US 3792556 A
In a roof covering of the hatch or vent type having a spring loaded cover, an improved arrangement is provided for absorbing the shock of the springs when opening the cover and also for locking the cover in an open position to preclude it from being blown shut from the wind.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1 Anghinetti et a1.
[ 1 Feb. 19, 1974 ROOF COVERING  Inventors: Joseph R. Anghinetti,
Kennebunkport; Paul A. Couture, Emery Mills, both of Maine  Assignee: Wasco Products, Inc., Sanford,
Maine  Filed: Sept. 24, 1971 21 Appl. No.: 183,318
 US. Cl 52/1, 49/7, 49/379  Int. Cl E04h 9/06, E05f 15/20  Field of Search ..49/379, 7; 52/1; 92/25, 23, 92/19; 417/903; 60/52 H; 254/93 R  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,516,197 6/1970 Lyons 49/1 1,512,837 10/1924 Evenden 92/19 3,135,555 6/1964 Caskey 92/23 2,896,583 7/1959 StiXrood.... 254/93 R 3,032,806 5/1962 Mallory 92/23 3,516,210 6/1970 Jentoft 52/1 3,601,437 8/1971 Lyons 49/7 Primary ExaminerFrank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner-H. E. Raduazo [5 7] ABSTRACT In a roof covering of the hatch or vent type having a spring loaded cover, an improved arrangement is provided for absorbing the shock of the springs when opening the cover and also for locking the cover in an open position to preclude it from being blown shut from the wind.
4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAIENIE FEB 1 91974 mm: W2
ROOF COVERING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to improvements in roof hatches of the type generally shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,516,210 issued June 23, 1970. That patent describes a fire and smoke relief ventilator hatch which is adapted to open automatically in response to a fire and which also may be opened for inspection, testing or general ventilating purposes. As described in that patent, it is important that the cover be open rapidly in the event of a fire. Because the hatch is relatively large in order to be effective as a fire and smoke vent, specially designed springs are employed to apply a sufficient opening force to the cover, even when additional loads are imposed on the cover, such as snow. Because the forces for opening the cover quickly are considerable, the cover snaps open with a great deal of force which may be of a magnitude as to damage the vent structure, the roof, or both. While damage to the vent may not be the primary consideration in the event of an actual fire, it is important to avoid any damage when the hatch is tested periodically, is inspected or is opened intentionally to serve as a vent during warm weather.
Another aspect of the invention-relates to an improved arrangement for locking the open cover in the SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In brief, the improved damping arrangement includes a hydraulic piston-type shock absorber having a head end pivoted to the curb'or frame of the vent structure and a rod end which is pivoted to the cover. Also pivoted to the cover, at the same pivot point of the rod end of the shock absorber is a locking bar, the other end of which is free. When the cover is closed, the free end of the locking bar rests atop and generally is parallel to the cylinder of the shock absorber. When the cover is unlatched and opens, the free end of the locking bar is drawn, in unison with the piston rod of the shock absorber, along the exterior cylindrical shock absorber. The locking bar is shorter in length then the length of piston rod which extends from the shock absorber when in a fully opened position. Thus, when the cover reaches its open position, the free end of the locking bar is drawn beyond the end of the cylinder of the shock absorber and drops downwardly onto the extended piston rod. The free end of the locking bar then bears generally and axially against the end of the cylinder to lock the cover in the opened position.
It is among the primary objects of the invention to provide an improved arrangement for cushioning the opening shock of roof vents of the type described and for locking the cover in an open position.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the type described which is of simple construction.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the type described in which all the operative elements thereof are maintained in an out-of-the way position and which do not interfere with the opening through the vent.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS These and other objects of the invention will be understood more fully from the following detailed description thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a somewhat diagramatic illustration of invention as employed in a roof fire vent;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the invention when the vent is in a closed configuration; and
FIG. 3 is an illustration similar to FIG. 2 with the vent in an open position.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows a portion of the roof vent and its surrounding curb 10 with the cover 12 being in an open position. The cover 12 is hinged for pivotal movement along the rear wall 14 of the curb, and is biased toward the open position suggested in the drawing by means of a pair of torsion bar springs, indicated generally as 16 and 18. As described more fully in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 3,516,210, each of the torsion bar springs 16, 18 includes a pair of end members 20R, 20L and 22R, 22L respectively. This form of notation will be employed throughout the following description to denote identical elements disposed symetrically on both the right and left sides of the vent.
When the vent is in an open configuration as shown, the torsion springs 16, 18 assume their relaxed position and define a generally three-dimensional Z-shaped configuration. When the cover is closed, each of the springs defines a generally C-shaped configuration as their respective end members 20R, 20L are urged downwardly toward the horizontal as the cover is closed.
The end members 22R, 22L are engaged by and restrained at their outer ends by means of brackets 24R, 24L which are secured to the outer surfaces of the curb sidewalls. Each bracket 24R, 24L has an outwardly projecting finger 26 which receives the end of its associated end member 22R, 22L as shown. The end members 20R, 20L of each torsion bar 16, 18 bear upwardly against the inner surface of the cover 12.
The cover is hinged for pivotal movement along the rear wall of the curb by a pair of cover hinges 28R, 28L
and a pair of reaction bars 30R, 30L. The cover hinges- 28R, 28L are secured to the right and left rearward corners, respectively, of the cover and are pivoted to the torsion bar springs 16, 18 at their laterally extending, outer regions as shown. Similarly, the reaction bars 30R, 3L are secured to the cover 12 by means of brackets 32R, 32L which, in turn, are secured to the cover 12. The other end of each reaction bar 30R, 30L is pivoted to the laterally extending outer region of each torsion bar 16, 18 outwardly of their associated cover hinges 28.
The vent also includes mating latching arrangements 34R, 34L and 36R, 36L on the cover 12 and curb 10 respectively. As described fully in the aforementioned U.S. Patent, these latching arrangements are effective to maintain the cover in a closed configuration and may be released, to enable the torsion spring 16, 18 to open the cover, by a fusible link 38, manual operable means 40 or electrical means (not shown).
In order to achieve the desired shock dampening when the cover opens, the vent employs a pair of hyillustrative thereof and that other embodiments and modifications may be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from its spirit.
Having thus described the invention what I desire to draulic piston type shock absorbers 42R, 42L. Each of 5 claim and secure by Letters Patent is:
the shock absorbers 42R, 42L is pivotally connected at its head end 44 to its associated sidewall of the curb at the pivots 46R, 46L respectively. The pivots 46R, 46L preferably are braced by brackets 48R, 46L as shown. Each of the shock absorbers 42R, 42L is arranged so that its piston rod 50R, 50L extends rearwardly. The rear end of each piston rod 50R, 50L is pivotally connected to its associated bracket 32R, 32L. As shown, in the preferred embodiment of the invention, the cylinder brackets 32R, 32L comprise U-shaped members which support transverse pins for pivotal connection to the piston rod and the locking bars 52R, 52L as described below.
In order to insure that the cover 12 remains in its open configuration after the vent has been opened, each rear corner of the device includes a lock bar 52R, 52L. The lock bar may comprise a length of angle iron as shown. Each lock bar 52R, 52L is pivoted at its rear end of the pivot pin in its associated cylinder bracket 32R, 32L and its forward end, is free. As shown in FIG. 3 when the cover is closed, the lock bar rests atop the cylinder of its associated shock absorber. When the cover is unlatched, and swings to its opened position, the lock bars 52 are drawn rearwardly, together with the extending piston rod of each shock absorber with the free end of each lock bar being drawn along the upper surface of its associated cylinder. Each of the lock bars 52 is of a length sufficiently short so that when the cover has swung to its open position, the free end of each lock bar is disposed rearwardly beyond the end of its associated cylinder. The free end of each lock bar then drops downwardly to rest on its associated piston rod so that its extreme free end may bear axially against the rear end of the shock absorber cylinder'as shown in FIG. 3. A reaction pad 54R, 54L may be secured to the rear end of each of the cylinders to bear the load of the free end of each lockbar. The cover may be reclosed simply by lifting the free ends of the lock bars. It should be noted that although in the illustrative embodiment, the lock bar comprises an angle iron, other cross sectional configurations for the lock bar may be employed which enables the bar to rest atop the-cylinder and then slide along the cylinder onto the piston rod of its associated shock absorber.
Thus, we have described an improved, simplified arran gement for reducing the shock of the relatively large forces ordinarily encountered when opening vents of the type described, which arrangement further includes a simplified, easily operable, automatic structure for locking the cover in its open position.
It should be understood, however, that the foregoing description of the invention is intended merely to be l. A roof covering construction comprising: side walls defining a curb and forming an enclosed well; a cover hinged to one of said side walls along a hinge line substantially along one of said side walls; means for biasing said cover toward an open position; a shock absorber having an elongate cylinder adapted to contain a fluid, a piston slidably disposed within said cylinder and a piston rod extending axially outwardly of one end of said cylinder; means pivotally connecting the head end of said cylinder to said curb for pivotal movement about a transverse axis; means pivotally connecting the outwardly extending end of said piston rod to said cover; and means for locking said cover in an open position comprising a locking bar pivoted at one end to said cover, the other end of said locking bar extending forwardly and paralleling generally said cylinder, the other end of said locking bar being adapted to rest on said cylinder and to slide therealong as said cover is opened, said locking bar being of a length so that the free end thereof may ride over the rod end of said cylinder and onto the extended piston rod thereof when said cover is in an open position whereby the free end of said locking bar thereafter may bear against the rod end of said cylinder, to lock said cover in said open position. 2. A roof covering construction as defined in claim 1 further comprising:
means mounting said pivoted end of said locking bar and the pivoted end of said piston rod to the same pivot whereby said locking bar may be drawn along said cylinder simultaneously and in unison with extension of said piston rod. 3. A roof covering construction as defined in claim 2 wherein said locking bar comprises:
an elongate rigid structural member of angled crosssectional configuration defined by a pair of elongate flanges; said locking bar being connected to said pivot at one of said flanges, the other of said flanges being disposed over and in alignment with the longitudinal axis of said cylinder and piston rod whereby said other flange may bear against said cylinder and piston rod and be supported thereby. 4. A roof covering construction as defined in claim 3 further comprising:
a bearing pad secured to the rod end of said cylinder and adapted to bear the load of said-free end of said locking bar.