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Publication numberUS3795625 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 5, 1974
Filing dateJun 3, 1971
Priority dateJun 3, 1971
Also published asDE2226784A1, DE2226784B2, DE2226784C3, US3740187, US3766078
Publication numberUS 3795625 A, US 3795625A, US-A-3795625, US3795625 A, US3795625A
InventorsKowalski X
Original AssigneeMonsanto Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bleaching compositions
US 3795625 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,795,625 BLEACHING COMPOSITIONS Xavier Kowalski, Creve Coeur, Mo., assignor to Monsanto Company, St. Louis, M0.

N0 Drawing. Filed June 3, 1971, Ser. No. 149,855 The portion of the term of the patent subsequent to Oct. 16, 1990, has been disclaimed Int. Cl. C01b 15/00 U.S. Cl. 252-186 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Bleaching compositions, useful for bleaching textile fibers, which are an alkaline aqueous solution containing a peroxy compound, an alkali metal silicate and a stabilizer for reducing the decomposition of said peroxy compound and which is, for example, a combination of nitrilotriacetic acid, 1 hydroxy ethylidene-l, l-diphosphonic acid, and a magnesium or calcium salt.

The present invention relates to novel bleaching compositions. Specifically, this invention is concerned with bleaching compositions which are aqueous alkaline solutions containing a peroxy compound, an alkali metal silicate and a novel combination which functions as a stabilizing agent for the reduction of the decomposition of the peroxy compound and prevention of silicate deposition.

Preparing textile materials for bleaching, dyeing and finishing generally involves a series of well-known steps. The material is first singed to burn off excess fibers, desized to remove any artificial coating put on the material for processing, rinsed, and then it is scoured. After scouring, the material is again rinsed and then, in succession, it is bleached, scoured, rinsed, mercerized, rinsed, dyed or printed, and finished. These steps are more specifically described in Chemistry and Chemical Technology of Cotton, Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York, NY. 1955, edited by Kyle Ward, Jr., and which is incorporated herein by reference. A discussion per se of the bleaching step starts on page 190 of said publication.

In general, bleaching is the fifth major step in the above-described textile finishing process. The general purpose of the bleaching step is to oxidize any foreign matter on the textile material in order to provide a substantially absorbent and white material which is readily acceptive to dyeing.

The bleaching (oxidative) process is desirable in order to attempt to remove impurities or foreign matter and thus ultimately prepare a whiteness in color product suitable for subsequent dyeing and effecting a uniformity of color thereon. Generally, commercial bleaching (including boiling) processes involve contacting the textile material with alkaline aqueous solution (bath) containing a peroxy compound such as hydrogen peroxide and an alkali metal silicate such as sodium silicate.

The use of a stabilizing agent to minimize the decomposition of the peroxy compound is well established in the peroxy bleaching art, because, among other things, the oxygen released by decomposition of the peroxy compound in general has no bleaching action as contrasted with the normal autodecomposition of the peroxy compound which does function as a bleaching agent. In fact, the decomposition of the peroxy compound may be harmful. For example, cellulosic materials in strongly alkaline peroxy (bleaching) solutions are attacked by the oxygen from decomposition with the result of loss of strength by the materials. In general, stabilizing agents are of various and diverse nature and the ability of a material to be an effective stabilizing agent is apparently unpredictable. For example, although a few sequestering agents such as 3,795,625 Patented Mar. 5, 1974 sodium pyrophosphate can be considered as stabilizing agents, the majority of sequestering agents are not considered to be effective stabilizing agents while such nonsequestering materials as sodium stannate and sodium silicate have been reported as being effective stabilizing agents. Therefore, due to their unpredictability and their diverse nature, the stabilizing agents for peroxy solutions vary in their ability with changes in the prevailing conditions such as pH, temperature conditions and the like of the peroxy solutions. For todays bleaching conditions the stabilizing agent should preferably be effective in alkaline solutions and under relatively high temperature conditions which are frequently encountered in practice as well as being compatible with other additives usually present in the peroxy bleaching solutions such as optical whiteners, that is, brighteners or fluorescent white dyes, wetting agents and the like.

Therefore, an object of this invention is to provide an improved method for stabilizing aqueous peroxy solutions.

Another object of this invention is to provide a stabilizing agent which affects synergism in the reduction of the decomposition of the peroxy compound and also prevents water-insoluble silicate deposition.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved method for bleaching cellulosic materials using aqueous peroxy solutions having dissolved therein novel stabilizing agents.

Other objects will become apparent in view of the subsequent detailed description and appended claims.

It has been unexpectedly found that the above objects can be accomplished by including a synergistic stabilizing agent which is a combination of:

(1 nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) N (CH COOH) 3 and water soluble salts thereof; (2) l-hydroxy ethylidene-l, l-diphosphonic acid (HEDP) 0 CH3 0 Hoi -bi oH HHH and Water soluble salts thereof; and (3) a water soluble magnesium or calcium salt in the aqueous peroxy solution.

It is to be understood in conjunction with the NTA and HEDP acids per se, the water-soluble salts are also included within the scope of the present invention. The preferred salts are the sodium salts. Other alkali metal salts, such as potassium, lithium and the like, as well as mixtures of the alkali metal salts may be used. In addition, any water-soluble salt, such as the ammonium salt, which exhibit the characteristics of the alkali metal salt may be also used to practice the invention.

The magnesium and calcium salts include, without limitation, magnesium acetate, magnesium benzoate, magnesium bromate, magnesium bromide, magnesium chlorate, magnesium chloride, magnesium chromate, magnesium citrate, magnesium fluosilicate, magnesium formate, magnesium lactate, magnesium nitrate, magnesium nitrite, magnesium hypophosphate, magnesium selenate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium sulfite, magnesium thiosulfate, calcium butyrate, calcium chlorate, calcium chloride, calcium hypochlorite, calcium chromate, calcium formate, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate, calcium maleate, calcium nitrate, calcium nitrite, calcium propionate, calcium l-quinate, calcium sulfide, calcium di-thionate, calcium thiosulfate, calcium valerate, and mixtures of these salts. The above list is not all inclusive and the magnesium or calcium salt is anyone which is water-soluble and provides magnesium or calcium ions in an aqueous system.

It is to be noted that these salts include both inorganic and organic salts.

It is to be understood that the magnesium or calcium salt can be supplied to the aqueous peroxy solution in the form of the magnesium or calcium salts of NTA and/or HEDP. In other Words, the novel, stabilizing agent can be in the form of (1) a three component combination of NTA, HEDP, and a magnesium or calcium salt (such as magnesium sulfate), or (2) a two component combination of the magnesium or calcium salts of NTA and HEDP.

It is desirable that the mole ratios of NTAzMg or Ca saltzHEDP be in the range of from about 1:1:1 to about :3:1, preferably from about 2:121 to about 2:2:1.

It is to be understood that the term textile material as used herein includes any natural and/or synthetic fibrous base material such as cotton, nylon, viscose rayon, polyester, e.g., Dacron, hemp, linen, jute, and blends thereof such as, for example, cotton-Dacron, cotton- Dacron-viscose rayon,, cotton-nylon-viscose rayon, cotton-Dacron-nylon, cotton-nylon, and cotton-polyester (all in various weight ratios).

If one so desires to use a surfactant in the peroxy (bleaching) solution, the specific synthetic organic surfactant can be any of a wide variety of surface active agents. Typical surfactants are described in U.S. 2,846,398 and U.S. 3,159,581, both of which are incorporated herein by reference. Furthermore, other publications which describe surfactants which can be used in the present invention processes include Schwartz and Perry, Surface Active Agents, Interscience Publishers, New York (1949) and The Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, vol. 34, No. 4, pages 170-216 (April 1957), both of which publications are incorporated herein by reference. The amount of surfactant will vary, depending upon various process conditions and any amount can be used as long as no substantial adverse effect is incurred in the bleaching operation.

Peroxy solutions which are capable of being stabilized in addition to hyrogen peroxide and its addition compounds, such as the peroxide of sodium and the super oxide of potassium, include urea percompounds, perborates, per sulfates, and the peracids such as persulfuric acid, peracetic acid, peroxy monophosphoric acid and their water-soluble salt compounds such as sodium, potassium, ammonium and organic amine salts.

Depending upon, inter alia, the particular peroxy-compound used, the pH of the aqueous peroxy solution is usually adjusted with any caustic material in order to effect a pH of greater than 7, e.g. inorganic alkali metal basic materials, such as sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium silicate, diand tri-sodium phosphates and the like, including mixtures of these as Well as the potassium forms of the foregoing materials, to a pH of between about 7.5 and about 12.5. Usually if the pH is higher than about 12.5 rapid bleaching occurs and the peroxy-compounds rapidly decompose so that it is difficult to control a proper bleaching rate without undue damage to the fibers. At pH values lower than about 7.0, the rate of bleaching in most cases is slow to the extent of being uneconomical for bleaching. In general, the amounts of caustic used are from about 1% to about 4% by weight based on the total weight of the alkaline aqueous (peroxy) solution.

The concentration of peroxy solutions can vary depending upon, inter alia, the type of peroxy-compound, pH, temperature, type of bleaching desired and the like, however, normal concentrations, i.e., from about 0.01 to about 5% can be used with concentrations from about .2 to about 3% being preferred. It is to be understood that the concentration is not a limitation herein and that any concentration can be utilized as long as the desired end result is achieved.

The stabilizing agents of the present invention may be dissolved in the peroxy solution which is ready for use or may be incorporated in a concentrated peroxy solution, such as a 35% solution of hydrogen peroxide, which is usually further diluted to form the peroxy solution for bleaching. In addition, the stabilizing agent can be incorporated in dry bleach compositions, such as perborate compositions, by admixing therewith, and the resulting composition dissolved in the aqueous system immediately preceding its end use application. In any event, the stabilizing agent is intended to be used with the peroxy solution at the time of its use for bleaching purposes.

The concentration of the stabilizing agent of the present invention in the peroxy solution can vary depending upon, inter alia, concentration of the peroxy solution, type of peroxy-compound used, pH, temperature and the like, and usually for normal concentrations of peroxy solutions and with conventional bleaching methods, the stabilizing agent is preferably present in concentrations from about 0.001 to about 5% with from about 0.1% to about 1% being especially preferred.

The methods for bleaching using the peroxy solutions containing the stabilizing agents of the present invention vary widely, as for example, from using the peroxy solutions at normal temperatures, i.e. from about 20 C. to about 35 C. and contacting the textile material by immersion for periods of time of several hours, i.e., from about 12 to about 36 hours, to using the peroxy solutions at temperatures from about 70 C. to about C. for periods of time from about 30 minutes to about 6-8 hours, as well as continuous bleaching methods which entail the use of the peroxy solutions at normal temperatures, i.e., about 25 C. and contacting the textile material by saturation, removing the excess moisture and exposing the textile material to saturated steam at temperatures from about 100 C. to about C. for periods of time from a few seconds (about 20) to about 1 hour and even longer in some cases. U.S. Pats. 2,839,353, 2,960,383, and 2,983,568 are illustrative of being representative of continuous peroxy bleaching methods.

Additional publications which relate to peroxy bleaching and/or bleaching of textile materials include, without limitation, U.S. 2,493,740; U.S. 2,515,532; U.S. 2,524,- 113; U.S. 2,602,723; U.S. 2,686,104; U.S. 2,718,528; U.S. 2,740,689; U.S. 2,803,517; U.S. 2,820,690, U.S. 2,839,353; U.S. 2,858,184; U.S. 2,868,615; U.S. 2,893,- 814; U.S. 2,893,819; U.S. 2,917,528; U.S. 2,927,082; U.S. 2,927,840; U.S. 2,950,175; U.S. 2,960,383; U.S. 2,970,- 882; U.S. 2,983,568; U.S. 2,991,168; U.S. 3,003,910; U.S. 3,043,645; U.S. 3,053,634; U.S. 3,089,753; U.S. 3,122,- 417; U.S. 3,156,654; U.S. 3,211,658; U.S. 3,234,140; U.S. 3,243,378; U.S. 3,278,445; U.S. 3,383,174; Belgium 661,- 582; British 793,733; British 852,102; British 866,764; French 1,420,462; French 1,999,350; German 1,027,174; Japanese 9600 (57); Japanese 238 (58); Netherlands 6,515,967; and Preparation and Bleaching, Textile World Refresher by K. S. Campbell, 1961 Mc'Graw-Hill Publishing Co., New York. All of these publications are to be considered as incorporated herein by reference.

The temperature of the bleaching (peroxy) solution is desirable in the range of from about 72 F. to the boiling point of the bleaching solution but temperatures from about -2l0 F. are preferred. It is to be understood that higher temperatures, such as 250 F. to 300 F., can be used (with the aid of superatmospheric pressure) where one so desires.

The practice of the invention and the advantages provided thereby are further illustrated by the following examples which are not intended to be limitative:

EXAMPLE I In order to illustrate the stabilizing ability of the stabilizing agents of the present invention, the following test is conducted with the indicated results.

The bleaching solutions shown in Table I are prepared by mixing together 900 milliliters of deionized water, 22 grams of hydrogen peroxide (35% aqueous solution), 11

grams of sodium silicate, 5 grams of sodium hydroxide (50% aqueous solution) and the indicated amount of the stabilizing agent. Ferrous sulfate is added to the resulting solution in an amount to provide 2 parts per million (p.p.m.) of Fe++ therein.

Each individual bleaching solution is contained in a suitable Pyrex glass beaker which in turn is in a thermostated bath of the Ahiba laboratory dyeing machine. Each bleaching solution is heated to and maintained at 210 F. for a period of 120 minutes. At the intervals so indicated in Table I, milliliters (1111.) aliquots of solution are withdrawn by pipette, quenched in 100 ml. of H 0, acidified with 1 ml. concentrated H 50 and the residual H 0 is titrated with 0.1 N KM O The percent available oxygen (remaining in the bleaching solution at that particular time) is calculated as follows:

Percent available 0 (mls. KM 4) (normality of Km O (0.008) 100 weight of original H O in solution The results of this test are shown in Table I.

TABLE I example, it is believed that the reaction occurs between the polysilicic acid through the silanol group and a basic metal ion like Fe(OH) as follows:

While the iron in this form might still act as a catalyst in peroxy compound decomposition, it is believed that the presence of Mg++ and/or Ca++ in the peroxy/silicate solution leads to the formation of an extensive network of Mg and/or Ca silicates which form a protective colloidal coat over the heavy metal-silicic acid complex, and thus immobilizes the heavy metal as a catalyst.

It is believed that in the case of the present invention stabilizing agent, i.e., the combination of NTA, Mg and/ or Ca salt and HEDP, the Mg and/or Ca silicate complex does the stabilizing of the peroxy compound rather than NTA and/ or HEDP. Thus, it is believed that HEDP and NTA serve as a carrier for the Mg and/or Ca and when combined as a sequestrant for excessive hardness in bleaching solutions to prevent insoluble silicate precipitates which would adversely effect the overall textile treat- Efiect of stabilizing agents on peroxide bleach stability in deionized water in the presence of 2 p.p.m. Fe++, 22

g./l. H202, 11 g./l. sodium silicate 5 g./l. NaOH, 50% pH 11.3 at 210 F.

Stabilizing agent Present No stainvenbilizing HEDP, ATMP, HEDTA 4 NTA, tion, agent 2 g./l. 2 g./l. 2 gjl. 2 g./l. 2 g./l.

Percent available oxygen remaining in bleach solutions after 5 minutes 84 85 97 80 83 98 15 minutes 7 52 92 4 35 94 30 minutes 0 1 4 0 0 84 60 minutes-.." 0 0 0 0 0 75 120 minutes 0 0 0 0 0 65 1 Low amounts of sodium silicate and high pH contribute to peroxide instability.

2 Disodium salt of l-hydroxy ethylidene-l,l-diphosphonic acid.

a Tetra sodium salt of amino tri(methy1ene phosphonic acid)40% solids; note U.S. 3,234,140.

4 Hydroxy ethylene diamine tn'sodium acetate, 40% solids; prior art. 5 Trisodium salt of nitrilo triacetic acid.

6 86.1% solution of 1 mole NTA/0.47 mole Mg (from MgSO4)/0.3 mole HEDP;

It is to be noted in Table I, that in addition to the present invention stabilizing agent, other materials are shown for comparative purposes. Table I readily shows that the sodium salts of NTA and HEDP are poor stabilizing agents as compared to the present invention stabilizing agent (shown in Table I) of the combination of NTA, Mg++ and HEDP. ATMP is representative of the prior art-US. 3,234,140.

EXAMPLE II Example I above is repeated in toto with the sole exception that in place of the 2 p.p.m. Fe++ in the bleaching solution, 2 p.p.m. of Cu++ is present. Substantially the same results are obtained as that shown in Table I.

EXAMPLE III Example I above is repeated in toto with the sole exception that in place of the 2 p.p.m. Fe++ in the bleaching solution, there is present in the solution, by addition of a corresponding water-soluble salt, 0.85 p.p.m. Fe+ 0.17 p.p.m. Cu+ 0.40 Zn++ and 0.10 Pb Substantially the same results are obtained as that shown in Table I.

EXAMPLE IV The exact mechanism of how the novel combination of NTA, HEDP and a water-soluble magnesium and/ or calcium salt effectively act as a stabilizing agent is not known. Table I shows, however, that NTA per se and HEDP per se are poor stabilizing agents in an aqueous alkaline bleaching solution containing a peroxy compound and an alkali metal silicate and catalytically-active substances such as iron, copper, manganese which greatly accelerate the decomposition of the peroxy-compound.

It is believed that the addition of a salt of calcium and/or magnesium to a solution of a soluble silicate results in a formation of an insoluble metal silicate. For

ing process. Experimentation has shown that this combination of NTA and HEDP is exceptionally unique and results in unexpected results when used in combination with a Mg and/or Ca salt. The addition of Mg and/or Ca salts, without NTA and/or HEDP, stabilizes peroxy bleaching solutions to a minor degree; however, their use is quite limited because they have poor solubility and promote insoluble silicate precipitates if used in the absence of HEDP and NTA.

The above beliefs are merely ideas as to how possibly the stabilizing agent of the present invention functions in a peroxy-silicate bleaching solution. These ideas are not to be considered as limitations in any manner whatsoever in the present invention.

TABLE II Effect of additives on the formation of Ca and Mg silicate precipitates in hydrogen peroxide/sodium silicate bleach solutions 1 Grams per liter Hours during 40% solution 05- which H202] silicate solutions NTA-3Na-Hz0 remained free of plus )4 mole precipitates NTA-3Na-Hz0 Mg/mole N TA HEDP (clear) l 22 g./l. H20: 35%, 22 g./l. sodium silicate, 0.25 p.p.m. Gu 400 p.p.m. as CaCOz from 2 Cazl Mg (from CaClz and MgSOi).

In order to demonstrate the effect of NTA, HEDP, Ca and Mg alone or in combination regarding silicate precipitation, eleven bleaching solutions (designated solutions 2-12 in Table II) are prepared in the same manner as set forth in Example I. Solution N0. 1 is a blank with no additives and is used as a control. Solutions designated Nos. 6-12 are representative of the present invention.

Table II readily shows that NTA per se and a Mg In conjunction with Table III, it is vividly demonstrated that the stabilizing agents of the present invention exhibit an unexpected result and are substantially better than the prior art maerials such as ATlMP. Specifically, it can be seen that with no stabilizing agent in the bleaching solusalt-l-NTA combination (representative of the prior art) tion, the fabric had a whiteness number of 66; with ATMP are quite inferior if not completely inefiective in preventthe value was 87 and with DETPA+CaCl the value ing silicate precipitation in bleaching solutions as comwas 85 and 86. But with the novel stabilizing agents of the pared to the novel combination of NTA, HEDP and a Mg present invention, the average value was 92, a significant and/ or Ca salt. 10 difierence and improvement. The superiority of these novel In view of the results set forth in Examples I-IV, it is stabilizing agents is thus seen. seen that two conditions must be concurrently satisfied in The test swatches bleached with the solution containing order to obtain effective bleaching with an aqueous alkathe present invention stabilizing agents are cut into one line solution containing a peroxy compound and an alkali inch strips and measured for tensile strength according metal silicate, i.e., (1) the peroxy compound must not be to the ASTM Designation D-39-49, Revised 1955 Standsubstantially decomposed over a relatively short period rd G l M thod of Testing Woven F b i A Of time, t0 2 hours and silicates in q f Breaking Strength, 11. Raveled Strip method. No substanlmlstl'emdln1I1 S0111ti0I 1 and substanllally P P tial degradation of the fabric occurred as a result of Q Over a {Clam/e Pgrlod of Both of these condl bleaching with the stabilized peroxy solution, i.e., the {10115 a Sansfied by the i l h agent of the Present tensile strengths of the bleached swatches compared very mvemlon but not by the mdlvlfiuai components thereof favorably with unbleached swatches which are similarly or by the Mg salt+NTA combmanon tested. Consequently, peroxy solutions stabilized with the LE V stabilizing agents of the present invention exhibit the In order to illustrate the bleaching ability of a peroxy i i to.blea.c a i Such as Cotton fabnc solution stabilized with the present invention stabilizing W1 i lmpamng e P i agents (and prior art materials for comparative purposes), While a peroxy solution in accordance with this ll'lVCll: the following tests are made with the indicated results set F? contam only P Q an alkah forth in Table UL several sets of four X swatches metal silicate and the novel stabilizing agents, it will be of unbleached desized sheeting are prewet with distilled 3O appreciated that the incorporation in the solution of addiwater and each set is placed in a suitable stirrer flask contlonal lngl'edlellts Commonly used in p y Solutions, taining l1 liter of a bleaching solution of the following Such as inorganic alkali metal basic materials, Wetting initial composition: 22 grams of a H 0 solution, agents, Optical Whiteners (brightening agents and fl r 11 grams of sodium silicate, 5 grams of a 50% NaOH cent dyes) and the like, is contemplated as being within solution, 0.85 p.p.m. Fe++, 0.17 p.p.m. Cu, 0.40 p.p.m. 5 the invention. Zn++, 0.10 p.p.m. Pb and the stabilizing agent as indicated The foregoing examples have been de ribed in this in T9131e The tempfifatlll'e was lhelmostated at ab0llt specification for the purpose of illustration and not limi- 210 F. At intervals of about 15 mlnl1t S, 1 allqllots tation. Many other modifications and ramifications will of solllflon are Wlthdrflwn y P P and fesldul 292 naturally suggest themselves to those skilled in the art determmed by permanganate tltratlon descnbed m based on this disclosure. These are intended to be com- Exainple I above' The 910th Swatches are WIthFiTaWP afier prehended as within the scope of this invention. t ifie 5 6v 2323: 2 1? l zfi g;azi ifigea fl g ggf l g In view of the aforegoing subject matter and particularly the examples, it is to be expressly understood that pressed and then reflectance measured vs. the original the novel combination of NTA HEDP and t unbleached cloth. Averages of four readings at different 1 bl 1 i Wa cloth orientations are reported. The degree of bleaching so u e magneslilm or 0mm Sa t magnesmrp sulis set forth in terms of fabric whiteness as determined fate) fUIICIIOII S ID two different aspects: (1) reduction of by a Gardner Automatic Color Difference Meter made the fiecomposltlon t eperoxy compound and (2) preby Gardner Laboratory, Inc Bethesda, The fabric ventlon of the precipitation of Water-insoluble silicates. whiteness numbers shown in Table III are determined Thus thg term Stabilizer as used herein is intended to relative to a standard (MgO filter being equal to 100) encompass both of these p The novelty of this hi h was as lo to perfect hit a i ibl unique combination is predicated upon these two aspects The results of this Example V are set forth in Table III. (although the exact physical and/or chemical mechanism Regarding these whiteness numbers, a difference of one is not known) and as such constitutes a significant adl) unit is considered significant. vancement in the art.

TABLE III Effect of stabilizing agents on peroxide bleach stability and on bleaching of cotton fabric 1 in deionized water in the presence of several heavy metals 1 and at pH 11.3 3

Stabilizing agent DETPA. DETPA Present invention plus plus None AIMP, CaClz 4 CaClz I (control) 4.2a g./l. 4.23 l. 4.23 gJl. 4.2a g./l. 1.75 g./l.

Fabric whiteness number 66 87 86 92 92 Percent available oxygen remaining in bleach solutions after- 5 minutes- 61 89 78 77 98 99 15 minutes 51 10 17 88 85 30 minutes 6 1 4 77 65 45 minutes 0 2 0 1 68 52 60 minutes 0. 5 0 59 40 l 100% cotton fabric, desized and scoured in a textile mill.

a Low amounts of sodium silicate and high pH contribute to peroxide instability.

4 Diethylene tnamine pentasodium acetate plus CaCh, 24.85% solids.

B Diethylene triamine pentasodium acetate plus CaClz, 32% solids.

a 36.1% solution of 1 mole NTA/0.47 mole Mg/0.3 mole H DP.

1 This solution is extremely unstable and cannot be heated up to 210 F. These values are obtained after heating to 60 C. This solution is not used for bealching of fabric sample.

What is claimed is:

1. A stabilizing agent for reducing the decomposition of a peroxy compound contained in an aqueous alkaline solution and which consists essentially of a combination of (a) l-hydroxy ethylidene-l,l-diphosphonic acid and water-soluble salts thereof, (b) nitrolotriacetic acid and water-soluble salts thereof and (c) a water-soluble salt selected from the group consisting of (1) magnesium salts, (2) calcium salts and (3) mixtures of (I1) and (2), wherein the mole ratio of (a) to (b) to (c) is respectively from about 1:1:1 to about 125:3.

2. The stabilizing agent as set forth in claim 1 wherein the water-soluble salt of item is a magnesium salt.

3. An aqueous alkaline bleaching solution consisting essentially of a peroxy compound and from about 0.001 to about 5 percent by weight of a stabilizing agent for substantially reducing the decomposition of said peroxy compound, said stabilizing agent consisting essentially of a combination of (a) l-hydroxy ethylidene1,ldiphosphonic acid and water-soluble salts thereof, (b) nitrolotriacetic acid and water-soluble salts thereof and (c) a water-soluble salt selected from the group consisting of (1) magnesium salts, (2) calcium salts and (3) mixtures of (1) and (2), wherein the mole ratio of (a) to (b) to (c) is respectively from about 1:1:1 to about 1:5:3.

4. The bleaching solution as set forth in claim 3 wherein the water-soluble salt of item (c) is a magnesium salt.

5. The bleaching solution as set forth in claim 3 wherein the peroxy compound concentration is from about 0.01 to about 5 weight percent, based on the total weight of the solution and the stabilizing agent concentration is from about 0.001 to about 5 weight percent based on the total weight of the solution.

6. The bleaching solution as set forth in claim 5 wherein the magnesium salt is magnesium sulfate.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,384,596 5/1968 Moyer 252 X 3,579,287 5/ 1971 Rowalski 25299 X 3,122,417 2/ 1964 Blaser et a1. 25299 UX 3,558,497 1/197 1 Lawes 25299 3,392,121 7/1968 Gedge 25299 UX MAYER WEINBLATT, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3991000 *Nov 1, 1974Nov 9, 1976Colgate-Palmolive CompanyBuilt bleaching detergent
US4179391 *Apr 17, 1978Dec 18, 1979Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien (Henkel Kgaa)Phosphate-free textile detergent, especially for washing at temperatures of over 75 C.
US4302429 *Feb 26, 1979Nov 24, 1981E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyProcess for solution mining of uranium ores
US4384970 *Oct 28, 1981May 24, 1983L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges ClaudeStabilizing compositions for peroxide products
US4392975 *Sep 22, 1981Jul 12, 1983L'air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des ProcedesActivating composition for bleaching with peroxide products
US4496472 *Dec 17, 1982Jan 29, 1985Ciba-Geigy CorporationProcess for bleaching cellulosic fibre materials using oligomers of phosphonic acid esters as stabilizers in alkaline, peroxide-containing bleaching liquors
US4623357 *Apr 2, 1985Nov 18, 1986Lever Brothers CompanyBleach compositions
US4699623 *Nov 18, 1985Oct 13, 1987AtochemProcess of bleaching laundry
US4725281 *Jul 10, 1986Feb 16, 1988Ciba-Geigy CorporationAqueous alkaline, silicate-containing composition and the use thereof for bleaching cellulosic fiber materials in the presence of per compounds
US4849198 *Jun 7, 1988Jul 18, 1989Degussa AktiengesellschaftMethod of reducing the tendency of particulate active oxygen compounds to cake
US4912791 *Nov 7, 1988Apr 3, 1990Basf AktiengesellschaftPretreatment of textile materials: alkaline scour or bleach with organo-phosphorus compound
US5019289 *Dec 29, 1989May 28, 1991The Clorox CompanyStable liquid detergent containing insoluble oxidant
US5264143 *Jun 5, 1991Nov 23, 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyStabilized, bleach containing, liquid detergent compositions
US8568613 *Sep 8, 2011Oct 29, 2013Ecolab Usa Inc.Enhanced stability peracid compositions
US20110319489 *Sep 8, 2011Dec 29, 2011Ecolab Usa Inc.Enhanced stability peracid compositions
Classifications
U.S. Classification252/186.29, 510/318, 252/186.27, 510/309, 510/469, 252/186.31, 8/111
International ClassificationC11D3/39, D06L3/02, D06L3/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06L3/021, C11D3/394
European ClassificationD06L3/02B, C11D3/39B4D