|Publication number||US3792729 A|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 1974|
|Filing date||Jul 7, 1972|
|Priority date||Jul 7, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3792729 A, US 3792729A, US-A-3792729, US3792729 A, US3792729A|
|Original Assignee||Perry R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (31), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1 1 Feb. 19, 1974 I HEAT EXCHANGER  Inventor: Richard C. Perry, 205 S. 6th Ave.,
La Grange, 111. 60525  Filed: July 7, 1972  Appl. No.: 269,878
 US. Cl 165/76, 122/360, 165/175,
165/176, 165/178, 285/137 R, 285/368  Int. Cl F281 9/06  Field of Search 165/178, 175, 176, 76; 285/157, 368,137 R, 137 A  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,286,767 11/1966 Evans 16'5/162 X 3,422,884 1/1969 Otten 165/178 X 1,231,928 7/1917 Miller et al.7 285/137 R X 1,911,375 5/1933 Lucke 165/176 1,782,380 11/1930 Daley 165/176 3,326,279 6/1967 Eisberg. 285/137 R X 2,271,538 2/1942 Brace 165/76 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 177,200 1922 Great Britain 285/137 R Primary Examiner-Albert W. Davis, Jr. Assistant Examiner-S. .l. Richter Attorney, Agent, or FirmWolfe, Hubbard, Leydig,
Voit & Osann  ABSTRACT A heat exchanger includes two spaced, hollow headers each with a plurality of openings through one side. A
plurality of finned tubes are connected between the headers and communicate through the openings with the insides of the headers. lnterfitting parts mounted on opposite ends of the tubes are clamped together with the headers by bolts to hold sealing surfaces between the tubes and the headers together with a watertight fit, the bolts being removable to unclamp the parts with the headers to enable the tubes to be removed individually and replaced.
1 Claim, 7 Drawing Figures HEAT EXCHANGER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a heat exchanger in which heat may be transferred either to or from a liquid flowing through the exchanger. More particularly, the invention relates to an exchanger of the type in which a plurality of finned tubes extend between hollow headers which serve to direct the flow of fluid through the tubes so that heat either may be added or taken from the fluid by reason of being conducted through the fins on the tubes.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The primary object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved heat exchanger of the above general character which is easier and less expensive to service and repair and in which it is much easier to replace defective tubes than was possible heretofore in prior heat exchangers. A more specific object is to accomplish the foregoing with a heat exchanger in which the defective tubes may be removed and easily replaced with new tubes so that, when one or more tubes become defective in service use, this does not necessitate the replacement of the entire exchanger.
A further object is to provide an exchanger in which the tubes are releasably clamped together with the headers as a unitary assembly so that individual tubes may be unclamped and lifted from the assembly for replacement.
The invention also resides in the novel manner of mounting and arranging the parts of the exchanger to enable defective tubes to be removed individually from the exchanger.
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. I
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a water heating unit with parts broken away to show a heat exchanger embodying the novel features of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the exchanger with certain parts shown in cross section. 7
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary elevational view taken substantially along lines 3--3 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged exploded elevational view of parts of the exchanger.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of parts of an alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view of parts of the alternative embodiment.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken substantially along line 7-7 of FIG. 6.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown in the drawings for purposes of illustration, the present invention is embodied in a heat exchanger such as may be used in a hot water heater 16 to heat water flowing through the exchanger. Herein, the exchanger is mounted adjacent the top of the heater above a burner 17 located in the bottom of the heater. More particularly, the exchanger includes eight tubes 19 of equal length extending parallel to each other between two spaced headers 20 and 21. The opposite ends of the tubes communicate with the hollow insides of the headers through spaced openings 23 in the front wall 24 of the rear header 20 and in the rear wall 25 of the front header 21. Fixed around each of the tubes a plurality of rings or fins 26 for absorbing heat from the burner to heat the water flowing through the tubes.
The water enters the exchanger 15 through an inlet 27 in the rear header 20 and flows out of the rear header through four of the openings 23 and into four of the tubes 19 to flow toward the front header 21. As shown in FIG. 2, the inside of the rear header is divided into an inlet chamber 29 and an outlet chamber 30 by a partition 31 so that the water must flow toward the front header and over the burner 17 to be heated. In the front header, the water enters a single large chamber 33 through four of the openings 23 and flows (as indicated by the arrows in FIG. 2) through the large chamber and out through the remaining four openings. The water then makes a second pass over the burner flowing through the other four tubes toward the rear header and into the outlet chamber 30. The latter communicates with the storage tank (not shown) through an outlet 34 in the rear wall 35 of the rear header. Thus, water flowing through the exemplary exchanger passes over the burner twice to be heated.
In accordance with the primary aspect of the present invention, provision is made for releasably clamping the tubes 19 together as a unitary assembly with the headers 20 and 21 to enable tubes which have become defective in service use, as by mineral deposit, leaks and the like, to be removed individually and replaced with new tubes. For this purpose, two sealing members 36 are mounted on each tube, one permanently sealed to the tube adjacent each end of the tube, and sealing surfaces 37 on the members 36 coact individually with sealing surfaces 39 disposed around the openings 23 in the headers. Releasable clamping means hold the headers and the tubes together as a unitary assembly with the surfaces 37 and 39 in sealing engagement. To replace a defective tube in the exchanger, the sealing members may be unclamped from the headers to enable the defective tube with its associated sealing members to be removed from the-exchanger for replacement with a new tube. Thus, with the present arrangement, tubes may be replaced quickly and easily without difficulty and without having to replace an entire exchanger simply because one or more of the tubes is defective.
More particularly, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 6, the sealing members 36 are telescoped over the ends of the tubes 19, each tube being received in a central hole 40 in the member and permanently sealed to the member around the entire periphery of the hole. Holding the headers 20 and 21 on the ends of the tubes are the releasable clamping means which herein includes the sealing members 36, two spaced supports 44 and fastening elements in the form of screws 41 connected between the headers and the supports so that the sealing surfaces are clamped together in a watertight fit.
As each of the tubes 19 is mounted essentially in the same manner, for convenience of description, only one mounting arrangement will be described in detail. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 through'4, the sealing member 36 and the support 44 are separate parts of the exchanger 15, the support being mounted on the tube 19 inwardly of and in abutment with the sealing member. More particularly, the sealing member is a generally circular plate or sealing ring and is fixed on the tube inwardly of the end. A ring gasket 45 mounted around the end portionof the tube adjacentthe outer surface of the sealing ring tapers from the ring toward the end of the tube to form one of the sealing surfaces 37. Holding the header 21 clamped against the sealing ring and the sealing surface 37 against its complementary surface 39 are the screws 41. The latter extend through upper and lower tabs 43 on the header and into the support 44 and serve to hold the support, the sealing ring and the header together. Thus, with the screws tightened down, the two sealing surfaces 37 and 39 are wedged together in a watertight fit.
Advantageously, the unique construction of the support 44 enables the tubes 19 to be removed individually from the exchanger once the headers and 21 have been unclamped from the sealing rings 36. To this end, the support comprises an elongated channel 46 which includes parallel inner and outer side walls 47 and 49 extending upwardly from a horizontal base 50. Each of the side walls includes eight upwardly opening slots 51 (see FIG. 4), one for each of the eight tubes. The slots in the outer wall 49 are aligned with the slots in the inner wall 47 so that, when the tubes are inserted into the slot, they extend generally perpendicular to the channel. Between the slots, the walls keep the tubes from moving transversly relative to the support or, in other words, horizontally broadwise toward or away from each other. More particularly, because both ends of the tubes are mounted within similar supports 44, the tubes are held together parallel to each other. In addition, the tubes are held against moving axially with respect to each other as a result of the clamping of the support against the sealing ring.
To hold the tubes 19 downwardly within the slots 51, an elongatedbar or flat plate 53 fits between the side walls 47 and 49 of the channel 46 and includes eight downwardly opening slots 54 corresponding to the slots 51. The downwardly opening slots straddle the end portion of the tubes between the walls as the bar is held within the channel 46 by means of a plurality of the screws 41. The latter are fastened through aligned bores 55 in both the walls 47 and .49 and the bar 53 thereby holding the bar between the two walls and against movement upwardly with'respect to the channel. Thus, the end portion of adjacent tubes are captivated within the slots 51 and 54 against moving vertically with respect to each other.
As seen from the foregoing, the present arrangement enables one or more old and defective tubes 19 to be removed individually from the exchanger 15 and replaced with new tubes without having to replace the entire exchanger. This may be done very simply and easily first by removing the screws 41 to disconnect the headers 20 and 21 from the opposite end of the tubes. Then, after removing the bars 53 from the channels 46, the defective tubes may be lifted from the channels and replaced with new tubes.
An alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, and in this form, the support 44' of the clamping means for holding the header 2] and the tube 19 together is integrally formed with the scaling members 36. More particularly, each memher is formed as a generally rectangular sealing plate and includes a central hole 40' receiving the one end portion of the tube 19' and, as with each of the circular sealing rings 36, the tube is sealed permanently with the sealing plate around the entire periphery of the hole. The support 44' includes an elongated tongue 56 formed integrally with one side of the plate and projecting outwardly therefrom. A groove 57 is formed in the opposite side of the sealing plate and is defined by two parallel flanges 59 integrally formed with and extending vertically along the side of the sealing plate. As shown in FIG. 6, the tongues'and grooves of adjacent sealing plates interfit with 21 the each other and are held together by additional parts of the clamping means, namely, upper and lower screws 60 fastened through aligned holes 61 and 63 in the flanges and tongues respectively, to hold the sealing members together so to provide the support for clamping the headerson the tubes.
As in the first described embodiment, the headers 20' and 21' are clamped to the sealing members or plates 36' by screws 41 to effect a watertight seal between the ends of the tubes 19' and the openings 23' in the headers. in the alternative embodiment, a sealing gasket 64 is embedded in each of the sealing plates around the periphery of the hole 40' and is engaged by a sealing surface 39' formed around the opening in the header, the outer surface of the gasket serving as the corresponding sealing surface 37.
To replace defective tubes 19" in the alternative embodiment, the screws 41 must be removed first to unfasten the header 21 from the sealing plates 36. Then, by selectively removing the screws 60 to loosen the defective tube, the latter can be lifted from the unit and replaced with a new tube. Advantageously, the tongues 56 (see FIG. 5) in the two sealing plates at the opposite ends of each tube face in the same direction and likewise the grooves 57 in the two sealing plates open in the same direction and opposite that of the tongue. This arrangement enables each tube to be turned endwise so that either end ofthe tube may align to fit on either the front header 21 or the back header 20 notwithstanding the orientation of the grooves and tongues exposed in the exchanger 15 prior to inserting the new tube.
1 claim as my invention:
1. A heat exchanger including two hollow headers spaced from-each other and each having a plurality of openings through one side thereof, a' plurality of finned tubes extending generally parallel with each other be tween said headers and communicating through said openings with the insides of said headers,.a plurality of generally circular sealing plates each with a central hole extending therethrough, two of said plates being mounted on each of said tubes, said two plates being telescoped over the opposite end portions of each tube with each plate being sealed permanently to the tube around the entire periphery of each hole, a set of outwardly facing sealing surfaces on said sealing plates around said holes, a second set of sealing surfaces formed around said openings and facing said firstmentioned surfaces, two spaced support channels each with inner and outer side walls extending parallel to each other and upwardly from a horizontal base, said two channels being mounted adjacent opposite ends of the tubes and extending transversely thereof with each of said outer walls abutting said sealing plates, a plurality of upwardly opening first slots formed in each of said side walls with each slot axially aligned with a corresponding slot in the other side wall and receiving the end portion of one of said tubes, two bars 7 each of said bars telescoped edgewise between said inner and outer second slots, said screw means also being connected with the adjacent headers to hold said first and second sets of sealing surfaces together with a watertight fit and being releasable to permit said tubes with their associated sealing plates to be lifted individually from the exchanger.
" I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 69 CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 792,729 Dated February 19, 1974 flfilkiehard C. Perrv It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Claim 1, line 67 of Column 4, erase "7" and insert therefor; Also in Claim 1, line l.-of Column .5 erase "of said channels side wall's" and insert -side walls of said channels therefor.
.fsi efld and sealed this. 19th day of November 1974.
MCCOY M. GIBSON-JR. qc. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1231928 *||Dec 2, 1916||Jul 3, 1917||Locomotive Superheater Co||Superheater.|
|US1782380 *||Apr 23, 1927||Nov 18, 1930||Bell & Gossett Co||Unrestricted-return water heater|
|US1911375 *||Mar 14, 1930||May 30, 1933||Babcock & Wilcox Co||Fluid heater and method of operating the same|
|US2271538 *||Apr 25, 1938||Feb 3, 1942||Hoover Co||Heat exchange and method of making the same|
|US3286767 *||Oct 1, 1964||Nov 22, 1966||Babcock & Wilcox Co||Tube support arrangement|
|US3326279 *||Mar 21, 1966||Jun 20, 1967||Carrier Corp||Heat exchanger|
|US3422884 *||Dec 28, 1966||Jan 21, 1969||Baldwin Lima Hamilton Corp||Condenser tube bundles|
|GB177200A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3869152 *||Mar 27, 1974||Mar 4, 1975||Gen Motors Corp||Tube mounting assembly|
|US4019570 *||Jul 9, 1975||Apr 26, 1977||Sidney Siegel||Heating and cooling apparatus|
|US4070825 *||Oct 14, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||United Turbine Ab & Co.||Gas turbine power plant|
|US4091768 *||Dec 20, 1976||May 30, 1978||Raypak Produkten B.V.||Gas-fired boiler|
|US4119144 *||Jul 29, 1976||Oct 10, 1978||Union Carbide Corporation||Improved heat exchanger headering arrangement|
|US4183402 *||May 5, 1978||Jan 15, 1980||Union Carbide Corporation||Heat exchanger headering arrangement|
|US4191244 *||Feb 9, 1978||Mar 4, 1980||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Modular heat exchanger with resilient mounting and sealing element|
|US4215744 *||Jun 30, 1978||Aug 5, 1980||Solartrap, Inc.||Heat exchanger|
|US4295521 *||Aug 15, 1980||Oct 20, 1981||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Heat exchanger core mounting apparatus|
|US4305385 *||Jun 20, 1979||Dec 15, 1981||Volkmar Heuser||Solar collector|
|US4474230 *||Aug 31, 1982||Oct 2, 1984||Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation||Fluidized bed reactor system|
|US4485867 *||Feb 8, 1982||Dec 4, 1984||Ex-Cell-O Corporation||Heat exchanger|
|US4502530 *||Sep 23, 1982||Mar 5, 1985||Carrier Corporation||Waterbox for a shell and tube heat exchanger|
|US4548261 *||May 11, 1984||Oct 22, 1985||The Air Preheater Company, Inc.||Plurality of tubular heat exchanger modules|
|US4858681 *||Nov 16, 1988||Aug 22, 1989||Tui Industries||Shell and tube heat exchanger|
|US4871014 *||May 23, 1988||Oct 3, 1989||Tui Industries||Shell and tube heat exchanger|
|US5137080 *||Jun 20, 1991||Aug 11, 1992||Caterpillar Inc.||Vehicular radiator and module construction for use in the same|
|US5275233 *||Jan 25, 1993||Jan 4, 1994||Ingersoll-Rand Company||Apparatus for removing moisture from a hot compressed gas|
|US5289870 *||Jan 21, 1993||Mar 1, 1994||Dierbeck Robert F||Mounting assembly for a modular heat exchanger|
|US7669899 *||Mar 2, 2010||Car-Ber Investments Inc.||Pipe testing tool with magnetic clamps|
|US8573655||Mar 1, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||Car-Ber Investments Inc.||Pipe sealing tool with external clamp|
|US8794299 *||Feb 27, 2007||Aug 5, 2014||Modine Manufacturing Company||2-Pass heat exchanger including thermal expansion joints|
|US8955551||Aug 30, 2012||Feb 17, 2015||Car-Ber Investments Inc.||Pipe sealing tool with external and internal clamp|
|US20080202739 *||Feb 27, 2007||Aug 28, 2008||Barfknecht Robert J||2-Pass heat exchanger including internal bellows assemblies|
|US20080211228 *||Apr 4, 2008||Sep 4, 2008||Car-Ber Investments Inc.||Pipe testing tool with magnetic clamps|
|EP0067699A1 *||Jun 14, 1982||Dec 22, 1982||Delanair Limited||Heat exchangers|
|EP2275744A1 *||Jul 17, 2009||Jan 19, 2011||Thermic Investments S.A.||Heavy-duty stove with built-in boiler|
|WO1979000605A1 *||Jan 15, 1979||Aug 23, 1979||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Modular heat exchanger with resilient mounting and sealing element|
|WO1992004583A1 *||Aug 13, 1991||Mar 19, 1992||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Gas-fired water heater|
|WO1993019340A1 *||Mar 25, 1993||Sep 30, 1993||Air Blast Radiators Ltd.||Sealing means|
|WO2005064259A1 *||Dec 31, 2003||Jul 14, 2005||Giannoni S.P.A.||Heat exchanger for water-heating apparatuses|
|U.S. Classification||165/76, 165/175, 122/360, 285/368, 165/176, 285/124.2, 165/178|
|International Classification||F28F9/04, F28F9/06, F24H1/14, F24H1/12|
|Cooperative Classification||F24H1/145, F28F9/06|
|European Classification||F24H1/14C, F28F9/06|