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Publication numberUS3794208 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1974
Filing dateMay 26, 1972
Priority dateMay 26, 1972
Also published asCA967896A, CA967896A1
Publication numberUS 3794208 A, US 3794208A, US-A-3794208, US3794208 A, US3794208A
InventorsFraser H, Roush G
Original AssigneePhillips Petroleum Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tray
US 3794208 A
Abstract
A tray comprising upstanding side and end walls and a gridwork bottom disposed between the lower edge portions of said walls. Each of said walls preferably comprises an essentially vertical lower section and an outwardly sloping upper section. Said gridwork bottom comprises a plurality of intersecting struts which form rows of rectangles generally parallel with said walls. Reinforcing strut members are provided in intersecting centrally disposed rows of said rectangles. A transverse strut member in at least one of said centrally disposed rows of rectangles provides a location for a denesting device to hook onto the gridwork bottom and remove a tray from a stack of nested trays.
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[111 3,794,208 1 [451 'Feb. 26, 1974 Primary Examiner-William T. Dixson, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Steven M. Pollard [57] ABSTRACT A tray comprising upstanding side and end walls and a gridwork bottom disposed between the lower edge portions of said walls. Each of said walls preferably comprises an essentially vertical lower section and an outwardly sloping upper section. Said gridwork bottom comprises a plurality of intersecting struts which form rows of rectangles generally parallel with said walls. Reinforcing strut members are provided in intersecting centrally disposed rows of said rectangles. A transverse strut member in at least one of said centrally disposed rows of rectangles provides a location for a denesting device to hook onto the gridwork bottom and remove a tray from a stack of nested trays.

17 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 220/66, 220/97 R B65d 7/42 .220/66, 97 R, 21, 102,

. @QQE 2AM] EWAVDAQmW w/EW v of Bartlesville, Okla. [731 Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company,

Bartlesville, Okla.

May 26, 1972 Reterences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/1970 Roush et 3/l972 Bridenstine.........;.................

4/1973 Fraser et v "I United States Patent 1191 Roush et-al;

[ TRAY [75] Inventors: Gale S. Roush; Hugh B. Fraser, both [22] Filed: 211 Appl.No.:2 57,230

[58] Field of Search........

H .QaEEEfiKEEEWJ UEEUEVEUEQE aaaea aeamw gmesammewawwaaw WAQUEU@%&@EUQEVA WAWVWWWA%%WM%WM I PATENTED FEB26 974 SHEEI 1 0f 3 PATENTEDFEBZEW sum 3 or a QN W am e 1 TRAY Trays of various kinds have been widely employed in moving commodities, e.g., foodstuffs, from one location to another. It is highly desirable that said trays be of a durable, rigid, lightweight structure, be easy to handle in use, be easy to store when not in use, be of a simple and inexpensive construction which is easy to manufacture, and be economical in cost, regardless of size. Few, if any, trays meeting all of the above requirements have been provided by the prior art.

The trays disclosed and claimed in U. 5. Pat. No. 3,494,502, issued Feb. 10, 1970, to Roush et al, solve the above-described problem by providing a tray which meets all the above requirements. The trays of said patent are provided with a gridwork bottom which is comprised of intersecting struts, preferably generally T- shaped, and an outwardly extending turned-down flange which extends around the periphery of the tray. The trays of the present invention in various embodiments include structural changes in said gridwork bottom and/or the side wallswhich cooperate to impart greater rigidity, greater strength, greater durability, and

other advantages to the tray, both during manufacture and subsequent use thereof. Said structural changes in clude reinforcing strut members which are provided in intersecting centrally disposed rows of rectangles in said gridwork bottom. A transverse strut member provided in at least one of said centrally disposed rows of rectangles provides a locationfora pickup device to hook onto the gridwork bottom and move a tray, e.g., from a stack of nested trays. Thus, the trays of the present invention are an improvement over the trays of said patent.

Thus, according to the invention. there is provided in a tray comprising. a pair of upstanding opposed first walls, a pair of upstanding opposed second transverse walls connected to said first walls along the upstanding edges thereof. and a gridwork bottom connected to the lower portions of said first walls and said second walls to provide a generally rectangular open top structure, the improvement of a gridwork bottom comprising: a first plurality of strut members and a second plurality of strut members which intersect said first strut members to form a first plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said second walls, and a second plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said first walls; said first plurality of rectangles including a first generally central row of said rectangles extending across-said tray between said first walls and generally centrally disposed with respect to said second pair of walls; a first reinforcing strut memher extending longitudinally across said first central row of rectangles with the distances between said reinforcing strut and the strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members of said plurality of strut members; said second plurality of rectangles including a second generally central row of said rectangles extending across said tray between said second walls, generally centrally disposed with respect to said first pair of walls and intersecting said first central row of rectangles at a generally centrally disposed rectangle common to both of said central rows of rectangles; a second reinforcing strut member extending longitudinally across said second central row of rectangles, with the distances between said reinforcing strut and the strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members of said plurality of strut members; and a transverse strut member disposed generally perpendicular to and intersecting one of said first and second reinforcing strut members in, and extending across, at least one rectangle, other than said common rectangle,

in at least one of (a) saidfirst central row of rectangles and (b) said second central row of rectangles.

FIG. I is a bottom plan view illustrating features of the improved tray of the invention and showing in detail a preferred gridwork bottom structure.

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the tray of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a side elevation view of the tray of FIGS. 1 and 2.

FIG. 4 is an end elevation view of the trays of FIGS. 1 and 2.

FIG. 5 is a cross section taken along the lines 55 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 6 is a cross section view illustrating a modification of the rim of the tray.

FIG. 7 is a cross section taken along the lines 77 of FIG. 2.

Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals are employed to denote like elements,

the invention will be more fully explained. In a presently preferred embodiment, the trays of the invention are generally rectangular in shape. Thus, in FIGS. 1 and 2, there is showna tray comprising an upstanding wall posed second or end walls 14 and 14 which are disposed transverse to said first walls and are connected to like sections of said first walls along the upstanding edges thereof. Each of said walls comprises an essentially vertical lower section 16 and an outwardly sloping upper section 18 connected to said lower section. See FIGS. 5 and 6. An outwardly extending flange is connected to the upper edge of said upper wall section and extends around the periphery of the tray. Said flange can be shaped as in FIG. 6, or preferably can be turned downwardly as in FIG. 5. A gridwork bottom is connected to the lower sections of said first wallsand the lower sections of said second walls. Said gridwork bottom is comprised of a first plurality of strut members 20 which are spaced apart from each other, extend between said pair of first walls 12 and 12, and are disposed generally parallel to said second walls 14 and 14'. A second plurality of strut members 22 are spaced apart from each other, extend between said second walls 14 and 14, and are disposed generally parallel to said first walls 12 and 12'. Said second plurality of strut members intersect the strut members of said first plurality of strut members at substantially degree angles to form a first plurality of rectangles which are-arranged in rows generally parallel with said second walls, and a second plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said first walls.

Said first plurality of rectangles includes a first generally central row of rectangles A which extends across ond walls 14 and 14'. A first reinforcing strut member 24 extends longitudinally across and, preferably, generally bisects said first central row of rectangles, with the distances between said reinforcing strut'24 and the strut members 20 generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members 20 of said first plurality of strut members. Said second plurality of rectangles includes a second generally central row of rectangles B extending across said tray between said second walls 14 and 14 and which is generally centrally disposed with respect to said first walls 12 and 12'. Said second central row of rectangles B intersects said first central row of rectangles at a generally centrally disposed rectangle which is common to both of said central rows of rectangles. A second reinforcing strut member 26 extends longitudinally across and, preferably, generally bisects said second central row of rectangles B, with the distances between said reinforcing strut 26 and the strut members 22 generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members 22 of said second plurality of strut members. Preferably, the distances between one of said reinforcing struts 24 or 26, a'nd the strut members 20 or 22 adjacent thereto, will be in the range of from 0.25 to 0.75 times the'distance between two adjacent strut members 20 or two strut members 22.

A transverse strut member 23 is disposed generally perpendicular to and intersects one of said first reinforcing strut member 24 and said second reinforcing strut member 26 in, and extends across, at least one rectangle, other than said common rectangle, in at least one of said first central row of rectangles A and said second central row of rectangles .B. Preferably, a said transverse strut member 23 is so provided in at least one rectangle of each of said central rows of rectangles A and B. Still more preferably, a said transverse strut member 23 is provided in at least one rectangle of said first central row of rectangles A on each side of said common rectangle; and a said transverse strut member 23 is also provided in at least one rectangle of said second central row of rectangles B on each side of said common rectangle. A particularly presently preferred arrangement is to provide one of said transverse strut members 23 in each of atleast two adjacent rectangles in said first central row of rectangles A, on each side of said common rectangle, with said adjacent rectangles being spaced from said common rectangle by at least one rectangle; and to also provide one of said transverse strut members 23 in each of at least two adjacent rectangles in said second central row of rectangles B, on each side of said common rectangle, with said adjacent rectangles being spaced from said common rectangle by at least one rectangle. However, it is within the scope of the invention to provide one of said transverse strut members 23 in each of the rectangles, on both sides of said common rectangle, in each of said central rows of rectangles A and B. Preferably, where provided as described above; each of said transverse st'rutmem bers 23 will generally vbisect the rectangle in which it is provided. It is presently preferred that a said transverse strut member will not be provided in the outermost rectangles which are adjacent the tray walls in said central rows of rectangles A'and B.

Each of said transverse strut members 23 and the space surrounding same, when provided as described above, provides a location for the hook(s) of a moving mechanical pickup device to drop into the gridwork bottom, hook onto said strut member 23, and ,move a tray from a stack of trays to a conveyor belt or other desired location. It has beenfound that the cooperation between said transverse strut members 23 and mechanical pickup devices is more positive and reliable than the cooperation between strut members which extend diagonally across the rectangles, as shown elsewhere in the drawings. Any suitable mechanical pickup device can be employed with'the trays of the invention, and the pickup device, per se, forms no part of the invention. One suitable type of mechanical pickup device is manufactured by Baker Perkins, lnc., Saginaw, Michigan. I

In one preferred embodiment of the invention, a pair of generally diagonally extending reinforcing struts 28 and 30 are also provided Said strut 28 extends in a direction, preferably diagonal, across the tray between one pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof, and said strut 30 extends in a direction, preferably diagonal, across the tray between the other pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof.

In another preferred embodiment of the invention, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth reinforcing struts 32, 34, 36, and 38 are also provided. Said third reinforcing strut 32 extends generally diagonally across a first quadrant of the. tray in a direction between one end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 and one end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26. Preferably, one end of said third reinforcing strut 32 can be connected to said one end portion of said first reinforcing 34 can be connected to said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of said fourth reinforcing strut 34 can be connected to said one end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26 adjacent the outer end thereof. A fifth reinforcing strut 36 extends generally diagonally across a third quadrant of said tray in a direction between said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 and the other end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26. Preferably, one end of said fifth reinforcing strut 36 can be connected to said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of said fifth reinforcing strut 36 can be connected to said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26 adjacent the outer end thereof. A sixth reinforcing strut 38 extends generally diagonally across a fourth quadrant of said tray in a direction between said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 and said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26. Preferably, one end of said sixth reinforcing strut 38 can be connected to said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut 24 adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of said sixth reinforcing strut 38 can be connected to said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut 26 adjacent the outerend thereof. If desired, such as when the mold is inserted to reduce the size of the outer rows of rectangles as discussed below, the ends of said third, fourth, fifth, and sixth reinforcing struts 32, 34, 36, and 38 can be connected to the adjacent tray walls.

If desired, said gridwork bottom can be coved upwardly a small distance, e.g., 1/16 to /s inch, from the outer edge toward the center of the tray. This will provide increased accommodation for heavier loads, i.e., without causing the bottom to sag.

Preferably, in the outer rows of rectangles adjacent the tray walls, there is provided, in each outer rectangle, a generally Y-shaped reinforcing strut 40. The leg of the Y in said Y-shaped struts is connected to the adjacent wall of the tray. In the outer rows of rectangles adjacent walls 12 and 12, the arms of the. Y are connected to the adjacent strut members of said first plurality of struts and/or the adjacent strut member 22 of said second plurality of strut members. ln the outer rows of rectangles adjacent walls l4 and 14', the arms of the Y are connected to the adjacent strut members 22 of said second plurality of struts and/or the adjacent strut member 20 of said first plurality of struts. [n the rectangles at the ends of said central rows of rectangles A and B, said third, fourth, fifth, and sixth reinforcing struts become the arms of the Y, and said first and second reinforcing strut members become the leg of the Y.

The structure provided in said outer rows of rectangles provides a convenient and economical means of adjusting the dimensions of the trays of the invention to meet the requirements of different customers. Thus, for example, the mold can.be inserted, by methods known in the art, to change the size of said outer rectangles and shorten, lengthen, or even omit, the leg of the Y-shaped reinforcing strut member. It is also within the scope of the invention to omita portion of the arms.

of the Y when the leg of the Y is omitted. Any other suitable type of reinforcing struts can be employed in said outer rows of rectangles.

The above-describd strut members and reinforcing struts are load-bearing members, i.e., they bear the load imposed on the tray. The reinforcing struts increase the stiffness, stability, and load capacity of the tray. The term load capacity refers to the ability or capacity of the tray to bear or support a given load without objectionable sag or other deformation such as warping or twisting. Said first and second reinforcing struts 24 and 26, by extending across the central portion of the tray in two directions, impart sufficient increased stiffness, stability, and load capacity to the tray to permit markedly reducing the weight of the tray. In accordance with the invention, this reduction in weight is accomplished by eliminating the diagonally intersecting strut members in the individual rectangles formed by said first plurality and said second plurality of strut memers and, if desired, replacing them with relatively lightweight, ribbon-like support members 42. Thus, in a tray intended for relatively light duty, e.g., relatively light loads, the strut members 20 of. said first plurality of strut members, the strut members 22 of said second plurality of strut members, said transverse strut members 23, and said first and second reinforcing struts 24 and 26 can be the sole load-bearing members in the rectangles formed by said intersecting first and second 6 a plurality of strut members. In such instances, the primary purpose of said support members 42, when provided, is to prevent soft articles such as bread or pastry from sagging between a pair of load-bearing members, e.g., strut members 20 or 22. Preferably, said support members 42 are flat or ribbon-like as illustrated in the drawings, but any other suitable shape or profile is within the scope of the invention.

As the intended duty or load capacity of the tray increases, it is desirable to provide additional reinforcing strut members such as 28 and30 as additional loadbearing members. In thepresently most preferred allpurpose tray of the invention, the reinforcing strut members 32, 34, 36, and 38 are also provided as additional load-bearing members.

Said strut members 20 and 22, said transverse strut members 23, and said reinforcing strut members 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, and 36 are preferably generally T- shaped. However, it is within the scope of the invention for said members to have other shapes such as generally Z-shaped, or a channel shape generally like an inverted U. it is preferred that said members present a generally flat surface to the open top of the tray.

Preferably, the upper sections 18 of said opposed first walls 12 and 12' and said opposed second walls 14 and 14' slope outwardly away from each other from bottom to top. The extent to which the trays will nest one.within another will be determined by the thickness and the degree of slope of said side and end walls. The taper or slope of the walls should be sufficient that the trays are easily withdrawn from nested position. Usually a slope within the range of from about 5 to about 25 from the vertical will be sufficient.

Said-flange extends peripherally around the upper edge of the tray. if desired, when said flange is turned down as in FIG. 5, the turned-down portion of said flange can be provided with a plurality of spaced apart scallops or recesses 44 therein (see F IG. 4) which ex tend upwardly from the lower edge of the turned-down portion of the flange. Said recesses can also be provided in the'flanges on the side walls, if desired. Said recesses provide convenient places for insertion of fingers, either hand or mechanical, to remove the trays from nested position, or to pic-k up the tray and transport it from one location to another. Preferably, a -plurality of spaced apart reinforcing ribs 46 are disposedbetween and connected to the turned-down portion of saidflange and the side wall adjacent thereto.

The corners of the trays of the invention are preferably arcuate. However, it is within the scope of the invention for said cornersto have other shapes, e.g., essentially square.

Trays fabricated in accordance with the invention possess a number of advantages over trays of the prior art. The trays of the invention are of a durable, lightweight structure. This is an important consideration in the'use of said trays. For example, saidtrays are particularly well adapted for transporting bakery goods, both withinthe baking shop and the delivery truck. The bak ery goods can be placed in the trays and the trays then placed in racks which can be easily pushed around the shop. The trays can also be readily loaded onto racks in a delivery truck. The light weight of the trays is a distinct advantage in that handling of the trays is not only less tiring for personnel handling same but also reduces the load on trucks. Thus, lighter weight trucks can be employed with obvious savings-in operating expenses;

The relatively broad top surface of the preferred T- shaped struts provides a surface across which the bakery goods can be easily moved as by sliding and provides a surface which essentially eliminates the marking of soft goods, such as rolls, etc. The transverse strut members 23 provide excellent locations for mechanical pickup devices to hook onto a tray and move same, thus increasing the utility of the trays.

The trays of the invention can be fabricated in any suitable manner known to the art. Injection molding, for example, is one presently preferred method for fabricating said trays. Said trays can be fabricated from any suitable material. High density polyethylenes are especially desirable materials from which to fabricate said trays. The high density polyethylene and other polyolefins prepared by the methods disclosed and claimed by J. P. Hogan et al. in U. S. Pat. No. 2,825,721, issued Mar. 4, 1958, are one group of presently preferred materials. Said trays can also be fabricated from butadiene-styrene copolymers, and other plastic materials. If desired, a reinforcing fibrous material, such as asbestos or glass fibers, can be incorporated in the plastic material. While the various plastics are presently preferred for the manufacture of the trays, it is within the scope of the invention to fabricate said trays from other materials, e.g., lightweight metals such as aluminum, reinforcing pulp materials, etc.

As an example, one model of a tray fabricated in accordance with the invention had a length of about 27.5 inches, a width of about 2'1 .75 inches, the largest, rectangles formed in the gridwork bottom were about 3.25 X 2.5 inches, the top surface ofthe T-shaped struts was about 0.25 inch wide, and the side walls were about 1 inch in height. The remainder of the elements of the tray were generally proportional in size. These dimensions are given by way of example only, are not to be construed as limiting on.the invention in any way, and all can be varied within the scope of the invention.

While the invention has been described with particular reference to rectangulanshaped trays, the invention is not so limited. It is within the scope of the invention for said trays to have other shapes, e.g., circular or elliptical.

Herein and in the claims, the word rectangular has been employed generically to include four-sided structures which are generally square and four-sided structures wherein one pair of sides is longer than the other pair of sides.

While certain embodiments of the invention have been described for illustrative purposes, the invention is not limited thereto. Various other modifications or embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art in view of this disclosure. Such modifications or embodiments are within the spirit and scope of the disclosure.

We claim:

1. In a tray comprising; a pair of upstanding opposed first walls, a pair of upstanding opposed second transverse walls connected to said first walls along the up? standing edges thereof, and a gridwork bottom connected to the lower portions of said first walls and said second walls to provide a generally rectangular open top structure, the improvement of a gridwork bottom comprising:

a first plurality of strut members and a second plurality of strut members which intersect said first strut members to form a first plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said second walls, and a secondplurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said first walls;

said first plurality of rectangles including a first generally central row of said rectangles extending across said tray between said first walls and generally centrally disposed with respect to said second pair of walls;

a first reinforcing strut member extending longitudinally across said first central row of rectangles with the distances between said reinforcing strut'and the strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members of said plurality of strut members;

said second plurality of rectangles including a second generally central row of said rectangles extending across said tray between said second walls, generally centrally disposed with respect to said first pair of walls and intersecting said first central row of rectangles at a generallycentrally disposed rectangle common to both of said central rows of rectangles; I

a second reinforcing strut member extending longitudinally across said second central row of rectan gles, with the distances between said reinforcing strut and the strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members of said plurality of strut members; and

a transverse strut member disposed generally perpendicular to and intersecting one of said first and second reinforcing strut members in, and extending across, at least one rectangle, other than said common rectangle, in at least one of (a) said first central row of rectangles and (b) said second central row of rectangles.'

2. A tray according to claim 1 wherein: a

the distances between said first reinforcing strut member and said strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto is within the range of from about 0.25 to about O.75' times the distance between the adjacent pair of strut members in said first plurality of strut members; and

the distance between said second reinforcing strut member and said strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto is within the range of from about 0.25 to about 0.75 times the distance between the adjacent pair of strut members in said second plurality of strut members.

3. A tray according to claim 1 wherein each of said transverse strut members generally bisects the rectangle across which it extends.

4. A tray according to claim 1 wherein a said transverse strut member is provided in at least one rectangle of each of said central rows of rectangles.

5. A tray according'to claim 1 wherein:

a said transverse strut member is provided in at least one rectangle of said first central row of rectangles on each side of said common rectangle;

a said transverse strut member is provided in at least one rectangle of said second central row of rectangles on each side of said common rectangle.

6. A tray according to claim 1 wherein:

-pluralities of strut members.

one of said transverse strut members is provided in each of at least two adjacent rectangles in said first central row of rectangles, on each side of said common rectangle, which are spaced from said common rectangle by at least one rectangle; and

one of said transverse strut members is provided in each of at least two adjacent rectangles in said second central row of rectangles, on each side of said common rectangle, which are spaced from said common rectangle by at least one rectangle.

7. A tray according to claim 5, further comprising:

a pair of diagonallyextending reinforcing struts, one

extending generally diagonally across said tray between one pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof, and the other extending generally diagonally across said tray between the other pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof.

8. A tray according to claim 7 wherein: the strut members of said first plurality of strut members, the strut members of said second plurality of strut members, said transverse strut members, said first reinforcing strut members, said second reinforcing strut memher, and said diagonally extending reinforcing strut members are the sole load-bearing members in the rectangles formed by said intersecting first and second 9. A tray according to claim 7, further comprising:

a third reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a first quadrant of said tray in a direction between one end portion of said first reinforcing strut and one end portion of said's'econd reinforcing strut; 1.

a fourth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally acrossa second quadrant of said tray in a direction between the other end portion of said first reinforcing strut and said one end portion of said second reinforcing strut;

a fifth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a third quadrant of said tray in a direction between saidother end portion of said first reinforcing strut and the other end portion of said second reinforcing strut; and l a sixth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a fourth quadrant of said tray in a direction bet-ween said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut and said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut.

10. A tray according to claim 9 wherein: the strut members of said'first plurality of strut members, the strut members of said second plurality of strut members, said transverse strut members; said first reinforcing strut member, said second reinforcing strut memher, said diagonally extending reinforcing strut members, and said third. fourth. fifth, and sixth reinforcing struts are the sole load-bearing members in the rectangles formed by said intersecting first and second pluralit ies of strut members.

11. A tray according to claim 9 wherein: one end of said third reinforcing strut is connected to said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut adjacent the outer endthereof,-and the other end of said third reinforcing strut is connected to said one end portion of said second reinforcing strut ad-' jacent the outer end thereof;

one end of said fourth reinforcing strut is connected to said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of saidfourth reinforcing strut is connected to said one end portion of said second reinforcing strut adjacent the other end thereof;

one end of said fifth reinforcing strut is connected to said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of said fifth reinforcing strut is connected to said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut adjacent the outer end thereof; and

one end of said sixth reinforcing strut is connected to said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut adjacent the outer end thereof, and the other end of said sixth reinforcing strut is connected to said other end portion of said second reinforcing strut adjacent the outer end thereof.

12. A tray according to claim 9 wherein:

an outwardly extending turned-down flange is connected to the upper edges of said walls and extends around the periphery of said tray;

a plurality of reinforcing ribs are provided between the turned-down portion of said flange and the tray wall adjacent thereto; and

each of said strut members and each of said reinforcing strut members is generallyT-shaped, and the crossbar of said T is disposed facing the open top of the tray.

13. A tray according to claim 11 wherein:

an outwardly extending turned-down flange is connected to the upper edges of said walls and extends around the periphery of said tray; i

a plurality of reinforcing ribs are provided between the turned-down portion of said flange and the tray wall adjacent thereto; and

each of said strut members and each of said reinforcing strut members is generally T-shaped, and the crossbarof said T is disposed facing the open top of the tray.

14. A tray according to claim 9 wherein:

each said first wall and each said. second wall com prises an essentially vertical lower section and an outwardly sloping upper section connected to said lower section;

like sections of said' second walls are connected to like sections of said first walls along the upstanding edges thereof;

said gridwork bottom is connect'edto said lower sections of said first walls and said lower sections of said second walls; and

an outwardly extending flange is connected to the upper edges of said upper wall sections and extends aroundthe periphery of said tray.

15. A tray according to claim 14 wherein:

said outwardly extending flange is a turned-down flange;

a plurality of reinforcing ribs are provided between the turned-down portion of said flange and the tray wall adjacent thereto; and

each of said strut members and each of 'said reinforcing strut members is generally T-shaped, and the crossbar of said T is disposed facing the open top of said tray.

16. A tray according to claim 6, further comprising:

a pair of diagonally extending reinforcing struts,'on

extending generally diagonally across said tray between one pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof, and the other extending generally diagonally across said tray between the other pair of diagonally opposite corners thereof;

a third reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a first quadrant of said tray in a direction between one end portion of said first reinforcing strut and one end portion of said second reinforcing strut;

a fourth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a second quadrant of said tray in a direction between the other end portion of said first reinforcing strut and said one end portion of said second reinforcing strut;

a fifth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a third quadrant of said tray in a direction between said other end portion of said first reinforcing strut and the other end portion of said second reinforcing strut;

a sixth reinforcing strut extending generally diagonally across a fourth quadrant of said tray in a direction between said one end portion of said first reinforcing strut and saidother end portion of said second reinforcing strut;

an outwardly extending turned-down flange is connected to the upper edges of said walls and extends around the periphery of said tray;

a plurality of reinforcing ribs are provided between the turned-down portion of said flange and the tray wall adjacent thereto; and

each of said strut members and each of said reinforcing strut members is generally T-shaped,-and the crossbar of said T is disposed facing the open top of the tray.

17. [net tray comprising, a pair of upstanding opposed first walls, a pair of upstanding opposed second transverse walls, and a gridwork bottom connected to the lower portions of said first walls and said second walls to provide a generally rectangular open top structure, the improvement of a gridwork bottom comprismg:

a plurality of strut members and a second plurality of strut members which intersect said first strut membe'rs to form a plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said second walls, and a second plurality of rectangles arranged in rows generally parallel with said first walls;

said first plurality of rectangles including a first generally central row of said rectangles extending across said tray between said first walls and generally centrally disposed with respect to said second pair of walls;

a first reinforcing strut member extending longitudinally across said first central row of rectangles with the distances between said reinforcing strut and the strut members generally parallel and adjacent thereto which form two sides of said rectangles being less than the distances between said side struts and the adjacent strut members of said plurality of strut members;

said second plurality of rectangles including a second generally central row of said rectangles extending across said tray between said second walls, generally centrally disposed with respect to said first pair of walls and intersecting said first central row of rectangles at a generally centrally disposed rectangle common to both of said central rows of rectangles;

a second reinforcing strut member extending longitua transverse strut member disposed generally perpendicular to and intersecting one of said first and sec- 0nd reinforcing strut members in, and extending across, at least one rectangle, otherthan said common rectangle, in at least one of (a) said first central row of rectangles and (b) said second central row of rectangles,

"UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 5,79+,208 Dated February 26, 197

Inventor(s) Gale 8. Roush, et al.

It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

column '7, line 67, after "of" insert rows of column 8, line 1, delete "in rows" column 8, line 2, after of" insert rows of column 8, line 5, delete "in rows" column 8, line f, after "of" insert rows of column 8, line 5, after "of" delete said" column 8, line 17, after "of" insert rows of column 8 line 65, after "rectangle;" insert and column 10, line 5, "other" should be outer column 10, line 6h, "on" should be one culumn ll, lineAO, after "a", first occurrence, insert first column 12, line 1, after "a insert first column 12, line 1, after "of" insert rows of column 12, lines 1 and 2, after "arranged" delete in rows" column 12, line 5, after "of" insert rows of column 12, line 5, after "arranged" delete in rows column 12, line 5, after "of insert in rows column 12, line 6, after "of" delete "said" column 12, line-'18, after "of" insert rows of column 12, line 19, after "of" delete "said".

Signed and sealed this 1st day of October 197 (SEAL) Attest:

McCOY M. GIBSON JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-105O (10-69) uscoMM-oc 60376-P69 fus covznuncm' rnnmuc OFFICE: 930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3494502 *Mar 20, 1968Feb 10, 1970Phillips Petroleum CoTray
US3648883 *Dec 31, 1969Mar 14, 1972Phillips Petroleum CoTray
US3727791 *Oct 8, 1970Apr 17, 1973Phillips Petroleum CoTray
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3934789 *Dec 19, 1974Jan 27, 1976Standard Oil CompanyMeat spacer tray
US4183491 *May 11, 1978Jan 15, 1980Pinckney Molded Plastics, Inc.Reinforced pallet
US5031774 *Feb 8, 1990Jul 16, 1991Paper CaseproNestable beverage can tray
US5060819 *Oct 20, 1989Oct 29, 1991Rehrig-Pacific Company, Inc.Nestable low depth tray
US5184748 *May 22, 1992Feb 9, 1993Rehrig Pacific Company, Inc.Low-depth nestable tray for fluid containers
US5230601 *Oct 11, 1991Jul 27, 1993Rehrig-Pacific Company, Inc.Method for stacking trays
US5292001 *Apr 22, 1991Mar 8, 1994Keith A. LangenbeckNestable storage and transport tray
US5316172 *Jun 1, 1993May 31, 1994Rehrig-Pacific Company, Inc.Can tray assembly
US5465843 *Jun 30, 1994Nov 14, 1995Rehrig Pacific CompanyNestable display crate for bottles or the like
US5531379 *Dec 16, 1994Jul 2, 1996Hammett; Eddie G.Method and apparatus for handling railcar brake shoes
US5575390 *Oct 21, 1992Nov 19, 1996Rehrig Pacific CompanyNestable and stackable tray for cans or the like
US5704482 *Apr 18, 1995Jan 6, 1998Rehrig Pacific Company, Inc.Nestable display crate with extended handles
US5740960 *Jun 25, 1996Apr 21, 1998Hammett; Eddie GeneMethod and apparatus for handling railcar brake shoes
US5855277 *Jul 7, 1997Jan 5, 1999Rehrig Pacific Company, Inc.Nestable display crate for bottles with handle feature
US6179156 *Feb 4, 2000Jan 30, 2001Rehrig Pacific CompanyMulti-purpose container
US6966442Jan 17, 2003Nov 22, 2005Rehrig Pacific CompanyStacking crates
US8720688Nov 21, 2005May 13, 2014Rehrig Pacific CompanyStacking crates
US20040140238 *Jan 17, 2003Jul 22, 2004Rehrig Pacific CompanyStacking crates
US20060113210 *Nov 21, 2005Jun 1, 2006Hassell Jon PStacking crates
US20110193365 *Jan 21, 2011Aug 11, 2011Zernec Daniel MTruck bed tray
USD329932May 25, 1990Sep 29, 1992Rehrig Pacific Company, Inc.Outer wall structure for a nestable tray
WO2001056897A1 *Jan 22, 2001Aug 9, 2001Rehrig Pacific CompanyMutli-purpose container
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/607, 206/518
International ClassificationB65D1/34
Cooperative ClassificationB65D1/34
European ClassificationB65D1/34
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 11, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: DURACO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:DIP ACQUISTION CORP.;REEL/FRAME:005338/0142
Effective date: 19900531
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK, A WI BANKING CORP.
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DURACO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005338/0153
Mar 24, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: DURACO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC., 1857 CALVIN DRIV
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:DURACO PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004581/0735
Effective date: 19851231
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DURACO PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004581/0735
Owner name: DURACO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC.,KENTUCKY
Dec 21, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: DURACO PRODUCTS, INC., 1109 E. LAKE ST., STREAMWOO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004085/0198
Effective date: 19821210