|Publication number||US3796509 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1974|
|Filing date||May 10, 1972|
|Priority date||May 10, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3796509 A, US 3796509A, US-A-3796509, US3796509 A, US3796509A|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (10), Classifications (11), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Wood [111 3,796,509 [451 Mar. 12, 1974 SCROLL WASHER FOR CENTRIFUGAL FANS  Inventor: Carl 0. Wood, Needham Height Mass.
 Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation,
 Filed: May 10, 1972  Appl. No.: 251,995
 US. Cl 415/116, 415/121 A, 55/240,
134/104,134/169 R  Int. Cl. F04d 31/00  Field of Search ..415/116, 121 A, 121R;
55/DIG. 40, 240,241, 223, 238, 242; 134/104,115 R, 166 R, 169 R  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 911,802 2/1909 Baldwin 415/116 2,050,523 8/1936 Freed... 415/116 2,288,734 7/1942 Noack... 415/121 A 2,372,538 3/1945 White 415/121 2,598,032 5/1952 Blomen 415/116 2,978,169 4/1961 Stanton.
3,127,256 3/1964 Boylan 3,274,757 9/1966 Wapler 3,678,659 7/1972 Schouw 55/238 Primary Examiner-C. J. Husar Attorney, Agent, or Firm-1 E. Blake  ABSTRACT This invention relates to a centrifugal fan having a rotating fan wheel and means for removing centrifuged particulate matter from the interior wall of the fan scroll. A conduit, capable of carrying a fluid under pressure, is provided with a plurality of perforations so that jets of water may be applied to the inside surface of the scroll to dislodge and maintain the particulate matter in a fluidized state to enable the matter to be removed from the scroll by a suitable drain. The conduit is disposed adjacent the inner surface of the scroll and aligned substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of the fan wheel.
4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures SCROLL WASHER FOR CEN'I'RIFUGAL FANS CROSS REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS So far as known, this invention is not related to any pending patent application.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION A major problem with centrifugal fans, such as a dust collector scrubber fan, has been in preventing the buildup of particulate matter on the fan scroll. A gas passing through the fan scroll can be subjected to a centrifugal force many times the force of gravity which may cause dust and other particles to be separated out of the gas and centrifuged to the inside wall of the fan scroll. If such material is not removed, it may tend to cake and fall off into the rotating fan wheel resulting in possible damage.
It would therefore be desirable to employ conduit means for introducing a fluid under pressure into the gas passage formed by a centrifugal fan scroll in order to apply the fluid to the. interior surfaceof the scroll with a sufficient jetting action to dislodge the centrifuged matter from the scroll and maintain the matter in a fluidized state to allow the'sludge to be drained therefrom. It would also be desirable to dispose the conduit means adjacent the interior surface of the scroll and in a position whereby the fluid under pressure may be delivered to the interior scroll surface in the same general direction as that of the gases passing through the interior of the scroll.
PRIOR ART The following patents show the general arrangement of a centrifugal air handling apparatus and conduit means to inject a fluid throughthe apparatus casing for the purpose of dislodging centrifuged matter from portions of the inside surface of the casing:
Bullock 2,804,163 Percevaut 2,983,333
However, none of the above shows a centrifugal fan having fluid carrying conduit means disposed adjacent the inner surface of the" fan scroll while being aligned generally in the direction of the scroll width and substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of the fan wheel.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The fluid transporting conduit is axially aligned to be generally in the same direction as that of the shaft of the fan wheel and substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of the fan wheel. The conduit may be modified, as in the preferred embodiment, to extend axially and completely through the area defined by the fan scroll and in the direction of the fan wheel shaft to enable fluid under pressure to be supplied to portions of the inner surface of the scroll from either end of the conduit.
A plurality of perforations are arranged laterally in the conduit so that fluid may be jetted with sufficient force against those portions of the interior surface of the scroll member likely to have a buildup of sludge thereby dislodging the particulate matter which has separated out of the air passing through the scroll and has been centrifuged thereon. The particulate matter may be maintained in a fluidized state and eventually drained from the scroll member by a suitable drain placed therein.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS.
FIG. 1 is an isometric, partially broke-away view of a centrifugal fan employing the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial section taken along lines II-II of FIG. 1; and 7 FIG. 3 is a fragmentary front elevation of FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring toFIG. 1 of the drawings, a centrifugal fan 1 is shown. Fan 1 is adapted to receive a gas through an inlet opening 2' extending axially and in the direction of arrow W. A fan wheel, shown generally at 4, having a plurality of conventional fan blades 6 is supported for rotation by means of shaft 8. Shaft 8, also extending in an axial direction as defined by the direction of inlet opening 2 and arrow W, is supported by hub 9 and from any suitable support means 30 as shown by FIG. 3. Fan 1 is provided with a scroll plate member 10. Scroll 10 has a finite width (in the direction of arrow W) defined along a length and forms a curved involute gas flow path 11 through which a gas being passed may be subjected to centrifugal forces several times the force of gravity. Discharge conduit 14 is arranged to provide a tangential outlet for the gases after they have been circulated through flow path 11.
As may frequently be the case in centrifugal fans, such as those of the dust scrubber type for example, dust and other particulate matter contained within the gas subjected to the high centrifugal forces, may sepa rate out from the gas passing through curved flow path 1 l and become centrifuged against the inner surface 12 of scroll plate 10. If'this formation of particulate matter is allowed to continue to exist around the inner scroll surface 12, sludge may cake up thereon and subsequently fall into the moving fan wheel 4 resulting in possible damage.
To eliminate the possibility of particulate matter buildup on the inner scroll surface 12, a conduit 16, capable of carrying a fluid under pressure, is introduced into the scroll flow path 11. In accordance with the instant invention, fluid carrying conduit 16, is disposed through flow path 11 at a point adjacent to the scroll interior wall 12 and in the direction of the scroll width W. In the preferred form of the invention, conduit 16 is located as the existing pipe cut-off 19, already pres ent in the fan housing. Also in the preferred form, conduit 16 extends completely through flow path 11 in the same general direction as both the scroll member width and the axially projecting fan shaft 8. Thus, conduit 16 can be aligned substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of fan wheel 4, the advantages of which will be explainedhereinafter. By extending I conduit 16 completely through flow path 11, fluid can be supplied through the conduit from either end with control means provided by any suitable valve arrangement 20.
A plurality of laterally arranged perforations 18 is cut into the fluid carrying conduit 16. These perforations 18, provide means whereby the fluid, by a jetting action and with a sufficient force, may be directed against a portion of the interior surface 12 of scroll plate member so as to dislodge the centrifuged particulate matter therefrom and maintain the matter in a fluidized state for evenutal removal from within the scroll member by means of any suitable drain, shown generally at 22 of FIG. 3. By aligning conduit 16 substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of the fan wheel 4, sludge will be forced around the scroll in the same general direction as the gas flow, and the kinetic energy of the water jets will tend to add to the acceleration of the gas (shown in greatest detail by FIG. 2).
Although in the preferred embodiment, the fluid carrying conduit is disposed at the existing pipe cut-off or may in fact be the existing pipe cut-off to extend into the fan scroll in the same direction as the fan wheel shaft, it is also within the scope of the invention to dispose the fluid carrying conduit at locations other than at the fan cut-off. Any position within the fan scroll in which the fluid carrying conduit is disposed adjacent 'the inner surface of the scroll member while in a general alignment withthe axial direction of the fan wheel shaft and in a substantially transverse direction to the direction of rotation of the fan wheel is considered a modification within the scope of the instant invention. In the preferred embodiment, the fluid carrying conduit extends axially and completely through the fan scroll inthe direction of the scroll width enabling fluid to be supplied through either end of the conduit. It is also considered within the scope of this invention to extend the conduit only partially through the fan scroll and in the direction of the scroll width. Other modifications will occur to those skilled in the art.
1. A centrifugal fan having a scroll member against the interior surface of which particulate matter may be centrifuged, said scroll having a 'finite width defined along a length, a fan wheel supported for rotation by a shaft, said shaft extending axially in the direction of said scroll width, and a conduit capable of transporting a fluid under pressure, said conduit disposed adjacent the inner surface of said scroll and having means whereby said fluid may be jetted in the direction of rotation of said fan wheel with sufficient force against said interior surface to dislodge the centrifuged particulate matter therefrom and to thereby maintain said matter in a fluidized state, said conduit being aligned generally in the same direction as said fan wheel shaft and substantially transversely with respect to the direction of rotation of said fan wheel.
2. The invention of claim 1, wherein the scroll of said fan has a cut-off and said fluid carrying conduit is disposed near said cut-off.
3. The invention of claim 1, wherein said conduit is a pipe cut-off for said fan scroll.
4. The invention of claim 1, wherein said fluid carrying conduit is extended axially and completely through said fan scroll in the direction of said scroll width.
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|U.S. Classification||415/116, 134/104.4, 134/169.00R, 415/121.2, 134/104.1, 415/169.2, 96/324|
|International Classification||F04D29/70, F04D29/00|
|Apr 1, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMERICAN DAVIDSON, INC., 8111 TIREMAN AVENUE, DEAR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION A CORP OF PA;REEL/FRAME:004386/0282
Effective date: 19841219