US 3797723 A
A powered fastener-driving tool is provided which includes a housing in which a driving piston is mounted for reciprocatory movement, and a fastener magazine extending laterally from said housing. The housing and magazine are of unitary construction. A nose section depends from the housing and is connected to one end of the magazine. The nose section is provided with a chamber into which fasteners are successively fed from the magazine. A fastener feed assembly is mounted on the magazine and is adapted to automatically feed the fasteners from the magazine to the chamber.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Perkins et a1.
[451 Mar. 19, 1974 FASTENER-DRIVING TOOL  Inventors: Garry R. Perkins, PalatineiJames K. Goode, Jr., Cary, both of 111.
 Assignee: Spotnails, lnc., Rolling Meadows,
 Filed: Feb. 7, 1972  Appl. No.: 224,113
 US. Cl. 227/109, 227/126  int. CI. B25c 1/00  Field of Search 227/126, 132, 123, 109
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,482,156 9/1949 Crosby et a1 227/126 3,086,207 4/1963 Lingle et al 227/123 2,361,483 10/1944 Lang 227/132 2,857,596 10/1958 Allen et a1. 227/126 3,633,811 1/1972 Ploen 227/109 Primary Examiner-Granville Y. Custer, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Harold P. Smith, Jr.
[ 5 7] ABSTRACT A powered fastener-driving tool is provided which includes a housing in which a driving piston is mounted for reciprocatory movement, and a fastener magazine extending laterally from said housing. The housing and magazine are of unitary construction. A nose section depends from the housing and is connected to one end of the magazine. The nose section is provided with a chamber into which fasteners are successively fed from the magazine. A fastener feed assembly is mounted on the magazine and is adapted to automatically feed the fasteners from the magazine to the chamber.
5 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEU MR 1 9 I974 SHEEI 2 0F 3 FIG. 3
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Various pneumatically, hydraulically, electrically, or mechanically powered fastener-driving tools have heretofore been provided; however, because of certain design characteristics, they have been beset with one or more of the following shortcomings: (a) the housing for the driving piston and the fastener magazine were separate components joined together by bolts, screws, rivets, and the like and thus, proper and secure assembly of the two components was difficult to maintain because of the severe vibrations to which the tool was subjected during operation; (b) loading of the magazine was a difficult and awkward manipulation; (c) the tool was highly susceptible to jamming; (cl) various components of the fastener feed assembly were exposed and susceptible to bending or breakage; (e) the various components comprising the fastener feed assembly were susceptible to excessive wear, causing an inordinate amount of down time for servicing the tool; (f) the tool was of bulky, heavy construction and was awkward to handle; and (g) the tool was incapable of handling a variety of fasteners.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Thus, it is an object of this invention to provide a powered fastener-driving tool which avoids the aforenoted shortcomings.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a powered fastener-driving tool wherein the housing for the driving piston and the fastener magazine are of unitary construction.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a fastener-driving tool wherein the components of the nose section may be readily disassembled without requiring disassembly of the remainder of the tool.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a fastener-driving tool having fastener guides mounted within the magazine and which may be readily replaced, when required, so as to accommodate various sizes and types of fasteners.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a fastener-driving tool having a manually releasable means mounted on the magazine which will automatically interlock with the pusher member when the latter is in an extended position for reloading the magazine.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a fastener-driving tool wherein the spring bias for the pusher member, which forms a component of the feed mechanism, is of compact design and substantially concealed within the magazine.
Further and additional objects will appear from the description, accompanying drawings, and appended claims.
In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, a powered fastener-driving tool is provided which includes a housing, in which a driving piston is mounted for reciprocatory movement, and a laterally-extending elongated fastener magazine. The housing and magazine are of unitary construction. Secured to the housing and depending therefrom is a nose section which is provided with a chamber in which a fastener is positioned prior to being discharged therefrom by the driving piston. Mounted within the magazine is a fastener guide along which the fasteners move while being successively fed into the chamber. Slidably mounted on the guide is a pusher member which is biased to move in a direction towards the chamber. Mounted on the magazine and remotely disposed relative to the nose section is a manually-releasable latch assembly which is adapted to automatically interlock with the pusher member when the latter is in an extended position, and retain said pusher member in said extended position while the magazine is loaded with fasteners.
DESCRIPTION For a more complete understanding of the invention reference should be made to the drawings wherein:
FIG. I is a perspective side view of one form of the improved fastener-driving tool, and showing the pusher member thereof retained in an extended magazineloading position.
FIG. 2 is similar to FIG. 1, but showing the opposite side of the improved fastener-driving tool.
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the side of the tool shown in perspective in FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary top view of the magazine and handle shown in FIG. 3, but with the pusher member omitted.
FIG. 5 is a perspective bottom view of the tool shown in FIG. l, but with the pusher member disposed in a position adjacent the nose section.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary, perspective view of the nose section, magazine, and pusher member comprising the tool of FIG. 1, but showing the pusher member in its fully retracted position adjacent the nose section.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary, side elevational view of the remote end of the magazine showing a portion of the latter removed so as to reveal the pusher member being held in its extended position by the manually-releasable latch assembly mounted on the magazine remote end.
FIG. 8 is similar to FIG. 7, but of the opposite side of the pusher member and latch assembly; the latter being shown in dotted lines in its release position, and the pusher member being shown in dotted lines in a changed position subsequent to being released.
FIG. 9 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 7.
Referring now to the drawings, one form of an improved fastener-driving tool 10 is shown. The illustrated tool is pneumatically powered; however, the invention, to be hereafter described, is not intended to be limited to a pneumatically-powered tool, but may be readily incorporated in hydraulically, electrically, or mechanically powered tools as well.
Tool 10 is portable and is of a type normally used by carpenters and the like in general construction work. Basically, tool It) includes a one-piece body 11, and a depending nose section 12. The nose section is adapted to accommodate a fastener prior to the latter being discharged therefrom into the work piece, not shown. The tool body 11 includes a head section 13 in which is reciprocally mounted a driver piston, not shown. A cap, or cover 14, is removably mounted on the top of the head section to provide access to the driver piston, when required. The nose section 12 is mounted on the underside of the head section and extends downwardly therefrom.
Extending laterally from the upper portion of the head section, is a hollow handle 15 which may be readily gripped for manipulating the tool. Associated with the handle is a finger-actuated trigger assembly 16. A hose connection 17' is mounted on the rear end of the handle to facilitate connection of the tool to an air hose, not shown.
The tool body 11 also includes an elongated magazine section 18 which extends angularly outwardly and upwardly from the nose section 12. The magazine section is disposed beneath the handle section, but is offset slightly with respect thereto, as seen more clearly in FIG. 4, so that the handle will not obstruct the view of the person utilizing the tool.
As aforenoted, the head section 13, handle 15, and magazine 18 are of one-piece construction. Such construction is of utmost importance in minimizing the adverse effect of the severe vibratory forces to which the tool is subjected during operation. Because the vibratory forces generated are of substantial magnitude, the head section, handle, and magazine, if separate components, are highly susceptible to working loose from one another, thereby causing alignment problems and ultimate jamming of the tool. Such a problem has been of real concern with many of the prior tools of this general type.
In the improved tool, the one-piece body 11 is preferably cast from a suitable lightweight, high impact type of metal (eg. magnesium alloy).
The magazine section 18 is ofa predetermined length and will depend upon the type and number of fasteners F to be accommodated therein. The fasteners, illustrated in FIG. 7, are round-headed nails. Preferably a predetermined number of fasteners F are collated together so as to form a stick." Each stick is normally rather inflexible and, in the illustrated embodiment, the fasteners thereof are nested together with the head end of the leading fastener being partially disposed beneath the head end of the succeeding fastener. The tilt, or angular disposition of the magazine, relative to the head section 13, coincides substantially to the stepped relation of the fasteners forming the stick.
A suitable fastener-loading slot 20 is formed in the top portion of the magazine adjacent the remote end thereof. see FIGS. 1-3. The length of the slot will depend upon the length of the stick being inserted in the magazine. The overall length of the magazine is such that it is capable of accommodating a plurality of sticks arranged in end-to-end relation. As noted in FIG. 9, the magazine 18 has a substantially inverted U-shape crosssectional configuration. The outer or remote end of the magazine is open and is adapted to receive a manuallyreleasable latch assembly 21, which will be described more fully hereinafter.
Disposed within the magazine, and substantially coextensive with the length thereof, is an elongated fastener track or guide 22. The track includes a pair of elongated components 22a and 22b which are disposed in spaced. substantially parallel relation. The spacing between components 22a and 22b is slightly greater than the diameter of the shank F of a fastener accommodated within the magazine. The lower portion of each component, however, is offset outwardly a slight amount so as to compensate for the thickness of the heads of the screws S used to secure the components 22a and 22b in predetermined fixed positions within the magazine interior. Proper positioning of the components within the magazine interior is provided by a plurality of longitudinally-spaced spacers 23 and 24.
The spacers 23, disposed on one side of the track 22, are in staggered relation with respect to the spacers 24 disposed on the opposite side of said track.
To provide access to the screw heads. the sides of the magazine 18 are provided with a plurality of elongated slots 25. The slots, on one side. are in staggered relation with respect to the slots on the opposite side of the magazine. The lower portions of the components 22a and 22b are exposed within the slots and such exposed portions. in turn, are provided with openings 26. The openings 26 in component 22a are in registered relation with the slots formed in the adjacent side of the magazine so that the slotted heads of the screws S may be readily turned by a screwdriver or the like when the tool is being initially assembled or the track components are being changed so as to accommodate a different type or size fastener. The leading ends of the screws extend through the track component openings and the spacers 23 or 24 and are threaded into internally threaded holes 27 formed in the portions of the sides of the magazine disposed between the slots 25, see FIGS. 3 and 6.
The latch assembly 21, as aforementioned, is mounted on the outer, or remote end of the magazine 18. The assembly 21, in the illustrated embodiment, see FIGS. 7 and 8, includes a cover piece 28 which is provided with a front portion 28a extending into the open remote end of the magazine and between the sides of the magazine, and an enlarged back or exposed portion 28b which overlies and closes off the remote end. The
cover piece 28 is held in assembled relation with the sides of the magazine by a plurality of screws 30, or the like, see FIGS. 1, 3, and 7.
Pivotally mounted on the front portion 28a of the cover piece is a spring-biased latch 31, see FIGS. 7 and 8. The latch is substantially L-shaped with the pivotal axis 32 thereof adjacent the juncture of the two legs 31a and 31b of the latch. Leg 31a projects upwardly and is adapted to be selectively engaged by the finger of the tool operator to effect release of a pusher member 33 from its extended, or magazine-loading position A, see FIGS. 1, 3, 7, and 8. The purpose and structure of the pusher member will be described more fully hereinafter.
Leg 31b of the latch 31, on the other hand, extends inwardly towards the nose section 12 and has the distal end thereof formed as a hook H, see FIG. 8. The hook is adapted to interlockingly engage a tongue T carried by the pusher member and retain the latter in its extended magazine-loading position A. The latch 31 is biased, in a clockwise direction to assume its pusher member-locking position by a coil spring 34, see FIG. 7. One end of the spring engages the underside of leg 31b and the opposite end resiliently engages a notched ledge 280 formed in the front portion 28a of the cover piece 28. In FIG. 8, the latch 31 is shown in dotted lines in a manually-adjusted position B, wherein the pusher member is released from the latch and is urged towards the nose section 12 by a wound, or spool-type, spring 35.
The pusher member 33 is slidably mounted on the track 22 and is adapted to resiliently engage the last fastener in the magazine and push all of the accommodated fasteners in a direction towards the nose section. Member 33 has a flat platelike central portion 33a, which is disposed between the track components 22a and 22b and engages the shank of the last fastener, see
FIG. 9. The upper portion 33b of central portion 33a is bent over the upper edge of the component 22a and is provided with a lug, or projection 330 which is adapted to be inserted through an opening a formed adjacent the free end of the spring 35, see FlG. 7.
Extending downwardly from the central portion 33a of the pusher member 33 and beyond the lower edges of the track components 22a and 22b and out the bottom of the magazine 1%, is a lower portion 33d. Portion 33d, as seen in FIG. 9, extends laterally outwardly and subtends the lower edge of one of the magazine sides and then a portion 33e extends upwardly along the exposed surface of said magazine side and terminates in an exposed finger pull 33f. The pull 33ffacilitates manual movement of the pusher member to its extended position A.
The biasing spring 35 comprises a resilient metallic band 35b which is normally coiled about a spool 36, the latter being mounted on a suitable bracket 37 for rotation about a fixed axis. The bracket 37 is carried by the magazine 18 adjacent the nose section ill, see FIG. 6. As the resilient band 35b is unwound from the spool 36, it passes between one side of the magazine and the track component 22a and thus, is concealed from view by the side of the magazine, see FIG. 9. The concealed disposition of the unwound band is a safety feature both to the operator and the tool itself. In many prior tools of this general type, the pusher member biasing spring was exposed and susceptible to being accidentally knocked out of adjustment or becoming entangled with various objects, including the clothing of the operator.
The nose section 12 is formed of a pair of flat pieces l2a and 12b which are secured to one another in faceto-face relation. Piece 12b, as seen in FIG. 6., is secured to the underside of the body section 13 and is provided with a passageway P, which is aligned with the lower end of the magazine guide 22. The contacting surfaces of pieces 12a and 12b cooperate with one another to form a chamber X, into which a single fastener is successively fed by the pusher member and from which the fastener is subsequently discharged by the driver piston into a work piece.
Overlying the exposed surface of piece 112a, and slidably mounted thereon, is a safety trip member 3% which is adapted to render the trigger 16 either operative or inoperative. The member 38 is biased to assume an extended position, as seen in FIG. 6, wherein the trigger 16 is inoperative in firing the tool even when the trigger is manually depressed. In order to render the trigger operative, it is necessary for the trip member 3% to be pushed against the exposed surface of the work piece until the trip member has been retracted to its fullest extent. By requiring such a preliminary maneuver by the operator before the tool is in condition to be fired, there is no possibility of dangerous premature firing of the tool. The invention, heretofore described, however, does not involve the trip member or its construction.
Thus, it will be seen that a fastener-driving tool has been provided wherein the body therefor is of unitary construction and includes a housing for the driver piston and a fastener magazine from which the fasteners are successively fed to a chamber for discharge from the tool by the driver piston. The fastener feeding assembly is mounted on the magazine so that substantial portions thereof are concealed and thus. not susceptible to being accidentally knocked out of adjustment.
Furthermore, the pusher member of thefeed assembly may be readily moved manually to a fastener-loading position and automatically held in said position until released therefrom by the tool operator. The improved tool is of simple construction and may be readily manipulated by the operator. The track components comprising the fastener guiding means disposed within the magazine, may be readily replaced so as to accommodate fasteners which vary over a wide range as to style and size.
i. A powered fastener-driving tool comprising an elongated housing having a fastener-driving piston mounted therein for reciprocatory movement. said housing having means for connection to a power source; an elongated hollow fastener magazine disposed at one end of said housing, and being provided with apertured side walls arranged in spaced side-byside relation, the longitudinal axes of said housing and magazine being angularly disposed relative to one another, said housing and magazine being of unitary construction; a nose section mounted on and protruding from said housing one end and connected to an adjacent discharge end of said magazine, said nose section being provided with a chamber into which fasteners are successively fed from said magazine upon said driving piston moving in one relative direction within said housing and from which fasteners are successively discharged upon said driving piston moving in a second relative direction within said housing; a pair of elongated apertured guide means disposed between said magazine side walls and extending longitudinally thereof for guiding movement of the fasteners longitudinally of and between the side walls of said magazine; means for removably securing said guide means to adjacent opposed surfaces of said magazine side walls, the apertures of a magazine side wall being in registered relation with the apertures of the guide means secured thereto whereby the securing means for one guide means are accessible through the registered apertures of the other guide means and the magazine side wall to which the latter is secured; and a fastener feed assembly disposed within said magazine and including a pusher member mounted for movement only within said magazine and longitudinally of said guide means, said pusher member being biased to move towards said nose section for successively feeding fasteners into said chamber.
2. The powered fastener-driving tool of claim 1 wherein the fastener feed assembly includes a resilient elongated band biased to assume a coil having a fixed axis disposed adjacent said nose section and adjacent one side wall of said magazine, the other end of said band being connected to said pusher member, the segment of said band extending from the coil to the pusher member being disposed between said magazine side walls and adjacent one of said side walls.
3. The powered fastener-driving tool of claim 2 wherein said fastener feed assembly includes a manually releasable means mounted on the end of said magazine remote from said nose section and automatically interlocking with said pusher member when the latter is in a fully extended position with respect to the nose section; said magazine being provided with a top wall having a fastener-loading opening formed therein adjacent the rernote end of said magazine, said opening being disposed intermediate said nose section and the sandwiched between said component surfaces whereby said fasteners remain in a predetermined aligned relation while moving towards said nose section.
5. The fastener-driving tool of claim 3 wherein said pusher member is provided with an exposed means for manually moving said pusher member to an extended position for engagement by said releasable means.