|Publication number||US3799861 A|
|Publication date||Mar 26, 1974|
|Filing date||Jul 14, 1972|
|Priority date||Jul 22, 1971|
|Also published as||CA967113A, CA967113A1, DE2235178A1, DE2235178C2|
|Publication number||US 3799861 A, US 3799861A, US-A-3799861, US3799861 A, US3799861A|
|Inventors||Di Pietro B|
|Original Assignee||Raptes Res Applic And Trade Es|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
3,799,861 LYTICAL TICULARLY COPPER Mamh 1974 B. Dl PIETRO ELECTRICAL CONTACT FOR EQUIPMENT USED IN THE ELECTRO PRODUCTION OF METALS PAR Filed July 14, 72
United States Patent O 3,799,861 ELECTRICAL CONTACT FOR EQUIPMENT USED IN THE ELECTROLYTICAL PRODUCTION OF METALS, PARTICULARLY COPPER Bruno Di Pietro, Milan, Italy, assignor to Raptes Researches Applications and Trade Establishment, Triesen, Liechtenstein Filed July 14, 1972, Ser. No. 271,985 Claims priority, application Italy, July 22, 1971, 7,592/71 Int. Cl. B01k 3/00 US. Cl. 204279 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An electrical contact between moving and stationary conducting elements, in particular for equipment used in the electrolytical production of metals, such as copper in form of plates, which eliminates the wearing of the contact points, the voltage drops, the overheating of the movable contact and other inconveniences. This contact essentially comprises a mercury bath contained within a number of beads of flexible and electro-insulating material, and the inside face of a metallic belt rotatably mounted around pulleys. In this bath is immersed a conducting bar spaced from said belt by means of pawls in anti-friction insulating material in order to prevent the direct contact between the bar and the rotating belt.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to an electrical contact for equipment used in the manufacture of metal tapes, such as copper, through the electrolytic process.
It is known in the art the use of machines for the manufacture of electrolytic copper in plate or tape form, consisting essentially of conveyor belts, moved in various ways, said belts acting as the cathode in the electrolytic process, running in a bath contained in a tank, on the bottom of which there is placed an anodic element from which the metallic ions are liberated and deposited on the surface of the conveyor belt serving as the cathode.
Such machines, however, present some problems concerning the electrical contact placed on the belt. In fact, in view of the movement of said belt, it is necessary to create an electrical contact between moving parts and fixed parts, with all the problems that such an arrangement involves. Various inconveniences have in fact been found in practice, such as: wearing of the contact points, voltage drops, spotty overheating of the carrying belt, which cause deformation of same, shortening its life. If the electrical contact produces overheating, local annealings are the consequence, and these shorten the life of the belt itself enormously.
Moreover, the sparkings and burnings produced by the creeping electrical contacts alter the composition of the alloy, in that they cause a precipitation of carbides in the zone subjected to the overheating. This precipitation of carbides exposes the stainless steel to rapid chemical corrosion, which leads to the perforation of the belt in a short time, whereas in the meantime the electrolytically deposited material to remain attached to said zone, causing its own perforation and breakage at the instant the cathode support is removed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a main object of the present invention to provide a type of electrical contact capable of completely eliminating the wearing of the contact points in an apparatus of the above-mentioned type.
Another object of the present invention is that of 3,799,861 Patented Mar. 26, 1974 eliminating the voltage drops in the contact zone between the moving elements and the fixed elements.
Still another important object of the present invention is that of avoiding overheating of the carrying belt. A- -last butnot least object is that of obtaining a de crease in the current from the center of the belt toward the edges, in such a manner that uniform thicknesses of metal plate are obtained as desired.
These and further objects are obtained by means of an electrical contact for equipment used in the manufacture of electrolytic metals in plate form, particularly copper, in accordance with the invention, suitable for bringing'into electrical contact movable elements and fixed elements, and characterized by the fact that it comprises metallic elements, a mercury bath, means for spacing said metallic elements, as well as means for containing said bath.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of an electrical contact illustrated by way of a non-limiting example only, with reference to the annexed drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional 'view of a device for obtaining electrolytic metal in plate form, provided with an electrical contact according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section along the line 11-11 of FIG. 1.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the mentioned figures, the electrical contact according to the invention, indicated overall with 1, is arranged within a metal belt 2 of steel, wound around pulleys 3, keyed onto shafts 4 which are rotatably mounted on fixed supports 5. The lateral edges of said belt 2 are provided with rims of flexible insulating material 6. These rims are acid-resistant and are adapted to prevent the spreading of the electrolytic liquid 7 onto the internal face of said belt 2. Said electrolytic liquid 7 is contained in a tank 8.
The electrical contact 1 according to the invention, consists of a conducting bar 9, immersed in a bath 10 of mercury, which is contained in a space confined by beads 11, of flexible and insulating material, which beads are in contact with the inside part of said belt 2. The conducting bar 9 can be for example of copper plated with nickel or other metal, that mercury does not attack.
Between said conducting bar 9 and said belt 2 there are placed pawls '12' in anti-friction insulating material, of such nature (for example in plastic type Teflon) which is not attacked by mercury, said pawls having the function of spacers for said metallic conducting bar 9 and said belt 2 to prevent the possibility of local overheating and burning, in the event of direct contact. Said beads 11 are extended over the entire internal perimeter of said belt 2, but for obvious reasons of gravity, the mercury bath 10 is limited to the bottom zone of the space defined by said beads 11 and the inside face of belt 2. On the bottom of tank '8 there are placed pieces of metal 13, for example copper, which are to be deposited electrolytically, in sheet or tape form 131: on the face of belt 2, which is immersed in bath 7. In the electrochemical process, the metallic bar 9 serves as cathode, while the function of insoluble anode is assumed by a conductor layer of lead 14, on which the pieces of copper 13 are placed. Said bar 9 and said conductor layer 14 are connected, through conductors 15, to a generator of electromotive force, not shown in the figure.
The operation of the electrical contact according to the invention is simple. The mercury bath closes the 3 circuit comprising said electromotive-force generator, said conductors 15, bar 9, belt 2, electrolytic bath 7, the pieces of metal 13, and the lead conductor layer 14. During the operation of the machine, the mercury 10, thanks to its high specific gravity as well as to its poor adhesive forces, does not follow the movement of the.
belt '2 but always remains in the lower position of the space defined by the beads 11 and the inside face of belt 2. In this manner the electrical contact is always assured, since bar 9 permanently remains immersed in mercury bath 10.
It has been found in practice how the electrical contact according to the invention eliminates 'the inconveniences encountered in the known types of electrical contacts of thecreeping type and similar between fixed and moving members. In fact, employing the electrical contact of the invention, all the phenomena of wear and tear of the contacts, voltage drops, overheating and burning of the steel support belt and the like, shown by the usual contacts do not appear. Further very important fact, it has been found that the electrical contact employing mercury, according to the invention, assures a distribution of electrical potential on the entire surface of belt 2 with a high degree of uniformity. It has been found that it is preferable for the metallic carrying bells to be constructed of rolled steel (not annealed) with a high ultimate stress. This is for the purpose of having a high degree of elasticity, so that when the belt turns on the pulleys it will not retain the curved form of the pulley but will immediately straighten out upon leaving same.
If, on other hand, annealed belts were used having little elasticity, the metal winding around the pulley would have a tendency to retain the curved form; it would then be straightened out as a result of the pull exerted by the tension of the belt on the pulleys. In this case, however, the belt would be subjected to a succession of transverse bends, which would be produced at every revolution, locally causing greater and greater workhardenings at every bend, inevitably leading to breakage.
It is therefore necessary that the carrying belt shows those characteristics of hardness and elasticity that are found only in rolled steel in the non-annealed state. This new type of contact thus permits to maintain unchanged these characteristics, which on the contrary, in case of other types of contact would be modified owing to the local overheatings causing the annealing of the steel.
Thanks to the new contact according to the invention, it is possible to operate with high currents, no longer being subjected to the limitations imposed by the creeping type of contact, operation of which gets worse as the current increases.
I The great advantage of this invention is that the productivity of the apparatus is increased,-the production being proportional to the current. By using the contact according to the present invention the limitations of current intensity, and thus of production, for the devices using creeping contacts of the conventional type, is overcome.
The invention thus conceived is susceptible to numerous changes and variations, falling all within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
It is obvious that the materials used, as Well as the dimensions, can be any that are desired in accordance with the requirements and, furthermore, all the described parts can be replaced with others that are technically equivalent. Thus for example the mercury can be substituted by a conducting substance of suitable analogous characteristics.
What I claim is: v
1. For use in apparatus for the electrolytical production of metallic plates, an electrical contact assembly comprising a stationary electrically conductive bar, an electrically conductive conveyor belt adapted to move relative to said bar, the belt being adapted to receive on a first surface thereof the electrolytic metal of which the metallic plate is formed, said bar being spaced from said belt, means for containing a mercury bath, said mercury bath in continuous contact with a second surface of said belt, at least a portion of said bar being immersed in said bath, said bar being adapted to be connected to an electromotive force generator.
2. An electrical contact assembly as defined in claim 1 wherein said belt is made of rolled, non-annealed steel. 3. An electrical contact assembly as defined in claim 1 wherein said bar is plated with a metal which mercury i does not attack.
4. An electrical contact according to claim 3, wherein said metal for plating said bar is nickel.
5. An electrical contact assembly as defined in claim 1 including means for spacing said bar from said belt.
6. An electrical contact assembly as defined in claim 5 wherein the spacing means comprises a plurality of pawls of anti-friction and electrical insulating material.
7. An electrical contact according to claim 1, wherein said means for containing said mercury bath comprises beads of flexible and electro-insulating material.
8. An electrical contact according to claim 7, wherein said beads of flexible and insulating material are in contact with all of said second surface of said belt wound around driving pulleys.
9. An electrical contact according to claim 8, wherein said mercury is confined in the space created by said beads of flexible and insulating material and by said second surface of said belt, in such a quantity as to fill only the part of said space that is adjacent to said second surface of the section of said belt, which is immersed in an electrolytic bath.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,882,214 4/1959 Summers et al. 204-279 FOREIGN PATENTS 251,901 3/1963 Austria 204-208 JOHN H. MACK, Primary Examiner w. I. SOLOMON, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.
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|US4402799 *||Oct 2, 1981||Sep 6, 1983||Chemcut Corporation||Apparatus and method of treating tabs of printed circuit boards and the like|
|US4402800 *||Apr 16, 1982||Sep 6, 1983||Ash James J||Apparatus and method of treating tabs of printed circuit boards and the like|
|US5480528 *||Feb 25, 1994||Jan 2, 1996||Xerox Corporation||Brushless electrodeposition apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||204/279, 205/76, 204/208, 205/77, 204/216, 204/202|
|International Classification||C25D17/00, H01R39/30, C25D1/04, C25D21/00, H01R3/08, H01R39/00, H01R3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||C25D1/04, C25D17/00|
|European Classification||C25D1/04, C25D17/00|