US 379734 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. S. SMITH. SUNSHADB FOB. BABY GARRIAGES.
Patented Mar. 20, 1888.
W a0/M l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HERBERT S. SMITH, OF NFV YORK, N. Y.
SUNSHADE FOR BABY-CARRIAGES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 379,734. dated March 20,1888.
Application filed December 23, 1887, Serial No. 258.793.
ject of my invention is to provide a sunshade A riage.
or protection to the child, which is supported adjustably at two opposite points in such manner that either front or back may be raised or lowered and secured, or the cover tilted sidewise between these points, as desired.
I employ two vertical rods placed at the opposite ends or sides of the carriagebody and secured thereto, and between these rods I sus` pend a cover or shade which is connected adjnstably by clamps to the vertical rods, these clamps being secured to strips at the ends of' and supporting the cover or awning at opposite points, and, being adjustable, permit ofthe awning or cover being raised or lowered at either the front or back of the carriage, as may be desired, and the clamp also permits of tilting the cover or awning to either side of the carriage in order to shade the baby from direct sunlight, and these clamps hold the cover rigidly in place.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved sunshade or cover and of the upper part of the body of a babycar- Fig. 2 is an elevation, and Fig. 3 is a cross-section, of the clamp. Fig. 4 is a parallel perspective view of a modified form of' clamp, and Fig. 5 is an elevation of the vertical rods and section of the sliding sleeves.
The carriagesbody A may be of any desired construction or material. The-vertical rods e a are secured to this carriage-body at the opposite ends or sides in any desired manner, (I have shown them secured at opposite ends,) and these rods may be capable of' being tilted and secured at an inclination, il' desired; and said rods may be provided withjoints or hinges and sliding sleeves at ai, Fig. 5, whichjoints and sleeves are similar to those employed on parasols.
The sunshade or awning B is composed of flexible fabrics of' any desired character, and
may be made any shape. I, however, show and prefer one of rectangular shape. The fabric of the sunshade is secured at opposite ends to the strips b b', and the border at the sides and ends ofthe fabric depends from'tlie main strip of fabric composing the top, and this border ofthe fabric may be ornamcnted with fringe or lace. These strips b b are shown straight; but they may be bow-shaped and placed either vertically, horizontally, or at an angle. The adjustable clamps C are each composed of a holdfast, c, secured at its ends by screws passing into the strip b. There is an eye, el, surrounding the vertical rod a, and this eye d has a screw-stem, e, passing through the hole in the holdfast c, and upon this screw-stem e there is a washer,f, and butteriiy clamping-nut g, which bear against the outer surface of the holdfast c, and when the nut g is revolved to clamp the parts the rod a is drawn against the inner edges of the holdfast c, and the parts are thus held together in any desired position in which they may be placed.
The holdfast c is preferably of cast metal of the shape shown in Figs. 1 and 2, having a central part, 1, end ears, 2, and intermediate inclined parts, 3 4, and said holdfast has a hole through the central part, 1, for the screw-stem e. rFhis construction of holdfast permits of 8o giving to the flexible top a tilting motion sidewise to any desired angle, as well as a vertical motion at either or both ends upon the rods a a.
If desired, I may employ a single clamp such as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 in connection with a sunshade of any character to secure the same adjustably upon a single upright rod, such as one of the rods a.. The modification shown in Fig. 4 illustrates a clamp wherein the holdfast c is shown bow-shaped and having a central part, 1, end ears, 2, having holes for the screws by which the holdfast is secured to the strip b of the sunshade, and inclined intermediate parts, 3 4, similar to the holdfast of Figs. 2 and 3; but this form of holdfast I prefer to slot horizontally through the central and inclined parts, 1 3 4. This slotreceives the stem e of the eye d, and this construction permits of a partial circular or turn-table motion to the sunshade B by moving the same and causing the stem to change its position in the slot,
Io the strips and passing around the rods a a',
whereby the awning is clamped securely in place, substantially as specified.
2. The combination, with the carriagebody and the rods a a', connected, respectively, to
the front and back portions of the body, of the 15 flexible awning B, the strips b b at the ends of the awning, the slotted holdfasts c, connected to the strips, eyes d, surrounding the rod and having screw stems, and clamping-nuts g upon said stems, whereby the awning is secured to 2o and supported by the rods a a at tWo opposite points. substantially as set forth.
Signed by me this 21st day of December, 1887.
HERBERT S. SMITH. Witnesses:
GEO. T. PINCKNEY, WILLIAM G. Morir.