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Publication numberUS3796426 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 12, 1974
Filing dateDec 8, 1972
Priority dateDec 8, 1972
Publication numberUS 3796426 A, US 3796426A, US-A-3796426, US3796426 A, US3796426A
InventorsSchilpf F
Original AssigneeHalm Instrument Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Document feeder
US 3796426 A
Abstract
Apparatus for feeding documents having an adhesive area thereon. An oscillatably mounted vacuum sucker has a curved surface and a slot. A rack holds a stack of documents in operative contact with the sucker. The sucker is oscillated to separate the closest document from said stack. Take-away roller means are connected to remove said document from said sucker. A mask is mounted on the bottom of said rack to cover said slot in one position of said slot whereby said adhesive areas do not come in contact with said slots in said sucker as the document is pulled across the sucker.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Mar. 12, 1974 1 DOCUMENT FEEDER [75] Inventor: Frank J. Schilpf, North Merrick,

[73] Assignee: Halm Instrument Co., Inc., Glen Head, NY.

22 Filed: Dec. 8, 1972' 21 Appl. No.: 313,400

[52] U.S. Cl. 271/100 2,770,458 11/1956 Halahan et a1 271/99 X Primary Examiner-Evon C. Blunk Assistant Examiner-Bruce H. Stoner, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-James P. Malone [5 7] ABSTRACT Apparatus forfeeding documents having an adhesive area thereon. An oscillatably mounted vacuum sucker has a curved surface and a slot. A rack holds a stack of documents in operative contact with the sucker. The sucker is oscillated to separate the closest document from said stack. Take-away roller means are connected to remove said document from said sucker. A mask is mounted on the bottom of said rack to cover said slot in one position of said slot whereby said adhesive areas do not come in contact with said slots in said sucker as the document is pulled across the sucker.

2 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures DOCUMENT FEEDER This invention relates to means for feeding documents such as envelopes of the type having an adhesive portion.

When feeding self-sticking envelopes from a stack with a vacuum feeder, the conventional practice such as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 2,770,458 is to oscillate the vacuum sucker to separate the closest documents or envelopes from a stack and then feed the leading edge of the separated document into the nip of take-away rollers which then remove the documents from the vacuum sucker. There is a problem when the envelope or other documents containing an adhesive or selfsticking portion, since when the adhesive portion is pulled across the sucker by the take-away rollers, the adhesive portion comes in contact with the sucker and is abraded and damaged by the slots in the sucker. Also, some adhesive may stick to the sucker.

The present invention solves this problem by providing a mask to cover the slots in the sucker at the point in the cycle where the paper is being pulled across by the sucker by the take-away rollers. The use of the mask preserves the vacuum in the sucker and protects the adhesive portion from damage when being drawn over the exposed slots of the vacuum sucker.

Accordingly, the principal object of the invention is to provide new and improved means for feeding documents.

Another object of the invention is to provide new and improved means for feeding documents having adhesive or cement thereon.

Another object of the invention is to provide new and improved means for feeding documents having adhesive or cement thereon comprising a mask adapted-to prevent the adhesive portion document from coming into contact with the exposed slots of the sucker.

Another object of the invention is to provide new and improved means for feeding documents having an adhesive area thereon comprising, an oscillatably mounted vacuum sucker having a curved surface and a slot, a rack for holding a stack of documents in operative contact with said sucker, means to oscillate said sucker to separate the closest document from said stack, take-away means connected to remove said document from said sucker, and a mask mounted on the bottom of said rack to cover said slot in one position of said slot whereby said adhesive areas do not come in contact with said slots in said sucker as said document is pulled across said sucker.

These and other objects of the invention will be apparent from the following spcification and drawings of which:

FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 show side views of an embodiment of the invention illustrating the method of operation.

FIG. 4 is a developed view of the cam for oscillating the sucker.

FIG. 5 is a side view of an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 6 is a detail view partly in section along the line 6-6 of FIG. 3.

Referring to FIGS. 1 2 and 3, the invention generally comprises an oscillatably mountd vacuum sucker l, which is mounted adjacent to a rack 2, which is adapted to hold a stack of documents 3, such as envelopes of the type having an area 4, covered by an adhesive such as contact cement. Conventional vacuum suckers, such as in U.S. Pat. No. 2,770,458 separate the leading edge of the document as shown in FIG. 1,, and then rotate as shown in FIG. 2 to place the leading edge of the document 5 between the nip of pinch rollers 6 and another roller 17, FIG. 6, which is coaxial with the sucker. The pinch rollers then take away the document across the face of the sucker while the sucker is rotating in the opposite direction as shown in FIG. 3. When feeding documents such as envelopes or envelope blanks, having an area of adhesive material, when the adhesive material is drawn across the slots in the sucker, it is abraded by the edges: of the slots 9, which results in damaging the document. Also, adhesive may adhere to the sucker.

The present invention solves this problem by providing a mask 10 at the bottom of the rack 2. The mask 10 covers the slots 9 when the sucker is in the position shown in FIG. 3, namely, when the document 5 is being pulled across the sucker by the take-away rollers.

Specifically referring to FIG. 1,, the oscillating sucker 1 is shown in its initial position whereby it is separating the leading edge of document 5 from the stack.

Referring to FIG. 2, the sucker 1, then oscillates clockwise to pull the leading edge of the document 5 into the nip of the take-away rollers.

Referring to FIG. 3, the sucker then oscillates counter clockwise and under the mask 10 where it remains until the document 5 has been completely removed by the take-away rollers. The mask 10 preserves the vacuum in the sucker l, and protects the adhesive 5 on the paper from contact with the slots 11 of the sucker. The adhesive area 4 is located near the trailing edge of the documents. Mask 10 maybe a flexible sheet having a curved portion to fit the sucker.

FIG. 4 shows a developed view of the cam. When the cam follower rides on the portion A, the sucker is shown in the position as shown in FIG. 1. When the cam follower rides on the portion B, the sucker l' is shown in the position as shown in FIG. 2. When the cam follower rides on the area C, the vacuum sucker is in the position shown in FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 shows a side view of a typical embodiment and FIG. 6 shows a detail view of FIG. 5 looking at the bottom of rack 2. The hollow sucker 1, is mounted on oscillatable shaft 11 which is adapted to be oscillated by means of the arm 12 and cam follower 13 which rides on the cam 14. The shaft 11 is mounted in bearings set in the side frames. The hollow sucker has slots 9.

On the other side of the sucker, a hollow pipe member 15 connects the interior of the hollow sucker to a source of vacuum. The rack 2 supports the documents 3 in operative contact with the sucker l. A pair of takeaway rollers 6 and 6' are mounted on the driven shaft 16 which is rotatably mounted in the frame members F and F. A pair of idler rollers 17 and 18 are mounted coaxially with the sucker l and they are in pinching contact with the rollers 6 and 6' so that they are driven by the rollers 6 and 6'.

In operation, the sucker pulls the leading edge of the document into the pinching contact of the take-away rollers which pull the documents across the sucker. The documents are wider than the sucker so that they will be gripped by the take-away rollers.

In the position of FIG. 3, the mask 10 covers the slots 9 in the sucker until the next cycle starts.

I claim:

3 4 1. Means for feeding documents having an adhesive said sucker slot as said adhesive area is pulled area on its trailing edge comprising,, across said slot comprising a mask mounted on the an oscmaiably mounted Vacuum Sucker having a bottom of said rack to cover said slot in one posicurved surfaqe and a Slot tion of said slot whereby said adhesive areas do not a rack for holdmg a stack of documents m Operative 5 come in contact with said slots in said sucker as contact with said sucker,

means to oscillate said sucker to separate the closest document from Said Stack 2. Apparatus as m claim 1 wherein said mask 1s a take away means connecmd to remove Said docu, curved flexible member mounted on the bottom of said ment from said sucker, and means to prevent physirack nd e end g Over Said Sucker. cal contact of said adhesive area with the edges of said document is pulled across said sucker.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2770458 *Aug 14, 1953Nov 13, 1956Aronson Theodore FPaper feeder
US2849232 *Jan 7, 1955Aug 26, 1958Aronson Theodore FSheet feeder
US3291482 *Jul 2, 1964Dec 13, 1966Dunnebier KurtMechanism for feeding envelopes, cards or other sheets from under a pile into a machine for their processing
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3851871 *Dec 10, 1973Dec 3, 1974Aronson THigh speed sheet feeding apparatus
US4739606 *Oct 30, 1986Apr 26, 1988Hammermill Paper CompanyConveyor means of system for in-line processing of envelopes and the like
US4739982 *Sep 8, 1986Apr 26, 1988Ncr CorporationSheet separating apparatus
US5417158 *Dec 3, 1993May 23, 1995Multi-Plastics, Inc.Reciprocator sleeve for use in a printing press machine having an envelope feeder
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/100
International ClassificationB07C1/00, B65H3/10, B07C1/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65H3/10, B07C1/04
European ClassificationB07C1/04, B65H3/10