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Publication numberUS3800571 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 2, 1974
Filing dateFeb 16, 1973
Priority dateFeb 16, 1973
Also published asCA962471A1, DE2334097A1, DE2334097B2
Publication numberUS 3800571 A, US 3800571A, US-A-3800571, US3800571 A, US3800571A
InventorsHeine H
Original AssigneeKidde & Co Walter, Preston Lock Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination lock
US 3800571 A
Abstract
A combination lock which employs a plurality of dials and respective sleeve means for each dial has a pivotally mounted bolt member related to the sleeve means for interlocking engagement with a latch member. The latch member, which is formed to engage a hasp, is spaced longitudinally from the dials and is mounted for movement in a single plane.
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' United States Patent [191 Budzyn 70/71 Heine Apr. 2, 1974 I54] COMBINATION LOCK 3,633,388 1/1972 Atkinson. 70/80 [75] Inven Henry Hine Vernon NJ- 3,677,()42 7/1972 Atkinson 70/70 Assigncc: i 3 Fa i g mvilsion 9 Primary Examiner-A|bert G. Craig, Jr.

g f N Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Shapiro and Shapiro [22] Filed: Feb. 16, I973 57 ABSTRACT [2]] Appl. No; 333,124 I I j A combination lock which employs a plurality of dials y Y r and respective sleeve means for each dial has a pivotally mounted bolt member related to the sleeve means. [58] Fieid 70/67 70 312 316 for interlocking engagement with a latch member. The I lateh member, which is formed to engage a hasp, is [-56] References Cited spaced longitudinally from the dials and is mounted UNITED STATES PATENTS for movement in a single plane.

3,543,545 12/1970 9 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPR 21914 v 3800.571

saw u or 4 FIE|JO COMBINATION LOCK The invention relates to latching devices provided with keyless or combination locking means, and is more particularly directed to improvements in devices or combination locks of the type disclosed in Budzyn U. S. Pat. No. 3,543,545 granted Dec. 1, 1970.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the combination lock disclosed in Budzyn U.S. Pat. No. 3,543,545, the latch member has a compound motion; it travels in a plane parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft and in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the shaft toward the frame member to permit a locking action between cooperable means provided by one end of the latch member and the frame member. The opposite end of the rather long latch member is provided with ahook portion for engagement with a'hasp. The movement of the latch member in the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the shaft involves a tilting of the latch member, and to I permit the tilting thelatch member is connected to the puller by a ball joint. The tilting of the latch member causes its hook portion to assume an angle or tilted plane in its engagement with the hasp.

Combination locks made in accordance with the aforementioned Budzyn patent have been satisfactory for use in connection with luggage, except when the luggage case is overloaded. It has been found that in an overloaded case, the frictional force holding the hook portion of the latch member against the hasp is considerable. With the device in locked or off combination condition, the tilted position of the latch member causes a very strong forceto be exerted against the lifter spring, which bears against the end of the latch member opposite the end which is in engagement with the hasp When turning the device to on combination," the lifter spring is intended to act to raise the latch member, out of locked position, or out from a recess in the frame. The aforementioned frictional force encountered in an overloaded luggage case however, is at times so great that. the lifter spring is inadequate to eject the latch member from the recess. If the strength of the lifter spring is increased, an unduly large force becomes necessary to drive the end of the tiltable latch member down into the recess.

Another problem encountered in using the Budzyn combination lock also stems from the fact that the latch member is structured and related to the bolt member so that the latch member must be tilted to accomplish its function and purpose in the device. When the device is on a luggage case, and the case is over-packed or over-loaded, in dialing from on combination" to off combination, the force necessary to turn the dial closest to the puller is noticeably greater than the forcenecessary to turn the dial closest to the end of the latch member which, enters the recess in the frame member. The unequal pressures encountered are due to the different lengths of lever arm; that is, the different distances of each dial, and its sleeve means from the area of engagement of latch member and frame member at the recess.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The primary object of the invention is to provide an improved combination lock of the type disclosed in the aforesaid Budzyn patent.

A combination lock constructed in accordance with the invention eliminates the latch member from the train of forces or from the relationship of the elements acting to lock the device. Turning the dials and the related sleeve means pushes a bolt member against the force of a spring which is in direct engagement with the bolt member. The latch member is provided with means for interlocking engagement with the bolt member. The latch member is firmly riveted to the puller member and travels straight in a single plane and does not tilt. The advantage of the Budzyn lock, whereby the latch member is not directly engaged by the sleeve means is retained. In fact, the latch member is longitudinally spaced from and relatively remote from the dials and the sleeve means.

A combination lock in accordance with the invention comprises a face plate member having a plurality of aligned spaced slots, a shaft, dials positioned to extend partially through the slots, sleeve means for each dial on the shaft, each sleeve means having a flange portion and a flat portion, a slotted bolt member having the dials extended therethrough adjacent the sleeve means, resilient means urging the bolt member against the sleeve means, and a latch member spaced longitudiplane. The bolt member is pivotally mounted along one side thereof upon an axis extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft. The latch member and the bolt member have-interlocking means operative to lock the latch member in latched position when the bolt member is rotated about its pivotal mounting by a flange on a sleeve means.

Also, the combination lock of the invention is constructed so that the dials are secured against rotation when the latch member is in unlatched position. In such position of the latch member a portion thereof is immediately underneath the bolt member, and acts to block or prevent displacement of the bolt member when one would try to turn a dial. As explained in the aforementioned Budzyn patent, it is highly desirable that the dials be secured against rotation in the unlatched position ofv the latch member to minimize the problem of tampering.

These, and other advantages and improved results furnished by the combination lock of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of an illustrated and preferred embodiment of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a combination lock made in accordance with the invention, the lock being shown in association with a hasp, this view also showing the lock and .hasp as secured for example to a luggage case, which is partially shown; I

FIG. 2 is a transverse, vertical cross sectional view taken approximately in the plane of line.22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a transverse, vertical cross sectional view taken approximately in the plane of line 3-3 of FIG. 1, this view showing the sleeve means in on combination condition;

FIG. 4 is a transverse, vertical cross sectional view taken approximately in the plane of line 4-4 of FIG.

FIG. 5 is a transverse, vertical cross sectional view taken approximately in the plane of 55 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 6 is a transverse, vertical cross sectional view taken approximately in the planes of line 66 of FIG. 1;

FIG.- 7 is a longitudinal, vertical cross sectionalview taken in the plane of line 7-7 of FIG. 1, this view showing the lock in locked or off combination conditron;

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 7, except that the lock is shown in on combination condition and the latch member in unlatched position;

FIG. 9 is a top plan view of the bolt member; and

FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the latch member.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, a combination lock A made in accordance with the invention is cooperable with a hasp B. Generally, the combination-lock A comprises a face plate member C, a shaft D, a frame E, a bolt member F, a latch member G, dials l-I, sleeve means I, and resilient means .I acting upon and cooperable with the bolt member.

The face plate member C is provided with a plurality of aligned spaced slots 20. The shaft D is related to the face plate member so that the dials H are positioned to extendpartially through the slots and the sleeves means I for each dial are mounted on the shaft. As shown in detail in the aforementioned Budzyn patent, eachsleeve means has a flange portion 22 and a flat portion 24.

The bolt member F is provided with a plurality of spaced slots 26 to permit the dials H to be extended therethrough. The bolt member is positioned adjacent the sleeve means I, and is pivotally mounted to rock or rotate on an axis extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft D. The means for pivotally mounting the bolt member extends along one side of the bolt member. The frame member E is beneath the shaft, dials, sleeve means, bolt member and latch member, and is connected to the face plate member C. The bolt member is engaged by the resilient means .I (FIG. 4), which acts to urge the bolt member against the sleeve means I.

The latch member G is spaced longitudinally from the dials H and is fixed for movement in a single plane. Further, the latch member extends transverse to the direction of the longitudinal axis'of the shaft, and the single plane for movement of the latch member is offset or below the plane of the bolt member when the bolt member is in engagement with the flat portion of each sleeve means, or when the device is on combination, as shown in FIG. 8.

The bolt member and the latch member are provided with interlocking means operative to lock the latch member in latched position when the bolt member is rotated about its pivotal mounting by a flange on a sleeve means; that is to say, when a dial is rotated to off combination. The parts are related to one another so that a dial cannot be rotated to off combination when the latch member is in the unlatched position. The latch member must be in-latched position (FIG. 7) to allow a dial or dials to be rotated to place the device in off combination or on combination conditions. When the latch member is in the unlatched position shown in FIG. 8, the latch member is below the level and closely adjacent to the bolt member. In such relationship of the parts, any effort to rotate a dial, and thereby rotate the sleeve means, is prevented; the bolt the shaft D, blocks its movement.

In greater detail, as shown in FIG. 9, the slotted bolt member F is provided along one side with a pair of trunnions, there being a trunnion 30 extending outwardly from each end of the bolt member. At the opposite side and at the end adjacent the latch member, the bolt member is provided with an inturned projection 32 to be received within a notch 34-0f the latch member G when the bolt and latch members are in interlocking relationship as shown in FIGS. 1 and 7. The bolt member is provided with a locating projection 36 for the spring means .I which, as shown in FIG. 4, is in the form of a coiled compression spring having its ends confined by the projection 36 and a locating means 38 provided by the frame member E. The spring urges the pivoted bolt member against the sleeve means I.

As previously indicated, the frame member E is connected to the face plate C. These two members preferably are made by diecasting and are formed to provide longitudinally spaced bearings for the trunnions 30 of the bolt member and longitudinally spaced bearings for the shaft D. To connect the partsthe face plate C is preferably provided with longitudinally spaced pairs of connecting studs 42 which are extended through aligned openings 44 in the frame member, following which the ends of the connecting studs are headed over to secure the parts to one another. A pair of the connecting studs is shown in FIG. 5.

As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, the frame member F is provided with upstanding bearing projections 46 which arecooperable with aligned recesses 48 formed in the' face plate to provide the spaced bearings for the trunnions 30 to allow the bolt member F to pivot about the longitudinal axis provided by the trunnions. As shown in FIGS. 5, 7 and 8, the frame member E is cast or formed with central, upstanding projections 50 to support the ends or provide spaced bearings 52 for the shaft D.

As shown in FIG. 10, thelatch member G is provided with a hook portion 54 which is cooperable with the hasp B (FIG. 1). The latch member is moved by a puller M, which is connected to the latch member so that the latch member may move only in a plane parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft B. Referring to FIG. 10, the latch member is provided with an aperture 56 within which a ball 58 (FIGS. 6, 7 and 8) is located. The ball is in communication with a vertically extending bore 60 provided in an extension of the puller M. A coiled compression spring 62 is positioned to bear against the ball at one end and a surface provided by the puller at the other end. The purpose of the ball is so that it may coact with a ramp 64 formed on the frame member E'to furnish a snap action to resiliently maintain the puller in either the latched (FIG. 7) or unlatched position (FIG. 8). Significantly, the puller is connected to the latch member G so that the latch member cannot tilt and is moveable by the puller in a single plane only. For this purpose the latch member is provided with a pair of transversely spaced apertures 66 through which aligned connecting studs 68 formed on the puller are extended and then headed over for the connection of the parts, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 6. It will be noted that the latch member is a comparatively small piece which extends transversely with respect to sired, and for aesthetic purposes, the flange 72 may be provided along three sides of the face plate member as shown in FIG. 1. The puller is guided for the desired movement between latched and unlatched positions of the latch member by suitable guide means. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the face plate member C is provided with transversely spaced, longitudinally extending ribs 74 received in adjoining recesses 76 on the under-side of the puller.

In the preferred form of the invention the sleeve means I are each in the form of a sleeve separate from each dial H. The sleeves and dials are made with cooperable means for releasably keying them together to permit the selection of a combination of ones ownsecret choice. With separate sleeves formed for releasable keying to the dials, a spring L is provided around the end of the shaft D opposite the end to which a lever N is secured or mounted, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. The spring L serves to maintain the individual sleeves in abutting, end-to-end relationship, and the lever N, which is rotatably mounted on the shaft D and which extends through a cut-out or opening 78 in the frame member may be rotated and pushed against the force of the spring L to disengage the sleeves from their respective dials to then enable the dials to be rotated to a selected combination of ones choice. Where the preferred sleeve means are in the form of individual sleeves for keying to the dials, the bolt member is provided with a cut-out or opening 80 so to allow the lever to extend therethrough.

In the illustrated form of the'invention there are three separate sleeves and three dials. With three dials each having ten indicia or numbers thereon there are one thousand different possible combinations available. It will be understood that any desired number of dials may be used to furnish the desired number of combinations. Also, the dials and sleeves are essentially the same construction asdisclosed in the aforementioned Budzyn patent, and a dial cooperable spring member K (FIG. 3) is related to the dials so that the dials are releasably maintained in selected circumferential position.

Also, in the preferred and illustrated form of the invention the combination lock is provided with visual indicator means as disclosed in Gehrie U. S. Pat. No. 3,416,338 granted Dec. 17, 1968. For this purpose the sleeves are provided with visual or feeler means for alignment with openings 82 in the frame member E, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. To allow access to the slot or visual means on the sleeves the bolt member is provided with aligned notches 84 (FIG. 9).

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 6, the hook portion 54 of the latch member G is cooperable with the hasp B and the latch member projects through an opening 86 (FIG. 6) in the face plate C. As known in the art the engageable faces of the hook portion and the hasp are matingly angled to facilitate the drawing together of the luggage case sections or container parts when the combination lock A and hasp B are used for the luggage application as herein illustrated. In this regard, the pre-' ferred application or use of the device is the same as illustrated in the aforementioned Budzyn patent, thereby making it unnecessary to describe in detail the relationship of the lock and hasp to the luggage shells 8,5 and the valance members V,V', as shown in FIGS. 1 and 6.

The combination lock as herein illustrated and described operates as follows. With the device on com- I bination, or with the dials rotated so that each of the sleeve means I has its flat portion 24 in engagement with the bolt member as shown in FIG. 8, the puller M may be moved from latched to unlatched position and vice versa. When the puller is in the unlatched position shown in FIG. 8, the latched member G has a portion thereof below and immediately adjacent the end of the bolt member. In such relationship of the parts, the dials H cannot be rotated because the latch member is rigidly connected to the puller M, cannot tilt, and blocks the displacement of the bolt member.

When it is desired to lock the device or'to place the device off combination,-the puller M is moved to the position shown in FIG. 7, and then one or more of the dials is rotated so that a flange or flanges 22 pivots the latched position.

It is believed that the advantages and improved results afforded by the combination lock of the invention will be apparent from the foregoing detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof. Various changes and modifications may be made to the preferred embodiment of the invention as hereinbefore described without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as sought to be defined from'the following claims.

I claim:

1. A combination lock comprising a face plate memher having a plurality of aligned spaced slots, a shaft, dials positioned to extend partially through the slots, sleeve means for each dialon the shaft, each sleeve means having a flange portion and a flat portion, a slotted 'bolt member having the dials extended therethrough adjacent the sleeve means, means pivotally mounting the bolt member along a first side thereof on an axis extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft, resilient means urging the bolt member against the sleeve means, a latch member spaced longitudinally from the dials and fixed for movement in a single plane said movement being parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft, the latch member and bolt member having interlocking means-operative to lock the latch member in latched position when the bolt member is rotated about its pivotal mounting by a flange on a sleeve means.

Y 2. A combination lock according to claim 1 wherein the interlocking means comprises a projection provided by the bolt member on a side opposite said first side for entry into a notch provided in the latch member.

3. A combination lock according to claim 1 wherein the single plane for movement of the latch member is below and closely adjacent the bolt member when the bolt member is in engagement with the flat portion of each sleeve means, the latch member preventing pivoting of the bolt member when the latch memberis in unlatched position.

4. A combination lock according to claim 1 including a frame member beneath the shaft, dials, sleeve means and bolt member connected to the face plate member, the means pivotally mounting the bolt member comprising a trunnion extending outwardly from each end of the bolt member, the trunnions being positioned between spaced bearings provided by the face plate and frame members.

5. A combination lock according to claim 1 wherein the sleeve means are separate sleeves, the dials and sleeves each being provided with cooperable means for keying a sleeve to a respective dial, a spring for normally keying the sleeves to their respective dials, and means for disengaging the sleeves from the dials to permit changing the combination.

6. A combination lock according to claim 2 wherein the single plane for movement of the latch member is below and closely adjacent the bolt member when the bolt member is in engagement with the flat portion of each sleeve means, the latch member preventing pivoting of the bolt member when the latch member is in unlatched position.

7. A combination. lock according to claim 2 including a frame member beneath the shaft, dials, sleeve means and bolt member connected to the face plate member, the means pivotally mounting the bolt member comprising a trunnion extending outwardly from each end of the bolt member, the trunnions being positioned between spaced bearings provided by the face plate and frame members.-

8. A combination lock according to claim 3 including a frame member beneath the shaft, dials, sleeve means and bolt member connected to the faceplate member, the means pivotally mounting the bolt member cornprising a trunnion extending outwardly-from each end of the bolt member, the trunnions being positioned between spaced bearings provided by the face plate and frame members.

9. A combination lock according to claim 3 wherein the sleeve means are separate sleeves, the dials and sleeves each being provided with cooperable means for keying a sleeve to a respective dial, a spring for normally keying the sleeves to their respective dials, and means for disengaging the sleeves from the dials to per mit changing the combination.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. ,571v Dated April 2, 1974 Inventor(s) HENRY HEINE It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Correct spelling of Assignee from 'Pr'eston Lock Company" to -Presto Lock Company-.

Signed and sealed this 9th ,day of, Jul 19 74.

(SEAL) Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents F ORM PO-IOSO (10-69) USCOMM-DC 60376-P59 I U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I, 0*866-334.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3543545 *Feb 17, 1969Dec 1, 1970Kidde Co Presto Lock DivCombination lock
US3633388 *Aug 28, 1970Jan 11, 1972Long Mfg Co IncCombination lock construction
US3677042 *Mar 19, 1971Jul 18, 1972Long Mfg Co IncCombination lock construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3961505 *Nov 5, 1974Jun 8, 1976Presto Lock CompanyLatching device including combination locking means
US4123923 *Nov 29, 1977Nov 7, 1978Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kiddie & Company, Inc.Combination lock
US4281525 *Oct 10, 1978Aug 4, 1981Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kidde & Co., Inc.Hardware for luggage and the like
US4341101 *Jul 11, 1980Jul 27, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4343164 *Jul 11, 1980Aug 10, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4343165 *Jul 11, 1980Aug 10, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4350030 *Oct 27, 1980Sep 21, 1982Samsonite CorporationLuggage case resettable sequential combination lock
US4354366 *Jul 11, 1980Oct 19, 1982Kidde, Inc. (Presto Lock Company Division)Combination locks
US4355524 *Jul 11, 1980Oct 26, 1982Kidde, Inc. (Presto Lock Company Division)Combination locks
US4356712 *Jun 9, 1980Nov 2, 1982Presto Lock, Inc.Hardware assembly for luggage and the like
US4389863 *Mar 5, 1981Jun 28, 1983Presto Lock, Inc.Combination locks
US4711108 *Jun 19, 1986Dec 8, 1987Garro Jose PCombination lock
US4829796 *May 6, 1987May 16, 1989Jung Wook KimApparatus for keeping a spare car key in a fuel tank cap
US5156030 *Feb 26, 1991Oct 20, 1992Otho D. HillKey safe for door
US7363782Sep 12, 2006Apr 29, 2008The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated padlock with indicator
US7832238Oct 27, 2007Nov 16, 2010The Eastern CompanyCombination and key operated locks with indicators
DE2933401A1 *Aug 17, 1979Apr 30, 1980Kidde Co Presto Lock DivHardware fuer gepaeckstuecke u.dgl.
DE2942789A1 *Oct 23, 1979Nov 6, 1980Kidde Co Presto Lock DivPermutationsschloss
DE3126802A1 *Jul 7, 1981Apr 1, 1982Kidde Co Presto Lock DivPermutationsschloss
DE3142588A1 *Oct 27, 1981Sep 23, 1982Kidde Co Presto Lock DivVerriegelungssystem
DE3144829A1 *Nov 11, 1981Sep 16, 1982Kidde Co Presto Lock DivPermutationsschloss
DE3153422C2 *Oct 27, 1981Nov 9, 1989Presto Lock, Inc., Garfield, N.J., UsTitle not available
EP0449035A1 *Mar 13, 1991Oct 2, 1991Sudhaus Schloss- und Beschlagtechnik GmbH & CoCombination lock for suit- or briefcases, and the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/71, 70/312, 70/316
International ClassificationE05B37/00, E05B37/02, E05B65/00, E05B65/52
Cooperative ClassificationE05B37/02
European ClassificationE05B37/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 10, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: PRESTO LOCK, INC., 100 OUTWATER LANE, GARFIELD, NJ
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PRESTO LOCK COMPANY, DIVISION OF WALTER KIDDE & COMPANY,INC., A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004044/0374
Effective date: 19811201
Owner name: PRESTO LOCK, INC., A CORP. OF NJ, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PRESTO LOCK COMPANY, DIVISION OF WALTER KIDDE & COMPANY, INC., A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004044/0374