Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3795078 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 5, 1974
Filing dateNov 1, 1972
Priority dateNov 1, 1972
Publication numberUS 3795078 A, US 3795078A, US-A-3795078, US3795078 A, US3795078A
InventorsCoes L
Original AssigneeNorton Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Segmental cut-off wheel
US 3795078 A
Abstract
A relatively large high speed thin segmental cut-off grinding wheel has a reusable drive center with a peripheral segment aligning groove between axially spaced opposed side flange portions and equally spaced identical groups of precision tapered locating holes, in at least one of the side flanges. Identical interchangeable, replaceable and detachable composite reinforced abrasive segments are equally spaced around, precisely located, and clamped between the side flanges of the center. Each abrasive segment comprises, a thin non abrasive segment support member including a plurality of precision segment locating holes therein precisely aligned with a group of the tapered locating holes in the side flange portion by a plurality of easily removable and insertable mating tapered segment locating and retaining members extending axially therethrough and threaded into either the opposite side flange portion or into a tapered nut within an opposite tapered hole in the opposite side flange of the center. Resilient members may be compressed in the space between the inner surface of the abrasive segments and the circumferential surface of the center for maintaining the segment in tension and/or compensate for any irregularities or non mating contours in the adjacent surfaces.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Coes, Jr.

[52] U.S. CI. SI/206.5 I reinf r abrasiv segments are equally spaced [51] Int. Cl 824d 5/06, 824d 5/08 r n precisely located, and clamped een h [58] Field of Search 51/206 NF, 206.4, 206.5 side flanges of the center. Each abrasive segment com- I prises, a thin non abrasive segment support member [56] References Cited including a plurality of precision segment locating UNTED STATES PATENTS holes therein precisely aligned with a group of the tapered locating holes in the side flange portion by a plurality'of easily removable and insertable mating ta- 23'71472 2/1881 Blackburn... 51 207 pered Segment locafing andmtaining members 3 162 137 12/1954 Christensen U 125/; 5 tending axially therethrough and threaded into either 1,783,729 12/1930 Larsson ..Sl/206.5

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 530,992 ,7/l93l Germany l,652,883 3/1971 Germany 1 Mar. 5, 1974 [5 7] ABSTRACT A relatively large high speed thin segmental cut-off grinding wheel has a reusable drive center with a peripheral segment aligning groove between axially spaced opposed side flange portions and equally spaced identical groups of precision tapered locating holes, in at least one of the side flanges. ldentical interchangeable, replaceable and detachable composite the opposite side flange portion or into a tapered nut within an opposite tapered hole in the opposite side flange of the center. Resilient members may be-com pressed in the space between the inner surface of the abrasive segments and the circumferential surface of the center for maintainingthe segment in tension and- /or compensate for any irregularities. or non mating contours in the adjacent surfaces.

10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 11 SEGMENTAL cur-Orr WHEEL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of Invention .The invention relates to relatively large thin high speed segmental cut-off grinding wheels with a plurality of identical easy and quickly detachable, replaceable and interchangeable arcuate composite abrasive segments thereon and particularly to precision means for quickly and precisely locating and attaching the segments to the reusable drive center.

2. Description of the Prior Art Heretofore, abrasive segments have been attached to relatively small diameter and seldom reused drive hub or centers by riveting, bolting, brazing and adhesively bonding them to the center. Thus a great deal of time and effort is required to replace worn out segments with new ones. The applicants segmental cut-off wheel differs from the prior art in that both the. abrasive segment support members and the reusable center have precisely located segment locating holes axially aligned by the engaging mating tapered surface portion of removable and reusable'segment locating and retaining members threaded at one end into the opposite side of the center or a tapered nut therein. In addition the segmental wheel may have resilient members compressed between the abrasive portion of the segment and the circumferential surface of the center for the purpose of resisting side pressure, keeping the segment support member in tension to resist reverse stress and/or compensate for any irregularities in the contour of the adjacent abrasive surface. 1

Segmental wheels of similar construction are disclosed in a copending application Ser. No. 294,083 entitled Segmental Cut-off Grinding Wheels of Joseph J. Paterno,'Jr. et al. filed on Oct. 2, 1972.. Also, in the following US. Pat. Nos. 237,472 issued to Blackburn, Feb. 8, 1881; 3,162,187 issued to Christenson, Dec. 22, 1964; 1,783,729 issued to Larsson, Dec. 2, 1930; 2,092,591 issued to Sohlstrom, Sept. 7, 1937; German Pat. Nos. 530,792 issued to Krug, July 23, 1931 and 1,652,883 issued to Berstecher, Mar. 11, 1971 there are disclosed various prior art grinding wheels of which the Applicant is aware that are similar to but clearly .distinguishable from the invention disclosed hereinbelow. v

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A thin high speed segmental cut-off grinding wheel of relatively large diameter with a thin reusable drive hub or center adapted with suitable means by whichit can be mounted on an arbor and rotatably driven about an axis in the conventional manner. The thin drive center or disc has a narrow peripheral slot or groove extending circumferentially around the center and radially inward from a peripheral surface between opposite sides of the center, a predetermined radial depth to a circular surface at the bottom groove extending axially between opposed spaced side flange portions of the center. There are a plurality of equally spaced identical groups of tapered apertures of identical size and shape spaced around and extending axially through at least one of the opposed spaced side flange portions with the axes of the tapered aperatures situated on the same base circle of predetermined radius from the axis of the center.-A plurality of identical, interchangeable, replaceable, and detachable arcuate composite reinforced abrasive segments are equally spaced around the center, each having a thin segment base or support member with a perforated outer radial portion. embedded in, interlocked with and resin bonded to a thicker arcuate resin bonded abrasive portion and tongue projecting symmetrically therefrom into the groove between the spaced flange portions of the center. Each tongue portion has a group of identical segment locating aperture's, which may be either straight, single tapered or double tapered, axially aligned with the axes of a group of the tapered apertures on the same base circle in the flange portion.

A plurality of identical removable tapered segment locating and retaining members each have a tapered or cone shaped portion engaging the center within mating tapered or cone shaped aperatures-and extending axially into the locating aperatures in the tongue portion, which is forcefully engaged, centered on, and precisely positioned thereby, to a portion threaded into either the opposite side flange portion or into a tapered or cone shaped nut in mating engagement with an oppositely tapered surface within a tapered aperture in the opposite side flange portion of the center. 1

A relatively thin compressible resilient spacer maybe provided and compressed between the segments and the center to fill the space, make it unnecessary to true abrasive corner, compensate for radius and other irregularities between adjacent surfaces of the abrasive segment and the circumferential surface of the center;

keep the segment support members in tension and help it to oppose side bending forces as well as reverse stress applied thereto.

Abrasive segments are replaced, precisely positioned and clamped in place by removing the tapered segment locating and retaining members and the worn out segment from the center. inserting a new segment abrasive segment, in the groove, reinserting the tapered segment locating and retaining members through the tapered apertures in the center, the locating aperatures in the segment base member, and screwing them tightly into either the threaded apertures or. tapered nuts in the opposite flange portion of the center.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a view of an assembled segmental cut-off wheel of the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1 through one of the abrasive segments and a portion of the center to show the construction and tapered means for locating and retaining the segment to the center including a mating single tapered segment locating hole in both the segment support member and one side flange portion of the center and a tapered segment locating and retaining member screw threaded into the opposite side flange portion;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged side view of one of the composite abrasive segments shown in FIG. lmounted on the center; and

FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross sectional view of anothermodified form of the means for locating and retaining the segments including a straight non tapered locating hole in the segment support member engaged by a portion of a tapered locating member at one side of the hole;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged cross sectional view of another modified form of the means for locating and retaining the segments wherein the center has an opposite tapered hole in each of the opposing side flange portions in mating engagement with, a tapered locating nut and a tapered member threaded therein engaging opposite sides of a segment support member within straight non tapering locating holes therein; and

DESCRIPTION or THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIGS. 1 and 2, there is shown a segmental cut-off grinding wheel 10 of relatively large diameter which may be anywhere between 2 to 6 feet and have an axial thickness of between one-fourth tothree-fourths of an inch. The wheel lfi comprises, a thin rotatable reusable drive cylinder, center, disc or hub 12 with suitable means, such as, a center hole 12a for mounting the wheel 10 on a suitable rotatably drive spindle or arborof a cut-off machine. As shown, the reusable drive center 12 is generally of circular shape and has opposite sides or surfaces 12b and 12c extending radially outward from the center hole 12a, about the axis of the center, to a peripheral or circumferential surface 12d of the center. Extending radially inward from the peripheral surface 12a is a narrow annular segment aligning groove l2e of predetermined substantially uniform axial width or thickness of between 0.050 4 0.125 of an inch located between and at substantially equal distances from the opposite sides 12b and 12c. The narrow aligning groove 12 e extends continuously around the center a predetermined substantially uniform radial depth of between I 3 inches to a substantially circular surface 1211, of predetermined diameter and radius, at the bottomof the groove which separates and provides a pair of axially spaced opposed side flange portions 12f and 12g on the center. Preferably the center is a steel ,disc which has been pretensioned in the conventional way as by peening or working the metal in any suitable way to stiffen and increase its rigidity.

Through the side flange portions 12f and 12g are a plurality of equally spaced identical groups of axially aligned fastening means or threaded apertures 121' and tapered apertures and internal tapered surface 12j in mating engagement with tapered segment locating and retaining members 14 therein of substantially identical size and shpape with the axes of each group of members 14 identically or equally spaced on the same base circle be of greater radius and diameter than the circular surface 12h.

Each of the segment locating and retaining members 14 has an axial length no greater than the thickness of the center 12 and a tapered or cone shaped segment loeating surface or portion 14a at one end extending axially from a large end or diameter of the taper to a smaller end or diameter of the taper adjacent a threaded end portion 14b screwed into the threaded aperture or threaded surface 12i in the opposite flange portion 12f. There is a slot provided in the tapered portion 14a for turning the member 14 with'a conventional screw driver. However, the slot can be one to accomodate an allen wrench or any other suitable or conventional drive tool.

Mounted on, equally spaced around and secured to I the reusable hub or drive center 12 are a plurality of identical interchangeable, replaceable and detachable composite reinforced resin bonded abrasive segments 30. Each composite segment 30 comprises, a thin segment support member, base member or slide 32 with an outer or upper radial portion 32a embedded in, interlocked with and resin bonded to the lower central radial portion of an abrasive portion, member or element 34. At least one layer of reinforcing material 36, such as, fiber glass cloth is resin bonded to a side of the support member 32 and extends radially through the abrasive portion 34 bonded thereto, to the outer circular peripheral or circumferential surface of the composite segments 30 and grinding wheel 10. The segment support member 32 may be either a one piece or a composite laminated structure of suitable high strength material, for example, metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, and fiber glass.

Preferably the segment support member 32, as shown in FIG. 2 and 3, is an arcuate or fan shape piece of metal, such as, steel but may be a laminated structure made of resin bonded layers of either open or closed mesh fiber glass cloth or fiber glass woven roving as disclosed in the above mentioned copending application to which reference may be had for details not disclosed herein. Preferably the metal segment support member I 32 has in its upper portion 32a means for interlocking the abrasive portion or member 34 thereto comprising a plurality of apertures or holes 32b'through which the resin bonded abrasive material extends and interconnects opposite sides of the abrasive member 34,

Projecting radially inward from the concave side, under side, or inner side and smallest radius of the arcuate abrasive portion 34 is a lower segment mounting portion or tongue portion 32c of the segment support member 32. The tongue or mounting portion 32c extends into the space, groove or slot '12:: formed between the opposing inner surfaces or sides of the flange 1 spaced single chambered beveled or tapered segment locating holes or apertures and internal chamfered, beveled, or tapered surfaces 32d of smaller size or diameter than the tapered apertures and internal tapered surfaces 12j. The tapered holes 320! and their centers .or axes are spaced substantially the same as the tapered holes or aperatures 12 and substantially equal distances from the opposite radial end surfaces of the tongue portion on the same base circle be on which the equally spaced groups of the tapered apertures 12f are situated.

If desired, compressed resilient means may be provided between the abrasive surface and the center for placing the segment support member 32 in tension, and/or compensating for variations in the contour, and- /or the corner radius of the inner surface of the abrasive portion 34. Preferably the compressible resilient means comprises a plurality of narrow strips 16 of, for example, conventional resilient plastic or rubber material, initially of greater thickness than and compressed in the space between the abrasive portion and the peripheral or circumferential surface of the center.

Forcing and displacing the abrasive segments 30 inwardly sufficiently to align the tapered aperatures l2j and 32d and inserting the tapered locating and retaining members 14 compresses and preloads the resilient material 16 which pretensions the segment support member 32, conforms to and fills the space between the adjacent surfaces of the abrasive portions and periphery of the center sufficiently to help the segments resist any side bending forces or reverse stress applied to them during grinding.

Alternatively, more or less than the number of the tapered segment locating and retaining members 14 shown can be used to attach an abrasive segment and the geometrical shape, and included angle A of the tapered portion 14a of the members 14 and the mating tapered holes l2j and 3212 can be varied. Angle A is preferably about 30 but may be from to 60.

Abrasive portion 34 of the segment 30 can be-made by molding it to the desired shape or preforming and bonding together suitable layers of an abrasive mix or mixture containing at least abrasive particles and resinoid bonding material, such as a conventional thermosetting phenolic resin. The abrasive particles may be natural or synthetic diamond, metal oxide, and carbide materials such as alumina, alumina-zirconia, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, and mixtures thereof.

The composite segment 30 can be made in various ways but the preferred method is to simultaneously mold and bond the abrasive mix, the layer or layers of reinforcing material 36, and the upper portion 32a of the segment base member 32 together to the desired size and shape determined by a mold. For example, a typical conventional mold may have a mold cavity of the desired arcuate shape, depth and thickness to produce the abrasive portion 34 and means to position and support the segment base member 32 therein so the outer radial portion 32a projects into the cavity. First an outer layer of the abrasive mix of the predetermining depth to form an outer side portion of the abrasive portion 34 is spread. upon the bottom of the mold cavity. If two, pieces of reinforcement 36 are desired, one

preformed piece of reinforcing material cut-out of a sheet of Lewcott 955 open mesh fiber glass cloth precoated with like phenolic resinoid bonding material commercially available from Lewcott Chemical. and Plastic Corp., Millbury, Massachusetts is laid on the loose layer of mix. Then a preformed segment base member 32 is placed in the mold so that it extends into the cavity and over the reinforcing material the desired amount. More of the abrasive mix is spread to fill the space and form the central or inner layer between the outer edge of the segment base member and the mold wall and the interlocking holes 32b if present. Thereafter,'either a final outer layer of abrasive mix is spread thereover or a second piece of preformed reinforcing glass cloth 36 is first laid over the central or inner layer and a side of portion 32a followed by spreading a final outer layer of the abrasive mix thereover. The mold cavity is then closed with a suitable mold pressing plate and the mold placed between heatable platens of a conventional hot press, where the abrasive mix, including the resin bond, the reinforcement and the segment support member are hot pressed and resin bonded into a unitary composite segment of the desired size and shape at a pressure of one-half to 1 ton psi. and temperature of C for 15 minutes. The hot pressed composite segment is then stripped or removed from the mold and placed in an oven for a predetermined period of time at a predetermined temperature to thoroughly cure the thermosetting resin bond.

Alternatively, the abrasive segment 30 may have laminated fiber glass segment support members 32 and made by either hot or cold pressing the components to gether and curing the resin in the manner disclosed in the above mentioned copending application to which reference may be had for details not disclosed herein.

After the molded segment is cured it is placed in a suitable precision drill jig or-fixture for locating and drilling the segment locating holes and internal surfaces 32d.

The abrasive segment 30 may have as shown in FIG. 4, double chamfered, beveled or tapered segment locating holes or apertures and internal chamfered, beveled or tapered surfaces 32g instead of the single cham fered, beveled, or tapered locating holes and internal chambered, beveled or tapered surfaces 32d shown in FIG. 2. The double tapered holes provide an identical internal tapered or cone shape locating surface 32g, at each side of the segment, relatively narrow width for engagement with the tapered portion 14a of a tapered segment locating and retaining member 14. Each internal tapered surface 32g may have an axial width or length less than but no greater than one-half the axial thickness of the tongue 320 of the segment support member 32. The large diameter, at each opposite end of the double tapered aperture and side of the tongue 32c are identical and the degree of taper or angle of the tapered surfaces therein at each end of the hole are identical in number from the axis of the hole 32g. However, the tapered surfaces 32g extend axially in opposite directions, diverging from the inner smaller diameter to the larger diameters and converging from the larger diameters at the sides to the smaller diameter between the sides of the tongue portion and ends of the locating hole 32g.

In another embodiment shown in FIG. 5 the tongue portion 320 of the abrasive segment 30 has nontapered or straight segment locating apertures and internal sur- .faces 32h of a diameter substantially equal to the smaller diameter at the inner side of the flange portion, of the tapered hole l2j in the flange. portion 12g. The tapered or truncated cone shape portion 14a of the segment locating and retaining member 14 makes substantially circular line contact with, aligns and centers the internal circular surface of the segment basemember at the end of the hole 32h. It can be obviously seen in both of the embodiments shown in FIGS. 4 and S that the double tapered holes 32g and the straight holes 3211 allow the abrasive segment to be turned end for end reversed because they make the segment base member symmetrical about a central plane. Thus, interchangeable abrasive segment 30 with two reinforcing membe'rs thereon are likewise symmetrical about the central plane and can be installed without the need to reverse the segments while interchangeable abrasive segments 30 with asymmetrical abrasive portions and one reinforcing member 36 therein can be easily reversed to place one or more of the non-abrasive reinforcing members 36 in two different rotational grinding planes, one adjacent each of the opposite sides of the wheel. Preferably every other of the reversible segments 30 with but one reinforcing member 36 are reversed and assembled so that the reinforcement 36 of adjacent segments are staggered and alternately shifted from adjacent one side to a position adjacent the other side of the wheel.

Other embodiments of the invention are shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 wherein the center 12 has a double tapered hole comprising the tapered hole and tapered internal surface 12j. in the flange portion 123 and an opposite tapered aperture or hole and tapered internal surface 12k, not necessarily, but preferably of identical size, shape, and degree of taper in the opposite flange portion 12f as the hole or surface l2j. The tapered portion 14a of segment locating and retaining member 14 forcefully engagesand is centered by the internal tapered surface or hole l2j when the threaded portion 14b is threaded into a tapered slotted nut 18 with an outer tapered surface forced into mating engagement with and centered by the internal tapered surface 12k within the tapered hole. Thus, the'taperednut l8'wi th a threaded hole therein together with the engaging tapered internal surface 12k provide means for fastening the end portion 14b thereto and the tapered segment locating and retaining member 14 to the center. Also, the identical tapered nut 18 together with the tapered member 14 provide a composite segment locating and retaining or fastening means which can be reversed to engage either of the tapered holes and surfaces l2j and 12k and either both of the opposite end surfaces or edges of a straight segment'locating hole 3211 as shown in FIG. 6 or both of the opposite tapered surfaces of a double tapered hole 32g in the tongue portion 322 of the segment support member 32 as shownin'FlG. 7. If desired the threaded end of the members 14 may be staked to or adhesively fixed to the center 12 or to the nut 18 in any suitable manner to prevent loosening; but, not forceful removable thereof from the center 12 or nut 18. v, 1 I

in addition to precisely locating and retaining the abrasive segments on the center,the tapered segment locating and retaining or fastening means alsoserve to positively hold the side flange portions 12g and 1 2f together against the segment support member and preproximately 9-9/16 inches in radius. The abrasive section 34 being 0.250 of an inch in axial thickness by 4 inches in radial width or depth and provide 3 inches of usable abrasive before replacing, the steel tongue portion 32c 0.050 of an inch thick by approximately l-l5/ 16 inches in radial depth with the abrasive section 34 overhanging the sides of the tongue portion equally, approximately 0.100 of an inch and have an included angle of approximately 35 between the opposite radial end surfaces or edges of the segment.

Excess cured thermosetting phenolic resin flash or material is removed and the precisely formed composite segment is then placed and clamped. in a drill jig. A group of five identical segment tapered locating aperatures 32d are drilled in the segment member 32 with an included angle A of 30 18 minutes 26 seconds between diametrically opposite internal tapered surfaces 32d of the segment member 32 therein and a large diameter of 0.375 of an inch at the large and of the tapered hole 32d. The holes 32d are equally spaced 1.1025- of an inch between centers measured on a chord of a 6 arc of a base circle be with a radius of lO-Vz inches (21 inches in diameter) with the axes of the end holes equal distances fromthe radial end surfaces or edges of the v segment and a chordal distance of 1 inch from each of a pair of radial planes spaced 36 apart and passing between adjacent segments 30 of the grinding wheel 10.

The composite segments 30 are preferably of shorter arcuate length than the length of an arc of identical radius extending between each pair of radial planes spaced at predetermined equal angles of 36 around the axis of the hub 12. Thus when mounted on the hub 12 the segments 30 with a maximum radius of l5-%. inches and a circular surface with a 9- /2 inch radius and 19 vent them from spreading apart, whereby the segment is clamped between the flanges 12g precise dimensions necessary to make them inter-- changeable. Each new abrasive portion 34 would initially have an outer or convex peripheral surface with a radius of l5-% inches, an inner or cancave abrasive surface with a radius of 1 1- /5 inches'at the shoulders overhanging the opposite sides of the metal segment support member 32 with an inner concave surface apinches in diameter at bottom of the annular groove.

Precisely situated with their axes aligned on the same base circle bc with a radius of 10.500 inches and 2l inches in diameter and precision drilled or machined in the side flange portion of the center are 50 5/ 16-18 pitch threaded holes axially aligned with 50 tapered apertures separated into 10 equally spaced identical groups of five each. Each tapered aperture has diametrically opposite precision tapered surfaces of the center therein with an included angle of 30 18 minutes 26 seconds between them and an angle of l59 minutes 1 3 seconds from the'axis of the tapered aperture. The larger end diameter of each of the tapered aperatures and tapered surfaces 12 is 0.421 of an inch measured at the outer side or surface of one of the side flange portions of the center from which the diametrically opposite tapered surfaces converge at a standard rate of 6- /6 inches of taper per foot toward one another to a smaller hole or end diameter of 0.375 of an inch, measured at the inner surface of the flange portion within the groove 12c. The large end diameter of 0.375 of an rubber material is compressed to one thirty-second of an inch in between each of the opposite abrasive shoulders or surfaces of the abrasive portion on opposite sides of the support member 32 of each composite segment 30 and the adjacent convex peripheral surfaces 12d of the center. three thirty-seconds Upon inserting each segment support member 32 in the groove 122, compressing the resilient strip 16 and aligning the tapered holes 12j and 32d a tapered segment locating and retaining screw 14 is threaded into each of the threaded holes 12i in the opposite flange portion. Each of the tapered segment locating and retaining screws 14 move axially into mating engagement with and align the tapered surfaces within the tapered locating holes 12j and 32d which are axially aligned and thereby locating and retainingthe composite segment 30 in a precise position on the center. In this example the tapered segment locating and retaining member 14 is approximately seven hirty-seconds of an inch long,

has a threaded straight end portion with /l6-l8 pitch screw threads thereon extending axially three thirtyseconds of an inch to or from the small end diameter of a tapered portion 14a with an included angle of 3018 minutes 26 seconds between diametrically'opposite portions of the tapered surface thereon and an angle of 9 minutes 13 seconds from its axis. The tapered portion has an axial length of approximately oneeighth of an inch and tapers at the rate of 6 inches per foot from a smaller diameter of 0.354 of an inch adjacent the threaded portion to a larger diameter of 0.421 of an inch at the opposite end with a screw driver slot therein.

Thus, the assembled composite abrasive segments 30 on the hub of the dimensions described above, by example only, produce a segmental cut-off grinding wheel with an outside diameter of 31 inches, ten equally spaced abrasive segments 0.250 thick with sides lying in a single plane about and normal to its axis of rotation and with a center hole 4 inches in diameter.

When the segments 30 have but one reinforcing member 36, the segments are made and/or assembled so that the reinforcing members 36 of adjacent segments are staggered and alternately shifted from a position adjacent one side of the wheel to a position adjacent the opposite side. Hence all the reinforcement, does not lie in a single non abrading plane but is interrupted by at least one but preferably by a plurality of abrading portions of adjacent segments. Obviously this s can be done in various ways, for example, by drilling the tapered locating holes 32d from opposite sides of the segment base member 32 in one-half the total number of abrasive segments 30 on the wheel 10 or drilling one-half of the equally spaced identical groups of the tapered and threaded holes 12j and 'l2i into the opposite side flange portions 12fand 12g respectively of the center 12, or make the locating holes 32d straight or double tapered as disclosed above and shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. I

Obviously, larger segmental cut-off wheels than the specific example of the invention given above can be made by modifying the dimensions of the segments and the hub to accomodate greater number of composite segments required to complete the wheel of greater diameter and circumference. Also, the number, size diameter, and angle of the tapered segment locating and retaining members may be varied so long as there is sufficient strength in the total cross sectional area thereof to effectively oppose the calculated centrifugal load for force exerted by each abrasive portion 34 bonded to the segment base member 32 during rotation at the desired predetermined speed'and surface feet per minute.

By increasing their cross sectional area and/or strength I the number of segment locating and retaining members required can be reduced which would obviouslychange the spacing of each group of the holes 121' and 12j in the center.

Although the invention has been illustrated and described in specific embodiments, it is to be understood that many variations of and changesmay be made therein without departing from the invention set forth in the following claims.

I claim: l. A relatively large segmental cut-off grinding wheel comprising:

. a relatively large, thin circular reusable drive center rotatable about its axis having a peripheral surface of predetermined diameter,

opposite sides extending to the peripheral surface, a narrow segment aligning groove of predetermined axial width extending inwardly from the peripheral surface a predetermined radial depth between opposing inner sides of opposed spaced side flange portions of substantially equal thickness, a plurality of tapered apertures and internal tapered surfaces therein extending axially through one of the opposed spaced side flange portions and each of the tapered apertures and tapered internal surfaces tapering from a large diameter at one of the opposite sides of the center to a smaller diameter at an inner side of the one side flange portion with axes of the apertures situated-and spaced on a base circle of predetermined radius from the axis, and fastening means, in an opposite one of the opposed spaced side flange portions axially aligned with each of the tapered apertures, for attaching a plurality of segment locating and retaining members to the center; a plurality of identical, interchangeable, detachable and replaceable composite resin bonded reinforced abrasive segments spaced circumferentially around and attached to the center, each having an arcuate abrasive portion adjacent the peripheral surface of greater axial thickness than the center, a segment support member having an outer radial portion embedded in, interlocked with, and resin bonded to an inner radial portion of the abrasive portion, a tongue portion with an axial thickness between opposite sides thereof slightly less than the axial width of the aligning groove extending radially inward from the abrasive portion into the narrow aligning groove and situated at substantially equal distances from opposite sides of the abrasive portion and the cen ter, and a plurality of segment locating apertures in the tongue portion each having an end diameter on at least one side thereof axially aligned with and of substantially the same diameter as the smaller diameter of the tapered apertures at the inner side of the one side flange portion; and

a plurality of tapered segment locating and retaining members within the tapered apertures in the one side flange portion, each having a tapered portion in mating engagement with the tapered internal surface within the tapered aperture and extending axially from a large diameter through the smaller diameter at the inner side into the locating aperature beyond the end diameter and engagement with the segment support member, and

an end portion extending axially from the tapered portion, adapted for engagement with and fastened to the fastening means in the opposite side flange portion. 2. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 1 wherein the tongue portion of each of the segment support members have 1 a plurality of single tapered apertures and internal tapered surfaces therein each in mating engagement with the tapered portion of the segment locating and retaining members and tapering from an end diameter, on at least oneside of the segment support member, substantially equal to the smaller diameter at the inner side, to a relatively smaller diameter at an opposite side of the segment support member. 3. As segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 1 wherein the tongue portion of each of the segment support members have a plurality of double tapered apertures and internal tapered surfaces therein situated at opposite end portions of each of the double tapered apertures, each of the tapered surfaces adapted for mating engagement with but only one of which engages the tapered portion of the segment locating and retain ing member and tapering in opposite directions from an end diameter, at each opposite end of the double tapered aperture and side of the segment support member, substantially equal to the smaller diameter at the inner side, toward one another, to a relatively smaller diameter between the opposite sides of the segment support member. 4. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 1 wherein the tongue portion of each of the segment support members have I a plurality of straight segment locating apertures and straight internal surfaces therein with an end diam- -eter at each opposite end of each of the straight apertures and sides of the segment support member substantially equal to the small diameter at the inner side and with the tapered portion of the segment locating and retaining member therein engaging the segment support member at one end of the straight internal surface at one end of, the straight segment locating aperture. I

5. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 2 wherein the fastening means in the opposite side flange portion comprises: r V

a plurality of threaded apertures axially aligned with the tapered apertures in the one side flange portion,

and wherein the segment locating and retaining members have threaded end portions threaded into the threaded apertures.

6. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 3 5 wherein the fastening means in the opposite side flange portion comprises:

a plurality of threaded apertures axially aligned with the tapered apertures in the one side flange portion,

and wherein the segment locating and retaining members have threaded end portions threaded into the threaded apertures.

7. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 4 wherein the fastening means in the opposite side flange portion comprises:

a plurality of threaded apertures axially aligned with the tapered apertures in the one side flange portion, V

- and wherein the segment locating and retaining members have threaded end portions threaded into the threaded apertures.

8. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 3 wherein the fastening means in the opposite one of the opposed side flanges comprises;

a plurality of opposite tapered apertures and opposite tapered internal surfaces extending axially through the opposite one of the opposed spaced side flange portions in axial alignement with the tapered apertures in the one spaced side flange portion and tapering from a second large diameter on an opposite side of the center to a second smaller diameter on an opposite inner side of the opposite side flange portion of the center substantially equal to the first mentioned smaller diameter on the inner side of the one side flange portion; a plurality of tapered nuts in the opposite tapered apertures each having a threaded aperture into which the end portion of the segment locating and retaining member is threaded,

an outer tapered surface in mating engagement with the opposite tapered internal surface within the op posite tapered aperature and extending axially from a large diameter through'the second smaller diameter at the opposite inner side into and beyond the opposite end diameter of the double tapered segment locating aperture and mating engagement with the opposite tapered internal surface of the segment support member.

9. A segmental cut-off wheel according to claim 4 wherein the fastening means in the opposite one of the opposed side flanges comprises:

a plurality of opposite tapered apertures and opposite tapered internal surfaces extending axially through the opposite one of the opposed spaced side flange portions in axial alignment with the tapered aper-' tures in the one spaced side flange portions and tapering from a second large diameter on an opposite side of the center to a second smaller diameter, on an opposite inner side of the opposite side flange portion of the center substantially equal to the first mentioned smaller diameter on the inner side of the one side flange portion; a plurality of tapered nuts in the opposite tapered apertures each having a threaded aperture into which the end portion of the segment locating and retaining member is threaded,

14 10. A segmental cut-off grinding wheel according to claim 5 further comprising a strip of resilient material compressed between the peripheral surface of the center and inner surface of the arcuate abrasive portion adjacent each side of the segment support member of each composite abrasive segment.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US237472 *Jul 30, 1880Feb 8, 1881 Wheel or tool for cutting
US1502697 *Feb 23, 1922Jul 29, 1924Carborundum CoSectional grinding wheel
US1697505 *Mar 6, 1925Jan 1, 1929 Ticut
US1783729 *Jun 30, 1927Dec 2, 1930Norton CoAbrasive-wheel mount
US3162187 *Dec 11, 1961Dec 22, 1964Christensen Diamond Prod CoDiamond saw blades
DE530992C *Oct 15, 1927Aug 6, 1931Karl Krug Dr IngMit der zylindrischen Kranzflaeche arbeitende Schleifscheibe, deren Kranz aus Einzelschleifkoerpern besteht
*DE1652883A1 Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3859761 *Mar 13, 1974Jan 14, 1975Swarovski Tyrolit SchleifSegmental grinding wheel
US4069622 *Sep 8, 1976Jan 24, 1978Tyrolit-Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G.Improvements in or relating to an abrasive wheel
US5249566 *Aug 28, 1989Oct 5, 1993Firma Ernst Winter & Sohn (Gmbh & Co.)Fiber reinforced plastic, diamond coated cutting edge
US5314512 *Aug 10, 1993May 24, 1994Sexton John SInjection molding dispersion of boron nitride or diamond in nonporous thermoplastic resin
US5567503 *Sep 19, 1994Oct 22, 1996Sexton; John S.Polishing pad with abrasive particles in a non-porous binder
US6902471 *Jan 23, 2002Jun 7, 2005Robert Bosch GmbhHeavy-duty tool with a rotationally driven, disk-shaped hub
US7351133Dec 15, 2006Apr 1, 2008Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology CompanyDisc grinding wheel with integrated mounting plate
US8151783Jun 27, 2005Apr 10, 2012Husqvarna Outdoor Products Inc.Tools and methods for making and using tools, blades and methods of making and using blades
US8157619 *Oct 31, 2007Apr 17, 2012Husqvarna Professional Outdoor Products Inc.Tools and methods for making and using tools, blades and methods of making and using blades
US20120028553 *Jul 28, 2011Feb 2, 2012Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc.Flexible abrasive grinding apparatus and related methods
CN102624141BJan 28, 2011Mar 19, 2014深圳飞能能源有限公司High-speed flywheel battery rotor
EP0043136A1 *Jun 30, 1981Jan 6, 1982HELIOTRONIC Forschungs- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft für Solarzellen-Grundstoffe mbHCutting disk provided with pigments
WO1999028103A1 *Nov 27, 1998Jun 10, 1999Simec SpaMethod, tool and apparatus for sawing stone blocks
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/543
International ClassificationB24D5/00, B23D61/06, B28D1/12, B24D5/12, B28D1/02, B23D61/00
Cooperative ClassificationB28D1/122, B24D5/123, B23D61/06
European ClassificationB24D5/12B, B23D61/06, B28D1/12B2