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Publication numberUS3791606 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 12, 1974
Filing dateDec 27, 1971
Priority dateDec 27, 1971
Publication numberUS 3791606 A, US 3791606A, US-A-3791606, US3791606 A, US3791606A
InventorsBrown W
Original AssigneeBrown W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible cable spool
US 3791606 A
Abstract
A collapsible cable spool having radially fluted flanges and a plurality of foldable drum or core sectors pivotally carried in the flutes to permit the spool to be collapsed for storage and shipment.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 1 Brown Feb. 12 1974 [5 COLLAPSIBLE CABLE SPOOL 1,913,477 6/l933 Daubmeyer et a] 242 115 ux 3,284,022 11/1966 Eifrid 242/l 15 X {76] lnvemo m 2,010,8ll 8/l935 Craig 242 1 18.5 x

oemx, r12.

[22] Filed: 1971 Primary ExaminerGeorge F. Mautz [21] Appl. No.: 211,975 Attorney, Agent, or FirmWarren F. B. Lindsley [52] US. Cl. 242/115 51 1111. C1 Bh /22, B65h 75/14 [57] ABSTRACT [58] held of Search242/l 1 A collapsible cable spool having radially fluted flanges 2 /8 and a plurality of foldable drum or core sectors pivotally carried in the flutes to permit the spool to be col- [56] UNITE B SEZfFSS SgTENTS lapsed for storage and shipment. 1,742,584 H1930 Daubmeyer et al. ..1 242/ 6 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures i 1 Z0 20 t J. l1 g hnfi "1,.

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PAH-3min FEB 1 21974 A 7 me/vEy COLLAPSIBLE CABLE SPOOL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to collapsible cable spools and has special reference to simplified construction for such spools to facilitate storage and shipment thereof when empty.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed to a specific construction- DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART The problem of storing and shipping empty cable spools is well known in the art. Such spools must be of strong construction to hold and protect from damage many kinds of cable for storage and shipment. Electrical cables, steel cables and the like are made in long lengths and are best stored, shipped, and otherwise handled while carried on a rugged spool.

However, once the cable is removed from the spool, the spool is excessively bulky for storage and shipment Because of the high initial cost of the spools, it is desirable to return them to the cable manufacturer for reuse, yet there is too little economic advantage in this procedure at the present time.

Many attempts have been made to make a reusable spool which may be readily collapsed for storage and shipment when empty, but none has gained commercial acceptance as yet. Many of the collapsible spools have been too complicated and too expensive to manufacture. Others have not been of strong enough construction to withstand the heavy duty service requirements of protecting cable while being reeled, stored, moved, shipped and unreeled. Others were not foolproof in their design to insure their remaining in rigid open-spool position when carrying cable.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention claimed, a new improved and simplified collapsible spool is provided with is capable of withstanding the heavy duty service in- -volved in the handling of cable on a spool and which will collapse to reduce its shipping and storage volume.

Accordingly it is one of the principal objects of this invention to provide an improved and simplified collapsible cable spool which makes use of presently used flanges on the spools which are strong and relatively light weight and well accepted in the commercial trade, and providing a collapsible drum or core for the spool which is easily installed and inexpensive to produce, yet extremely strong and durable.

Another object is to provide such a spool with the least possible modification of standard accepted flanges for such spools.

Another object is to provide a means for converting presently existing spools which are simple and positive in their opening and closing operation.

Another object is to provide such a spool with a positive strong lock arrangement when in open position to insure against accidental collapse when carrying cable.

Another object is to provide such a spool which will easily fold to closed position from open lock position by force being applied to the flanges to move them toward each other.

A more specific object is to provide such a spool wherein the core or drum section thereof is of open construction and comprises a plurality of pairs of barlike segments pivotally connected at one end and having their opposed ends pivotally mounted within corresponding flutes of the two flanges comprising the spool, and means to limit the pivotal movement of the bar-like segments in one direction to form a rigid drum or core for the spool, yet permitting their pivotal movement in the opposite direction for maximum collapsibility of the spool.

Further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent as the description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize this invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The present invention may be more readily described by reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a cable spool made in accordance with my invention.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged side elevational view of the spool shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an end view of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view on the line 44 of FIG. 2, but showing the spool in collapsed position.

FIG. 5.is a sectional .view on the line 55 of FIG. 2 with the spool in open position.

FIG. 6 is a fragmental sectional view of a modified form of locking arrangement for my collapsible spool showing the bar-like core segments locked in open position.

FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 6 showing the bar-like segments in closed or collapsed position.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring more particularly to the drawings by characters of reference, the numeral 1 indicates generally a cable spool having flanges 22, a core or drum 3, and spokes 4-4 which provide hubs 5-5 having axial openings 66 therethrough to permit the spool to be rotated for winding and unwinding by means of any suitable apparatus (not shwon), all of which are well known in the art.

The flanges 2-2 as shown are conventional in the art and are usually made of metal, and are ring-shaped, as shown, with the inner diameter or edge 7 being slightly less than the diameter of the core or drum section 3. The diameter of the outer rim or edge 8 of the flanges may be of any suitable dimension in accordance with desired use of the spool, or in other words, so that the spool may carry a predetermined amount of cable wound thereon.

The flanges usually are provided with a welded-on perpendicularly disposed ring 9 on the inner edge 7 and a similar ring 10 on the outer edge 8 to strengthen and rigidify the flanges.

In addition, the flanges are usually made of pressed metal and are provided with a plurality of radially disposed spaced flutes or ribs 1lll pressed thereinto. The flutes or ribs l111 are substantially U-shaped in cross section and are usually deeper at their inner ends adjacent the rim 9 than they are at their outer ends adjacent the rim 10 as shown,- thus providing the maximum strength and rigidity to the flanges near the core or drum section 2 where it is most needed in normal use of the spool, and also, permitting the use of straight panels in the manufacture of the flanges. All of this flange construction is well known in the art, and flanges constructed as shown and described are well accepted in commercial trade and are in common use.

Spools using the flanges above described are presently provided with a rigid cylindrical drum or cone (not shown), which is securely fastened axially between the flanges, as by welding or the like, and these spools are obviously rigid and durable but require too much space for storage and shipment when not carrying cable. Obviously these conventional spools cannot be collapsed for shipment and storage.

In my invention, I have provided a collapsible core or drum 3-3 which is cooperatively associated with the standard spool flanges above described.

My drum or core 3-3 comprises a plurality of foldable drum or core sectors 12-12, each of the sectors comprising a pair of equal length bar-like segments- 13-13 which are pivotally connected at one end and have their opposed ends pivotally mounted within the U-shaped ribs or flutes 11-11, as will become apparent.

. The bar-like segments 13-13 may be of any suitable material, either solid bar stock of rectangular cross section, channel members, or even angle iron, as desired.

In FIGS. 1 through 5, I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention. The reference numerals 14-14 indicate the opposed side walls of an individual rib or flute 11. As is clearly seen in FIG. 5, the outer ends of the segments 13-13 are each pivotally carried within corresponding flutes or ribs 11-11 of the opposed flanges 2-2 so the side walls 14-14 provide a means to contain the pivotal mount. As shown, the outer ends of the bar segments 13-13 have an opening 15 therethrough, through which a pivot pin 16 extends. The pivot pin extends through suitable openings 17-17 in the opposed side walls 14-14 and has suitable retaining means such as cotter pins 18-18 through each end thereof as shown to insure that the pivotal mounting will remain secure.

As shown more clearly in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, the pivotal connection of the bar segments 13-13 to each other comprises a U-shaped clip member 19, having a pair of pins 20-20 therethrough, one of the pairs of pins being through each adjacent end of the bar segments to permit the pivotal movements of the bar segments, in conjunction with the pivotal mounting 15-16 of the opposed outer ends of the bar segments.

As means to limit the pivotal movement of the segments 13, each inner end of the segments has a notch 21-21 which abuts against the clip 19 to act as a stop or lock against further pivoting in the direction toward open position.

As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 a plurality of core sectors 12 are employed in my invention to form the core or drum for my spool. The core sectors are mounted substantially equi-distant apart circumferentially around the inner edge 9 of the flanges 2 and equidistant radially from the center axis of the flanges to form an open core on which cable may be wound. The

stop or lock arrangement 19-20-21 insures that the core for the spool will be rigid and non-collapsible in the direction in which crushing pressure would be applied to the core while cable is being wound thereon and while cable is stored thereon.

Rigidity of the drum or core for my spool is also insured by the radially disposition of the core segments circumferentially adjacent the inner rim 9 of the flanges as the pivot pins 16-16 of the various sectors 12 of the core are disposed perpendicularly to each bar segment and, preferably, an odd number of core sectors are employed in making my core so that no two sectors have their pivotal mountings to the flanges in the same plane.

In FIGS. 6 and 7 a modified form of locking or stop arrangement is shown. In this form of my invention, the bar segments 31 are equal in length but they overlap each other and are pivotally connected to each other by a single pivot pin 32. Each of the bar segments 31 has a notch 33 in its overlapping end 34 which engages against a stop block or pin 35 which is fixed to its companion bar segment 31 to limit the pivotal movement of the segments 31 relative to each other in the open position to a point which does not permit them'to reach lineal alignment and they will be therefore biased toward closing position and will not require manual manipulation for closing.

In operation, to collapse an open spool made in accordance with my invention, it is only necessary to apply pressure to the sides of the flanges 2 to push them toward each other, and the core sectors will fold as shown in FIGS. 4 and 7 until they reach the limit.

To open the'spool to cable carrying position, all that is required is to pull the two flanges 2 away from each other.

It is deemed apparent that one of the advantages 0 my invention is that the core segments are pivotally mounted within the U-shaped ribs or flutes 11-11, and thus they fold into the flutes or ribs when the cable spool is collapsed. Also it is deemed apparent that while I have shown my invention as applied to a spool wherein the bar segments 13-13 are longer than the effective flanges 2 of the spools, a spool employing shorter bar segments 13-13 and providing a narrower core 2 and employing the same height of flange could be made and the core sectors would fold completely into the ribs or flutes and result in a much smaller package than that shown. I have here chosen to show the relationships of the parts of my invention when applied to the most commonly used spool dimensional relationships between core width and flange height.

It is deemed apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the invention shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

l. A collapsible spool having a pair of opposed spaced flanges, each of said flanges having a plurality of corresponding radially disposed flutes of substantially U-shaped cross section, said spool comprising:

a plurality of core sectors, each of said core sectors incluidng a pair of bar segments,

a pivotal connection between said bar segments at their adjacent ends,

means for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection in one direction to prevent the alignment of said bar segments,

pivotal means mounting the opposite ends of said bar segments to said opposed flanges within corresponding flutes thereof,

said core sectors being mounted in circumferentially spaced relationship to each other on said flanges to form an open core,

said bar segments being arranged in end-to-end relationship,

said pivotal connection including a U-shaped clip member arranged to embrace adjacent ends of said bar segments, and

a pivot pin connecting each of said bar segments to said clip member.

2. The collapsible spool set forth in claim 1 wherein said pivotal means includes a pivot pin through said opposite ends of said bar segments,

and means for mounting said pin between the walls of said U-shaped flutes, permitting said bar segments to fold into said flutes.

3. The collapsible spool set forth in claim 1 wherein each segment of said pair of bar segments is of equal length.

4. The collapsible spool set forth in claim 1 wherein:

said means for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection comprises a locking means including a notch in the adjacent end of each of said bar segments to engage against an adjacent portion of said clip member to limit pivotal movement of said bars in one direction.

5. The collapsible spool as set forth in claim 1 wherein said core segments are of an odd number so that none of said pivotal mounting means lies in the same plane.

6. A collapsible spool having a pair of opposed spaced flanges, each of said flanges having a plurality of corresponding radially disposed flutes of substantially U-shaped cross section, said spool comprising:

a plurality of core sectors, each of said core sectors including a pair of bar segments,

a pivotal connection between said bar segments at their adjacent ends,

means for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection in one direction to prevent the alignment of said bar segments,

pivotal means mounting the opposite ends of said bar segments to said opposed flanges within corresponding flutes thereof,

said core sectors being mounted in circumferentially spaced relationship to each other on said flanges to form an open core,

said bar segments being arranged in overlapping relationship, and

said pivotal connection including a single pivot pin extending through the overlapping portion of said bars,

said means for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection comprising a locking means including a notch in each of said overlapping ends of said bar segments, and

a stop block fixed to each of said bar segments adjacent said pivot pin to receive one of said notches.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1742584 *Apr 22, 1926Jan 7, 1930Daubmeyer Dewey CReel
US1913477 *Dec 23, 1929Jun 13, 1933Daubmeyer Dewey CReel
US2010811 *Aug 15, 1933Aug 13, 1935Craig James AExpansible hose reel
US3284022 *Nov 26, 1963Nov 8, 1966Eifrid Stephen LCollapsible reels
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5169086 *Mar 18, 1991Dec 8, 1992Reel Rotation, Inc.Collapsible reel for wire and cable packaging and system for stacking and transporting the same
US5467939 *Jul 26, 1994Nov 21, 1995E M SCollapsible drum
US5547147 *Jul 26, 1994Aug 20, 1996E M SCollapsible drum
US5588628 *Nov 28, 1994Dec 31, 1996Sachleben; Harold G.Collapsible reel
US5647557 *May 18, 1995Jul 15, 1997Faulkner Fabricators, Inc.Collapsible spool formed by a plurality of interlocking plates
US5649677 *Mar 6, 1996Jul 22, 1997Culp; Barney L.Collapsible spool
US6398149Jan 16, 2001Jun 4, 2002Ortronics, Inc.Cable management system with adjustable cable spools
US6609676Feb 11, 2002Aug 26, 2003Mike WilsonWire reel
US6913222Sep 5, 2003Jul 5, 2005Donald J. MaxwellLightweight collapsible reel for cable, conduit or tubing
US7213784 *Jan 23, 2003May 8, 2007Ab UnderphonePlastic bobbin and a method of manufacturing such a bobbin
US8091820Oct 23, 2009Jan 10, 2012Thorn John PCable coiling apparatus
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DE102011053621A1 *Sep 14, 2011Mar 14, 2013Heinrich WockenHaspel zum Auf- und Abwickeln von langgestreckten Materialien und Haspelanlage mit zumindest einer solchen Haspel oder für zumindest eine solche Haspel
DE202013104216U1Sep 16, 2013Sep 26, 2013Heinrich WockenHaspel zum Auf- und Abwickeln von langgestreckten Materialien
EP2570374A2Jul 6, 2012Mar 20, 2013Heinrich WockenBobbin for coiling and uncoiling elongated materials and bobbins assembly with at least one such bobbin or for at least one such bobbin
WO1990003327A1 *Sep 14, 1989Apr 5, 1990Bernhard KesslerCable roller core
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/607.1
International ClassificationB65H75/18, B65H75/22
Cooperative ClassificationB65H75/22, B65H2701/5114
European ClassificationB65H75/22