US 3799715 A
An apparatus is provided for forming packing or wrapping material of an elastic plastic sheet material for products of special shapes and particularly annular articles. The sheet of material is permanently stretched in a longitudinal direction with the amount of stretching varying across the width of the sheet so that the sheet assumes a permanent shape to insure wrapping of an annular articles without any air gaps between the wrapping material and the article.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Miura Mar. 26, 1974  APPARATUS OF MAKING WRAPPING 3,632,716 l/1972 Fairbanks 264/210 R X MATERIAL FOR ANNULAR GOODS FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Inventor: lsago Miura, l-4-l9 Honcho, 662,705 5/1963 Canada 264/288 Asaka, Japan 550,106 12/1942 Great Britain 425/66  Filed: 1973 Primary Examiner-R. Spencer Annear  Appl. No.: 328,786 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kane, Dalsimer, Kane, Sul- Related US. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 113,376, Feb. 8, 1971, Pat. No.
 U.S. CL... 425/66, 425/325  Int. Cl B29d 7/22  Field of Search 425/66, 325; 264/210 R, 264/288  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,462,053 8/1969 Behr 425/66 X 3,512,230 5/1970 Luzzatto 425/66 X livan and Kurucz [5 7] ABSTRACT An apparatus is provided for forming packing or wrapping material of an elastic plastic sheet material for products of special shapes and particularly annular articles. The sheet of material is permanently stretched in a longitudinal direction with the amount of stretching varying across the width of the sheet so that the sheet assumes a permanent shape to insure wrapping of an annular articles without any air gaps between the wrapping material and the article.
4 Claims, 17 Drawing Figures PATENTEBkiARZB m4 7 3799715 sum 1 or 3 PATENTED W 1974 saw 2 or 3 APPARATUS OF MAKING WRAPPING MATERIAL FOR ANNULAR GOODS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to an apparatus for manufacturing a packing or wrapping material for goods and particularly an apparatus for manufacturing a wrapping material for an annular article.
2. Description of the Prior Art Hitherto, wrapping of annular articles such as coils of electric wires and automobile tires or the like was usually achieved by sequentially winding either a usual paper tape or'the so-called vinyl tape or the like toroidally around the goods in the manner of a coiled spring by hand. The wrapping operation employing such an ordinary tape as referenced above is generally accomplished by hand requiring a considerable amount of time and, at the same time, imposed an unsightly or poor wrapper appearance in many cases. With this method, inspection of the goods is almost impossible following wrapping. Further, liquidor air-tightpacking of the goods was almost impossible with the conventional tapes. Finally, attempts at mechanical or automatic-wrapping of the conventional tape have not met with any degree of success.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to an apparatus of manufacturing wrapping or packing material for annular or ring-shaped goods and ring-shaped tubes.
The primary object of this invention is to provide an apparatus ofproducing wrapping material with which ring-shaped goods can be wrapped easily and positively.
Another object of this invention is to provide an apparatus of manufacturing wrapping material which enable liquidor air-tight wrapping of ring-shaped goods.
Other objects, features and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is the front view of the sample mold and the film coating;
FIG. 2 is the cross-sectional view taken along the line II II ofFIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is the cross-sectional view taken along the line IIII in FIG; 1 when the coating is-partly peeled off;
FIG. 4 is the perspective view of the coating peeled off from the mold and rolled up partly;
FIG. 5 is the front view of the roller;
F IGS. 6 and 7 are schematic diagrams illustrating the method of determining the configuration of the'roller;
FIG. 8 is the side view illustrating the apparatus to make the film tape into configuration of the roller;
FIG. 9 is the plan view taken along the line IXIX in FIG. 8;
FIGS. 10 and 11 are schematic diagrams illustrating the method of determining the configuration of the roller of another embodiment;
FIGS. 12 and 13 areschematic diagrams illustrating the method of determining the configuration of the roller of still another embodiment;
FIG. 14 is a side view illustrating the apparatus to make the film tape into the configuration of the roller and the laminating mechanism;
FIG. 15 is the cross-sectional view taken along the line XV-XV in FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of the roller and the laminating mechanism; and
FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of the annular article and the film member of still another embodiment.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, reference numeral 20 indicates ringshaped mold to be wrapped and the coating is peeled off from the mold, for example, made of iron. The mold 20 is the same in configuration and size as the annular article to be wrapped. And reference numeral 22 indicates a film coating wrapped about the mold 20, which coating is formed of a material such as, for example, vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, polyethylene, vinyl polymers and copolymers which has plasticity but has a certain degree of elasticity by means of known method. Reference numeral 24 indicates a dividing or rip line of the coating 22 formed by cutting in the radial direction of the mold 20. FIG. 2 is a crosssectional view taken along the line II-Il in FIG. 1. Reference numeral 26 indicates a dividing or rip line of the coating 22 formed by cutting in the circular direction of the sample mold 20.
The coating 22 is partly peeled off from the mold 20 by means of the circular dividing line. Then the partly peeled off coating 22' assumes the shape shown in FIG. 3. Reference numeral 28 indicates the part of the coating 22 that still contacts the mold 20 closely, and 30 designates the part that is detached from the mold 20. Thus, the shaped film which is the same in configuration as the partly peeled coating 22", may advantageously be employed to wrap ring-shaped goods easily and positively by sealing the dividing or rip lines 24 and 26 with an adhesive binder material, an adhesive tape or by heat sealing.
Theoretically, it may be possible to form the film into the shape of the coating 22' by the roll method in which the plane film tape is heated and pressed to the roll which is the same in configuration as the inner surface of the partly peeled-off coating 2.2. In such instance, however, and as a practical matter, it is almost impossible to make a planefilm tape into such configuration because the slope or gradient of the roll surface is so steep that the film will become wrinkled or creased while forming into that shape.
In this invention, partly peeled-off coating 22 is peeled off from the mold 20 and is slightly spread out and is then rolled up in the direction of the rip line 26 in such a manner that, for example, its inner surface is on the outside such as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 4, thusproducing a rolled tape sheet 36, as depicted in FIG. 4, without any substantial wrinkling or creasing. The radius of the roller tape sheet 36 must be smaller than that of the original mold 20. If the radius of the rolled tape sheet 36 is larger than that of the mold 20, the rolled tape sheet 36 will become creased.
Then the configuration of the rolled tape sheet 36 is applied to the metallic roller 38 which turns along the axis 40. With apparatus which will be described later, thermal plastic film will be wound about the roller 38 and formed into the configuration of the roller 38 which is the same in configuration as the rolled tape sheet 36. It is far easier to form the plane plastic film tape to the configuration of the roller 38 than into the configuration of partly peeled-off coating 22' in FIGS. 3 and 4.
The film thus formed is spread out on the selected ring-shaped or annular product to be wrapped and in this case the film is restored to its original shape due to its elasticity, so that it partly covers the annular product in the same manner that the partly peeled-off coating 22' covers the mold 20 as depicted in FIG. 3. The film is turned inwardly with little force so that the film covers the annular product in the same manner that the coating 22 covers the mold 20 in FIGS. 1 and 2.
Thus, with a film formed on the roller 38 as described above, the ring-shaped product can readily be covered by simply spreading the film on the outside of the ringshaped product and turning the apart part of the film to inside with little force. Accordingly, the wrapping can be achieved neatly with relative ease in a very short time. Further, if the rip lines 24 and 26 are sealed with a suitable adhesive binder or adhesive tape after wrapping the product, the product may thusly be easily wrapped in an airor liquid-tight manner.
Reference is now made to FIGS. 6 and 7 wherein a method is disclosed for determining the configuration of roller 38. It will be recalled numeral 20 is the mold of the annular product as shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 6, the circumference of circular cross-section of the tubular coating 22 (see FIG. 2) is divided into, for example, twelve equal parts; and the divided points on the semicircle are indicated by A,, B etc. In this case, an extension of a straight line which passes through the center of the circular cross-section and the center of the ring-shaped in denoted as Y'Y; and a -line passing through the center 0 of the tubular coating and perpendicular to the straight line Y'Y and a plane including the ring-shaped coating 22 is denoted as XX. In FIG. 6, the distances from the points A B etc. to the straight line XX are respectively denoted as a, b etc.
As shown in FIG. 7 a point A, is taken at a distance l/2a, for example, upwards from the intersecting point 0' of two straight lines XX and Y'Y crossing at right angles to each other which correspond to the lines XX and Y'Y in FIG. 6. A straight line is drawn in parallel with the line XX and passing through a point in the line Y'Y at a distance l/2b from the point 0 on the side of Y, and intersecting points of the straight line with a circle about the point A, which has a radius of an arc A B shown in FIG. 6 are designated by B,'. Similarly, circles having a radius of an arc B C, are described about the points B which intersect with a straight line passing through a point in the line Y'Y at a distance I/2c from the point 0' on the side of Y and running in parallel with the line XX and the outer intersecting points relative to the line Y'Y are identified by C,'. In a similar manner, circles having radii of arcs C D D E E l and F G are drawn which intersect with straight lines passing through points in the line Y'Y at distances l/2d, l/2e, l/2f and l/2g from the point 0 on the side of Y and running in parallel with the line XX, and the outer intersecting points are designated by D, to G,, and curves joining the points are indicated by 6,, F,, E,, D,', C B A B C D,, E, F G These curves are turned about the straight line XX to obtain a roller 38.
In the example mentioned above, the scale factor 1 /2 is used to design the roller. However, the scale factor is not restricted to 1/2, and it is theoretically possible to take any scale factor less than or equal to I. For example, to take the scale factor of l, the configuration of the roller becomes the same as the coating 22' in FIG. 3. It is not, however, preferable in practice and it is suggested that the scale factor of l and near 1 be not used. On the other hand, it has been found that it is not necessary to employ too small a scale factor as the precision may not be required. For these reasons, the scale factor of about 1/2 is the most preferable in practice.
Reference is now made to FIGS. 8 and 9 wherein the apparatus of making the film tape into desired configuration is shown employing the above mentioned metallic roller 38. Raw material is extruded out from the extruder 42 through the opening 45 between the lips of the flat die 44. The thickness of the raw material squeezed out is controlled by the size of the opening 45. The raw material squeezed out through the opening 45 is in the configuration of flat thin film tape 47. The raw material at the opening 45 is at about 200C and in liquid condition with no tensile strength, because the melting point of the raw material is a little lower than such temperature. When the hot raw material is out from the opening 45, it is cooled somewhat by the ambient air and, consequently, becomes slightly rigid but, nevertheless, easy to be formed. The roller 38 may be located where the flat thin film tape 47 is discharged downwardly by the effect of gravity. When the film tape touches the roller 38, it winds around the roller 38. The roller 38 is turned about its axis and is cooled by cooling water or some other selected liquid or gas coolant which may pass through the holes 56 in roller 38. The film tape is cooled by the roller 38 while the roller 38 is turning and shaped permanently into the configuration of the roller 38. In this connection, where the hot film tape touches the roller 38, it winds about the roller 38 tightly, because of its viscosity and low tensile strength. If it is desired, the film tape may be pressed to the roller 38 tightly with the help of silicone gum rollers 46 to assure the desired shaping of the film. After the film tape is shaped, it is separated from the roller 38 to the winding mechanism by the driving rollers 50 and 52.
Reference numeral 54 designates freely rotating winding rollers which possess different radii along their axis. The shaped film tape 48 is placed between the winding roller 54 and the driven roller 52. The rotation of the driving roller 52 widens and increases the width of the film tape 48. The opposed sides 58 of the film tape 48 straighten in a longitudinal direction to eliminate the looseness 60. The widening roller reduces or renders tight the looseness 60.
The shaped film tape 48 driven by driving roller 50 and 52 is wound on the winding roller 68 for ease of carrying and handling. The winding roller 68 is approximately the same in configuration as the roller 38 but may be made of plastic or paper. The freely rotating roller 64 set on the arm 62 cooperates in shaping the middle part 66 of the film tape 48 arcuately and the edges of the film tape 48 go straightly as the tape emerges from the driving roller 52 and passes onto the winding roller 68. In this way, shaped film tape 70 is wound around the winding roller 68 substantially with out creases or wrinkles. Thus, longer film tape can be wound with a relatively small radius.
It should be understood that the roller 38 is not limited specifically to the rollers illustrated in FIGS. 5 to 7 and that modifications may be introduced depending upon the purpose and the configuration of the product to be wrapped. The rip line 26 may be cut elsewhere than that shown in FIG. 2, for example, on the outermost surface of the mold 20. Except for this rip line, the design of the modified roller configuration can be accomplished in almost the same way as taught in FIGS. 6 and 7. This modified roller may be placed in the apparatus shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, and a shaped film tape is obtained which has the rip line on the outermost surface when wrapped around the annular product.
In the embodiments described above, the film tape width is the same as the circumferential length of the annular member. When the film tape is larger than the circumferential length of the annular member, that is, the width of the roller is wider than that shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, the shaped film tape formed by the wider roller may cover the annular product partly.
In the embodiments described above, the axes of the rollers are set perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the film tape and the relative position of the roller to the film tape is fixed. The relative position of the roller to the film tape may be changed during operation or the angle of the roller axis may not be perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the film tape. In this manner, the rip line of the shaped film tape will be affected and can be made to go around the annular member when wrapping.
In FIG. 10, the cross-sectional view of the product is essentially the same as FIG. 6 except for the flange part 72. For purposes of brevity, only the difference from FIG. 6 will be described. The flange part 72 is also represented by H, and the distance from the point H to the straight line XX are denoted as h. Circles having the length of segment GH are drawn which intersect with straight line passing through points in the line Y 'Y at distance 1/2]: from the point 0' on the side of Y and running in parallel with the line XX; and the outer intersecting points are designated by H The curves joining the points shown in FIGS. 6, 7, l0 and 11 are turned about the straight line XX to obtain the desired roller. The film tape shaped with this roller has a flanged part 72 when it wraps. around the annular goods. This flanged part 72 is very convenient for sealmg.
In the embodiments described above, the crosssection of the annular or ring-shaped product is circular; but it is not restricted to circular configuration. In FIG. 12, the cross-section of theannular product 20 is rectangular. The corner and the center on the product surface are indicated by J, K, L and M. Asillustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7, parallel lines to X X the arc length JK, KL, LM and the scaling factor makes the .point 1,, K L M asshown in FIG. l3. Then curves joining the points M,, L K J K L M are turned about the straightline X X to obtain theroller.
In the above, when the raw material film tape is shaped by the roller, the middle of the width is stretched and the edgesare not stretched. In this manner, the middle of the shaped film is thinner than the edges if the extruded raw material film tape is of uniform thickness. If this is not desired, the distance of the rips of the flat die 44 may be controlled. In this connection, the center of the opening 45 must be larger than the edges. Then the raw material film tape becomes thicker in its middle and thinner" in the edges. When eventually shaped by the roller 38, the center is stretched and becomes thinner; and thus shaped film tape of uniform thickness may be obtained.
In contact, if it is desired to obtain shaped film tape of transversely non-uniform thickness, non-uniform rips are used. This makes the shaped film tape thick in some part and thin in the remaining; and the thick part of the film may serve as reinforcement when it is wrapped around products.
In another preferred embodiment depicted in FIG. 14, apparatus is shown similar to that depicted in FIG. 8 with the addition of laminating mechanism. At the point where the raw material film 47 touches the roller 38, laminating tape 78 of desired width and selected material is introduced. Tape 78 is rolled out from the laminating tape roll 76. The laminating tape 78 will adhere to the film 47 because the film at this point is tacky. If it is desired, the film and the tape 78 may be pressed together with the help of silicone gum roller 46. When the laminating tape 78 is made of strong material as, for example, woven cloth tape, it functions as reinforcement. When the laminating tape 78 is paper or woven tape with anti-corrosive material, the shaped film tape can not only wrap the annular goods airor liquid-tightbut also prevent the goods from rusting.
When the laminating tape is made of tape 78 and thread of wire 80, the unwrapping of annular product wrapped with this film tape becomes quite easy by simply pulling the thread or wire 80.
Still another embodiment is depicted in FIG. 16 and FIG. 17. In FIG. 17, the cross-section of the annular product 20 is rectangular similar to that depicted in FIG. 12. Both ends of the film tape 48 are lengthened in order that the both ends should come in contact with each other. The roller 38 laminating elongated to L, and M The lamainting tape 78 will be adhered to the film 48. If it is desired, the film and the tape 78 will be pressed together with the help of silicone gum roller 46'.
When laminating, wire 80 of good electrical conductivity is placed between the film 48 and the tape 78. The wire 80 may be stainless steel wire of about 0.15 mm in diameter, or copper wire.
After wrapping an annular product with above mentioned tape 48, both ends of the film 48 are pressed together. And electricity is introduced through the wire 80. Then the wire 80 becomes hot with Joule heating, and the film 48 will be heat-sealed. For example, when 0.15 mm stainless steel wire is placed between two sheets of 0.1 mm thick film, about two seconds electrical charge of 2 to 3 A current was sufficient.
It will be apparent that many modification and variation may be effected without departing from the scope of the novel concept of this invention.
Thus, the several aforenoted objects and advantages are most effectively attained. Although several somewhat preferred embodiments have been disclosed and described in detail herein, it should be understood that this invention is in no sense limited thereby and its scope is to be determined by that of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. An apparatus for forming wrapping material formed of a thermoplastic film tape for wrapping an annular shaped article circumferentially without bunching or folding which is moulded to cover the annular article completely in the form of a close-fitting shell comprising:
a device for providing a predetermined length of relatively thin, flat, hot and deformable thermoplastic film tape,
a contour roller of predetermined and selected configuration to shape the film tape by conforming it to the shape of the roller, the cross-sectional contour of the roller along its rotational axis is determined in proportion to the cross-sectional configuration of said article,
a means for turning said film tape around said roller to conform the film tape to the shape of the roller while the film tape is hot by stretching the film tape in the longitudinal direction with the amount of stretching varying across the width of the film tape,
means for cooling the shaped film tape to permanently set its shape,
a winding device for pulling said shaped film tape transversely,
and a device to roll up said film tape in a roll.
2. The invention in accordance with claim 1 wherein said roller has a cross-sectional contour of which along its rotational axis is determined in accordance with an outer diameter, an inner diameter and a cross-sectional configuration of an annular shaped article to be wrapped, said cross-sectional configuration of said article being in a plane extending perpendicular to the plane of said annular shaped article and crossing the center thereof.
3. The invention in accordance with claim 1 wherein the roller has a hole to pass a coolant through to facilitate cooling the film as it is being shaped.
4. The invention in accordance with claim 1 wherein means are provided for pulling the shaped film transversely after it is separated from the roller and thereafter roll up the shaped film.