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Publication numberUS3794201 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1974
Filing dateFeb 25, 1971
Priority dateFeb 25, 1971
Publication numberUS 3794201 A, US 3794201A, US-A-3794201, US3794201 A, US3794201A
InventorsGaler H
Original AssigneeUnited States Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Securely closed containers
US 3794201 A
Abstract
Containers are provided with ratchet locking mechanisms that prevent loosening of closures from vibration or otherwise but may be easily released when the closure is to be removed.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[111 3,794,201 51 Feb. 26, 1974 4] SECURELY CLOSED CONTAINERS [75] Inventor: Herbert W. Galer, Circleville, Ohio [.73] Assigneez- United States Steel Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pa.

221 Filed: Feb. 25, 1971 211 A pp1.No.:ll8,798

[52] US. Cl. 215/9, 222/153 [51] Int. Cl. 86511 55/02 [58] Field of Search 215/9, 47, 44, 98; 222/153;

[56] References Cited I UNITED STATES PATENTS i 3,612,323 10/1971 Malick .Q 215/9 3,445,022 5/1969 Cilluffo 215/9 2,356,901 8/1944 Wackman 220/39A 3,422,978

1/1969 Quackenbush ..215/9 I Primary Examiner-George T. Hall Attorney, Agent, or Firm-John E. Callaghan 571 ABSTRACT Containers are provided with ratchet locking mechanisms that prevent loosening of closures from vibration or otherwise but may be easily released when the closure is to be removed.

' 9 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures Pmmtnrwe 5.794.201

HERBERT GALER Afro/nay l. SECURELY CLOSED CONTAINERS This invention relates to containers and their-associa ted closures to prevent unwanted loosening of the closure fromvibration during transportation, small children; and other causes. These containers are to be securely closed even through repeated usage.

OBJECTS It is among the objects .of this invention to provide a container with a body member having a pour opening and associated closure member that are positively locked in fluid engaging relationship by a pawl and ratchet means and by longitudinal restraining engagement means. It is to provide such a container wherein there is a conjunctive relationship between these means that requires the locking means to be continuously engageable while the longitudinal restraining means is disengaged. Further, eitherthe body member or the closure may carry either the pawl or the ratchet, selection of the one determining the other. Other portions of the body member may cooperate with the closure to form a pour surface and/or a security seal.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION taining means. There is also a pawl and ratchetlocking means 'with the ratchet annularly disposed about the pour opening. Unless the engaged pawl and ratchet are released, the closure is positively locked .to the body member; this pawl and ratchet may be used repeatedly I during the course of opening the closure and upon repeated use of the container.

FIG. 1 illustrates the container. 1

FIG. 2 illustrates the'closure having a plug engage- FIG. 5 illustrates the release member and'ratchet of FIG. 4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION AND DRAWINGS In FIG. 1, the closure (.I) and the body (4) together comprise a container for fluids. When the closure is tightened upon the pour spout, pawl (2) engages each member of the ratchet (5) annularly, disposed about the pour opening. As long as the closure is being tightened, the pawl successively engages'each ratchet member, this provides positive locking of the closure against loosening. The pawl will be in releasable engagement with the ratchet by means of the release member (3) shown as an upstanding thumb lever. To loosen the closure by disengagement from the pour opening, the pawl-ratchet engagement must simultaneously be released by the release member. Whenever the release member is not so used, the pawl again locks with the ratchet to prevent loosening. By this continuous engageability the closure is positively locked against the body bothwhile closing and loosening. The closure and pour opening are shown adjacent to an edge of the body; the elevated portion (6) of the body forms a liquid retention area so that the pour opening and closure can form a pouring surface over the body edge. Additionally, the body may have a handle (7) to transport the container. In the handle is a security member '(8),

shown as a hole. A similarsecurity member (3a) may be on the pawl. These may be used for threading tamper proof indicators such as sealed ribbons or wires between the closure and handle.

The ratchet as shown is a full annular section about the pour opening. It may also have the segment of teeth removed that are on the edge of the body in the direct pourpath of the pour opening in order to have the edge molded properly and to facilitate pouring. There will be enough remaining adjoining ratchet teeth in the annular section to positively lock the closure to the body.

Both the closure and the body may be made of any suitable material, such as thermoplastic resin, that has sufficient impact strength to pass the four-foot drop test for containers in the interstate shipment-of harmful, dangerous or toxic liquids. The invention is particularly suitable for polyethylene containers in which loosening by vibration during transportation is an especially acute problem.

The construction embraces wide mouth containers as well as those having a relatively small pour opening. Tight head containers of 5 to 55 gallon capacity are especially preferred.

In FIG. 2, the closure (Ill) has a pawl (12) and a re lease member (13). Instead of having longitudinal restraining means such as an'inte'rnally threaded cap with pour spout, this closure has a threaded plug (14) to engage an appropriately threaded pour opening. Again, a construction such as" the elevated body portion ('6) shown in FIG. 1 would act to channel liquid being poured over the edge'of the body.

A multiple pawl structure is shown in FIG. 3. The closure (21) may have two or more pawls (22) joined to a common release member (23). These pawls may be spaced from each other a sufficient distance so that one pawl will engage the full ratchet element surface when the other pawl is not so engaged, a distance of at least one half the length of a ratchet element being preferred.

The embodiment of the invention-in which the closure is the member carrying a ratchetis shown in FIG.

4. The closure (41) has a ratchet (42) on the release member (43). On the body member, there are one or a pour opening and the ratchet will positively lockthe closure in each position against loosening. In order to open the pour opening, the release member and ratchet must be slide free of engagement with the pawls on the body while the closure is loosened.

In more detail, FIG. 5 shows the release member of FIG. 4insection. Release member (51) has key slots I about the fluid retaining member by adhesives or thermo welding. Key slots (54) have enough compressible material (55) so that a constant tension will be exerted against the keys to keep the ratchet (52) engaged with its pawls. The slot itself is of a length and width sufficient to allow the ratchet to be disengaged when the release member is slid away from the ratchet.

The advantages of these constructions in the practice of the invention are that the closure will be positively locked to the body. Even if the closure is not fully secured to the body, the locking mechanism will prevent loosening of the closure. Moreover, the conjunctive relationship between the locking mechanism and the longitudinal engaging means requires simultaneous disengagement of these mechanisms to loosen the closures. This prevents accidental openings by small children as well as vibrational loosening. The manipulative technique to perform this simultaneous disengagement may be easily done by one hand with the closure and body combinations set forth above. The pour opening and closure may be located on the top horizontal surface or on a vertical surface or on an oblique surface of the body. Y

The invention set forth and described above includes not only the embodiments specifically described but also the substantial equivalents of these embodiments.

I claim:

1. For a hollow container having a body and a closure,

pour opening in said body,

b. a closure adapted to close said pour opening to retain fluid contents in said container,

c. and locking means associated with said body and said closure for repeated, releasable, positive locking of said closure in fluid retaining position in said pour opening,

1. said locking means having a ratchet annularly disposed about said pour opening and carried by one member of said body and said closure,

2. at least one pawl carried by the other member of said body and said closure, operable to engage said ratchet to positively lock said closure to said body against disengagement when said closure is in fluid retaining relationship with said body,

d. and means for causing relative longitudinal restraining engagement between said closure and said pour opening, said locking means and said longitudinal restraining engagement means being in conjunctive.relationship so that said locking means is engageable for positive locking while said longitudinal restraining means is disengaged, and

e. said pour opening and said closure being located adjacent to an' edge of saidbody member and an elevated fluid engaging portion of said body memher being adjacent to said closure and pour opening and cooperating to form a pouring surface.

2. For a hollow container having a thermoplastic body and closure,

a. a pour opening in said body,

b. a closure adapted to close said pour opening to retain fluid contents in said container,

c. and locking means associated with said body and said closure for repeated releasable positive locking of said closure in fluid retaining position in said pour opening,

1. said locking means having a ratchet annularly disposed about said pour opening and carried by said body,

2. at least two pawls carried by said closure, operable to engage said ratchet to positively lock said I closure to said body against disengagement when said closure is in fluid retaining relationship with said body, said pawls being hingedly attached to and extending outwardly from said closure and being disposed in the region of said closure adjacent to said body,

d. and means for causing relative longitudinal restraining engagement between said closure and said pour opening, said locking means and said longitudinal restraining engagement means being in conjunctive relationship so that each pawl of said locking means is engageable for positive locking while said longitudinalrestraining means is disengaged, and

e. said pour opening and said closure being located adjacent to an edge of said body member and an elevated fluid engaging portion ofsaid body member being adjacent to said closure and pour opening and cooperating to form a pouring surface.

3. The container of claim 2 wherein said ratchet comprises a semi-circular segment disposed about said pouropening and which segment has its terminal portions adjacent to said pour surface.

4. The container of claim 2 wherein said container body is made of polyethylene and has a capacity of about 5 to 55 gallons.

5. The container of claim 2 wherein the closure and body contain an additional security means to permanently engage the closure with the body.

6. For a hollow container having a thermoplastic body and closure,

a. a pour opening in said body,

b. a one-piece closure adapted to close said pour opening to retainfluid contents in said container, said closure being in the form ofa cap with internal threads, and having pawls extending from the surface of said cap,

c. and locking means associated with said body and said closure for repeated, releasable, positive locking of said closure in fluid'retaining position in said pour opening,

1. said locking means disposed about said pour opening and carried by said body,

2. at least two pawls carried by said closure, said pawls being disposed in the region of said closure adjacent to said body and said pawls being hingedly attached to and extending outwardly from the surface of said closure, said pawls being operable to engage said ratchet to positively lock said closure to said body against disengagement when said closure is in fluid retaining relationship with said body,

d. and means on said body in the form of an externally threaded spout about said pour opening for causing relative longitudinal restraining engagement between said closure and said pour opening, each pawl of said locking means being in conjunctive relationship with said longitudinal restraining engagement so that said locking means is engageable for positive locking while said longitudinal engagement is disengaged.

having a ratchet annularly nently engage the closure with the body.

9. The container ofclaim 6 wherein said'pawls are spaced apart at least one half the length of a ratchet element.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2356901 *Aug 30, 1940Aug 29, 1944Wackman Louis BMethod of constructing bushing fixtures for metallic containers
US3422978 *Jul 7, 1967Jan 21, 1969Whitney Blake CoSelf-locking bottle cap
US3445022 *Dec 21, 1967May 20, 1969Cilluffo Frank AChildproof safety container and closure
US3612323 *Sep 25, 1969Oct 12, 1971Malick Dell MSafety closure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3857508 *Oct 3, 1973Dec 31, 1974Aluminum Co Of AmericaSafety closure and container
US3891110 *Oct 15, 1973Jun 24, 1975Sunbeam Plastics CorpChild-resistant closure for a container having a threaded neck
US3895730 *Mar 18, 1974Jul 22, 1975Poly Seal CorpSafety container
US5038454 *Mar 26, 1990Aug 13, 1991The Procter & Gamble CompanyInjection blow molding process for forming a package exhibiting improved child resistance
US5186344 *Oct 2, 1990Feb 16, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyContainer and closure having means for producing an audible signal when a seal has been established
US5230433 *Jan 28, 1992Jul 27, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5383564 *Jan 21, 1993Jan 24, 1995The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5562218 *Sep 7, 1995Oct 8, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5564580 *Jun 7, 1995Oct 15, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyAdult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5586671 *Feb 23, 1996Dec 24, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyChild resistant package
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/217, 222/153.9
International ClassificationB65D55/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D55/022
European ClassificationB65D55/02D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 31, 1994ASAssignment
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: RELEASE & CANCELLATION;ASSIGNOR:SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:007007/0236
Effective date: 19940519
May 12, 1994ASAssignment
Owner name: C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., GEORGIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006980/0247
Effective date: 19940418
Mar 31, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: USX CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE, STATELESS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION (MERGED INTO);REEL/FRAME:005060/0960
Effective date: 19880112
Dec 9, 1987AS06Security interest
Owner name: C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF DETROIT
Effective date: 19871106
Dec 9, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF DETROIT
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004797/0987
Effective date: 19871106
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF,DELAWARE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:4797/987
Apr 23, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION, ONE SOUTH WACKE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC., A MI CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004711/0213
Effective date: 19861112
Nov 17, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004645/0124
Effective date: 19861110
Nov 17, 1986AS17Release by secured party
Owner name: CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC.
Effective date: 19861110
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.
Feb 23, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC., BOND COURT BLDG.
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004227/0354
Effective date: 19831231
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC., A MI CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION,;REEL/FRAME:004227/0350
Effective date: 19831220