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Publication numberUS3790293 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 5, 1974
Filing dateOct 4, 1972
Priority dateOct 4, 1972
Publication numberUS 3790293 A, US 3790293A, US-A-3790293, US3790293 A, US3790293A
InventorsHeenan S, Majewski N
Original AssigneeAmerace Esna Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pavement marker reflector member and assembly
US 3790293 A
Abstract
A pavement marker reflector member having a shell-like body of synthetic resin material, a filler material within the shell-like body and a base plate affixed to the shell-like body and including lowermost surface portions establishing a basal support for the reflector member. The reflector member may be affixed to a base member, in which case the lowermost surface portions of the base plate engage corresponding portions of the base member in a pavement marker assembly.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Heenan etal.

[ Feb. 5, 1974 1 PAVEMENT MARKER REFLECTOR 1,910,791 5/1933 Coppel 350/97 x MEMBER AND ASSEMBLY 2,371,462 3/ 1945 Nicholson. 404/ 2,627,784 2/1953 Pellar 350/97 X In entors: S d ey Keenan, Park g 2,941,447 6/1960 Abbott 350/97 x Norbert Majewski, Elk Grove 3,587,416 6/1971 Flanagan 404/9 Village, both of 111. 3,519,327 7 1970 Nakajima 350/97 3,332,327 5/1967 Heenan ..404/l6 1 1 Asslgheei Ameme Commmn, New 3,485,148 12/1969 Heenan ..404/12 York, NY. Primary Examiner--Nile C. Byers, Jr.

4 72 [22] Filed Oct 19 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Samuelson & Jacob [21] App]. No.: 294,810

[57] ABSTRACT US. Cl. A pavement marker reflector member having a hell. Il'ltofsynthetic resin material a filler material [58] Field of Search 404/15, 9; 350/97 within the sheluike body and a base plate ffi d to the shell-like body and including lowermost surface References Cited portions establishing a basal support for the reflector UNITED STATES PATENTS member. The reflector member may be affixed to a 1,798,468 3/1931 Hartzler 404 15 x base member, in which the lowermost Surface 1,599,975 9/1926 Peterson 404/15 x p o f t e base plate engage corresponding porl,574,738 2/1926 Cretney 404/15 tions of the base member in a pavement marker as- 1,546,146 7/1925 Shaffer 404/9 X sembly,

14 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures 142 122 19a 16 23/ r44 :94 1e K 1 I I f I) 20 46 M46 19 I j I -416/ v 1 104 4/ 1 If 1 Ji 1. -so I08 L [C128 ff2\ 136 /20 PAVEMENT MARKER REFLECTOR MEMBER AND ASSEMBLY semblies in which reflector members may be replaced I with'relative ease when worn or otherwise deteriorated.

Pavement markers have become more widely accepted as permanent installations for marking traffic lanes and controlling the flow of traffic on roadways in connection with, or in place of, conventional painted traffic lines. Because of their greater optical effectiveness and longer life, such markers have found wide use despite the fact that their initial cost has often been greater than the initial cost of conventional painted lines. It becomes apparent, then, that pavement markers which could be less costly to manufacture and which would have an extended life would be even more desirable.

A variety of structural arrangements has been suggested for rendering the reflectors of such pavement markers more durable and, in some of these arrangements, the reflectors are selectively replaceable. In several of these arrangements a base member of relatively high strength material, such as a metal, is permanently affixed to the roadway surface and a reflector body of synthetic resin material is affixed to the base member for selective removal and replacement without destruction of the base member. In some of these pavement marker assemblies, the base member has been provided with inclined ramps for protecting the reflector body from brutal encounters with snowplow blades when these pavement markers are used in geographical areas where a significant amount of snow is likely to fall upon roadways.

Among the most commercially successful pavement markers developed recently is a marker constructed with a shell-like body of molded synthetic resin material filled with a filler material for reinforcing the shelllike body against the forces applied externally by contact with oncoming vehicles. These pavement markers have been permanently installed directly upon the roadway surface by affixing them to the pavement with a suitable adhesive. It has also been suggested that such pavement markers be permanently affixed to metal base members with an adhesive. It would be advantageous, then, to have available an improved pavement marker of the type having a filled shell-like body which can be affixed directly to the roadway surface, or, alternately, can serve as a reflector member assembled with a permanently installed, high strength base member in such a way that the reflector member, when worn or broken, is readily disassembled from the base member and replaced with a more serviceable reflector member.

It is therefore an important object of the invention to provide a pavement marker of the type in which a shelllike body of synthetic resin material is filled with a reinforcing filler material with a base plate affixed by said filler material to the shell-like body for establishing a basal support for the pavement marker.

Another object of the invention is to provide a pavement marker of the type described above which can be installed directly upon the surface of a roadway and which will exhibit greater resistance to failure from the impact resulting from contact with oncoming vehicles than heretofore available.

A further object of the invention is to provide a pavement marker of the type described above which can serve as a reflector member in a pavement marker assembly including a base member of relatively high strength material, such as a metal, to which the reflector member is secured for selective removal and replacement.

The above objects, as well as still further objects and advantages, are attained by the invention which may be described briefly as a pavement marker for establishing a marking visible from an oncoming vehicle on a roadway surface, the pavement marker comprising a shelllike body of synthetic resin material, the shell-like body having an upper surface, a lower edge and at least one light-transmitting portion including an obverse light receiving surface between the upper surface and the lower edge, a filler material within the shell-like'body for reinforcing the shell-like body against forces applied externally by contact with the oncoming vehicles, a lower surface adapted to face the roadway surface, and a base plate including portions embedded within the filler material for affixing the base plate to the pavement marker coextensive with essentially the entire lower surface and including lowermost surface portions establishing a basal support for the pavement marker.

The invention will be more fully understood, while still further objects and advantages thereof will become apparent, in the following detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a pavement marker assembly employing a pavement marker constructed in accordance with the invention as a reflector member therein;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view of the pavement marker assembly of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional'view taken along line 33 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary end elevational view taken:in the direction indicated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged, longitudinal cross-sectional view of the reflector member employedin the pavement marker assembly of F IG. 1;

FIG. 6 is a slightly reduced bottom plan view of the reflector member of FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is an end elevational view of the retainer employed in the pavement marker assembly of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 is a-plan view, partially broken away, of an- I other pavement marker assembly employing a pavement marker constructed in accordance with the invention as a reflector member therein; and

FIG. 9 is a side elevational view, partially sectioned,

of the pavement marker assembly of FIG. 8. 7

Referring now to the drawing, and especially to FIGS. 1 through 4 thereof, a pavement marker assembly employing a pavement marker constructed in accordance with the invention is illustrated generally at 10 and is seen to include a base member 12 constructed of a relatively high strength material, such as a metal, and a pavement marker in the form of a reflector member 14 aftixed to the base member 12 by means shown in the form of a retainer system 16.

The base member 12 extends longitudinally from a forward portion 20 to an opposite rearward portion 22 and laterally between oppositeside portions 23 carrying sidewalls 24 and 26 and spaced apart by an interconnecting web 28.

As best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, pavement marker assembly is adapted to be installed upon a roadway 30 and the base member l2has a basal plane P which extends in a direction parallel with the surface, of the roadway 30, when the lower surface 32 of the base member 12 is affixed to the roadway surface. The sidewalls 24 and 26 of the base member 12 are provided with Securing means in the form of depending ribs 34 which project downwardly below the basal plane P and extend longitudinally to establish lower surface portions in the form of vertical surfaces 36 extending in planes generally perpendicular to the basal plane P and parallel to one another longitudinally along the body of the base member 12. Ribs 34 are engaged with complementary grooves 38 in the roadway 30 to affix the pavement marker to the roadway surface, preferably through the use of an adhesive. The additional area gained by the vertical surfaces 36 of the longitudinal ribs 34 provides the additional resistance to shear forces placed upon pavement marker 10 when the marker is contacted by a snowplow blade to prevent the marker from being torn from the roadway surface.

The base member 12 has an upper surface 40 which, in this instance, includes a planar platform 42 located upon the web 28 between a forward laterally extending rib 46 and a rearward laterally extending rib 48. Reflector member 14 is, in the illustrated embodiment, seated upon the platform 42 and is located longitudinally and restrained against longitudinal movement by the forward and rearward abutments provided" by the lateral ribs 46 and 48. The reflector member 14 has a lower surface 52, at least portions 54 of which have a contour matching the contour of the platform 42 so that the reflector member 14 is seated securely upon the platform. In this instance, the contour of such portions 54 is planar to match the planar contour of the platform 42. Reflector member 14 extends longitudinally between opposite forward and rearward portions 56 and 58, respectively, and laterally between opposite side portions 60 and 62, respectively, and has an upper surface 64 spaced from the lower surface 52 thereof in an altitudinal direction to provide at least one obverse light receiving surface 66 for receiving incident light from oncoming vehicles and reflecting such light to establish a marking visible at night. A second such obverse surface 68 may also be provided at the rear of the reflector member 14. Thus, the reflector member 14 provides a reflector riased above the surface of the roadway 30in order to provide a marking which may be viewed effectively at reasonable viewing distances. Additionally, the obverse surface 66 is advantageously placed at an acute angle to the roadway surface so that the face of the reflector will be cleaned by wiping contact with the tires of oncoming vehicles.

Turning now. to FIGS. 5 and 6, the reflector member 14 is preferably of the type which has a shell-like body including a shell 70 of synthetic resin material having at least one and preferably two light transmitting portions 72 which provide the obverse surfaces 66 and 68 of the reflector. The reverse surface 74 of each portion 72 is provided with a retrodirective reflector of the cube-corner type. In this instance, the shell 70 is molded of a light-transmitting synthetic resin, such as methyl-methacrylate, and is constructed of two like parts 76 and 78 joined together at 79. In order to reinforcethe molded synthetic resin shell against forces applied to the shell by contact with oncoming vehicles, the shell is filled, or potted," with a relatively rigid filler material seen in the form of a solid core 80 which is contiguous with the inner surface of the shell 70 and serves to reinforce the shell and provide a solid, rugged structure capable of withstanding forces applied to the reflector member 14 during service. Since it is desirable, from a structural standpoint, that the core 80 be contiguous with the shell 70 and no voids exist between the shell and the core, reverse surface 74 is coated with a light reflecting material 82, such as by metallizing the reverse surface in a now well-known manner, to assure that the reflecting elements will perform their assigned function.

In order to provide the lower surface 52 of the reflector member 14 with surface portions 54 having a contour matching the contour of the platform 42 of the base member 12, the reflector member preferably is provided with a base plate 84 which includes a plurality of surface portions 86 having the desired configuration, in this instance, the desired configuration being flat and planar. The base plate 84 is secured in the reflector member 14, at least in part, by the filler material of the core 80 by virtue of extension of the filler material through apertures 88 provided in raised portions 90 of the base plate 84. The raised portions 90 establish an undulate cross-sectional configuration, as viewed in FIG. 5, which provides the base plate 84 with sufficient rigidity, while establishing the raised portions 90 for securement in the filler material and the lowermost surface portions 86 for a basal support for the reflector member. The peripheral portions 94 of base plate 84 extend beneath the corresponding peripheral edge 96 of the shell 70 so that both the shell and the core 80 are supported upon the base plate 84. Since the base plate 84 rests securely upon the platform 42 by virtue of the complementary configuration of portions 86 of the plate 84, forces applied to the shell 70 by contact with oncoming vehicles are transmitted through the core 80 as well as through the shell 70 to the base member 12 and any tendency to break the shell away from the core as a result of uneven support surfaces between the reflector member 14 and the base member 12 is essentially eliminated. The rounded contours of the undulate cross-sectional configuration provide an advantageous stress distribution along the base plate.

In fabricating the reflector member 14, the filler material, in a viscous liquid form, is first poured into the shell 70. Then the base plate 84 is placed on the filler. As the base plate becomes seated in place with peripheral portions 94 juxtaposed with corresponding peripheral edge 96 of the shell 70, the filler material will extrude through larger apertures 88, while air is vented through small passages provided by smaller apertures 92 in the base plate. Upon hardening, the extensionof the filler material through apertures 88 will aidin securing the base plate to the shell. Such materials as epoxy compounds have been found suitable for the formation of the core 80. The base plate is preferably fabricated of metal, but can be made of other materials which will provide suitable strength and rigidity.

In the above outlined method of fabrication, the base plate 84 actually aids in assuring that the filler material,

while still in liquid form, fills the shell 70 without voids. In order to seat the base plate in the shell, the base plate is urged against the filler material toward the shell, as by merely allowing the weight of the base plate to pull the base plate toward the shell. As the base plate is so urged toward the shell, the pressure upon the filler material forces the filler material to entirely fill the shell, thereby eliminating any harmful voids. In particular, by making apertures 88 larger than apertures 92, a

' differential pressure is created as the base plate is urged toward the shell, which differential pressure tends to force the liquid filler material into the corners of the shell to assure that the shell is filled completely without the use of excessive amounts of filler material.

In addition, the filling operation itself is facilitated by the use of the base plate 84 in that a greater variation in the volume of filler material can be accommodated. Thus, variations in the volume of the liquid filler material placed in the shell can be taken up by the volume available within the raised portions 90 of the base plate. Excess liquid filler material can be accommodated within the raised portions 90 without affecting the basal contour provided by surface portions 86.

Where the reflector member 14 is affixed directly to the roadwaysurface, that is, where reflector member 14 is to serve as a pavement marker affixed permanently to the roadway surface, rather than being mounted upon a base member for selective replacement, the base plate 84 (see FIG. 5) tends to distribute the forces applied to the shell 70, by contact with oncoming vehicles, over the entire support surface provided by the base plate. Where the roadway surface is soft, the pavement marker may exhibit a tendency to sink slightly into the roadway. In a pavement marker of the type having a filled shell-like body, such sinking can result in the roadway exerting an excessive force upwardly upon the shell itself, thus tending to peel the shell from the core of filler material. In the instant pavement marker, however, such a tendency to peel, or delam'inate, the shell 70 from the core 80 is eliminated by virtue of the extension of the base plate 84 below the lower peripheral edge of the shell.

As best seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, the reflector member l4,- when placed upon the platform 42 of the base member 12, is located longitudinally between the lateral ribs 46 and 48 and laterally between the longitudinally extending sidewalls 24 and 26 of the base member 12, and is thus fixed relative to the roadway surface.

The reflector member 14 is secured relative to the base member 12 by means of the retainer system 16 having a retainer 100 which includes a pair of retainer elements 102, each having a first arm 104 and a second arm 106. The first and second arms 104 and 106, respectively, extend generally longitudinally between opposite ends and are spaced apart laterally by an integral lateral leg 108 which interconnects arms 104 and 106 adjacent one of the ends of each arm such that the arms and leg 108 establish a U-shaped configuration. The U- shaped retainer elements 102 are fabricated of a resilient material, such as steel wire, so that the arms 104 and 106 may be resiliently deflected relative to one another in an altitudinal direction, that is, in a direction which is generally perpendicular to the longitudinal extent of the arms 104 and 106 and the lateral extent of the leg 108.

Means are provided for engaging the first arm 104 of each retainer element 102 with the reflector member 14 adjacent each side portion 60 and 62 of the reflector member, these first means being illustrated in the form of a bar 110 which is integral with the first arms 104 of the retainer elements 102 at the opposite ends 112 of the bar so that the-retained elements 102 are joined together by the bar 110 in a unitary structure. As best seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, the bar 110 extends along the upper surface 64 of the reflector member 14 between the opposite side portions 60. and 62 of the reflector member. Preferably, a cap plate 114 is interposed between the bar 110 and the upper surface 64 of the reflector member 14 and the bar is received within a channel 116 in the cap plate 114 which, in turn, is located within a lateral recess 118 in the upper surface of the reflector member (also see FIG. 5).

As best seen in FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, second means are provided for engaging the second arm 106 of each retainer element 102 with the base member 12 adjacent each side portion 23 thereof, the second means being illustrated in the form of ears 120 projecting from the outer surface 122 of ech sidewall 24 and 26 and establishing a downwardly facing shoulder 124. The elevation of the channel 116 is such that when the reflector member 14 is in place upon the platform 42 the channel lies above the shoulders 124 provided by the car 120; hence, when the bar 110 is placed in the channel 116 and the U-shaped retainer elements 102 straddle the sidewalls 24 and 26 with the first arms 104 lying along the inner surface 126 of each sidewall and the second arms 106 lying along the outer surface 122 of each sidewall, the bar 110 is located above the shoulders 124 and the second arms 106 must be deflected downwardly, in an altitudinal direction, relative to the first arms 104 until the second arms 106 are captured beneath the shoulders 124 provided by the ear 120. In order to facilitate such downward deflection of the second arms 106, the ears 120 are provided with a beveled surface 128 which urges the second arms outwardly as the arms 106 are pushed downwardly so that installation of the retainer 100 can be accomplished by merely pushing downwardly upon the second arms 106.

Theresilient deflection of the first and second arms 104 and 106 relative to one another in an altitudinal direction establishes a resilient retaining force which urges the reflector member 14 downwardly against the base member 12. The cap plate 114 tends to spread this retaining force over essentially the entire upper surface 64 of the reflector member 14 to reduce the possibility of a concentration of stress within a limited portion of the shell of the reflector member. In addition, the cap plate 114 will protect the upper surface 64 of the reflector member 14 against excessive abrasion arising from the contact between oncoming vehicles and the reflector member. The bar 110 is also protected from excessive abrasion by virtue of its location within the recess provided by the channel 116. In order to better distribute the downward force provided by the retainer when the retainer is installed as illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 4, the bar is normally bowed, as seen in FIG. 7', such that the central portion 130 of the bar is normally below the ends 112 of the bar. Installation of the retainer 100 will tend to deflect the bar 110 out of the bowed configuration and will thereby provide a downward force which is more evenly distributed along the length of the bar upon the reflector member 14. Removal of the retainer 100 for disassembly of the reflector member 14 from the base member 12 is achieved by moving the second arms 106 outwardly to release the arms from beneath the ears 120. Thus, the reflector member 14 is readily replaced.

Pavement marker 10 is constructed for service in geographical locations where a significant amount of snow is likely to fall upon the roadway 30. Thus, the base member 12 is constructed to protect the reflector member 14 from being gouged or stripped from the roadway surface by being stripped from the base member by an oncoming snowplow blade. To this end, the reflector member 14 is placed between the sidewalls 24 and 26 with the uppermost surface of the reflector member being no higher than the uppermost extent of the sidewalls. Each of the sidewalls 24 and 26 is provided with an' inclined ramp 134 which extends from the roadway surface at the forward portion of the pavement marker to a vertically uppermost portion 136 and 138, respectively, toward the rear of the marker. The uppermost portions 136 and 138 of the sidewalls 24 and 26, respectively, are at least as high as the uppermost surface of the cap plate 1 14 on the upper surface 64 of the reflector member so that as a snowplow blade 140 (illustrated in phantom in FIG. 1) approaches the reflector member 14, the blade will ride up the inclined ramps 134 and will thus be deflected away from the reflector member. It is noted that each sidewall 24 and 26 includes an uppermost portion 136 and 138, respectively, which is generally flat and parallel to the basal plane P, the uppermost portions establishing a path for the snowplow blade 140 which will ensure that the snowplow blade will completely avoid contact with the reflector member 14.

As illustrated in FIG. 1, snowplow blades are generally angled relative to their direction of travel so as to make an acute angle A with the direction of travel D.

Usually, acute angle A is of the order of magnitude of about 60. Because of this angle A, leading portion 142 of the snowplow blade 140 will traverse uppermost portion 136 of the sidewall 24 ahead of the traverse of trailing portion 144 of the snowplow blade 140 across the uppermost portion 138 of the sidewall 26. It has been found that if the leading portion 142 of the snowplow blade 140 is allowed to leave the uppermost portion 136 of the sidewall 24 prior to the arrival of the trailing portion 144 of the snowplow blade at the uppermost portion 138 of the other sidewall 26 the snowplow blade 140 will experience a sudden drop which can result in the trailing portion 144 exerting a considerable blow upon the corresponding inclined ramp 134 of sidewall 26. In order to prevent such a crushing blow, and concomitant damage to the ramp, the uppermost portions 136 and 138 of the sidewalls 24 and 26 are extended rearwardly a distance great enought to assure that as leading portion 142 of the snowplow blade 140 leaves the uppermost portion 136 of the sidewall 24, the trailing portion 144 of the snowplow blade will be engaged with the uppermost portion 138 of the other sidewall 26. Thus, as seen in FIG. 1, when point L on the leading portion 142 of the snowplow blade 140 leaves uppermost portion 136, point T on the trailing portion 144 of the snowplow blade is already engaged with the uppermost portion 138.

The base member 12 must be fabricated of a material strong enough to withstand contact with the snowplow blade 140. It has been found that base members fabricated of pearlitic ductile iron are well suited to withstand the shock of contact with a snowplow blade and are rugged enough to remain serviceable for a long time without being worn away by contact with oncoming traffic, including snowplow blades. In the illustrated embodiment, the base member has been successfully fabricated in the form of a unitary casting of ductile iron, such as pearlitic ductile iron (ASTM A536-65T) or ferritic nodular iron (ASTM A536-67), which was then heat treated to obtain a core hardness of about 26 to 34 Rockwell C and the sidewalls, especially in the vicinity of the inclined ramps, were hardened either by induction or flame hardening, to a surface hardness of about 50 to 55 Rockwell C for a depth of about 0.050

v to 0.100 inch. The above core hardness provides the toughness necessary to withstand brutal encounters with snowplow blades while the surface hardness is great enough to withstand the abrasion of the snowplow blade as it passes over the sidewalls. The base member has also successfully been fabricated by forgmg.

Turning now to FIGS. 8 and 9, another embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the form of a pavement marker 150. Pavement marker may be employed in areas where contact with snowplow blades is unlikely. In pavement marker 150, the base member 152 is fabricated from a flat plate 153 which provides an upper surface 154 with a portion providinga platform 156 and a lower surface 158 that can be adhered to a roadway surface 160 with an adhesive 162. Forward and rearward abutments are provided by laterally extending rails 164 struckup from the plate 153. Longitudinally extending sidewalls 166 are also struck upwardly from the plate 153 and are pierced to establish outwardly projecting tabs 168. 4

A reflector member 170, having thesame construction as reflector member 14 described above in connection with FIGS. 5 and 6, is placed on the platform 156 between the forward and rearward abutments provided by rails 164 and between the sidewalls 166. The reflector member 170 is affixed to the base member 152 by means of a retaining system similar to that described above in connection with FIGS. .1 through 7. A retainer 172 is provided with a pair of U-shaped retaining elements 174 each having a first and second arm 176 and 178 extending longitudinally and spaced apart laterally by an interconnecting leg 180. The U-shaped retainer elements 174 are interconnected by a bar 182 which extends laterally across the top of the reflector member 170. The bar 182 is received within a channel 184 in a cap plate 186 which is interposed between the bar 182 and the upper surface of the reflector member 170, and the U-shaped retainer elements 174 straddle the sidewalls 166 so that each first arm 176 is located between a side portion 188 of the reflector member 170 and a sidewall 166 of the base member 152 and each second arm 178 extends longitudinally along the outer surface 190 of a sidewall 166. The second arms 178 are each deflected downwardly, in an altitudinal direction, and are captured beneath a tab 168 such that a resultant resilient biasing force is exerted by the bar 182 in a downward direction to clamp the reflector member 170 in place upon the base member 152. Since the tabs 168 are angled outwardly from the sidewalls 166, the upper surface 192 of each tab is angled so as to urge the second arm 178 outwardly as the second arm is pushed downwardly to facilitate installation of the retainer 172. Removal of the retainer for disassembly of the reflector member 170 from the base member 152 is achieved by pushing the second arms 178 downwardly and outwardly to release the arms from beneath the tabs 168 and out of engagement with the shoulders provided by the lower surface of the tabs. Thus, the reflector member 170 is readily replaced.

The above detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention is provided by way of example only. Various details of design and construction may be modified without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive privilege or property is claimed are defined as folble from an oncoming vehicle on a roadway surface,

said pavement marker comprising:

a shell-like body of synthetic resin material, said shell-like body having an upper surface, a lower edge and at least one light-transmitting portion in-. cluding an obverse light receiving surface between said upper surface and said lower edge;

a filler material within said shelllike body for reinforcing said shell-like body against forces applied externally by contact with the oncoming vehicle;

a lower surface adapted to face the roadway surface;

and

a base plate including portions embedded within the filler material for affixing the base plate to said pavement marker coextensivewith essentially the entire lower surface and including lowermost surface portions establishing a basal support for the pavement marker.

2. The pavement marker of claim 1 wherein the base plate overlaps and is juxtaposed with the lower edge of the shell-like body.

3. The pavement marker of claim 2 wherein the lower edge of the shell-like body extends around the entire periphery of the lower surface and the base plate overlaps and is juxtaposed with the lower edge around said entire periphery.

4. The pavement marker of claim 2 wherein the lowermost surface portions of the base plate are coplanar and establish a planar basal support.

5. The pavement marker of claim 4 wherein the base plate includes an undulate cross-sectional configuration, said lowermost portions being located at the lowermost part of the undulate configuration and said embedded portions being located at the uppermost part of the undulate configuration.

6. The pavement marker of claim 7 wherein the base plate includes a plurality of apertures located at the uppermost and lowermost parts of the undulate configuration.

7. The pavement marker of claim 6 wherein the apertures located at the uppermost parts of the undulate configuration are larger than the apertures located at the lower most parts of the undulate configuration.

'8. A pavement marker assembly for establishing a marking visible from an oncoming vehicle on a roadway surface, said pavement marker assembly comprismg:

a base member of relatively high strength material, such as a metal, adapted to extendin a direction which will be parallel with the roadway surface when the base member engages the roadway surface;

said base member having a lower surface adapted to be affixed to the roadway surface, and an upper surface, said lower surface having an area sufficient to enable the base member to withstand contact with oncoming vehicles without failure or detachment from the roadway;

a reflector member including:

a shell-like body of synthetic resin material, said shell-like body having an upper surface, a lower edge and at least one light-transmitting portion including an obverse light receiving surface between said upper surface and said lower edge;

a filler material within said shell-like body for reinforcing said shell-likebody against forces applied externally by contact with the oncoming vehicles;

a lower surface adapted to face the roadway surface;

a base plate including portions embedded within the filler material for affixing the base plate to said pavement marker coextensive with essentially the entire lower surface and including lowermost surface portions establishing a basal support for the pavement marker; and

means for affixing said reflector member to the base member for selective removal and replacement of the reflector member without destruction of the base member.

9. The pavement marker assembly of claim 8 wherein the base plate overlaps and is juxtaposed with the lower edge of the shell-like body.

10. The pavement marker assembly of claim 9 wherein the lower edge of the shell-like body extends around the entire periphery of the lower surface and the base plate overlaps and is juxtaposed with the lower edgearound said entire periphery.

11. The pavement marker assembly of claim 9 wherein the lowermost surface portions of the base plate are coplanar and establish a planar basal support.

12. The-pavement marker assembly of claim 11 wherein the pase plate includes an undulate crosssectional configuration, said lowermost portions being located at the lowermost part of the undulate configuration and said embedded portions being located at the uppermost part of the undulate configuration.

13. The pavement marker assembly of claim 12 wherein the base plate includes a plurality of apertures located at the uppermost and lowermost parts of the undulate configuration.

14. The pavement marker assembly of claim 13 wherein the apertures located at the uppermost parts of the undulate configuration are larger than the apertures located at .the lowermost parts of the undulate configuration.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,790,293 Dated February 5, 1974 lnv n fl Sidney A. Heenan and Norbert Majewski It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 3, line 53, "riased" should read raised-- Column 6, line 21, "ech" should read -each Column 7, line 53, "enought" should read -enough- Claim 7, line 4, "lower most" should read -lowermost-- Claim 12, line 2, "pase" should read --bases Signed and sealed this 21st daysof May 1971+.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD PLFLETGHER, IR C PIARSEELXLL DAWN AttestingOffioer Commissioner of Patents FORM Po-1050 (10-69) USCOMM-DC 60376'P69 I Q ".5. GOVERNMENT PRIITHNG OFi'ICE Z I," 0-866-894,

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4147447 *May 12, 1978Apr 3, 1979Amerace CorporationSnowplowable pavement marker and base member therefor
US4155666 *Jun 9, 1978May 22, 1979Amerace CorporationSnowplowable pavement marker and base member therefor
US4174184 *Aug 18, 1978Nov 13, 1979Amerace CorporationSnowplowable pavement marker and method and apparatus for installing same
US4182548 *Jul 5, 1977Jan 8, 1980Ferro CorporationRetroreflective marking tape
US4195945 *Nov 24, 1978Apr 1, 1980Amerace CorporationSnowplowable pavement marker and base member therefor
US4332437 *Jul 30, 1979Jun 1, 1982Ferro CorporationRetroreflective marking tape
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US5454664 *Apr 7, 1994Oct 3, 1995Hallen Products Ltd.Roadway marker
US5501545 *Nov 9, 1994Mar 26, 1996Reflexite CorporationRetroreflective structure and road marker employing same
US6102612 *Jun 16, 1998Aug 15, 2000Stimsonite CorporationControlled tire impact pavement marker
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Classifications
U.S. Classification404/15
International ClassificationE01F9/04, E01F9/06
Cooperative ClassificationE01F9/06
European ClassificationE01F9/06
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 12, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: STIMSONITE CORPORATION, C/O QUAD-C, INC., A CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMERACE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005437/0178
Effective date: 19900823
Aug 13, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: AMERACE CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:AMERACE ESNA CORPORATION, (CHANGED TO), A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:005439/0834
Effective date: 19730424
Aug 13, 1990AS01Change of name
Owner name: AMERACE CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.
Effective date: 19730424
Owner name: AMERACE ESNA CORPORATION, (CHANGED TO), A CORP. OF
Aug 6, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY, NEW YORK
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERACE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005465/0013
Effective date: 19900731