US 3795021 A
A pillow for the headrest section of a chair wherein the pillow is divided into four inflatable sections, a human head is adapted to come into contact with each section, by controlling the inflating of each section the position of the human head can be controlled.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,795,021
Moniot Mar. 5, 1974 [5 HEAD POSITIONING PILLOW 3,440,976 4/1969 Bume 5/348 3,332,656 7/1967 Johnson, Jr. et al 5/348  lnvemor' vncent Hanna 2,838,099 6/l958 Warner 5 349 Ave., Woodland Hills, Calif. 91364  Filed: 1971 Primary ExaminerCasmir A. Nunberg [2l] Appl. No.: 200,086 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert E. Geauque  US. Cl. 5/341, 5/61, 5/348 R,
297/284, 297/391, 297/010. 3 [571 ABSTRACT Egg i? A pillow for the headrest sectionof a chair wherein 1 05/92 341 6 the pillow is divided into four inflatable sections, a l human head is adapted to come into contact with each section, by controlling the inflating of each section the  References Cited position of the human head can be controlled.
UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,128,480 4/1964 Lineback 5/349 11 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures I f T: I i 46 PATENIED 5'974 3,795,021
SHEET 2 BF 3 HEAD POSITIONING PILLOW BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The field of this invention relates to a head positioning pillow for a chair, and more particularly to a pillow which positions the human head in a particular manner when performing a service such as dental work upon the individual.
In the field of dentistry, the patient is placed in a lounge type of chair with the patient to assume a semireclining or reclining position. The patient is to then open his mouth and permit the doctor to work for a period of time upon the patients teeth.
From the patients point of view, such an arrangement is undesirable and it has been found that patients subconsciously tend to withdraw by moving or rotating their heads to a position away from the doctor. From the doctors point of view, this movement on the part of the patient significantly hinders the dental procedure tending to cause the doctor to make errors. Additionally, this head movement on the part of the patient requires the doctor to frequently ask that the patient reposition the head, substantially increasing the time to effect the dental procedure.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The apparatus of this invention provides for the use of a pillow for the headrest section of a dental chair wherein the pillow can be inflated in such a manner as to tend to maintain the patients head in a particular position. The pillow compriseS an upper inflatable layer and a lower inflatable layer. The lower inflatable layer is secured to the dental chair and is divided into a first section and a second section, each of which are separately inflated. The upper layer is secured to the lower layer and is divided into a first element and a second element, each of which are also separately inflated. The inflation of each of the elements is to be provided from a source which is to be regulated through appropriate valve means by the doctor. The first and second elements cooperate together to form an opening permitting access of the human head to rest upon the lower layer. The plane separating the first and second elements is substantially transverse to the plane separating the first and second sections.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an overall side view ofa typical dental chair employing the first embodiment of headrest of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the headrest of this invention taken along line 2'2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partly-in-section view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the pillow of this invention taken along line 4--4 of FIG. 2',
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the pillow of this invention illustrating the inflation procedure' FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pillow of this invention taken along line 6-6 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is an isometric view of the second embodiment of headrest of this invention;
FIG. 8 is a crosssectional view taken along line 8-8 of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 7; i
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a third embodiment of headrest of this invention;
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a fourth embodiment of this invention;
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view taken along line l212 of FIG. 11; and
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken along line l3-l3 of FIG. 11.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SHOWN EMBODIMENTS Referring particularly to the drawings, there is shown in FIG. 1 a typical dental chair 10 having a base 12, a bottom 14, a leg rest section 16, a back rest section 18 and a headrest section 20. The pillow 22 of the first embodiment of this invention is designed to be secured to the chair 10 in the headrest section 20.
The pillow 22 comprises an upper layer 24 and a lower layer 26. The lower layer 26 is divided into a first section 28 and a second section 30. Each of the sections 28 and 30 are wedge shaped and cooperate together within a casing 92 to form a box-like configuration. The plane 29 separating the sections 28 and 30 is located substantially perpendicular to the elongated length of the chair 10.
The upper layer 24 is divided into a first element 38 and a second element 40. The elements 38 and 40 are connected together so as to form a plane 42 therebetween. The elements 38 and 40 are to be in an abutting relationship with the casing 92 so that the plane 42 is located substantially perpendicular to the plane 92. Formed within each of the elements 38 and 40 is a gouged out area which cooperate together so as to form an opening 44. The function of the opening 44 will be explained further on in the specification.
Connected to the first section 28 is a pneumatic tube 46. Connected to the second section 30 is a tube 50. Connected to the first element 38 is a tube 54. Connected to the second element 40 is an inlet tube 58.
It is to be understood that each of the sections 28 and 30 and each of the elements 38 and 40 are to be constructed of a material which would facilitate inflation such as a fabric reinforced rubber or rubber tube within a casing, or the like. However, other materials such as a plastic may be readily employed. Also foam rubber may be employed to hold the shape of the pillow casing yet not support a portion of the head unless the underlying encased bladder is inflated.
Tubes 46 and 50 are connected to a first valve 60. Tubes 54 and 58 are connected to a second valve 62. Each of the valves 60 and 62 are connected through an appropriate pneumatic supply hose to a source 70. The source can be any source of regulated pressurized air which is readily available in dental offices.
As shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings, the valve 60 is positioned so as to supply compressed air through the inlet passageway 72 to'chamber 64 into the tubes 46 and 50 and then interiorly of the first and second elements 38 and 40. The valve 62 is located so as to supply air from the inlet passageway 82 to chamber 66 into tube 58 into the second section 30. The valve 62 is so positioned to exhaust air from tube 54 through chamber 33 and passageway 84 to the ambient. By turning either spool 48 of valve 60 or spool 52 of valve 62, the elements and/or sections can either be inflated simultaneously (or independently) or deflated simultaneously (or independently). Chamber 56 of valve 60 and chamber 68 of valve 62is to be employed to exhaust simultaneously the elements and sections, respectively.
The operation of the pillow 22 of this invention is as follows: It will be presumed that a patient is occupying the chair and the patients head is resting within the opening 44. If it is desired that the doctor effect positioning of the patients head so that the face of the patient will face to the right side of the chair 10 (that is, the side shown in FIG. 1 of the drawing), the doctor actuates valve 60 so as to effect a supplying of compressed air through the tube 54 into the first element 38. Also. the chamber 80 and passageway 76 will effect exhausting of the air within the second element 40 to the ambient.
If the doctor desires to effect movement of the patients head to the left side of the chair 10, just the opposite movement of the valve 60 is to be effected by the doctor.
If the doctor desires to move the face of the patient so as to be more horizontal, the doctor effects movement of the valve 62 to the position shown in FIG. 5, that is, inflation of the second section 30 and deflation of the first section, 28. If the doctor desires tomove the face of the patient so as to be vertical,.the opposite-is effected with respect to valve 62 so that inflation of the first'section 28 occurs and deflation of the second-section 30 occurs.
By the foregoing, it is believed to be readily understood that the inflation and deflation procedure can be independently controlled bythe doctor in sucha'manner as to tend to cause the patients head to move and be located inaparticular position. The doctor is also free to :regulate the amount of inflation or deflation as desired within each of the sections and within each of the elements. Some of the elements may be fully inflated while others may be only partially deflated while still others may be fully tially deflated. p
Referring particularly to FIGS. 7 to 9-of the drawings, there is shown a second embodiment 100 of the head deflated with others being par- .positioning pillow of this invention. The second em bodiment 100 is comprised of four in number of sections, a right side section 102, a left side section 104, a fore section 106 and an aft section 108. Each of the sections is composed of a thin-walled, fleitiblematerial or bladder and casing of upholstered material whic is capable of retaining air pressure. Ari air pressure supply tube 110 is to supply air pressure to section102.
' Similarly, a tube 112, a tube 114, and a tube 116 are to supply air pressure to their respective sections 104, 106 and108. 1
It is to be noted that the planview of the sections results in a trapezoidal configuration of each of the sectons. The cross-sectional view through each of the sections showsthat the cross-sectional configuration substantially resembles a circle. Eachof the sections 102,
such in their cooperative. relationship. An aperture 122 is located within the casing 120 so as to permit passage of the tubes 110, 112, 114 and 116 therethrough. Casing 120 includes a-flap 124 to close the casing 120 with the sections located therein. The casing may be an assemblage of four zippered bags wich contains, each, its own bladder and air connection, in case of puncture. The casing 120 may also include interiorly a soft support such as foam rubber. This foam rubber gives shape to the pillow in the deflated state.
The operation of the second embodiment 100 of this invention is substantially identical to the operation of the first embodiment of this invention. A valving arrangement similar to that disclosed in FIG. 5 will bev embodiment 100. This can be readily observed from r the drawing as upon inflation of element 104 and deflation of element 102(FIG. 9), the'human head 103 located within'the pillow 100 tends to be turned toward site arrangement is effected, the human head 103 will be moved to the left (into the plane of the paper). During this head movement the sections 106 and 108 will normally be'defl'ated but may be partially inflated.
If section 108 is inflated with section 106 deflated (FIG. 8), the human head 103 is moved forward with the persons face assuming a more vertical position. If just the opposite is effected, that is, inflation .of section '106 and deflation of section 108, the human head will to tilting of the head. This can be accomplished by employing a combined assembly of a lower layer 26 and an upper layer The lower layer 26. is basically identical to layer 26 described previously with like numerals being employed to refer to like partsQAls'o, layer 100' is basically identical to layer 100 described previously with like numerals being employed'to refer to like parts.
In order to raise the patients head, the operator pressurizes both chambers 28 and 30 as shownin FIG. 10. The operator may then tilt the patients head in the manner as previously described byLselective activation of sections 102', 104', 106' or 108' of the upper layer 100'. i
It is to be understoodthat the lower layer 26' of FIG. 10 may comprise a single chamber instead of the dual chamber shown. The dual chamber .givesadded flexibility in that in some instances only one of the chambers may be pressurized to combine both the raising and tilting. i l
Referring particularly to FIGS. 11-13 of the drawings, there is shown a fourth embodiment 200 of this invention. Embodiment 200 includes sections 202, 204, 206 and 208 which, are basically similar to the sections 102, 104,106 and 108 of the second embodiment and are to be inflatedin the same manner. However,
the fourth embodiment 200 differs in that the ends of each of the sections 202, 204, 206 and 208 overlap. Specifically, section 202 overlaps sections 204 and 208, section 204 overlaps sections 202 and 206, section 206 overlaps sections 204 and 208, and section 208 overlaps sections 202 and 206. As a result of the combined area at each overlap, upon inflating each of the overlapped sections, the tilting effect of the patients head is significantly increased.
Each section 202, 204, 206 and 208 is surrounded by a separate casing 210, 212, 214 and 216, respectively. Each section is inserted through appropriate aperture means (not shown) into its respective casing. Instead of the sections being connected together as in the second embodiment, the casings 210, 212, 214 and 216 are connected in the overlap areas as by bonding or stitchmg.
It is envisioned that numerous modifications could be employed without departing from the scope of this invention. For example, the dual valve arrangement depicted in FIG. 5 may be changed to a four in number valve arrangement or even possibly a single valve arrangement. Additionally, it is envisioned that the structure of this invention could be employed in other environments, for example, as upon a table to position an entire patients body as when taking X-rays or performing other medical operations. The structure of the valves 60 and 62 is depicted here generally and forms no specific part of this invention and it is to be understood that such valves are commercially available and may take any of numerous forms.
What is claimed is:
1. A pillow for positioning a human head comprising:
an upper layer being divided into first and second spearately inflatable elements, said first and second elements being located adjacent each other with a first plane separating said elements;
a lower layer being divided into first and second separately inflatable sections, said lower layer being connected to said upper layer, said first and second sections being located adjacent each other with a second plane separating said sections; and
said second plane being positioned substantially transverse to said first plane.
2. The pillow as defined within claim 1 wherein:
each of said sections being wedge shaped and cooperating together to form a box-like configuration.
3. The pillow as defined within claim 1 wherein:
said first element of said upper layer having a first gouged-out area, said second element having a second-gouged out area, said first and second-gouged out areas cooperating together to form an opening.
4. A pillow as defined within claim 1 including:
a means to inflate each of said sections and said elements, said means includes a first valve to inflate said sections and a second valve to inflate said elements, said first valve to be capable of either simultaneous or independent activation of said sections, said second valve to be capable of either simultaneous or independent activation of said elements.
5. A pillow for positioning a human head comprising:
four in number of inflatable sections, each of said sections being adapted to contact a human head, there being a right side section and a left side section and a fore section and an aft section, each of said sections having an interior air pressure chamber, each of said sections being wholly encased and closed to the ambient, said interior chambers of said sections being not connected to transmit air pressure therebetween, whereby any one of said inflatable sections may be independently inflated with respect to the other of said sections to thereby control sideways tilting of the human head as well as vertical tilting of the human head.
6. The pillow as defined in claim 5 wherein:
the cross-sectional configuration of each of said sections basically comprising a circle substantially at the longitudinal mid-point of said section.
7. The pillow as defined in claim 6 wherein:
the center portion of said pillow formed by the cooperation of each of said sections, said center portion being non-inflatable.
8. The pillow as defined in claim 7 wherein:
a casing to surround and confine said sections.
9. The pillow as defined in claim 5 wherein:
said four sections comprise an upper layer, an additional lower inflatable layer located adjacent said upper layer, said lower layer adapted to physically displace said entire upper layer.
10. The pillow as defined in claim 9 wherein:
said lower layer comprises at least two in number of separate inflatable sections.
11. The pillow as defined in claim 5 wherein:
each of said sections overlap with two in number of other ones of said sections, said overlapping occurring adjacent the longitudinal end of each section.