|Publication number||US3793563 A|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 1974|
|Filing date||Nov 8, 1972|
|Priority date||Nov 8, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3793563 A, US 3793563A, US-A-3793563, US3793563 A, US3793563A|
|Original Assignee||Analog Devices Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (32), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Brefka Feb. 19, 1974 3,248,078 220/3 5 2,426,800 Triplett............................... 324/l56 CASE FOR PANEL-MOUNTED ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS  Inventor:
Primary ExaminerRobert K. Schaefer Assistant Examiner-'Gerald F. Tolin Attorney, Agent  Assignee:
, 0r Firm-Howard M. Bollinger 57 ABSTRACT A protective case arranged to contain an electrical in-  Filed:
strument and to mount it upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein is characterized by a tubular extruded body cut to preselected length to match the instrument contained, and a panel mount 0 NOH B 0H 27 21 U S Cl  Int. Cl. 5 secured to the tubular body at one open end and havmg a mounting flange opposing resilient stepped catches to engage therebetween instrument panels of arbitrary thickness with the flange in each case abutting the front face of the instrument panel. The flange has snap catches located in its outer periphery to removably engage a front cover so that its peripheral 220/3'6 wall is in flush contact with the instrument panel.
220/3.6 7 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures m xx References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1968 Bassani........................... 7/1968 Di Pilla...... 2/1962 34 3, 02 24 I200 ,4 732 02; 1 03 U 1 9 3 4% 0 6 1 9& 3 72 11 3 1 .H2 "8 n3 n3 n7 ml SH 7 01 3 l CASE FOR PANEL-MOUNTED ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention This invention relates to cases or housings for electrical instruments, and more particularly to such cases which are to be mounted upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein. An example of the use of such cases is in the mounting of digital panel meters.
2. Description of the Prior Art Known cases forpanel-mounted instruments are generally fabricated to accommodate particular instruments. New instruments require anew design and new tooling. Moreover, known case constructions do not lend themselves well to rapid and sure mounting on an instrument panel. Where screw fasteners are employed, mounting can be time-consuming and tedious. In addition, known cases do not readily provide for flush mounting on the instrument panel and concealment of the mounting means irrespective of the thickness of the panel. These and other drawbacks of known constructions for panel-mounted cases tend to'make such cases expensive, difficult to use, and lacking in esthetic appeal.
SU MMARY OF. THE INVENTION The objects of the present invention are to provide panel-mounted instruments with a case whose design and construction adapt very easily to different electrical instruments, whose construction permits the case to be easily mounted to'an instrument panel of arbitrary thickness, and to be mounted with the instrument cover in flush engagement with the instrument panel irrespective of the thickness of the panel.
According to the invention, the protective case for containing an electrical instrument and for mounting it upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein, comprises a tubular extruded body with open ends and having fastener receiving channels formed at selected interior points and extending throughout the length of the body. Secured to the tubular body at one open end is a panel mounting member which has a flange abutting the frontfaec of the instrument panel and catches, for example ofa stepped type, which resiliently engage the rear face of the instrument panel and hold the case in position. In additional aspects, the panel mounting member has snap catches formed in the outer periphery of its flange which engage a wall formed about the perimeter of a front cover. The front cover thus fits flush against the front face of the instrument panel, concealing the panel mounting member, with an esthetically pleasing appearance, but is readily removed.
In another aspect, the present invention relates to a method for making protective cases for panel-mounted instruments. The method entails forming a tubular body as described above by extruding it as a continuous member with fastener receiving channels in its interior surface, cutting the extruded tubular member into individual bodies with lengths accommodating the particular instruments to be housed, and thereafter fastening end portions on the tubular bodies by means of fasteners inserted into the fastener receiving channels in the bodies.
. 2 Other objects, aspects and advantages of the invention will be pointed out in, or apparent from, the detailed description hereinbelow, considered together with the following drawings.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective view of a protective case constructed according to the principles of the present invention, showing it as attached to an instrument panel and containing a digital panel meter;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the formation of tubular bodies employed in the protective case ofthe present invention;
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the case shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the case shown in FIG. 1, with portions in section;
FIG. 5 is a front elevation of the case of FIG. 1, with portions of the front cover removed;
FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the case of FIG. 1, as seen from the right side of FIG. '5',
FIG. 7 is a section on line 7-7 of FIG. 5; and
FIGS. 8 and 9 are partial sections through the catches showing fastening of the case to instrument panels of different thicknesses.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FlG. l illustrates a protective enclosure or case 10 constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention. The case 10 houses an electrical instrument 12, such as the digital panel meter shown in FIG. 1, and is arranged for mounting upon an instrument panel 14 having an opening 16 provided therein (see, e.g., FIGS. 4 and 7). As shown in FIG. 3, case 10 has a tubular body member 20, a rear cover 22 fastened over one open end of tubular body 20, a panel mount ing member 24 fastened at the other open end of tubular body 20, and a front cover 26 which engages panel mounting member 24.
In order to permit case 10 to accommodate electrical instruments 12 of varying dimensions, the tubular body 20 is cut to suitable length L from an extruded member 28 (FIG. 2), formed for example of aluminum. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the tubular member 28, and hence each tubular body 20, has a rectangular cross section with four side walls. In the interior corners where the side walls join, rounded channels 30 are formed between extruded ridges or walls 32 to receive screw fasteners 34 (FIGS. 3 and 4). Accordingly, for whatever length L is desired for tubular body 20, there will exist automatically upon cutting of tubular member 28 a set of four fastener receiving channels 30 at each open end of tubular body 20.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, rear cover 22 and panel mounting member 24 of case 10 are attached to the tu bular body 20 by means of screw fasteners 34 which are inserted intofastener receiving channels 30.
Panel mounting member 24, as shown in FIGS. 3.
through 6, is formed from a single piece of injection molded plastic, and is arranged to automatically grip instrument panel 14 when case 10 is inserted in opening 16 therein. Panel mounting member 24 has a planar portion 40 which abuts the end surface of tubular body 20 and provides a flange 42iext'ending outwardly from the periphery of tubular body 20 so as to contact the front face 14F of instrument panel 14 (FIGS. 7-9). Ex-
tending rearward from planar portion 40, in contact with opposite side walls of tubular body 20, are four U- shaped frames 44 carrying resilient catch members 46.
In their normal state (FIG. 3), the resilient catch members 46 extend at an angle from tubular body 20. When case is inserted in opening 16 in instrument panel 14, resilient catch members 46 first flex inwardly when passing through the opening, and then return outwardly as their beveled front faces 48 begin to pass the rear face 14R of instrument panel 14. As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the beveled front face 48 of each catch member 46 is formed with a succession of steps or ridges which are spaced closely together and which are capable of engaging the rear edge 14E of instrument panel 14 where opening 16 intersects rear face 14R.
Because the catch members 46 are resilient, being biased outwardly against instrument panel 14, and because beveled surfaces 48 have a succession of steps or ridges, case 10 may be mounted upon both thin instrument panels (FIG. 8) and thick instrument panels (FIG. 9) equally well simply by inserting the case into opening 16 in instrument panel 14. It is necessary, of course, that opening 16 be dimensionsed suitably to receive case 10.
As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, whether instrument panel 14 is thick or thin, flange 42 will be held by catches 46 in abutment with the front face 14F of the instrument panel. In accordance with the present invention, front cover 26 is removably attached around flange 42 and held flush with the front face 14F of the instrument panel. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 7, cover 26, made generally of transparent clear or tinted plastic to permit viewing of instrument 12, is molded with a center wall 26C joining with a peripheral wall 26P which extends rearwardly a distance equal to the thickness of flange 42 so as to terminate at the front face 14F of the instrument panel. Flange 42 has notches 50 provided in its rear edge (FIG. 3), and cover 26 has detents 52 extending from the inside of peripheral wall 26F in locations for engagement with notches 50. Accordingly, front cover 26 is engaged with a snap fit-to panel mounting member 24 simply by pressing it over flange 42 so that the detents 52 will snap into notches 50. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 6-9, front cover 26 then is in flush engagement with the front face 14F ofinstrument panel 14. By simply lifting it from flange 42, however, front cover 26 may be readily removed for access to trimming or adjusting elements on the front of instrument 12, such as numeral adjustment studs'on digital panel meters. Case 10, therefore, may be mounted to arbitrary thicknesses of instrument panel 14, and'front cover 26 automatically but removably covers opening 16 and panel mounting member 24 with a flush, esthetically pleasing,
Construction of case 10 proceeds by first extruding and cutting a tubular body 20 in the manner described above. Next, pre-molded panel mounting members 24 are attached to tubular body 20 with screw fasteners 34, the electrical instrument 12 is placed in tubular body 20, and pre-molded rear cover 22 is secured to tubular body 20 with screw fasteners 34.
To aid in locating rear wall 22 and panel mounting member 24 in proper position over the ends of tubular body 20, locating ridges 60 are provided which rest against the inside surfaces of the side walls of tubular body 20 (see FIGS. 3, 4 and 7-9). With front cover 26 either attached or removed from panel mounting memher 24, the case 10 is inserted into an opening 16 in an instrument panel 14. In the manner described above, resilient catch members automatically engage the rear face 14R of the instrument panel to hold case 10 between flange 42 and beveled surfaces 48. Front cover 26 then has its peripheral wall 261 in engagement with the frontface 14F of the instrument panel.
Although specific embodiments of the invention have been disclosed herein in detail, it is to be understood that this is for the purpose of illustrating the invention and should not be construed as necessarily limiting the scope of the invention, since it is apparent that many changes can be made to the disclosed structures and methods by those skilled in the art to suit particular applications.
1. A protective case for containing an electrical instrument and arranged to be mounted upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein, comprising:
a tubular body having side walls, a uniform cross section throughout its length, and open ends and accommodating the electrical instrument therewithin;
channels formed in the tubular body and extending throughout its length for receiving fasteners;
Panel mounting means secured to the tubular bodyat one open end by means of fasteners in said fastener receiving channels;
the panel mounting means having a planar member extending beyond the periphery of the tubular body to form flange means for abutting the front face of the instrument panel, and means for engaging the rear face of theinstrument panel comprising resilient catches attached to the planar member and movably depressed as the case is inserted in the panel opening, and flexing outwardly thereafter to engage the rear face of the'panel, so that the instrument panel is held between said flange means and said engaging means; and
a front cover over the flange means provided on the panel mounting means, and over the fasteners securing the tubular body to the panel mounting means.
2. A protective case as claimed in claim 1 wherein the tubular body has four side walls and said fastener receiving channels are located in the interior corners of the tubular body and are formed by ridges integral with the tubular body.
3. A protective case as claimed in claim 4 wherein the resilient catches for engaging the rear face of the instrument panel have stepped engaging surfaces which are beveled so as to engage the panel .at the edge of the opening therein, whereby instrument panels of arbitrary thickness can be engaged by the resilient catches.
4.A protective case as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cover has a central wall and a wall about its perimeter arranged to fit over the flange means on the panel mounting means, whereby said cover fits in flush engagement with the front face of the instrument panel.
5. A protective case for containing an electrical instrument and arranged to be mounted upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein, comprising:
a tubular body having side walls and open ends and accommodating the electrical instrument therewithin, 7
means formed in the tubular body for receiving fasteners;
panel mounting means secured to the tubular body at one open end by means of fasteners in said receiving means;
the panel mounting means having flange means for abutting the front face of the instrument panel and means for engaging the rear face of the instrument panel so that the instrument panel is held between said flange means and said engaging means; and
a front cover over the flange means provided on the panel mounting means,
said cover having a central .wall about its perimeter fitting over the flange means on the panel mounting means, whereby said cover fits in flush engagement with the front face of the instrument panel,
said flange means and said cover being arranged with notches and detent means for engaging the flange means outer periphery with the perimetric wall of said cover, whereby said cover is engaged with the flange means by a snap fitting interlock.
6. A protective case as claimed in claim 1 further comprising a rear cover secured to the tubular body at its other open end by means of fasteners inserted into the fastener receiving channels of the tubular body.
7. A protective case for obtaining a digital panel meter of the type having a front adjustment element and arranged to mount the digital panel meter upon an instrument panel in an opening provided therein, comprising a tubular body having side walls and open ends and accommodating the digital panel meter therewithin;
panel mounting means secured to the tubular body at one open end, the panel mounting means having flange means for abutting the front face of the instrument panel and means for engaging the rear face of the instrument panel so that the instrument panel is held between said flange means and said engaging means; and
a front cover over the flange means on the panel mounting means in flush contact with the front face of the instrument panel and covering the face of the digital panel meter;
said front cover and flange means having detent means for securing the front cover to the flange means and for permitting removal of the front cover to provide access to the adjusting element of the digital panel meter therebehirid.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION 1 atent No. 93,563 M Y I Dated Febfuafv 19, 1974 Inyentofls) v i ul l fi f i It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that; said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 4, line 49 Change "4" 'to l- Column 5,. line 24 I Change "obtaining" to -containin Signedgand sealed this 2nd day of Ju1y l97 4.-
EDWARD M." FLBTCHERJR. C.MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer commissipner of Patents v DRM PC4050 (10-69) "uscommroc scan-p09 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE v v CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 I 793 563 v Dated Februarv 19; 1974 Inventofls) aul v B fki It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown 'below:
Column 4, line 49 Change "4" 'to l Column 5, line 24 I Change "obtaining" to --con ta ining- Signed and sealed, this 2nd day of July; 1974.-
(SEAL) Attest: g v
EDWARD M. FLETCHER,JR. C.MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents ORM PQ'WSO I '-uscomwoc agave-ps9
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|U.S. Classification||361/627, 324/156, 220/3.8, 248/27.3|
|International Classification||H02B1/015, H02B1/048|