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Publication numberUS3794231 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1974
Filing dateApr 5, 1973
Priority dateApr 5, 1973
Publication numberUS 3794231 A, US 3794231A, US-A-3794231, US3794231 A, US3794231A
InventorsW Martin
Original AssigneeEastman Kodak Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Web tension regulating apparatus
US 3794231 A
Abstract
A web handling apparatus is adapted to move web material in forward and reverse directions and under varying degrees of web tension. In such apparatus, a web friction drive is actuatable to assume an operative mode for feeding web material, therefrom, in the forward direction toward a web drawing mechanism and at a rate in excess of that at which the drawing mechanism can draw the same material forward. The web friction drive normally assumes an idle mode in which the friction drive does not exert a web feeding affect on web material moving in the forward or reverse directions. A web tension sensing mechanism connects with the web friction drive, for actuating the friction drive to assume the operative mode in response to sensing a given tension in web material which is moving in the forward direction from the friction drive to the web drawing mechanism, and allows the friction drive to assume the idle mode after tension in the same material has eased or slackened. However, the web tension sensing mechanism and web friction drive remain disconnected as web material is moved in the reverse direction. In this way, the web tension sensing mechanism cannot actuate the web friction drive to assume the idle mode during movement of web material in the reverse direction.
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United States Patent [191 Martin WEB TENSION REGULATING APPARATUS [75] Inventor: -William A. Martin, Fairport, NY.

[73] Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company,

Rochester, NY.

[22] Filed: Apr. 5, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 348,446

[52] US. Cl 226/36, 226/195, 242/189, 352/124 [51] Int. Cl B65h 23/16 [58] Field of Search. 226/36, 44, 49, 108, 115, 183, 226/195; 242/189; 352/124, 159

[56] v References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,786,917 12/1930 Oehmichen 242/189 3,065,890 1l/1962 Fox 226/36 3,460,889 8/1969 Wilhal'm 352/124 3,240,550

3/1966 Mitchell et a1 242/189 X Primary Examiner-Allen NI Knowles Assistant Examiner-Gene A. Church 71 ABSTRACT A web handling apparatus is adapted to move web ma- [1 11 3,794,231 [4 1 Feb. 26,1974

terial in forward and reverse directions and under varying degrees of web tension. In such apparatus, a web friction drive is actuatable to assume an operative mode for feeding web material, therefrom, in the forward direction toward a web drawing mechanism and at a rate in excess of that at which the drawing mechanism can draw the same material forward. The web friction drive normally assumes an idle mode in which the friction drive does not exert a web feeding affect on web material moving in the forward or reverse directions. A web tension sensing mechanism connects with the web friction drive, for actuating the friction drive to assume the operative mode in response to sensing a given tension in web material which is moving in the forward direction from the friction drive to the web drawing mechanism, and allows the friction drive to assume the idle mode after tension in. the same material has eased or slackened. However, the web tension sensing mechanism and web friction drive remain disconnected as web material is moved in the reverse direction. In this way, the web tension sensing mechanism cann'ot actuate the web friction drive to assume the idle mode during movement of web material in the reverse direction.

i 19 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEU P5525574 3.. 794.231

' sum 1 [IF 2 PATENTED H1526 I974 SHED 2 0F 2 FIG. 3

1 WEB TENSION REGULATING APPARATUS CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION TION PICTURE PROJECTOR APPARATUS and filed in the names of William A. Martin and John O. St Clair II on Oct. 5, I970.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a web tension regulating apparatus for regulating web tension in advance of a web drawing mechanism, such as a web take-up device or a capstan andpressure roller assembly. More particularly, the invention relates to a film projector in which film tension regulating apparatus regulates tension in film moving in a forward direction to film advancing mechanism.

2. Description of the Prior Art In many different kinds of web handling apparatus having some mechanism for drawing a web at a known rate, it is desirable or necessary to regulate tension in the web in advance of such, mechanism. A specific example of this apparatus is that involving the intermittent movement of the web past a given location, such as a motion picture projector, wherein a film strip is intermittently moved past a projection gate.

One means for regulating web tension in advance of the web drawing mechanism, in the foregoing apparatus, is a loop control arrangement for maintaining a web loop in advance of the drawing mechanism. Such web loop control arrangements have been devised heretofore and, by way of example, are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. l,958,l52 and 2,735,677, patented respectively May 8, 1934 and Feb. 21, 1956, and commonly assigned copending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 77,959 more fully referenced hereinbefore. Generally, the known web loop control arrangements make use of variations in the size of the web loop to cease and scribed above.

resume operation of a web friction drive at .the en- I nism. In order to regulate the size of the web loop, and

preferably to maintain a substantially constant size loop, the peripheral speed of the driven roller is sufficiently fast to feed the web into the loop at a rate exceeding that at which the web is drawn'from the loop, and the pressure roller is movable away from the driven rollerto allow slippage between the web and the driven roller for decreasing the loop size. A web guide lever on which the pressure roller is rotatably mounted, rides of floats on the web loop, permitting the pressureroller to press the web against the driven roller during the time that the web'loop is below or at a given size, and moves the pressure roller away from the driven roller should the web loop exceed the given size.

It will be appreciated that the particular web loop control arrangement, just described, relies on the stiffness or rigidity of the web loop to discontinue the driving relation between the driven and pressure rollers. Accordingly, in this instance, a web an insufiicient' measure of stiffness cannot be used.

In applications where the web does not have a requisite measure of stiffness necessary for use with a web loop control arrangement, other means must be found for regulating web tension in advance of the Web drawing mechanism. One embodiment of such other means appears to be disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 2,800,832, patented July 30, 1957. In this embodiment, successive portions of a web are fed into the nip defined by a pressure roller and a driven roller which, in turn, feed the web forward to a web drawing mechanism. Here, no intervening web loop exists between the driven and pressure rollers and the web drawing mechanism. Rather, the pressure roller and a tension sensing roller are interconnected by a lever for synchronous pivotal movement of such rollers in the same direction about a common intermediate pivot point. Therefore, an increase in web tension causes the tension sensing roller to actuate the pressure roller to press the web against the driven roller, and a decrease -or lack of web tension permits the pressure roller to move away from the driven roller such that slippage occurs between the web and the driven roller. While this web tension regulating means may perform satisfactorily during forward movement of the web from between the driven and pressure rollers to the web take-up mechanism, such means appears to phohibit reverse or rewind movement of the web, because the increased web tension normally occurring in high speed web rewind will cause the tension sensing roller to induce the pressure roller to press the web againstthe driven roller so as to inhibit or defeat web rewind. I

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is therefore a primary object of the present invention to provide a web tension regulating apparatus which is improved over the prior art examples de- It is another object of the present invention to provide a web tension regulating apparatus which regulates tension in a web moving in a forward direction to a web drawing mechanism, and which allows the web to be moved in a reverse direction'from the drawing mechanism.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a web tension-regulating apparatus which can handle a web not having the requisite measure of stiffness necessary for use with a web loop control arrangement.

In accordance with the present invention there is dis closed, in detail hereinafter, a web handling apparatus of the kind for moving web material in forward and reverse directions and under varying degrees of web tension. In such apparatus, a web friction drive is actuat- .terial, therefrom, in theforward direction to a web drawing mechanism and at a'rate in excess of that at which the drawing mechanism can draw the same material forward. The web friction drive normally assumes an idle mode in which the friction drive does not exert a web feeding affect on web material moving in the forward or reverse directions. A web tension sensing mechanism connects the web friction drive, for actuating the friction drive to assume the operative mode in response to sensing a given tension in web material which is moving in the forward direction from'the friction drive to the web drawing mechanism, and allows the friction drive to assume the'idle mode after tension in the same material has eased or slackened. However,

the web tension sensing mechanism and the web friction drive remain disconnected as web material is moved in the reverse direction. In this way, the web tension sensing mechanism cannot actuate the web friction drive to assume the idle during movement of web material in the reverse direction.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above-mentioned and other features and objects of the present invention and the manner of obtaining them will become more apparent by reference to the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of such invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a web tension regulating apparatus in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and shows the operation of such paratus, showing the operation of such apparatus during reverse movement or rewinding of web material from the web take-up reel to the web supply reel.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A preferred embodiment of the invention will be described hereinafter for use in a motion picture projection device. However, because motion picture projection devices are well known in the art, the present description will be directed in particular only to those components of such a projection device which cooper-.

ate directly with the invention, components of the projection device not specifically shown or described are understood to be selectable from those known in the art. Moreover, it will be appreciated from the description thereinafter'that the invention is suitable for use with other photographic devices, such as a camera, and, in general, can be used with various devices involving the feeding of web material.

Referring now to the drawings and in particular to FIG. 1, there is shown certain components of a motion picture projection device 1 having an enclosure 2 from which a pair of spaced spindles 3 and 4 project, to rotatably support thereo na film supply reel 5 and a film take-up reel 6. These spindles 3 and 4 operate in conjunction respectively with one-way drive clutch or other appropriate mechanisms 7 and 8 for allowing free rotation of an individual spindle during the time such spindle is rotating in a direction for unwinding or paying-out a film strip F from the reel thereon, and coupling the spindle to a power drive 9 for rotating the spindle in a direction for winding or taking-up the film, strip onto the reel. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1, the spindle 4 is driven in a winding direction 10 by means of the power drive 9 and a tendency drive clutch 8 for winding the film strip F about a core or hub member 11 of the reel 6, while the spindle 3 and the reel 5 freely rotate in the unwinding direction 12. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 3, to facilitate rewinding of the film strip F about a core or hub member 13 of the reel 5, the spindle 3 is driven in a winding direction 14, at a high rate of speed, by means of the power drive 9 and a direct drive 7, while the spindle 4 and the reel 6 freely rotate in an unwinding direction 15. Sincesuch direct drive 7, tendency drive 8 and power drive 9 for achieving the foregoing functions are well known in the art, further description thereof is considered unnecessary for an understanding of the invention.

Initially, as shown in FIG. 1,-a film feeding or threading mechanism (not shown, but fully disclosed in commonly assigned copending US patent application Ser. No. 77,959) delivers a free leading end portionL of the film strip F from the supply reel 5 into a nip 16 jointly defined by a driven roller or capstan l7 and a pressure roller 18. After passing from between the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18, the leading film end portion L is fed by such rollers in a forward direction 19 along a stationary guide track 20, through a projection gate 21, and into a nip 22 jointly defined by a driven roller or capstan 23 and a pressure roller 24. A flying spot scanner (not shown) can be provided in the area of the projection gate 21 for scanning images on the film strip. F and obtaining an electronic signal from such scanned images which may, for example, be furnished to a television receiver or to a television camera. Alternatively, a suitable rotating prism mechanism and light source (not shown) can be provided in the area of the projection gate 21 for projecting images on the film strip F in a conventional manner. From the guide track 20, the

driven and pressure rollers 23 and 24 feed the leading film end portion L'into a first guide shoe 25, which is pivotally mounted for movement about a shaft 26 of a guide roller 27 on such shoe. Immediately after exiting from the first guide shoe 25, the leading film end portion L enters a second guide shoe 28 which is pivotally mounted for movement about a shaft 29 of a guide roller 30 on this shoe. Finally, after exiting from the second guide shoev 28, the leading film end portion L moves onto the core member 11 of the take-up reel 6 and is snubbed thereto by any well known snubbing or self-threading mechanism (not shown). At this time, of course, the tendency drive 8- is coupled to the power drive 9 for rotating the take-up reel 6 in the winding direction l0, and the direct drive 7 is uncoupled from the power drive for allowing the supply reel 5- to rotate in the unwinding direction 12.

Previous to deliverypf the leading film end portion L into the nip 16 of the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18, and in response to the appliclation of electrical power (source not shown) to the projection device 1', a normally closed switch 31' actuates or energizes a solenoid 32 which is connected by a helical tension spring 33 to a pressure roller support arm 34; This arm 34, on which the pressureroller 18 is rotatably mounted, normally locates such pressure rollerin an-idle orfilm guiding position in which the pressure roller is sufficiently spaced from the driven roller 17 to permit generally free movement of the film strip F therebetween. However, the arm 34 is pivotally mounted for movement about a pivot-pin 35, for swinging the pressure roller 18 from the idle position to an operative or film feeding position in which such pressure roller presses successive portions of the film strip F against the driven roller 17, for feeding the film strip in the forward direction 19 along the stationary guide track 20. Accordingly, energization of the solenoid 32 serves to move the pressure roller 18 from the idle position to the operative position; whereupon, the leading film end portion L is fed from the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18 port arm 34, during the time that the solenoid 32 is ene'rgiz'ed, must be sufficient to overcome this urging force which the film strip F exerts on the pressure roller 18. Conversely, during the time that the solenoid 32 is not energized, the pulling force of the spring 33 must be nonexistent or insignificant so asnot to interfere with the normal locatiOn of the pressure roller 18 in the idle position. I

When the leading film end portion L is threaded onto the core member 11 of the take-up reel 6, the resulting increase of longitudinal tension in that reach or section of the film strip F extending from between the driven and pressure rollers 23 and 24 to such core member causes this film reach to foreshorten in length (from the guide roller 27 to the guide roller 30) and apply a lateral force against a guide roller 36 on the first guide shoe 25. This, in turn, causes the first shoe 25 to pivot counterclockwise about the shaft 26, as depicted in FIG. 1, and against the urging ofa helical tension spring 37. In response to such pivotal movement of the first guide shoe 25, afinger member 38 extending therefrom, moves a flexibly movable contact 39 of the switch 31 away from a stationary contact40 of the switch, opening the switch to deenergize the solenoid 32. When the solenid 32.is deenergized, the pressure roller 18 returns to the idle position, since such roller is no longer held in theoperative position.

Ascan be seen on viewing FIGS. 1-3, a guide roller 41 is located opposite and inside of a curve or bend 42 in the stationary guide track such that a sufficient longitudinal tensioning of that reach of the film strip F extending along the guide track between the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18 and the driven-and pressure rollers 23 and 24, causes such film reach to foreshorten in length and apply a lateral force againstthis guide roller. A guide'roller support arm 43, on which the guide roller 41 is rotatably mounted, serves to cooperate with the stationary guide track 20 for guiding the film strip F between such guide roller and the driven and pressure rollers 17-and- 18. This'arm 43 is pivotally mounted for movement with the guide roller 41 about a pivot pin 44. Accordingly, as the filmforce applied against the guide roller 41 increases due to increased longitudinal tensioning of the film strip F at the bend 42 in the guide track 20, the guide roller 41 is moved with the guide roller support arm 43 from a first film guiding position shown in FIG. 1, to a second film guding position shown in FIG. 2,-and to a 'third film guiding position shown in FIG. 3. A helical compression spring 45 urges the guide roller or (as referred to hereinafter) the ten- A connectingfinger 46 is pivotally mounted on the pivot pin 47. A helical compression spring 48 urges the connecting finger 46 to a ready position, shown in FIG. 1, and in which a stop 49 on such finger abuts against a raised edge 50 on the arm 43. A motiontransmltting lever 51 has flexibly movable, opposite end portions 52 and 53 and a fulcrum or pivot point 54 located therebetween. The lever fulcrum 54 is disposed with respect to the pressure roller support arm 34and the connecting finger 46 such thatthe lever end portions 52 and 53 and the finger and arm are movable respectively into motion transmitting relation, to cause the movement of the pressure roller 18 from the idle position to the operative position as the tension sensing roller 41 is moved from the first guiding position to the second guiding position. Specifically, as can be' seen from a comparison of FIGS. 1 and 2, during movement of the tension sensing roller 41 with the arm 43 from the first guiding position to the second guiding position, the connecting finger 46 moves therewith, and an engageable piece 55 on the finger engages the lever end portion 52 so as to swing the lever 51 about the fulcrum 54 and force the lever end portion 53 further against an extending member 56 of the pressure roller support arm 54. When the connecting finger 46 is in this connecting position, i.e.,

in engagement with the lever end portion 52, continued movement of the tension sensing roller 41 from the first guiding position to the second guiding position causes the lever 51 to swing about the fulcrum 54, moving the pressure roller 18 from the idle position to the operative position. Subsequently, of course, should the tension sensing roller 41 .return from the second guiding position to the first guiding position, the connecting finger 46 will separate from the lever end portion 52, allowing the pressure roller 18 to return from the operative position to the idle position. v

It is apparent from the foregoing description that should the longitudinal tension fluctuate, i.e., increase and decrease, in those portions of the film strip F moving in the forward direction 19 individually about the tension sensing roller 41, then the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18 will function as an intermittent film drive (in that such pressure. roller and the tension sensing roller move to the operative and second guiding positions, respectively, in response to increase film tensioning and move to the idle and first guiding positions, respectively, in response to decreased film tensioning). This fluctuation in film tension at the tension sensing roller 41 can be caused, or example, by variations in the flange member spacing (not shown),'from one film convolution to the next, on the supply reel 5 and bythe resulting fluctuation in film drag as the film strip F is drawn in the forward direction 19 from the supply reel. If the driven and pressure rollers 17 and 18 were to function as a continuous (rather than an intermittent) film drive, as in the case of the driven and pressure rollers 23 and 24, then any dissimilarity in the respective diameters of such driven rollers would produce different peripheral speeds of rotation of these rollers. This variation in roller speed would produce different-rates of film drive, causing excessive film tensioning or film slackening along the stationary guide track 20. Thus, in accordance with the invention, the driven roller 17 is rotated by a power drive 57 with sufficient peripheral speed such as that the pressure roller 18, in the-operative position, cooperates with this driven roller to feed cess of that at whichthe pressure and driven rollers 23 and 24 can draw or advance the film strip from the guide track. The power drive 57 for rotating the driven roller 17, as well as a power drive 58 for rotating the driven roller 23, are actuated or energized in response to the application of electrical power (source not shown) to the projection device 1.

During movement of thefilrn strip F in the forward direction 19 along the stationary guide track 20, the tension sensing roller 41 serves as a means for sensing the demand forfilm at the projection gate 21 and at the driven and pressure rollers 23 and 24. This demand, of

course, is measured by fluctuations in film tension atthe tension sensing roller 41. Moreover, as stated above and as can be seen on viewing FIGS. 1 and 2, in response to increased film-tension at the roller 41, such roller moves from the first guiding position to the second guiding position, causing the pressure roller 18 to move from the idle position to the operative position. Immediately thereafter, the film strip F is fed into the guide track at a rate in excess of that at which the film strip is drawn from the guide track. As soon as film tension at the tension sensing roller 41 has decreased a given amount, such roller returns to the first guiding position and the pressure, roller 18, in turn, returns to the idle position. Movementof the tension sensing roller 41 between the first and second guiding positions, and movement of the pressure roller 18 between the idle and operative positions, occurs repeatedly during the time that the film strip F is moving in the forward direction 19 along the-guide track 20, with the resultthat the tension fluctuations in such film strip are regulated and maintained between relatively narrow limits. As can be realized from a comparison of FIGS. 1 and 3, after the leading film end portion L is snubbed to the.

core member 11 of the take-up reel 6, and during the time that the film strip F is winding onto such reel, the

second guide shoe 28 pivots about the shaft 29 against I the urging ofa helical compression spring 59, and the first guide shoe remains generally stationary to hold the switch 31 open. Since a trailing end portion (not shown) of the film strip F is anchored to the core member 13 of the supply reel 5, after the last convolution of the film strip is unwound from the supply reel, the longitudinal tension in that reach of the film strip extending from the supply core to the driven and pressurerollers 23 and 24 will suddenly increase. Upon this occurrence, the film force applied agains the tension sensing roller 41, at the bend 42 in the stationary guide track-20, undergoes a corresponding increase and the tension sensing roller is moved with the tension sensing roller support arm 43 from the first or second guiding positions, shown respectively in FIGS. 1 and 2, to the third guiding position, shown in FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 3, this movement of the roller 41 and the arm 43 to the third guiding position causes the closure ofa normally open switch 60. Specifically, a shaft 61 of the tension sensing roller 41 moves a flexibly movable contact 62 of the switch 60 into abutment against a stationary contact 63 of such switch. Closure of the switch 60 operates to energize or actuate a solenoid 64 which, thereupon, pivots a separating lever 65 clockwise, as viewed in FIG. 3, about a fulcrum or pivot point 66 and against the urging of a helical tension spring 67. This pivoting of the separating lever 65, from an inactive position shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 to a separating position shown in FIG. 3, moves the connecting finger 46 against the urging of the spring 48 from the ready position shown in FIG. 1, or from the connecting position shown in FIG. 3. As is apparent from FIG. 3, in the disconnecting position, the connecting finger 46 is prevented from engaging with the end portion 52 of the motion transmitting lever 51. The connecting finger 46 is held in the disconnecting position by the separating lever 65 as long as the switch remains closed. In this way, the tension sensing roller 41 cannot cause the pressure roller 18 to move to the operative position.

Closing of the switch 60 further operates, by well known electromechanical means, to uncouple the tendency drive clutch 8 and the power drive 9, allowing free rotation of the take-up reel 6, and to couple the di rect drive 7 and the power drive for rotating the supply reel 5, at a high rate of speed, in the winding direction 14 shown in FIG. 3. Such winding rotation of the supply reel 5 causes the film strip F to be wound thereon, and unwound from the take-up reel 6. During this occurrence, of course, the film strip F is drawn in a reverse direction 68 along the stationary guide track 20, and is longitudinally tensioned along the guide track to retain the tension sensing roller 41 in the third guiding position and keep the switch 60 closed.

A carriage 69, on which the pressure roller 24. is rotatably mounted, enables such roller to be moved toward and away from the driven roller 23. since that portion of the film strip F moving in the forward direction 19 between the-driven and pressurerollers 23 and 24 is longitudinally tensioned and, in addition, is partially wrapped aboutthe pressure roller, this film portion tends to apply a lateral force against the pressure roller for urging such roller away from the driven roller. However, a helical compression spring 70 urges the pressure roller 24 to press the film strip F against the driven roller 23 with an urging force, which is greater than the film force applied against the pressure roller as the film strip moves in the forward direction 19,-and which is less thanthe film force applied against the pressure roller as the film strip moves in the reverse direction, 68. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 1, the pressure roller 24 presses the film strip F against the driven roller 23 to draw or advance the film strip in the forward direction 19 along the stationary guide track 20 and to feed the film strip in the same direction to the take-up reel 6. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 3, during the time that the film strip F moves in the reverse direction 68, the pressure roller 24 is spaced from the driven roller 23 so as not to exert any film feeding affect on such moving strip.

As can be seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, a helical tension I spring 71 maintains the end portion 53 of the motion transmitting lever 51 in contact with the extended member 56 of the pressure roller support arm 34 during the time such arm and the pressure roller 18 are in the idle position. However, this spring 71 does not have a s'ufficient range to interfere with the arm 34 and the roller 18 normally assuming the idle position. There fore, after the solenoid 64 is deenergized, the lever 51, the arm 34 with the roller 18, and the connecting finger 46 return from the relative locations shownin FIG. 3

- to those shown in FIG. 1.

tions can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention. I claim:.

1 In a web handling apparatus of the kind for moving web material in forward and reverse directions along a web path and under varying degrees of web tension, the combination comprising:

web advancing means for advancing web material in the forward direction along the web path; web feeding means actuatable to assume a feeding mode for feeding web material in the forward direction along the web path toward said web advancing means, at a rate in excess of that at which said advancing means. can advance web material, and normally assuming a non-feeding mode in which said feeding meansdoes not feed web material; web tension sensing means for actuating said web feeding means to assume the feeding mode in response to sensing a given tension in web material moving in the forwarddirection along the web path between said web advancing means and said feeding means, and for allowing said feeding means to assume the non-feeding mode after tension in the same material has eased; and means for preventing said web tension sensing 'means from actuating said web feeding means to assume the feeding mode as web material is moved in the reverse direction along the web path, thereby to permit said web feeding means to remain in the' rection along the web path toward said web advancing means, at a rate in excess of that at which said advancing means can advance web material, and normally assuming a non-feeding mode in which saidfeeding means does not feed web material;

web tension sensing means for sensing tension in web material moving in the forward direction along the webpath between said web advancing means and said web feeding means;

means for connecting said web feeding means and saidweb tension sensing means for actuating said feeding means to assume the feeding mode, in response to said tension sensing means sensing a given tension in web material moving in the forward direction along the web path between said feeding means and said web advancing means, and for allowing said feeding means to assume the nonfeeding mode after tension in the same material has eased; and

means cooperating with said connecting means for preventing a connection between said web feeding 10 means and said web tension sensing means as web material is moved in the reverse direction along the web path, thereby to permit said feeding means to remain in the non-feeding mode;

3. In a web handling apparatus of the kind for moving web material in forward and reverse directions along a web path and under varying degrees of web tension, the combination comprising:

means for advancing web material in the forward direction along the webpath;

a driven member against which successive portions of web material can be pressed for feeding web mate rial in the forward direction along the web path toward said web advancing means; v

a pressure member;

means supporting said pressure member for movement to an operative position in which said pressure member is disposed to cooperate with said driven member for feeding web material by pressing successive portions of web material against said driven member, and normally locating said pressure-member in an idle position in which said pressure member is disposed with'respect to said driven member for permitting generally free movement of web material therebetween; 1

means for driving said driven member with sufficient speed such that said pressure member, in the operative position, cooperates with said driven member at which said web advancing means can advance web material, so as 'to ease'tension in web material moving in the forward direction along the web path between said driven and pressure members and said advancing means;

means for sensing tension in web material moving in the forward direction along the web path between said driven and pressure members and said web advancing means;

means for connecting said pressure member and said web tension sensing means for moving said pressure member from the idle position to the operative position, in response to sensing a given tension in web material moving in the forward direction along the web path between said driven and pressure members and said web advancing means, and for allowing said pressure member to return to the idle position after tension in the same material has I eased; and means cooperating with said connecting means for preventing a connection between said pressure member and said web tension sensing means as web material. is moved in the reverse direction along the web path, thereby to permit said pressure member to remain in the idle position. v 4. The combination as recited in claim 3, wherein said web advancing means initially serves to advance a leading end portion of web material in the forward direction onto a rotatably supported core member to which the leading web end portion can be snubbed and about which web material can be wound, and wherein the combination further comprises:

means energizable for holding said pressure member in the operative position, and deenergizable for allowing said pressure member to return to the idle position; and

means actuatable in response to the leading web end portion snubbing to the core member for deenergizing said pressure member holding means.

'5. The combination as recited in claim 3, wherein said pressure member is a pressure roller, and wherein said pressure member supporting means supports said pressure roller for movement .toward and away from said driven member respectively between the operative and idle positions and locates said pressure roller in said web handling apparatus such that web material moving between said driven member and said pressure roller is partially wrapped about said pressure roller for urging said pressure roller to move away from said driven member as tension in the same material increases.

6. ln a web handling apparatus of the kind for moving web material in forward and reverse directions along a' web path and under varying degrees of web tension, the combination comprising:

means for drawing web material in the forward direction along the web path;

a driven member against which successive portions of webmaterial can be pressed for feeding web material in the forward direction-along the web'path toward said web drawing means;

a pressure member;

4 means supporting said pressure member for movement to an operative position in which said pres- I sure member is disposed'to cooperate with said driven member for feeding web material by pressing successive portions of web material against said driven member, and normally locating said pressure member in an idle position in which said pressure member is disposed with respect to said driven member for permitting generally free movement of web material therebetween;

means for driving said driven member with sufficient speed such-that said pressure member, in the operative position, cooperates with said driven member for feeding web material at a rate in excess of that at which said web drawing means can draw web material, so as to ease tension in web material moving in the forward direction between said driven and pressure members and said web drawing means;

a web guide member disposed with respect to said web drawing means and said driven and pressure members for guiding web material such that a sufficient tcnsioning of web material moving in the forward direction between said driven and pressure members and said drawing means causes the same material to foreshorten in length and apply a web force against said guide member;

means supporting said web guide member for move ment from a first web guiding position to a second web guiding position in response to web material applying a given force against said guide member;

means for urging said web guide member from the second web guiding position to the first web guiding position with an urging force which is less than the given force required to move said guide member from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position;

means for connecting said pressure member and said web guide member such that movement of said guide member from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position causes move- 12 ment of said pressure member from the idle position to the operative position, and allowing said pressuremember to return to the idle position after tension has eased in web material moving in the forward direction between said driven and pressure members and said web drawingmeans; and means cooperating with said connecting means for preventing a connection between said pressure member and said web guide member as web material is moved in the reverse direction along the web path thereby to permit said pressure member to remain in the idle position. 7. The combination as recited in claim 6, wherein said web drawing means includes means for continuously moving web material, therepast, in the forward direction at a substantially constant rate. I

8. The combination as recited in claim 7, wherein said continuous web moving means includes a driven roller against which successive portions of web material can be pressed for moving web material, therepast, in the forward direction, means for rotating said driven roller at a substantially constant speed, a pressure roller, means. supporting said pressure roller for movement toward and away from said driven rollerand such that web material moving between said driven and pressure rollers applies a web force against said pres sure rollerfor urging said pressure roller tomove away from said driven roller, and means for urging said pressure roller to press web material against said dri'ven roller with an urging force which is greater than a web force applied against said pressure roller as web material is moved in the forward direction between said driven and pressure rollers and which is less than a web force applied against said pressure roller as web material is moved in the reverse direction between said driven and pressure rollers.

9. The combination as recited in claim 6, wherein said web drawing means and said. driven and pressure members serve to draw web material off a rotatably supported core member about which a web supply roll is wound and to which a trailing web end portion is anchored, wherein said web guide member supporting means supports said web guide member for movement from the second web guiding position to a third web guiding position in the event that all butthe trailing web end portion is drawn off the core member and web material moving in the forward direction between the core member and said web drawingmeans foreshortens in length and applies a' greater force against said guide member than that required to move said guide member from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position, wherein said connecting means includes motion transmitting meansmovable to connecting and disconnecting positions respectively in which said motion transmitting means connects and cannot connect said pressure and web guide members in motion transmitting relation, and wherein said connection preventing means includes means actuatable in response to movement of said web guide member to the third web guiding position for moving said motion transmitting means to'the disconnecting position.

10. The combination as recited in claim 9', further comprising:

means actuatable in response to movement of said web guide member to the third web guiding position for initiating movement of web material in the reverse direction along the web path.

11. The combination as recited in claim 9, wherein said pressure member supporting means includes a pressure member support arm which is pivotally mounted for moving said pressure member toward and away from said driven member respectively between the operative and idle positions, wherein aid web guide member supporting means includes a web guide mem: ber support arm which is pivotally mounted for moving said web guide member between the first, second and third web guiding positions, wherein said motion transmitting means includes a lever having opoosite end portions and a fulcrum located therebetween such that said lever end portions and said pressure and web guide member support arms are movable respectively into tion transmitting means to the disconnecting position includes means forseparating one of said lever end portions and one of said pressure and web guide member support arms for preventing movement of said end portions and said support arms into motion transmitting relation.

12. The combination as recited in claim 6, wherein said pressure member supporting means includes a pressure member support arm which is pivotally mounted for moving said pressure member toward and away from said driven member respectively between the operative and idle positions, wherein said web guide member supportingmeans includes a web guide member support arm which is pivotally mounted for moving said web guide member between the first and second web guiding positions, wherein said connecting means includes a lever having opposite end portions and a fulcrum located therebetween such that said lever end portions and said pressure and web guide member support arms are movable respectively into motion transmitting relation to cause movement of said pressure member from the idle position to the operative position as said web guide member is moved from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position, and wherein said connecting preventing means includes means for separating one of said lever end portions and one of said pressure and web guide member support arms for preventing movement of said end portions and said support arms into motion transmitting relation.

13. An improved web handling apparatus of the kind (a) wherein there is provided a driven member against which successive portions of web material can be pressed for feeding web material, (b) wherein there is provided a pressure member normally located in anidle position in which said pressure member is disposed with respect to said driven member for permitting generally free movement of web material therebetweeen, and movable from the idle position to an operative position in which said pressure member is disposed to cooperate with said driven member for feeding webmaterial by pressing successive portions of web material against said driven member, (c) wherein there is provided a. web guide member disposed with respect to said driven member and said pressure member such that a sufficient tensioning ofweb material extending between said driven and pressure members and said guide member causes the same material to foreshorten in length and apply a web force against said guide member, and movable from a first web guiding position to a second web guiding position in response to web material applying a given force against said guide member, (d) wherein there is provided means for connecting said pressure member and said web guide member such that movement of said guide member from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position causes movement of said pressure member from the idle position to the operative position, and wherein the improvement comprises:

said connecting means including a lever having opposite end portions and a fulcrum located therebetween, said lever fulcrum disposed with respect to said pressure member and said web guide member such that said lever end portions and said pressure and web guide members are movable respectively into motion transmitting relation to cause movement of said pressure member from the idle position to the operative position as said web guide member is moved from the first web guiding position to the second web guiding position; and

means for separating one of said lever end portions and one of said pressure and web guide members for preventing movement of said lever end portions and said pressure and web guide members into motion transmitting relation. 14. The improvement as recited in claim 13, wherein said connecting means further includes a connecting moved from the first web guiding position to the second 1 web guiding position and movable relative'to said guide member for disengaging from the particular one of said lever end portions, and wherein said separating means includes means for disengaging said connecting member from the particular one of said lever end portions and for holding said connecting member separated therefrom. I

15. The improvement as recited in claim 14, wherein another one of said lever end portions is flexibly movable.

16. Film projection apparatus for moving film in forward and reverse directions, said apparatus comprising:

means for supporting a film supply; a film take-up; a film gate; means defining a path for film from said film supply supporting means through said film gate to said film take-up; i I means located with respect to the film path between said film gate and said film take-up for advancing film in the forward direction through said gate and along the path at a first rate; I actuatable film feeding means located with respect to the film path between said film supply and said film gate, said film feeding means, when actuated, being effective for feeding film in the forward direction along the path toward said gate at a second rate greater than the first rate, and said film feeding means, when not actuated, being ineffective for feeding film along the path; film tension sensing means located with respect to a portion of the film path between said film feeding ticular magnitude of tension in film in such portion of the film path; means for moving film in the reverse direction along the film path; and means for preventing said actuating means from actuating said film feeding means during movement of film in the reverse direction along the film path. 17. Film projection apparatus as recited in claim 16, wherein the film path includes a plurality of bends between said film supply supporting means and said film take-up, and wherein:

said film feeding means includes a driven roller located at one side of the film path and a pressure roller located at the other side of the path, and a support arm mounting said pressure roller for movement toward and away from said driven roller; I said film tension sensing means includes a guide roller support arm, means mounting said guide roller support arm for pivotal movement between first and second positions, a guide roller mounted on said guide roller support arm and movable with said guide roller support arm between first and second film guiding positions, said guide roller being located along the film path at the one bend in the path and the film being contactable with said guide roller as the film travels along the path so that said guide roller is urged from its first guiding position toward its second guiding position in response to an increase in tension in film contacting said guide roller, thereby urging said guide roller support arm from its first position toward its second position; and said actuating means includes a motion transmitting lever, means mounting said lever for pivotal movement into contact with said pressure roller support arm of said film feeding means for effecting movement ofsaid pressure roller carried by said pressure roller support arm toward said driven roller, a connecting finger pivotally mounted on said guide rol-' ler support arm for movement between (1) a first position wherein a portion of said finger is positioned for engagement with said motion transmitting lever in response to movement of said guide roller support arm from its first position toward its second position under the influence of tension in film as sensed by said guide roller so that such movement of the guide roller support arm can effect movement of said motion transmitting lever to cause said pressure roller carried by said pressure roller support arm to be moved toward said driven roller in response to an increase in film tension, and (2) a second position wherein said portion of said connecting finger is located with respect to said motion transmitting lever so that said finger is ineffective to move said motion transmitting lever or said pressure roller support arm in response to movement of said guide roller support arm from its first position toward its second position in response to an increase in film tension ss sensed by said guide roller.

18. Film projection apparatus as recited in claim 17,

wherein said actuating means further includes means urging said guide roller support arm and said finger toward their respective first positions, and said film projection apparatus further comprises a separating lever, means mounting said separating lever for movement between (1) a first position wherein said separating lever is located with respect to said finger for permitting movement of said finger to its first position and (2) a second position wherein said separating lever holds said finger in its second position against said urging means, and means for moving said separating lever between its first and second positions.

19. Film projection. apparatus as recited in claim 18, wherein said means for moving said separating lever includes a spring connected to, said separating lever for urging said separating lever to its first position, a solenoid coupled to said separating lever and effective when energized to move said separating lever to its second position, and means for energizing said solenoid.

20. Film projection apparatus comprising:

means for supporting a film supply;

a film take-up;

a film gate located between said film supply supporting means and said film take-up; means defining a path for film from said film supply supporting means through said film gate to said film take-up, the film path including at least one bend;

means located along the film path between said film gate and said film take-up for advancing film through said gate and along the path; actuatable film feeding means located along the film path between said film supply and said film gate, said film feeding means including a driven roller located at one side of the film path and a pressure roller located at the other side of the path, a support arm mounting said pressure roller for movement toward said driven roller when said film feeding means is actuated, and away from said driven roller when said feeding means is not actuated, whereby said film feeding means, when actuated, is effective for feeding film along the film path toward said film gate, and said film feeding means, when not actuated, being ineffective for feeding film along the path;

film tension sensing means located along a portion of the film path between said film feeding means and said film gate for sensing tension in film in'such portion of the path, said film tension sensing means including a guide roller support arm, means mounting said guide roller support arm for pivotal movement between first and second'positions, a guide roller mounted on said guide roller support arm and movable with'said guide roller support arm between firstand second'film guiding 'positions,'said guide roller being located along the film path at the one bend in the path and the film being contactable with said guide roller as the film travels along the path so that said guide roller is urged from its first guiding position toward its second guiding position in'response to an increase in tension infilm contacting said guide roller, thereby urging said guide roller support arm from its first position toward its second position; and means for actuating said film feeding means in response to said film tension sensing means sensing a particular magnitude of tension in film in such portion of the film path, said actuating means inroller support arm from its first position toward its second position under the influence of tension in film as sensed by saidguide roller so that such movement of said guide roller support arm can effect movement of said motion transmitting lever to cause said pressure roller carried by said pressure roller support arm to be moved toward said driven roller in response to an increase film tension.

$276330 UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION mm No. 3,794,231 Dated February 26, 1974 InventorGi) William- A. Martin It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Col. 9, lines 10 thru 37 Cancel Claim 1 in its entirety.

Col. 13, line ll change "opoosite" to --opposite-.

Col. 14, line 61.* delete "being" and insert --assuming a feeding mode in which said feeding means is--; line 65 delete "being" and insert --assuming a non-feeding mode in which said feeding means is--;

001. 15, line 3 after "means" insert --,for connecting said a film feeding means and said film tension sensing means--; 1 delete "film", after "feeding means" insert -to assume the feeding mode--; line 4 delete "film" line 6" after "path" insert and for allowing said feeding means to assume the nonfeeding mode after tension in the same film has eased--; line 9" after "means" (first occurrence) insert --cooperating with said connecting means-; delete "said actuating means from actuating" and insert --a connection between--; before "during" insert --and said film tension sensing means--; line 11 after "path" insert thereby to permit said feeding means to remain in the nonfeeding mode--;

line 10 CONT Page 2 mg UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,794,231." Dated E b 2 1914 1nventgr(g) A. Martin It is certifie dE'th'at error appears in the aboveidentified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

"connecting";

Col. 15, line 38 delete "actuating" and insert line 65 delete ss" iand insert --as--;

line 68. delete "actuating" and insert connecting".

Signed and sealed this 29th day of October 1974.

(SEAL) Attest: v

McCOY M. GIBSON JR. 0. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner of Patents STATES PATENT'OFFICE 7 CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,794,231 Dated Februarv 26, 1974 InventorQi) William A. Martin It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below: q

Col. 9, lines lQ'thru 37 Cancel Claim 1 in itsventirety.

Col. 13, line llchange opoosite to --opposite--.

Col. 14, line l-"delete "being" and insert --assuming a feeding mode in which said feeding means is--; line 65 delete "being" and insert "assuming a non-feeding mode in which said feeding means is;

Col. 15, line 3 after "means" insert --,for connecting said film feeding means and said film tension sensing means";

delete "film", after "feeding means" insert --to assume the feeding mode; line 4 -'delete "film" line 6' after "path" insert and for allowing said feeding means to assume the nonfeeding mode after tension in the same film has eased--; line 9 after "means" (first occurrence) insert --cooperating with said connecting means--;

- delete "said actuating means from actuating" I and insert --a connection between"; line 10 before "during" insert --and said film tension sensing means"; line 11 after "path" insert thereby to permit said feeding means to remain in the nonfeeding mode";

CON'T Page 2" I 3 UMTED STATES PATENT OFFICE I CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION I Dated .E h 2 6 Q 1914 Patent No. 3 794 231 Inventor) -a A- Martin ppears in the above-ridentified patent It is certified that error a hereby corrected as shown below:

and that said Letters Patent are Col. 15, line 3 8 delete "actuating" and insert "connecting";

line 65 delete "es" :and insert --as--;

line 68. delete "actuating" and insert -connecting--.

Signed and sealed this 29th day of October 1974.

(SEAL) Q Attest: f

MCCOY M, GIBSON JR. 0. MARSHALL DANN Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1786917 *Aug 9, 1927Dec 30, 1930Etienne OehmichenDevice for the automatic adjustment of the tensions of films
US3065890 *May 29, 1959Nov 27, 1962Bell & Howell CoLoop restorer
US3240550 *Aug 20, 1962Mar 15, 1966Eastman Kodak CoMotion picture apparatus with automatic rewind
US3460889 *Aug 3, 1966Aug 12, 1969Bosch Elektronik PhotokinoMotion picture projector
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4568164 *Jan 31, 1985Feb 4, 1986Canon Kabushiki KaishaMotor drive camera
US5050812 *Dec 5, 1990Sep 24, 1991Sterling Envelope CorporationDual-envelope making machine and method of using
Classifications
U.S. Classification226/36, 242/333.4, 226/195, 352/124
International ClassificationG03B1/54, G03B21/43, B65H20/36
Cooperative ClassificationB65H20/36, G03B21/43, G03B1/54
European ClassificationG03B21/43, G03B1/54, B65H20/36