so that converter 911 is energized, and the momentary application of the cycle complete signal to the computer from gate G25 signals the computer to send another address to the stacker.
In a manner that will be apparent from the above description, the computer then transmits another address to the register 306 (FIG. 3A). Since the stacker is unloaded at this'time, the new address must, of course, amount to an instruction to pick up a load from one of the bins or from one of the loading stations 26 or 27. Assuming that the new address is to pick up a load from the bin which is the second bin up in the second column of bins down the aisle from the loading stations 26, the relays CR4 (vertical) (FIG. 3A) and CR (horizontal) will be energized to apply, for example, two volts to the input lead 40 of the horizontal comparator HVC, and one volt to the input line 41 of the vertical comparator VVC. v
Since at this time the horizontal and vertical wipers HW and VW engage the four and three volt conductors, respectively, in the horizontal and vertical wipe'r tracks 200 and 183, respectively, the voltage inputs in the lines 30 and 31 are greater than, or positive with respect to, the voltages applied to the respective comparators by the leads 40 and 41. Consequently the reverse and the down relays CR47 and CR42 (FIG. 3B), respectively, are energized by the comparators to open switches CR42-l (FIG. 3F) and CR47-2, thus deenergizing the relays CR39 and CR44. This applies a coarse, negative voltage from the power supply PS-2 through the now-closed switches CR47-3, CR46-4, CR44-2 to the horizontal motor controller HMC, and through the switches CR 42-3, CR41-4, CR39-2 and CRSl-l to the vertical controller VMC, respectively. These negative input voltages cause the energization of the reverse and down relays l-IMR and VMD, thereby closing switches HMR-l and VMD-l in the horizontal andvertical motor circuits, respectively, so that the motors HM and VM are energized to cause the trolley 21 and elevator 22 to move simultaneously in the reverse and down directions, respectively. I
When the stacker elevator 22 is in proper registry with the selected bin (2X2), the zero center circuit is once again energized to provide a zero center signal DD in the stacker logic. This again gates the AND element A14, but does not result in the gating of the element A7, and the consequent energization of one of the bin testing relays CR76 and CR78, because at this time the step memory S2 is in its pickup mode, wherein it blocks the signal G6, which is necessary for the gating of element A7. Output signal GG, however, is present and gates the OR element 05 to complete the input signals to the element A8, which therefore actuates the timer unit T5 in a manner similar to that described above. Shortly thereafter the signal 148 appears at element A12, which is already receiving the bin-sensoryready signal MM, because neither bin testing photoe- I lectric cell PCl nor PC2 are energized at this time. Also the signals CC, BB, and EE' are present at this time to gate the element A5, which in turn gates the OR element 02 to complete the input signals (143, 148, MM) to element A12, which therefore energizes the forks-right relay CR75. The empty fork mechanism 23 then extends into the selected bin in the right hand rack to pick up the load and to return to the center of the elevator in the usual manner.
After the fork mechanism 23 has returned to the center of the elevator, a test is made to determine whether or not it picked up a load from the selected bin. This test is triggered by the pulsing of the cycle-complete relay CR74, which occurs each time the fork mechanism 23 is retracted onto the elevator.
Assuming that the fork mechanism did not pick up a load, the load present signal NN is not present when the fork mechanism has centered on the elevator. Consequently the element A'l is not gated to produce the loadpresent signal in line 120. Instead a signal through line 121 is produced simultaneously with the production of the cycle complete output signal 127 from the element A2. Also at this time, since the forks are elevated, the step memory S1 is producing an output signal in line 118, which appears momentarily with the signals in lines 121 and 127 at the input to the sealed AND element A15. This gates A15 to produce a signal in line 151, which gates the OR element 08 to energize the bin-reject relay CR77.
The appearance of the forks centered signal FF at the input of the NOT element N2 removes the output signal FF, and consequently blocks the output signal in line 146 from the OR element 06, since the other input signal NN (load-present signal) is not present at the element 06 at this time. The blocking of the signal from line 146 switches the mode of the step memory S1 to block the output signal in line 118 and to produce a signal in line 119, but not before the signal in line 118 has gated the sealed AND element A15. This deenergizes the head control relay CR71 so that the upper vertical head UVHD once again becomes energized through i the now-closed switch CR71- 1 (FIG. 3F). The elevator 22 is thus lowered slightly until the upper vertical head UVHD registers with the adjacent vertical null. point VN2, corresponding to the bin (second binup in the second column of bins) from 'which the fork mechanism 23 had attempted to remove a load. The elevator is thus automatically reset to a position in which the fork or shuttle will pass beneath a load to pick it up, the next time that the shuttle 23 is advanced out of the elevator. v
With the last-mentioned energization of the bin reject relay CR77, a reject signal is transmitted in the usual manner from the stacker 20 through its wiper contact 204' (FIG. 3C) to energize the reject relay CR16 in the console. This closes CR16-1 (FIG. 3A)
and enables gate G26, which then sends a reject signal to the computer. Any conventional means is then employed to alert the operator that the stacker failed to pick up a load and that a new pick up program is required.
Assuming that a load had in fact been retrieved from the second bin up in the second column of bins in the right hand rack (bin 2X2), the bin-empty reject signal would not have been produced by the logic. In such case, as the loaded forks return to the center of the elevator the forks-centered signal FF (FIG. 3D) is generated to cause momentary energization of the cycle complete relay CR73, and consequent gating of gate G (FIG. 3A) to send a cycle complete signal to the computer. Also now, the load present signal NN (FIG. 3D) is present in the stacker logic so that the OR element 06 is gated to maintain the input signal in line 146 for the step memories S1 and S2. At this time, however, the load-present and fork-centered signals NN and FF cause element Al to be gated to block the signal from line 121, thereby maintaining the memory S1 in the mode to produce an output signal in line 118, which holds the head control relay CR71 energized and the fork mechanism 23 in its upper position. The removal of the signal from line 121 also switches unit S2 into its deposit mode to block the output signal GG, and to produce instead the output signal GG'. Element All now produces the signal 120, which energizes the load-present relay CR72 so that gate G27 is enabled to advise the computer that there is a load aboard the stacker. 7
After the computer receives the cycle complete and load aboard signals, it transmits a deposit address to the register 302 (FIG. 3A) in a manner that will be apparent from the preceding discussion. If the computer has not been programmed for another address, the loaded stacker will remain motionless until a new address is entered in register 302. If there is another address in the computer ready for entry into the register 302, the new address will enter the register in the usual manner and cause the loaded stacker to travel to the new bin address. After arriving at the new bin,
the bin testing step will occur to determine whether or not the bin is empty. If so the stacker will deposit the load in the usual manner. On the other hand if the new bin is full, the bin reject gate G26 will be enabled to pass the reject signal to the computer, and to suspend operation of thestacker until a new address is received.
After the load has been deposited in one of the bins, or on one of the load stations 26 and 27, the load aboard gate G27 is disenabled, and the cycle complete gate G25 is once again enabled to inform the computer that the stacker is empty and ready for a pick up operation.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the computer-controlled stacker disclosed herein is designed to develop a cycle complete signal each time the forks 23 retract to their fully centeredpositions on the elevator 22. Each time thissignal occurs the computersends another address or command to the register 302, and hence to the stacker logic. These commands merely instruct the stacker to move to a particular bin or loading station, and initially to move the forks either to the right or left. The command does not include an instruction to pick up a load or to deposit a load at the destination. This pick up" or deposit operation is determined by the mode of the stacker at the time it reaches its addressed destination. If the stacker is already loaded it attempts to deposit the load by first testing the new bin to see if it is empty. If not, the reject signal is sent by gate G26 to the computer, indicating that the loaded stacker must be readdressed to an empty bin. Moreover, if the stacker attempts to pick up a load from an empty bin or loading station 26 or 27, the reject signal is produced and the elevator is automatially dropped slightly to its pick up" mode to be ready to pick up a load when a new address is received from the computer.
With this form of control the stacker can transfer loads directly from one bin to another, in the racks; or between the bins and loading stations, or can transfer loads directly between the loading stations 26 and 27 without first placing the load in one of the storage bins. This type of control also permits the stacker to remain in the aisle between the racks at the completion of a pick up or deposit command rather than requiring the stacker to return to a start position. Since the stacker can remain down the aisle between the racks after depositing a load in one of the racks, rather than having to return to the head of the aisle there is a saving in time of operation achieved, for the stacker does not have to return to a load station, and then travel away from that station again to pick up or deposit a load; it is already down the aisle, ready for a new pick-up or deposit operation. Thus, also, a considerable amount of wear and tear on the stacker is avoided.
A still further advantage of this type of control is that much information canbe stored in the computer and retrieved when desired. For example, if certain loads are to be removed from the racks and delivered to a transport vehicle, for instance, at some future time, the information may first be recorded in the computer, and at a future time when the transport arrives, the information can be transferred out of the computer to the register 302 to effect the necessary retrieval operations.
Another advantage is that, merely by using the five sliding brush contacts 201 through 205 on the stacker, together with their associated conductors 201 through 205, it is possible to program the stacker from any points remote therefrom even, for example, from a control room separate from the room containing the stacker 20 and the associated racks. At no time, after having pushed the stacker power-on button SPON, need the operator approach the control circuitry on the stacker itself in order to manipulate any of the switches manually,- as was the case in most prior stackers. Moreover, by sending more than one signal in opposite directions through the wiper contacts on the stacker to the associated conductors that lead to the remote console, both the cost and the complexity of the stacker control circuitry ,is reduced. Also, whenever power is removed from the logic circuitry on the stacker, for example by pushing button SPOF (FIG. 3B), or by triggering a conventional safety circuit (not illustrated) designed to deenergize relay MC (FIG. 3B), the Power On relay CR53 is instantly deenergized,
thereby causing switches CR53-l and CR53-2 to reclose. This will, as'noted above, result in energization of both the cycle complete and reset relays CRIS and CRIS to signal the computer operator that power is missing from the stacker logic.
Although the invention has been described in connection with the use of ten rows and columns of loading stations may be altered merely by applying a different vertical address voltage to line 41, when the stacker is between a pair of loading stations.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:
1. In an automatic warehousing system having a plurality of load supports,
a load carrier movable selectively into different transfer positions in which it registers with one of said supports,
a transfer device on said carrier extensible selectively out of either side thereof to pick up a load from, or to deposit a load onto, the registering support, control apparatus comprising means remote from said carrier for developing control signals therefor, including a pair of address signals for selecting the transfer position of the carrier, and a third signal for selecting the direction in which the transfer device is to extend during a transfer operation,
a first pair of conductors for transmitting said address signals from said remote means to said carrier, drive means on said carrier connected to said conductors and responsive to signals thereon to move said carrier to the transfer position represented by said address signals,
a third conductor for transmitting said third signal to said carrier,
said remote means including means for causing said third signal to have selectively one of two different polarities depending upon from which side of the carrier the transfer device is to be extended during a transfer operation, and
means on said carrier connected to said third conductor and operative during each transfer operation to cause said transfer device to be extended from one side of said carrier, when said third signal is positive, and to be extended from the opposite side of said carrier, when said third signal is negative.
2. An automatic warehousing system as defined in claim 1, including a fourth conductor connecting said remote means to said carrier,
means on said carrier for developing a cycle complete signal of predeterminedpolarity each time said transfer 'device moves from one to the other of its pick-up and deposit positions, respectively,
means on said carrier operative, prior to movement of said transfer device from its pick-up to its deposit position, to test for the presence of a load on the registering load support,
means to develop a reject signal having a polarity opposite to that of said cycle complete signal, when a load is detected on the last-named support bysaid testing means, and
means for transmitting both said cycle complete and said reject signals to said remote means on said fourth conductor.
3. An automatic warehousing system as defined in claim 2, including means on said carrier for sensing the presence of a load on said transfer device, and operative to generate a load aboard signal of predetermined polarity, when a load is present on said device,
a fifth conductor for transmitting said load aboard signal to said remote means,
said remote means including means for applying to said fifth conductor a stacker travel signal having a polarity opposite to that of said load aboard signal, and
means on said carrier for preventing transmission of said address signals to said carrier except when said stacker travel signal is applied to said fifth conductor.
4. Automatic storage apparatus, comprising a plurality of load supports,
a load carrier mounted to move selectively into different transfer positions in which it registers with one of said supports,
means on said carrier for developing a pair of position signals corresponding to the actual position of said carrier relative to said supports,
means remote from said carrier including signal storage means connected at one side to a computer intermittently to receive and store sets of coded command signals from the computer,
a plurality of relays connected to the opposite side of said storage means selectively to bevenergized in accordance with command signals from said storage means upon receipt of cycle complete signals from said carrier,
means controlled by said relays to convert said command signals into pairs of address signals, each pair of said address signals corresponding to a different desired position a pair of conductors for transmitting said address signals to said carrier,
means on said carrier for comparing each pair of address signals with said position signals,
drive means on said carrier operative, when the compared address and position signals disagree, to move said carrier toward said desired position until the compared address and position signals agree,.
means forstopping said drive means, when the compared address and position signals agree, and said carrier is in said desired position, v a load transfer device on said carrier movable automatically between pick-up and deposit positions each time said carrier has reached the transfer position determined by the last-transmitted pair of address signals, to transfer a load between said carrier and the registering support, a third conductor connecting said carrier computer,
means on said carrier operative, each time said transfer device is moved from one to the other of its pick-up and deposit positions, to apply a cycle complete signal of predetermined polarity to said third conductor for transmission thereby to said computer, thereby again to enable said relays selectively to be energized to produce the next pair of address signals corresponding to the next desired position of said carrier, and
reject means on said carrier operative to apply to said third conductor a reject signal having a polarity opposite to that of said cycle complete signal, when the support onto which a load is to be deposited by.
, said transfer device is already occupied by another load. 4 i
5. Automatic storage apparatus as defined in claim 4, including load sensing means on said carrier operative to transmit said reject signal on said third conductor to the computer, when said transfer device moves from its to said